Dagger carriers: MiG, Tu, and Su

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Little what aviation the means of defeat causes such heated debate as "Dagger". For some, this is "unparalleled in the world" hypersonic weapon, and for someone - another "drank and drank." One thing is obvious: we have an air-based aeroballistic missile capable of developing hypersonic speed in certain parts of the flight. Having a high range and accuracy sufficient to destroy a large ship. However, we will not go into all the known details of the X-47M2. Moreover, attempts to evaluate the project have been repeatedly undertaken earlier. We’ll better talk about which planes they will use (or use now) as carriers for the complex.

MiG-31K


Complex status: in service.
Number of aircraft: at least ten.
Number of missiles: one.
Range of action: more than 2000 kilometers.




Based on the MiG-1964 that made its first flight back in 25, the MiG-31 is the only full-fledged Russian interceptor fighter. There are no alternatives to it, so now more than a hundred of these machines have been upgraded to the MiG-31BM standard - a relatively "modest" modernization against the background of what could have happened. But still. In this regard, the idea of ​​upgrading a part of the MiG-31 to the level of the MiG-31K (that is, the Dagger carrier) seems somewhat ambiguous.

The fact is that after modernization, the aircraft can no longer use standard long-range air-to-air weapons in the form of R-33 missiles. Which, recall, like the X-47M2, are hung on the external ventral holders. The previously presented images show that there are no familiar suspension points for R-33 class missiles on the plane, and a new suspension unit was developed specifically for the “Dagger”, which once again confirms the thesis about the very large mass of the product and the overall complexity of the system.

On the whole, the MiG-31 + X-47M2 combination looks like a necessary measure in which an aircraft of this type can only take one missile, while losing the opportunity to fulfill its main role - the interception of cruise missiles and bombers. Recall that in the United States and Europe they have long gone the other way - by miniaturizing aviation weapons, as well as integrating them into a wide variety of aviation systems. As for the advantages of the scheme chosen by Russia, the main one seems to be a very high interceptor speed: in the basic version, the machine can fly at a speed of more than 3000 kilometers per hour.

Be that as it may, the MiG-31K is now the only confirmed carrier for the Dagger. If we talk about the number of such vehicles, since December 2017, the MiG-31K squadron with “Daggers” has been on duty in the Southern Military District, and since April 2018, the MiG-31K has been operating regularly over the Black and Caspian Seas.

Tu-22M3 / M3M + "Dagger"


Complex status: not in service.
Number of aircraft: -
Number of missiles: up to four.
Range of action: more than 3000 kilometers.


The most logical carrier of the “Daggers” is the aircraft, which was originally created for similar purposes, namely the Tu-22M long-range bomber. We recall that it is capable of carrying X-22 cruise missile anti-ship missiles and Soviet aeroballistic X-15s that have already been withdrawn from service, the conditional analogue of which can be considered X-47M2. Recall that Russia has about fifty Tu-22M3: at least some of them are upgraded to the level of Tu-22M3M. The objective of modernization is to extend the life of the aircraft up to forty calendar years and give it the ability to use new aviation weapons, in particular, the X-32 cruise missiles.

As RIA noted in 2018News"With reference to a source in the military-industrial complex, the Tu-22M3 will be able to carry up to four Dagger missiles, which, of course, will require additional modernization.

“It will require a major modernization in terms of electronic equipment and strengthening the external suspension on which these missiles could be placed. Apparently, these moments will be worked out during the tests ”,

- said military expert Viktor Murakhovsky on this occasion.

A serious advantage of this solution is that the Tu-22M3 has a much more significant combat radius than the MiG-31. Among the shortcomings - perhaps the solid age of the bombers.

Tu-160M ​​/ M2 + "Dagger"


Complex status: not in service.
Number of aircraft: -
Number of missiles: unknown.
Range: unknown.


This car has recently attracted special media attention. Recall, on February 160, the first flight of the deeply modernized Tu-160M, which was created on the basis of the Tu-14 combatant bomber “Igor Sikorsky” (board number 160 “red”), completed its first flight. The car received a new on-board electronics. Newly built aircraft of the same configuration received the designation Tu-2MXNUMX.

The main intrigue is the armament of the aviation complex. Strategic bomber is traditionally seen as the carrier of cruise missiles X-101, and, possibly, promising X-BD. However, the "Dagger" also want to make part of the possible aviation weapons. “We are considering the possibility of installing dagger missiles on the Tu-160. The development of such an option should be completed this year, ”TASS said in 2020 a source in the military-industrial complex. However, without specifying any details.

Of course, the mass of the combat load of any Tu-160 is several times greater than the Tu-22M3 / M3M, which, together with a large radius of action, opens up unprecedented opportunities for the use of the X-47M2. However, the disadvantages, in general, remain the same. So, for example, even if the “Daggers” are placed in the internal compartments, the Tu-160 will be perfectly visible by US radars.

Su-57 + "Dagger"


Complex status: not in service.
Number of aircraft: -
Number of missiles: unknown.
Range: unknown.

In 2018, it became known about the idea to equip the new Russian fifth-generation fighter with the X-47M2 Dagger missile. True, it will be (if any) very soon.

“After 2030, this aircraft is planned to be considered as an aircraft carrier for the promising Dagger aviation complex,

- quoted the representative of the Russian Air Force RIA Novosti.

Obviously, the rocket is too large for placement in the internal compartments of the fighter. This means that the Su-57 will be able to carry the “Dagger” unless on external suspensions, which, of course, eliminates its main trump card - stealth.

In general, there are no big pluses if you choose the Su-57 as the carrier, since Russia (we were convinced of this above) has a wide range of very different air platforms, which would be much more logical to use for such a purpose.

By the way, in the media you can find data on the idea to equip a promising strategic bomber created with the PAK DA program with “hypersonic weapons”. However, without specifying a specific type of ammunition. Will the Dagger turn out to be this weapon? We will find out about that in the future.
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48 comments
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  1. 0
    February 20 2020
    MDA, 50 pieces t 22m, little is left.
    1. -11
      February 20 2020
      For some it’s a “hypersonic weapon” that has no analogues in the world, and for someone it’s another “drank and drank
      ". but for me it is normal ... with our meager budget, being pulled apart by the "democrats" and "confidants". quite a good "shnyaga". capable of sobering up many western partners. "The" hand "became not only" long "but also fast, without" quotation marks "and it warms the soul. After all, nobody wants to die in the" rotten West ". But here it is ... Poland is not mentioned at all, it is somewhere there ... between, and Germany .. there is such a disgusting one island, from which all the stench goes ... let him, with his aristocratic food, smell our frustration, from his policies ...
  2. +1
    February 20 2020
    As long as there is a Mig-31 + Dagger, and the rest is speculation, it makes no sense to guess on the coffee grounds.
  3. -2
    February 20 2020
    If zircon will be adopted and modified for use with aircraft carriers, then the need for daggers will disappear. Another question is if the daggers have an AGSN for fighting ships, why it is not on the Iskander, this would at least use them as coastal missile systems.
    1. +3
      February 20 2020
      Quote: swzero
      if daggers have an AGSN to fight ships

      By the way, did you come across any information about the tests of the "Dagger" on moving targets? And then something is not clear, he knows how to ship in the end or not.
      1. +2
        February 21 2020
        Quote: Kalmar
        Quote: swzero
        if daggers have an AGSN to fight ships

        By the way, did you come across any information about the tests of the "Dagger" on moving targets? And then something is not clear, he knows how to ship in the end or not.

        This is the most important question! The rest is technical details .. If it can on moving targets, then this completely reverses the database maintenance against the fleet ..
        1. +2
          February 21 2020
          On test rollers, shooting was
          1) on a fixed target on the ground
          2) on VO, I remember, some caught that the target was hit not by the Dagger, but by another missile ...
          1. +3
            February 21 2020
            If the BR were taught to hit a moving target, then this
            there would be a world sensation. fellow
            And immediately, as unnecessary, the production of cruise missiles would cease
            1. 0
              February 22 2020
              Back in the 70s they taught (https://topwar.ru/36200-protivokorabelnye-ballisticheskie-rakety-dalnego-deystviya.html). It didn’t go into the series because of strategic offensive arms: they decided that a multi-headed ICBM was more useful than a cool anti-ship missile.
              1. +2
                February 22 2020
                The series did not go due to unsuccessful trials. AUG in the ocean is not a test
                barge in the pond. Until now, no radar has been installed on the BR.
                1. 0
                  February 22 2020
                  But what about Pershing 2 (at least)?
    2. +1
      February 21 2020
      Quote: swzero
      Another question is if daggers have an AGSN

      for missiles of the Iskander-M complex the following GOS were developed:
      - radar correlation GOS, developed by TsNIIAG in the late 1980s on the Volga theme. The rocket is guided by comparing the digital terrain map in the target area and the radar data of the seeker;
      - optical correlation GSN 9E436, developed by TsNIIAG (Moscow), the missile is guided by the reference image of the target
      - radar active GOS 9B918 - developed and produced by NPP "Radar MMS" as of 2009
  4. -14
    February 20 2020
    Ilya, the rocket either flies constantly at maximum speed, if launched, or is in storage. "Dagger" is a hypersonic missile, and flies at a speed of over 5M, that is, hypersonic, constantly, and not as you wrote it "sometimes" By the way, they often write stupidity that "Dagger" is a remake of "Iskander" corresponds to reality, because this rocket was generally created from scratch, and its mass and size characteristics are simply inscribed in the capabilities of those aircraft that the countries have available.
    1. +4
      February 20 2020
      Quote: Thrifty
      the rocket either flies constantly at maximum speed, if launched, or is in storage. "Dagger" is a hypersonic missile, and flies at a speed of over 5M, that is, hypersonic, constantly, and not as you wrote "sometimes"

      "Dagger" is an aeroballistic rocket; ballistic with air launch. And BRs fly at an inconsistent speed: they accelerate in the active phase and fly further by inertia (losing speed). At the point of maximum acceleration, the speed can be higher than 5M, but already at the target - lower.

      Quote: Thrifty
      They write nonsense that the "Dagger" is a remake of the "Iskander", and so, this is not true, because this rocket was actually created from scratch

      Where does this information come from? Is external identity random too?
    2. 0
      February 21 2020
      Quote: Thrifty
      Dagger "hypersonic missile, and flies at a speed of over 5M, that is, hypersonic, constantly

      no, not always. Dagger - aeroballistic missile, accelerated by the engine to max. speed, then flies by inertia along a ballistic trajectory. The Dagger (like Iskander) does not have an engine that constantly maintains hypersonic speed.
      Quote: Thrifty
      for some reason you wrote "sometimes"

      that is, sometimes - only on the active part of the trajectory.
      The speed at the target is 700-800 m / s (this is approximately 2500 - 2800 km / h)

      Quote: Thrifty
      they often write stupidity that the "Dagger" is a rework of the "Iskander", and so, this is not true, because this rocket was actually created from scratch

      where are the firewood from? Can you link?
  5. -4
    February 20 2020
    something tells me that the MiG-31 is not capable of landing with a rocket under its belly.
    1. +1
      February 20 2020
      Stupidity. That is, planes drop a rocket before landing?
      1. -3
        February 20 2020
        I think they take off with a rocket in order to launch it somewhere, and not cut circles ... but I'm not sure, and my post is more a question than a statement.
        Just looked at the shashi.
        1. -2
          February 20 2020
          Let me tell you, maybe they should work out fuel before landing? I still understand that.
          1. +6
            February 20 2020
            Shasi depreciation, when landing does not exactly hit ?! between the rocket and the ground about 0.5 meters or even less
            1. -3
              February 20 2020
              How do I know? Guided by common sense. And I advise you. When landing, spoiling a rocket that costs ... A lot ... Well, it's just stupid.
              1. The comment was deleted.
  6. -5
    February 20 2020
    Grumpy, grumpy ...
    Little, liquid, Efficiency unknown ...

    And by the way, is the "Dagger" a rework of the "Iskander" or not? ???
    Most write that the alteration, and a minority - on the contrary ...
  7. -1
    February 20 2020
    Strictly speaking, the only optimal carrier of the "Dagger" is the steel MiG-31, which is capable of launching an aeroballistic missile at its maximum range while pitching at supersonic speed.

    Bombers Tu-22 and Tu-160 are capable of launching aeroballistic missiles only from horizontal flight at subsonic speed - i.e. for a shorter range. Their purpose is to carry cruise missiles of the Zircon, Caliber-A and Kh-101/102 types.

    And the MiG-31 missile carriers, with a total number of about 250 units, are already full of work as carriers of "Daggers", anti-satellite missiles, ultra-long-range air-to-air missiles and space carrier rockets of nanosatellites placed on the ventral suspension point and launched from pitching on supersonic speed.
    1. 0
      February 21 2020
      capable of launching an aeroballistic missile at maximum range in the process of cabling at supersonic speed.

      Heavy missiles do not start from X-22 to modern ones with cabriolet. This does not make sense and is not allowed under the regulations.
  8. +1
    February 20 2020
    Recall that Russia has about fifty Tu-22M3: at least some of them are upgraded to the level of Tu-22M3M. The objective of modernization is to extend the life of the aircraft to forty calendar years and empower it with the ability to use new aviation weapons

    This is all that the author writes about - is implementation of improvements, because it is performed on aircraft in operation.
    Modernization of aircraft is carried out by factories in subsequent series taking into account the experience of combat work and the operation of aircraft.
  9. 0
    February 20 2020
    It seems to me that the Tu22 would be an ideal carrier. But I'm not a constructor, it's not for me to decide.
  10. +2
    February 20 2020
    why not consider the option of deploying Iskander SD (ancestor of the Dagger) on diesel submarines in vertical launchers. A new type of submarine based on the new Warsaw or Lad. Add rocket compartment to 6-8 UR. And they will rummage around the Baltic and the Black Sea. Although with regard to the Baltic, the fleet there needs to be easy to keep. And to develop high-speed ... vessels on the VP, ekranoplans and the like. The Gulf of Pts is easy to block with mines. Accordingly, such vessels will be worn over the water surface at high speeds. And classic corvettes and missile boats could go through the internal rivers and canals to the north or the Black Sea. Already a very uncomfortable geographic location in our Baltic.
  11. +2
    February 20 2020
    On the MiG-31 it would be nice to leave the radar with the ability to carry R-77 missiles under the wing. Although limited, the ability to complete interception tasks has lagged behind.
    1. 0
      February 20 2020
      "Dagger" is placed between the engines of the Su-34 and Su-35, and not only them, and the clearance between the rocket and the take-off is greater than in the case of the MiG-31,
      1. 0
        February 21 2020
        Quote: agond
        "Dagger" is placed between the engines of the Su-34 and Su-35, and not only them, and the clearance between the rocket and the take-off is greater than in the case of the MiG-31,


        Is the suspension unit placed there?
        And the elements of strengthening the center section?
        And the dagger itself, which with fixed surfaces, also fits in the presence of a suspension unit, similar to the Mig-31BM2
        1. 0
          February 21 2020
          Quote: SovAr238A
          Is the suspension unit placed there?

          easy. There is enough space between the nacelles.

          Quote: SovAr238A
          And the elements of strengthening the center section?

          Is it just that Dryers dragged something heavy under the fuselage, but the MiG-31? What did he lift heavier than four R-37 ???
          It seems that it was his glider that required strengthening and organizing a powerful suspension unit. Dry ones under the fuselage could carry KAB-1500, Mosquitoes, now wearing Bramosa.
  12. +2
    February 20 2020
    I am proud, for our military-industrial complex, that he managed to create an outstanding rocket, if we proceed from the declared. BUT, I have nowhere been able to find the answer to the constantly revolving question in my head: "What will give zu, this rocket?"
    1. 0
      February 21 2020
      When attacking an AUG, there is no answer.
      TsU at attack of motionless targets - satellites and inertial systems.
      1. +1
        February 21 2020
        Of course, I meant the RCC variant
        1. +2
          February 21 2020
          None. The targets are laid in the rocket before launch.
          The plane must launch the dagger from a strictly defined point,
          then it hits the target. If the pilot starts it either earlier or later,
          then the dagger will miss.
  13. +2
    February 20 2020
    Why touch the Su57? There is a mass of Su27x, Su30x
  14. -1
    February 20 2020
    So far, Russia does not have and in the next 15 years is not expected to create powerful strike groupings of fleets capable of destroying 4-5 AUGs in the North and East directions and 2-3 AUGs from the Mediterranean Sea, all hope is for the Bastion coastal missile systems -M "with long-range Onyx-M and hypersonic Zircon and aviation strike groups.
    At the Northern Fleet and Pacific Fleet, it is necessary to form air divisions with the "Dagger" complex (each division has two MiG-31K regiments and a Tu-22M3M regiment), and a MiG-31K regiment at the Black Sea Fleet.
    10-12 additional brigade sets "Bastion-M" + 2 air divisions with the "Dagger" complex can be formed in 4-5 years and is much cheaper than building naval surface and submarine divisions.
    1. +1
      February 21 2020
      If we are at war with the AUG, it means the 3rd World War .. And there is no sense in destroying the AUG for one simple reason, they will have nowhere to return to. So there will be no AUG raids to our shores, and therefore will allocate forces and funds to a non-existent threat ..
      1. +1
        February 21 2020
        The threat of ACG may be psychologically stronger than the abstract threat from the nuclear triad.
        1. +1
          February 21 2020
          What can the AUG threaten us with? This is a more abstract threat than from the triad .. Well, coastal communications will come bombing, and then what? Even if we stupidly go deeper into the continent .. But if the triad answers ... Then there will be nowhere to go but no one ..
  15. +5
    February 21 2020
    It is clear that the case is "dark"! An article on the theme of the song: "And who knows what he blinks, what he blinks and who knows!" You never know who wants something! Wanting is not harmful! I believe that the Kh-47M2 is a temporary ("intermediate") version, the purpose of which is to test the concept in practice! That is, the "Dagger" X-47M2 is a kind of "practical" demonstrator of the emerging "dream-idea" (concept ...)! In the future, the development of "dagger-2", practically, from "scratch" ... however, the use of proven technical solutions, "assemblies" from "Iskander" and other "products" is not excluded!
    1. +1
      February 21 2020
      Quote: SovAr238A
      Is the suspension unit placed there?
      And the elements of strengthening the center section?

      The Su-34 already has a standard suspension unit for something large, just where it is needed, in the middle, and the aircraft itself is specialized, "elements of strengthening the center section" for what?
  16. -1
    February 21 2020
    Absolutely competent, I believe, the decision to increase the dagger carriers. The resulting line of Mig-31K, Tu-22M3M, Tu-160M ​​/ M2 is the total killer of the adversary’s Navy. Moreover, the carcasses can guard the Ohio / Vengard / Triumfan SSBN in areas of possible deployment ... And if they detect the launch of the missiles, they will be able to get the carrier, possibly even before its full ballistic launch, since defeat can be within 10 minutes at the full range of the Dagger - 2000 km. In 10 minutes, Ohio may not yet release its main caliber, as they train volleys of 4 rockets and align the boat between these volleys, which takes time. Well, if our general staff knows in advance the location of the boats of potential partners, then the dagger carrier can be in a minute range and readiness.
  17. 0
    February 21 2020
    As RIA Novosti noted in 2018 with reference to a source in the military-industrial complex, the Tu-22M3 will be able to carry up to four Dagger missiles
    four is unlikely. Three - maybe still, but more real - two pieces.
    Tu-22M3 could take three X-22 missiles in overload (one under the consoles and one under the fuselage), but they flew mainly with two. The dagger is not much smaller and heavier. Four rockets - with a high probability of a fairy tale.

    Su-57 + "Dagger" - this option is even worse than the MiG-31 = Dagger. The rocket will not fit into the inner compartment, it will also have to be hooked under the belly. With all that it implies. I think that the talk "we will hang it under the Su-57 Dagger" is nothing more than PR
    1. 0
      February 21 2020
      Quote: Gregory_45
      I think that the talk "we will hang it under the Su-57 Dagger" is nothing more than PR

      If you find a way to remove the partition between the bomb compartments of the Su-57, then you can somehow push it there.
      Confused by one detail (see the image of the MiG-31 with the suspended "Dagger"), if, according to the condition of the problem, the center of gravity of the aircraft must coincide with the center of gravity of the suspended missile, it turns out that the center of gravity of the "Dagger" is very strongly shifted back, literally 1 / 4 of the total length of the rocket, the question is - can this be?
  18. 0
    February 22 2020
    Quote: bk0010
    Back in the 70s they taught (https://topwar.ru/36200-protivokorabelnye-ballisticheskie-rakety-dalnego-deystviya.html). It didn’t go into the series because of strategic offensive arms: they decided that a multi-headed ICBM was more useful than a cool anti-ship missile.

    Ballistic anti-ship missiles in the 70s had extremely low performance characteristics. Especially KVO. Therefore, our BKR was equipped with a charge of the megaton class. Now, in some countries, ideas have returned to this, but they cannot yet hit the driving targets. Neither the Chinese with their DF-21 variant, nor the Iranians with their "Persian Gulf"

    Quote: voyaka uh
    Until now, no radar has been installed on the BR.

    On the anti-ship version of the DF-21 is a radar. But its parameters do not allow it to recognize targets from a great height, and from a small rocket it does not have time to work out commands ... So the Chinese were forced to disavow statements that it was capable of hitting moving targets. Only ships in the base.

    Quote: agond
    Confused by one detail (see the image of the MiG-31 with the suspended "Dagger"), if, according to the condition of the problem, the center of gravity of the aircraft must coincide with the center of gravity of the suspended missile, it turns out that the center of gravity of the "Dagger" is very strongly shifted back, literally 1 / 4 of the total length of the rocket, the question is - can this be?

    The hardest part is the engine compartment. Accordingly, the DH is shifted back ....
  19. 0
    February 22 2020
    Quote: Operator
    aeroballistic missiles only from horizontal flight at subsonic speed - i.e. for a shorter range. Their purpose is to carry cruise missiles of the Zircon, Caliber-A and Kh-101/102 types.
    The launch range, or missile launch line, is determined not by the carrier’s speed but by the ability to fly the given distance according to the performance characteristics. If the dagger has a 2000 km flight range, then the launch line is approximately the same. The same 95 can drag the dagger to the launch line and go home after launch if according to the conditions of use, the speed of the carrier ensures the launch of the dagger. Most likely, Mig31 is selected because it has the required high speed for launching a dagger specifically, it is possible at subsonic speeds it is not possible to use due to technical Slovenia, such as starting a ramjet engine, etc.
  20. 0
    February 22 2020
    Quote: O. Bender
    The launch range, or the launch line of a rocket, is determined not by the speed of the carrier, but by the ability to fly it over a given distance according to the performance characteristics.

    The launch range is just determined by the speed of the carrier. In essence, such a complex is nothing more than a two-stage system, where the first stage is the carrier, the second stage is the rocket. And the speed is included in the performance characteristics of the product. You can hang the "Dagger" under the MIG-31, or under the same TU-95. The flight range of the product when launched from a MIG will be greater due to its speed and launch altitude, but the reach of the TU-95 will be higher. For he will be able to launch the Dagger not 700 km from the home airfield, but, for example, at a distance of 5000 km. But the flight range of the rocket itself, its speed and apogee of such a rocket will be less

    Quote: O. Bender
    If the dagger has a range of 2000 km, then the launch line is about the same.

    The flight range of the "Dagger" itself is shorter, about 1300 km (maximum). Another 700 km falls on the launch vehicle's exit to the launch line (subsonic and supersonic stages). But if his stages are shorter in terms of mileage, the speed and altitude are lower than with the maximum parameters, then the Dagger will fly away not 1300 km from the launch point, but closer

    Quote: O. Bender
    The same Tu95 can drag the dagger to the launch line and go home after the launch, if, according to the conditions of use, the speed of the carrier ensures the launch of the dagger.

    The launch is provided at any speed of the carrier aircraft. But at the same time the speed of the "Dagger" suffers, its apogee and, as a result, the flight range of the "Dagger" itself.

    Quote: O. Bender
    Most likely, Mig31 was selected because it has the necessary high speed for launching a dagger specifically, it is possible at subsonic speeds it is not possible to use due to technical conditions, for example, starting a ramjet engine, etc.

    The reason why the MIG was chosen is most likely because it can be painlessly upgraded to the Daggers carrier. Moreover, we do not know how many of them will be deployed. 10, like now, or 30-40. there is simply no such amount of TU-22M3. If out of 30 upgraded to the level of TU-22M3M one third is made carriers of "Daggers" - as bombers from it will probably be written off. ... The "Dagger" has no direct flow from the word at all. there is an ordinary rocket engine. so there are no technical obstacles to launching it at any speed - just no

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