Dagger carriers: MiG, Tu, and Su


Little what aviation the means of defeat causes such heated debate as "Dagger". For some, this is "unparalleled in the world" hypersonic weapon, and for someone - another "drank and drank." One thing is obvious: we have an air-based aeroballistic missile capable of developing hypersonic speed in certain parts of the flight. Having a high range and accuracy sufficient to destroy a large ship. However, we will not go into all the known details of the X-47M2. Moreover, attempts to evaluate the project have been repeatedly undertaken earlier. We’ll better talk about which planes they will use (or use now) as carriers for the complex.


MiG-31K


Complex status: in service.
Number of aircraft: at least ten.
Number of missiles: one.
Range of action: more than 2000 kilometers.


Based on the MiG-1964 that made its first flight back in 25, the MiG-31 is the only full-fledged Russian interceptor fighter. There are no alternatives to it, so now more than a hundred of these machines have been upgraded to the MiG-31BM standard - a relatively "modest" modernization against the background of what could have happened. But still. In this regard, the idea of ​​upgrading a part of the MiG-31 to the level of the MiG-31K (that is, the Dagger carrier) seems somewhat ambiguous.

The fact is that after modernization, the aircraft can no longer use standard long-range air-to-air weapons in the form of R-33 missiles. Which, recall, like the X-47M2, are hung on the external ventral holders. The previously presented images show that there are no familiar suspension points for R-33 class missiles on the plane, and a new suspension unit was developed specifically for the “Dagger”, which once again confirms the thesis about the very large mass of the product and the overall complexity of the system.

On the whole, the MiG-31 + X-47M2 combination looks like a necessary measure in which an aircraft of this type can only take one missile, while losing the opportunity to fulfill its main role - the interception of cruise missiles and bombers. Recall that in the United States and Europe they have long gone the other way - by miniaturizing aviation weapons, as well as integrating them into a wide variety of aviation systems. As for the advantages of the scheme chosen by Russia, the main one seems to be a very high interceptor speed: in the basic version, the machine can fly at a speed of more than 3000 kilometers per hour.

Be that as it may, the MiG-31K is now the only confirmed carrier for the Dagger. If we talk about the number of such vehicles, since December 2017, the MiG-31K squadron with “Daggers” has been on duty in the Southern Military District, and since April 2018, the MiG-31K has been operating regularly over the Black and Caspian Seas.

Tu-22M3 / M3M + "Dagger"


Complex status: not in service.
Number of aircraft: -
Number of missiles: up to four.
Range of action: more than 3000 kilometers.


The most logical carrier of the “Daggers” is the aircraft, which was originally created for similar purposes, namely the Tu-22M long-range bomber. We recall that it is capable of carrying X-22 cruise missile anti-ship missiles and Soviet aeroballistic X-15s that have already been withdrawn from service, the conditional analogue of which can be considered X-47M2. Recall that Russia has about fifty Tu-22M3: at least some of them are upgraded to the level of Tu-22M3M. The objective of modernization is to extend the life of the aircraft up to forty calendar years and give it the ability to use new aviation weapons, in particular, the X-32 cruise missiles.

As RIA noted in 2018News"With reference to a source in the military-industrial complex, the Tu-22M3 will be able to carry up to four Dagger missiles, which, of course, will require additional modernization.

“It will require a major modernization in terms of electronic equipment and strengthening the external suspension on which these missiles could be placed. Apparently, these moments will be worked out during the tests ”,

- said military expert Viktor Murakhovsky on this occasion.

A serious advantage of this solution is that the Tu-22M3 has a much more significant combat radius than the MiG-31. Among the shortcomings - perhaps the solid age of the bombers.

Tu-160M ​​/ M2 + "Dagger"


Complex status: not in service.
Number of aircraft: -
Number of missiles: unknown.
Range: unknown.


This car has recently attracted special media attention. Recall, on February 160, the first flight of the deeply modernized Tu-160M, which was created on the basis of the Tu-14 combatant bomber “Igor Sikorsky” (board number 160 “red”), completed its first flight. The car received a new on-board electronics. Newly built aircraft of the same configuration received the designation Tu-2MXNUMX.

The main intrigue is the armament of the aviation complex. Strategic bomber is traditionally seen as the carrier of cruise missiles X-101, and, possibly, promising X-BD. However, the "Dagger" also want to make part of the possible aviation weapons. “We are considering the possibility of installing dagger missiles on the Tu-160. The development of such an option should be completed this year, ”TASS said in 2020 a source in the military-industrial complex. However, without specifying any details.

Of course, the mass of the combat load of any Tu-160 is several times greater than the Tu-22M3 / M3M, which, together with a large radius of action, opens up unprecedented opportunities for the use of the X-47M2. However, the disadvantages, in general, remain the same. So, for example, even if the “Daggers” are placed in the internal compartments, the Tu-160 will be perfectly visible by US radars.

Su-57 + "Dagger"


Complex status: not in service.
Number of aircraft: -
Number of missiles: unknown.
Range: unknown.

In 2018, it became known about the idea to equip the new Russian fifth-generation fighter with the X-47M2 Dagger missile. True, it will be (if any) very soon.

“After 2030, this aircraft is planned to be considered as an aircraft carrier for the promising Dagger aviation complex,

- quoted the representative of the Russian Air Force RIA Novosti.

Obviously, the rocket is too large for placement in the internal compartments of the fighter. This means that the Su-57 will be able to carry the “Dagger” unless on external suspensions, which, of course, eliminates its main trump card - stealth.

In general, there are no big pluses if you choose the Su-57 as the carrier, since Russia (we were convinced of this above) has a wide range of very different air platforms, which would be much more logical to use for such a purpose.

By the way, in the media you can find data on the idea to equip a promising strategic bomber created with the PAK DA program with “hypersonic weapons”. However, without specifying a specific type of ammunition. Will the Dagger turn out to be this weapon? We will find out about that in the future.
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  1. Lamata 20 February 2020 18: 10 New
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    MDA, 50 pieces t 22m, little is left.
    1. Aerodrome 20 February 2020 18: 21 New
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      For some it’s a “hypersonic weapon” that has no analogues in the world, and for someone it’s another “drank and drank
      ". but for me it’s normal ... with our meager budget dragged away by “democrats” and “close associates.” it’s quite a solid “shnyaga.” able to sober up many Western partners "." arm "became not only" long "but also fast, without" quotation mark "and it warms the soul. After all, nobody is willing to die on the rotten west either. But here it is ... Poland is not mentioned at all, it is somewhere there ... between, and Germany .. there is such a gaddy one island from which all the stench goes ... here it is with his aristocratic food, he will feel our frustration from his politics ...
  2. Range 20 February 2020 18: 24 New
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    As long as there is a Mig-31 + Dagger, and the rest is speculation, it makes no sense to guess on the coffee grounds.
  3. swzero 20 February 2020 18: 36 New
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    If zircon will be adopted and modified for use with aircraft carriers, then the need for daggers will disappear. Another question is if the daggers have an AGSN for fighting ships, why it is not on the Iskander, this would at least use them as coastal missile systems.
    1. Kalmar 20 February 2020 21: 59 New
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      Quote: swzero
      if daggers have an AGSN to fight ships

      By the way, didn’t there come any information about the dagger’s tests on moving targets? And then something is unclear whether he knows how to ship in the end or not.
      1. max702 21 February 2020 00: 55 New
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        Quote: Kalmar
        Quote: swzero
        if daggers have an AGSN to fight ships

        By the way, didn’t there come any information about the dagger’s tests on moving targets? And then something is unclear whether he knows how to ship in the end or not.

        This is the most important question! The rest is technical details .. If it can on moving targets, then this completely reverses the database maintenance against the fleet ..
        1. Maks1995 21 February 2020 09: 06 New
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          On test rollers, shooting was
          1) on a fixed target on the ground
          2) on VO, I remember, some caught that the target was hit not by the Dagger, but by another missile ...
          1. voyaka uh 21 February 2020 19: 52 New
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            If the BR were taught to hit a moving target, then this
            there would be a world sensation. fellow
            And immediately, as unnecessary, the production of cruise missiles would cease
            1. bk0010 22 February 2020 00: 36 New
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              Back in the 70s they taught (https://topwar.ru/36200-protivokorabelnye-ballisticheskie-rakety-dalnego-deystviya.html). It didn’t go into the series because of strategic offensive arms: they decided that a multi-headed ICBM was more useful than a cool anti-ship missile.
              1. voyaka uh 22 February 2020 11: 12 New
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                The series did not go due to unsuccessful trials. AUG in the ocean is not a test
                barge in the pond. Until now, no radar has been installed on the BR.
                1. bk0010 22 February 2020 12: 57 New
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                  But what about Pershing 2 (at least)?
    2. Grigory_45 21 February 2020 21: 00 New
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      Quote: swzero
      Another question is if daggers have an AGSN

      for missiles of the Iskander-M complex the following GOS were developed:
      - radar correlation GOS, developed by TsNIIAG in the late 1980s on the subject of "Volga". The missile is guided by comparing a digital map of the area in the target area and the GOS radar data;
      - optical correlation GSN 9E436, developed by TsNIIAG (Moscow), the missile is guided by the reference image of the target
      - active radar GSN 9B918 - developed and produced by NPP Radar MMS as of 2009
  4. Thrifty 20 February 2020 18: 38 New
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    Ilya, a rocket either flies constantly at maximum speed if it is launched, or is in storage. A “dagger” is a hypersonic rocket, and flies with a speed of more than 5M, that is, a hypersonic rocket, constantly, and not for some reason you wrote “sometimes” By the way, they often write stupidity that the “Dagger” is a remake of Iskander, and so, it’s not corresponds to reality, because this missile was actually created from scratch, and its mass and size characteristics are simply inscribed in the capabilities of those aircraft that countries have available.
    1. Kalmar 20 February 2020 22: 03 New
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      Quote: Thrifty
      a rocket either flies constantly at maximum speed if it is launched, or is in storage. A “dagger” is a hypersonic rocket, and flies at a speed of over 5M, that is, hypersonic, constantly, and not for some reason you wrote “sometimes”

      "Dagger" - an aeroballistic missile, i.e. ballistic with air launch. And BRs just fly at a variable speed: they accelerate in the active area and fly further by inertia (losing speed). At the point of maximum acceleration, the speed can be higher than 5M, but already at the target - lower.

      Quote: Thrifty
      they write stupidity that the “Dagger” is a remake of the Iskander, and so, this is not true, because this rocket was actually created from scratch

      Where does this information come from? Is external identity random too?
    2. Grigory_45 21 February 2020 21: 07 New
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      Quote: Thrifty
      The dagger is a hypersonic missile, and flies at a speed of over 5M, that is, hypersonic, constantly

      no, not always. Dagger - aeroballistic missile, accelerated by the engine to max. speed, then flies by inertia along a ballistic trajectory. The Dagger (like Iskander) does not have an engine that constantly maintains hypersonic speed.
      Quote: Thrifty
      for some reason you wrote "sometimes"

      that is, sometimes - only on the active part of the trajectory.
      The speed at the target is 700-800 m / s (this is approximately 2500 - 2800 km / h)

      Quote: Thrifty
      often write stupidity that the “Dagger” is a remake of the Iskander, and so, this is not true, because this rocket is actually created from scratch

      where are the firewood from? Can you link?
  5. Voltsky 20 February 2020 18: 55 New
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    something tells me that the MiG-31 is not capable of landing with a rocket under its belly.
    1. Sergey Averchenkov 20 February 2020 19: 47 New
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      Stupidity. That is, planes drop a rocket before landing?
      1. Voltsky 20 February 2020 19: 59 New
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        I think they take off with a rocket in order to launch it somewhere, and not cut circles ... but I'm not sure, and my post is more a question than a statement.
        Just looked at the shashi.
        1. Sergey Averchenkov 20 February 2020 20: 13 New
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          Let me tell you, maybe they should work out fuel before landing? I still understand that.
          1. Voltsky 20 February 2020 20: 26 New
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            Shasi depreciation, when landing does not exactly hit ?! between the rocket and the ground about 0.5 meters or even less
            1. Sergey Averchenkov 20 February 2020 20: 34 New
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              How do I know? Guided by common sense. And I advise you. When landing, spoiling a rocket that costs ... A lot ... Well, it's just stupid.
              1. The comment was deleted.
  6. Maks1995 20 February 2020 18: 59 New
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    Grumpy, grumpy ...
    Little, liquid, Efficiency unknown ...

    And by the way, “Dagger” is a rework of “Iskander” or not? ???
    Most write that the alteration, and a minority - on the contrary ...
  7. Operator 20 February 2020 19: 07 New
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    Strictly speaking, the dagger’s only optimal carrier is the steel MiG-31, capable of launching an aeroballistic missile at maximum range during cabling at supersonic speeds.

    Tu-22 and Tu-160 bombers are capable of launching aeroballistic missiles only from horizontal flight at subsonic speed - i.e. to a shorter range. Their purpose is to be carriers of Zircon, Caliber-A and X-101/102 cruise missiles.

    And the MiG-31 missile carriers with a total number of about 250 units are already fully equipped as carriers for Daggers, anti-satellite missiles, ultra-long-range air-to-air missiles and space launch vehicles for nanosatellites placed at the fuselage suspension point and launched from cabling onto supersonic speed.
    1. Ka-52 21 February 2020 05: 19 New
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      capable of launching an aeroballistic missile at maximum range in the process of cabling at supersonic speed.

      Heavy missiles do not start from X-22 to modern ones with cabriolet. This does not make sense and is not allowed under the regulations.
  8. helmi8 20 February 2020 19: 11 New
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    Recall that Russia has about fifty Tu-22M3: at least some of them are upgraded to the level of Tu-22M3M. The objective of modernization is to extend the life of the aircraft to forty calendar years and empower it with the ability to use new aviation weapons

    This is all that the author writes about - is implementation of improvements, because it is performed on aircraft in operation.
    Modernization of aircraft is carried out by factories in subsequent series taking into account the experience of combat work and the operation of aircraft.
  9. Sergey Averchenkov 20 February 2020 19: 43 New
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    It seems to me that the Tu22 would be an ideal carrier. But I'm not a constructor, it's not for me to decide.
  10. rosomaha 20 February 2020 20: 23 New
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    why not consider the option of deploying Iskander SD (ancestor of the Dagger) on diesel submarines in vertical launchers. A new type of submarine based on the new Warsaw or Lad. Add rocket compartment to 6-8 UR. And they will rummage around the Baltic and the Black Sea. Although with regard to the Baltic, the fleet there needs to be easy to keep. And to develop high-speed ... vessels on the VP, ekranoplans and the like. The Gulf of Pts is easy to block with mines. Accordingly, such vessels will be worn over the water surface at high speeds. And classic corvettes and missile boats could go through the internal rivers and canals to the north or the Black Sea. Already a very uncomfortable geographic location in our Baltic.
  11. Pavel57 20 February 2020 20: 58 New
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    On the MiG-31 it would be nice to leave the radar with the ability to carry R-77 missiles under the wing. Although limited, the ability to complete interception tasks has lagged behind.
    1. agond 20 February 2020 22: 01 New
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      A “dagger” is placed between the Su-34 and Su-35 engines, and not only them, and the clearance between the rocket and the take-off is greater than in the case of the MiG-31,
      1. SovAr238A 21 February 2020 01: 04 New
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        Quote: agond
        A “dagger” is placed between the Su-34 and Su-35 engines, and not only them, and the clearance between the rocket and the take-off is greater than in the case of the MiG-31,


        Is the suspension unit placed there?
        And the elements of strengthening the center section?
        And the dagger itself, which with fixed surfaces, also fits in the presence of a suspension unit, similar to the Mig-31BM2
        1. Grigory_45 21 February 2020 21: 21 New
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          Quote: SovAr238A
          Is the suspension unit placed there?

          easy. There is enough space between the nacelles.

          Quote: SovAr238A
          And the elements of strengthening the center section?

          Is it just that Dryers dragged something heavy under the fuselage, but the MiG-31? What did he lift heavier than four R-37 ???
          It seems that it was his glider that required strengthening and organizing a powerful suspension unit. Dry ones under the fuselage could carry KAB-1500, Mosquitoes, now wearing Bramosa.
  12. The Siberian barber 20 February 2020 22: 11 New
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    I am proud, for our military-industrial complex, that he managed to create an outstanding rocket, based on what was stated. BUT, I couldn’t find an answer anywhere to the constantly spinning, in my head, the question: “what will give tsu, this rocket?”
    1. Pavel57 21 February 2020 01: 21 New
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      When attacking an AUG, there is no answer.
      TsU at attack of motionless targets - satellites and inertial systems.
      1. The Siberian barber 21 February 2020 09: 40 New
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        Of course, I meant the RCC variant
        1. voyaka uh 21 February 2020 19: 56 New
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          None. The targets are laid in the rocket before launch.
          The plane must launch the dagger from a strictly defined point,
          then it hits the target. If the pilot starts it either earlier or later,
          then the dagger will miss.
  13. Zaurbek 20 February 2020 22: 29 New
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    Why touch the Su57? There is a mass of Su27x, Su30x
  14. storm 20 February 2020 23: 46 New
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    While Russia does not have and in the next 15 years it is not expected to create powerful naval strike groups capable of destroying 4-5 AUGs in the North and Vostok directions and 2-3 AUGs from the Mediterranean side all hope for Bastion coastal missile systems -M "with long-range Onyx-M and hypersonic Zircon and air strike groups.
    On the Northern Fleet and Pacific Fleet, it is necessary to form aviation divisions with the Dagger complex (each division has two MiG-31K regiments and Tu-22M3M regiments), and on the Black Sea Fleet the MiG-31K regiment.
    10-12 additional brigade sets "Bastion-M" + 2 air divisions with the complex "Dagger" can be formed in 4-5 years and much cheaper than the construction of naval surface and underwater divisions.
    1. max702 21 February 2020 01: 00 New
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      If we are at war with the AUG, it means the 3rd World War .. And there is no sense in destroying the AUG for one simple reason, they will have nowhere to return to. So there will be no AUG raids to our shores, and therefore will allocate forces and funds to a non-existent threat ..
      1. Pavel57 21 February 2020 01: 19 New
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        The threat of ACG may be psychologically stronger than the abstract threat from the nuclear triad.
        1. max702 21 February 2020 09: 01 New
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          What can the AUG threaten us with? This is a more abstract threat than from the triad .. Well, coastal communications will come bombing, and then what? Even if we stupidly go deeper into the continent .. But if the triad answers ... Then there will be nowhere to go but no one ..
  15. Nikolaevich I 21 February 2020 04: 50 New
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    It is clear that the case is "dark"! An article on the motive of the song: "And who knows, why he blinks, what he blinks and who knows!" Who knows what they “want”! Wanting is not harmful! I believe that the X-47M2 is a temporary ("intermediate") option, the purpose of which is a practical test of the concept! That is, the “Dagger” of the X-47M2 is a kind of “practical” demonstrator of the emerging “dream-idea” (concept ...)! In the future, the development of "dagger-2", practically from scratch ... however, the use of proven technical solutions, "assembly units" from Iskander and other "products" is not ruled out!
    1. agond 21 February 2020 09: 15 New
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      Quote: SovAr238A
      Is the suspension unit placed there?
      And the elements of strengthening the center section?

      On the Su-34 there is already a full-time suspension unit for something large, just where it is necessary, in the middle, and the aircraft itself is specialized, “elements of center-wing reinforcement” for what?
  16. Tektor 21 February 2020 11: 32 New
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    Absolutely competent, I believe, the decision to increase the dagger carriers. The resulting line of Mig-31K, Tu-22M3M, Tu-160M ​​/ M2 is the total killer of the adversary’s Navy. Moreover, the carcasses can guard the Ohio / Vengard / Triumfan SSBN in areas of possible deployment ... And if they detect the launch of the missiles, they will be able to get the carrier, possibly even before its full ballistic launch, since defeat can be within 10 minutes at the full range of the Dagger - 2000 km. In 10 minutes, Ohio may not yet release its main caliber, as they train volleys of 4 rockets and align the boat between these volleys, which takes time. Well, if our general staff knows in advance the location of the boats of potential partners, then the dagger carrier can be in a minute range and readiness.
  17. Grigory_45 21 February 2020 20: 49 New
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    As RIA Novosti noted in 2018 with reference to a source in the military-industrial complex, the Tu-22M3 will be able to carry up to four Dagger missiles
    four is unlikely. Three - maybe still, but more real - two pieces.
    Tu-22M3 could take three X-22 missiles in overload (one under the consoles and one under the fuselage), but they flew mainly with two. The dagger is not much smaller and heavier. Four rockets - with a high probability of a fairy tale.

    Su-57 + "Dagger" - this option is even worse than the MiG-31 = Dagger. The rocket will not fit into the internal compartment, it will also have to be hooked under the belly. With all the consequences. I think that the talkers "hang under the Su-57 Dagger" - nothing more than a PR
    1. agond 21 February 2020 21: 51 New
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      Quote: Gregory_45
      I think that the talkers "hang under the Su-57 Dagger" - nothing more than a PR

      If you find a way to remove the partition between the bomb compartments of the Su-57, then you can somehow push it there.
      I was confused by one detail. (We look at the Mig-31 image with a suspended “Dagger”), if according to the condition of the task the center of gravity of the aircraft should coincide with the center of gravity of the suspended rocket, then it turns out that the “Dagger” has its center of gravity very backward, literally 1 / 4 of the total length of the rocket, the question is - can this be?
  18. Old26 22 February 2020 15: 49 New
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    Quote: bk0010
    Back in the 70s they taught (https://topwar.ru/36200-protivokorabelnye-ballisticheskie-rakety-dalnego-deystviya.html). It didn’t go into the series because of strategic offensive arms: they decided that a multi-headed ICBM was more useful than a cool anti-ship missile.

    Ballistic RCC in the 70s had extremely low performance characteristics. Especially KVO. Therefore, our BPCR was equipped with a megaton class charge. Now in some countries they have returned to this idea, but so far they cannot hit moving targets. Neither the Chinese with their DF-21 variant, nor the Iranians with their Persian Gulf

    Quote: voyaka uh
    Until now, no radar has been installed on the BR.

    On the anti-ship version of the DF-21 is a radar. But its parameters do not allow it to recognize targets from a great height, and from a small rocket it does not have time to work out commands ... So the Chinese were forced to disavow statements that it was capable of hitting moving targets. Only ships in the base.

    Quote: agond
    I was confused by one detail. (We look at the Mig-31 image with a suspended “Dagger”), if according to the condition of the task the center of gravity of the aircraft should coincide with the center of gravity of the suspended rocket, then it turns out that the “Dagger” has its center of gravity very backward, literally 1 / 4 of the total length of the rocket, the question is - can this be?

    The hardest part is the engine compartment. Accordingly, the DH is shifted back ....
  19. O. Bender 22 February 2020 16: 43 New
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    Quote: Operator
    aeroballistic missiles only from horizontal flight at subsonic speed - i.e. to a shorter range. Their purpose is to be carriers of Zircon, Caliber-A and X-101/102 cruise missiles.
    The launch range, or missile launch line, is determined not by the carrier’s speed but by the ability to fly the given distance according to the performance characteristics. If the dagger has a 2000 km flight range, then the launch line is approximately the same. The same 95 can drag the dagger to the launch line and go home after launch if according to the conditions of use, the speed of the carrier ensures the launch of the dagger. Most likely, Mig31 is selected because it has the required high speed for launching a dagger specifically, it is possible at subsonic speeds it is not possible to use due to technical Slovenia, such as starting a ramjet engine, etc.
  20. Old26 22 February 2020 20: 36 New
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    Quote: O. Bender
    The launch range, or the launch line of a rocket, is determined not by the speed of the carrier, but by the ability to fly it over a given distance according to the performance characteristics.

    The launch range is just determined by the speed of the carrier. In essence, such a complex is nothing more than a two-stage system, where the first stage is the carrier, the second stage is the rocket. And the speed is laid in the performance characteristics of the product. You can hang the "Dagger" under the MIG-31, or you can under the same TU-95. The flight range of the product at launch from the MIG will be greater due to its speed and launch height, but the reach of the TU-95 will be higher. For he will be able to launch the "Dagger" not 700 km from the airfield, but, for example, at a distance of 5000 km. But the flight range of the rocket itself, its speed and apogee of such a rocket will be less

    Quote: O. Bender
    If the dagger has a range of 2000 km, then the launch line is about the same.

    The flight range of the "Dagger" itself is less, about 1300 km (maximum). Another 700 km falls on the carrier exit to the launch line (subsonic and supersonic stages). But if his stages are shorter in mileage, speed and altitude are lower than at maximum parameters, then the “Dagger” will fly away not 1300 km from the launch point, but closer

    Quote: O. Bender
    The same Tu95 can drag the dagger to the launch line and go home after the launch, if, according to the conditions of use, the speed of the carrier ensures the launch of the dagger.

    Start is provided at any speed of the carrier aircraft. But at the same time, the speed of the “Dagger” suffers, its climax and, as a result, the flight range of the “Dagger” itself

    Quote: O. Bender
    Most likely, Mig31 was selected because it has the necessary high speed for launching a dagger specifically, it is possible at subsonic speeds it is not possible to use due to technical conditions, for example, starting a ramjet engine, etc.

    The reason why the MIG is most likely chosen is that it can be painlessly upgraded to the Dagger carrier. Moreover, we do not know how many will be deployed. 10, as it is now, or 30-40. there is simply no such amount of TU-22M3. If one out of 30 upgraded to the TU-22M3M level makes one third the carriers of the “Daggers” - you can probably write them off as bombers. . The “Dagger” does not have a direct forward from the word at all. there is an ordinary rocket engine. so there are simply no technical obstacles to launching it at any speed