Medium Sea Tanker Project 23130


Photo: forums.airbase.ru Medium-sized marine tanker of project 23130 “Academic Pashin”


On January 21, 2020, in a solemn ceremony, the auxiliary flag was raised fleet Russian Navy on a new support ship - the medium-sized marine tanker Akademik Pashin. From this day on, the tanker of project 23130 is officially part of the Northern Fleet. Vice Admiral Alexander Moiseev, the commander of the Russian Northern Fleet, took part in the flag-raising ceremony. According to the admiral, the fleet represented by the medium tanker of project 23130 received a universal logistics support vessel. This ship will significantly expand the possibilities of using the surface forces of the Northern Fleet in the World Ocean far from permanent basing points.

Medium Sea Tanker Akademik Pashin


The average marine supply tanker Akademik Pashin was built at the shipyard in Shlisselburg (Leningrad Region) at the facilities of the Nevsky Shipbuilding and Shiprepairing Plant (NSSZ). The supply ship project was created by specialists of Spetssudoproekt CJSC from St. Petersburg. The main field of activity of the company is military shipbuilding and shipbuilding. The new auxiliary fleet ship was originally designed and built under the state contract in the interests of the Russian Defense Ministry.

The medium-sized marine tanker, named Akademik Pashin, became the first ship of Project 23130. It is already known that five more serial ships of the same project will be later built for the Russian Navy. Sergei Epifanov, a senior official from the Department of Transport Support of the Russian Ministry of Defense, has already spoken about the military’s plans to build a series of such tankers. According to him, the decision to build another five marine tankers has already been made. According to Epifanov, in 2024 another ship built according to project 23130 will be handed over to the Northern Fleet of Russia. According to experts, this tanker currently has no analogues in Russia.


The first ship built under the project 23130 was named "Academician Pashin" in honor of the famous Russian shipbuilding engineer Valentin Mikhailovich Pashin. Valentin Pashin - Hero of the Russian Federation, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences. For more than two decades, he headed the Central Research Institute named after Academician A.N. Krylov. Valentin Pashin is the author of more than 150 scientific publications on the design of ships, as well as a huge number of inventions. After the death of the designer in 2013, the square in St. Petersburg was named after him, and later the average marine tanker of the auxiliary fleet was named after him.

Hard way to the fleet


January 21, 2020, in fact, ended история Another Russian naval long-term construction. The ship, like the ships of many other projects, suffered from the sanctions imposed on Russia. Initially, the main power plant of a medium-sized marine tanker was to include diesel engines of the Finnish industrial company Wartsila. A substantial part of the auxiliary equipment on the ship also had to be imported. After 2014, such deliveries were impossible, the result is a significant lag behind the contract terms. The ship was built three years longer.

For the first time, plans to build a series of tankers on the basis of project 23130 developed by specialists of the St. Petersburg CJSC Spetsudoproekt became known in early 2013. The contract for the construction of a medium sea tanker of project 23130 was signed on November 1, 2013, the contract cost in 2014 prices amounted to 2,978 billion rubles. The construction of the first ship at the Nevsky Shipbuilding and Shiprepairing Plant began in February 2014 with the acquisition and cutting of metal, the laying of the ship took place in April of the same year.


Photo: forums.airbase.ru

According to the initial plans, the launching of the vessel was supposed to take place in July 2015, and the completion of all necessary factory running, as well as state tests, was scheduled for October 2016, with the subsequent transfer of the ship to the customer on November 25, 2016. However, in fact, the construction of the ship took place with almost a three-year delay from the original terms stipulated in the contract. The tanker was launched on May 26, 2016, factory sea trials, which were carried out in Lake Ladoga, began in May 2018, and the ship arrived in Murmansk to complete the final stage of state testing only on July 22, 2019.

January 21, 2020 in the history of the construction of the ship was put an end. The ship was finally handed over to the customer and included in the Russian fleet. One can only hope that the construction of subsequent ships of the series will not be accompanied by such a time lag. All the prerequisites for the next five tankers of Project 23130 to be built on time are currently there.

Technical characteristics of the tankers of project 23130


The new auxiliary fleet ship is a medium single-deck marine tanker with a bulbous bow and transom aft tip, with tank and utah superstructures. It is worth noting that the nasal bulb (from the French word bulbe, bulb) is an important part of the vessel located below the waterline and having a convex ellipsoid shape. Bulb is an important part of large ships, it changes the direction of water flow throughout the hull, reducing resistance, which in turn directly affects the increase in sailing range, fuel economy and increase speed. According to modern estimates, the nasal bulb provides a gain in fuel economy of about 12-15 percent compared to vessels without it. In turn, transom stern is characteristic of all tankers, this type of stern involves a flat section in the underwater part, straight lines in plan and vertical plane.


In the freight area tanks implemented double steel case. The cargo hold on tankers of project 23130 is located in the middle of the ship, the living superstructure and the engine room are in the aft. The heart of the ship is a single-shaft diesel power plant, developing a maximum power of up to 9500 kW (approximately 12 hp). To improve maneuverability, the ship has a bow thruster. The capacity of the main power plant is enough to disperse a ship with a total displacement of about 900 tons to a speed of 12 knots.

The deadweight of the ship is approximately 9000 tons with draft on the cargo waterline. The tanker reaches 130 meters in length, the ship is up to 21,5 meters wide, and the largest draft is about 7 meters. The autonomy of the medium sea tanker of Project 23130 in terms of provisions and drinking water is approximately 60 days. Maximum cruising range 8000 nautical miles. Residential and office premises for the crew of the tanker, as well as passengers, are in the aft residential cabin, the total number of seats on board the ship is 36 (24 people - a permanent crew + up to 12 seconded guests).

Opportunities for tankers of project 23130


According to the official website of the manufacturer, the average marine tanker of project 23130 has an unlimited navigation area. Independent navigation of the ship in areas of the non-Arctic seas is unlimited. The ship itself corresponds to the Arc 4 ice reinforcement category. This ice class guarantees the average sea tanker the possibility of independent sailing in rarefied annual Arctic ice with a thickness of up to 0,8 meters in summer-autumn and up to 0,6 meters in winter-spring navigation. Also, a tanker can sail in the canal behind the icebreaker in annual Arctic ice up to 1 meter thick in summer-autumn navigation and up to 0,7 meter in winter-spring. Thus, in summer-autumn navigation, the ship can independently sail in the Barents Sea.


The main purpose of the medium sea tanker of project 23130 is the reception, storage, transportation and transfer of various liquid cargoes for the fleet, in the first place: naval fuel oil, diesel fuel, engine oil, aviation kerosene, and fresh water. It is also possible to transport dry goods, including various technical and skipper property, food stocks. In order to ensure safety and for localization in the event of accidents of oil and oil products spills, there is an emergency boom on board the ship, the total length of which is from 200 to 400 meters.

The new Russian tanker received all the necessary equipment and devices for transferring both liquid and dry cargoes to ships and vessels at sea. In this case, the transfer process is possible wake and traverse method directly on the go. In one trip, an average marine tanker of project 23130 can take up to 3 thousand tons of fuel oil, 2,5 thousand tons of diesel fuel, 500 tons of aviation kerosene, 150 tons of lubricating oil, up to 1000 tons of fresh water, as well as 100 tons of food and various equipment and spare parts .

During successful state trials, the new Northern Fleet tanker confirmed its improved tactical and technical characteristics, as well as enhanced capabilities for transferring liquid and dry cargoes to Russian surface fleet combat ships directly to the sea. According to Vice Admiral Alexander Moisev, during the tests, the tanker first made the simultaneous refueling of three warships at once. Tanker tests were carried out in 2019 in the Barents Sea and were recognized as fully successful.
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  1. Lamata 4 February 2020 18: 12 New
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    A tanker is good.
    1. antivirus 4 February 2020 19: 27 New
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      1 refueling Kuznetsov?
    2. Fizik M April 3 2020 07: 41 New
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      In this case, it’s very bad, because it’s not a fleet cue tanker, but a corruption pricelist, the price tag more than the Baltic factory has built an ocean cue tanker for the Indian Navy
  2. seti 4 February 2020 18: 12 New
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    A very necessary type of vessels, but the speed of their commissioning is scary. Suja supplies are also needed as combat units.
    1. Fizik M April 3 2020 07: 41 New
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      Such troughs nafig nafig
  3. Pattor 4 February 2020 18: 36 New
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    I am glad that the process has begun. And then there was nothing comparable launched into the water.
    1. Fizik M April 3 2020 07: 46 New
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      This is not a process, but a sawmill
      The project with 404 (IIB) the loot was twisted through the office of the boss of which suddenly Antoshka Sobolevsky, ex. The head of the department of NK DOGOZ, which urgently dumped at the beginning of 2014, through which EVERYTHING and all the attendants were spinning on surface shipbuilding from the mid 2000s
  4. tima_ga 4 February 2020 19: 21 New
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    Here, 500 tons of kerosene seems to be not much, but for our needs it is quite enough. Not only for ship helicopters, but also suitable for Kuznetsov. And we don’t need more yet.
    1. Fizik M April 3 2020 07: 47 New
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      It is very small.
  5. stoqn477 4 February 2020 19: 25 New
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    up to 12 seconded guests

    Suitcases as they say in our country.
    1. Lexeich 4 February 2020 19: 34 New
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      And what kind of diesel did they install on it?
      1. Terran 4 February 2020 21: 05 New
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        The same as expected Wartsila 8L32E two on one shaft. EDC is the same as Wartsila.
        The author is not quite visible in the subject. There, due to the sanctions, the problems were not with them, but mainly with the powerful Marflex submersible pumps, but still they got them by workarounds a little overpaying.
        1. Alexey RA 5 February 2020 12: 51 New
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          Quote: Terran
          The same as expected Wartsila 8L32E two on one shaft. EDC is the same as Wartsila.

          Finns ... Finns never change. smile
          These guys even during the time of KOKOM managed to work calmly with our Navy. And not only with him - one story with the creation of “Worlds” is worth it when the Finns created a one-day company for the production of unique deep-sea vehicles and closed it at the request of the Americans, but only after the products were delivered to the customer.
          1. Terran 10 February 2020 10: 45 New
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            The Finns are no longer the same ... At least Wartsila - this applies both to quality (there were very big problems with the summing reducer and not only), and to the approach to business - when they themselves had previously decided issues to make a profit.
            And for the next steamboats Wartsila has already refused to supply ... So, for reference - on the following orders it is supposed to replace everything that Wartsila supplied: 2GD, reducer, valoliniya, VRSh, shaft generator, 2 VDG ... This is like another project)
        2. Fizik M April 3 2020 07: 47 New
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          Nichrome yourself "a little"
  6. UVB
    UVB 4 February 2020 19: 51 New
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    According to Vice Admiral Alexander Moisev, during the tests, the tanker first made the simultaneous refueling of three warships at once.
    Why for the first time?
    1. Terran 4 February 2020 21: 09 New
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      On photo large a marine tanker such as Boris Butoma, and pr.23130 is medium.
      Or meant for the first time for him)
      1. Vladimir_2U 5 February 2020 03: 43 New
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        Yes, and it is not clear, "Admiral Pashinin" or "Academician Pashinin"?
        a new support ship - the middle sea tanker Admiral Pashinin

        tanker named “Academician Pashin”

        And yet, I am confused by the very low freeboard with full VI, in analogs it is noticeably higher, with a similar architecture.
        1. Poppy 5 February 2020 14: 40 New
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          Academician Pashin
        2. The comment was deleted.
        3. Terran 10 February 2020 10: 52 New
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          Obviously, of course, the higher the board, the better - but the storm passed normally.
          1. 955535 10 February 2020 18: 07 New
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            Yeah. It only reset all electrical insulation of all deck mechanisms and cargo pumps, broke the rafts on the forecastle and mutilated the skimmer view.
            1. Terran 11 February 2020 15: 09 New
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              Falling insulation resistance for deck devices is common after storms. Although, of course, you need to understand it - either the termination (sleeves / terminals on the core) is standard, and not tight as required by OST5.6066, or the equipment declared IP ... Most likely, the pumps, I doubt that the control system insulation drops as well.
              With rafts, it is also a common thing that they are generally torn down and lost, although, of course, you need to fight this, but you can’t move the location very much.
              The reel should be stored with coiled hoses in the skimmer’s room according to the documentation, and installed on the foundation only when used - this is not its “traveling” location, see document 23130.360062.070 - so this is a disorder of the team, not hiding it before the storm, especially since room skimmer place is.
              1. 955535 11 February 2020 17: 45 New
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                These are far from all comments on seafaring. A lot of them.
                1. Fizik M April 3 2020 07: 51 New
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                  In short - the fleet needs another project.
                  The problem is that it is not the fleet that orders the DTO of the Russian Federation
                  1. Terran April 9 2020 10: 43 New
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                    If the fleet itself does not know what kind of warships it needs, then what claims to the cart (support vessel) that they put in front of the horse? Moreover, the requirements were made by the native marine “academics” of shipwreckers and even changed them during construction, with an helipad no longer needed (without landing), with experiments to test new requirements for SCM, ACS and other things (even from laser rangefinders for mooring fought back) with a bunch of new equipment according to Supplement No. 2 to TK, etc.
                    The fact that certain people drank money on this steamboat is one thing (3 billion at the prices of 2014 is inadequate, of course), but that he left the plant itself (the director who signed it on New Year’s 2014 not even wishing everyone a “good mood”) at a loss is another. The fact that he redid the entire technical project ("G" from the IIB) and designed the worker of the design bureau of the plant and he himself agreed with DOGOZ and shipwreckers is the third. But directly assessing compliance with the really required parameter is another.
                    Maxim, let me ask you a question. What squadrons of what composition and for what tasks are we supposed to build. And, accordingly, what kind of support vessels are needed for them (if at all necessary for the tasks), how many and parameters (at least roughly in speed, displacement, cargo mix and volumes, number of unloading points on the go). And what is the order of construction of the bookmark (as for me, it’s so illogical to build so many auxiliary vessels for the Navy with such a critical shortage of ships).
                    1. Fizik M April 10 2020 12: 55 New
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                      I am now making a concept paper on a promising Navy with concretization up to TTT. The public version of this dock will be published
    2. Talgat 148 5 February 2020 06: 20 New
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      What a beauty! Saved TAKRs, and even brought to mind the Yak-141! Kuznetsov had a brother ...
  7. The leader of the Redskins 4 February 2020 20: 10 New
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    In any case, congratulations to our sailors and wish them seven feet under the keel!)
  8. Alexander Sosnitsky 4 February 2020 21: 15 New
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    Bulba in Belarusian and Ukrainian, and therefore in Old Russian it is a potato or something boiled, maybe onion. Why in French, when it came to them from us.
  9. 955535 4 February 2020 21: 59 New
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    During the testing of the tanker project 23130, many design flaws and shortcomings were identified. The tanker itself was accepted into the Navy, taking into account the fact that by April the Nevsky Shipyard will remake the stern cargo transfer device.
    The project should not be allowed into the series. Firstly, serious improvements are required; secondly, it is not clear how to replace imported components. The statement about the series is nothing more than populism.
    1. Serg65 5 February 2020 13: 26 New
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      Quote: 955535
      During the test

      laughing Maxim, you are not fixable!
      1. 955535 5 February 2020 14: 28 New
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        This is not my call sign.
        1. Serg65 5 February 2020 14: 44 New
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          laughing Well, yes ... I understand! Eustace to Alex!
          1. 955535 5 February 2020 14: 54 New
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            Continue Observation (c)
            1. Serg65 5 February 2020 14: 57 New
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              No, sleep well ... bye laughing
              1. 955535 5 February 2020 15: 10 New
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                Have a nice one you too...
                Call me simple, Elvis Presley, songwriter (s)
                1. Fizik M April 3 2020 07: 56 New
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                  Greetings, colleague!
                  Do not pay attention, this is another attack of woodpecker
      2. Fizik M April 3 2020 07: 53 New
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        Monsieur, you are your usual knock - knock knock do not forget
    2. Fizik M April 3 2020 07: 52 New
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      Exactly so, and most importantly, this is a deliberate nedomer, because of the limited size of the slipway of the plant on which they saw
  10. Brylevsky 5 February 2020 04: 49 New
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    Quote: Vladimir_2U
    And yet, I am confused by the very low freeboard with full VI, in analogs it is noticeably higher, with a similar architecture.

    This is a feature of small tankers + legacy of the norms of the Maritime Register of the USSR. The freeboard is not a "thing in itself" - it is obtained in such a way according to the design calculations of stability and unsinkability, which are normalized by the governing documents. So the freeboard height is a function. And the argument is the shoulder of the restoring moment, if we are talking about static stability, or the work of the restoring moment, if we are talking about the stability of the dynamic.
    Now in a simple way. Any tanker carries liquid cargo, this is an axiom. Any liquid cargo can impair the stability of the vessel, and here's why. As long as the cargo tank is pressed with liquid (water, fuel, "chemistry", etc.) to 95 - 98% of its volume, there is no movement of cargo when the vessel is rocking in such a tank. Such a tank is conditionally considered to be filled with “solid cargo” and this convention does not significantly affect stability calculation. As cargo is consumed at sea (will the tanker distribute cargo fuel?), A "free surface" appears in the tank. And it’s very, very bad ... Because the liquid flows due to the free surface to the side of inclination and creates - attention! - additional heeling moment. Thus, a liquid with a free surface impairs the stability of the vessel, and significantly. Considering how much cargo tanks have (hello, moment of inertia!) And a relatively small displacement of a tanker with such a deadweight (hello, transverse metacentric radius!), All this together can lead to the fact that a tanker with such a deadweight can roll over during a severe storm. Once I was a cadet and I was taught that: "from the loss of buoyancy, ships die hours and even days; from the loss of stability, ships die in seconds." So, to prevent this from happening, the Standards of stability were invented.
    Now, if in a very simple way ... The deeper a small displacement vessel sits in the water (and the lower its freeboard), the better it resists the effects of dynamically applied heeling moment. For example, from a wind squall directed directly to the side during pitching.
    Our standards of stability are the most stringent in the world. For different reasons. This is the legacy of the war, and the autumn sea in the Far East ... The "bourgeoisie" have much milder norms, isn't it
    in analogs it is noticeably higher, with a similar architecture.
    1. Looking for 5 February 2020 16: 13 New
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      Your "knowledge" is akin to primitive concepts. I advise you to start with the concept of "metacentric height." By the way. Ships with inclined "pipes" float faster than ships with "straight" pipes. Because they have less aerodynamic drag. That's your level.
      1. Brylevsky 6 February 2020 03: 32 New
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        I advise you to start with the concept of "metacentric height"

        I assure you that it is familiar to me. I work as an old-timer on a dry cargo ship, and I am involved in the lifting of various heavy cargoes from water up to 120 tons inclusive. There, if you do not understand what GM is, then you can turn your own ship and kill people ...
        Your "knowledge" is akin to primitive concepts.

        Concepts for the boys in the zone. I have knowledge and experience. And what about you, I do not know. But it's easy to check, right? Since you are such a champion of the concept of metacentric height, please answer a simple question: what is the difference between h. from h 0 (just don’t say that you don’t understand what I mean). And please solve a simple problem:
        The displacement of the vessel is 7500 tons, its KG = 6.54 m, GM = 1.02 m. A cargo weighing 45 tons is located in the hold on the second bottom deck, at a distance of 1.90 m from the keel. Question: how far does the ship’s DH move, and what will be its KG and GM if the cargo is lifted by a ship crane, the night of which will be 24 meters from the keel?
        Answer these simple questions - I will communicate with you as with myself; Do not answer - well ... "search and find." Before embarking on the study of transverse metacentric height, one first studies Archimedes' law and Euler's theorem. This is what the cart in front of the horse did not go ...
  11. Brylevsky 5 February 2020 04: 56 New
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    Quote: Alexander Sosnitsky
    Why in French when it came to them from us

    Since Peter 1 has come. Our marine terminology consists entirely of foreign words, take at least the designation of the sides of the horizon. And we still didn’t look into sea navigation ...
  12. VicktorVR 5 February 2020 06: 52 New
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    this type of feed involves a flat cut in the underwater


    I did not see a flat cut in the underwater part ...
    1. 955535 5 February 2020 12: 48 New
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      This is a flat cut in the brains of the author of this illiterate opus.
      1. Terran 10 February 2020 11: 13 New
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        Caution! Incredible "underwater flat cut " )))
        1. 955535 10 February 2020 18: 04 New
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          I saw this ship not only in the photo
          1. Terran 10 February 2020 20: 42 New
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            Why are you doing this? Many people saw him not only in the photo. Including commenting.
            1. Fizik M April 3 2020 07: 57 New
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              To what he writes in the case
  13. Poppy 5 February 2020 14: 38 New
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    Wärtsil engines on it and stand
  14. Looking for 5 February 2020 16: 02 New
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    It is worth noting that the bow bulb (from the French word bulbe, bulb) is an important part of the vessel located below the waterline and having a convex ellipsoid shape. Bulb is an important part of large ships, it changes the direction of water flow throughout the hull, reducing drag, which in turn directly affects the increase in sailing range, fuel economy and increase speed. According to modern estimates, the nasal bulb provides a gain in fuel economy of about 12-15 percent compared to vessels without it. In turn, transom stern is characteristic of all tankers, this type of stern involves a flat section in the underwater part, straight lines in plan and vertical plane. AUTHOR. WHOM ARE YOU WRITING ??? FOR UZBEK COTTON PROCESSES ??