Military Review

New MRA-O intelligence and control vehicle

36
A few days ago, a list of well-known domestic military equipment was added to another type. On July 17, the Military-Patriotic Site “Courage” published the first information on the combat vehicle, designated as the “Intelligence and Control Module Optical MRU-O” combat vehicle, as well as several of its photos, inside and out. The author of the project is the Penza Scientific-Production Enterprise Rubin. Information about the development, according to the authors of the original publication on “Courage”, was taken from an industrial design patent under the number 82323 issued to Rubin in July last year. A year has passed since then, and all the information about the complex was a few scattered and unconfirmed rumors about the existence of some promising machines. Now the existence of such is documented, and photographs and a short description are made available to the general public.



In the available photos a tracked vehicle painted in camouflage "pattern" is visible. The MT-LBU multi-purpose army tractor was chosen as the basis for the MRU-O — this is indicated in the patent and is evident from a number of characteristic features. To accommodate electronic equipment and the workplaces of its operators, the layout of the source machine has been changed. I had to move the engine and part of the transmission units from the stern to the middle. The freed rear compartment was given under the target equipment and received the name of the operational compartment. Equipment blocks and two calculation stations were placed in it. The control unit in the front of the vehicle did not change - it remained in the same place and, as before, has two places for the driver and the vehicle commander.

The dimensions of the equipment and the ergonomic standards of the crew’s workplaces required a slight expansion of the used volumes of the original MT-LBu. To accommodate one of the equipment units in the stern sheet of the machine, a hole was cut through, on which an armored box of the appropriate size was installed. As can be seen in the photographs, the rear wall of this box has two hatches, obviously, to facilitate maintenance. In addition, on the upper surface of the outer box there is some detail with a hinged lid. From this we can conclude that the auxiliary power plant and the generator feeding all the equipment of the vehicle are placed in the armored box. Confidence about the contents of the “enlarged” compartment would give high-quality photos of the insides of the operational compartment. On the existing ones, you can only see that on the inside the rear box has three shields, to which some cables are connected. The quality of the published photos is such that it is impossible to see the inscriptions on the plates. However, inside the car, obviously, could not find the volume to accommodate the APU and the generator. The only suitable place - the middle part of the body with MTO - may not be suitable due to the absence of any free volumes suitable for an auxiliary power unit.



If the version with the APU outside the main building is correct, then all electronic units are located inside the operating compartment, next to the crew. Two operators of electronic systems are located side by side, on the left side of the machine. Operators can use a relatively large aft door or two upper hatches to board and leave the car. Operators' jobs are equipped with three color displays, which displays all the necessary information. In addition, two keyboards with trackballs and one joystick are seen on the operators desk. Apparently, the software of the MRU-O complex has a graphical interface, and also allows you to directly control all the systems of the machine. It is noted that the middle monitor and the panel below it is the control panel of the optical-electronic system for all-round visibility.

The main element of the circular view system is located on the roof. In the middle part of it, an armored container is mounted on the MRU-O, in which the review unit and its lifting system are located in the stowed position. Before starting work, the electronics operators activate the lifting mechanism and the opto-electronic unit of circular view rises up on the telescopic rod. In the fully unfolded position, the bar lifts the unit to a height of at least six meters. In the photographs presented, the circular view unit is captured only from behind or from behind. Due to the lack of images of its front end, it is not yet possible to speak precisely about the composition of the target equipment. Probably, there are video and thermal imaging cameras, a laser range finder or something similar in the unit. In addition to the system of the circular review unit, there are four radio station antennas on the roof of the MRU-O car, which are designed to maintain communication with units and command, as well as to transmit the received data.



Information about the set of target equipment at the moment is secret. It is only known that the operators have at their disposal equipment for communicating, controlling the systems of the machine, receiving, processing and collecting the received optical-electronic information, as well as the electronics for encrypting the transmitted radio signal. Workplaces of the driver and commander of the machine, in turn, are equipped with navigation systems, maintaining communication with operators and other machines / headquarters, as well as other equipment necessary for controlling the movement of the machine. Both manned volume MRU-O have a system of ventilation and air conditioning.

It is argued that the machine MRU-O can be equipped with regular means of reducing visibility. In the existing photographs it can be seen that they consist of camouflage nets placed on the roof and hung along the top of the sides. In addition, the reduction of visibility in the infrared range, apparently, is achieved with the help of special exhaust devices (on the right side), reducing the temperature of gases emitted by the engine and rubber-metal side screens. The latter close the support rollers and tracks, so that these parts, when heated while moving, do not give out the armored vehicle with infrared radiation.



Any information on the progress of the project, testing machines, etc. have not yet become public. All open information - two dozen photos of the appearance and internal volumes of the machine, as well as several lines of text. At the same time, “text accompaniment” is rather vague and basically contains only general definitions, without giving details. Finally, even the mass-dimensional or running parameters of the MRU-O machine were not announced. Judging by the absence of major changes in the hull design, with the exception of adding aft armored box, the length of the new combat vehicle does not exceed 7,5-8 meters, and the width remains the same - 2850 mm. As for the height of the MRU-O car, then the initial two meters of the original MT-LBU, due to the armored casing for the circular view unit, apparently added about 45-50 centimeters. Regarding ride quality, due to the lack of data on the engine and combat weight, we can only guess. Most likely, the speed, maneuverability and maneuverability of the MRU-O car remained the same or almost the same as the MT-LBu.



In the MRU-O performed:
- automated workplaces;
- chairs for operators, driver-mechanic and commander;
Control compartment:
- control panel and computing tools;
- navigation equipment with a coordinator and a cursor indicator;
- special equipment for measuring dose rates;
- several radio stations operating in the meter band;
- control units and power supply of radio stations;
- Antenna filter blocks;
- two fans;
- remote control unit and control;
Operational bay:
- frames with worktops (automated places for operators);
- switch equipment for data transmission;
- video monitor, keyboard, manipulator for each workplace;
- two sets of consoles and control units on the rack;
- multi-channel digital tape recorder;
- multifunctional indicator of optoelectronic equipment of a circular review;
- remote control opto-electronic equipment;
- power distribution unit;
- processing unit channel circular review;
- control units and visualization, data processing channel sector review;
- a unit for processing and transmitting digital data on connected subscribers;
- multichannel information transmission equipment;
- air conditioning unit and control panel;
- clock;
- first-aid kit;
- control unit loudspeaker;
- the lamp;
- radio operator display and control unit;
- control unit of the equipment for cryptographic communication;
- internal equipment switching boxes;
- display and control unit for the manager;
- DVD unit with USB;
- matching device of a short-wave radio station;
- documenting device;
- Station mast lifting device;
- Shortwave radio station;
- block interfacing internal equipment;
- remote control battery;
- time counter hours;
- battery charging;
- power distribution box;
- filter unit of the radio station;
- special equipment for the range of short waves;
- multifunctional terminal;
- closed-receive transceiver equipment;
- switching block of encryption equipment;
- radio station range ultrashort waves;
- amplifier;
- blackout switch;
- power supply console;
- electrical panel;
- rechargeable batteries;

Module housing:
- four antennas from radio stations;
- muffler;
- air conditioning;
- mast device;
- three cable entries;
- block of optical-electronic circular station on the mast;
- a set of tools to reduce visibility, performed on the sides of the module.

On the materials of the sites:
http://otvaga2004.ru/
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/
http://vpk.name/
Author:
36 comments
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  1. Svistoplyaskov
    Svistoplyaskov 21 July 2012 08: 33
    +13
    Time-tested MT-LBu + bulwark + Cape.
    It looks impressive!
  2. Professor
    Professor 21 July 2012 10: 23
    -17
    What kind of mania to put everything on tracked chassis?
    1. datur
      datur 21 July 2012 11: 26
      +22
      Professor,
      What kind of mania put everything on tracked chassis? --- and what kind of mania put everything on wheels?
      1. Professor
        Professor 21 July 2012 14: 06
        +1
        Solyaras eat less, protection, speed, maneuverability are better, operating costs are lower - that's what they put on wheels. Just now, a wheeled tank in Russia has been outlined, but here again the tracks ...
        1. wasjasibirjac
          wasjasibirjac 25 July 2012 15: 09
          +2
          and drive on the roads. And also fight only on the road? such machines need to hide. and hide on the road ................
    2. Order
      Order 21 July 2012 12: 11
      +16
      Quote: Professor
      What kind of mania to put everything on tracked chassis?

      Maybe due to the fact that we have no roads, but there are directions ...
      1. Professor
        Professor 21 July 2012 14: 03
        +4
        Well, you have to fight in someone else's territory ... wink In Europe, everything is in order with the roads.
        1. saturn.mmm
          saturn.mmm 21 July 2012 14: 25
          +6
          Quote: Professor
          Well, you need to fight in a foreign territory ... wink In Europe, everything is in order with the roads.

          Professor, do you seriously believe that Russia is going to fight in Europe?
          1. Passing
            Passing 21 July 2012 15: 36
            +8
            Quote: saturn.mmm
            Do you seriously believe that Russia is going to fight in Europe?

            And where to go, you can’t argue against karma, we have such an ancient tradition - we really only start fighting at the borders of our capital, but usually we end in the enemy.
          2. Hairy Siberian
            Hairy Siberian 21 July 2012 15: 48
            +3
            Reconnaissance vehicles will not hinder both tracked and wheeled!
            For serious off-road, swamps, forests - better gusenkie.
            And for the plains, steppes, prairies, shroud - wheeled.
            For example, the French have good wheels:
            1. lotus04
              lotus04 22 July 2012 18: 13
              +4
              Quote: Hairy Siberian
              For example, the French have good wheels:


              And the Italians have good spaghetti! Joke! Let them ride them in Paris. Remember the last conflicts. Powder brains with all sorts of nonsense! What, the accumulated experience does not count? It would be necessary, in the Union everything would be put on wheels.
    3. ZKBM-BUT
      ZKBM-BUT 21 July 2012 15: 41
      +19
      I served on the BMP. and personally for me duck goose is better than wheels. yes, the wheels are certainly more comfortable. but goose is much more practical. no matter what happens, the goose can always be quickly repaired in the field, it’s enough to throw a couple of extra trucks with armor in the regiment and the soul is calm. and a wheel is a wheel, no matter what. any fragment or bullet flew into it and immediately a hole. you go quietly on gosyanks through mine anti-personnel fields, and try to ride on wheels.
      1. Hairy Siberian
        Hairy Siberian 21 July 2012 16: 10
        -2
        But on the wheel, you can quickly and economically roll up and out of 100 mm. guns and just as quickly and economically dump.
        1. Lacoste
          Lacoste 22 July 2012 18: 42
          +4
          And you can get stuck in the mud. Right in front of the enemy. And you can not reach the place of hostilities (especially in the spring).
        2. illarion
          illarion 23 July 2012 14: 50
          +1
          Have you seen how in the Far East the BTR-80 marine corps tried to go ashore after landing?. They stuck as many as 3 pieces))
      2. Korvin
        Korvin 21 July 2012 17: 46
        +2
        So the wheel doesn’t seem to be one!)))) Even 6x6 drive quietly when any two wheels are lost, and you don’t even need to stop quickly to repair))))
    4. Korvin
      Korvin 21 July 2012 17: 56
      +4
      Ah professor professor ...))) ETOG BRM and on duty they have to get into the most impassable building much more often than any other armored vehicles, since reconnaissance while driving on roads is certainly more comfortable but roadblocks and enemy ambushes happen on the roads))) Fenek of course it’s cool, but he’s talking about Feneck and Desert Fox. in the desert he has no equal but in the swamps I wouldn’t go on it)))
    5. lotus04
      lotus04 21 July 2012 23: 25
      +2
      Quote: Professor
      What kind of mania to put everything on tracked chassis?


      Because in combat conditions the roads and directions become impassable, you will have to carry a trailer with spare wheels with you. Did you have to change the wheels in battle? It sounds interesting: - "Heroically died in battle, changing the bullet wheel of the tank."
  3. Dimitr
    Dimitr 21 July 2012 10: 25
    +3
    Interesting device, I wonder if it will be in the army or are riveted again for sale?
    1. Fidain
      Fidain 21 July 2012 13: 57
      +2
      Such a technique (with a professional crew) is simply necessary for the military.
    2. lotus04
      lotus04 23 July 2012 03: 45
      0
      Quote: Dimitr
      Interesting device, I wonder if it will be in the army or are riveted again for sale?


      This so-called apparatus cut through the vastness of Mongolia in the 80s. True, without the "body kit". This is also the technique of the USSR.
  4. iSpoiler
    iSpoiler 21 July 2012 13: 21
    +6
    interesting unit .....
    Himself a former mechanic driver MT-TWT, it would be cool to drive on it.
  5. vladimir70
    vladimir70 21 July 2012 13: 35
    +4
    In 1989, in the GSVG, such cars were already just stuffing simpler and the body kits were not installed on them, and the cross was excellent. From the Union, the officers who arrived to replace their own eyes did not believe that such a technique already existed ......
  6. Zlu
    Zlu 21 July 2012 14: 04
    +2
    We can when we want, as always the most reliable in the world. Only the most necessary!
  7. Common sense
    Common sense 21 July 2012 15: 03
    -6
    Anachronism A friend of the 70s.
    Why do we need a reconnaissance vehicle if the drone is a couple of orders of magnitude more mobile, has a much larger viewing area, and is also much safer for operators, and even cheaper for mass release into the troops.
    1. viruskvartirus
      viruskvartirus 22 July 2012 23: 19
      +4
      That is why "The use of the complex with the UAV" Bird Eye 400 "in the units of the Ministry of Defense showed that the temperature and humidity characteristics declared by the manufacturer do not correspond to reality, which affected the performance of combat training tasks.
      According to the reports of the military personnel operating this complex, many shortcomings were identified that significantly affect the performance of the tasks:
      1. The performance characteristics of the UAV do not match
      declared (maximum flight altitude - 3300 m, and during practical
      launches found that the optimal resolution for video and photography
      from a height of 800-1100 m, the maximum flight range is 10km,
      but at low temperatures it is - up to 6 km.
      2. UAV control is provided by the operator in direct line of sight.
      In case of signal loss, the design provides for the UAV to return to the point
      launch on the shortest distance that in mountainous conditions
      can lead to a collision with obstacles (especially when starting in
      gorges)
      3. Launching is not possible in conditions of low cloud cover, foggy and rainy weather, wind speed 5 m / s or more, air temperature minus 3-5 degrees Celsius (actually).
      4. There is no topographic basis for the areas of responsibility 4, 7 WB and 1327Ц (pripspn) (electronic maps of the globalmap or splane system — download from the global Internet is necessary), was installed in Kolomna during the training of UAV operators, for which a presentation of the FSB of the Russian Federation for South Eastern Military District was drawn up .
      5. When climbing (up to 150-200m) and landing, the UAV flight does not
      controlled by the operator, which imposes additional requirements for
      selection of the launch site (landing).
      6. With a sharp increase in the speed and direction of the wind, when flying over a mountainous area, the UAV spontaneously stalls into a “tailspin”.
      7. The determination of the coordinates of one’s location and reconnaissance objects is carried out according to the system, which makes it possible to track it with foreign intelligence
      8. At low temperatures, performance decreases
      UAV batteries, which reduces the time and range
      flight. "
  8. Hairy Siberian
    Hairy Siberian 21 July 2012 15: 15
    0
    Comfortable seats surprised - exactly the same as on intercity buses!
  9. Passing
    Passing 21 July 2012 15: 39
    +1
    Interestingly, is this machine integrated into our experimental automated troop control system?
  10. Andrei
    Andrei 21 July 2012 15: 42
    +1
    Professor,
    The caterpillar equipment provides better cross-country ability and it can be made smaller in size than a wheeled one. Imagine a similar car based on the BTR-80 - a hulk is an artilleryman’s and gunner’s dream ... where you can’t shoot anyway ... + similar cars have already been created on tracked base ... and if you do it on a wheeled base, you will have to create a practically new car.
    1. Professor
      Professor 21 July 2012 15: 46
      +3
      Everything that is available in the mashia can (and should) be placed, for example, on the Tiger.
      About the mine defense of such a caterpillar equipment in general is a silent mass grave. sad
      1. Korvin
        Korvin 21 July 2012 17: 50
        0
        Duc has already been placed on the Tigris. At the last exhibition glowed.
        1. Professor
          Professor 22 July 2012 09: 12
          -1
          I saw, and therefore it is not clear why to push all this onto the tracks ...
      2. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 23 July 2012 01: 02
        0
        Quote: Professor
        Everything that is available in the mashia can (and should) be placed, for example, on the Tiger.

        Quote: KORVIN
        Duc has already been placed on the Tigris. At the last exhibition glowed.

        In my opinion, a tracked intelligence vehicle is more practical. The specifics of this machine does not imply much light on it in front of the enemy, which means driving on country roads, primers, which in winter can be generally not climbable for wheeled vehicles. Even if the main path lies along the normal road, the car itself should not be parked at the intersection, but drive off to the side, under the trees, putting its optics above them.
        And if a car with great autonomy, then the resting places inside such a car would not be superfluous.
      3. phantom359
        phantom359 25 July 2012 23: 51
        0
        ProfessorWhy? About mine protection. Wheel cars are falling apart too, having run into a mine. Offal, I do not argue, is not bad to place on light wheeled vehicles.
        1. Professor
          Professor 26 July 2012 08: 55
          +1
          Other things being equal, wheeled vehicles with a V-shaped (and now they already have a double) bottom hold mines much better than tracked vehicles.
  11. Korvin
    Korvin 21 July 2012 17: 59
    +1
    Already a certain progress. A low silhouette, a stealthized form of the case. Here is also an integrated camouflage scale from BAE. Although the cloak is also good.
  12. Andrey77
    Andrey77 21 July 2012 18: 23
    0
    Another target on the tracks. Nobody will climb into the taiga, your mother ...
  13. Oleg Rosskiyy
    Oleg Rosskiyy 21 July 2012 18: 35
    +4
    In modern combat, any technique, whether on tracks or on wheels, foreign or domestic, burns equally well, no matter who it is. The main thing is the tactics of warfare.
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 22 July 2012 12: 47
      +1
      I am smoothly leading to the fact that the potential theater of operations will not be in Siberia. In a city, wheels are better. Fuss with them less and maneuverability is better.
      1. wasjasibirjac
        wasjasibirjac 25 July 2012 15: 25
        +1
        Quote: Andrey77
        I am smoothly leading to the fact that the potential theater of operations will not be in Siberia. In a city, wheels are better

        yeah, the city after shelling and bombing to prepare an attack on it. find the street there. in such cities only on the tank and you will call
  14. Prohor
    Prohor 21 July 2012 18: 42
    0
    MTLB is a great car, but is it out of date?
    After all, the T-34 was magnificent, and the "three-line", and the "Unicorn" - but a worthy change came to everything.
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 22 July 2012 14: 10
      +1
      MTLB GORGEOUS typewriter. For Russia. If we fight on our territory in Siberia, it’s better to think of it better. And what if there is a Middle East theater? For the MTLB desert is not ice.
      1. Korvin
        Korvin 22 July 2012 16: 43
        0
        Yes, not necessarily in Siberia. Another hypersnow winter is enough, and again DROP these cars ... Another couple of such winters and passenger cars will start to put on the tracks as a prototype of the Patriot. (((
  15. fgc56gfs
    fgc56gfs 21 July 2012 23: 29
    0
    You will probably be surprised - but there is a site in which data about all the inhabitants of the beating USSR.
    Everything that the authorities carefully concealed is now known to everyone on this site ydn. * Ru / sngpoisk (copy the link without *)
    You drive a name, a surname - and it shows you everything that can beat
    (your relatives, friends, phone numbers, well, a lot)
    And most importantly, it is accessible to everyone, I was really scared at first - you never know what moron there will climb
    Well, the truth is that you can remove yourself from the site, there you just need to find yourself, go through registration and delete
  16. lelikas
    lelikas 22 July 2012 19: 56
    0
    Only I see in special exhaust devices (on the starboard side), hydroshields?
  17. borisst64
    borisst64 23 July 2012 13: 54
    +1
    "I had to move the engine and part of the transmission units from the stern to the middle."

    On MT-LBU, the power unit was always in the middle part. Strange opinion of the author about the possibilities of transferring the engine and transmission in the armored hull.

    lelikas

    The exhaust pipe on the MT-LB is usually located at the top, and the shields are indeed installed for the melt, behind the idler.

    For the debaters, I remind you of the advantages of the wheel and the caterpillar as an important factor, the caterpillar mover is initially more load-lifting and stable when shooting or fixing the antenna and other devices.
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 25 July 2012 13: 18
      -1
      Stability when shooting on the go is guaranteed not by the propulsion device, but by the mass of the vehicle. Carrying capacity? What is Topol-M on the MAZ-ovsky chassis? You are not enough ?! I didn’t understand about antenna fixation.
  18. Bars90
    Bars90 4 September 2012 00: 03
    0
    Follow the neighbors ...))) Nice car. But inside it’s just a sight
  19. BARKAS
    BARKAS 18 September 2012 16: 00
    0
    The layout of the machine has not changed at such a time. I served 20 years ago. As for the filling, there is a clear breakthrough in the good direction, but the main thing is compatibility with other controls, which is in question