"Night Watch" is canceled. Looking at Rembrandt’s canvas

"Night Watch" is canceled. Looking at Rembrandt’s canvas

Here it is, "Night Watch" by Rembrandt van Rijn


And then he looked around.
You have the right to consider others
just having a good look at yourself.
And they went in front of him
pharmacists, soldiers, rat-catchers,
loan sharks, writers, merchants -
Holland was looking at him
like a mirror. And the mirror managed
truthfully - and for many centuries -
capture Holland and what
the same thing unites
all these - old and young - faces;
and the name of this common thing is light.
Joseph Brodsky. Rembrandt


Pictures tell ... Many readers of “VO” wanted to know how important the famous “Night Watch” is for studying the military affairs of the Thirty Years War. And, yes, indeed, in comparison with the Teniers' Sentry, as well as all other Sentries, this canvas seems to give much more information. There are more figures on it, they are all given in motion, however, in this case, not everything is so simple, and this canvas is interesting in a completely different way than other canvases on a military theme.

War is war, and talent is talent!
To begin with, the famous “Night Watch” is a large canvas, which is a traditional group front portrait for its time, in fact, something like a modern photograph of school graduates or employees of a large company with the loud name “Our Team”. Only now the picture of Rembrandt has a different name, although in essence it is identical to it, because it sounds like this: "The performance of the rifle company of Captain Frans Bunning Cock and Lieutenant Willem van Reutenburg." It was written by him in 1642, already at the end of the Thirty Years War, which lasted from 1618 to 1648. It was a difficult time for Europe, but for Rembrandt himself - a period of his success. That is, they say it is wrong that muses are silent during wars, Rembrandt's muses were by no means silent. The fame of him as an extraordinary master already spread in Amsterdam in 1632, as soon as he had finished work on the group portrait “The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp”. And after him in 1635 was written “Feast of Belshazzar” and the picture was waiting for new success, as well as portraits of his wife Saskia in luxurious outfits, including the painting “The Prodigal Son in the Tavern” (1635). They spoke of him as a master of chiaroscuro, whose faces seemed alive, as well as the gestures of the characters of his paintings. That is, it was at this time that he became famous, rich, and acquired students and followers.

To decorate the "General Staff"
However, the war continued. Nobody canceled it, and although the war and Rembrandt had not intersected anywhere else, it happened so that she touched it in a very thorough way.

And it happened so that in many cities of the Netherlands, including Amsterdam, at that time in many cities their inhabitants created militia units in which everyone knew each other and where mutual assistance and comradely support reigned, although people were often there not too warlike, and not so young. Nevertheless, the "fighters" of these detachments were proud of their military status, arranged exercises, went on patrols, in a word, guarded their native cities in their own way. All help to the military, right? But since the people in these units were mostly prosperous (because weapon they bought for their money!), then they wanted to immortalize themselves in a group dress portrait.


Copy of the Night Watch by Herrit Lundens. Uncut parts of the original painting are visible.

In Amsterdam, the customer of such a portrait was the local Shooting Society - one of the units of the Guild of Shooters of the Netherlands, whose members wanted to decorate the new building of their headquarters with group portraits of all its six companies. The main hall had six high windows overlooking the Amstel River, and at that time was the most spacious and presentable room in all of Amsterdam. But the walls of the hall were empty. And then it was decided to place on them impressive size paintings with group portraits of the shooters of six companies, so that their glory would never fade. They decided to give orders to different artists, since the canvases were great and one person could not perform them physically in a fairly short time. Six were invited in the number of paintings. Together with Rembrandt, among them were his students and followers Govert Flink and Jacob Bakker, Nicholas Elias Pikenoy, German Joachim von Zandrart and the best artist of Amsterdam in this genre, Bartolomeus van der Gelst - the master of this particular group portrait. Rembrandt got to paint a portrait of a company of 18 shooters of Captain Frans Bunning Coc. In fact, Rembrandt needed a little - to portray all these 18 “policemen” as photographers do today when they shoot schoolchildren at graduation parties, and guests at weddings: in the front row there is a bride and groom, or a class teacher, or - how in this case, the company captain with his lieutenant, and everyone else around. Low in the front row, high in the second, and the whole detachment could be put under the arch (which, by the way, Rembrandt did!), On the step at the exit from under it, and then ten arrows at the bottom and nine at the top would be very visible well, except that the legs would have been cut in the back. For example, I personally would have done so, but I would also have suggested that the "fighters" of the company cast lots so that no one would be offended by them: the captain and lieutenant in the middle, this is understandable. But let everyone else in their places let fate itself arrange it. However, for some reason, Rembrandt did wrong, although all the other painters did just the same.


The format for cropping the canvas

Picture against tradition


He violated all the canons of a static ceremonial portrait, although art historians unanimously note that Rembrandt created a very dynamic and vibrant composition. For example, the play of light and shadow so beloved by him is clearly visible, because the musketeers depicted by him on the canvas just come out of the shadow into an area brightly lit by the sun.

No stats! The picture is filled not only with light: it has a lot of movement! We clearly see that Captain Banning Kok gave the order to Lieutenant Reutenburg, and he repeated it, which is why all the people on the canvas came into motion. Here is the standard bearer who unfolds the company banner, here is the drummer, he hits the drum, and the dog barks at him, but in the crowd it’s not clear where the boy in the helmet came from somewhere, and for some reason a powder-horn hangs on his neck. It can be seen that even the details of the shooters' clothes are in motion, so skillfully depicted all this on Rembrandt on his canvas. But why, besides 18 customers, he drew 16 “free” characters on it, no one knows. Among them, for example, is the same drummer. He was not listed in the company of shooters, but it is known that urban drummers were usually invited to participate in various events. So his figure has at least some conceivable explanation.

Girl with a chicken and a gun
But this is what the girl in the golden dress does in the picture, which the artist depicted in the background on the left side of the picture does no one knows how, in fact, no one knows why she is here. The first thought that comes to mind: this is the daughter of one of the shooters who came to spend her dad “on a hike”. But then why is there a wheeled pistol and a still dead chicken (though it may be a cock) on the belt of this golden-haired girl, and why is there a wine horn in her left hand? Besides, maybe this is not a girl at all (she really has an adult face), but ... a dwarf? But then there are even more questions.

If this is a girl, then the "innocent child" could serve as a kind of "talisman" of the detachment, and such an opinion was expressed by a number of researchers. Therefore, she also has a gun on her belt. But ... then why is the chicken drawn? It is known that at the time, the arms of the Dutch shooters depicted crossed paws of either a falcon or a hawk. What if this is a hint that this whole “patrol” is nothing more than a “game of war”, and all the courage of the musketeers depicted in another emblem is simply unworthy? That is, before us is nothing more than a picturesque ... parody? Who knows who knows…

By the way, the x-ray of the canvas showed that the largest number of alterations relates to the figure of Lieutenant Reutenburg. For some reason, Rembrandt could not find the desired position of his protazan, with which he indicates the direction of movement of his detachment.


The girl with the chicken on the left and the indecent position of the hand are on the right.

Piquant shadow


There is another funny moment: the shadow of Captain Kok’s hand lies directly on the intimate place of Lieutenant Reutenburg. What is this: a hint of their “especially friendly relations”? It’s clear that today you can’t prove it. In addition, at the time of Holland, the death penalty relied on love between men. But Rembrandt for some reason portrayed this. And one can imagine what the poor fellow told his lieutenant at a friendly feast with beer and what laughter there was. And did Rembrandt go for it? Do not beware? And again, why did he do this, today we can only guess.

There is another secret to this picture. It is possible that Rembrandt also depicted himself on it and ... placing his face behind Jan Okkersen's right shoulder, an arrow in a cylindrical hat. But again - who can know for sure? The myths associated with this picture are much more than accurate knowledge of it!

Payment Myths


And by the way, and another myth, the myth of payment. Usually there are such numbers based on “logic”: it is known that Rembrandt took 100 guilders from each of the shooters depicted in the picture. And in the company of Bunning Coc, there were 16. Therefore, he should have received at least 1600 guilders for her. But this calculation is nothing more than one of the legends associated with this picture. Firstly, the amount that the captain and lieutenant, depicted in full growth in the foreground, should have been paid much more. Secondly, those who got to the "backyard" or whose face was not very visible, could refuse to pay at all - they say, "I’m seen badly, and I won’t give money!" And although this has not been documented, there is a myth that some of the shooters refused to pay Rembrandt. There is a third myth that the “greedy Rembrandt” demanded payment depending on the position in which the gunner was depicted on the canvas. So the exact amount received by the artist for "Night Watch", we also do not know.


Here she is this ill-fated chicken, and a pistol is visible behind her

Watch "night" or "day"?


Well, the painted picture was placed in the hall of the building of the Shooting Society along with the rest, and there it hung for almost 200 years before art historians of the 1947th century could determine what the great Rembrandt painted. The second discovery concerned the time of action. Due to the fact that the background of the canvas is very dark, they gave it the name "Night Watch". And in all directories, catalogs and albums, it was under this name that it passed until, during the restoration work of 2, it was discovered that it was simply covered with a thick layer of soot from candles. And when she was removed from the canvas, it turned out that the matter was not happening at night, but ... in the afternoon. Judging by one of the shadows at about XNUMX o’clock in the afternoon. So, at least this riddle of the picture was solved!


The shape of the shadow from the characters in the picture indicates that the action takes place at 2 pm

By the way, with this canvas there were also numerous adventures. So, in the XVIII century it was cut so that the picture could fit in a new room, and two arrows on it eventually disappeared. But we know how it looked from the very beginning, since back in the 363th century Gerrit Lundens made a copy of The Watch (which is currently exhibited at the London National Gallery), and this is where you can see the lost parts of the picture. During the war years, the picture was hidden in a secret vault in one of the caves in Mount St. Petra in Maastricht. But she still did not die and today is exhibited at the State Museum of Amsterdam. Even in cropped form, it impresses with its dimensions - 437 by XNUMX cm, so you need to consider it from a distance. Moreover, the Night Watch was also attacked three times. The first time a piece was cut from it, then it was cut with a knife, and the third time it was doused with acid. But fortunately, after each such attempt, Rembrandt’s creation was able to be restored!


But this shooter clearly does not have to handle weapons and holds a burning wick too close to the powder shelf! And the question is: why did Rembrandt write this? Laugh at the hapless arrows?

Sweet Couple: Captain and Lieutenant
Who were the musketeers in the picture? Thanks to the record on its reverse side, we know their names, but historians managed to find quite a lot of information about the commanders of this company. So about Captain Bunning Bok, it’s known that, being just the son of a wealthy pharmacist, he managed to get an education and a doctorate in law, and also married the daughter of one of Amsterdam’s most influential and wealthy politicians, which immediately turned him from a simple a burgher in patrician, since with his wife Kok received an aristocratic title. His military career was also successful: in the city police, he first became a lieutenant and then captain, well, and in the city he held the post of chief commissioner for concluding marriage contracts.


Captain and lieutenant cast in bronze. In 2005, on the anniversary of Rembrandt 2006 in Amsterdam, 22 figures of participants of the “Watch ...” were cast in bronze. Russian sculptors Mikhail Dronov and Alexander Taratynov did a truly colossal job, and reproduced with extreme accuracy all the items of clothing and weapons depicted in the picture. True, they did not strive for photographic accuracy in the depiction of her characters and brought their vision to the picture

Lt. van Reuthenburg is also a living witness to the effectiveness of the then social elevators. He was born into a greengrocer’s family, but his family, selling greens, became so rich that he began to live in a luxurious palazzo on Herengrakht Street and dressed in expensive clothes. For example, in the picture he is dressed in tunic made of yellow embossed leather, a light felt hat, and he has cavalry boots on his feet, although he is an infantryman, not a cavalryman!


Rembrandt and the heroes of The Night Watch on Rembrandt Square in Amsterdam in 2006 (sculptors A. Taratynov, M. Dronov)

Experts believe that Rembrandt very subtly managed to convey on his canvas the peculiarities of hierarchy among the Dutch Nobility: although the lieutenant of the shooters is discharged to the smithereens and the captain of the detachment is dressed in black, he is deliberately depicted as being shorter than his superior. And the captain’s shadow, lying on one “interesting place” on the lieutenant’s suit in the groin area, does not necessarily indicate their homosexual relationship (as it is known, the death penalty in Holland), but merely emphasizes his status and dominance “in team ".

Sad turn


It would seem that such an impressive picture would have to further enhance the authority of Rembrandt as a painter. However, it was after its writing that a truly tragic turn took place in his life. Students leave him, he stops receiving orders. Again, there is a legend that it was precisely the failure of this work that caused these sad consequences. However, what exactly was this failure? Didn’t they accept the picture? They took and hanged where she was supposed to hang! What many did not like her? Yes, they talk about it, but are there really so many? In the end, the people who ordered her were not poor and, if they didn’t like her so much, they could burn her in the backyard. However, they did not. Therefore, a number of experts believe that the reasons for cooling to Rembrandt’s work lie in a different plane: they say that he overtook his time, “he wasn’t understood”, and the tastes of the public just changed at that time ... But even if this is so, then after “ Night Watch ”, the artist’s career went down quite sharply. On the other hand, it was during the last two decades of his life that Rembrandt became famous as an outstanding portrait painter.


One of the fun era of the Internet. Any picture you can draw anything that your soul wants


To be continued ...
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  1. svp67 6 January 2020 05: 01 New
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    Author BRAVO good
    However, Rembrandt somehow didn’t do that,
    Because he and the GREAT. The West World knows his picture, they discuss and examine it under a microscope, it was literally cast in bronze, and who knows the pictures of the rest of the mouth? Although, to complete the picture, in a pun, it would not hurt to show a couple of those pictures ...

    Govert Flink. "Company of Captain Albert Bas and Lieutenant Lucas Konyin" (1645)

    Nicholas Elias Pickenoy. "A company of urban militias under the command of Captain Jan Claes Wluswick" (1642)

    Wouter Crabet II. A company under the command of Captain Harmanus Herberts (1644)
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka 6 January 2020 05: 26 New
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      Thank you Vyacheslav Olegovich! The cat was definitely pleased !!! lol crying
      Regards, Vlad!
    2. andrewkor 6 January 2020 06: 34 New
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      Thank you for the selection of portraits of other companies. You can clearly see the difference in the manner of performance of different masters, especially in the dynamics of the characters, which the author of the article noted.
      1. svp67 6 January 2020 06: 38 New
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        Quote: andrewkor
        The difference in the manner of performance of different masters is clearly visible

        What are we talking about ...
        1. andrewkor 6 January 2020 10: 26 New
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          Soviet times. Queue in GUM.
          A woman asks an extreme man: "What do they give?"
          "Yes they say Rembrath"
          "Is it better or worse than criminals?"
          "I can’t say, I didn’t drink either one."
          ☺☺☺!
    3. kalibr 6 January 2020 07: 49 New
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      Dear Sergey! I agree that it was necessary to give pictures for comparison. But something this material took so much strength from me that ... as I thought, to write about it also, my hands dropped. And then the thought flickered that someone would certainly complement. The world is not without smart people! And so it happened. Thank!
      1. 3x3zsave 6 January 2020 08: 28 New
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        However, the article was a success !!!
        1. kalibr 6 January 2020 08: 59 New
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          Quote: 3x3zsave
          However, the article was a success !!!

          But it was worth a lot of work. I had to "shovel" a lot of things, bring them together, look ... I was, honestly, glad when I put an end to it.
          1. 3x3zsave 6 January 2020 09: 04 New
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            The same topic is unusual for you!
            Meanwhile, I have a question, Vyacheslav Olegovich. And what about the cycle of ancient culture?
            1. kalibr 6 January 2020 09: 15 New
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              Anton! Everything lies. Books are lying, files are lying ... It's simple ... That will bother to write about the knights, and the antics will go. There is another problem: the preparation of new books. On antique, the book does not shine for me, but on the knights ... and not one. Therefore, they come first, then locks, then rifles, then ... then ... then antiquity. By the way, the book "Warriors of the Bronze Age" is ready, is in the plan of the publisher, but ... has not yet been published.
              1. 3x3zsave 6 January 2020 09: 19 New
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                Understood thanks!
                Damn, I don’t want to go to work !!!
        2. Avior 6 January 2020 10: 27 New
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          Join
          Excellent article!
        3. vladcub 6 January 2020 18: 18 New
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          Anton, you voiced my thought: V. Oh well tried
          1. 3x3zsave 6 January 2020 18: 32 New
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            Wrong word, Vlad! I understand how such a topic is alien to the author and what an effort it took to write the material!
            1. vladcub 6 January 2020 21: 17 New
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              Anton, if all the authors were like that, that is, such that some kind of nonsense is running from the hangover, but they object that they are historians and geniuses.
              Perhaps you remember: on TV was a fun show "zucchini 13 chairs"? There, one "genius" wrote the whole novel: "Hares" and believed that everyone envied him
              1. 3x3zsave 6 January 2020 21: 24 New
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                Alas, if I remember, it is vague. Mrs. Monica is a legend of my childhood.
    4. The leader of the Redskins 6 January 2020 08: 34 New
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      Something I Khabensky in this version of the "night watch" I do not recognize .... laughing
      Just kidding, of course. The article is interesting. Never before heard of "group shots."
      1. Avior 6 January 2020 10: 36 New
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        How to recognize him if he is in the dusk ?! smile
        Or maybe it is for the better? The Beer Black Eagle in Prague near the Charles Bridge, where Gorodetsky decided to drink beer with a dark one, remaining an ordinary Prague beer of average quality with the same usual level of cuisine and beer, which we accidentally discovered when we stumbled upon it, differs from others by a couple of boards on an entrance with inscriptions on the theme of patrols in Russian, playing on the topic of patrols for waiters, again for the Russians, and, in my opinion, overpriced — I just don’t know if this is purely for the Russians or not? smile
        1. 3x3zsave 6 January 2020 17: 24 New
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          Unpromising, dear! Alas ... Lukyanenko, of those present, few read.
          1. svp67 6 January 2020 18: 59 New
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            Quote: 3x3zsave
            Alas ... Lukyanenko, of those present, few read.

            Lukyanenko didn’t read, but Lukyanenko and his trilogy on “Watch ... (day, night and gloomy)” I read. The film is not bad, but it's only 1 \ 9 books ... And in this cafe, according to the book, Gorodetsky saw an American, a military pilot, the same from the "bright", but that did not stop him from taking part in the bombing of Yugoslavia .. .
            1. 3x3zsave 6 January 2020 19: 18 New
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              Dear, if you find fault with the letters, then the "cafe", and not what you wrote ... Meanwhile, I have been reading Lukyanenko since he was still living in Kazakhstan.
              1. svp67 6 January 2020 19: 38 New
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                Quote: 3x3zsave
                Dear, if you find fault with the letters, then the "cafe", and not what you wrote ... Meanwhile, I have been reading Lukyanenko since he was still living in Kazakhstan.

                With what I congratulate you. And for my part there was an easy attempt to joke, sorry not understood ... hi
                1. 3x3zsave 6 January 2020 20: 03 New
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                  I'm sorry, Sergey, my "sense of humor" sometimes lacks sophistication, alas ... request They told me that J.K. Jerome should be read in the original, and I, dumbass, perceived everything with Russian immediacy ... request laughing
                  1. svp67 6 January 2020 20: 10 New
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                    WITH HOLIDAY drinks And this is no joke.
                    1. 3x3zsave 6 January 2020 20: 21 New
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                      Mutually, congratulations! drinks
        2. Nikolaevich I 8 January 2020 09: 33 New
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          I just can’t “catch up”! And what about Prague? If we are talking about Dutch (at the "worst", Flemish ....) militia!
          1. Avior 8 January 2020 11: 02 New
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            "Night Watch" because smile
            Get out of the dusk for everyone! smile
    5. Trilobite Master 6 January 2020 11: 21 New
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      Sergey, thanks for the pictures of other authors.
      hi
      I have already said that I understand the painting sadly badly, I do not understand her beauty and can not appreciate it? It seems to be saying ...
      So, I will say the seditious thing: I liked the paintings presented by Sergey more than Rembrandt. And if we take into account the tasks that were set before the authors, then Rembrandt is generally worthless.
      I look, for example, at a picture of Krabet and I understand that adult respected people who are engaged in a serious business have gathered. It can be seen that this is a team, and not with pine forest.
      The same can be said of Pikenoy’s painting. It is safe to say that it depicts precisely a military unit organized and united.
      True, Flink’s painting depicts something like a booze, but again, people on it are certainly serious, respectable and wealthy.
      Rembrandt portrayed his clients as wahlakov, a marginal rabble, some in the woods, some for firewood, figures are poorly visible, people cannot be clearly seen, everyone looks in different directions, clothes are not visible, and if they are visible, everyone has different clothes ... No, the play of light and shadow, this, of course, is wonderful, no one else knows how, but the task was set somewhat different.
      Yes, even if you are Rembrandt of advanced years, and TK must be fulfilled if you take it, and not show off, "I am an artist, I see that." The author was so carried away by the work that the audience is now seriously discussing whether the characters in the picture were homosexual and what the dead chicken in the central part of the canvas means.
      1. kalibr 6 January 2020 13: 41 New
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        Quote: Trilobite Master
        Yes, even if you are Rembrandt of advanced years, and TK must be fulfilled if you take it, and not show off, "I am an artist, I see that." The author was so carried away by the work that the audience is now seriously discussing whether the characters in the picture were homosexual and what the dead chicken in the central part of the canvas means.

        My applause!
      2. vladcub 6 January 2020 18: 26 New
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        Michael, oh you and mischief: how Rembrandt was alienated. Aren't you afraid that he will be offended by Rembrandt? Joking as a joke, but it would be interesting to know how the "customers" reacted to the picture?
        1. Trilobite Master 6 January 2020 19: 45 New
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          Yes, I am not harmful. smile I just sometimes get carried away repeat , because Rembrandt’s impulse is generally understandable to me, but, as the French say, “that coprendre pa that pardone” (a free translation “to understand does not mean to forgive”). smile Moreover, I show off for nothing, and he is for the money. No, actually - you agreed to do a certain job, and instead of it you did something, it might be outstanding, but completely out of place, and you made a laughing stock (as it turned out to be an eternal laughing stock smile ) respected people. Still, even such a sacred process as creativity needs discipline and control. All this is beneficial to the creator, to a reasonable extent, of course.
          1. vladcub 6 January 2020 21: 03 New
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            Michael, from the point of view of the zazzchik, perhaps you are right. Nevertheless, it would be interesting to know: what was said to the artist and how did he react?
            Somewhere I heard that Michelangelo painfully reacted to criticism and even clutched at the arkibuzu. Leonardo da Vinci had many ill-wishers and he effectively avenged them: he painted them in hell, among the first sinners. They ran to papidnichat pope, and Sixte sixth, was an uncle humorous and of course he says byak that he sent you to hell, but I can not do anything - only the Lord will help you. Wait until he decides.
            So Leanardo would put you to hell in a pan for fun, and Michelangelo could have fired if the weather doesn’t interfere (the wick guns are still a “treasure"), and you will choose who is safer to offend
      3. svp67 6 January 2020 19: 07 New
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        Quote: Trilobite Master
        So, I will say the seditious thing: I liked the paintings presented by Sergey more than Rembrandt.

        You see, something caught you. That is the power of art. But I do not agree with you. Here, the details mean a lot. It's one thing to draw a static figure, like these artists. this is what many have in albums. Group photo in kindergarten, school, institute (school), etc., etc.
        But Rembrandt has a speaker. Depicted is not just people in uniform, but in a certain movement. And I like this approach more, since everyone there, besides his clothes and face, has certain details that, when discovered and read, can reveal details that are already personal in character, like with that shadow by hand, cavalry boots on his feet on foot war, the boy runs somewhere, clearly on the instructions to bring something, that means who does not have time to prepare, and so on ... This is not just a picture, a separate detachment, this is a fragment of his life. And I like it more like these photos in my album.
        1. Trilobite Master 6 January 2020 20: 11 New
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          Quote: svp67
          And I like it more like these photos in my album.

          There’s no way for anyone to pop, someone to catch, someone to popova. smile
          However, I do not pretend to be an art critic, especially in the field of painting. In secret, I’ll say that I still have weaknesses - ballet and opera. In them I, as well as in painting, understand little and do not like, but what is the reason for this and what is the consequence of it is hard for me to say.
          In this case, conditional artisans did their job as they should, but the ingenious master of the set goals, in my opinion, did not achieve.
          In addition, I do not see any vibrancy in the picture, any dynamics, the figures are not united by anything, there is no common idea, they do not look like living people in some real situation, it is rather a collage, and it’s absolutely pointless. Any two figures in the picture can be interchanged and nothing (!), In my opinion, will change - the picture as it was and will remain a meaningless set of high-quality or not very high-quality traced figures. One hero looks there, another there, the third is still somewhere, everyone is dressed like a god, they are each busy with their own business, moreover, it’s not clear what and why, the expression on everyone’s faces is unnatural and absolutely does not correspond to the situation ... No, painting is still not mine. no
          Those creations of Rembrandt that are exhibited in our Hermitage seem to me much more impressive - thoughtful and masterly. Although, I admit that such an impression was created only because I saw them live. I especially remember the “Descent from the Cross”.
    6. Tarasios 6 January 2020 18: 51 New
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      That's interesting: it seems that all the soot was sitting only on a picture of Rembrandt? ;) Well, judging by the clear state of the remaining paintings with companies? And yes, the copy of the Watch is also all darkened from itself. Strange)
      1. svp67 6 January 2020 19: 11 New
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        Quote: Tarasios
        That's interesting: it seems that all the soot was sitting only on a picture of Rembrandt?

        Or maybe it was it that was highlighted more?
    7. Astra wild 6 January 2020 19: 14 New
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      Sergey, thank you for the pictures for comparison. If we compare Rembrandt and Krabet2 - heaven and earth: the Dozor stopped for a moment, and Krabet, when the analogy immediately looked: the old coquette. Already so old that they move with a strode, but the lack of mobility is compensated by expensive outfits
  2. Catfish 6 January 2020 06: 05 New
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    Good morning and thank you, Vyacheslav Olegovich. smile
    For some reason, for some reason, it was this work of the Master that always attracted me, there is something elusive-mystical and mysterious in it. Perhaps the living faces of people who have forever gone, the play of light and shadow, it is difficult for me to explain.
    It seems to be something special there, dressed up to smithereens peasants imposingly located in the "gateway", however ...
    Even if you compare it with the faces in the recent Karauln, it’s immediately noticeable how much higher is Rembrandt’s portraiture. Well, life-size "soldiers" simply pleased, I had no idea that now they were "protecting" the monument to the Great Painter. Well done Dutch. good
    And the impudent cat under the arm with the captain, this is a cherry on top of the cake. laughing
    1. depressant 6 January 2020 06: 27 New
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      And I am still attracted to “Self-portrait with Saskia on her knees” - an anatomical mystery. Sometimes it happens now, I open the album of the few saved, I look and think everything: it’s necessary to turn your head like that! Did the women of that time have such flexible necks? Many times I tried to repeat, experimented with a mirror, looked for a similar turn in photographs from newspapers and magazines - I did not find it! wink ))
      1. Catfish 6 January 2020 07: 01 New
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        Good morning, Lyudmila. love

        I'm on the issue of flexibility. My sister was able to twist both hands, so to speak, "back to front" in the elbow, the people were shocked. Although I would not call her figure particularly flexible. So anything is possible. Although many artists allowed in their work a fair "liberties." smile
        1. Avior 6 January 2020 07: 37 New
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          Some women know how to do this, girls are definitely who is more, who is less
          I remember that in my youth I was struck by the difference between a man and a woman.
          However, then I met another difference, and she interested me more smile
          1. Catfish 6 January 2020 07: 42 New
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            Hmm ... I can not agree. smile About the "other" difference. wink
    2. Korsar4 6 January 2020 08: 17 New
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      Yeah. Faces in the paintings of Palamedes were not pleased.
      Either blame the person, or the skill of the artist.

      But the Dutch games of light with a shadow were still liked by a schoolboy when he first got to the Hermitage.
  3. Avior 6 January 2020 07: 47 New
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    How do masters differ from other artists and sculptors, you often understand only by seeing their originals with your own eyes
    But Rembrandt’s unusualness is also visible on reproductions, but I understood Rembrandt’s complexity and technicality when I saw a live Night Watch masterpiece, a pity that was not understood by contemporaries.
    On the other hand, they ordered a group portrait, where each of the paying customers wanted to see herself in full height in all its glory, and not the girl with the chicken in front, she didn’t pay money, unlike those that were in the background smile
    Michelangelo made the second equally strong impression on me with the details.
    1. Catfish 6 January 2020 07: 59 New
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      Dad could pay for the girl, from the captain’s salary. As an option. winked
      1. Avior 6 January 2020 08: 07 New
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        The story is silent about this smile
        But those who paid for sure could remain dissatisfied - they wanted to immortalize their beloved, and not pay for a masterpiece for centuries.
        It's like advertising
        It can be an artistic masterpiece, but sales can’t be increased.
        Or vice versa - Sales are growing, although the viewer wants to spit on her
        But the advertiser paid for the second, and the work will be evaluated according to sales growth smile
        1. kalibr 6 January 2020 15: 36 New
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          Quote: Avior
          But the advertiser paid for the second, and the work will be evaluated according to sales growth

          Funny moment from the 90s. I made an advertisement that was familiar to one businessman. Original, interesting ... I went "growth growth" and in% decently. Two weeks later, the customer requires an advertisement from the TV to be removed. Reason: “They say that they understand nothing in my advertisement and that it sucks!” What does the accountant say? Income increased? Well yes! So what ... do you need? But the sidekick says ... "So they shot the ad, the sidekick was more important than money. I hope he went broke ...
      2. Korsar4 6 January 2020 10: 27 New
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        Everything is simple. They posed. Are tired. My daughter was sent for food. The girl turned up the chicken. And the artist is a girl.

        Here is a recipe for a masterpiece.
        1. Catfish 6 January 2020 11: 34 New
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          Sergey, do you blame Rembrant for pedophilia ?! Although, if you look closely, the face of the "girl" is pretty shabby. request
          1. Korsar4 6 January 2020 12: 16 New
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            Never. And so his life broke. Just as the model turned up.
    2. kalibr 6 January 2020 08: 04 New
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      Quote: Avior
      but I understood Rembrandt’s complexity and technicality when I saw him live

      Lucky you! I would very much like to see, but have not yet been honored. I envy ...
      1. Avior 6 January 2020 10: 15 New
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        Well, you can't cover everything
        They got to Amsterdam by chance, were going to Rome, but someone said that it was too hot there in early August, Amsterdam decided
        At first they were upset, but the result was delighted.
        By the way, it was just cold, I’m in many photos in a windbreaker
        We went to Rome and Florence After a couple of years, (before that I went to St. Petersburg) it was hot in Rome, but bearable :)
        Unfortunately, the problem of museums filled with well-known funds is that there is a lot to watch, you really need to do it with breaks, you just oversaturated with the exhibition and interest drops, although at the entrance cards with marked exhibits give you just get tired of looking, interest and attention is dulled, you go out with a head swollen from culture :))
        There is still some problem of the confusion of the halls, often this is the problem of expositions in palaces, but not only where the number of rooms is rather large, it is in the Hermitage, for example, but in the Louvre, when we looked at Ancient Egypt, I had to approach the guard, neither the map nor the navigator helped .
        In this regard, especially in the Louvre and the Vatican, and in the Hermitage is not easy, and the museum in Amsterdam also belongs to these. But at least there are sofas :)
        Near famous paintings, especially iconic for the museum, there are usually a lot of people, and if I crammed into the Gioconda in the Louvre, my wife took it and politely dragged us to the very fence :), then in St. Petersburg I already laid the way through the crowd of Chinese, discarding the intellectual conventions, calmly and firmly :)
        Night watch, of course, the Mona Lisa gains much in size :) and the crowd of lovers has less effect
        But, for example, the Dresden Gallery is otherwise organized - a series of large halls leading to the Madonna of Raphael, smaller parallel ones.
        And the Madonna herself is large enough to sit admiring directly from a comfortable sofa, although the people are decently the same
        And the gallery collection is smaller and does not cause such a glut of culture, like other major museums.
        But this is so, just my impressions, everyone has their own perception
        hi
        1. kalibr 6 January 2020 10: 24 New
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          About Dresden I agree with you completely. Was there...
  4. Olgovich 6 January 2020 07: 58 New
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    But even if this is so, it was after the Night Watch that the artist’s career went down quite sharply
    How many geniuses remained generally unrecognized in life?

    And this canvas is one of those that made him immortal
    1. 3x3zsave 6 January 2020 08: 25 New
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      Van Gogh, poor fellow, all his life suffered from the fact that he did not receive a classical art education request
      1. kalibr 6 January 2020 09: 01 New
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        "But Van Gogh has sold only one painting in his entire life, and your father has already ... two to immortalize his immortal genius!" ("How to Steal a Million")
        1. 3x3zsave 6 January 2020 09: 09 New
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          And, as far as I remember, not Vincent himself, but his brother Theodore.
          In general, impressionism owes much of its recognition to the fine arts to Russian philanthropists.
        2. Avior 6 January 2020 10: 22 New
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          . And why is my “Lautrec” worse than the “Lautrec” Lautrec if anyway no one can tell ?!

          smile
      2. vladcub 6 January 2020 19: 33 New
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        A certain corporal, “you know who”, also did not receive an education, but this did not stop him from teaching future professional artists. True, Papa Müller also “helped” there: if we are not asking for favors on Prince Albert Strasse, then they will teach the mind vividly
  5. Monster_Fat 6 January 2020 09: 15 New
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    Well, many tried to investigate the Night Watch picture from different points of view, to search for "secret signs" on it. Well, for example, there are very interesting two films by Peter Greenaway on this subject: "Night Watch" and "Rembrandt. I blame!" I advise you to look, in addition to an interesting version of what Rembrant wanted to say with his great picture, films also have artistic appeal, their author is all the same, not anyone, but Greenway!
  6. bubalik 6 January 2020 13: 24 New
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    paintings with group portraits of six mouth shooters

    ,,, and the remaining group portraits are preserved?
    1. kalibr 6 January 2020 13: 43 New
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      I don’t know, Sergey, honestly. I did not look and can not say. I barely coped with this material.
      1. bubalik 6 January 2020 13: 59 New
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        ,,, something like this he was ordered.

        Frans Hals. The meeting of officers of the rifle guild of St. Adrian. 1633 g
        1. kalibr 6 January 2020 14: 00 New
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          You dug up an interesting picture ... But now I am already busy with completely different material, in order to continue delving into this topic.
        2. Astra wild 6 January 2020 19: 41 New
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          It seems gentlemen, officers have already "taken to the chest": what they fell apart
      2. vladcub 6 January 2020 20: 25 New
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        And they did a great job
  7. BAI
    BAI 6 January 2020 17: 56 New
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    That's what I like about the golden age of Dutch painting - the photographic accuracy of details. Imagine what “Night Watch” would look like in the image of Picasso, Dali or any of the primitivists.
    1. kalibr 6 January 2020 19: 53 New
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      You see it, I see it ... but some, judging by the comments on the previous article, consider ... that this is not so and therefore these pictures are not the source. Convincing failed.
    2. sergo1914 6 January 2020 20: 28 New
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      Quote: BAI
      That's what I like about the golden age of Dutch painting - the photographic accuracy of details.


      “She had kind breasts and big eyes.”
    3. voyaka uh 7 January 2020 00: 09 New
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      The photograph did not exist yet. And painting replaced her.
      Nowadays, digital photography and computer graphics programs
      finished off the painting. Amen.
    4. phair 14 January 2020 06: 15 New
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      Georgian police Pirosmanishvili- quite realistic;)
  8. Astra wild 6 January 2020 19: 23 New
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    Quote: Tarasios
    That's interesting: it seems that all the soot was sitting only on a picture of Rembrandt? ;) Well, judging by the clear state of the remaining paintings with companies? And yes, the copy of the Watch is also all darkened from itself. Strange)

    And if we assume that the author wrote his imitation after a lot of time, when the "Watch" darkened? Although you are right: why the rest do not have soot? I would like to know how this is explained by the scholars. Perhaps anyone in the know? For example, a colleague "twelfth", he has almost everything has material
  9. vladcub 6 January 2020 19: 37 New
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    Quote: Korsar4
    Everything is simple. They posed. Are tired. My daughter was sent for food. The girl turned up the chicken. And the artist is a girl.

    Here is a recipe for a masterpiece.

    Did she have a gun instead of money? He will put a gun on the owner of the tavern, and he will gladly give the chicken
    1. Korsar4 6 January 2020 19: 47 New
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      Then she depicted the image of an ataman from the "Bremen Town Musicians".
      1. vladcub 6 January 2020 21: 26 New
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        Or maybe it was her daughter?
        1. Korsar4 6 January 2020 21: 34 New
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          Colleagues on the coastal fraternity.
  10. sergo1914 6 January 2020 20: 00 New
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    Many readers of VO wanted to know


    Why so modest? Everyone, without exception, wanted to. I will say more. To all the inhabitants of Planet Earth. And some twice. Africa leads here. Of course. Antarctica is half a head behind. North and South America are trying to catch up. Europe is lagging behind. But they harness for a long time. Especially some. But they will catch up. They will buy AUTHOR novels and catch up.
    Moreover, “To be continued ...”
    Then google Rembrandt ... and the second wave of fans.
    1. kalibr 6 January 2020 20: 33 New
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      Do not be malicious It is clear what you want, but it is useless. I’ll just say thank you, and twice: the first for a click, the second for a comment. And maybe three - in advance. You also want to see what will be answered. And there will be more clicks. See how it is. In the East they talk about it this way: ... sows words to no avail, the harvest goes to the wise. Write ischo!
      1. Ruslan67 6 January 2020 20: 40 New
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        Quote: kalibr
        Do not be malicious

        Vyacheslav hi Sorry, I don’t remember how about Mother so as not to enrage Smirnov hi You certainly wrote a lot yes Something I even tried to read except VO. And you did not try to nail your muse with a slipper and do something useful?
        Merry Christmas to you drinks hi
        1. kalibr 6 January 2020 21: 02 New
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          Quote: Ruslan67
          Have you tried to nail your muse with a slipper and do something useful?

          And you did not think that people are different, and different people like different books. And they have every right to do so. If you don’t like something, then ... who are you to despise the interests of many other people. So just remember that I’m writing not for you and everything will be fine.
          1. Ruslan67 6 January 2020 21: 10 New
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            Quote: kalibr
            who are you to despise the interests of many other people.

            This is where the main thing begins request First without contempt hi Secondly, this Question - Who are you? explains everything request You write for yourself, and wait for approval. And if it is not, then who are you? In the USSR there was the Library of the Young Worker and the Library of the magazine Young Guard 90% of these publications went to waste paper as illiquid assets You still can’t grow up to Pikul and Novikov-Priboy too request Maybe a jigsaw on the Romanian wall?
            1. kalibr 6 January 2020 21: 13 New
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              Quote: Ruslan67
              You still can’t grow to Pikul and Novikov-Priboy too

              And I’m not going to. I have my own direction, in which neither Pikul nor Surf worked. But it is also in demand.
              1. Ruslan67 6 January 2020 21: 24 New
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                Quote: kalibr
                I have my own direction, in which neither Pikul nor Surf worked. But it is also in demand.

                Was reading sad Maybe all the same jigsaw?
                1. kalibr 6 January 2020 21: 33 New
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                  Quote: Ruslan67
                  I read Maybe all the same jigsaw?

                  What specifically interests you Ruslan?
                  1. Ruslan67 6 January 2020 21: 35 New
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                    Quote: kalibr
                    What specifically interests?

                    How to finish repairs in two apartments on the same landing at least for the New Year holidays? am fool crying
                    1. kalibr 6 January 2020 22: 09 New
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                      https://zen.yandex.ru/media/architectordiary/mojno-li-delat-remont-v-novogodnie-prazdniki-i-chem-eto-grozit-5a2cd4aa57906af4fc23ddf0
                      1. Ruslan67 6 January 2020 22: 12 New
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                        Quote: kalibr
                        https://zen.yandex.ru/media/architectordiary/mojno-li-delat-remont-v-novogodnie-prazdniki-i-chem-eto-grozit-5a2cd4aa57906af4fc23ddf0

                        But this is really a shame crying
            2. vladcub 7 January 2020 10: 23 New
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              Yeah, the "Romanian wall" of money costs to make it a jigsaw
          2. sergo1914 6 January 2020 21: 16 New
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            Quote: kalibr
            who are you to despise the interests of many other people.


            Really. Billions of Shpakovsky fans are rampaging.
        2. kalibr 6 January 2020 21: 07 New
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          Quote: Ruslan67
          Sorry, I don’t remember how about Mother so as not to enrage Smirnov

          Follow this path, get bogged down ... don’t hesitate!
          1. sergo1914 6 January 2020 21: 18 New
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            Quote: kalibr
            Quote: Ruslan67
            Sorry, I don’t remember how about Mother so as not to enrage Smirnov

            Follow this path, get bogged down ... don’t hesitate!



            Even I was scared. Really.
          2. Ruslan67 6 January 2020 21: 18 New
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            Quote: kalibr
            Take this path

            Everyone has his own path...
            Quote: kalibr
            get bogged down.

            Threats? Do not remember a classic joke? By the way, without a mat absolutely
            1. kalibr 6 January 2020 21: 23 New
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              Quote: Ruslan67
              Threats? Do not remember a classic joke? By the way, without a mat absolutely

              Just a reminder that references to mother are not welcome here. That's all.
      2. sergo1914 6 January 2020 20: 42 New
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        Quote: kalibr
        Do not be malicious It is clear what you want, but it is useless. I’ll just say thank you, and twice: the first for a click, the second for a comment. And maybe three - in advance. You also want to see what will be answered. And there will be more clicks. See how it is. In the East they talk about it this way: ... sows words to no avail, the harvest goes to the wise. Write ischo!


        However, they answered quickly. Not sleeping Do you think profits?
        I will answer the East. “If the author admires his work, then it is wretched.
        Wilde O. "
        1. kalibr 6 January 2020 21: 05 New
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          And who told you that I admire? And then all sorts of British homosexuals are not a decree for me. And quickly ... I have such a program that tells me about the answers. See, I was right about the three "thanks." I work at a computer, and it signals me. Oh - one more got out. Just a couple of clicks - great! It is impolite not to answer.
          1. sergo1914 6 January 2020 21: 13 New
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            Quote: kalibr
            Then all sorts of British homosexuals are not a decree for me.


            Wow! And what homosexuals is a decree for you? What direction of homosexuality do you practice?
            1. kalibr 6 January 2020 21: 18 New
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              What do you want, Sergey, I want to prove something? In vain, but it’s good that your clicks increase the investment attractiveness of the site. Write on about directions and everything you want.
              1. sergo1914 6 January 2020 21: 20 New
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                Quote: kalibr
                Your clicks increase the investment attractiveness of the site.


                Banshee !!! Do you understand??? I'm in charge here !!! On your knees, slave !!!
                1. kalibr 6 January 2020 21: 25 New
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                  Quote: sergo1914
                  Banshee !!! Do you understand??? I'm in charge here !!! On your knees, slave !!!

                  You’ve already gone too far, right? Why is all this different?
                  1. sergo1914 6 January 2020 21: 35 New
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                    Quote: kalibr
                    Quote: sergo1914
                    Banshee !!! Do you understand??? I'm in charge here !!! On your knees, slave !!!

                    You’ve already gone too far, right? Why is all this different?


                    Oops Does Janus seem to have only three faces?
              2. sergo1914 6 January 2020 21: 22 New
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                Quote: kalibr
                Sergey, I want to prove something? In vain


                In the context of the discussion? I do not understand the styles of homosexuality. I look forward to another article by the Guru.
                1. kalibr 6 January 2020 21: 30 New
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                  Quote: sergo1914
                  In the context of the discussion?

                  Do we have a discussion? I’m not trying to prove anything to you. And to argue and even more so I have no desire.
                  1. sergo1914 6 January 2020 21: 34 New
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                    Quote: kalibr
                    Quote: sergo1914
                    In the context of the discussion?

                    Do we have a discussion? I’m not trying to prove anything to you. And to argue and even more so I have no desire.


                    So we do not argue. I ask questions. You do not answer them.
                    1. kalibr 6 January 2020 21: 44 New
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                      Quote: sergo1914
                      I ask questions. You do not answer them.

                      And should? This is not a talk about homosynism, but I find nothing else. Are you bored and want to fuss or lose your bad mood?
          2. Ruslan67 6 January 2020 21: 13 New
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            Quote: kalibr
            I’ll just say thank you, and twice: the first for a click, the second for a comment. And maybe three - in advance. You also want to see what will be answered. And there will be more clicks. See how it is. In the East they talk about it this way: ... sows words to no avail, the harvest goes to the wise. Write ischo!

            On Christmas for the poor penny wassat And you don’t have to go to church tongue
            1. kalibr 6 January 2020 21: 20 New
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              This is how, gradually, click by click and the investment attractiveness of the site is created. Didn't you know? There is such advertising - "per click".
              1. Ruslan67 6 January 2020 21: 32 New
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                Quote: kalibr
                This is how, gradually, click by click and the investment attractiveness of the site is created.

                yes
                Quote: kalibr
                . Didn't you know?

                Of course, in my life I’ve got so much poppy .... what I haven’t written any literature, but I have more than one of the tags on the site tongue
                1. kalibr 6 January 2020 21: 39 New
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                  Quote: Ruslan67
                  but I have more bastards on the site

                  Drawn little stitches are measured in kindergarten. But since you have so many of them, it’s good, that means there were a lot of clicks from you, the site you brought some benefit. And me too ... I'm glad.
                  1. The comment was deleted.
                    1. kalibr 6 January 2020 22: 04 New
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                      But here it is not necessary to be rude!
                      1. Ruslan67 6 January 2020 22: 10 New
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                        Quote: kalibr
                        But here it is not necessary to be rude!

                        Plagiarism my friend wink See above tongue
                        Vyacheslav hi A little more and ... a famous writer (quality is discussed recourse 0 will bring to the level of Father Fyodor yes Let's Merry Christmas drinks
                      2. kalibr 6 January 2020 22: 15 New
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                        Quote: Ruslan67
                        Let's Merry Christmas

                        Looking for something ...
                      3. Ruslan67 6 January 2020 22: 19 New
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                        Quote: kalibr
                        Looking for something ...

                        Ice cream, cake, the key to the apartment where the money is yes Well, as a punishment, copyrights to your works with their mandatory reading in the presence of witnesses crying
                      4. kalibr 6 January 2020 22: 24 New
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                        Ek, how does it make you up, however. Just an evening of satire and humor. For a long time there were no such fun people here. I can imagine how this is read by all visitors to the site who have everything in order. That is what they are laughing at. But you go on. Everyone explained to you what and how - work on.
                      5. Ruslan67 6 January 2020 22: 30 New
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                        Quote: kalibr
                        Ek, how does it make you up, however.

                        On the seventh day of the holidays you can frolic
                        Quote: kalibr
                        For a long time there were no such fun people here.

                        As soon as the media became instead of the forum, everyone got it out. One Mikhan slams into the wall
                        Quote: kalibr
                        I can imagine how this is read by all visitors to the site who have everything in order.

                        Just like you
  • Ruslan67 6 January 2020 21: 18 New
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    Quote: sergo1914
    Wilde O. "

    And who are you?! am
    1. sergo1914 6 January 2020 21: 24 New
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      Quote: Ruslan67
      Quote: sergo1914
      Wilde O. "

      And who are you?! am


      The teacher answered. He is an ordinary British fagot. It should be outlined.
      1. kalibr 6 January 2020 21: 28 New
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        I don’t understand why are you writing this? Do you want to demonstrate your wit to readers of the site?
  • Tarasios 7 January 2020 08: 37 New
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    Quote: svp67
    Quote: Tarasios
    That's interesting: it seems that all the soot was sitting only on a picture of Rembrandt?

    Or maybe it was it that was highlighted more?

    yeah, and very evenly, it should be noted;)
  • vladcub 7 January 2020 10: 16 New
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    Quote: Korsar4
    But

    Or maybe a little robber, remember the movie: "The Snow Queen"?
  • Comrade Kim 8 January 2020 22: 43 New
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    Quote: kalibr
    I had to "shovel" a lot of things, bring them together, look ... I was, honestly, glad when I put an end to it.

    Thank you so much for analyzing the picture, "mixing" into such a good article.
    Decent work!