Military Review

On the doorstep. Americans are ready to deploy directional energy systems

110

Lockheed Martin is participating in the US Navy program called SHiELD ATD, which will develop a small high-power laser system for mounting on aircraft and protecting them from air-to-air and air-to-air missiles


After several decades of laser technology, the Pentagon is finally on the verge of deployment weapons directed energy. Nevertheless, a number of problems remain that hinder the deployment of this technology in the troops.

When the U.S. Department of Defense decided in May this year to deploy the Patriot division to the Middle East to counter what they call the heightened threat of Iran, it deployed personnel that were already too exhausted by periodic rotations.

“As for the missile defense forces, we in the Middle East regularly faced this problem long before this deployment,” the then deputy minister told reporters, noting that in May Patriot units the ratio of combat duty and rest in May was less than 1: 1. At the beginning of the year, the overall ratio of combat duty and rest was about 1: 1,4, while the command set the goal to achieve the ratio 1: 3.

While the American army is looking for ways to reduce the number of continuous two-shift rotations and increase the level of combat readiness, the agenda raises the no less acute question of how the future combination of kinetic and non-kinetic weapons will affect its combat needs.

“If you must engage in a battle with an almost equal rival, the Patriot complex will be effective, but will it ultimately be able to weaken or neutralize the threat?” Perhaps not. Therefore, over time, you will see new opportunities that will be introduced into our arsenal of missile defense ”,

He said, adding that future major investments in the development of weapons of directed energy could change the tactical model of the army.

"Otherwise, you will continue to accumulate Patriot batteries, trying to deal with an increasing number of threats."


The Pentagon has been hunting for directional energy technologies for decades, and it often seemed that "the bird is already in the cage." Many US military officials believe that today the situation has fundamentally changed, and recent advances in this area inspire the country's armed forces with the hope of soon deploying real weapon systems for various combat missions.

Although the Pentagon seems optimistic about the deployment of directional energy systems in the near future, especially high-power lasers, there are many unresolved problems. From differences in tactical and strategic capabilities to issues related to the scalability or scalability of lasers and the financing of competing projects, the armed forces still have much to overcome.

On the doorstep. Americans are ready to deploy directional energy systems

The Stryker armored vehicle with the installed MEHEL system using 5-kW laser to combat UAVs during the US Army exercises in 2017

Change of needs


Almost six decades have passed since the advent of the laser, and almost all the time the Ministry of Defense was looking for ways to develop this technology with the goal of creating weapons of the next generation. For air defense forces, such systems promise a lower cost per defeat and at the same time a reduction in ammunition consumption. For example, if China launches many cheap missiles on an American ship, then theoretically a powerful laser could be used to direct and destroy them later.

Dr. Robert Afzal, a leading laser technology specialist at Lockheed Martin, believes that so far, two factors have prevented the implementation of laser technology: the Department of Defense’s initial focus on strategic weapons and its underdevelopment.

In the past, the military allocated funds for directional energy research in projects such as the now closed YAL-1 Airborne Laser program, which was jointly implemented by the US Air Force and the Missile Defense Agency. As part of this initiative, a chemical laser was installed on the modified Boeing 747-400F aircraft to intercept ballistic missiles during the acceleration phase.

“At that time, the emphasis was always on strategic confrontation, which required very large and very powerful laser systems.” Today, the proliferation of unmanned aerial vehicles and small boats has contributed to a partial shift in Pentagon's short-term focus on tactical systems. This helps the military gradually scale weapons systems with an eye to tackling new threats.
In April 2019, a discussion was held at the Brookings Institution in Washington. “I have a little idea of ​​the short and medium term prospects of directed energy,”

- noted a senior researcher at the institute.

“Apparently, directed energy can help us in a very, very specific tactical environment. The idea of ​​creating a sufficiently large laser to provide a territorial missile defense is quite unrealistic, while protecting a specific machine with an active system is a little more realistic. ”


At that time, the then US Army Secretary of State noted that progress in the field of directed energy “has moved further than you can imagine”, and the army’s decision to restore maneuverable air defense for its heavy units makes it possible to deploy new laser weapons.
“Based on existing and new threats, this is really a big deal for us. As for where the technology goes, we are close to owning a deployable system that can shoot down drones, small planes and similar objects. ”



Raytheon company demonstrated a system to combat swarm of drones, consisting of a weapon subsystem with a high-energy laser and a powerful microwave installation

Technological obstacles


To create high-power laser systems capable of shooting down drones, the widest spectrum technology is needed. In addition to the base platform, a radar is used to detect air threats and various sensors to capture the target. Then the target is tracked, the aiming point is determined, the laser is activated and holds the beam at this point until the UAV inflicts unacceptable damage.

For several decades, researchers developing these lasers have been able to test a number of concepts, including major investments in chemical weapons, and then shifted their focus to scaling fiber optic lasers.

“The advantage of fiber lasers is that you can fit these lasers into much smaller dimensions.”

- said during a meeting with reporters the director of the Office of DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency).

The YAL-1 ABL system, for example, used a high-energy chemical oxygen-iodine laser and, although it successfully intercepted the test target in the 2010 year, its development stopped after almost 15 years of funding. At that time, then Secretary of Defense Robert Gates publicly questioned the operational readiness of the ABL and criticized its effective range.

One of the drawbacks of chemical lasers is that the laser stops working when chemicals are consumed. “In this case, your store is limited, and the goal was always to create a laser that works on electricity. After all, while you have the opportunity to generate electricity on your platform, either through an on-board generator or a battery pack, your laser will work, ”Afzal said.

In recent years, the Department of Defense has increased investments in the development of an electric fiber laser, but has also encountered serious problems, especially when developing a laser with reduced mass and energy characteristics.

In the past, every time developers, trying to increase the power of a fiber laser to the required level for combat missions, built large-sized lasers, which in particular created problems with excessive heat generation. When the laser system generates a beam, heat is also generated, and if the system is not able to divert it from the installation, the laser begins to overheat and the quality of the beam deteriorates, which means that the beam cannot focus on the target and the laser efficiency decreases.

As the military strives to increase the power of electric lasers, while limiting the increase in mass-dimensional and energy-consuming characteristics of systems, the efficiency factor comes to the fore; the higher the electrical efficiency, the less energy is needed to operate and cool the system.

A representative of the US Army working on high-power lasers said that although generators can usually power 10 kW systems without problems, problems begin when the power of the laser systems increases. “When increasing the power of a combat laser to 50 kW or more, unique energy sources, such as batteries and the like, should already be used.”

For example, if you take a laser system with 100 kW, which has an efficiency of approximately 30%, then it will require a power of 300 kW. However, if the platform on which it is installed generates only 100 kW of power, the user needs batteries to cover the difference. When the batteries are discharged, the laser stops working until the generator recharges them again.

“The system must be extremely effective, starting from the generation of energy and its further transformation into photons that are sent to the target,”

- noted the representative of Lockheed Martin.

Meanwhile, Rolls-Royce LibertyWorks said it has been working for more than a decade to integrate a power and heat control system that can be used in high-power laser systems and has recently “made significant technological breakthroughs.”

A Rolls-Royce statement said these breakthroughs relate to areas such as "electrical power, thermal management, temperature control and monitoring, instant energy availability and business continuity." They added that customer testing of the system will begin at the end of this year, and if they are successfully completed, it may be possible to supply modular integrated solutions for power control and heat removal for army programs and fleet.


One of the drones, knocked out by the MEHEL laser system in 2017 year

Looking for solutions


The DARPA Office and the Lincoln Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have successfully developed a small-sized high-power fiber laser, which was demonstrated in October this year. However, they refused to clarify the details of this project, including the power level.

While the military and companies have claimed success in developing military lasers, Afzal said Lockheed Martin’s efforts to address some technological challenges include a “spectral beam combining process that is somewhat reminiscent of the cover of Dark Side of the Moon album Pink Floyd bands. "

“I can’t manufacture a 100 kW fiber laser if there are scaling problems. The breakthrough was made possible thanks to the ability to expand high-power fiber lasers using a beam-combining technique rather than just trying to build a larger laser unit of a larger size. ”


“Laser beams from several laser modules, each with a specific wavelength, pass through a diffraction grating similar to a prism. Then, if all wavelengths and angles are correct, then there is not mutual absorption, but alignment of wavelengths in strict sequence one after another, as a result of which the power grows proportionally, ”Afzal explained. - You can scale the laser power by adding modules or increasing the power of each module, without trying to just build a huge laser. It’s more like parallel computing, not a supercomputer. ”


Raytheon showcases its powerful US military microwave system mounted in a shipping container

Together


Much attention is paid to the potential of high-power lasers, but at the same time, the US military and industry also see the potential of using powerful ultra-high frequencies to shoot down swarms of drones or combine them with lasers.

“Combining technology may be a good solution,” General Neil Turgood of the Critical Technology Office told reporters. - That is, you can hit many objects with a laser. But I can hit more targets with two lasers, I can hit more targets with lasers and powerful microwaves. Work in this area has already begun. ”

The directed energy expert at Raytheon, Don Sullivan, for his part, spoke about work in this direction. In particular, he said that Raytheon combined a high-power laser with a multispectral sighting system on a Polaris MRZR, while developing a high-power microwave system that is mounted in a transport container. Raytheon demonstrated these technologies individually during the Army Maneuver Fires Integrated Experiment (MFIX) experiment in the 2017 year, and in the 2018 year, their joint work during tests conducted by the U.S. Air Force at the White Sands training ground.

Sullivan said the laser system was used to shoot down drones flying over long distances, while powerful microwaves were used to protect the near field and disrupt swarm UAV attacks.

“Of course, the Air Force sees and understands the complementary nature of both technologies in performing not only the tasks of fighting drones, but also other tasks.”



In March of 2018, Lockheed Martin won a contract for 150 million dollars (with options up to 943 million) for the development, production and supply of two HELIOS systems to the U.S. fleet for 2020

In the Navy


When it comes to problems of mass, volume and energy, warships with their large sizes have a clear advantage over land and air platforms, which allowed naval officers to launch several projects at once.

The fleet is working on the Navy Laser Family of Systems (NLFoS) family of laser systems, an initiative to deploy high-power ship laser systems in the near future. This Navy initiative includes: SSL-TM (Solid-State Laser Technology Maturation) technology development program; 150-kW high-energy laser in a protected version of RHEL (Ruggedized High Energy Laser); Optical Dazzling Interdictor Optical Dazzle Laser for Arleigh Burke Project Destroyers; and the HELIOS project (High Energy Laser and Integrated Optical-dazzler with Surveillance).

According to a report from the Congressional Research Service, the fleet also implements the HELCAP (High Energy Laser Counter-Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Program) program, which borrows NLFoS technology to develop advanced laser weapons to combat anti-ship cruise missiles.

The HELIOS program aims to provide surface combat ships and other platforms with three systems: a 60 kW laser; surveillance, reconnaissance and long-range information collection tools, and a dazzling device to combat UAVs. Unlike other lasers tested on US Navy ships, which are installed on ships as additional systems, HELIOS will become an integrated part of the ship’s combat system. The Aegis weapon system will provide fire control for standard missiles, along with the planning and selection of appropriate weapons depending on the type of target.

In March of 2018, Lockheed Martin received a contract worth 150 million dollars (with options for another 943 million) to develop, manufacture and supply two systems by the end of 2020. In the 2020 year, the fleet plans to conduct an analysis of the HELIOS project in order to ensure that it meets the requirements.

A report from the Congressional Service notes that integrating lasers into ships potentially offers many benefits: shorter combat contact times, the ability to deal with actively maneuvering missiles, precise targeting and accurate response, ranging from warning targets to reversible jamming of their systems. It is noted that potential restrictions remain.

According to the report, these restrictions include: shelling only in direct line of sight; problems with atmospheric absorption, scattering and turbulence; thermal diffusion, when the laser heats the air, which can defocus the laser beam; the difficulty of repelling swarm attacks, defeating hardened targets and electronic suppression systems; as well as the risk of collateral damage to aircraft, satellites and human vision.

The potential shortcomings of high-power laser weapons noted in the report are not unique to the Navy; other types of armed forces also face similar problems.

For its part, the Marine Corps (ILC) specified tactics, methods and methods for the combat use of the Boeing CLWS (Compact Laser Weapon System) laser system, which is installed in a transport container.

A Boeing spokesman said it was planning to upgrade the CLWS system by increasing power from 2 to 5 kW. At the same time, he noted that an increase in power will reduce the time required to shoot down small-sized drones. “The Navy wants to get a very fast system that can give the desired capabilities. They are in the process of verifying the characteristics of these systems, in connection with which they have given us a contract for their modernization and capacity increase. ”


Boeing also installed its CLWS laser on the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle

Desire to invest


Throughout the first half of this year, the army command was engaged in determining current programs for directed energy and developing a long-term plan for transferring projects from the development stage to the stage of practical combat use.

As part of this activity, General Turgud was given 45 days to clarify and collect all current projects into a single register. This may result in some of them being rejected. “Once we set up the Office of High Technology, I made a special effort to find all competing directed energy projects. Everyone is working on what is called directed energy, and I’m trying to understand what this really means and what is really happening there, ”Turgud said at a hearing at the committee on the armed forces.

At the end of May, the army command approved a comprehensive plan, which provides for increased investment and accelerated development of laser and microwave technologies in various army projects. During a press conference, Turgud announced that the army had decided to accelerate the MMHEL (Multi-Mission High Energy Laser) program, in which 50-kW lasers would be installed on Stryker armored vehicles as part of a short-range air defense system. If everything goes according to plan, then by the end of the 2021 year the army will adopt four cars with laser systems.

It is not yet clear which initiatives will be combined or closed, but Turgud said that this will certainly happen. “Some people are working, say, on an 150-kW laser, which will ultimately be installed on a truck and trailer or ship. “We don’t need our own 150 kW laser program, we can combine such projects together, accelerate this process and save resources for our country.”

Meanwhile, a number of directed energy initiatives remain in the army's portfolio. For example, the army used MEHEL (Mobile Experimental High Energy Laser) in order to accelerate the development of promising laser systems and to develop tactical techniques, methods and principles of combat use related to the operation of such systems. Under the MEHEL project, the army installed Stryker on a machine and tested lasers up to 10 kW.

In May 2019, a group led by Dynetics announced that it had been selected to develop an 100 kW armament system and install it on FMTV trucks (Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles - medium-duty military vehicles) under the HEL high-power laser setup demo development program TVD (High Energy Laser Tactical Vehicle Demonstrator). This is being implemented as part of the army’s work on directional energy weapons designed to combat missiles, artillery shells and mortar mines, as well as drones.

In accordance with a three-year contract worth 130 million dollars, a tripartite group was formed (US Army, Lockheed Martin and Rolls-Royce) to prepare a critical analysis of the project, in which the final laser design will be determined, after which the system itself will be fabricated and installed on the FMTV truck 6x6 for field tests at the White Sands missile test site in 2022.

This trio plans to increase the power of Fiber Laser Lockheed Martin, for which Rolls-Royce is developing a power system. At the same time, Rolls-Royce refused to disclose whether it would use its new integrated energy management and heat transfer control system.

In 2018, the army announced it was working separately with Lockheed Martin to equip the drones with a powerful microwave system to shoot down other drones. Under a contract worth 12,5 million dollars, this duo will develop an airborne anti-drone system. Possible payloads for UAVs will include explosive devices, networks, and microwave installations.

However, the director of the DARPA Office told reporters that despite progress in the field of directed energy, the armed forces are still far from integrating technology into the aircraft, and therefore ships and ground vehicles are likely to become the first base platforms.


Boeing CLWS laser device on a tripod. The ILC also put this system in shipping containers

In the sky


The U.S. Air Force is also implementing directional energy projects, including those developed under the SHiELD ATD (Self-Protect High Energy Laser Demonstrator - Advanced Technology Demonstrator) prototype program, which includes the installation of a small high-power laser system on aircraft to protect against missiles ground-to-air and air-to-air class.

At the beginning of this year, the Air Force research lab announced that it had achieved intermediate success when it used a ground-based test sample to shoot down several missiles. As technology evolves, the US Air Force plans to make the system smaller and easier and adapt it for aircraft.

A more ambitious plan by the Pentagon and the Missile Defense Agency is a retrospective of President Ronald Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative project, also known as Star Wars, which theoretically provides for the deployment of laser weapon systems in space.

In January this year, the Trump administration published a long-awaited missile defense review, which positively assessed the work of the Missile Defense Agency in developing directed energy weapons to intercept ballistic missiles in the upper part of the trajectory. In 2017, for example, the Agency issued a request for information on high-altitude drones with a long flight duration, which would have a load capacity that allows the installation of powerful lasers for the destruction of intercontinental ballistic missiles in the upper stage. The request for proposals, issued in 2017, provides that the UAV will fly at altitudes of at least 19000 meters, have a load capacity of at least 2286 kg and available power from 140 kW to 280 kW. In order to create a promising installation for such drones, the Agency is working with Boeing, General Atomics and Lockheed Martin, exploring the possibility of implementing high-power laser technology on board UAVs.

“As for us, we place particular emphasis on capture, tracking and guidance,”

- noted the representative of Boeing.

“These are really our key competencies, which we have gained while working with chemical lasers. Boeing has demonstrated this in all of its systems and has shown that, using existing technologies, you can create a compact, highly efficient capture, tracking and guidance system and integrate it into any laser device without any problems, thereby significantly increasing its capabilities. ”
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  1. Pravdalyub
    Pravdalyub 12 December 2019 05: 35
    -9
    You can’t buy all the brains! Far from the United States to Russia, let them catch up. And Russia at this time will go even further ...
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Rostislav Bely
      Rostislav Bely 12 December 2019 13: 34
      -7
      They are far from us, in Soviet times ... they burned through and through 3-centimeter targets - metal plates with a laser (the sound is of course loud due to the resonance of the target), they even said that the helicopter was burned through and through in the engine area (they told on autopilot raised 4 meters from the surface) - and now, with the development of technology, they have stepped forward, the compactness of energy sources, etc., is like "Peresvet"
      so they just have little kids for comedians, not for war)))
      1. The comment was deleted.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. Dzafdet
          Dzafdet 12 December 2019 16: 19
          -6
          At one time, ours irradiated the lunar surface with a 100 MW laser pulse, and in one institute 3 cubic meters blocks were knocked out of the wall with a laser beam, but you can’t convince you of the opposite, right? laughing tongue wassat
          1. vadim dok
            vadim dok 12 December 2019 16: 43
            +3
            If it’s not difficult for you, please link! Or the name of the literature with reference to these (these) events! Thanks in advance!
            1. Dzafdet
              Dzafdet 13 December 2019 18: 04
              +1
              He learned from a conversation with a candidate of technical sciences, specializing in lasers and their application in the defense industry. And after the moon’s probe, the Americans stopped publishing about SDI ...
              1. Vadim237
                Vadim237 13 December 2019 23: 35
                0
                There were no combat lasers with a rated power of 100 MW in the USSR, but what you were talking about was the laser locator on the Sary Shagan rangefinder that we tested on the American Shuttle, the Terra 3 program created a laser with radiation energy of 1MJ or more for missile defense in the USSR.
          2. ser56
            ser56 12 December 2019 17: 11
            +3
            Quote: Dzafdet
            100 MW

            do not translate a unit of power? Is it a mega-gig of watts? hi
            1. Dzafdet
              Dzafdet 13 December 2019 18: 05
              0
              Megawatts ... 100 megawatts ... Are there any such installations now? The big question is ..
              1. ser56
                ser56 14 December 2019 13: 40
                0
                Quote: Dzafdet
                Megawatts.

                in SI the abbreviation M
                Quote: Dzafdet
                Are there any such installations now? The big question is ..

                just for you - go to the VNIIEF website, Sarov ... request Code Words - Spark -5, Spark-6 hi
              2. GAF
                GAF 19 December 2019 22: 00
                0
                Megawatts ... 100 megawatts ... Are there any such installations now? The big question.

                There are on Therawatts in impulse, but their duration is in Picosek. Important energy = power x pulse duration.
        3. ser56
          ser56 12 December 2019 16: 57
          +4
          Quote: Andriy Shevchyk
          When I hear that the USSR was overtaking the USA in something in the style of "there are no analogues

          so, just an example ....
          "Six-sided injection of an electron beam was applied at the ISE SB RAS (Tomsk) in the design of an excimer laser based on the XeCl molecule (= 308 nm). The installation used 12 electron accelerators with direct discharge of Marx generators on vacuum diodes with graphite explosive-emission cathodes.
          Each accelerator generated an electron beam with a cross section of 25 × 100 cm2 with a pulse duration of 1 μs, an electron energy of 600 keV, and a current of 60 kA. The accelerators were placed on two levels and pumped a coaxial volume of 600 liters. The Marx generators worked with high switching accuracy (up to 10 ns). The total electron current was 700 kA. An energy of 2 kJ was obtained in the radiation. "
          1. ser56
            ser56 12 December 2019 16: 58
            +3

            this is a photo of this laser
        4. Rostislav Bely
          Rostislav Bely 12 December 2019 17: 30
          +2
          Your mustache has come unstuck hi (change training manual)
          Orange is a person who has arrogated to himself the position of an authoritative thief in the criminal world, but he himself has not personally passed all the typical procedures and tests characteristic of the biography of a real classic candidate for authoritative thieves (he did not sit in prisons and ITC under certain articles of the Criminal Code, which is alien to the interests and aspirations of prisoners etc)
        5. Alex777
          Alex777 12 December 2019 18: 40
          +5
          When I hear that the USSR was overtaking the United States in something in the style of "there are no analogues", then 99% of this turned out to be a lie in an elementary analysis of the situation using a search in Google.

          Especially for people like you:
          The first example is Gagarin and his first-ever space flight,
          The second example is the RCC Basalt / Volcano (comparing Harpoons with them is ridiculous),
          The third example is Yak 141 ...
          There are many examples. Since you did not find them, it means you do not know how to use Google. bully
          1. Nick
            Nick 12 December 2019 22: 42
            +3
            Quote: Alex777
            Third Example - Yak 141

            Fourth - hydrofoils
            Fifth - ekranoplans.
            sixth - the first nuclear power plant ...
        6. Arkon
          Arkon 12 December 2019 19: 08
          +5
          Quote: Andriy Shevchyk
          Here you have the 1980 American laser .... shot down supersonic target missiles in tests ...


          In the photo is a chemical (fluoride) laser MIRACL. There is no evidence that he shot down any missiles, but there is evidence that he could not damage the satellite in orbit. And there is also evidence that the Pentagon has abandoned chemical lasers because of their low efficiency.
        7. xax
          xax 12 December 2019 19: 41
          +3
          Quote: Andriy Shevchyk
          99% it turned out to be a lie

          Far-fetched people are often prone to such categorization.
          They like similar comments.
        8. shinobi
          shinobi 13 December 2019 12: 40
          +2
          Both they and we have the technologies. Long ago, everything rests on one single problem that nobody has solved, compact powerful energy sources. Packaged fiber-optic lasers are quite compact, can be installed on a passenger car, but no less voracious than their older brothers gas lasers. Please note that our Peresvet, the emitting module itself is quite small, but located on a large van of a mobile power station capable of supplying electricity to a small army town. So all these laudatory blah blah blah Yankis are nothing more than empty bragging and attempts to take on a show off.
        9. Local from the Volga
          Local from the Volga 14 December 2019 17: 13
          -1
          Go fat
        10. michaelruss
          michaelruss 21 December 2019 18: 07
          -1
          Googling ... is ridiculous. It’s even funnier to take data on Wikipedia.
          On a note. In the 80s, a stationary laser of the USSR from the territory of present-day Kazakhstan caused (with a 1% power beam) endless diarrhea among the Apollo crew (this is not what Google believed in the moon :))) such an apollon did not exist in nature as and the Americans on the Moon) and the fact that he flew in the joint Soyuz-Apollo program.
          Information for reflection: - What prevented the Americans from repeating this successful experiment of 1980 at least once in the period of 2019--1980? I wonder why they now can’t bring down a supersonic target with the necessary probability? Even missile defense and then hardly comes out, once again.
        11. Islander-o
          Islander-o 29 December 2019 20: 44
          0
          Well, "Google" - et, kanechna, ikspe-ert! :) You, good sir, should, in addition to the National Interest, Yahoo and Arm Chair Military Expert Review, read more serious sources. The USSR also tested a combat laser at the Sary-Shagan training ground using the Atlantis shuttle. By the way, "illiterate" Russian quilted jackets (Bason N.G. and Prokhorov A.M.) for the first time practically confirmed the possibility of "forced radiation" ... Success to you in understanding the world through the prism of your sources ...
      2. Vadim237
        Vadim237 13 December 2019 13: 49
        -4
        Yes, hell there back in the 2002th they took off a plane under the ABL program with a megawatt laser YAL 1 -
        "On February 3, 2010, a laser was successfully tested in flight against a solid-propellant ballistic missile.
        On February 11, 2010, the American Missile Defense Agency, conducted a test of a combat laser in flight to destroy ballistic missiles. According to a press release from the agency, the laser system was fired at two targets simulating solid and liquid fuel ballistic missiles in the accelerating section of the trajectory.

        Tests of an air-based laser were conducted at the Point Mugu Air Force Base in California. Ballistic missile with LRE launched from a mobile platform at sea. The defeat of the target was carried out in several stages. At the first stage, the target was detected using on-board sensors and the target was followed by a TILL laser beam. Then a BILL laser was used to evaluate the effect of the atmosphere on the accuracy of the hit. After that, a megawatt-class combat laser shot at full power, which heated the rocket to a critical temperature and caused an irreversible violation of its design. Reported damage to the target (the rocket was in the active part of the trajectory). About two minutes passed from the start to the defeat of the target.

        Less than an hour after the first missile was hit, a solid-propellant rocket (identical to the one shot down during the February 3 test) was launched from San Nicholas Island, California, about 100 km from Poin Mugu. Reported a successful defeat and the second goal. "This program was closed, but the developments on it remained, as in all areas of SDI for which from 1983 to 1994 were allocated $ 26 billion and now in the United States is undergoing a stage of completion and improvement of developments - all that has they turned out in the following directions: lasers, microwave guns, neutron beam weapons, railguns, space interceptors, anti-missile missile defense systems for detecting selection of false targets and others - I do not advise underestimating their groundwork and capabilities.
        1. michaelruss
          michaelruss 21 December 2019 18: 12
          0
          Closed for some reason? Effective projects do not close. Why are inefficient Aegis (well, it can’t in any way bring down a ballistic target with a satisfactory probability) by all means trying to improve, refine, develop, etc. What type of effective laser was turned off? Maybe the situation is like with TAAD AND Patriot - at the training ground (when no one sees) they shoot everything down, but in practice it’s better to run at the start of the shelling, since they are not only ineffective in repelling the blow, but look at your own mouths.
        2. Islander-o
          Islander-o 29 December 2019 20: 47
          0
          But no one says that the Amts did not achieve anything. Simply, the achievements were not impressive ...
    3. Kirill Dou
      Kirill Dou 12 December 2019 14: 57
      0
      and where did Russia go far from the USA in lasers?
      1. ser56
        ser56 12 December 2019 17: 00
        +3
        Quote: Kirill Dou
        and where did Russia go far from the USA in lasers?

        fiber lasers created in Russia - V.P. Gapontsev created the international corporation IPG Photonics, which currently controls 80% of the global market for high-power fiber lasers.
        1. _Ugene_
          _Ugene_ 12 December 2019 22: 17
          +3
          Just what is Russian there? Gapontsev has a 35% stake in IPG Photonics, but he is not Russian - he has dual citizenship and has lived in the United States for a long time. The company was founded in 1990 in Russia, and in 2000 moved to the United States. The company is headquartered in Oxford, Massachusetts, USA. Production around the world, including in Russia, in Fryazevo.
          Sikorsky was also Russian, but what do we get from this? The company is American.
          1. Nick
            Nick 12 December 2019 22: 45
            0
            Quote: _Ugene_
            Just what is Russian there? Gapontsev has a 35% stake in IPG Photonics, but he is not Russian - he has dual citizenship

            But it was created in Russia.
          2. ser56
            ser56 13 December 2019 11: 46
            -2
            Quote: _Ugene_
            but he is not Russian - he has dual citizenship

            do you read yourself bully
            Quote: _Ugene_
            and in 2000 she moved to the United States.

            He is a free man. Maybe this will be a thought for our government, why do many entrepreneurs move from the country?
            Quote: _Ugene_
            but what is it to us?

            1) Who is this for us? feel What have you personally done for the heyday of Russia? request
            2) Sikorsky emigrated under the threat of shooting, he had already served in the Cheka by this time hi
            1. _Ugene_
              _Ugene_ 13 December 2019 14: 08
              0
              a US citizen, lives in the USA and an American company, so, in fact, it has the same attitude to Russia as any other American company, everything else is your emotions
              1. ser56
                ser56 13 December 2019 14: 20
                -1
                Quote: _Ugene_
                US citizen

                Quote: _Ugene_
                he has dual citizenship

                you already decide ... hi
                Quote: _Ugene_
                and american company

                But what about Gazprom or Sberbank? The shareholders are different there ...
                Quote: _Ugene_
                everything else is your emotions

                actually, I just gave an example ... request
                1. _Ugene_
                  _Ugene_ 13 December 2019 15: 27
                  +1
                  what's the use for Russia that Gapontsev has dual citizenship? IPG Photonics is an American company, we can only be proud that the founder of the American company is Russian, nothing more
                  A controlling stake in Sberbank belongs to the Central Bank of Russia (50% + 1 share), a controlling stake in Gazprom is Rosimushchestvo (38,37%), Rosneftegaz (10,74%), and Rosgazification (0,89%).
                  1. ser56
                    ser56 13 December 2019 15: 30
                    -1
                    Quote: _Ugene_
                    what's the use for Russia that Gapontsev has dual citizenship?

                    you already decide ... bully
                    1. _Ugene_
                      _Ugene_ 13 December 2019 15: 31
                      +3
                      I have nothing to decide here, it's just a fact
                      if Bill Gates gets a second citizenship - Russian, Microsoft will not become a Russian company from this
      2. Nick
        Nick 12 December 2019 22: 43
        0
        Quote: Kirill Dou
        and where did Russia go far from the USA in lasers?

        In Peresvet, already placed in the troops.
        1. Big Cat
          Big Cat 13 December 2019 17: 44
          -1
          How many of these Relights have already been delivered?
          1. Nick
            Nick 14 December 2019 00: 22
            0
            Quote: Big Cat
            How many of these Relights have already been delivered?

            Why are you interested in?
          2. Stas Andreev
            Stas Andreev 22 December 2019 05: 20
            0
            About 1246 pieces.
        2. Kirill Dou
          Kirill Dou 14 December 2019 15: 25
          -2
          And what can this "Peresvet" put in the army? Does it have exact characteristics? Are there any shooting results? Such information is available on American laser weapons programs. According to "Peresvet" - no. And, as a rule, the absence of any information means at least controversial results, and usually - a discrepancy between a real sample and its declared capabilities.
          1. Nick
            Nick 14 December 2019 19: 49
            0
            Quote: Kirill Dou
            And what can this "Peresvet" put in the army? Does it have exact characteristics? Are there any shooting results?

            This is classified information. But it is known that the personnel underwent the necessary retraining on the basis of the Mozhaisky Military Space Academy. Hence, we can assume that the Peresvets are built into the videoconferencing system as one of its elements. Considering that Peresvet was developed at the Russian Nuclear Center in Sarov, which, among other things, is developing high-energy lasers, it can be assumed that the Peresvet system is based on a high-energy combat laser.
            In general, today we know that: as early as 2017, combat lasers have been protecting the skies of Russia from enemy attacks.
            Quote: Kirill Dou
            For American laser weapon programs, such information is available.

            Yes, there is information that the United States is on the threshold. Read the headline. And Russia already in 2017 adopted the system into service.
            1. Kirill Dou
              Kirill Dou 16 December 2019 01: 17
              0
              Hence can be assumedthat Peresvet are built into the videoconferencing system as one of its elements.
              - that is, it is solely your assumption.

              Today, we know that: as early as 2017, combat lasers have been protecting the skies of Russia from enemy attacks.
              - no, it is not known. You yourself wrote above what "can be assumed."

              And Russia already in 2017 adopted the system into service.
              - we read your "can be assumed" above.

              Total: there is a video of tests of American laser systems and information about the results of these tests. Absolutely nothing is known about "Peresvet". No test videos, no results, not even precise specifications.
              1. Nick
                Nick 16 December 2019 02: 21
                0
                Quote: Kirill Dou
                - that is, it is solely your assumption.

                Yes, based on known facts, not speculation.
                Quote: Kirill Dou
                today we know that: as early as 2017, combat lasers have been covering the skies of Russia from enemy attacks. Read carefully.
                - no, it is not known. You yourself wrote above what "can be assumed."

                I wrote about what can be assumed, based on known facts, using logical inferences, that the "Peresvet" system is part of the structure of the videoconferencing system.
                Quote: Kirill Dou
                And Russia already in 2017 adopted the system into service.
                - we read your "can be assumed" above.

                My statement that Peresvet was put into service in 2017 follows not from an assumption, but from a statement by Russian President V.V. Putin, made by him in March 2018.
                You, along the way, read my comment from a great hangover. Everything mixed up in your head. Take care of your head.
          2. michaelruss
            michaelruss 21 December 2019 18: 24
            0
            There is no reliable data on the American program, there are ADVERTISING booklets and films, epics and the results of closed "tests" on unknown landfills and not confirmed by anyone except the interested party and videos on YouTube (there are a lot of videos and about landing on the Moon;))) Data provided and the characteristics provided by the Americans should be divided by 3 or even 10. Many have "miracle weapons" and goods (shop on the couch) for example. Invincible and invisible F22, which has never fought anywhere and even evades training fights (ah lied, once there was a fight with Raphael, who successfully missed F22 ...). And there were also assurances about F117 and other invisibles, which they landed in flocks in Iraq, and in Yugoslavia a couple and now they are forbidden to fly outside the United States. Patrio who knocks everything down on the ranges and nothing in reality. What Americans are ahead of the rest of the world is in self-promotion and advertising business.
            The fundamental difference between Peresvet and US laser pointers is that it has a nuclear installation, and this speaks of many times more power. By the way, the United States does not have a mobile nuclear installation and probably will not be in the coming years or decades, they are very complex
          3. Stas Andreev
            Stas Andreev 22 December 2019 05: 22
            -1
            Stupid question. Maybe you also have the key to the apartment where the money is?
          4. Anatoly Rukavishnikov
            Anatoly Rukavishnikov 27 February 2020 22: 19
            0
            OVERLIGHT was in battle 50 years ago. With a stunning result. I am a witness.
    4. Nick
      Nick 12 December 2019 22: 34
      0
      Quote: Truthfulness
      You can’t buy all the brains! Far from the United States to Russia, let them catch up. And Russia at this time will go even further ...

      You're right. In Russia, laser Peresvet, have already taken up on duty. hi
      1. Big Cat
        Big Cat 13 December 2019 17: 46
        +1
        I wonder where they entered and in what quantity?
        1. Nick
          Nick 14 December 2019 00: 24
          +1
          Quote: Big Cat
          I wonder where they entered and in what quantity?

          Interested in means. Contact the FSB. They will tell you everything and show you there. bully
    5. 3danimal
      3danimal 17 January 2020 03: 21
      -2
      Do you think there are few scientists in a 300 millionth country? Take an interest in research statistics and registered patents.
      But financing development, supplying researchers with everything necessary and in the shortest possible time - “there” is clearly better. And this affects the actual terms of work (without window dressing and assault).
    6. Anatoly Rukavishnikov
      Anatoly Rukavishnikov 27 February 2020 22: 17
      0
      Even 50 years ago, such systems were more powerful in our country.
      They crap one's pants on us
  2. bessmertniy
    bessmertniy 12 December 2019 06: 19
    +4
    When this weapon rises in quality and spreads around the world, the world will become much more dangerous than today. Especially if it falls into the hands of radicals.
    1. Same lech
      Same lech 12 December 2019 06: 32
      +13
      The world has become more dangerous now ... we are moving towards a global catastrophe by leaps and bounds.
      The types of weapons are becoming more diverse and becoming more sophisticated ... if this goes on and we will inevitably be on the verge of extinction from our planet ... alas, it is impossible to stop it now ... the craziness in the world is growing.
      1. Nick
        Nick 12 December 2019 22: 50
        -1
        Quote: The same LYOKHA
        The types of weapons are becoming more diverse and becoming more sophisticated ... if this goes on and we will inevitably be on the verge of extinction from our planet ... alas, it is impossible to stop it now ... the craziness in the world is growing.

        You are absolutely right. Apocalypse predicted thousands of years ago. It will be so.
    2. Last centurion
      Last centurion 12 December 2019 13: 29
      +1
      so a video guide on how to make a laser rifle from a pair of pointers has long been on YouTube. as well as guides on coil gans spreading watermelons and other railguns delivering barrels of water, as well as an automatic rifle on compressed air from Alex Guyver quite breaking through beer cans right through :). Although lethal weapons can be collected by any more or less sane radio amateur from parts from the radio market. Not well, the 5-level coil coil is generally available for sale in Ali and Bangood. BUT so far no one has died and nothing has spread. Since all who can repeat, this is usually sane people. So you should not be afraid of civilians in new technologies. And the military, as a rule, is also sane enough not to start a war where they should die in the first place ...
    3. Stas Andreev
      Stas Andreev 22 December 2019 05: 23
      -1
      ... and Ukrainians too))
  3. pmkemcity
    pmkemcity 12 December 2019 06: 25
    +1
    Energy performance ...
    1. Klingon
      Klingon 12 December 2019 12: 55
      0
      Quote: KCA
      Ready and ready, let them catch up. Peresvet was deployed and put on experimental combat duty for exactly two years

      that something takes doubt, showed only animation. where is the laser performance characteristics even approximate, where is the full-scale test showing?
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 12 December 2019 15: 05
        0
        "In 2012, the source reported that a gas laser pumped from a nuclear reactor, operating on an atomic transition of xenon, with a wavelength of 2,03 μm was created at RFNC-VNIITF (Snezhinsk). The output energy of a laser pulse was 500 J at peak power 1,3 MW. This device is the most compact in terms of the used volume of active gas medium (specific energy of laser radiation was 32 J / dm³) ". It looks like this is Peresvet.
        1. Svetlana
          Svetlana 18 December 2019 13: 31
          -1
          Quote: Vadim237
          The output energy of the laser pulse was 500 J at a peak power of 1,3 MW.
          Perhaps this is not overexposure, because
          - in the case of pulsed direct pumping of the laser volume of the active gas medium by the ionizing radiation of a nuclear reactor, difficulties will arise with the dimensions of the active core of the nuclear reactor and with the radiation protection of the channel for the output of optical radiation with a wavelength of 2,03 μm from the core.
          - pulse energy of 500 J is insufficient to detonate flying mines. For a guaranteed detonation, a total energy of 3..10 kilojoules is needed with an exposure duration of more than 0.1 seconds. With shorter exposure times, the low thermal conductivity of the shell material of the mines will not allow the heat absorbed by the shell to penetrate through the shell material of the flying mine to the explosive charge contained inside the mine, the surface of the shell of the mine will simply be ablated to a depth of <0.5 mm under pulsed irradiation with a duration of 0.0005 seconds and the absorbed heat dissipates along with pairs of the shell surface.
          - transparency windows in the range of 1.5-3 microns worse than in the visible range.

          - Judging by the dimensions, inside the Peresvet container there is a full-fledged nuclear power station with a nuclear reactor, a turbine and an electric generator, which are needed for electronically pumping LED radiation from an optical fiber laser, the radiation energy of individual optical fibers of which is summed on a diffraction grating.
          1. Shopping Mall
            Shopping Mall 22 December 2019 00: 35
            0
            Quote: Svetlana
            ...
            - Judging by the dimensions, inside the Peresvet container there is a full-fledged nuclear power station with a nuclear reactor, a turbine and an electric generator, which are needed for electronically pumping LED radiation from an optical fiber laser, the radiation energy of individual optical fibers of which is summed on a diffraction grating.


            I would like to believe that we have the technology for creating domestic high-power fiber lasers, it’s just strange that we don’t have industrial lasers of such power ...
          2. Mityay65
            Mityay65 16 February 2020 14: 24
            0
            Quote: Svetlana
            Judging by the dimensions, inside the Peresvet container there is a full-fledged nuclear power station with a nuclear reactor, a turbine and an electric generator,

            But why, in fact, is not an ordinary gas turbine power plant with a capacity of 16-25 MW at the terminals? In a mobile version? Why bother a nuclear reactor?
            Oil and gas people have such installations in block-modular (mobile, non-mobile) versions; they have been mastered for a long time. GTUE based on NK-16, NK-38, PS-90 and others.
            Everything is mastered, is mass-produced.
            1. Svetlana
              Svetlana 16 February 2020 17: 31
              0
              It's all about the dimensions. The dimensions of a closed gas turbine with a helium coolant and the heat source from a nuclear reactor with a capacity of 16-25 MW are much smaller than the dimensions of an open cycle gas turbine with the same electrical power at the terminals.
        2. Shopping Mall
          Shopping Mall 22 December 2019 00: 33
          0
          Quote: Vadim237
          "In 2012, the source reported that a gas laser pumped from a nuclear reactor, operating on an atomic transition of xenon, with a wavelength of 2,03 μm was created at RFNC-VNIITF (Snezhinsk). The output energy of a laser pulse was 500 J at peak power 1,3 MW. This device is the most compact in terms of the used volume of active gas medium (specific energy of laser radiation was 32 J / dm³) ". It looks like this is Peresvet.


          Any domestic developments in the field of laser weapons are very cool. But the revolution in military operations will be made on monstrous machines the size of the Death Star, and compact solid-state and fiber-optic lasers with a power of 300-1000 kW, which can be deployed primarily on air carriers, and secondly on ground vehicles and ships.

          When a fighter aircraft can accommodate 1-2 lasers with a power of 300 kW or larger aircraft, respectively 2-4 lasers with a power of 500 kW or more, the task of gaining superiority in the air will change dramatically.
      2. Stas Andreev
        Stas Andreev 22 December 2019 05: 24
        -1
        Poke around and see everything at once
  4. Monar
    Monar 12 December 2019 07: 08
    +6
    Well, there will be airplanes and rockets that shine on a mirror like cat balls. At least 90% of the entire spectrum from UV to IR will be wasted. Moreover, the same warhead missile can be further unwound around a horizontal axis. Burn optics - yes.
    1. Akuzenka
      Akuzenka 12 December 2019 11: 12
      -1
      Why should they shine? A sufficiently thin opaque (white-matte) layer of air (haze) near the body and the lion's share of the energy will dissipate.
      1. Monar
        Monar 12 December 2019 11: 47
        0
        Not enough. Haze for different components of the spectrum has a different absorption coefficient. And how do you imagine this? Smoke bomb in rocket nose? Well, for the experiment. Take the laser pointer and try to shine in foggy weather. How many meters of haze will it take to reduce the brightness by a factor of 2? Or near a very hot object, let a trickle of steam (haze) (IR radiation). Will much less heat be felt?
        And the mirror has only one limitation. Will the coating itself withstand the absorbed (not 100% reflected) energy without destruction.
        1. Mikhail3
          Mikhail3 12 December 2019 15: 56
          0
          Absorption, yeah. What about the plasma discharge that occurs in the atmosphere when it is heated by a high-energy beam? Zilch...
          1. Monar
            Monar 12 December 2019 18: 32
            +1
            Can you give more details? Well, there is a flash of a powerful laser, and after it a plasma discharge in the atmosphere.
        2. ser56
          ser56 12 December 2019 17: 03
          +1
          Quote: Monar
          How many meters of haze are there to reduce the brightness

          the haze turns into a plasma, which has good interaction cross sections with laser radiation ... hi
      2. ser56
        ser56 12 December 2019 17: 02
        -1
        Quote: AKuzenka
        Thin enough opaque

        there are other ways - you can rotate the product ... bully
    2. Fat
      Fat 13 December 2019 00: 11
      0
      I do not think that polychromatic lasers have such a large set of frequencies.
  5. rocket757
    rocket757 12 December 2019 07: 09
    +2
    On the doorstep. Americans are ready to deploy directional energy systems

    That's when they show, on previously unknown printers, then let's say OH!
    Everything that is already known, as soon as it becomes a real weapon, will have a corresponding opposition !!!
    Well discussed it, just recently!
    1. opus
      opus 12 December 2019 16: 35
      +4
      Quote: rocket757
      That's when they show, on previously unknown printers, then let's say OH!

      Tell me how to contact DARPA? I want to sell them a prototype and technology of a terrible weapon, "SLINGSHOT"

      Vorogov, even virtual windows and beett for one or two))))
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 12 December 2019 16: 55
        +1
        They've had it for a long time ... watch the old, old Hollywood movie, Team Alpha. There is an American super soldier, terrorists from a slingshot, heaped up, just so knock!
        1. opus
          opus 12 December 2019 16: 57
          0
          Quote: rocket757
          They have this for a long time.

          damn late.

          But is there such a crap?

          or current from me?
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 12 December 2019 17: 16
            0
            We don’t have one and don’t need it.
            1. opus
              opus 12 December 2019 17: 18
              +1
              Quote: rocket757
              Do not need.

  6. KCA
    KCA 12 December 2019 07: 15
    -4
    Ready and ready, let them catch up. Peresvet was deployed and put on experimental combat duty for exactly two years
    1. Andriy Shevchik
      Andriy Shevchik 12 December 2019 14: 18
      -2
      What makes you think that Peresvet is better than American lasers and they need to catch up? Are characteristics known or features shown?
      The fact that Peresvet was deployed does not really mean anything, someone is saving up money for a Mercedes, and someone will buy a fret right now.
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 13 December 2019 23: 41
        0
        It can be argued that this laser installation with a rated power of 1 MW or even more.
  7. Esaul
    Esaul 12 December 2019 08: 37
    -3
    Let them spend hundreds of billions of dollars on these lasers, and then we will take and begin to apply cheap mirror composition to the surface of rockets and planes.
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 12 December 2019 13: 17
      -1
      Mirror coating from a powerful laser will not save.
  8. Glory1974
    Glory1974 12 December 2019 08: 37
    +1
    I read "directed energy systems", thought about the remote transmission of electricity without wires, but it turns out it's a laser. wassat
    Another miracle weapon from him will not work. A laser is the same electromagnetic radiation that has the same properties as its other types. There is nothing revolutionary about it.
  9. srha
    srha 12 December 2019 09: 03
    +5
    pass through a prism-like diffraction grating
    - a very bad retelling (Interestingly, a representative or a journalist? I am for the second.), since the differential. the lattice does not look like a prism, but the ability of diff. gratings spread the spectrum similar on the spectrum from the prism (only in reverse order) there really is. There are many more such ridiculous statements.
  10. Basarev
    Basarev 12 December 2019 09: 58
    -2
    In my opinion, now it’s more efficient to use not just a laser, but an electric laser: the laser beam creates only an ionized channel through which current is supplied to the target.
    1. gridasov
      gridasov 13 December 2019 09: 48
      0
      Essentially absolutely true! The question is in the modulation of this level of perturbation and the construction of the transmission pulse algorithm. But, that the Russians, that the Americans have one technique and analysis and problem solving. Let the kids make fun.
  11. knn54
    knn54 12 December 2019 10: 05
    -2
    And where is the Lockheed fusion reactor in the photo?
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 12 December 2019 13: 18
      -4
      He threatened to show it in 2024.
  12. Whisper
    Whisper 12 December 2019 10: 27
    0
    In many areas of life, a breakthrough in batteries is waiting. But so far it does not work out. As the energy issue is resolved, the lasers will go. In this regard, it seems to me that the story of a mobile nuclear reactor is somehow more interesting! But this cosmic energy will be worth it!
  13. Operator
    Operator 12 December 2019 10: 30
    0
    The United States is not ready to adopt military lasers (with the exception of low power against light UAVs) due to the lack of compact energy sources.
  14. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 12 December 2019 11: 31
    +1
    If anyone missed this paragraph in the article.
    It is very important, and written in a clear language:
    "Laser beams from several laser modules, each with a specific wavelength, pass through a diffraction grating similar to a prism. Then, if all wavelengths and angles are correct, then not mutual absorption occurs, but the alignment of wavelengths in a strict sequence one after another, in as a result, the power grows proportionally, "Afzal explained." You can scale the laser power by adding modules or increasing the power of each module, without trying to just build a huge laser. This is more of a parallel computation than a supercomputer. "
    This is for those who persistently write:
    "Soviet scientists in 70 proved ... that it is impossible to create a powerful laser."
    1. Gost2012
      Gost2012 12 December 2019 13: 26
      -2
      Not impossible, but pointless. What will we do with the laser in fog, rain or just a smoke screen? And if from above - then what will we do with the clouds? Losses during the passage of the beam through the atmosphere are enormous even without any clouds.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 12 December 2019 13: 41
        -1
        In the 70s, they tried to create one powerful beam. And they found out that efficiency drops sharply, plasma, overheating, etc. The laws of physics. And they stopped research, precisely because of the "contradiction to the laws of physics."
        (Not because of fog, smoke, etc.).
        Today, engineers have advanced.
        Reread the paragraph again.
        1. Vadim237
          Vadim237 12 December 2019 15: 07
          -3
          I read somewhere that they created a lensless laser.
    2. gridasov
      gridasov 13 December 2019 09: 50
      -1
      The fact is that there are no mathematical foundations for modeling such processes. Even in their initial form.
      1. Falcon5555
        Falcon5555 14 December 2019 04: 18
        -1
        What, Gridasov, again you embarrass the fragile brain And? ..
        1. gridasov
          gridasov 14 December 2019 10: 53
          0
          Not how much! The main thing is that I was convinced that no one is engaged in the direction in which breakthrough achievements can really be achieved. Well, okay.
  15. Klingon
    Klingon 12 December 2019 13: 05
    0
    Quote: Basarev
    In my opinion, now it’s more efficient to use not just a laser, but an electric laser: the laser beam creates only an ionized channel through which current is supplied to the target.

    this is not an electric laser but a plasmoid, those. the laser creates an ionized channel through which a plasmoid is passed - ionized oxygen, for example, which forms a clot like a ball lightning. the result is a weapon similar to that of a Predator from a famous film. those. plasma gun
  16. faterdom
    faterdom 12 December 2019 13: 49
    -2
    Harry Potter must be recruited into the US Army - he will throw fireballs for a modest salary and the rank of chief sergeant of the US Army.
    1. Fat
      Fat 13 December 2019 00: 29
      0
      Quote: faterdom
      Harry Potter must be recruited into the US Army - he will throw fireballs for a modest salary and the rank of chief sergeant of the US Army.

      Sufficiently developed technology is indistinguishable from magic (c) A. Clarke "Features of the Future"
  17. Alexander Kalyakin
    Alexander Kalyakin 12 December 2019 15: 25
    0
    Again, greedy businessmen are eager for budget money. It has long been shown that it is impossible to create an engineer Garbin hyperboloid, because of beam defocusing and power has nothing to do with it. The maximum that succeeds is to cut metal at a distance of 50-70 meters. Unfortunately, another group, the so-called over-the-horizon radars, managed to break through. The famous scientist, the creator of the missile defense system G. Kisunko, called them lakatars, from the word to lap. These same people promoted the idea of ​​beam energy weapons. Who cares about the details, read the book by Grigory Kisunko, it is in the public domain.
    1. gridasov
      gridasov 13 December 2019 09: 52
      0
      Exactly! Most people see and hear only what they want, and not what is real
    2. Vadim237
      Vadim237 13 December 2019 23: 50
      -4
      In practice, an air-based laser shot down ballistic solid propellant and liquid rockets at a range of 100 kilometers or more - 9 years ago, progress does not stand still in optics both in the energy sector and in materials and control systems. Mr. Kisunko - his Aurora missile defense system was closed because, if 200 anti-ballistic missiles with high-power nuclear warheads were used, it would have blinded the entire system for detecting and tracking ICBMs - the first time the anti-missile warhead was fired.
  18. Klingon
    Klingon 12 December 2019 15: 37
    0
    Quote: Vadim237
    "In 2012, the source reported that a gas laser pumped from a nuclear reactor, operating on an atomic transition of xenon, with a wavelength of 2,03 μm was created at RFNC-VNIITF (Snezhinsk). The output energy of a laser pulse was 500 J at peak power 1,3 MW. This device is the most compact in terms of the used volume of active gas medium (specific energy of laser radiation was 32 J / dm³) ". It looks like this is Peresvet.

    OK. I believe, but where is the practical shooting? Boeing showed their example
  19. xax
    xax 12 December 2019 19: 37
    -2
    Author:
    Nikolay Antonov

    but the article looks like a poor translation
  20. Cresta999
    Cresta999 17 December 2019 22: 02
    0
    Where is the breakthrough then?
  21. IL-64
    IL-64 19 December 2019 15: 49
    -2
    "Ready to Deploy" or "Ready to Invest in Development"? This is, after all, a significant difference.
  22. Zusul
    Zusul 21 December 2019 18: 44
    -1
    A lot of letters ... You can’t publish such long articles ... Especially if most of the previous articles are repeated in them
  23. Jarserge
    Jarserge 17 January 2020 19: 06
    0
    What the Americans are not ready for. The portal system has already been "deployed", and the lasers have been launched into a "batch" of everything, and you can't remember.