Military Review

“The information system of combat control” in the domestic and foreign press

18

In recent years, the Russian army has been actively introducing new communication and control systems. Developed and built modern automated control systems (ACS). Some of these developments have a number of characteristic differences and can be considered a real breakthrough. Their appearance is expected to attract the attention of foreign experts who are trying to evaluate.


With elements of artificial intelligence


New reasons for discussion and analytics appeared on November 12 thanks to the publication Izvestia. With reference to sources in the Russian military department, the creation of a new ACS based on the most modern technologies was described. The next day, Izvestia supplemented previously published information.

In the messages, the new ACS appears as the “Combat Command Information System” (ISBU). It was created using elements of artificial intelligence and Big Data technologies. Its task is to collect all the necessary data, process it and issue it to the command.

The new ISBU is designed to support the work of the command of military districts and combined arms armies. Management system tools must collect data from different sources - from all units, soldiers and services. Data from them should come in a minimum time. The AI ​​will provide an analysis of the incoming data and will prepare forecasts of the development of events, as well as develop recommendations for the command.

Previously, such tasks were solved with a lesser degree of automation, mainly by personnel. In addition, there was a distribution of work on different links at different levels. Now we are talking about an integrated system that combines several links.

The ISBU is proposed to entrust the processing of the mass of incoming data, which allows to reduce the burden on personnel. The commander will be able to operate with already processed data, due to which command and control will be simplified and accelerated. The absence of significant delays in the transmission of data and their processing will allow the command to work in real time.

It is reported that last year elements of the promising ISBU passed military tests. Now the system is deployed and is operating normally. However, it has not yet been specified in which formations and formations it is deployed and for which directions it is responsible.


It is important that the promising ISBU with AI elements and "big data" is not the only modern ACS that provides the work of the Russian army. There are other systems of this class with one or another feature. The interaction of a number of ACS at different levels should ensure the correct and competent command and control of troops in all conditions.

Foreign look


New Russian developments always attract the attention of foreign experts and the media. ISBU was not an exception based on the latest technologies. So, on November 20 in the Eurasia Daily Monitor publication of the analytical organization The Jamestown Foundation, a publication appeared on the topic of the new Russian management system.

EDM writes that the Russian military department announced a new breakthrough in the field of C2 (command & control) systems, and these developments should not be underestimated. The introduction of new tools results in an increase in decision-making speed. In this regard, the Russian army is now ahead of NATO command.

The announced ACS includes not only C2 tools. In fact, we are talking about the fully integrated C4ISR tools (command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance). ISBU must process all incoming data and issue basic information to the commanders.

EDM indicates that, thanks to ISBU, the Russian army is improving its ability to plan and manage in a combat situation. Accordingly, the NATO command must take this into account - since its decision-making process is less fast.

In its publication, EDM reviews the latest news from Izvestia and draws attention to their most interesting points. So, foreign analysts are interested in the use of the most modern technologies - AI and Big Data. They also noticed a new management architecture that transfers the load from people to technology.

Breakthrough Components


EDM believes that the new Russian breakthrough in the field of command and control is provided not only by the ISBU system. Other modern automated control systems have been developed and are being implemented, which give the troops certain advantages.


The most important component of the observed breakthrough, created several years ago, is called the Akatsiya-M control system. To date, this ACS has been tested and supplied to the troops. For these purposes, 21 billion rubles has been allocated. ACS "Akatsiya-M" in real time gives the headquarters and commanders complete data on the situation on the battlefield, the condition and capabilities of their troops, as well as on the actions of the enemy. Based on the processing of this data, the headquarters can issue orders that best suit the situation.

"Acacia-M" can interact with other automated control systems of different levels and all military branches. It also provides data exchange between troops and the National Defense Management Center. Thus, with the help of "Acacia-M", the interaction of different units, formations and formations of the armed forces at all levels is ensured.

According to the authors of Eurasia Daily Monitor, the presence and implementation of Akatsiya-M ACS and ISBU shows the development of appropriate technologies in the Russian army. Russia has achieved a real breakthrough in the field of automated control systems of classes C2 and C4ISR.

According to the results of the introduction of modern automated control systems, the Russian army gets new opportunities. Data processing and decision-making systems are optimized, as a result, the number of stages of information passing is reduced and processes are accelerated. In this regard, the US and NATO are now lagging behind Russia, and they need to take appropriate measures.

Russian developments and foreign assessments


News about the creation and implementation of new weapons, equipment or means of support for the Russian army come with enviable regularity and have long become familiar. Also regularly reports on the development of our armed forces attract the attention of foreign media and analytical organizations. It is clear that the news about the creation of improved ACS with AI elements and the use of "big data" could not go unnoticed.

The Jamestown Foundation reviewed the latest news from Russia and came to interesting conclusions. It is easy to notice that the main motive for the publication of the EBU in the Eurasia Daily Monitor was the superiority of Russia in the field of troop control systems. In addition, they pay attention to the presence of several modern automated control systems capable of interacting with troops and with each other, which also increases the effectiveness of army control. It is noted that such developments provide an advantage over NATO in the field of data processing and decision making.

One cannot but admit that such assessments by foreign experts are very pleasant. The successes of the Russian army and industry in the development of communications and control are so great that a foreign analytical organization had to recognize them. Moreover, note the superiority over foreign models.

However, in this context, the main thing is not praise, but the presence of modern automated control systems in the troops. From the latest Russian press reports it follows that everything is in order in this area.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
18 comments
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  1. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 26 November 2019 05: 52 New
    +3
    "However, in this context, the main thing is not praise, but the presence of modern automated control systems in the troops." I subscribe to every word.
    1. Civil
      Civil 26 November 2019 07: 57 New
      +4
      Communication, the eternal illness of the Republic of Armenia at all times, in 1941, in Chechnya, in Georgia.
      1. raw174
        raw174 26 November 2019 08: 45 New
        +1
        Quote: Civil
        Communication, the eternal illness of the Republic of Armenia at all times, in 1941, in Chechnya, in Georgia.

        Yes, communications are a critical factor in the success of military operations. Recall Grozny, 31.12.94/02.01.95/XNUMX - XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX - the clearest example of the need for high-quality secure communications to manage units in battle ...
      2. Tavrik
        Tavrik 26 November 2019 10: 14 New
        -1
        Moreover, the disease is incurable. Poultices according to old recipes do not help, they plant for imported drugs, their own are absent.
  2. rocket757
    rocket757 26 November 2019 07: 39 New
    0
    It is necessary to do and learn to implement.
    This is so that no one has any illusions that their military-technical power will not be a corresponding answer on the other hand! This, along with other killer arguments, is what PREVENTS WAR !!!
    Only without hatred. To do new, improve existing and DEVELOP, IMPLEMENT the most advanced, the best!
    1. Rwmos
      Rwmos 26 November 2019 08: 02 New
      +1
      Sources that the author indicated, you know ... Izvestia is a garbage dump for a long time ... And then - Eurasia Daily Monitor and how softer it is ... It does not inspire a source of information, yes.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 26 November 2019 08: 25 New
        0
        Quote: RWMos
        Sources that the author indicated, you know ...

        I just expressed WISH, the concept of t.s.
        I have an idea about the state of our electronic industry and everything else ... I’m not working in a chicken coop!
        I just want to hope for the best ... and it's a shame for the POWER.
        1. Rwmos
          Rwmos 26 November 2019 10: 08 New
          0
          From such sources. The right word - they write more truthfully on the fence. It will be a shame for a power when they SUCH - begin to believe
  3. Glory1974
    Glory1974 26 November 2019 09: 18 New
    +4
    Russia has achieved a real breakthrough in the field of automated control systems of classes C2 and C4ISR.

    C2 and C4ISR consist of each other as a spear and a sniper rifle, both for remote destruction of the enemy, but there is a technological gap between them.
    The founders of C4ISR are Americans, they themselves have not achieved what they want, but have we already beat them? What nonsense!
    The most important component of the observed breakthrough, created several years ago, is called the Acacia-M control system

    Acacia is a system of an operational-strategic link; it has existed for a couple of decades, it simply could not be brought to mind. Have you brought it? Well done! But she has nothing to do with the battlefield, as the author writes further:
    The new ISBU is designed to support the work of the command of military districts and combined arms armies

    Why drag on
    Management system tools must collect data from different sources - from all units, fighters and services

    Unclear. Rather, the author did not understand what kind of thing this is.
    The announced ACS includes not only C2 funds. In fact, we are talking about fully integrated C4ISR tools (command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance).

    Why is there no translation? Google translator disconnected? Just a direct translation does not give a clear picture of what it is. The word translates, but what is the meaning behind them is not clear. It should be clarified, for example, how command differs from control (command, control), in general this is the topic of a separate article.
    Conclusion: some kind of ACS system was adopted, for which it is needed there is no clarity. Where ACS tactical link "Constellation" no data.
    1. Mestny
      Mestny 26 November 2019 10: 06 New
      -3
      Yes. How could we overtake the Americans?
      For some, this is really nonsense, because the USA is an unattainable paradise for them.
      1. Glory1974
        Glory1974 26 November 2019 12: 18 New
        0
        For some, this is really nonsense, because the USA is an unattainable paradise for them.

        Under this concept, Americans are developing weapons and equipment, tactics. If we overtook them in this, then we armed ourselves with Abrams, F-22,35 tanks, wassat
    2. Tavrik
      Tavrik 26 November 2019 10: 16 New
      +1
      Judging by the comment, you are in the subject.
      By the way, Big Data has already been dragged ...
  4. Operator
    Operator 26 November 2019 13: 45 New
    +11
    So far, no ACS at any level, including the upper ones, has been observed in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation for a trivial reason - the troops do not have a completely network broadband / data from the word.
  5. Cresta999
    Cresta999 26 November 2019 16: 23 New
    +1
    Apparently, the article was written by a civilian who did not understand at all the topic he was writing about. No specifics, confusion in concepts and completely spatial conclusions.
  6. opus
    opus 26 November 2019 18: 38 New
    -7
    Quote: Ryabov Kirill
    In the messages, the new ACS appears as the “Combat Command Information System” (ISBU). It was created using elements of artificial intelligence and Big Data technologies.


    the text is reminiscent of the delirium of pre-war (until 1941) inventors of sharotanks; I have the lasting impression that they are trying to give me an original bicycle with square wheels.
    and the author in the subject, no boom, boom
    1. There is an Automated military system (ASVN)
    https://encyclopedia.mil.ru/encyclopedia/dictionary/[email protected]
    ISBU - you will not find for mil.
    2. The Ministry of Defense (MO) of the Russian Federation still lives on ideas about communications of the times of the Great Patriotic War, when there were independent Liaison Forces led by marshals, and now there is the Main Liaison Office in the General Staff, the head of which is the deputy chief of the General Staff.
    Khalil Abdukhalimovich is either building, or will build, by and large, has not yet been decided
    https://function.mil.ru/news_page/country/more.htm?id=12200524%40cmsArticle

    Currently, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation has two development concepts:
    troop control (until 2025)
    and military communications (until 2020) and this shows that a catch-up modernization strategy will be implemented, which is currently morally obsolete.
    WHAT IN F **** ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE?

    In 2006, the Russian Defense Ministry adopted the Guiding Military Document (RDV 44.5801-1-2006) “OACSS Profile”, pursuant to which (and in violation of the postulate of the primacy of the Control System), the United Automated Digital Communications System (OACSS) has now been implemented

    Concern "Constellation is confidently moving along the path of" catching up with modernization "and copies technologies used by the United States 10 years ago as part of the" tactical Internet ".
  7. Bobrick
    Bobrick 26 November 2019 20: 59 New
    0
    There is only one question: did you specifically shoot the power supply in the second photo?
  8. Tavrik
    Tavrik 26 November 2019 21: 48 New
    +1
    Quote: opus
    Khalil Abdukhalimovich is either building, or will build, by and large, has not yet been decided

    Khalil Abdukhalimovich will not build anything. He will be ill. His lawyer will build his defense. Due to known circumstances.
    It is reported that last year elements of the promising ISBU passed military tests. Now the system is deployed and is operating normally. However, it has not yet been specified in which formations and formations it is deployed and for which directions it is responsible.

    Reminded:
    "We saw everything in the world,
    Except our leader,
    For even children know
    That the leader cannot be seen. "(C)
    1. opus
      opus 27 November 2019 14: 03 New
      -7
      Quote: Tavrik
      Khalil Abdukhalimovich will not build anything.

      tin ..
      and they don’t know in the Defense Ministry?


      Quote: Tavrik
      Reminded:

      but to me a gopher, which is not visible, but it is