Tank complex guided weapons "Falcon-V"


Possible missile design from the Sokol-V TKUV. 1 - GOS; 2 - warhead; 3 - engine; 4 - docking unit; 5 - wing; 6 - steering wheel; 7 - drive unit; 8 - pallet dumping mechanism; 9 - radiation receiver; 10 - inductor bush. Figure KB Tochmash / btvt.blogspot.com


Existing Russian core Tanks equipped with tank systems of guided weapons (TKUV) of several types. In the near future, the appearance of a new TKUV with improved characteristics is expected. Until recently, very little was known about the promising complex, but now very interesting data has become public.

Official documents


In December last year, a package of documents appeared at State Procurement that affected the interaction of the Design Bureau of Precision Engineering named after A.E. Nudelman and the 3 Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense of Russia. An agreement on the work, an additional agreement and some other documents were published. For unknown reasons, these documents have attracted attention only now. However, they are also of great interest.

The contract of 21 on March 2016 determined the procedure for conducting preliminary tests on development work with the Sokol-V code. The tests were assigned to the 3 Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense and were to pass at the Smolino training ground in the Nizhny Novgorod region.

The work was required to be completed before the end of 2016. In the same 2016, a statement was signed for the execution of the contract. However, in September of 2018, an additional agreement appeared that extended the duration of the contract - and with it the dates for the necessary activities.

The current status of the Sokol-V development center cannot be determined from published data. According to other sources, testing of new products has not yet begun. At the same time, thanks to State procurements, the most interesting features of such tests are known. Using this information, you can seriously supplement the existing picture of the development of domestic TKUV.

Technical details


The product with the code "Sokol-V" is a tank complex of guided weapons based on the 3UBK25 shot. The latter is made in caliber 125 mm and is intended for use with tank guns 2A46 and 2A82. There are several options and modifications of the rocket with different configurations and differing capabilities.

Tank complex guided weapons "Falcon-V"
Section of the head compartment of the rocket with equipment. Figure KB Tochmash / btvt.blogspot.com

Previously, open press featured data on promising TKUV for domestic tank guns developed by Tochmash design bureau. Such a complex was mentioned without a specific cipher, but a version has already appeared about the direct connection between this development and the Sokol-V development center. Based on this assumption and other available data, some conclusions can be drawn.

The missile is made according to a single-stage scheme and is designed to destroy tanks and other ground targets or low-altitude air targets. The missile has a relatively large length, which is why it is divided into two parts, corresponding to the limitations of tank automatic loaders. In this case, the head element of the rocket receives guidance equipment, a warhead and an engine, and steering machines and other equipment are located in the tail.

The missile is equipped with an autopilot based on an inertial navigation system (ANN) and / or homing head (GOS). In older materials, it was mentioned that the new TKUV can use passive optoelectronic guidance with the reception of infrared radiation and visible light. A “laser beam flying” control system may also be used.

For testing, it was planned to assemble missiles with GOS and ANN. It also required a certain number of products with ANN, but without a homing head.

Used cumulative-fragmentation warhead, probably tandem. Also in the head compartment of the rocket is a solid-fuel engine. The flight and combat characteristics of the rocket remain unknown.

Shot 3UBK25 should be used 125-mm guns of existing and promising tanks. The missile and the throwing device are made in the form of a shot of separate loading, compatible with existing AZ. The docking of the two parts of the rocket is carried out when sent to the chamber.

Landfill plans


Data from State procurements approximately show how and with what preliminary tests of Sokol-B should have been carried out. For their implementation, it was required to provide some necessary products and samples, as well as to manufacture others again.


The 2A46M smoothbore gun is the main launcher for Russian TKUVs at the moment. Author photo

It was proposed to use MBT T-80 or T-72 or T-90 as an experimental carrier of the Sokol-V TKUV. It was also necessary to apply a ballistic installation with the 2A82 system - an instrument of the promising T-14 tank. They are planned to be used for firing new missiles in different trim levels.

15 ballistic simulators 3UBK25 with a missile without a warhead and 5 with a standard charge are submitted for testing. Ordered 22 shots fully loaded with GOS and warheads. 92 Practical Products 3UBK25PRACT is also mentioned. Half of them get GOS, others are equipped with ANN. The contract also mentions 35 shots of 3UBK25-HB and 40 products of 3UBK25-Lough of unknown purpose.

Thus, using a tank and a ballistic installation, it is planned to carry out a large number of launches of breadboard models and missiles in different configurations. Also planned test explosions of warheads separately from missiles. All these works should be carried out with the wide use of various targets and control equipment to collect all the necessary data.

After the preliminary stages of the design bureau, Tochmash will have to complete the project. After that, the TKUV Sokol-V will be able to be put out for state testing. Successful completion of these checks will allow the complex to enter service. However, even the approximate dates for this remain unknown.

Special Features


Published data on the development of promising TKUV and new information on the testing of the Falcon-B show which weapon in the future will be able to get our tanks. Apparently, we are talking about quality superiority and a number of new special features.

The flight performance of a new type of guided missile remains unknown, but it can be assumed that in this respect it will not be inferior to existing models. It is obvious that the advantages over them will be provided by the new GOS and other devices.


Stand with the 2A82 gun for the T-14 tank. Photo Bmpd.livejournal.com

The use of an optical-electronic homing head with two channels using the visible and infrared ranges is proposed. Inertial navigation is also used and laser beam control is possible. Thanks to this, it is possible to use missiles in several ways. The carrier tank can independently control the flight of the rocket or bring it to the target. Self-guided shooting on the basis of the "launched-forgot" principle is also possible.

The presence of ANN and passive GOS in theory allows you to send a missile out of line of sight to a specified area where it can independently search for a target. In this case, the carrier tank can use external target designation in preparation for the shot.

The 3UBK25 shot was carried out taking into account the limitations of the tank smoothbore guns 2A46 and 2A82. This means that such ammunition can be used with all existing and promising MBTs of the Russian army. Such capabilities are planned to be confirmed already at the preliminary testing stage, in which the T-80 tank (either T-72 or T-90) will be used, as well as the installation with a gun from the T-14.

How exactly in the future the transition to the new TKUV will be carried out is unclear. It is likely that tanks of all types will receive the necessary equipment during planned upgrades. In the case of the latest MBT T-14, it is possible to introduce new equipment already during mass production.

Preliminary findings


Thus, a modern or promising MBT with the Sokol-V TKUV and all types of 3UBK25 shots will have the most serious advantages over equipment with older weapons. One should expect an increase in performance characteristics, as well as the emergence of new opportunities.

Domestic MBT with modern TKUV capable of hitting targets only within line of sight and at distances of several kilometers. The Sokol-B missile can be distinguished by increased range and improved combat qualities. Increased performance combined with new qualities will provide a significant increase in the firepower of tanks.

However, it is not yet clear when all these innovations will go to the troops. Judging by the well-known data, the preliminary testing stage for the Sokol-V R&D has not yet been completed. To finalize the products and the following checks, including state trials will need extra time. When all these works will be completed and when the combat tanks will receive new weapons is unknown.
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  1. Amateur 19 November 2019 05: 57 New
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    Is it really "steering wheel"?
    1. Vladimir_2U 19 November 2019 08: 24 New
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      Hmmm, more like .. pedal!
    2. Ural-4320 19 November 2019 11: 03 New
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      But isn’t it clear that this is an all-turning surface? The bent wing cannot change direction, so there are 4 rudders there.
      The aircraft also has a rudder, installed in the tail.
    3. Undecim 19 November 2019 14: 16 New
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      Is it really "steering wheel"?
      In fact, the steering wheel. Aerodynamic rudder. It is an aerodynamic surface, i.e., the surface of an aircraft (wing, plumage, rudders, etc.), when it interacts with the air in motion, forces arise that direct its flight.

      1 - cumulative warhead 9M129;
      2 - nozzle solid propellant engine;
      3 - solid propellant rocket engine;
      4 - wings;
      5 - aerodynamic steering wheels;
      6 - a source of light radiation;
      7 - antenna.
      Judging by the comments, for most audiences this is knowledge beyond comprehension.
  2. andrewkor 19 November 2019 07: 11 New
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    With this Falcon we’ll shoot at destroyers, as someone wanted to try
    1. The leader of the Redskins 19 November 2019 07: 34 New
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      GOS "brains will go" laughing Well, it was originally “imprisoned” for a tank or infantry fighting vehicle, but here it’s a solid destroyer! Will rush over the deck in search of armored objects !!! laughing
    2. abc_alex 19 November 2019 12: 25 New
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      Quote: andrewkor
      Falcon and we will shoot at destroyers

      What for? Well, the boats are still back and forth. And for destroyers, perhaps high-explosive ....
      1. andrewkor 19 November 2019 13: 08 New
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        Ask R. Skomorokhov this question with his comic article "How the tank sunk me. Confession of the destroyer."
        1. Lopatov 19 November 2019 13: 48 New
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          Quote: andrewkor
          Ask R. Skomorokhov this question with his comic article "How the tank sunk me. Confession of the destroyer."

          He is somewhat unaware of the issue.
          Tanks can perfectly "destroy" destroyers even without all these "wise" shells.
  3. Nikolaevich I 19 November 2019 08: 18 New
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    My name "Falcon-V" evoked nostalgic memories of the development of "Ametech" tank missiles (shells?) "Falcon-1 / 2" back in the 90 years! Ammunition "Falcon-1 / 2" "Ametech" should have radar and infrared guidance systems and a range of up to 8 km ... Maybe it is not in vain that they say: "New is well forgotten old ..."? what The presence of a "laser beam" causes some bewilderment ... In the presence of a GOS, ANN with GLONASS, an assumption involuntarily arises that the "laser beam" - as it were, could be "superfluous"! Of course, we can say: “let it be” ... but this, nevertheless, further increases the cost of the “product”! If you equip the falcons with laser guidance as a bonus, then it’s better to add a laser radiation sensor to the GOS, as the Israelis did with their Lahat ... Oh, an active millimeter-wave radar is also suitable for tank missiles range .. In general, "over the hill" for the "2-band" GOS the most popular options are: 1. laser + IR; 2. laser + AR.GSN.MM ... Same as in Israel (the same LAHAT ...), "Falcon B" can be used in the interests of not only tank units, equipping the "product" with an additional engine (the first Upenu or booster ...), moreover, it is possible that in different calibers ...
    1. Saxahorse 19 November 2019 23: 12 New
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      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      The presence of a "laser beam" causes some bewilderment ... In the presence of a GOS, ANN with GLONASS, an assumption involuntarily arises that the "laser beam" - as it were, could be "superfluous"!

      No, not superfluous. ATGM basically programmed through this place laughing

      First they shoot them, and then they blink after the laser, what mode to use, where to fly and how. By the way, as I understand it, we also supplied shells with remote detonation with the same sensor. Laser program and not induction as a hill.
      1. Nikolaevich I 20 November 2019 00: 22 New
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        Quote: Saxahorse
        ATGM basically programmed through this place

        Nah ... what? In principle, you can! For resourcefulness, "plus"! By the way, I had a similar “idea” for the “upgraded” “Cornet-D” with a multifunctional warhead ... But in this case, it’s easier (cheaper) to set the modes during loading, because there should not be a lot of them .. . (After the "shot", the ANN with satellite correction should be turned on ... then, the GOS is the main mode.) The homing mode "immediately" is possible, but it is better to use it in helicopter and "infantry" versions and at relatively close distances .. .if necessary. "The use of Falcon-B is advisable at" long "distances ... for relatively small x sufficiently effective tank pushka.Lazerny beam "is useful in the following cases: 1. effective interference of the seeker from the enemy; 2. the target does not have optical contrast sufficient to reliably capture the target.
  4. rocket757 19 November 2019 08: 21 New
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    The natural development of ammunition for modern guns.
    More expensive, but for the sake of efficiency you have to go for it.
  5. Zaurbek 19 November 2019 08: 35 New
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    It’s just not entirely clear to me why the new GOS does not debut at the ATGM (especially helicopter)
    1. svp67 19 November 2019 12: 12 New
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      Quote: Zaurbek
      why the new GOS does not debut on the ATGM (especially helicopter)

      ATGM "Hermes" look
      I’m wondering that they returned to the scheme of the good old “Cobra” rocket 9М112

      Leaving the 9М119 "Reflex" missile circuit
      1. Zaurbek 19 November 2019 14: 46 New
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        And here everything is simple ... 125mm gun remained, aerodynamics ATGM need not be changed, the charge is the same ..... that's left.
        1. svp67 19 November 2019 14: 49 New
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          Quote: Zaurbek
          And here everything is simple ... 125mm gun remained, aerodynamics ATGM need not be changed, the charge is the same ..... that's left.

          I expressed an idea understandable to specialists. I'll explain now. The “Cobra” has a composite rocket, like the “Falcon”, replacing the “Cobra” “Reflex” has a solid rocket, with a separate knockout charge
  6. garri-lin 19 November 2019 10: 09 New
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    I'm interested in something else. Is there a "kombeyboy" mode?
    1. svp67 19 November 2019 14: 51 New
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      Quote: garri-lin
      Is there a "kombeyboy" mode?

      At us, still the old woman of "Cobra" could do it
      1. garri-lin 19 November 2019 18: 10 New
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        And the angle of approach to the goal? Cobra seems to be about 45 degrees. Not enough to bypass KAZ.
        1. svp67 20 November 2019 06: 03 New
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          Quote: garri-lin
          Not enough to bypass KAZ.

          Well, when it was made, KAZs were not there.
          1. garri-lin 20 November 2019 08: 00 New
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            About that and speech. If the new rocket has a regime of the pandemic, then I want it to be as effective as possible. With the approach to the goal, the degrees are 75 - 80. That is almost sheer. Or just on the fly. Shock core.
            1. svp67 20 November 2019 10: 34 New
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              Quote: garri-lin
              If the new rocket has a regime of the pandemic, then I want it to be as effective as possible.

              We will live and see ...
  7. bars1 19 November 2019 10: 14 New
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    Quote: garri-lin
    I'm interested in something else. Is there a "kombeyboy" mode?

    On bmpd they write what is.
  8. Lexus 19 November 2019 10: 19 New
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    Yesterday I wrote about these tests in the comments, asked to cover the event at the VO. And why did they disagree, at night, amicably and secretly, the disrespectful "fake ghouls-minusers"?
  9. Operator 19 November 2019 12: 08 New
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    It all depends on what the Sokol-B flight speed will be - if it is subsonic, it definitely will not take off, since the accuracy of the inertial system guidance directly depends on the flight time (based on the 0,1 deviation meter for every second of flight).

    And the optical homing system for the thermal image of the target or the guidance system for reflected laser radiation for tank munitions is not realistic - the first is too expensive, the second does not work in the surface layers of the air when conducting contact combat with dust emissions from shell explosions.
    1. Saxahorse 19 November 2019 23: 26 New
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      Quote: Operator
      And the optical homing system for the thermal image of the target or the guidance system for reflected laser radiation for tank munitions is not realistic - the first is too expensive, the second does not work in the surface layers of the air when conducting contact combat with dust emissions from shell explosions.

      Tell it to Javelin and Maverick laughing

      "FGM-148 Javelin" GOS - "infrared homing head with a focal plane array radiation detector"

      "AGM-65 Maverick" GOS: "television in models A and B, infrared image in models D and G, laser - model E, with infrared connection - model F"
      1. Operator 20 November 2019 00: 26 New
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        The cost of FGM-148 Javelin is 15 million rubles.

        AGM-65E Maverick is operational only in polygon conditions - D.F.Ustinov (C)
        1. Saxahorse 20 November 2019 23: 06 New
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          Quote: Operator
          The cost of FGM-148 Javelin is 15 million rubles.

          For the US Army, the FGM-148 Javelin cost $ 73000, 40 units were produced. You can compare with the AGM-114 Hellfire, priced at $ 68000, released 65 thousand units. The second with a laser seeker. No one complained about accuracy :)

          Even our Cornets are generally controlled by a laser beam as well. And no one is complaining about accuracy on the battlefield yet. Although the dust certainly interferes.
  10. voyaka uh 19 November 2019 12: 29 New
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    A common problem with these tank missile shells is the small diameter of the cum funnel. Not enough to break through the frontal armor of modern tanks.
    Only in the roof of a tower or tank engine does it make sense to shoot. But with laser guidance this is not possible.
    Therefore, Lahat in Israel remained only in helicopters. There is a difficult option when a tank fires a projectile up (standing behind a hill), and a helicopter intercepts its control and leads to the target from above. This was tested, but it was painfully difficult to perform on the battlefield.
    1. Nikolaevich I 19 November 2019 13: 42 New
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      Quote: voyaka uh
      Therefore, Lahat in Israel remained only on helicopters

      belay stop How so ? It's a TOUR! And it is still proposed as TOUR ... and is praised by the Israelis as TOUR! Indeed, there are options for helicopters, infantry units, but this ... type of "parallel"!
      1. voyaka uh 19 November 2019 13: 48 New
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        Lahatom is not currently equipped with tanks.
        And the penetration is weak (caliber 105 mm), and laser guidance to the target is outdated.
        With the advent of SPIKES, long-range anti-tank missions went entirely to them.
        The tanks have OBPS and a universal projectile (light armor-piercing + HE).
        And another card, it seems.
        1. Nikolaevich I 19 November 2019 14: 34 New
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          Quote: voyaka uh
          Lahatom is not currently equipped with tanks.
          And the penetration is weak (caliber 105 mm), and laser guidance to the target is outdated.

          Well ... "it’s clear that the matter is dark ..."! If the product has a “roof” defeat of the armored target, then a small “caliber” (105 mm) in this case does not have a “fatal” meaning ... As you read ... a laser seeker “lahata” acts on the final section of the flight path, and at the primary and secondary-ANN ... With known "minuses", laser homing has pluses: 1. the ability to fire from behind the "hill"; 2. the ability to hit the target behind the "hill"; 3.possibility of illuminating the target with an external target indicator ... (for example, there is “talk” about equipping “Almaty” with its own, unmanned copter ...) We must also take into account that in the current trend, laser homing is increasingly used “in pairs "; that is, in combination with infrared homing or radar ... But you are right ..." in general, "Lahat" has problems for effective use, as TUR: 1. all the lack of efficiency at minimum distances; 2.problem of laser illumination at maximum range and "foreign" target ...
    2. Lopatov 19 November 2019 13: 53 New
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      Quote: voyaka uh
      But with laser guidance this is not possible.

      With laser guidance, this can easily be done.

      However, he is not on this shell.
  11. andrewkor 19 November 2019 13: 12 New
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    And I just knocked down helicopters in the AbramsM1 toy. Doros to the brigadier general and retired. It was a long time ago, 30 years ago!
  12. swzero 19 November 2019 17: 42 New
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    It seems to me alone that a public procurement site is just a godsend for spies? No need to suffer to collect information, here it is in the public domain.
  13. tank64rus 19 November 2019 19: 27 New
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    Or maybe it makes sense to split the tank’s Bq and not climb there with a fuel missile with fuel, but take it out separately. The Israelis went for it. many issues will be resolved immediately and the effectiveness of the application will increase. Of course you need a full-time UAV, without it you will not see beyond the hill. Italians equipped and nothing flies.
  14. Operator 20 November 2019 23: 12 New
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    Quote: Saxahorse
    on accuracy, on the battlefield, again no one complains yet

    What is the field of combined arms battle, where "Cornets" would be used.

    And this despite the fact that the “Cornet” is controlled by a direct laser beam, and the TUR under consideration is aimed at the reflected laser beam.