Cosmonautics Day. Our country is a space power, and we should be proud of it!

Cosmonautics Day is celebrated in Russia on April 12, and the whole world is International Day aviation and astronautics. This holiday is timed to the first date of manned space flight.




As is well known, the first person to fly into space was the Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin. Almost sixty years have passed since then, but Russia remains one of the world leaders in the field of space exploration. And that is why the Day of Cosmonautics in our country may well be considered not a narrow professional, but a national holiday.

12 April 1961, the first lieutenant Yuri Gagarin on the spacecraft "Vostok-1" for the first time in the world stories circled the Earth in orbit. Thus began the era of active space exploration through manned space flight. Yuri Gagarin received worldwide fame, and in his homeland his merits were marked by the Golden Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the rank of major early.

In the Soviet Union they prepared very carefully for sending a man into space. The choice of candidates for cosmonauts was held under the personal control of the chief designer of the Special Design Bureau No. 1 of the State Committee of the Council of Ministers of the USSR on defense technology, Sergei Pavlovich Korolev. Korolev was convinced that a professional military fighter jet fighter pilot should fly into space. There were also criteria for age, external data, health. It goes without saying that health should have been perfect, age should be about thirty years old, height no more than 170 cm, weight up to 68-70 kg. In the cosmonaut detachment, in which specialists were trained to go into space, two potential candidates immediately emerged.

Cosmonautics Day. Our country is a space power, and we should be proud of it! Senior Lieutenant Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin was 27 years old. A native of a peasant family, he graduated from the first military aviation school for pilots named after K. E. Voroshilov in Chkalov (now Orenburg), served in naval aviation, in the 1th fighter aviation regiment of the 769nd fighter aviation division of the Northern Air Force fleet. By the end of 1959, Senior Lieutenant Gagarin flew 265 hours, had the qualification of a military pilot of the 3rd class.

The understudy of Yuri Gagarin, German Stepanovich Titov, also wearing shoulder straps of a senior lieutenant, was a little younger than Gagarin - he was 25 years old. After conscription, he graduated from the 9-th Military Aviation Pilot School in Kustanai and the Stalingrad Military Aviation Pilot School. Red Banner of the Stalingrad proletariat in Novosibirsk, after which he served in the 26 Guards Aviation Regiment of the Air Force of the Leningrad Military District.

In addition to Gagarin and Titov, Grigory Nelyubov, Andrian Nikolayev, Pavel Popovich and Valery Bykovsky were also credited to the first six Soviet cosmonauts. All of them were pilots of the Air Force and Aviation of the Navy of the USSR, they were distinguished by excellent health, high-quality training and, last but not least, purposefulness and a sincere desire to fly into space. In the end, the leadership was inclined to choose Yuri Gagarin as the first person whom the Soviet Union would send into space. Of course, the natural charisma of the young officer played his role, his famous “Gagarin” smile, and “simple” origin - Gagarin ideally suited the role of the first cosmonaut.

25 January 1961, the Commander-in-Chief of the USSR Air Force, ordered all six members of the group to be recruited as Air Force cosmonauts. 23 March 1961 was appointed Yuri Gagarin as the commander of the cosmonaut corps. This appointment alone testified to the trust that the command had for the young senior lieutenant. Indeed, older officers also came under Gagarin’s subordination - if Gagarin was 1934 of birth, then Andrian Nikolayev was of 1929 of birth, and Pavel Popovich was of 1930 of birth.

The accelerated pace of the organization of the first flight into space was explained by the fact that Sergei Korolev was very worried about whether the Americans would fly before us. At the disposal of the Queen was information that the US is preparing to launch a man into space on 20 on April 1961 of the year. Therefore, it was decided to assign the start of the Soviet spacecraft to the second decade of April - between 11 and 17 in April of 1961. At the meeting of the State Commission, Gagarin’s candidacy was approved, and Titov was appointed his alternate.

3 April 1961, nine days before Yury Gagarin’s flight into space, a special meeting of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU was held, which was conducted personally by the Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Nikita Khrushchev. The report was made by Dmitry Fedorovich Ustinov, Deputy Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers. According to the results of the report, the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU decided to launch a Soviet cosmonaut into space.

Five days later, on April 8, 1961, at the closed meeting of the State Commission on the Launch of the Vostok spacecraft, chaired by Konstantin Rudnev, head of the State Committee of the Council of Ministers of the USSR on defense technology, the first space mission in the history of mankind was approved.

The assignment signed by Sergey Korolev and the head of the department for the preparation and support of space flights of the Air Force General Staff Lieutenant-General Nikolai Kamanin emphasized:

Perform a single-turn flight around the Earth at an altitude of 180 — 230 kilometers, a duration of 1 an hour of 30 minutes, landing in a given area. The purpose of the flight is to check the ability of a person to stay in space on a specially equipped ship, check the ship’s equipment in flight, check the ship’s connection with the Earth, make sure that the ship’s landing facilities and the cosmonaut are reliable.


At the meeting of the commission, a final decision was made to send Senior Lieutenant Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin to space.

The flight of Yuri Gagarin opened the era of space exploration through human participation in space flights. But the first flight into space had a political significance - sending the first cosmonaut, the Soviet Union demonstrated to the world that it can, firstly, compete with the United States on an equal footing and in many ways surpass them, and secondly, the USSR is the flagship world scientific and technological progress and uses its intellectual and technical potential in the interests of mankind.

The Vostok-1 spacecraft with cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on board launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome 12 on April 1961 in 09: 07 Moscow time. The direct command of the launch team was carried out by the lieutenant colonel of the missile forces Anatoly Semyonovich Kirillov. It was he who gave the command on the stages of launching the rocket and watched it through the periscope from the command bunker.



At the very beginning of the rocket lift, Yuri Gagarin exclaimed: “Let's go!”. These words of the first Soviet cosmonaut became a peculiar motto of the new era in the history of mankind - the era of space exploration. The origin of this phrase, of course, subsequently interested historians. It turned out that the test pilot Mark Lazarevich Gallai, who was an instructor in the first cosmonaut detachment, preferred to say "Let's go!" He believed that such an informal style more favorably affects the psychological comfort of astronauts. Gallay himself later recalled that such a phrase was very common among test pilots, from where he migrated to the cosmonaut detachment.

When Korolev made the decision to launch a man into space as soon as possible out of fears that the Americans might outstrip us, he was absolutely right - the Americans were literally on his heels. 12 April Yuri Gagarin flew into space, and already 5 in May, less than a month later, the Americans launched astronaut Alan Shepard into space. 21 July 1961 was flown into space by another American - Virgil Grissom. On its flight, the Soviet Union responded by launching into space the second Soviet cosmonaut - 6 August 1961, on the Vostok-2 spacecraft, German Titov went into space.

In 1962, the Soviet Union sent two more astronauts into space - 11 of August flew Andrian Nikolayev, and on August 12 flew Pavel Popovich. 14 June 1963 of the year Valery Bykovsky went to space, and 16 June 1963 of the year for the first time in world history a cosmonaut Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova flew into space. It was another large-scale experiment - after successful launches of Gagarin, Titov, Nikolaev, Popovich and Bykovsky, Sergey Korolev decided to send a woman into space to emphasize once again the equality of the sexes in the Soviet Union and set the world record again. The choice fell on Valentine Tereshkova.

Unlike the first five cosmonauts who were personnel officers of naval aviation and the air force, Valentina Tereshkova had nothing to do with the armed forces. She was the most ordinary worker of a textile factory, shortly before being admitted to the cosmonaut corps who had completed a correspondence college of light industry.

However, since 1959, Tereshkova was engaged in parachuting at the Yaroslavl flying club and performed 90 skydiving. When they began to select the candidacy of a female cosmonaut, the choice fell on 26-year-old Valentina Tereshkova. Together with other women candidates she was enrolled in the cosmonaut corps and received the rank of private armed forces. 15 December 1962 was awarded the rank of junior lieutenant, 16 June 1963 of the year - Lieutenant and on the same day - captain, and 9 January 1965 of the year 27-year-old Tereshkova already wore a Major's shoulder straps.

In 1964, the Soviet Union set new records again. First, October 12 1964, the multi-seat spacecraft first entered space. Vladimir Mikhailovich Komarov, Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistov and Boris Borisovich Egorov flew on it. Secondly, in the flight on a multi-ship, civilian specialists first participated. Of the three cosmonauts only Vladimir Mikhailovich Komarov was a regular soldier. 37-year-old engineer-lieutenant colonel Komarov aviation on the day of the flight received the following military rank of colonel engineer. He was a graduate of the Bataysk Military Aviation School. K.A. Serov and 1-th faculty of aviation weapons of the Air Force Academy. NOT. Zhukovsky, served in the Research Institute of the Air Force as assistant chief engineer and tester of the 3 department of the 5 department engaged in testing new types of aircraft.

Doctor Boris Borisovich Egorov was 26 years old, at the time of the flight he had the military rank of captain of the medical service, he graduated from the medical faculty of the 1 of the Moscow Order of Lenin Medical Institute. I.M. Sechenov. Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistov, 38-year-old design engineer, worked together with Sergei Korolev, was a civilian, although his whole life was associated with developments in the field of rocket production.

18 March 1965-year-old aviation lieutenant colonel Pavel Ivanovich Belyaev (the rank of colonel was assigned on the flight day) —After the Air Force’s fighter aircraft; in fighter aircraft. For the first time in the history of world space exploration, Alexey Arkhipovich Leonov went out into outer space. Thus, the Soviet Union did not stop making records in the field of astronautics.



For many decades, the space industry has received in our country all-round development. A lot of discoveries and records were made and delivered by Soviet and then Russian cosmonauts. The cosmonaut's profession was perhaps the most prestigious in the Soviet Union, hundreds of thousands of Soviet boys dreamed of space, for many it was Gagarin’s example that determined the course of life, prompting them to enroll in flight and aviation engineering schools.

Today, space exploration has acquired a new meaning. The times of confrontation between the great powers are back, only today the competition between them is unfolding not only on land and at sea, but also in space. It is not by chance that the US is actively developing space forces, and American statesmen are not tired of talking about the imaginary "space danger" on the part of Russia and China. Space exploration, development of cosmonautics is the most important condition not only for preserving parity between opposing powers, but also a step towards the probable use in the future of the resources and opportunities possessed by space.

"Military Review" congratulates all those involved in the space program, the space industry and weapons, as well as all readers, all citizens of our space power, with this significant holiday - Cosmonautics Day.
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  1. Uncle lee April 12 2019 05: 12 New
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    YES ! Glorious steps of the Soviet cosmonautics. Happy holiday, comrades!
    I remember the glee of the Soviet people. good drinks
    1. Siberia 75 April 12 2019 06: 51 New
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      Even the pigeon in the first photo, felt the importance of the moment, and took a photogenic pose.
      1. BAI
        BAI April 12 2019 09: 14 New
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        But he did not trump.
    2. widower April 12 2019 08: 24 New
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      Quote: Uncle Lee
      Happy holiday, comrades!
      I remember the glee of the Soviet people.

    3. comradChe April 12 2019 23: 25 New
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      In addition to shame for "modern" Russia - NOTHING! Forgive us Sergey Pavlovich ......
  2. Amurets April 12 2019 05: 45 New
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    On the occasion of all involved. Happy Cosmonautics Day.
    1. widower April 12 2019 08: 24 New
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      Quote: Amurets
      On the occasion of all involved. Happy Cosmonautics Day.

    2. sibiryouk April 12 2019 22: 41 New
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      THANK YOU!
  3. 1536 April 12 2019 05: 50 New
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    Gagarin was Russian, and then Soviet. Yes, then Russia united in one state another 14 of Soviet republics, workers, engineers, whose scientists also prepared the first space flight. But then Russian flew. And I am proud that it was the representative of the Russian people who flew into space!
    1. tatra April 12 2019 06: 47 New
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      Only now, the Russian anti-Soviet NEVER could implement the same large-scale space program that the Russian Soviet did.
    2. Michman April 12 2019 08: 18 New
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      And I'm even more proud, because Yuri Alekseevich is my fellow countryman. From Smolensk. In honor of him the city of Gzhatsk bears the name of Gagarin ...
  4. Dmitry Potapov April 12 2019 05: 52 New
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    On this day, Yu.A. Gagarin said: "Let's go!" And God will give us already in this regard not to stop!
    1. widower April 12 2019 08: 26 New
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      Quote: Dmitry Potapov

      On this day, Yu.A. Gagarin said: "Let's go!" And God will give us already in this regard not to stop!

  5. Simargl April 12 2019 06: 16 New
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    A sip of pessimism in a sea of ​​joy: a little more and the reality will become a fairy tale... such rates...
    Happy Holidays!
    1. 3x3zsave April 12 2019 17: 45 New
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      Yes exactly!
  6. serg.shishkov2015 April 12 2019 06: 20 New
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    one of the most vivid memories of * Artek * is the space museum there, it contained authentic exhibits — the KK * Soyuz * descent vehicle, two Ivan Ivanovich in spacesuits, one in an ejection chair, a dog’s spacesuit, a whole showcase of space food, and of course- Astronomical Artek circle with a trip to the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory! I remember the woeful cry of the leader of the circle in the first lesson- What, again, just some girls ?, I turned out to be the first guy in many years! And it so happened in life that I managed to look into the depths of space and the depths of the microworld! After * Artek * space became a favorite topic in philately, Thanks to the brands I knew all the crews starting from * Soyuz-17 *, Happy Holidays!
  7. parusnik April 12 2019 06: 30 New
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    There is something to be proud of, but amid the recent "successes" of Roskosmos, it’s sad somehow ... Happy holiday!
    1. sibiryouk April 12 2019 22: 47 New
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      Nevertheless, we work! We continue to replenish the space constellation with new satellites, we make a BLAGEST.
  8. loginovich April 12 2019 07: 22 New
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    Go ! Happy Cosmonautics Day!
    1. loginovich April 12 2019 08: 45 New
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      Some lyrics
  9. prodd April 12 2019 07: 26 New
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    In honor of cosmonautics day!
    1. donavi49 April 12 2019 08: 39 New
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      But Lunopryg crashed to the surface crying . They took out a bunch of problems, but they heroically decided everything. They made successful maneuvers in orbit. And only on the landing something went wrong. It’s sad.
      1. prosto_rgb April 12 2019 18: 11 New
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        Quote: donavi49
        But Lunopryg crashed to the surface crying . They took out a bunch of problems, but they heroically decided everything. They made successful maneuvers in orbit. And only on the landing something went wrong. It’s sad.

        Another reminder that space missions is a very risky thing, not an idle walk to the store.
        1. donavi49 April 12 2019 19: 34 New
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          Well, they objectively swung too much. Again in the Grant base on Lander. From here they made a lander.

          However, again - space is becoming closer and more accessible. Missions of this magnitude from local teams appear. In the west, almost every technical university collects its own Cubes. Xingum 17 on April will carry a whole pack - they will again shoot from their KuboPushki. In addition to the standard mission - Educational Launch of Nanosatellites. They bring the Polish Cube assembled in the Cracow techno-university and several French cubes assembled in the ISAE Toulouse aerospace higher school.
          1. prosto_rgb April 14 2019 23: 04 New
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            Quote: donavi49
            However, again - space is becoming closer and more accessible. Missions of this magnitude from local teams appear. In the west, almost every technical university collects its own Cubes. Xingum 17 on April will carry a whole pack - they will again shoot from their KuboPushki. In addition to the standard mission - Educational Launch of Nanosatellites. They bring the Polish Cube assembled in the Cracow techno-university and several French cubes assembled in the ISAE Toulouse aerospace higher school.

            agree
  10. SERGEY SERGEEVICS April 12 2019 07: 49 New
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    Famously then Soviet scientists overtook the Americans. Despite the fact that the country survived the Second World War, it was still able to achieve its goal in space. All involved with the holiday !!!
  11. Hog
    Hog April 12 2019 08: 26 New
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    Our country is a space power

    With all these cuts, for how long?
    1. knn54 April 12 2019 08: 51 New
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      I still keep badges and envelopes redeemed by a stamp on April 12 at Baikonur. The upgraded device (AUD system) worked properly at the training ground. UVA. The collapse of the Great Power affected the pace of the program’s development. Yes and hucksters from RosKosmos are slowing down completely.
  12. bubalik April 12 2019 08: 52 New
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    hundreds of thousands of Soviet boys dreamed of space,

    1. bubalik April 12 2019 09: 20 New
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      Sergei Pavlovich Korolev is one of the main creators of the Soviet rocket and space technology, which ensured strategic parity and made the USSR an advanced rocket and space power, and a key figure in human exploration of space, the creator of practical cosmonautics.

      Under his leadership, the launch of the first artificial satellite of the Earth and the first cosmonaut of the planet Yuri Gagarin was carried out.
      1. AU Ivanov. April 12 2019 14: 04 New
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        You forgot Glushko, on the engines of which the royal "Seven" flew. Forgot and Ustinov, who led the space industry.
  13. Altona April 12 2019 08: 56 New
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    Happy Soviet Cosmonautics! Thanks to the Soviet backlog, there is something else for space. Yuri Gagarin discovered for mankind a truly new wonderful world, which was immediately reflected in science, art, literature and cinema. Indeed, there was an era and there were personalities that cannot be compared with the present, which offers simulacra of virtual reality and hypocrites hypocrites instead of personalities.
  14. Freeman April 12 2019 09: 10 New
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    Happy holiday, comrades!
    Happy Cosmonautics Day!

    Accept as a gift a “rare” clip with a song that has become an unofficial anthem of Soviet cosmonautics.



    Threat. This is the original text of the song, in which, before the "before the start", it was proposed to "smoke" rather than "sing".
  15. The leader of the Redskins April 12 2019 09: 34 New
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    Happy holiday to all those who remember the names of Gagarin, Korolev, Tereshkova!
    1. sibiryouk April 12 2019 22: 51 New
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      Those who worked for the Soviet space and continue to work for the Russian, despite any difficulties!
  16. BAI
    BAI April 12 2019 09: 37 New
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    It is not clear why the article is under the heading "Armament" and not "History" or "Analytics".
    By the way, today is another date - 180 years since the birth of Prezhevalsky.
  17. A1845 April 12 2019 09: 47 New
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    Sergey Pavlovich, Mstislav Vsevolodovich, Mitrofan Ivanovich,
    Forgive us !!
  18. 16112014nk April 12 2019 10: 26 New
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    Happy World Cosmonautics Day! fellow
    True, a holiday with tears in his eyes. crying
    The survey was conducted by radio journalist S. Dorenko on the radio "Moscow Says":
    - "Jura, I'm sorry, we all scammed"!
    - For - 88%
    - Against -12%

    But do not lose Gagarin's optimism. Despite everything ! yes
  19. viktorish007 April 12 2019 10: 26 New
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    The USSR is a space power, Russia is a space jackal that has ended up devouring, the USSR’s corpse is almost finished, it’s time to bankrupt the Russian space industry and cutting machines in Khrunichev for scrap, it’s time to send Chubais to optimize the industry, Rogozin is not recovering, optimizes quickly
  20. Mihail55 April 12 2019 10: 26 New
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    HOLIDAY !!!! He was too small, matured to understanding only when our countrywoman Valya flew !!! Now I can not imagine a modern event that would shock people. And then ... there are still many relatively young WWII veterans, the country does not live in great abundance after so many trials ... and JOY.
  21. Million April 12 2019 10: 49 New
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    The space project does not promise long-term and quick benefits.
    The USSR understood this, but still continued to develop the industry.
    In Russia, they understand that it’s not possible to cut dough for fast in space, so .... now we have what we have
  22. midshipman April 12 2019 11: 21 New
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    I remember this day. I was the Secretary of the Komsomol Committee of LIAP, rode a trolleybus to OK Komsomol. Speakers suddenly started talking on Nevsky Prospekt, the transport stopped, everyone poured into the street. Shouted Hurray !!! The weather was very warm.
    Then I worked with G.S. Titov, he was a test pilot in my equipment (RSBN-5S), they were forced to fly on an MiG-21. I signed him flight sheets in military unit 15650. I made friends.
    When I headed the 6th Main Directorate of the MCI of the USSR, I often met, he was Zam at AA Maximov (Space Forces).
    He was well acquainted with G. Lozino-Lozinsky (met when he was still the chief designer of the MiG-31). Then I was a Member of the State Commission on the launch of the ISS Buran.
    Happy Russia "Happy Cosmonautics Day". This is our holiday and the holiday of our people.
    1. Solo2503 April 12 2019 19: 51 New
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      Thank you for your service to Soviet science and the country! Happy holiday to you!
  23. xomaNN April 12 2019 12: 00 New
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    All involved - Happy Cosmic Holiday! 10 years of active life and I took part in aerospace engineering✌️
  24. Alex April 12 2019 12: 29 New
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    On May 5, in less than a month, the Americans launched astronaut Alan Shepard into space


    Only it was a suborbital flight
  25. Tomich3 April 12 2019 13: 47 New
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    This is a holiday of another country, which is no longer there. Russia has not launched interplanetary missions for 30 years! So there is nothing to congratulate here.
    1. greenegro April 12 2019 19: 39 New
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      No - do not celebrate, to each his own.
    2. sibiryouk April 12 2019 22: 59 New
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      NOT TRUE! We work, it may not be as effective as before, but we work and produce satellites and ground. Our products may not be as spectacular as interplanetary starships from American blockbusters, but they fly and work in space, benefiting Russia!
  26. Peter Ivanov April 12 2019 13: 58 New
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    Cosmonautics Day. Our country is a space power of the USSR, be proud of it!
    All Soviet people are proud of this! And what does the anti-Soviet, capitalist RF?
    1. Tomich3 April 12 2019 18: 50 New
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      Totally agree with you! In Russia, the unnecessary manned space program was declared https://lenta.ru/news/2019/04/12/iss/?utm_source=yxnews&utm_medium=desktop
      1. Peter Ivanov April 12 2019 21: 06 New
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        So it’s already ... eaten! We are only engaged in the export of Yanks to the ISS! It's a shame, as much as horror!
  27. Reklastik April 12 2019 15: 43 New
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    It doesn’t matter where you started, it is important where you left off ...
  28. Old26 April 12 2019 15: 58 New
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    Quote: 1536
    Gagarin was Russian, and then Soviet. Yes, then Russia united in one state another 14 of Soviet republics, workers, engineers, whose scientists also prepared the first space flight. But then Russian flew. And I am proud that it was the representative of the Russian people who flew into space!

    By and large, people did not care who you were by nationality: Russian, Ukrainian, Chuvash or anyone else. Was THE SOVIET MAN. Everything else was the work of His Majesty Chance. No wonder Yuri Alekseevich had 3 understudies. Including and Nikolaev, who if something could replace him ...

    Quote: SERGEY SERGEEVICS
    Famously then Soviet scientists overtook the Americans. Despite the fact that the country survived the Second World War, it was still able to achieve its goal in space. All involved with the holiday !!!

    And time was like that. The priority question was the main one because it showed the advantages of the system. The competition was on the verge of a foul. Just to be in time and be the first.
    All involved with the holiday !!!

    Quote: prodd

    In honor of cosmonautics day!

    And they already did this. Their first shuttle flight was also April 12th ....

    Quote: knn54
    I still keep badges and envelopes redeemed by a stamp on April 12 at Baikonur.

    Unfortunately, I did not keep the envelopes paid off on April 12 in Star City. Lost in the crossings ...

    Quote: AU Ivanov.
    You forgot Glushko, on the engines of which the royal "Seven" flew. Forgot and Ustinov, who led the space industry.

    Many were simply not named. But there was EMNIP of 7 Chief Designers. Including and Pilyugin, Ryazan, Glushko, of course. And without Severin’s spacesuits, there would also be no complete picture of cosmonautics

    Quote: midshipman
    I remember this day. I was the Secretary of the Komsomol Committee of LIAP, rode a trolleybus to OK Komsomol. Speakers suddenly started talking on Nevsky Prospekt, the transport stopped, everyone poured into the street. Shouted Hurray !!! The weather was very warm.
    Then I worked with G.S. Titov, he was a test pilot in my equipment (RSBN-5S), they were forced to fly on an MiG-21. I signed him flight sheets in military unit 15650. I made friends.
    When I headed the 6th Main Directorate of the MCI of the USSR, I often met, he was Zam at AA Maximov (Space Forces).
    He was well acquainted with G. Lozino-Lozinsky (met when he was still the chief designer of the MiG-31). Then I was a Member of the State Commission on the launch of the ISS Buran.
    Happy Russia "Happy Cosmonautics Day". This is our holiday and the holiday of our people.

    I also remember Yuri Grigoryevich, although at that time I was 6,5 years old. Many say they remember glee. But I remember something completely different. Morning. Have breakfast. In the kitchen, grandfather, grandmother and me. The loudspeaker plate suddenly falls silent and Levitan’s voice is heard: “Moscow is speaking ...” And I suddenly saw how the faces of my grandfather and grandmother were “petrified”. For them, this voice was associated with the outbreak of war. And only after the words about the astronaut did their faces begin to “thaw”.
    And the first cosmonauts remembered everything by name ....
    And you should remember some of the photos below







    Quote: Alex
    On May 5, in less than a month, the Americans launched astronaut Alan Shepard into space


    Only it was a suborbital flight

    Yes, but still cosmic. And the first orbital among the Americans was on February 20, 1962, when Mercury-6 flew with John Glenn
  29. Vladimir Ter-Odiyants April 12 2019 16: 09 New
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    Happy Great Holiday! Russians!
    I wish you, your Country, a long years of serene Life, Prosperity and all the best that you can wish for! To your people! Your country!
    Sincerely, to the Peoples of the Russian Federation!
  30. akudr48 April 12 2019 16: 58 New
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    Proud of the exploits of fathers and grandfathers are necessary if the descendants at least do not lose their victories.

    Today's Russia is not proud of anything in space, or in air, or on water, or under water, and most importantly, on earth.
  31. tech3030 April 12 2019 17: 26 New
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    +3
    I wish our country would become even more powerful than the USSR but at the same time avoid the mistakes that were! That country gave us Gagarin, and not only this, let him give a hundred of them! I congratulate everyone on the holiday and join other congratulations!
  32. voyaka uh April 12 2019 21: 33 New
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    +3
    Congratulations to the Russians on Cosmonautics Day! drinks
    Achievements of the USSR of the 50s - 70s in space exploration were a breakthrough
    values. For all launches to be successful! fellow
  33. kutuz April 12 2019 23: 58 New
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    +3
    "Our country is a space power" in recent years, this has been called into question.
  34. ultra April 13 2019 11: 36 New
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    +4
    The USSR is space, and Russia lives the remains of its former heritage.
  35. Vadim Golubkov April 13 2019 17: 28 New
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    +1
    Happy holiday to all! We are all grandchildren of the first person in Space Yuri Gagarin, and who did not understand, he did not understand and will not understand why ..
  36. iouris April 13 2019 23: 08 New
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    • 0
    +1
    Our country is the USSR.