Military Review

Floating armored personnel carrier BT-3F

43
JSC "Special Design Bureau of Mechanical Engineering" from the composition of the concern "Tractor Plants" told about the current work on one of the promising models of armored vehicles. After several years of waiting, the company announced the start of tests of one of its new developments. This is a promising floating armored personnel carrier BT-3F, developed on the basis of the infantry fighting vehicle BMP-3F. This car has been repeatedly demonstrated at domestic exhibitions and is already known to specialists and the public. In the near future, it can enter mass production.


On the launch of a new phase of work on the project BT-3F 16 February reported RIA News. The chief designer of the SKBM, Sergey Abdulov, informed the news agency about the recent launch of the running tests of the armored personnel carrier. This work will take several months. Trials are scheduled for completion this fall. Other details of current work or the project as a whole were not specified.


BT-3F armored personnel carrier on trial, 2016 g. Photo Bmpd.livejournal.com


Earlier it was announced that the BT-3F armored personnel carrier was an initiative developed by the SKBM, which was made in accordance with the current requirements of the international market. Even before the first public display of this machine interested in the armed forces of Indonesia. It was also reported that interest in the BT-3F showed the Russian army. However, while the contracts for the supply of finished equipment were not signed.

***

The BT-3F armored personnel carrier is a floating armored combat vehicle intended for the transport of personnel. The basis for this model was taken infantry fighting vehicle BMP-3F, which in a certain way simplified the development and assembly of equipment, and should also affect the simplicity of its operation. A significant part of the units is borrowed without any changes, whereas the applied modifications give the armored vehicle new possibilities.

The main improvements in the new project underwent armored corps. Instead of a regular under-turret box on the BT-3F, a high deckhouse with an inclined frontal sheet and vertical sides is used. Frontal logging has invoice bookings that increase the overall level of protection. Apparently, this is done in order to obtain the same level of protection for all elements of the frontal projection. Recall the base BMP-3 protects the crew from firing from the 30-mm automatic cannon from the front corners.

The use of felling has led to an increase in the internal hull volumes necessary for the deployment of the landing force. The troop compartment occupies the entire middle part of the corps and is located at the place of the combat compartment of the base BMP-3F. In the existing volume managed to place 14 paratroopers with weapons. Access to the habitable compartment is provided by several hatches. In the roof of the cabin there are two large rectangular hatches. The feed passages used by the infantry combat vehicle were retained, but their design was changed. Due to the increased height of the hull and for greater convenience of the landing on the top, the aisles are closed with inclined flaps. Aft doors remained in place.

In front of the felling roof, the installation of a remotely controlled combat module is provided. Initially it was a product like DPA-T. This module has a combined day-night surveillance and a laser rangefinder. It is installed a PKTM machine gun caliber 7,62 mm. The weapon is controlled from the workplace of the shooter, on which the monitor and the control panel are located.


Tests on the water. Photo Bmpd.livejournal.com


Initially, the possibility of using different combat modules with different weapons - up to a machine gun caliber 14,5 mm or 40-mm automatic grenade launcher. For example, in 2017, a prototype of the BT-3F with the Kord heavy machine gun was demonstrated.

In the forward part of the body, two course PKT machine guns that were present on the BMP-3F remain. Depending on current conditions, they are controlled by their own shooters or driver-mechanic, remotely. Two sets of “Cloud” grenade launchers are placed on the reinforced front cabin log. Embrasures for firing personal assault weapons are not provided.

With the exception of the installation of the cabin and the corresponding alteration of the central part of the body, the BT-3F is almost no different from the base BMP-3F. In front of the troop compartment is located the office with three seats. The stern compartment, as before, accommodates a low-profile power unit, above which there are passages for the landing. The chassis is not finalized and retains the original design.

In the front office there are three places: for the driver (in the center) and for two shooters. These places have their own hatches in the roof of the hull. The entire landing force is transported in its own compartment with access through the stern or upper hatches.

The UTD-29 diesel engine with 500 hp power is located in the rear of the hull. Hydromechanical transmission provides power transmission to the drive wheels of the tracked chassis and to the jet propulsion. The chassis includes six road wheels on board, each of which has its own torsion bar and hydraulic shock absorber. Above the bottom of the stern are two jet propulsion to move through the water. It also provides for the installation of a pump for pumping water from the internal volumes of the body.


BT-3F at the exhibition "Army-2016". Photo by Vitalykuzmin.net


Despite a serious redesign of the structure, the armored personnel carrier is almost the same in size as an infantry fighting vehicle. The length of the body reaches 7,15 m, width 3,3 m, height - about 2,3 m. The total combat weight is defined in 18,9 t. Driving performance remains at the level of the base machine. The maximum speed on the highway is 70 km / h, the power reserve is 600 km. On the water, speeds up to 10 km / h with a duration of navigation up to 7 hours. Movement by water is possible during waves and waves up to 3 points. Transportation of the vehicle by military transport aircraft with a carrying capacity of at least 20 t is possible.

***

The project BT-3F was announced in 2016 year. By the time of the first publication of information, some tests have been performed. Soon, a prototype of a promising armored vehicle was shown at the Army-2016 international military-technical forum. Subsequently, an armored personnel carrier was shown several times at other domestic exhibitions. Several times the developer organization has published new information on the progress of the project; The latest news of this kind appeared a few days ago.

Back in 2016, it was reported that Indonesia was showing interest in BT-3F. Armed with this country is more than fifty armored vehicles BMP-3F and about 150 order of outdated armored personnel carriers BTR-50; Most of this technology serves in the Marine Corps. To maintain this type of troops at the proper level, the Indonesian army needs new equipment, such as the BT-3F. With their help, the existing BTR-50 can be replaced. Over the past years, the real supply contract has not appeared, but it can be signed after the completion of the current tests.

In the recent past, the Russian Ministry of Defense also became interested in an armored personnel carrier based on the BMP-3F. According to the latest news, BT-3F is considered as a possible replacement for fairly old multipurpose conveyors MT-LB. Apparently, we are talking about a possible modernization of the fleet of marine equipment, which has to use old vehicles as armored personnel carriers for personnel. In such a role, the new BT-3F surpasses the existing MT-LB in all respects and can significantly affect the combat capability of the units.


View of the stern, landing hatches are open. Photo Bastion-opk.ru


It should be noted that the Russian military has also not yet placed an order for serial production of the BT-3F. Whether the existing interest will lead to the appearance of a real contract is unknown. The latest tests, which became known a few days ago, can be conducted precisely in the interests of the Russian army.

***

In its concept, the BT-3F armored personnel carrier resembles an outdated BTR-50 vehicle. It is a tracked protected vehicle capable of transporting and dropping infantry, as well as supporting it with machine-gun fire. In addition, it is optimized for work on the water: crossing obstacles, landing sea amphibious assault forces, etc. Equipment built on the basis of such a concept may be of interest to different armies, including the Russian one.

The proposed project has a number of positive features. First of all, it is necessary to note the use of a finished platform with high performance. The BT-3F is built on the basis of the BMP-3F serial infantry fighting vehicle, which gives the well-known advantages of an engineering, industrial and operational nature. Technique on the finished chassis, which retains most of the original units, is relatively easy to develop, build and use in the army.

From its predecessor in the form of the BTR-50, the new BT-3F stands out with an increased level of protection. The old armored personnel carrier had homogeneous armor with a thickness of up to 10-13 mm and could only protect against bullets and shrapnel. The housing on the basis of the BMP-3 has a spaced aluminum reservation with steel elements, which allows it to provide all-protiv bulletproof and anti-bullet protection in the frontal projection. Thus, there is a significant increase in combat survivability. At the same time, in the body of the new armored personnel carrier it was possible to place only 14 landing sites against 20 in the BTR-50.

An important feature of the BT-3F is the ability to install various combat modules with machine-gun or grenade launchers. Compatibility with combat modules of different types allows the customer to choose the desired equipment and weapons. The presence of the combat module as a whole increases the safety of the crew, since the shooter gets the opportunity to fire from under the armor.


BMP-3F basic infantry fighting vehicle. Photo "Rosoboronexport" / roe.ru


The landing compartment can be used to accommodate special equipment and equipment. Like its predecessor, BT-3F can become a base for command and staff vehicles, various types of command and control stations, ambulances, etc. In fact, the method of using the landing compartment depends only on the wishes of the customer.

However, the proposed sample has drawbacks. Based on a fairly old platform, an armored personnel carrier may not fully meet modern requirements. So, some customers may not be satisfied with the existing level of protection. Also, BMP-3 and its modifications are criticized due to the specific process of landing and dismounting of the landing.

With all its pros and cons, the BT-3F armored personnel carrier turns out to be a very successful model of a protected vehicle for infantry and cargo unified with other equipment. Such a machine may indeed be of interest to armies and may become the subject of a supply contract. According to known data, only Indonesia and Russia, having a significant fleet of BMP-3 and in need of a new technology, were interested in the armored personnel carrier. It is possible that in the future BT-3F will attract the attention of other customers. The commercial success of the development can contribute to the positive completion of the ongoing tests planned for the fall.

On the materials of the sites:
https://ria.ru/
https://rg.ru/
https://tass.ru/
https://tvzvezda.ru/
http://bastion-opk.ru/
http://zonwar.ru/
https://bmpd.livejournal.com/
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43 comments
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  1. brom
    brom 19 February 2019 06: 10
    +10
    Decided to tune the BTR-50?

  2. Dr. Hub
    Dr. Hub 19 February 2019 06: 28
    +2
    If the car is the successor to MTLB, then the latter is primarily a tractor. The article describes the BMP, and we already have the BMP in service.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 19 February 2019 08: 13
      +8
      Quote: Dr. Hub
      If the car is the successor to MTLB, then the latter is primarily a tractor.

      This is not entirely true. Initially, yes. But since the days of the USSR, the MT-LB and MT-LBv were equipped with MT-LB and MT-LBv motorized rifle units designed for operations in special conditions, but above all "crooks"

      Here we are talking about a car in a pair of BMP-3. Which will perform the functions of MT-LBU. That is, to become the basis for a very, very numerous special machines:
      1. Oden280
        Oden280 19 February 2019 11: 05
        +1
        BMP-3 is not suitable for operation in the Far North in view of limited patency, respectively, and this armored personnel carrier there. And at the price of MTLB it’s ridiculous to compare. At the moment, nothing is produced for the Arctic better than the modernized MTLB. There were also geological and technical measures, but something this topic died out. The articulations of the DT-10 Vityaz and GAZ-3344 are still exotic.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 19 February 2019 11: 32
          +3
          Quote: Oden280
          BMP-3 is not suitable for operation in the Far North in view of limited patency, respectively, and this armored personnel carrier there. And at the price of MTLB it’s ridiculous to compare.

          And for security?
          You are aware that the cost of the same combat vehicle is very close to the cost of MBT. At the same time, the protection class of the car in the original version is the second, in the modernized version they write about "C grade"
          Is this normal in your opinion?
          1. Oden280
            Oden280 19 February 2019 18: 18
            +2
            In the Arctic, there are slightly different requirements for technology and in frontal attacks there you can’t go to technology. If you choose between patency and booking, then those conditions have to choose - patency.
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 19 February 2019 18: 58
              0
              Quote: Oden280
              If you choose between patency and booking, then those conditions have to choose - patency.

              That is a helicopter.
              1. Oden280
                Oden280 20 February 2019 11: 00
                +1
                It would be perfect, but too expensive.
  3. The comment was deleted.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 19 February 2019 08: 21
      +3
      Quote: Fevralsk. Morev
      That's all our Russian design idea. To modernize what has been done before.

      No. Here we are not talking about "modernizing", but about doing what should have been done for a long time. Let me remind you about the Soviet airborne BTR-D and the Russian BTR-MD "Shell"
      But the infantry did not have this. They say that due to the fact that there was a constant shortage of infantry fighting vehicles.
      1. prodi
        prodi 19 February 2019 08: 39
        +4
        Do you find the made "corridors" for the landing of infantry quite convenient and the only possible?
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 19 February 2019 08: 47
          +7
          Quote: prodi
          Do you find the made "corridors" for the landing of infantry quite convenient and the only possible?

          They are not perfect. But much more convenient than the BMP-3
          It was necessary, like the Israelis on "Akhzarits" to do


          But apparently they decided to save.
          1. prodi
            prodi 19 February 2019 09: 09
            0
            but couldn’t they turn 4 swing wings into 2, opening up and down with the emergency hatch in the top and without a central pillar?
            1. max702
              max702 19 February 2019 15: 00
              +2
              Well, if you decide to do an armored personnel carrier to transport everything and then all, then do the maximum reserved volume because it is always in short supply. Why did they make a step with an idiotic exit and not lifting hatches? We did everything under one roof and here you have an extra bed and a normal exit .. Why should you come up with such difficulties?
              1. prodi
                prodi 19 February 2019 15: 01
                0
                they have a motor-s there, with a transmission
                1. max702
                  max702 19 February 2019 15: 05
                  +1
                  Quote: prodi
                  they have a motor-s there, with a transmission

                  So what? Make a single box, and in the roof there is a large sunroof with sash for dismantling, then everything is done the same but in one place. And I don’t think the weight of the structure would be very critical ..
                  1. prodi
                    prodi 19 February 2019 15: 15
                    0
                    actually, this is an "improved" version of the BMP-3
                    1. max702
                      max702 19 February 2019 15: 31
                      +2
                      Quote: prodi

                      actually, this is an "improved" version of the BMP-3

                      Uh ... Well, maybe that changes that? The engine with the transmission as it was and remained in their places, I mean, make a box along the entire length like a van body and immediately there are a lot of pluses, more space has appeared, the output has improved, there you can stick a ramp like a Kurgan
                      in addition, it is much better to carry out maintenance under the roof than to all winds / rains in spite you must admit that you don’t always need to completely dismantle the unit for any maintenance work. If we cosplay the US armored personnel carrier
                      then let's do it wisely ..
                      1. prodi
                        prodi 19 February 2019 15: 46
                        +1
                        about m113 is not necessary, you stepped on my sore spot.
                        As for the BMP-3, then, well, it was possible not to do all this "crap" with all the doors at all, but confined to one main (last), better armored and open "body"?
                      2. max702
                        max702 19 February 2019 15: 51
                        0
                        On the BMP-3, all this boggling is understandable (not otherwise), but then an armored personnel carrier with a tall roof for greater capacity, the question arises of what these difficulties are, they made a banal box with a hatch for dismantling the unit and that’s all! And about the openness of the body, the climate here is not so hot and from above all the muck can fly.
                      3. prodi
                        prodi 19 February 2019 16: 08
                        +1
                        the hatch for dismantling the unit - this is necessary in full, or to be able to turn it in the engine compartment.
                        about all nastiness - are you talking about a grenade? Well, so, if it does not slide down, then (the only one!) The sash must withstand.
                        I also doubt about the displacement from the "additional" volume, judging by the way the car sags its butt on the water
                      4. max702
                        max702 19 February 2019 16: 21
                        0
                        Quote: prodi

                        the hatch for dismantling the unit - this is necessary in full,

                        What's the problem? We make a two-winged one as on the original, but you can widen the roof in the whole building,
                        Quote: prodi
                        about all nastiness - are you talking about a grenade?

                        No, mostly fragments and stray bullets, by weight it’s not necessary to book as the forehead of the hull .. 7,62 holds and enough people will not be in this add-on anyway, but different junk will lie in niches.
                      5. The comment was deleted.
                      6. Bad_gr
                        Bad_gr 20 February 2019 14: 05
                        0
                        Quote: prodi
                        Well, it was possible not to do all this "crap" with all the doors at all, but confined to one main (last), better armored and open "body"?

                        And what is your option better than that of the BMP-3?
                        In my opinion, it’s worse, since in the freelance version the raised wings cover the landing from the enemy’s fire from the side angles. Does the landing itself decide to open the rear flaps: can it be convenient for them to first shoot over the back door, and only then open and land?
                        I agree that loading a stretcher with a wounded man through such an aisle is not convenient, but then the wounded man is not at the end of the cabin, where there is a strong bump, but in the center of the building, where are the most comfortable conditions for movement, which takes up the bulk of the time the wounded man was in the infantry fighting vehicle.
                      7. prodi
                        prodi 20 February 2019 16: 53
                        0
                        but, let's say, what are your chances after getting into the car, the survivors (wounded and stunned) to get out of this mass grave?
                      8. Bad_gr
                        Bad_gr 20 February 2019 18: 22
                        0
                        Quote: prodi
                        but, let's say, what are your chances after getting into the car, the survivors (wounded and stunned) to get out of this mass grave?

                        Even from the anti-nuclear shelter you can’t get out if the corresponding ammunition gets into it.
                      9. zeal
                        zeal 23 February 2019 02: 35
                        0
                        in the photo is not M113 but M59
                      10. Romario_Argo
                        Romario_Argo 24 August 2021 11: 41
                        0
                        BT-3F has its own + + + based on the tactics of application
                        when the BMP-3 is in a tank trench (there is a dump) and a fire has occurred, an emergency exit is even better from an inclined exit as on a BT-3F than from a horizontal BMP-3
                        flaps also create bullet-proof anti-fragmentation protection, which is not provided by a ramp exit similar to NATO equipment
                        * NATO equipment does not have dumps for entrenching, a completely different concept of application
          2. prodi
            prodi 19 February 2019 09: 33
            0
            it’s sad that those who make decisions with big bellies and stars themselves will never climb into these mousetraps
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 19 February 2019 09: 41
              0
              Quote: prodi
              it’s sad that those who make decisions with big bellies and stars themselves will never climb into these mousetraps

              Actually, for most variants of the "payload" this is not critical. The same artillerymen will not have to leave the car under fire at the dismount line.
            2. polar fox
              polar fox 19 February 2019 14: 57
              +1
              Quote: prodi

              it’s sad that those who make decisions with big bellies and stars themselves will never climb into these mousetraps

              comrade told how they came with an inspection General arrived in the Western Military Forces in a tank hatch stuck))))
  4. AlexVas44
    AlexVas44 19 February 2019 07: 06
    +7
    By its layout, it can not replace the winder in terms of use as a conveyor. The result was just a caterpillar floating armored personnel carrier, in which there were difficulties with dismounting, and the landing party did not have loopholes. Wounded, cargo, etc. very difficult to load. There is not a word about using it as a tractor. Everything is very controversial. It is probably easier to use the existing floating wheeled armored personnel carriers.
    1. Blackgrifon
      Blackgrifon 19 February 2019 10: 45
      +2
      So the BTR-82A is the only modern m / s of the Marine Corps. In its wisdom, our Ministry of Defense refused to purchase BMP-3F even under the stool. As well as from the procurement of the BMP-3 Dragoon variant with the aft troop compartment.
    2. tchoni
      tchoni 19 February 2019 12: 17
      +2
      Quote: AlexVas44
      Wounded, cargo, etc. very difficult to load.

      And yet, for some reason, the developers do not like the mechanic drive of this machine, and, therefore, they decided to drown it, and with it the whole car))) Although elementary logic suggests that since they began to make a "mega-seaworthy wheelhouse", then lift the carrier above the "deck" it is necessary))) In vain the tunnels on the ships of the navigating east - one of the highest points of the ship)))
      And what about
      Quote: AlexVas44
      It is probably easier to use the existing floating wheeled armored personnel carriers.

      Then there, with loading (especially the wounded), and with seaworthiness, and with the protection of the pipe ...
      So, there is potential in the device, but rather, as in a purely naval car ... It remains to modify the file and find customers)))
  5. Lamatinets
    Lamatinets 19 February 2019 07: 59
    0
    And what have they introduced here? BMP
    1. spektr9
      spektr9 19 February 2019 09: 02
      0
      The tower was removed and cheapened, here’s the new APC for you ...
      1. Lamatinets
        Lamatinets 19 February 2019 09: 07
        0
        and the engine from an 2, than not a breakthrough project !!!
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. Reader 2013
    Reader 2013 19 February 2019 21: 14
    +2
    What a beauty, an unforgettable appearance, hello 1949
    Something very similar, made in Kenya, was recently bullied here.
  8. Viknt
    Viknt 19 February 2019 22: 25
    0
    Pepelats, especially touches the head of the driver driving from the hatch, and hatches, hatches are directly a masterpiece of design thought. Where are these specialists bred?
  9. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 20 February 2019 10: 38
    0
    Everything is fine, but take the designer to work ... The Turks are already doing more beautiful technology than we are!
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 20 February 2019 18: 27
      0
      Quote: Zaurbek
      Everything is fine, but take the designer to work ... The Turks are already doing more beautiful technology than we are!

      BT-3F is a variant of the cheapest conversion of the BMP-3 into a conveyor. In it, almost everything, except for the form of the central part of the case, remained standard. That is debugged in production and already settled price. And what, with this approach, can a designer do?
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 20 February 2019 18: 50
        0
        Then what is it? BMP-3 -beautiful, This monster - NO!
        1. Bad_gr
          Bad_gr 20 February 2019 18: 55
          0
          Quote: Zaurbek
          Then what is it? BMP-3 -beautiful, This monster - NO!

          I do not understand the question.
          I repeat once again: they took a specific car and cheaply remade it for other tasks. What can a designer do here? change the shape of the box in the center of the machine?
          1. Zaurbek
            Zaurbek 20 February 2019 18: 57
            0
            This was done by a factory with technologists and engineers ... which means that is the level of engineers and designers. Look at the Turkish technique.
  10. storm
    storm 21 February 2019 18: 47
    0
    Such a module has combined day-night surveillance tools and a laser range finder. It is equipped with a 7,62 mm PKTM machine gun.


    For a marine infantry fighting vehicle, at least a combat module with a 30mm cannon, AGS, 7,62 PKTM + ATGM should be installed.
    With one PKTM, only penguins are hunted, because there is nothing to support the landing with fire ...