Military Review

Р ›РµРіРєРёР№ С, Р ° РЅРє РђРњРҐ-13

20
In 1946, the French government decided to equip its army a tank domestic production. An order was given to develop a light airborne transport tank weighing 13 tons. In 1949, a prototype was made, and in 1951 its mass production began. The five-year period from order to serial production is a considerable achievement, given the sad state of French industry after the war.

Р ›РµРіРєРёР№ С, Р ° РЅРє РђРњРҐ-13


RљRѕRјRїRѕRЅRѕRІRєR S,R ° ° ° RЅRєR RѕS,R "Roes ‡ ° F RμS,SЃSЏ RѕS, RєR" P ‡ ° SЃSЃRoS RμSЃRєRѕR№: SЃRoR "RѕRІRѕRμ RѕS,RґRμR" RμRЅRoRμ SЂR ° SЃRїRѕR "RѕR¶RμRЅRѕ PI RїRμSЂRμRґRЅRμR№ C ‡ ° F ° SЃS,Ro RєRѕSЂRїSѓSЃR P · ° F RЅRoRј RѕS,RґRμR "RμRЅRoRμ SѓRїSЂR ° RІR" RμRЅRoSЏ, P ° F ± RѕRμRІRѕRμ RѕS,RґRμR "RμRЅRoRμ RєRѕSЂRјRμ PI. Р ›РѕР ± РѕРІР ° СЏ детР° Р» СЊ РєРѕСЂРїСѓСЃР ° РІС ‹РїРѕР» ненР° СЃ Р ± РѕР »СЊС € РёРјРё СѓРіР» Р ° РјРё РЅР ° RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRP РўРґ РРє РђРњРҐ-13 (РёР »РЁ РђРњРҐ-51, РїРѕ РіРѕРРРІС‹ РІС ‹РРѓРРєRRRRR.R.R.R.R.R.R.R.R.R.RSRRRENRRR-RNRX-XNUMX-XNUMX stories S, R ° RЅRєRѕSЃS, SANDRРRµRЅRёSЏ RІRІRYORґSѓSѓSЃR, R ° RЅRѕRІRєRё RёR ° RЅRµR S Р R ° Rє RЅR ° R · C Р RIR ° ‡ ‡ ‡ Ѕ RЅR ° R С C ‹RIR ° S ‡ RЅR ° R С C‹ R ‹R ‰ S ј R є R · R Р R Р R Ѕ R ј R Р R є R Ѕ R Р R Р R Р R Р R R R Р R R R Џ R Р R Ѕ R Ѕ R Р R є R є R Ѕ R Ѕ R ј R є R Р R Р R Ѕ R ј R є едко РєРѕРІРґР ° РєР ° РєРѕР№Р РРёР ± Рѕ СѕР ° РЅРєРІС ‹Р · С‹ РІР ° Р »СЃR‚R »R »R »RѕRЃRѕRѕRѕRёRёRёRёRСRСRёRСRRRР

СостР° РІРЅР ° СЏ РєР ° С ‡ Р ° СЋС ‰ Р ° СЏСЃСЏ Р ± Р ° С € РЅСЏ FL-10 СЃРѕСЃС‚РѕРёС РРРР РРРРРРРРРРР№ РІСЂРЂСЏС °С °С °С °С‰С‰С‰С‰С‰С‰С‰С‰С‰С‰С‰С‰С‰С‰С‰С ё РёР · нижней РІСЂРРёС Ð РёР · нижней РІСЂРРёС ‚ ‡ Р ° СЃС, Рё Рё верх ней, соединенной СЃ нижней посредством С † Р ° РїС. XNUM-BROWNE РєРѕ РІ верх ней С ‡ Р ° СЃС, Рё Р ± Р ° С РРРЁ РЁ РЁ РІС РєР ° Р · енник. RџSЂRѕS,RoRІRѕRѕS,RєR ° S,RЅS <Rμ RїSЂRoSЃRїRѕSЃRѕR ± P "RμRЅRoSЏ RєRѕRЅS † ‡ RμRЅS,SЂRoS RμSЃRєRѕRіRѕ S,RoRїR ° RїRѕRјRμS RμRЅS ‰ <PI" C ... RѕR ± RѕS,Rμ "P" RѕR RѕRІRѕR№ C ± ‡ P ° сти Р ± Р ° С € РЅРё. Р'Р ° С € РЅСЏ РїРѕР »СѓС ‡ РёР» Р ° СЃСЊ неР± РѕР »СЊС € РѕР№ РїРѕ СЂР ° Р · мерР° Рј, Р ° ее РїРѕРіРѕРЅ РёРјРµРР РРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРР ±Р ±Р ±РРР ±Р ±РРРРРРРРР ±РР ±Р ±Р РРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРР РР РР РР РР РР РР ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р ±Р »Р ±R ±RРR ±R ±R ±P ‚СЂ, С ‡ то, РІ СЃРІРѕСЋ РѕС ‡ ередь, РїРѕР · РІРѕР» РёР »Рѕ СѓРјРµРЅСЊС € ить С € РёСЂРСЅРєРєРСРСРСРСРСР .РСЊРСС РС РР ·Р ·Р ·Р ·Р ·Р ·Р »Р »Р РР РРРЊСРСРСРСРїР .Р .Р РС РС РС РР ·Р ·Р ·Р ·Р ·Р ·Р »Р »R



RўR ° RєR SЏ ° F ± F ° C ° RєRѕRЅSЃS,SЂSѓRoSЂRѕRІR RЅSЏ € P "P ° SЃSЊ SЃRїRμS Röhr ° † P" SЊRЅRѕ RґR "SЏ S,RѕRіRѕ C ± ‡ S,RѕR C <RІRІRμSЃS,Ro RјRμS ... P ° РЅРёР · РЁСЂРѕРІР ° РЅРЅРѕРµ (Р ° втомР° СРРС ‡ еское) Р · Р ° ряжР° РЅРёРµ РїСѓС € РєРё. РџРѕ РѕР ± Рµ СЃС‚РѕСЂРѕРЅС Р ° СЂР ° Р ± Р ° РЅРЅРѕРіРѕ типР° РїРѕ 6 РїР ° тронов РІ РєР ° ждом. РЎРёР »Р ° откР° С, Р ° РІСЂР ° С ‰ Р ° РµС R№ SЃRєR ° S,S <RІR ° RμS,SЃSЏ RЅR ° F "RѕS,RѕRє, RѕSЃSЊ RєRѕS,RѕSЂRѕRіRѕ SЃRѕRІRїR RґR ° ° RμS, SЃ RѕSЃSЊSЋ RєR RЅR ° ° P" P ° SЃS,RІRѕR "P ° RїSѓS € RєRo . Р — Р ° тем РїР ° трон РґРѕСЃС ‹Р» Р ° ется Р ° втомР° СРРС Р РССРРРР Р РІ стволР· Р ° РєСРСРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРР °Р °Р °Р °Р °Р °Р °РёРёРёРёРёР °Р °Р °Р °Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹РёР РРёР °Р °Р °Р °РёР ‹Р ‹Р ‹РСРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРСРёРёРёРёРёРСРёРёРСРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёРёR · Р ° твор Рё РїСЂРѕРёР · водится РІС ‹СЃС‚рел. RўR ° RєRѕRμ SѓSЃS,SЂRѕR№SЃS,RІRѕ RѕR RμSЃRїRμS ± ‡ RoRІR ° RμS, SЃRєRѕSЂRѕSЃS,SЂRμR "SЊRЅRѕSЃS,SЊ 10-12 RІS <SЃS,SЂRμR" RѕRІ PI RјRoRЅSѓS,Sѓ Ryo RїRѕR · RІRѕR "SЏRμS, RoSЃRєR" ‡ SЋS Шть РёР · СЌРєРёРїР ° жР° Р · Р ° ряжР° СЋС ‰ его. Р Р ° сутреляв Р ± оекомпл екЂ, РїРС С СЂЃЃЃЃЃЃЃЃЃРРРР РР РРР РеР‹РРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРСРРСРРѓРѓРРРРРРРРРРРРРРР ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹Р ‹РРРР РѕСЏ Рё уйти РґР »СЏ повторной Р · Р ° СЂСЏРґРєРё РјР ° РіР ° Р · РёРЅРѕРІ. РћРЅРё Р · Р ° РїРѕР »РЅСЏСЋС‚СЃСЏ С ‡ ереР· Р» СЋРєРё РІ РєС € С € Рµ Р ± Р ° С € РЅРё. RЈRіRѕR "RІRѕR RІS · <C € € RμRЅRoSЏ RїSѓS RєRo RѕRіSЂR ° RЅRoS ‡ RoRІR ° RμS,SЃSЏ SѓRїRѕSЂRѕRј RєRѕSЂRјRѕRІRѕR№ RЅRoS € Pd ° F ± F C € RЅRo PI RєSЂS <C € Sѓ RєRѕSЂRїSѓSЃR ° Ryo SЂR ° RІRμRЅ 13V °.

R'RѕSЃSЊRјRoS † Röhr "RoRЅRґSЂRѕRІS <R№ RєR SЂR ° ± SЋSЂR ° S,RѕSЂRЅS <R№ RґRІRoRіR ° S,RμR" SЊ SѓSЃS,R ° RЅRѕRІR "RμRЅ PI RїRμSЂRμRґRЅRμR№ C ‡ P SЃS,Ro RєRѕSЂRїSѓSЃR ° ° ° SЃRїSЂR RIP °. RЎRoR "RѕRІR SЏ RїRμSЂRμRґR ° C ° F ° SЂR ‡ ° SЃRїRѕR" RѕR¶RμRЅR RїRѕRїRμSЂRμRє S,R ° ° ° RЅRєR SЃRѕSЃS,RѕRoS Ryo, Röhr RјRμS ... · R ‡ ° RЅRoS RμSЃRєRѕR№ RљRџ Ryo RґRІRѕR№RЅRѕRіRѕ RґRoS "C" РµСЂРµРЅС † РёР ° Р »Р ° РІ РєР ° С ‡ естве мех Р ° РЅРёР · РР ° РїРѕРІРѕСЂРѕСРР. ПодвескР° РёРЅРґРёРІРёРґСѓР ° Р »СЊРЅР ° СЏ торсионнР° СЏ.



RЎRμSЂRoR№RЅRѕRμ RїSЂRѕRoR · RІRѕRґSЃS,RІRѕ S,R RЅRєR ° ° ° RїSЂRμRєSЂR S,RoR "RѕSЃSЊ PI 1964 RіRѕRґSѓ, RЅRѕ RμRіRѕ ° F ± F P P · ° RoSЃRїRѕR" SЊR · SѓRμS,SЃSЏ Ryo RїRѕRЅS <RЅRμ RґR "SЏ SЃRѕR · PORTRAIT PORTHOLDSHIP SURVEY PORTRAIT PORTHOLDS PORTHOLD РјР °СЂР ° СЂР ° СЂР ° СЂРРСЅ енШС, РЅРѕР№ устР° РЅРѕРІРєРё, Р ± СЂРѕРЅРµСС ° RЅSЃRїRѕSЂS,RμSЂR °, RјRѕSЃS,RѕSѓRєR "P ‡ ° RґS RoRєR Pd ° C. Ps. РЎ 20 РіРѕРґР ° С, Р ° РЅРє РІС ‹РїСѓСЃРєР ° РµС, СЃСЏ РїРѕ Р» РЁС † енР· РёРё РІ АргенС, РёРЅРµ. Р'сего Р ± С ‹Р» Рѕ РІС ‹РїСѓС ‰ ено РѕРєРѕР» Рѕ 105 РјР ° С € РёРЅ семействР° РђРњРҐ-155.

РўР ° РЅРєРё РђРњРҐ-13 РїСЂРѕС… РѕРґРёР »Рё модерРРёР · Р ° С † РёСЋ РїРѕ вооружениС. 75-РјРј РїСѓС € РєР ° Р ± С ‹Р» Р ° Р · Р ° мененР° 90-РјРј. RќR ‡ ° C ° F ° C SЃS,Ro RјR € RoRЅ RЅR ° F "RѕR RѕRІRѕR№ RґRμS,R ° ± P" P ± Pd ° C P € RЅRo SѓSЃS,R ° RЅR ° RІR "RoRІR ° F" RoSЃSЊ 4 РџРўРЈР РЎР ° SS-11. R '70-RіRѕRґR ° C ... C ... RЅR ° RђRњRҐ-13 RїRѕSЏRІRoR "P ° SЃSЊ RјRѕRґRoS" Roes † RoSЂRѕRІR ° RЅRЅR SЏ ° F ° C ± F € RЅSЏ SЃRѕ 105-RјRј RїSѓS € RєRѕR№ Ryo P "P ° F · РµСЂРЅС ‹Рј РґР ° Р» ьномером. Rљљѓѓ »ЏЏ ‚СЏёЏЏ Р'Р ° С € РЅСЏ FL-800 Рё ее РјРѕРґРОС РРеР °Р ° С † РёРё устР° РЅР ° РІР »РёРІР ° Р» РЁСЃСЊ Рё Р °Р ° РґСЂСѓСѓРіРёРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРСРС РѓР °РЊ РРР †Р †РµРјРјРјРјРјРиииРЂЂЂЂЂЂЌЌЌиРРРРЊРЊРЊРЊРЊРЊРёРёРЊРЊРЊРЊРЊРЊРЊРЊРЊРЊРЊРЊРЊРЊРЊR ности, РЅР ° С, Р ° РЅРєРё "ШермР° РЅ").

PR Р'еР"СЊРіРёРёР, Р“ РѕР »Р» Р ° РЅРґРёРёР, РтР° Р »РёРё, Р РЅРґРёРё, Р› РёРІР ° РЅР °, Р Р · СЂР ° РёР »СЏ, Р • РіРёРїР ° РР ° Ryo С‚.Рґ.). RђRњRҐ-30 SѓS ‡ ° F SЃS,RІRѕRІR ° F »P ± PI RѕRμRІS <C ... ... RґRμR№SЃS,RІRoSЏS RІRѕ R'SЊRμS,RЅR ° RјRμ PI 13-1953 RіRѕRґR ° C ... RЅR ° P'P" Röhr ¶РЅРµРј Р'остоке РІ 1954, 1956, 1967 РіРѕРґР ° С… Ryo S ‚. Рґ.

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  1. Aaron Zawi
    Aaron Zawi 8 December 2012 12: 20
    +1
    Extremely unsuccessfully showed himself in the Six Day War. He practically did not participate in the Doomsday War.
  2. Kars
    Kars 8 December 2012 12: 22
    +4
    The Arab-Israeli wars quickly proved that maneuverability was inferior to protection in a tank battle, after which Israel quickly sold the AMX-13 to various Singaporean cities.

    A rather rare photo, shot down by the Israeli AMX-13 (a broken one) is difficult with a photo of destroyed Jewish equipment (compared to other participants)
    1. neri73-r
      neri73-r 9 December 2012 21: 30
      +3
      hard with photos of destroyed Jewish technology (compared to other participants)

      a classic of the Western, democratic and independent media genre - where we ourselves are crap, we don’t show, and where a little we’ve hooked our opponents. so we shoot and shoot from all angles and massively broadcast, by the type of which we are strong, courageous and advanced. and our equipment is the best !!!! Though. this is usually not the case.
  3. Brother Sarych
    Brother Sarych 8 December 2012 12: 22
    +2
    The idea of ​​the tank is curious, but in real combat you somehow hardly imagine it - if you just ride and scare those around you, then yes, but if there is an enemy and he is not empty-handed, you will somehow not envy the crew ...
    1. Allegedly
      Allegedly 8 December 2012 21: 05
      +2
      You are absolutely right, except for a little. He should not engage in a real battle with medium or heavy tanks, for this is not even a tank at all, or rather not in its usual understanding ...
  4. Pashhenko Nikolay
    Pashhenko Nikolay 8 December 2012 12: 58
    +1
    I agree with the comments above. The only advantage is an automatic loader. But there is no armor, no tank.
  5. Mikhado
    Mikhado 8 December 2012 13: 42
    +7
    This is a clean bush camper - shot a store at a fast pace on attacking drunken red star bears - and in the rear ravines, replenish styling and change diapers laughing
    1. Allegedly
      Allegedly 8 December 2012 21: 14
      +3
      WOT, of course, is a good thing for men of age, keeps brains in good shape, there is communication with not the dumbest youth. You can always refresh the performance characteristics for all sorts of things. But this is just a game ... although ...
    2. irony
      irony 9 December 2012 20: 43
      0
      Elegantly outlined!
  6. mcvdvlad
    mcvdvlad 8 December 2012 16: 54
    +3
    Firefly)))
    1. 755962
      755962 8 December 2012 22: 03
      +3
      Quote: mcvdvlad
      Firefly)))

      I see the topic)))) hi
      1. Allegedly
        Allegedly 8 December 2012 23: 37
        0
        Some of them carried eight snouts. feel ...
      2. Allegedly
        Allegedly 9 December 2012 00: 06
        +2
        The tank was originally conceived as a 90mm gun, but was mass-produced with 75mm (rifled), and is also found with a 105mm gun ---
  7. datur
    datur 8 December 2012 19: 53
    0
    quick cockroach !!! wink laughing No, well, if the Papuans drive, it’s the most !!!! yes but not more!!!! laughing
  8. Allegedly
    Allegedly 8 December 2012 20: 26
    +4
    My favorite tank articles fellow ! All tank crew prüvet drinks

    The article is good, but it does not say much more than is said. This tank was originally designed as a light armored vehicle, which is parachuted from an aircraft, as support for landing and saboteurs. In theory, this is not even a tank laughing . I am sure that all the tasks for which it was created and was originally conceived, are performed by this machine by 201%. And no landing or saboteurs will refuse such a cover. Such a tank should not take part in battles, because when it was small, the trees were already big. During short-term special operations, he may not even have time to shoot the entire drum (6). He must instantly and guaranteedly destroy what special forces are not in size (if the cap is not according to Senka wink ) In short, in the style and in the spirit of arrogant and impudent special operations, Franz.Ino.Legion. Do also, will respect and fear ...
    1. Kars
      Kars 8 December 2012 21: 10
      0
      Quote: JACOB
      dropped by parachute from the plane, as support for the landing and saboteurs

      is it even written to them? about saboteurs is especially funny - suicide bombers?
      Quote: JACOB
      In short, in the style and in the spirit of arrogant and impudent special operations, Franz.Ino.Legion.

      NDA Vietnam and Algeria still remember them.

      Well, the launcher of ATGM Hot is just the launcher of ATGM hot.
      1. Allegedly
        Allegedly 8 December 2012 21: 33
        +1
        This is an excerpt from reports from the Sinai Front in 1967.

        South of Tal was the Yafé Division, consisting of an armored brigade of Centurions under the command of Colonel Isakhar (Iski) Shadmi, and another, also armed with Centurion tanks, led by Colonel Elhanan Sela. Further south was the third division, the Sharon, with one infantry brigade, and an armored brigade commanded by Colonel Mordechai Tsipori with one Centurion battalion and one Isherman battalion. The division also included a reconnaissance battalion of AMX-13 tanks and a parachute brigade, which was sent to the Jordan front even before the outbreak of hostilities.

        According to the plan, Tal’s division dealt a blow through Rafah’s key defense hub in the Gaza Strip and broke through to the coast of El Arish. The Yafe division advanced through the desert south of Tal to prevent the reinforcement of El Arish. Sharon had to seize the important position of Abu Ageyl, which created such problems for Israel in 1956, and then break through to the Gidi and Mitla passes. In addition to the three divisions in the Negev was a separate armored brigade under the command of Colonel Albert Mandler as a counterweight to the Egyptian troops of Shazli.

        The Egyptian garrison in Sinai consisted of four infantry divisions, an armored division and an armored task force. The 20th Palestinian Division in the Gaza Strip had a battalion of old Shermans, about a dozen of them M4 / FL10. Behind her, the 7th Infantry Division, stationed from Rafah along the coast to El Arish, was supported by approximately 70 tanks, including 30 heavy IS-3Ms. There was also a SU-100 company, a large number of BTR-152s and a ZSU-57-2 battery guarding the El Arish airstrip. The 2nd Infantry Division took up positions in the Abu Ageila triangle with attached 88 tanks, mainly T-34-85s, which supplemented the SU-100's dug in the ground. The 3rd Infantry Division, with similar armored vehicles supporting it, remained in reserve around Jebel Libni.

        The battalion AMX-13 was with the parachute brigade ...
        1. Kars
          Kars 8 December 2012 22: 03
          0
          Quote: JACOB
          The battalion AMX-13 was with the parachute brigade ...

          So what? You can learn more about how the French made an airborne tank in the 1949-52, under which aircraft - where it is mentioned. It's just interesting.

          Or did your parachute brigade land with parachutes?

          Quote: Sorrow
          ATGM is not even HOT, it's ss11 .....

          it may very well be, but in theory they also installed XOT, did not particularly bother.
      2. Speedy
        Speedy 8 December 2012 21: 46
        +1
        ATGM is not even HOT, it's ss11 .....
  9. Speedy
    Speedy 8 December 2012 21: 55
    0
    In general, what kind of tank is this, the Austrians even called their cuirassier a tank destroyer rather than a tank ....
    1. Torang
      Torang 7 May 2013 13: 58
      +1
      Well, by and large it was not a tank at all ... The Austrians and the French needed different cars, the Austrians had cheap tank destroyers for defense, the French had mobile expeditionary vehicles for Africa, they just went one way.
  10. bart74
    bart74 9 December 2012 03: 04
    +4
    Respect for Igor for the article! French docks in light tanks. Who doesn’t know. A light tank differs from the main one in that it is used in local special operations, and when patrolling controlled territories. Piece production. I think that the future lies with such vehicles, subject to more advanced technical stuffing, such as anti-tank defense and air defense. If you make a lot of cheap boxes, each compartment has a tank, then the army will not be cooler.
    1. Allegedly
      Allegedly 9 December 2012 14: 59
      0
      I thank you for expressing my thought, which, due to tongue-tied tongue, I could not formulate so succinctly ...
      1. Allegedly
        Allegedly 9 December 2012 15: 22
        +1
        Although they are not so cool and these tanks with their French, but most importantly - not a soldier should be for the military-industrial complex, but a military-industrial complex for the soldier. It happens that for a special task you need a special tank ...
  11. Bugor
    Bugor 9 December 2012 20: 05
    +1
    Quote: bart74
    each compartment in the tank

    So I don't really understand why change the BMP to a "light tank"? Air transportability, yes, but BMPs can also be airlifted. But who will provide support to this pseudo-tank? There is no infantry inside ... So, another plane? And why patrol the territory on a wedge heel with an anti-tank gun? You can't fight off a tank, and even more so from infantry (landing). Having shot everything that is in the AZ, the crew MUST LEAVE THE CAR to reload. Kick-ass little idea. Apparently, that's why our designers created the BMP. And when installed on this miracle of anti-aircraft defense and air defense, it will not budge.
  12. Ratibor12
    Ratibor12 10 December 2012 02: 34
    +1
    "... the sad state of French industry after the war ..."

    Accordingly, a sad result.
  13. Mohomax
    Mohomax 21 March 2013 14: 08
    +1
    AMX 13 Doesn’t wear armor to control it whole art like the Eiffel Tower is the same air