Why are NATO afraid of "Iskander"

Not so long ago, Russian Iskander operational tactical missile systems were deployed in the Kaliningrad region, designed to control most of Eastern Europe, including objects of the Euro-Atlantic missile defense system. Russian complexes are expected to attract the attention of foreign experts and journalists, and also become the subject of new publications. Thus, the Italian newspaper Il Giornale recently published its view on the Russian Iskander and their influence on the international situation.

2 August newspaper published an article with the telling title “Ecco perchè la Nato teme il sistema missilistico russo Iskander”: “That’s why NATO is afraid of the Russian Iskander missile system. In the subtitle, the author of the article, Franco Yakk, notes that a new version of this complex was created to combat the superiority of NATO fleets. Further, he considers other issues related to the deployment and use of Russian missiles.

The author recalls that the missile brigades armed by the Iskanders are stationed in several regions - in the Baikal region, in the Leningrad region, in the southern regions of Russia, as well as in Syria and near Kaliningrad. At the same time, the Kaliningrad region is a key element of Russian protection in the western direction, in the form of an arc extending from the Arctic to the Black Sea. In the course of a hypothetical armed conflict with NATO - since Russia has no bases on the Belarusian territory - the Kaliningrad region will provide access to the northern flank.

In peacetime, the region solves other problems. It turns out to be an advanced post suitable for gathering intelligence information, and is also an important element of the strategic deterrence system. As for the "Iskander", then, based near Kaliningrad, they can hit targets even in Germany.

Kaliningrad - the European fortress of Moscow

Kaliningrad Oblast is a Russian enclave located between Poland and Lithuania. Except for the sea routes, as well as the railway communication, which is under threat at the beginning of a real conflict, the region is separated from Russia. In fact, the region is a giant platform suitable for deploying strategic missiles. According to Moscow, defense facilities near Kaliningrad are a response to the expansion of NATO, as well as the appearance of missile defense facilities in Eastern Europe.

In theory, according to F. Yakk, the Euro-Atlantic missile defense system in the form of Aegis Ashore systems has the ability to intercept Russian missiles in the initial part of the flight, but this will be of little use. The existing missile defense will not be able to cope with the massive blow that should be expected when Russia joins a nuclear war. So far it is capable of fighting only medium-range missiles flying from the Middle East.

The United States and NATO have repeatedly argued that their missile defense system is designed specifically to combat the threat of the Middle East and is not built to confront Russia. At the same time, Moscow continues to express concern and speaks of the risks to the existing system of mutual deterrence. We are talking about NATO defense facilities in Romania and Poland.

F. Yakk believes that the Kaliningrad region will not be able to ensure the advance of a sufficient group. With limited confrontation with the NATO countries, the region will have to act in isolation from the main forces, and its size is insufficient to fully carry out such operations. In the framework of a hypothetical conflict, the region will deal exclusively with self-defense. However, it can accommodate missile systems designed to attack the control structures of European armies. The region is becoming a strategically important element of defense in the western direction.

Multi-purpose missile system "Iskander-M"

The author recalls the technical features of Russian weapons. The 9K270 "Iskander" complex (Stone in the NATO classification) is a high-precision system with a tactical ballistic missile capable of carrying a nuclear weapon. The circular deviation of the missile is only 10 m.

The complex was created by Kolomna KBM and in 2006 year entered service. The new version of the complex includes a single-stage solid-fuel rocket 9М723-1. On the basis of this product, according to F. Yakka, the Dagger rocket was created. The ballistic missile has an inertial navigation system, which is complemented by optical-electronic homing on the final leg of the flight. To evade the enemy's missile defense system and dump false targets, the rocket can perform vigorous maneuvers. According to the Missile Threat project, overloading can reach 30 units when maneuvering. However, Western experts do not confirm such missile capabilities.

The rocket navigation system does not depend on weather conditions. In addition, the flight path does not differ much in height, with the result that the rocket remains in the atmosphere. When flying, the rocket accelerates to M = 2,5. The Iskander-M missile version for the Russian army has a range of up to 480 km.

After the complex arrives at the position, it takes 16 minutes to launch a pair of missiles. If the Iskander is already in position and on duty, the same problem is solved in 4 minutes. At the same time, the interval between launches - for the initial version of the complex intended for the Russian army - can be as little as 50 seconds. Two missiles such a salvo can be aimed at different objects.

Iskander-M is a mobile complex, and therefore it is almost impossible to predict the launch of rockets. The complex is not strategic weapons, but belongs to the operational-tactical class. It is intended to destroy important stationary objects with known coordinates. Missiles can be used against artillery and rocket batteries, airfields, ports, command posts, factories, etc. After launch, the rocket can be re-targeted to another object. One of the objectives of the complex is leveling the logistics advantages of the enemy during the conflict.

It is believed that the missile complex 9K270 has a payload of the order of 700-750 kg and can carry a nuclear warhead of 50 kt. The upgraded version of the Iskander-M2 system, according to F. Yakka, will have higher performance. There is also an export version of the Iskander-E, distinguished by the firing range of the entire 280 km and the use of a missile with an inseparable warhead.

9М768 / Р-500 Iskander-K

The author recalls that the Iskander-M multipurpose complex is usually equipped with a pair of 9М723-1 ballistic missiles. In addition, it is able to use medium-range cruise anti-ship missiles, known as 9М728 or Р-500. The P-500 product was created using the RK-55 Relief, 3М-54 Caliber, X-55 and X-101 / 102 themes. It is capable of hitting a target at a distance of up to 500 km. The first test launch of the Iskander-K missile took place at the end of May 2007.

The P-500 / 9М728 rocket is equipped with an inertial navigation system coupled with a GPS / GLONASS receiver. It carries an 500 kg of combat load, which can be used as a nuclear warhead from 10 to 50 kt. According to known data, the deployment of nuclear missiles P-500 began at the end of last year. The missile is capable of hitting moving targets, and its QUO is just 5 m. The Iskander anti-ship modification is designed to fight NATO cruisers and destroyers and is designed to reduce enemy superiority at sea. To increase combat effectiveness in the final leg of the flight, the rocket accelerates to M = 3 and decreases to the altitude 5-10 m above sea level.

Several years ago, the 9М728 rocket was first used as part of an exercise by Russian troops from the Southern Military District.

9М729 Iskander-K, Novator

According to the United States, not so long ago, two batteries of the Iskander complexes received a promising 9М729 Novator cruise missile (according to the NATO classification - SSC-8). Unlike its predecessors, this product is capable of showing a range of at least 5500 km. In this regard, F. Yakk writes about a possible violation of the existing treaty on medium and short-range missiles.

At the same time, he notes the fighting qualities of the newest rocket. When launched from the Moscow region, the 9М729 product will be able to hit any target in Western Europe. The launch of such missiles from the territory of Siberia allows you to control the entire US West Coast.

Russia's position

Official Moscow has repeatedly expressed concern about the deployment of the Euro-Atlantic missile defense system. Russia believes that the appearance of an anti-missile shield over Europe could disrupt strategic stability in the region. Missile defense is considered not as a means of defense, but as another advanced component of the offensive system. According to the Russian position, the universal vertical launcher Mk 41 used as part of the Aegis Ashore complex violates the terms and conditions of the INF Treaty. Moscow fears that such installations can be used not only for antimissiles, but also with medium-range percussion systems. The launch of cruise missiles from the territory of Poland or Romania allows the likely adversary to hold important objects at gunpoint on Russian territory.

Russia is also concerned about the current American program Prompt Global Strike. It provides for the creation of non-nuclear weapons, characterized by high accuracy, as well as reduced preparation and striking time. It is assumed that to perform an attack on any part of the planet, the “Quick global strike” will spend no more than an hour. The new concept of the United States is based on conventional weapons, but may conflict with the treaty on medium and short-range missiles, prohibiting the creation of systems with a radius from 500 to 5500 km.

What does NATO fear?

Franco Yakk recalls that not only Russia has claims to a foreign partner. The countries of the North Atlantic alliance are also not quite satisfied with the activities of Moscow, they suspect something is wrong and put forward retaliatory accusations.

The United States and NATO also accuse the Russian authorities of violating the INF Treaty signed in 1987. The reason for such charges was the placement of the battery of Iskander complexes armed with the 9М729 / SSC-8 rocket at the Kapustin Yar proving ground. An even more serious concern is the deployment of new missiles on warships. Moscow armed its fleet with medium-range missiles. In addition, the Russian fleet has repeatedly demonstrated this weapon, carrying out strikes against the targets of the Islamists in Syria.

F. Yakk indicates that such attacks demonstrate the capabilities of the new Russian weapons. So, being in the water area of ​​the Caspian Sea, Russian ships with new missiles on board have the opportunity to attack some NATO countries. Such a blow can be carried out with the use of nuclear or conventional weapons.


For known and obvious reasons, the majority of foreign publications on Russian arms, its prospects and the impact on the international situation are characterized by an engagement and not the most objective reflection of the situation. Fortunately, the material “Ecco perchè la Nato teme il sistema missilistico russo Iskander” from the Italian newspaper Il Giornale stands out from the crowd and tries to look at the current situation and its components without the traditional stamps of today.

In his article, Franco Yakk examined the technical features of the Iskander missile system and its new modifications, the particular deployment of such weapons in Russian territories, as well as its influence in the international arena. In addition, the Italian author has not forgotten about other rocket weapons. Disputes between states based on mutual accusations did not go unnoticed. As a result, the foreign reader was able to obtain fairly complete information without significant distortions in one direction or another.

The article "Ecco perchè la Nato teme il sistema missilistico russo Iskander":
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  1. +6
    14 August 2018 06: 58
    So, being in the waters of the Caspian Sea, Russian ships with new missiles on board are able to attack some NATO countries.
    Here's how they read the contracts! The INF Treaty clearly states - for non-terrestrial-based missiles. Missiles launched from air and sea carriers are not subject to the contract.
    1. 0
      14 August 2018 18: 06
      That is, PU must be done on an air cushion ...


      ... and enlist the personnel in the Air Force.
      1. PN
        14 August 2018 21: 28
        Well, you can place it on the raft, on the river, you also can’t legally dig.
    2. 0
      16 August 2018 09: 49
      For well-known and obvious reasons, most foreign publications on Russian weapons, their prospects and impact on the international situation are biased and not the most objective reflection of the situation. Fortunately,

      Oh .. WHAT PLAYS
      and trust is the most expensive product
  2. +2
    14 August 2018 07: 38
    Everything is fine, but when will the domestic correctable versions of the MLRS 220mm and 300mm missiles with long range and good accuracy appear? They would qualitatively and massively supplement the Iskanders.
    1. 0
      14 August 2018 18: 43
      MLRS - a multiple launch rocket system.

      Volley fire involves the defeat of multiple ammunition (missiles) in the areas.

      What accuracy?

      For 300 mm caliber, there is ammunition with a drone, after which missiles with cluster anti-tank self-aiming ammunition can be launched. Or maybe a cassette fragmentation warhead.

      In short, these are weapons for the destruction of troops on the bridgehead. At 90-120 km range.

      Tactical missiles are for the destruction of launchers, bunkers, caponiers, factories, warehouses, well-protected buildings and objects. Warhead of great power or nuclear.
  3. +3
    14 August 2018 12: 45
    The reason for such accusations was the deployment of a battery of Iskander systems armed with a 9M729 / SSC-8 missile at the Kapustin Yar training ground.

    What problems?
    There are doubts - arrange inspections.
    Do not want to negotiate inspections with you - think why?
    Maybe it was not worth introducing sanctions, aggravating relations, correspondingly provoking an escalation of the situation and provoking an arms race ...
    1. +1
      15 August 2018 03: 25
      Quote: DimerVladimer
      There are doubts - arrange inspections.
      Do not want to negotiate inspections with you - think why?

      My purely personal opinion on this issue simply to the obscene:
      1. We do not need mechanisms for mutual inspections with the Americans.
      2. New agreements on the SALT-START line, too.

      The reasons are simple: all the "pain points" of the United States have long been known, like the old ladies of Europe. Their (European arsenal) is not accounted for anywhere, i.e. the arsenal of NATO countries is not summarized in treaties. I am not a note-book non-proliferator, and an excessive number of inspectors, experts of the "world scale" feed around the topic. And it’s just unpleasant to know how we are still doing, for example, foreign technology for the protection and control of the perimeter of secure facilities. For nothing. How do we dispose of our nuclear submarines simply because YUZHMASH cannot produce and sell anything to Russia, and we either cannot manage our SLBMs (for a specific project), or simply will not have time with development and testing. There is no need for us to discuss anything in this area with the most likely enemy. Already reduced, nowhere else.
  4. +1
    14 August 2018 14: 10
    It seems they are at the airport in Chernyakhovsk
    1. 0
      14 August 2018 18: 08
      Bored too much, IMHO.

      No matter how it happened, like June 22, 1941.
    2. -1
      14 August 2018 18: 54
      This is S-300 (or S-400)
  5. +1
    14 August 2018 16: 33
    When flying, the rocket accelerates to M = 2,5.

    The maximum speed at the end of the outcrop will be 2100 m / s or approximately 6,3 M. In a collision with the ground, the speed will be approximately 2,1M - 2,4M
  6. +1
    14 August 2018 19: 16
    How beautifully written
    "as well as rail links, which are threatened at the beginning of a real conflict"
    That is, according to the author, the railway communication is at risk in the event of a conflict! But I wonder how, in the opinion of the author, the Baltic States are not at risk?
    1. +1
      14 August 2018 21: 45
      15 minutes after the outbreak of the war, on this railway there will be hangers and special forces gru sit and smoke
  7. -3
    15 August 2018 17: 05
    With the permanent deployment of the Iskanders in the Kaliningrad region, NATO can respond strictly symmetrically. Place in Poland exactly the same tactical BRs for counter-battery combat: strikes against the Iskander launchers. Iskanders have time to shoot at most once.
    The bridgehead is dangerous, but very vulnerable.
    1. +2
      16 August 2018 09: 55
      mutually-- to M far and to the Urals even further
      and Berlin -Paris-Munich-et al not vulnerable?
      the most expensive commodity is trust. in Palestine they don’t have it, therefore they don’t sell it
    2. +2
      19 August 2018 01: 13
      Quote: voyaka uh
      With the permanent deployment of the Iskanders in the Kaliningrad region, NATO can respond strictly symmetrically. Place in Poland exactly the same tactical BRs for counter-battery combat: strikes against the Iskander launchers. Iskanders have time to shoot at most once.
      The bridgehead is dangerous, but very vulnerable.

      Of course. You cannot but agree with you.
      But it seems to me that the purpose of the Iskander is to deliver a strike (including with missiles with nuclear "stuffing") against radar missile defense systems and strategically important objects. Once. After a single successful launch (strike), the further survival of these systems (and calculations) will no longer matter.
    3. 0
      18 January 2019 19: 12
      Once will be enough. The main thing is to do it first. Unlike June 22.06.41, XNUMX, the leadership does not have to puzzle over whether the USA and the FBI will enter the war with the USSR in the event of a preemptive strike. It is enough to wait for a dangerous concentration of enemy troops or reliable information about the preparation of a massive attack.

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