Military Review

Double-barreled gun Gast

In Germany in 1917, requirements were announced for an aircraft machine gun with a rate of fire of more than 700 rounds per minute, suitable for mobile aviation installations. Carl Gast (Gast) developed an organically paired automaton circuit. Presented by Forwerk, the Gast double-barreled machine gun was tested in the fall of 1917, and already in the winter an order was issued for 3 machine guns. True, now they were intended to be used in the air defense system - the increasing superiority of the allies in the air affected, but some were nevertheless used on aircraft.

Double-barreled gun Gast

In both systems, the barrel recoil scheme was used in the short run, kinematically they were tied by a swinging arm. Swivel larva, made in the form of a roller, made the barrel bore locked. The roller was attached to the receiver vertically. The mobile system moved forward at a speed equal to the recoil speed, and the rate of fire increased to 1600 rounds per minute, the weight and dimensions were less than that of conventional machine guns, and the recoil impulse transmitted to the support did not exceed the recoil impulse of one barrel. Each barrel was powered from a disk magazine with a radial 180 (192) cartridges.

Finalize this promising weapon simply did not have time. The assembly of the first production models began shortly before the conclusion of a truce. Developed versions with caliber 11 and 13 mm, were not built. The degree of secrecy of work on “especially rapid-fire” machine guns was so high that the Allied Disarmament Commission became aware of it only after 25 units were discovered in the Königsberg fortress, the commission registered 1314 machine guns and full sets of parts.

Technical characteristics of the Gusta machine gun:
Patron - 7,92x57 "Mauser";
The mass of the “body” of the machine gun is 18,5 kg (without cartridges);
The length of the "body" of the machine gun - 1470 mm;
Barrel length - 720 mm;
Grooves - 4 right;
Initial bullet speed - 895 m / s;
The rate of fire - 1300-1600 shots per minute;
Magazine capacity - 2x180 cartridges;
Installation type - anti-aircraft tripod;
The angle of horizontal guidance - 360 grad mustache.

Based on: S. Fedoseev - Machine Guns in the First World War

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  1. Kibb
    Kibb 18 May 2012 10: 21
    It is quite a sound idea, for some reason, not very widespread
    Only Gryazev and Shipunov appreciated it, but the Gast system does not have many of the organic flaws inherent in revolving guns and Gatling, with a very acceptable rate of fire
  2. borisst64
    borisst64 18 May 2012 11: 20
    GSH-6-23 - six-barrel aviation 23-mm automatic gun Gatling scheme.
    Nevertheless, Gryazev and Shipunov preferred the Gatling scheme.
    1. Kibb
      Kibb 18 May 2012 12: 09
      Gryazev and Shipunov created many systems, and among them the very massive GS-23
      according to the Gast system
      It was mounted on the MiG-21S / SM / MF / PFM, MiG-23, Yak-28PM, L-39, Su-15TM, ​​Su-17M, Yak-38M, Mi-24VP, Mi-35M, Tu-22M, Tu-95 , G-4 Super Galeb, I-22 Iryda, Orao 1/2, IAR-99

      GSh-6-23 MiG-27, MiG-31, Su-24, Su-24M
      GSH-6-30 MiG-27

      As you can see, even taking into account shipborne assault rifles, the GS-23 was much more common than the GSh Gatlings
  3. Dust
    Dust 18 May 2012 11: 28
    Yeah, definitely a shaitan machine! Oh, these Germans ...
  4. snek
    snek 18 May 2012 11: 54
    For 1917, an excellent weapon.
  5. Black Colonel
    Black Colonel 18 May 2012 15: 03
    In fact, the memory 23-2 forgot to mention. Although in fact it is one and the same.
  6. Kibb
    Kibb 18 May 2012 15: 13
    ZU 23-2 sparks of independent automatic machines is not Gast
    Offhand another 2A38 (GSH30) on Tunguska
    1. Black Colonel
      Black Colonel 17 January 2018 13: 03
      This is not a spark of automata, but a pure Gast system. Check out the material, in NET there is a lot of information.
      1. Krokodil68
        Krokodil68 7 February 2018 12: 51
        No "Gast" in the memory 23-2 and did not smell close.
        TWO absolutely unrelated, kinematically independent automata installed.
        What they have in common is just a "descent" ... from the pedal (from the left seat)
        Believe me, an old, 49-year-old .. bearded uncle, who from this device (installed on the Ural-375D, in the back) .. in 2001, in the summer, shot at the Drama Theater in the city of Grozny.
        (there was a sniper on the roof)
        Disheveled ...)))

        Check out the specially trained book (if I DO NOT BELIEVE):
        The device and operation of 23 mm. ZU-23 anti-aircraft installation

        I explain briefly.
        ZU-23-2 - recharge with a GAS ENGINE.
        (removal of powder gases)
        Gast - recoil of the trunk, with a short course.