On the last day of March, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Vladimir Korolev, spoke about the plans of the military department regarding the acceptance of new ships. According to him, in the period from 2018 to 2020, the fleet will receive and enter ships and vessels of all main classes into combat. At the moment, this is the main task that the command sets itself. During the specified period, according to the commander, during the specified period the navy will receive about fifty units of equipment.
At the same time V. Korolev does not doubt the successful implementation of current plans. In the implementation of the shipbuilding program on the 2018-20 years, the Navy cooperates with the Ministry of Industry and Trade, as well as with leading companies in the industry. In this regard, the command of the Navy looks to the future with optimism.
Expected shipments of ships and vessels should complete the implementation of current orders that have arisen as part of the current State Arms Program, designed for 2011-2020 years. For obvious reasons, orders under the new program launched this year will be fulfilled no earlier than the beginning of the next decade, after the end of the current one. Consider the current position and calculate the new orders, which will complete the current state program.
Already this year, the Navy will have to receive the next strategic missile submarine of strategic design of project 955A Borey - Prince Vladimir. Now this ship is in state tests, and in the very near future it will be transferred to the customer. For 2019, the delivery of the cruiser "Prince Oleg" is planned. According to current plans, by the end of 2020 the fleet two more boats of the Borey type will be transferred - Generalissimo Suvorov and Emperor Alexander III.
According to recent news, in 2019, the Navy will receive two multipurpose nuclear submarines of the 885M Ash project at once. Tests of the ship "Kazan" significantly delayed, because of what it will be able to pass only next year. Following him, the fleet will receive the boat "Novosibirsk". In accordance with the current plans, by the end of 2020, another four “Ash trees” should be transferred. Ships named “Krasnoyarsk”, “Arkhangelsk”, “Perm” and “Ulyanovsk” are still at different stages of construction. They will complete the current series.
In 2018, the special submarine K-329 "Belgorod" should be completed. Initially, it was built on the project 949A "Antey", but the construction was frozen. A few years ago, work continued, although it was decided to complete the construction of the ship on the project 09852. No later than 2020, the Khabarovsk submarine, built according to the 09851 project, will be handed over to the customer. What tasks are to be solved by two special ships after they have been commissioned - not specified.
Last year, the construction of a new series of diesel-electric submarines 636.3 "Varshavyanka" was launched, and its first results will appear in the near future. In 2019 and 2020, the industry plans to launch the first submarines of the new series, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and Volkhov. The following ships will be laid only next year, and therefore they will be transferred to the Navy only in the early twenties.
The situation with the diesel-electric submarines of the 677 "Lada" project is similar. In 2018, it is planned to launch the first production boat of this type, the Kronstadt. It was laid in 2005 year, but after a few years the construction was suspended. Work resumed in 2013, and so far have not yielded the desired results. However, the construction has already reached the final stretch. Due to recent problems, the completion of construction and the delivery of new “Lad” are postponed to the twenties.
Already in 2018, the fleet's combat composition could be replenished with two frigates of the 22350 project. The head "Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Pots" and the first serial "Admiral of the Fleet of Kasaton" are completed and are already being tested. Prior to 2020, the third project ship, the Admiral Golovko, is also planned to be deployed. The fourth frigate will be able to pass only in the next decade. At the same time, four more ships are expected.
The fleet already has five 20380 corvettes. In the foreseeable future, their number will increase. On 2018, the year is scheduled for delivery of the next ship under the name "Loud". By the end of the decade, the construction of the “Reactive” will be completed, which can begin service in 2020 year. Three more corvettes are being built, but will be sent to service later.
Also expected to complete work on two corvettes project 20385. The ship “Thundering” was launched last year, and in 2018 it is planned to be deployed in the fleet. The second ship, “Agile”, is still on the stocks, but will be launched shortly. No later than 2019-2020, it will be handed over to the customer.
This year, the sixth rocket ship of the 21631 project “Buyan-M”, which received the name “Vyshniy Volochek”, will begin service. Despite certain problems that arose during construction, the main work was completed, and the ship was put to the test. Over the next few months, he will complete the checks and receive the flag of the Navy. The launch of the Orekhovo-Zuyevo and Ingushetia MRK is also scheduled for this year. In operation, they will enter 2019-m. In 2020, the Grayvoron spacecraft will be deployed. Later, the fleet will receive several more similar combat units.
In the 2018-2020 years, the Navy intends to receive nine small rocket ships of the newest project 22800 "Karakurt". The head "Hurricane" and the first serial "Typhoon" are already launched. Soon they will complete the tests and replenish the fleet. Also for the current year is scheduled transfer of the ship "Monsoon". The next Storm and Flurry will start service in 2019, and the next 2020 is scheduled to deliver the ships Storm, Okhotsk, Cyclone and Smerch. It is important that the construction of "Karakurtov" will not stop there.
At the end of March, the head patrol ship of the 22160 project - "Vasily Bykov" went out on state tests. Until the end of the year it is supposed to check and enter into the fleet combat composition. Also in the near future, the first serial ship of this type, the Dmitry Rogachev, will be put to the test. He will be handed over no later than the beginning of 2019. The transfer of the third and fourth patrol ships named Pavel Derzhavin and Sergey Kotov is scheduled for 2020 year. Two more ships are already costing, but the customer will receive them only in the early twenties.
In 2018-2020, the protracted история with the construction of large landing ships project 11711. After completion of state tests this year, the Navy will receive the head BDK "Ivan Gren." In 2018 or 2019, the second ship, “Peter Morgunov” will be transferred. Further construction of such ships is not planned.
The construction of the base minesweepers for the 12700 Alexandrite project continues. Three of them are at different stages of construction and will be commissioned in 2018-2020. The deadlines for the transfer of the first serial “George Kurbatov” are still unknown: the fire at the construction site led to the need to restore the structures and to shift the deadlines for completion of the works. Three more ships, the construction of which has not yet begun, under certain circumstances, may be handed over to 2020-2021.
Currently, there are six anti-sabotage boats of the 21980 Rook project at different stages of construction. However, only two of them are intended for the Navy. The remaining items were ordered by Rosgvardia. However, they will all be completed, tested and handed over to customers already in 2018.
Since 2016, two rocket boats of the 12418 project have been under construction. The first of them will give the fleet this year. The transfer of the second is scheduled for 2019 year.
In 2018, the navy will receive a pair of 02510 / BK-16 high-speed amphibious assault boats. In the future, their construction can continue.
In the shipbuilding program, the frigates of the 11356 project stand alone. Now there are three such ships at the stage of completion near the wall - “Admiral Butakov”, “Admiral Istomin” and “Admiral Kornilov”. Due to problems with the supply of components, their construction was suspended, but it was nevertheless resumed. If no new problems arise, the industry will be able to complete their construction and testing by the end of 2020. However, transfer of frigates at a later time is not excluded.
In the coming months, the Navy plans to commission the first serial 18280 reconnaissance ship Ivan Hurs. He is now on probation and is nearing completion. Two more such ships will be built later, but not earlier than 2020-2021.
Auxiliary vessels of the 20180 family are under construction. This year the fleet will receive the sea tug Akademik Alexandrov of the 20183 project and the sea transport of weapons Akademik Makeev of the 20183TV project. New members of the family will appear in the twenties.
The construction of 20360M project weapons transports, Gennady Dmitriev and Vladimir Pyalov, is underway. According to the contract, they will be transferred to the Navy in 2019 and 2020 respectively.
The construction of sea tugboats of projects 23120 and 23470 continues. Leading ships of the projects Elbrus and Sergey Balk are scheduled to be commissioned this year. Two more such vessels will complete trials next year. Further construction of such tugs is not planned.
Two off-road tugboats from the 16609 project and one 04690 project are expected. The Navy in the recent past received one ship of these projects.
Soon the average tanker Akademik Pashin, built on the 23131 project, will be put to sea trials. In the absence of problems, he will begin service this year. A little later, the appearance of two new ships of this type is expected. Also in 2018-2020, the fleet will receive four small sea tanker project 03182. The first one will go to service in the coming months. Two more will pass in 2019 year, the fourth - in 2020-m.
The construction of three boats of the project 1388H3 is being completed. It was originally planned to build them in the configuration of communications boats, but then two of them decided to make torpedoles. All three boats will be commissioned no later than 2019 of the year.
The grouping of communications vessels must be supplemented with a boat "John of Kronstadt" of the 21270 project. In 2018 and 2019, two cable vessels of the 15310 project, the Volga and Vyatka, respectively, are handed over to the fleet.
By 2018, there was a noticeable renewal of the rescue boat fleet. By the end of the year, four rescue boats of the 23040 project are expected to be delivered. Also ordered two multifunctional rescue boat project 23370M. The head, QMS-2177, was tested and soon it will raise the flag.
New vessels to be mastered by the naval hydrographs. In 2018, the fleet will receive large hydrographic boats of the 23040G project with the names “George Winter” and “Alexander Evlanov”. In the future, four more such boats will be built. The year 2019 is scheduled for delivery of small hydrographic vessels of the project 19910, “Nikolay Skosyrev” and “Alexander Rogotsky”.
Having certain information about the plans of the navy and shipbuilding industry, it is easy to calculate how many ships, ships and submarines are currently at different stages of construction or undergoing tests, as well as how many combat and auxiliary units will replenish the Navy in the coming years. Let's summarize and compare them with the stated plans of the command for the 2018-2020 years.
In the area of strategic submarine missile carriers, the delivery of 5 new ships is planned. The fleet will also receive 6 multi-purpose submarines and 2 special submarines with a nuclear power plant. 3 diesel-electric submarines will be completed and delivered. In total, for the three years under consideration, the fleet will be handed over 16 submarines of all classes.
Surface ship connections will receive the 3 frigate, the 4 corvette, and also the 13 small rocket ships. 4 patrol ships, 2 large landing craft and 3 base minesweeper will be obtained. Scheduled completion and transfer of 6 boats of several types. Another 3 frigate is still in question: they will be completed, but may not be in time for the 2020 year. Thus, the surface fleet for the surveyed period will receive at least 35 ships and boats.
The grouping of auxiliary ships will be supplemented by 1 reconnaissance ship, 4 transports, 7 tugs, 7 tankers, 2 cable ships, 2 hydrographic vessels and 14 boats for various purposes. Total 36 units.
Thus, 16 submarines, 35 ships and combat boats, as well as 36 ships and auxiliary boats are being built or tested. In total - 87 units. This means that the available information on the progress of current programs does not agree with the words of the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy. Admiral V. Korolev spoke about fifty new ships and ships, whereas in fact this figure is almost twice as large. However, even if there are certain problems that can shift the deadlines for delivering individual orders to a later time, by 2020, the navy is guaranteed to receive at least 50 new combat units and auxiliary ships.
It should be noted that a large number of new ships and vessels in 2018-2020 will be obtained due to several main factors. First of all, boats for various purposes make a significant contribution to the total number - they account for almost a quarter of all deliveries. In addition, the development of the surface grouping is carried out at the expense of the 2 and 3 ships of rank, while the first-class ships are built only for submarine forces. All this to a certain extent accelerates fleet re-equipment, and also increases the permissible number of combat units under construction.
Nevertheless, even taking into account such factors, the current program of building new ships and ships for the fleet gives every reason for optimism. The final state armaments program has already led to the most serious renewal of the material part of the armed forces in general and the navy in particular. However, there are still only a few years left to its end, and during this time the industry must have time to fulfill a large number of orders. In the case of the Navy, the fruitful work of many enterprises will lead to the transfer of almost 90 ships, submarines, ships and vessels for various purposes.
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