According to known data, at present the Russian army has several thousand main battle tanks T-80 of all serial modifications. At the same time, the age of even the newest cars of this type reached 20 years. Such equipment is supposed to remain in service for as long as possible, which leads to the need for repairs and upgrades. Last year, it was announced that there was a new project to upgrade the T-80 family of tanks, and by now various details of such a project have become known.
The first mentions of the upcoming modernization of the T-80 tanks appeared a few years ago. Officials and experts in the field of armored vehicles have repeatedly talked about certain ways to improve performance, but until a certain time it all remained at the stage of discussion. Only in 2016, the Ministry of Defense announced its intentions to upgrade such equipment. The most notable work on this topic began last year, and so far have yielded certain results.
For the first time, a project with the designation T-80BVM was mentioned in official materials at the end of last summer. On August 24, within the framework of the Army-2017 military-technical forum, the Ministry of Defense and the Uralvagonzavod research and production corporation signed several contracts for the construction and modernization of armored vehicles. The theme of one of these documents was the overhaul and deep modernization of T-80 tanks. As specified, the new project was named T-80BVM.
Soon became known some information about the progress of the work and the technical side of the project. On September 7, the head of the Defense Ministry’s Main Armored Directorate, Lieutenant General Alexander Shevchenko, spoke to the national press and spoke about the new project. The head of the GABTU indicated that the experience of the hostilities in Syria had demonstrated certain shortcomings of serial models of armored vehicles. For this reason, the Office has accelerated the process of upgrading existing samples and developing new ones.
At that time, according to General Shevchenko, the modernized T-90M tank had already entered state trials. In addition, the specialists were engaged in preparing for future tests of the updated T-80BVM type armored vehicles. How exactly the tank with the letters "BVM" differs from its predecessors, has not yet been clarified.
On September 9, last year, official events dedicated to the Day of the Tankman were held at the 33 General Military Range (Luga, Leningrad Region). As part of these events, the demonstration of the existing and promising technology in a static exposition and on the track took place. First of all, attention was drawn to several newer models of armored vehicles, including the experienced T-80BVM tank. Together with such a tank, an information board was present at the exhibition, revealing some interesting features of the project. In particular, it noted the processing of an armament complex.
In mid-October last year, it was announced who will exploit the new technology. The Izvestia publication, citing an unnamed source in the Ministry of Defense, wrote that in the summer of 2017, the future operators of the T-80BVM were identified. The new type of machine in 2018-m should have been put into service 4-th Guards Tank Kantemirovskaya division. Fighting vehicles with special characteristics of mobility and mobility, as stated, can be a universal tool for the European theater of operations.
According to the domestic press, the supply of T-80BVM tanks will increase the combat capabilities of the Kantemirovskaya division. The 12-th and 13-th Guards tank regiments from the composition of this compound while armed with tanks T-80U, produced from the mid-eighties. In addition, the division has tanks T-80BV - in the fleet of vehicles 423-th guards motorized rifle Yampolsky regiment. All this equipment does not fully meet modern requirements, and therefore needs to be modernized. According to last year's data, the first T-80BVM will be transferred to the 4-th Guards Division already in the 2018-th.
At the beginning of last February, Uralvagonzavod Research and Production Corporation published information on the procurement of various products. Documents that have become available show certain details of last year's contracts with the Ministry of Defense, signed during the Army-2017 exhibition. It is clear from them how many and what products are supposed to be purchased, and it also becomes possible to establish the amount of equipment planned for modernization.
According to these data, in the current year, the Uralvagonzavod research and production complex will repair and upgrade the 31 base tank of the existing ones according to the BVM 2019 project. In 31, a similar upgrade will take place on the 80 combat vehicle. The Omsk Transport Engineering Plant, which is now part of the research and production corporation, will upgrade the technology. Whether the production process of the T-2019BVM tanks will continue after 62, and whether the army will receive equipment over XNUMX units is unknown. If such an order appears, it will only happen in the future.
On March 21, Izvestia announced the technical details of the new project concerning the updated weapons complex. An unnamed source in the military department told the publication about the decision to use the 9K119 “Reflex” guided weapon system in the new project. Thus, the upgraded tanks will retain the possibility of using guided missiles with a relatively long firing range, but the type of such weapons will change, no less than its main characteristics will grow.
It should be noted that such messages did not news in the full sense of the word. The fact is that the “Reflex” complex was mentioned in the context of the T-80BVM project as early as last year. On the information plate, which stood next to an experienced tank at an open demonstration, it was indicated that the project "BVM" involves the use of this particular system. Thus, the other day the domestic press did not disclose any new information, although it confirmed already known facts.
The existence of the T-80BVM project in its current form was announced just a few months ago. Subsequently, by disclosing this or that information, the military department and the media made up a rather detailed picture, which allows us to understand how the tanks in the troops will change. In addition, the deadlines for such works were indicated, and some of the future operators of the upgraded equipment became known.
Modules "Relic" and grilles are mounted on top of the existing enclosure. Photo Decoder / otvaga2004.mybb.ru
According to known data, the T-80BVM project provides for the overhaul and updating of the main production T-80BV tanks created and put into service in the mid-eighties. The proposed measures affecting all major aspects of technology. Due to the new devices, the level of protection and survivability, combat effectiveness, etc. are increased. At the same time, a number of existing units are retained, which makes it possible to get by with minimal modifications to the structure.
The T-80BVM tank should be equipped with a GTD-1250Т gas turbine engine capable of developing power up to 1250 hp. It is expected that the use of the new engine will allow to a certain extent to improve the driving characteristics and mobility of the car in all landscapes. It does not require serious processing of the engine compartment, which could be needed to install a diesel engine. The proposed power plant allows you to reach speeds of up to 70 km / h and have a power reserve of 500 km.
The armored body of the car in the new project does not change, but receives additional protection. The whole frontal projection and a significant part of the hull and turret sides are equipped with the Relict dynamic protection modules. The hull food, which cannot be covered with such products, is additionally protected with lattice screens. Installing a new dynamic protection in a noticeable way changed the appearance of the tank, giving it some similarity with modern versions of the T-72 and T-90 machines. According to some sources, the tank can be equipped with the Arena active defense system, but reliable information on the plans of the Ministry of Defense to install such equipment is not yet available.
The most serious changes have been made to the armament complex. The tank is still equipped with an 125-mm 2A46М1 launcher and NSVT machine guns and PKT, but new weapons are now used to control the weapon. The fire control system “Sosna-U” was used, which included the sights of the commander and gunner with day and night channels, as well as a laser rangefinder. Thus, by means of weapons control, the T-80BVM tank is unified with another modern combat vehicle of the Russian army, the T-72B3.
Initially, the main T-80 tanks of the “BV” line, including the T-80BV, were equipped with the 9-112 “Cobra” guided weapon system with the 9-X112 rocket. The development of this complex, which consisted primarily in the development of new missiles, continued until the end of the eighties. As part of the T-80BVM project, it was decided to replace the outdated Cobra with a more modern system of the same class. In the course of modernization, tanks will receive the 9K119 "Reflex" guided weapon system with 9М119 missiles. At the same time, only a new control system will be mounted on the tanks. Recycling gun launcher or loading mechanism is not required.
Using a new missile system will give the updated tank several advantages. First, the firing range of the main targets will increase. Unlike the outdated “Cobra”, the new “Reflex” is able to hit a tank or another object at a distance of 5 km. Also, the 9М119 rocket is distinguished by enhanced armor penetration characteristics and is capable of penetrating at least 800 mm of homogeneous armor behind dynamic protection. Finally, the Reflex complex controls the rocket with a laser beam. This eliminates the suppression of the control channel with the breakdown of the attack.
According to previously published data, the installation of new mounted protective equipment will not have a noticeable effect on the dimensions of the combat vehicle. The T-80BVM will have a length (over the body) of slightly more than 7 m, a width less than 3,4 m and a height of the order of 2,2 m. with simultaneous improvement in dynamics.
Not so long ago, it became known that, in accordance with last year's contract, the Uralvagonzavod corporation in 2018-19 would have to modernize a little more than six dozen T-80 tanks under the new project. What will happen to several hundreds of other armored vehicles of this family, available in combat units, has not yet been clarified. It is quite possible such a development in which the Ministry of Defense will find the resources to update a certain number of other tanks. However, the modernization of all T-80 combatants is not possible for a number of technical and economic reasons.
In the near future, completely new models of armored combat vehicles will come into service. However, even after this, the army will continue to operate the older equipment of a number of types. In order to preserve the required combat effectiveness and conformity with modern requirements, tanks in service need timely repairs and upgrades. In recent years, the military and industry have created several projects of this kind at once. The troops are already receiving the updated T-72B3 tanks, and soon the supplies of the upgraded T-90M and T-80BBM should begin.
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