Military Review

Headhead debutant

11



4 January 1936 for the first time took to the air Vout SB2U "Vindikaytor" - the world's first high-speed carrier-based diving bomber monoplane scheme. Aircraft of this class appeared in the middle of 1930-x, played a prominent role in the Second World War, especially in the Far East theater of operations, and in just 10 years they are gone due to the advent of controlled weapons.

But the "Vindikaytor", as is often the case with the firstborn, nothing special distinguished. Although the Americans and the French tried to use this machine against enemy warships (the “Vindicateurs” even participated in the famous Battle of Midway), there wasn’t much success for them. Is that one of the French dive bombers managed to drown the Italian submarine. All glory and honors went to the later Donteless and Helldiver, and the Windijker, if it came to something history WWII, it is only relatively large losses.

However, there were few of them built - only 260 units, and the first truly massive American deck dive bomber was Dontless, which appeared in the 1940 year and was replicated in 5936 copies. But on the "Windikutor" many technical solutions were tested and a number of errors appeared that could be avoided in the future. However, for us this was only of theoretical importance, because in the USSR no aircraft of this class were built.


A pair of "Vindikaytorov" from the aircraft carrier "Lexington" is through a thunderstorm.


SB2U at the NACA Test Center.


"Vindikaytor" from the aircraft carrier "Saratoga".


"Vindiktoryora" from the aircraft carrier "Wasp" in flight.


"Vindikaytor", destroyed in Pearl Harbor.


"Vindikaytor" after an unsuccessful attack on the Japanese battleship.


"Vindikaytor" commander of the aircraft group of the aircraft carrier "Yorktown" in the pre-war "anti-camouflage."
Export "Vindikaytor" V-156F-3 of the French Air Force.
"Vindikaytor" in gray camouflage pattern 1941 year with 1000-pound bomb.


The only preserved copy of the museum "Vindikaytor". Cylinders with oxygen and compressed air are visible through the open service hatch.
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  1. bionik
    bionik 21 January 2018 07: 54 New
    +6
    An American deck-based reconnaissance bomber SB2U Vindicator (Vought SB2U Vindicator) from the aircraft carrier Ranger (USS Ranger, CV-4) during anti-submarine patrols over a convoy (WS-12) of ships en route to Cape Town (Capetown).

    From right to left, in the front row: the heavy cruiser Vincennes (USS Vincennes (CA-44), the liner West Point (USS West Point (AP-23), the liner Mount Vernon (USS Mount Vernon (AP-22) and "Wakefield" (USS Wakefield (AP-21). In the middle of the second row is the heavy cruiser Quincy (USS Quincy (CA-39). In the second row are transports "Leonard Wood" (USS Leonard Wood (AP-25) and " Joseph T. Dickman "(USS Joseph T. Dickman (AP-26). Modification SB2U-3
    Wingspan, m 12.80
    Length, m 10.36
    Height, m ​​3.12
    Wing area, m2 28.33
    Weight, kg
    empty 2555 aircraft
    normal takeoff 4272
    Engine Type 1 PD Pratt Whitney R-1535-02
    Power, hp 1 x 825
    Maximum speed, km / h 391
    Cruising speed, km / h 245
    Practical range, km 1803
    Rate of climb, m / min 326
    Practical ceiling, m 7195
    Crew, people 2
    Armament: two 12.7 mm front machine guns and
    two 7.62 mm turret machine guns in the rear cockpit.
    bomb load - 454 kg of bombs
  2. polpot
    polpot 21 January 2018 09: 39 New
    +1
    Thank you for the article
  3. Anyone
    Anyone 21 January 2018 09: 43 New
    +1
    The Japanese had a similar deck aircraft - Aichi D3A.
  4. avt
    avt 21 January 2018 11: 11 New
    12
    request Vyacheslav has been upset lately. Well, actually, what is it all about? And most importantly for whom? It’s just right for the magazine ,, Funny Pictures "to send. negative bionik in the comment gave more information. Well and not ashamed? These are not even Kostya Sivkov's coefficients. request Can the moderators somehow monitor the quality of the posted material?
  5. moskowit
    moskowit 21 January 2018 11: 59 New
    +7
    The article is about nothing .... Semi-delusions of some sort .... One hope for commentators who are much more knowledgeable and competent in matters of aviation history ...
    1. bionik
      bionik 21 January 2018 12: 30 New
      +3
      If you need more information. then here: Sky corner Vought SB2U Vindicator www.airwar.ru/enc/sww2/sb2u.html
      1. moskowit
        moskowit 21 January 2018 12: 33 New
        +3
        I say that one hope for commentators and their sincere interest in expanding the field of knowledge ....
  6. iouris
    iouris 21 January 2018 14: 01 New
    +2
    The article is about nothing. Original. Thank.
  7. AlexanderBrv
    AlexanderBrv 21 January 2018 18: 18 New
    0
    Thank you for the article! More information about the combat use of dive bombers SB2U Vindicator during World War II (as well as US carrier aviation in general) can be found in the Illustrated collection (2017 g.) "Deck Aviation in World War II. Part I" on the site https: / /www.litres.ru/aleksandr-bruhanov/palubnay
    a-aviaciya-vo-vtoroy-mirovoy-voyne-illustrirovann
    yy-sbornik-chast-i /.
  8. Alf
    Alf 22 January 2018 00: 06 New
    +1
    The most valuable in the article is a PICTURE.
  9. Dedall
    Dedall 22 January 2018 22: 48 New
    +1
    Someday, the same unfortunate historians about our aircraft, such as the Su-25, will write: "flight tactical data is bad ... In the fighting, he did not show himself ...", etc. About the MiG-23 they are already writing like that. And those to really feel these planes, as well as these "Windows", there are already units left. So it will be with the Su-25 and others. And this I mean that you need Ukrainian planes in the Crimea, you need to go to museums and distribute to military-patriotic clubs.