Military Review

Automatic hand grenade launcher Baryshev. Rocket launcher without recoil

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Soviet school of engineering weapons It was one of the best in the world, but not all samples could go from the prototype stage to mass production. Often, promising systems could not make their way because of the inertia of the existing military leadership, which was reluctant to perceive promising systems. Some experimental samples have gone a very long way to still see the light, but this happened at another time, and sometimes in other countries. And if the machine AEK-971 has found a rebirth in our day already in Russia, the Baryshev automatic hand-held grenade launcher will be made in the homeland of its designer - in Belarus.


Baryshev’s automatic hand-held grenade launcher, also known as ARGB-85, can be attributed to the lucky ones who managed to go all the way from the experimental model to the production model, although this whole journey took almost more than 30 years. This updated grenade launcher is being prepared for release in Belarus at the enterprise Belspetsvneshtekhnika.

Automatic hand grenade launcher Baryshev. Rocket launcher without recoil

ARGB - Barashev automatic hand grenade launcher. It is designed to destroy fragmentation grenades, both single and group targets at a distance of up to 1000 meters. Anatoly Filippovich Baryshev became interested in developing small arms as early as the 1950s, having since then created a whole line of weapon models. His manual automatic grenade launcher was part of a small arms complex with a new locking assembly created by A. F. Baryshev. The complex included: automatic machines AB-5,45 chambered for caliber 5,45x39 mm and AB-7,62 chambered for caliber 7,62х39 mm; AVB automatic rifle for rifle and machine-gun cartridge 7,62x53 mm; 12,7-mm heavy machine gun KPB and 30-mm automatic hand-held grenade launcher ARGB under a regular shot VOG-17. All weapons of this line united among themselves the sign of the presence of automatic fire. The thing is that the main feature of this line was the original principle of the functioning of the locking device, which was aimed at reducing recoil and improving the accuracy of fire when firing in lines.

The most common small arms are weapons equipped with gas engines (this is a Kalashnikov assault rifle, and the American assault rifle M16). At the same time, everything worked on the recoil energy in the Baryshev system. A semi-free bolt was used in his weapon for work. All samples of its complex of small arms were distinguished by the presence of a very peculiar locking unit, which was created according to a single scheme. The peculiarity was that, along with its main function, it also provided partial absorption of recoil energy when firing, since the bolt details — the bolt carrier, the battle larva, the bolt body and the locking lever were not rigidly interconnected. For this reason, a significant part of the recoil at the moment of the shot went to the sequential setting of these parts in motion, which, in turn, due to the collision of moving elements and stretching their interaction over time significantly (at least 2-3 times) reduced the recoil force. Reducing the recoil force, which at the time of the shot acted on the shooter, allowed not only to increase the accuracy of automatic fire in continuous bursts, but at the same time significantly reduce the mass of weapons - the same 2-3 times.


As noted above, the interaction of moving parts of the weapon, stretched in time, could suppress a significant part of the pulse, significantly increasing the stability of the weapon in the hands of the shooter when firing bursts. The dispersion of the Baryshev (AB) design automaton when firing bursts was immediately 12 times smaller than that of AK-74. Such a result could be described only in one word - fantastic. But for everything in the world you have to pay. In this case, it was necessary to pay the reliability of the system. With intensive firing of weapons, the chamber was contaminated by products of combustion, as well as small particles of varnish from the sleeves. The chamber when firing becomes hot, and the cartridges literally begin to stick to its walls. In such conditions, the Kalashnikov assault rifle continues to work smoothly - the dirt for the vapor mechanism is not a hindrance, but the AB starts to fail. It is for this reason that the Baryshev rifle system, despite participating in a large number of competitions, starting from the 60-s of the last century, in many ways has remained forever an experimental system.

At the same time, there is one type of automatic weapon that does not provide for non-stop shooting - this is a grenade launcher. For example, the standard AGN-17 ammunition consists of three boxes, a total of 87 shots. In this regard, the Baryshev system is already really out of competition. According to testers of his ARGB-85 automatic hand grenade launcher, the recoil from it did not exceed the recoil from conventional grenade launchers, which allowed them to hit targets from the shooter at a distance of half a kilometer with quick fire. At the same time, firing from AGS-17 was possible only from a heavy machine. It is no coincidence that interest in the ARGB-85, which weighed about 15 kg, was shown by the special forces of the GRU and the border guards of the KGB, however the imminent collapse of the Soviet Union stopped the development of a hand-held grenade launcher, freezing its fate for a long time. At the same time, at different times in the Czech Republic and in Ukraine, attempts were made to deploy unlicensed production of ARGB, but Anatoly Baryshev managed to patent his scheme and was able to stop them.

For firing not direct fire at the ARGB, it was possible to install an optical sight with a side level and a goniometer mechanism, a folding butt-opener butt and a detachable bipod. In terms of its weight and size characteristics, Baryshev’s grenade launcher significantly outpaced all known systems of automatic hand-held rocket launchers. With a weight in 15,3 kg, its total length did not exceed 950 mm, and with a folded butt - 700 mm. The capacity of the store was 5 shots, the rate of fire - 350 shots per minute, the initial speed of the grenade - 185 m / s.


Due to the wide range of X-NUMX-mm shots of the ARGB, it was possible to use it as a powerful offensive weapon of fire support of motorized rifle units. The grenade launcher was indispensable as a means of direct infantry fire escort, especially in offensive combat, as well as in combat operations in complicated conditions: in the mountains, in urban areas, in trenches. Reducing the mass of the grenade launcher, among other things, made it possible to reduce the calculation from the 30-2 to one person, sharply increasing its maneuverability.

The ARGB fully revealed the advantages of the semi-free shutter of the Baryshev system, allowing the shooter to conduct a fairly effective automatic fire, even from unstable positions from the turn and standing from the hip. According to the participants in the tests of this manual grenade launcher, standing from the hip could have been a second or third shot into a truck located at a distance of 400 meters. When firing from the ARGB, the recoil at the time of the shot was felt by the shooter no more than when firing from the 40-mm grenade launcher GP-25, which was mounted on automatic rifles. At the same time, when firing from stable positions (lying down with bipods), a substantial part of the recoil of the weapon was effectively extinguished by a shock absorber built into the butt, thus increasing the accuracy of fire. Experts attributed the indisputable advantages of the Baryshev grenade launcher to the refusal of a gas engine (gas piston, gas chamber, gas lines). This significantly reduced the cost and simplified the design of the weapon, allowing you to achieve improved performance.

Baryshev’s automatic hand grenade launcher, which never entered service and did not go into mass production in the USSR, became the main one for the development of a new Belarusian weapon. June 12, 2017 Belarusian news The Internet portal tut.by said that the Belspetsvneshtekhnika enterprise is preparing for serial production of a unique assault grenade launcher, which should go into service with units of the Belarusian special forces.


According to Igor Vasiliev, designer of the Belspetsvneshtekhnika enterprise, the ergonomics of the experimental automatic grenade launcher of the Baryshev design have been significantly improved. In particular, thanks to the use of composite materials and titanium, the mass of weapons was reduced to 8 kg. This allows the soldier to use this hand grenade launcher as a classic small arms (eliminating the need for a special machine).

The new Belarusian version of the ARGB provides for the installation of a thermal sight on it, which will allow the use of a grenade launcher in conditions of obstructed visibility and at night. It is also possible to install an optical sight and a laser designator on a hand-held grenade launcher. According to the Belarusian developers, with the help of modern sighting devices, the shooter can confidently hit targets with the very first shots at a distance of up to 1200 meters.

The grenade launcher, as before, uses 30-mm ammunition from the AGS-17 “Flame” machine-mounted grenade launcher: VOG-17М, VOG-17А, VOG-30 and GPA-30. The main feature of the new Belarusian development is as follows: from a grenade launcher you can still fire in bursts right from the hands. According to Igor Vasilyev, the return of the grenade launcher is now comparable to the impact of shots from a conventional 12 caliber hunting rifle. According to the representative of Belspetsvneshtekhnika, in the serial version the manual automatic grenade launcher will be completed with either a shop designed for 6 shots or a ribbon for 29 shots. Representatives of the Belarusian company say that the prototypes of the updated hand-held grenade launcher have already been tested by fighters of the Belarusian special forces and as a result of testing positive feedback about the new product was received from them.


Information sources:
http://oruzhie.info/granatomety/841-argb
https://tvzvezda.ru/news/opk/content/201706190827-v5t3.htm
https://warspot.ru/9274-belorusskiy-spetsnaz-vooruzhat-shturmovym-granatomyotom
http://zonwar.ru/granatomet/ru4nie/ARGB.html
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  1. avt
    avt 20 December 2017 15: 12
    +7
    I don’t know how anyone, but Baryshev’s weapon impressed me, especially the grenade launcher and rifle under 7,62X54. That’s real instead of AEK with a “cogwheel” you need special equipment. BUT what's going on under the carpet with these samples ... I don’t taste it, fuckers. bully
    1. Mik13
      Mik13 20 December 2017 15: 39
      +9
      Quote: avt
      I don’t know how anyone, but Baryshev’s weapon impressed me, especially the grenade launcher and rifle under the 7,62X54. This is real instead of AEK with a “cogwheel” you would need special equipment.

      "Baryshev’s cunning scheme" in translation into familiar terms means firing from the rear sear. Like on a PC. Or like in PPSh.
      For hand weapons, the scheme is by definition poor. The accuracy of firing a single fire will be below all criticism.

      As for the AGS or large-caliber pelemettes, they just show the fullness of their combat capabilities precisely when fielding from the machine. Firing from the ACS is generally very similar to the work of artillery.

      As for the automatic grenade launcher on the bipod, powered from an open bulk carrier on top, I would not take that. It’s better to carry an ordinary AGS.
      1. avt
        avt 20 December 2017 16: 26
        +2
        Quote: Mik13
        The accuracy of firing a single fire will be below all criticism.

        We type in YouTube - ,, Baryshev’s Weapon "and look, then write.
        Quote: Mik13
        It’s better to carry an ordinary AGS.

        Well, if there is a desire instead of 8kg to drag 18 from AGS-17 - good luck. bully
        Quote: av58
        If Belarusians manage to bring the grenade launcher to mind

        In Podolsk they are trying to fit it under a tape and adapt a standard store.
        1. Mik13
          Mik13 20 December 2017 17: 32
          +7
          Quote: avt
          ]
          Quote: Mik13
          The accuracy of firing a single fire will be below all criticism.
          We type in YouTube - ,, Baryshev’s Weapon "and look, then write.

          So what? Will they tell me that shooting with an open shutter is more accurate than with a closed one? Thank you, but I’ve been learning such things for several years in places where you can’t find YouTube. Somehow I’ll figure it out on my own.

          Quote: avt
          Well, if there is a desire instead of 8kg to drag 18 from AGS-17 - good luck.
          Firstly, not 18, but 30 kg. And this is without boxes of ribbons. Each box is another 14 kg.
          Secondly, the point is not how much it weighs, but how it works. This piece of the name of Baryshev is simply incapable of solving those fire tasks that the ACS solves. To do this, just need a machine.
          1. avt
            avt 20 December 2017 17: 37
            0
            Quote: Mik13
            Firstly, not 18, but 30 kg.

            Secondly, I confused with the AGS-30
            Quote: Mik13
            So what?

            And nothing.
            Quote: Mik13
            Somehow I’ll figure it out on my own.

            request Tailwind.
          2. Berkut24
            Berkut24 20 December 2017 19: 44
            +4
            The Baryshev assault rifle had another drawback. Before shooting, the shutter was always open and there was a risk of dirt getting there, which affected reliability.
          3. karelia-molot
            karelia-molot 21 December 2017 09: 42
            +2
            Correctly! And each fighter instead of AK should have RMB! Well, or the PKK is even better, since the RMB is peeling into the white light like a pretty penny - it’s from the open shutter ... We’ll agree on easel grenades.
            Each pipe has its own melody, that's it ... The AGS, of course, is cool. But carrying him for three days in taverns is not the most pleasant thing.
        2. your1970
          your1970 20 December 2017 17: 57
          +6
          Quote: avt
          In Podolsk they are trying to fit it under a tape and adapt a standard store.

          I’ve read about it for 100 years at lunch, I read about it back in 1995, and if they’re still trying to adapt it, then there’s nothing really breakthrough and high quality in it. my memory serves me right - in the BSSR there were no weapons factories and they started from scratch. If there was just that and only for special forces there, then this weapon does not have the potential for mass production and use ...
          1. vkl.47
            vkl.47 21 December 2017 11: 42
            +5
            Well, in the 6th charger, what's the point. Then um - 94. And as a machine, the AGS can handle it
  2. Strashila
    Strashila 20 December 2017 15: 51
    0
    If in the photo what goes into the series ... it's damp, needs to be improved, but the idea is sound.
    1. 4thParasinok
      4thParasinok 11 January 2018 01: 34
      +1
      Quote: Strashila
      If in the photo what goes into the series ... it's damp, needs to be improved

      The first 2 photos were printed back in the early 90s in the magazine "Soldiers of Fortune", and the article there was more detailed. This is a remake of FAMASA which the French decided to abandon due to low reliability and problems with ammunition. Even use
      In particular, through the use of composite materials and titanium
      will not save the design, but titanium greatly values ​​the final product. The design of the grenade silo from above in a vertical shaft was abandoned 50 years ago.
  3. av58
    av58 20 December 2017 15: 55
    +1
    They wrote about the Barshev complex back in Soviet times (I don’t remember in TM, or something like that), but somehow everything calmed down. If the Belarusians manage to bring the grenade launcher to mind, and put it in series, then the Russian army could become interested.
    1. Lexus
      Lexus 20 December 2017 15: 59
      +3
      I read it too. True, they later wrote that he sold the rights and design documentation to the Czechs. And they safely threw it.
  4. tolancop
    tolancop 20 December 2017 18: 06
    +7
    Fucking little article.
    "... Often, promising systems could not make their way because of the inertia of the existing military leadership, which reluctantly perceived promising systems ..."
    Retrograde in a word, strangling promising weapons and suppressing the flight of design thought ..
    Read on ...
    "... The chamber is heated when firing, and the cartridges literally“ stick ”to its walls. In such conditions, the Kalashnikov assault rifle continues to work without interruption - the dirt for the vent mechanism is not an obstacle, but AB starts to malfunction. For this reason Baryshev’s rifle system, despite participating in a large number of competitions starting from the 60s of the last century, has remained in many ways forever an experimental system. "In this case, I had to pay with the reliability of the system. During intensive firing from a gun, the chamber was polluted by combustion products, as well as small particles of varnish from the shells. ...
    Oppa .... A retrograde is quite reasonable people !!!

    ".... Reducing the recoil force, which acted on the shooter at the time of the shot, allowed not only to increase the accuracy of automatic fire in continuous bursts, but also at the same time significantly reduce the mass of weapons - the same 2-3 times ..."
    I read Malimon, who described how, when working out AK and AKM, the struggle with weight went on grams, but it turned out to be so simple ... reduce the return and ... AKM will weigh only a kilogram and a half ....
    If you believe the author, then the designers in their samples somewhere hide the ballast, which reduces the force of recoil.
  5. Old military officer
    Old military officer 20 December 2017 18: 33
    +2
    Well done Belarusians that do not click with their beaks and do not let a good instrument die. Bravo!
    1. 4thParasinok
      4thParasinok 11 January 2018 01: 40
      0
      Quote: Old Warruk
      Well done Belarusians that do not click with their beaks and do not let a good instrument die. Bravo!


      In particular, through the use of composite materials and titanium
      the use of titanium in a controversial design is called drunk boble. Well done Belarusians, sawing loot well, now it’s clear how they learned to grow pineapple and catch shrimp.
  6. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 20 December 2017 21: 57
    +2
    Baryshev's scheme for the normal operation of small-precision weapons is not very suitable. Shooting from the rear whispers and an open shutter before firing will not add accuracy when shooting single. But under a 40 mm ammunition with a "flying" sleeve it would be interesting laughing
  7. Navy7981
    Navy7981 20 December 2017 23: 17
    +1
    The simpler the weapon, the greater the chance of surviving. I categorically would not want my weapon to require maintenance on a tense moment on the grounds that it is 12 times higher than something there. And the special forces are likely to choose the same weapon, the failure of which, during operation, is vanishingly small.
  8. sd68
    sd68 21 December 2017 00: 51
    +2
    the muzzle energy of the VOG-17 shot is 4800 J. The weight of the grenade launcher is 8 kg.
    muzzle energy of a bullet 7,62 × 25 mm TT is 480 J. Weight PPSh-41 5,3 kg.
    both shoot from the rear whisper.
    and what kind of accuracy will this grenade launcher have?
    even without taking into account the fact that their initial speeds differ by more than 2 times.
    doubtfully somehow ....
    1. John22
      John22 21 December 2017 17: 10
      +2
      You want to say that PPSh has a poor accuracy? At one time, the accuracy of the PPSh shooting was a model for the AK-47, to which he never reached.
      1. sd68
        sd68 25 December 2017 17: 19
        +2
        shot energy differs 10 times, and the weight is only 1,5 times.
  9. SPLV
    SPLV 21 December 2017 09: 34
    +2
    The idea is interesting, but where is the development of 40-mm grenade launchers, more powerful than 30-mm? The same Telesh had two developed models, but they are not in the army, although ammunition with an integrated sleeve is more promising.
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. Manukovsky
    Manukovsky 21 December 2017 18: 04
    0
    An interesting device. Especially for RDG, landing, border guards and mountain shooters
    1. Blackgrifon
      Blackgrifon 22 December 2017 21: 36
      +1
      It’s just that there is already a GM-94, which is already in the troops and in service with the Russian Guard.
  12. Sedoy
    Sedoy 22 December 2017 14: 54
    +1
    * Grenade launcher without recoil
    -----------
    There’s still some kind of feedback on the video ... :)