Military Review

Stories about weapons. Rifles of the First World War. Russian "Winchester"

21
The Winchester Model 1895 rifle is a lever platoon rifle designed and manufactured by Winchester in the 1895 year. Unlike previous models, the rifle was designed to use smokeless powder cartridges.


The rifle was developed by John Browning for Winchester Repeating Arms Co in 1895. It was made in different calibers, but exactly the kind we are talking about was produced under the Russian cartridge 7,62x54R, because it was delivered to Russia, where it was used in the First World War and in the Civil War.



For the needs of the Russian army, about 300 thousands of 426 rifles were manufactured.

The 1895 was the first Winchester rifle with a box-type central location, and not with a tubular barrel-mounted magazine that was used in other models.

The new store allowed the safe use of powerful central-ignition cartridges with pointed bullets. In a tubular store, this could lead to the impalement of the capsule by the bullet of the next cartridge, therefore the Winchesters were traditionally developed for ring ignition cartridges and central ignition cartridges with a stupid-headed bullet.

Russian winchesters were slightly modified compared to other brothers.

The main change affected rework weapons under the Russian cartridge 7,62 × 54 mm, which required a change in the shape of the store.

The second change was the special guides on the receiver, which made it possible to quickly equip the magazine with standard cartridges from a Mosin rifle.



In addition, rifles made for Russia had an elongated barrel with a mount for the bayonet. New trunk length required to lengthen and the forearm.





Winchesters МХNUMX basically arrived on armament of parts of the Russian army located in Finland and Baltic. A large number of rifles hit the Latvian arrows.

Initially, the soldiers liked the rifles very much, even though because of Henry's brace, it was inconvenient to reload them when it was fixed to the ground, for example, lying or in a trench.



However, with the onset of cold weather, it turned out that already in the cold M1895 stopped working normally - the mechanism was freezing. Therefore, in the 1916 year, they began to be removed from service and replaced by Arisaki.

Compared to the Mosin rifles of the Winchester rifle, the M1895 was distinguished by a somewhat higher rate of fire due to the use of reloading with a Henry tilting cradle instead of a longitudinally sliding rotary bolt. On the other hand, the M1895 rifles were more sensitive to contamination, and reloading with Henry's brace from a prone position was rather inconvenient.



About the device of the rifle will tell Andrei Bondar from the club near Moscow historical reconstruction "Infantheria".

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  1. Serge72
    Serge72 8 December 2017 06: 20 New
    16
    Interesting details
    In the second photo below - as I understand it, there are Latvian arrows
    1. svp67
      svp67 8 December 2017 10: 35 New
      +6
      Quote: Serge72
      In the second photo below - as I understand it, there are Latvian arrows


      Did you recognize them by their faces?

      But the participants of the Civil War in Finland and somehow managed to fight despite the frost ...



      1. Serge72
        Serge72 8 December 2017 12: 18 New
        19
        Not only by faces)
        In your photo, the 2nd from the top is not a reflection of a chemical attack near Baranavichy?
        1. svp67
          svp67 8 December 2017 12: 23 New
          +6
          Quote: Serge72
          In your photo, the 2nd from the top is not a reflection of a chemical attack near Baranavichy?

          It's nice to see a man who knows our history well hi
          1. Serge72
            Serge72 8 December 2017 19: 48 New
            17
            Thank you hi
            Mutually
  2. alex-cn
    alex-cn 8 December 2017 06: 54 New
    +1
    It quickly became clear that the shutter of the hard drive is rather weak for a powerful Russian rifle cartridge.
    1. prodi
      prodi 8 December 2017 09: 07 New
      +2
      Henry's bracket transformed into a pump
      1. Shtroffrus
        Shtroffrus 11 December 2017 00: 18 New
        +1
        rifled pump action guns are enough for American manufacturers.
  3. soldier
    soldier 8 December 2017 09: 18 New
    17
    Winchester - a beautiful gun
    I did not read the material on the topic before (and did not see it)
    ATP
    1. svp67
      svp67 8 December 2017 10: 34 New
      +2
      Quote: soldier
      I did not read the material on the topic before (and did not see it)

      So, the article is by and large a reprint, abridged. In the full article, I liked this ...
      Winchesters of the Russian sample were produced until 1936, and the last batch was sent to the USSR under Lend-Lease in 1942. However, they did not get to the front.
      I wonder where did they go? To the procurers? But what about the severe frosts?
      https://vk.com/wall-31394727_67445
      https://pikabu.ru/story/russkiy_winchester_m1895_
      4447374
      If this topic is interesting, then read it ....
      http://guns.allzip.org/topic/36/2080819.html
      1. soldier
        soldier 8 December 2017 12: 22 New
        17
        Weapon theme is interesting
        There are several trunks, so the question is not only theoretical. I read with pleasure.
        Thank you for the info. hi
      2. Monarchist
        Monarchist 8 December 2017 17: 45 New
        +2
        Comrad svp, thanks for the video: I enjoyed watching these issues, but unfortunately I didn’t see everything and they stopped.
        1. svp67
          svp67 8 December 2017 19: 05 New
          +1
          Quote: Monarchist
          Thank you for the video

          Yes it would be for what. I didn’t. But I think people are pleased that their work is appreciated.
          1. Walking
            Walking 9 December 2017 14: 58 New
            0
            I bought such a rifle in the 90s during the liquidation of the mobile reserve warehouses that crossed the Kazakhstan army. I almost didn’t go hunting with her, sometimes just shooting at the shooting range.
  4. Curious
    Curious 8 December 2017 11: 19 New
    +8
    Very difficult for the "trench conditions" system.
    1. Curious
      Curious 8 December 2017 11: 23 New
      +7
      For comparison, the Mosin rifle arr. 1891

      Removing the bolt from the Mosin rifle requires only a couple of simple movements, without any manipulation of the screwdriver, hammer and pound. To perform the same tasks with the M1895, tools are needed, because you need to unscrew the plug of the check and use a fine pound to knock out the shutter pin.
      To separate all the iron from the box, on the three-ruler you need to unscrew 2 screws. On Winchester, unscrew 6 screws and knock out several axles, moreover, very carefully.
  5. Monarchist
    Monarchist 8 December 2017 17: 40 New
    +1
    Quote: svp67
    Quote: Serge72
    In your photo, the 2nd from the top is not a reflection of a chemical attack near Baranavichy?

    It's nice to see a man who knows our history well hi

    I support: there are many things that are trending: I am the best historian, but in fact, he knows neither ear nor fish.
  6. Monarchist
    Monarchist 8 December 2017 18: 47 New
    0
    Thanks for the details about the "Russian Winchester", I did not know much.
    Comrades, who knows: the lower ranks of the RIA wore revolvers? In my opinion, the revolver was put to warrant officers and above, but Zhuk read that there was a so-called "soldier" revolver (without self-cocking), for warrant officers the "soldier" revolver was supposed to be. I remember the saying: "the chicken is not a bird, the ensign is not an officer"
    Somewhere infa flashed that the insignia in the Red Army-SA repeated the insignia of the RIA.
    1. Grid
      Grid 9 December 2017 07: 54 New
      0
      Comrades, who knows: the lower ranks of the RIA wore revolvers?

      Naturally. Not only were they worn, but sometimes they were also actively used.
      For the warrant officers, a "soldier" revolver was supposed.

      In RKMP, the ensign was a "noble".
    2. Michael_Zverev
      Michael_Zverev 9 December 2017 23: 32 New
      0
      Of course they did. Non-commissioned officers, sergeant-petty officers, that is, with current money, machine gunners and soldiers of technical troops (signalmen, telegraphists, sappers), who were given both rifles and revolvers.
  7. Grid
    Grid 9 December 2017 07: 51 New
    0
    Compared to Mosin rifles, the Winchester rifle M1895 was characterized by a slightly higher rate of fire due to the use of reloading with Henry's swinging bracket instead of a longitudinally sliding rotary shutter.

    You will still laugh, but almost all rifles manufactured under the Winchester brand have a sliding bolt. And the M1895 is no exception.