Military Review

New Italian submachine gun Beretta PMX

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In the past few years, the novelties among manual firearms weaponswhich can be called really interesting, a little. However, among them you can find something that is truly worthy of attention. 23 November at the Milipol exhibition in Paris, the Italian company Beretta Defense Technologies demonstrated a new submachine gun, which should be a further development and, possibly, a replacement for the well-known Beretta M12 submachine gun and its derivative. The new weapon received the designation PMX and is already being tested by a small party by the Italian police.


History rebirth of M12 to PMX

Representatives of the company Beretta say that the new submachine gun is a further development of one of the most famous PP - Beretta Model 12, which with some modifications is in service with the army and police of Italy since 1961. However, if you look more closely, it becomes clear that the designers did not modernize, but actually created a new weapon. Let's try to build all the common versions of this submachine gun in one row to find out what remains in the new weapon from the old one.

New Italian submachine gun Beretta PMX
Designation Model 12 in itself implies that there were previous samples and they really were. In the 1956 year, then not so well-known designer Domenico Salza took the post of chief designer of the Italian arms company Beretta, replacing, retired, outstanding gunsmith Tulio Marengoni. Even before his appointment, Domenico Salza worked on his own project of a submachine gun, which would be not only reliable but also cheap to manufacture.

By the time he received the position of chief designer, Saltsa had some groundwork for the 6 version of his weapon, which was still far from ideal. Realizing that the development is progressing slowly and being bound by the contract, the new chief designer demonstrated to the management the fruits of his work.

The new submachine gun, or rather its design, was considered promising and the work began to boil. In order to get the desired result, it took the designers more 3 years, but their work was justified immediately after completion.

In 1959, the Italian Army was in dire need of a light and rapid-fire submachine gun at a reasonable cost. That’s what the new submachine gun of Beretta was. After the elimination of certain features of the weapon design, to bring it under the rather stringent requirements of the army, the submachine gun was put into service in the 1961 year.

Submachine gun Beretta Model 12

Considering the M12 submachine gun, it is impossible not to notice that Domenico Salza and the Italian designers very successfully adopted the experience of their foreign colleagues, which was abundant during the Second World War. However, in the submachine gun there were also new solutions, which, together with more advanced production, gave a positive result.

The main feature of the new submachine gun was the fact that the bolt group rolls on the breech when firing. This made it possible to install a barrel of sufficient length on the weapon, without increasing the dimensions of the submachine gun itself. This also had a positive effect on the bolt group, since its mass ensured high reliability in adverse conditions and optimal firing rate in 600 rounds per minute, again without increasing the size of the weapon itself.

Many will immediately recall that a similar solution was applied to the Israeli Uzi submachine gun, but we remember the work of the Czechoslovak designers, namely their Sa vz submachine gun. 23.

The basis of the new submachine gun became automatic with a free gate. To ensure the durability of the design and stability of the weapon, the fire was fired from the open bolt. Given the relatively large mass of the bolt group, this had a negative effect both on the accuracy with single shots and when shooting in automatic mode.

The negative aspects were partially smoothed out by the fact that the designers did not follow the path of least resistance and introduced a full-fledged firing mechanism into the design. Nakol primer occurs a little earlier than the bolt reaches its front position, resting on the breech.

However, the weapon still didn’t show the most satisfactory accuracy results when firing by the “line”, which it lost to its foreign classmates. Even the weight in 3 kilogram did not solve this problem completely. The obvious solution to this problem was the processing of the entire design of the submachine gun, but there was a simpler, and as time showed, a good solution. Considering that the shooter will use both hands to hold the aimed automatic fire from a submachine gun, the designers added an additional handle on the very edge of the receiver. Its good location made it possible to completely control the weapon during shooting, leaving the bolt handle in place. The solution is certainly not the most technologically advanced, but cheap and with an acceptable result.

If we talk about the characteristics of the new submachine gun, then it is quite a heavy weapon by modern standards. His weight is 3 kilogram with a folding metal butt and 3,4 kilogram with a fixed wooden. For the folding butt version, the length is 645 millimeters and 418 millimeters. Folded butt does not interfere with the use of weapons. Submachine gun Beretta M12 with a fixed wooden butt has a length of 660 millimeters. In both cases, the barrel length is 200 millimeters. It feeds weapons from detachable magazines with a capacity of 20, 32 and 40 9x19 cartridges.

Submachine gun Beretta M12s

In 1978, the Italian submachine gun was upgraded. Usually, the main feature of the new version of weapons is the changes in the firing mechanism, in which the safety platoon appeared, and a little later the firing mode with a cut-off of three rounds. However, the main change was that the weapon was able to use additional devices. In particular, a silent-firing device appeared, a fairly perfect design, the possibility of installing a halogen flashlight, which was combined with an additional handle to hold, and a little later, LCC. The changes also affected aiming devices that became dioptric, which is rather a minus for such weapons.

The modern version of the submachine gun has the designation M12-S2 in fact, except for cosmetic changes, everything in it has remained the same since 1978. The materials, the coating of parts, the individual controls and the receiver were changed, but the design remained the same.

At the moment, the Beretta M12 pistol is not only in service with the army and law enforcement agencies of Italy, it can be found in more than twenty countries of the world. In Brazil, Taurus is producing a licensed copy of this weapon, and this submachine gun is also made in Indonesia and Sudan. But the most interesting is that the production of this PP is established by FN in Belgium.

A certain popularity of this machine pistol brought and its distribution among the militants of the “Red Brigades”, in particular, with the use of these weapons the abduction of Aldo Moro was committed.

After a brief acquaintance with the machine gun M12, you can proceed to a detailed examination of the new weapon, and you need to start with ergonomics.

Ergonomics Beretta PMX Submachine Gun

The appearance of the new Beretta submachine gun makes it clear that it has little in common with previous models of Italian PP. First of all, attention is attracted by the cocking handle, which is now moved back and is located above the magazine, which indicates changes in the design of the automatic weapon. This is hinted at and shortened the course of this handle, and hence the reduced stroke of the shutter, but touch on the automation just below.

On the left and right sides of the weapon, very large fuse switches are located above the pistol grip, they are also translators of fire modes. It should be noted that not many manufacturers make this element of a large size, although this is only a plus, especially when the weapon is smeared with dirt or when the shooter is wearing gloves.

It should also be noted that the safety bracket is large enough, for which, back, those who will use weapons at negative air temperatures will say.

The new submachine gun has a folding stock, and it does not interfere with the use of weapons in the folded position. The only negative point may be that cocking is difficult, but access to the cocking handle remains. The ability to adjust the butt length of the weapon is not.

From open sighting devices rigidly mounted on the arms of the designers refused. You can install a removable rear sight and front sight of any convenient design. Standard rear sight and front sight are folded and in the folded position do not prevent the use of collimator or optical sights of low multiplicity.

In the front of the receiver, under the barrel there is a guide on which an additional handle can be mounted for holding, a small-sized flashlight or a laser designator. Since the cocking handle was shifted back, the urgent need for an additional handle to hold was no longer necessary, and the submachine gun can now be held in a way that is familiar to most people. It is worth noting that the length of the seat under the barrel is enough to simultaneously install additional devices with the handle to hold.

Interest is a rather long receiver of the store, which for some reason was made without expansion, which could facilitate the change of the store in a stressful situation. No less interesting is the weapons shop itself, which was presented completely plastic and transparent. How such a store will be resistant to external influences and whether this is the only option is not yet known. Although it is a rather strange decision to make the store completely transparent, to control the amount of ammunition, and at the same time close it almost half the opaque receiver of the store.

The barrel of the weapon has a thread at its cut for the installation of silent firing devices. Without PBS thread is closed sleeve. Many famous weapon brands are now trying to push through the idea of ​​quick-detachable “silencers” that are not related to the barrel of a weapon. The idea is good, but not yet proven, apparently because the designers of Beretta have decided so far not to make a novelty the only possible option for installing PBS on a submachine gun.

The design of the submachine gun Beretta PMX

The most important difference between the Beretta PMX submachine gun and its predecessors lies in the fact that now the fire is fired from a closed bolt, which means that the weapon has been completely reworked and it has very little in common with the M12. It is possible that the drawing of parallels between a fairly well-known model and a new one is needed only for a warmer reception of a PMX submachine gun, but the facts suggest that this is another submachine gun.

However, great does not mean bad. The new weapon automation system makes it more stable during automatic fire control, and modern methods for processing parts can significantly increase the service life of the submachine gun and those of its nodes that are subjected to maximum loads.

Returning to the similarities of the M12 and PMX, it should be noted that some sources indicate the relationship of the new submachine gun with the P26 Swiss carbine of the B + T company. This weapon is intended for the civilian market, as well as for those who are not allowed to have a weapon with the possibility of automatic fire. Both specimens have a very large external similarity, so it is likely that it was the Р26 that served as the basis for the new Italian submachine gun.

Characteristics of a PMX submachine gun

The mass of the new weapon, despite the use of plastic and light alloys, is 2,4 kilogram. It feeds a new submachine gun from stores with a capacity of 30 xNNXX ammunition 9. On the possibility of issuing weapons options for other common ammunition is still unknown. In comparison with the M19, the barrel of the submachine gun became shorter - 12 millimeters. At the same time, the total length remained approximately the same - 170 and 640 millimeters with the butt folded and folded.

Pros and cons of the Beretta PMX submachine gun

Talking about the positive and negative sides of a new weapon is quite difficult, since in order to evaluate it you need to compare it with something. Compare with the new M12 submachine gun is not worth it for obvious reasons.

The obvious positive qualities of the new weapon are guaranteed to be ergonomics and the possibility of using additional devices. Some doubts arise about the angle of the pistol grip in combination with a relatively short butt, but as practice shows, this is rather a matter of habit.

A strange decision was to close the transparent store with an opaque store receiver; the meaning of such a cunning move remains unclear.

Conclusion

In general, the weapon makes a pleasant impression, but it is unlikely to surpass similar models from other manufacturers in performance. Already, a small amount of these submachine guns was sent to Italian law enforcement agencies. If the transition to a new weapon deemed appropriate, the company Beretta can expect a large order. Since now in operation is about 50 thousands of units of submachine guns M12 in various versions.
Author:
Photos used:
modernfirearms.net, thefirearmblog.com
29 comments
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  1. burigaz2010
    burigaz2010 4 December 2017 15: 10 New
    +3
    As usual, plastic, rails were added, the design was slightly upgraded, and voila is a new machine !!
    1. Mik13
      Mik13 4 December 2017 15: 32 New
      10
      Quote: burigaz2010
      As usual, plastic, rails were added, the design was slightly upgraded, and voila is a new machine !!

      As usual, some users are in such a hurry to share their overvalued opinion that they don’t even try to read the article.
      Russian in white is written: the new software has a different automation scheme.
      1. burigaz2010
        burigaz2010 4 December 2017 15: 37 New
        +3
        Quote: Mik13
        Quote: burigaz2010
        As usual, plastic, rails were added, the design was slightly upgraded, and voila is a new machine !!

        As usual, some users are in such a hurry to share their overvalued opinion that they don’t even try to read the article.
        Russian in white is written: the new software has a different automation scheme.

        I read the dear article, I'm talking about the promise of the article! Well, where is he new?
      2. aws4
        aws4 4 December 2017 17: 09 New
        +3
        in fact, yes, he shoots with a closed shutter and this is not a little important, but in fact (my opinion does not pretend to be true) I do not see significant advantages .. by the way, what about the price or did I miss something ???.
        1. AlexMark
          4 December 2017 18: 11 New
          +5
          Well, in fact, you are completely right, there are absolutely no advantages in comparison with analogues. smile I understand this development rather for internal use and for those countries that exploit the M12. Replaced with more advanced weapons of their own design, and this is always a plus.
          As for the cost, nothing concrete can be said, since these weapons are not for the civilian market, so the cost will depend on who and where this business will be sold. And there is another nuance. The cost of such a weapon, when it is supplied to the army or the police, usually consists not only of the value of the weapon itself. It also includes care products, spare parts, and sometimes even repairs and maintenance. It is precisely because when the price for the army is published in people comes a light stupor from those prices.
          1. Jedi
            Jedi 5 December 2017 10: 50 New
            +3
            Mark hi Do you think the Beretta PMX can be considered a competitor to the Italian Specter M4?
            1. AlexMark
              5 December 2017 17: 30 New
              +3
              If you look at accuracy, then the PMX will have a definite advantage, if in reliability under adverse conditions and with intensive shooting, then Specter will be out of competition.
              1. bouncyhunter
                bouncyhunter 5 December 2017 20: 59 New
                +2
                hi
                Quote: AlexMark
                if for reliability in adverse conditions and with intensive shooting, then the Specter will be out of competition.

                I will add: and according to the speed of opening fire, the Spectrum will “make” Beretta.
  2. verner1967
    verner1967 4 December 2017 20: 24 New
    +2
    Beretta Model 12 is a beautiful machine, probably the best PP in the world!
  3. groks
    groks 4 December 2017 20: 58 New
    +3
    In the last photo, the pen on the left and another window shape. For weapons with a butt, this is reasonable. But in the previous photos and in the text, it seems about the pen on the left, which is more common for PP. However, with any method and location, a long shaft ... if only to use it as an emphasis for the left hand.
    In general, handle very carefully, do not drop dirt, do not hit the banditans with a store. When reloading, at least minimal juggler skills are required.
    UMP is lighter, the trunk is longer, the shaft is not crazy. I. Usually, Italian weapons are distinguished by a certain elegance. But not in the case of PP.
    1. AlexMark
      4 December 2017 22: 54 New
      +3
      The handle itself is simply unscrewed and rearranged to the side convenient for the shooter. Ejection of spent cartridges only to the right side.
    2. verner1967
      verner1967 6 December 2017 20: 52 New
      0
      Quote: groks
      In general, handle very carefully, do not drop dirt, do not hit the banditans with a store. When reloading, at least minimal juggler skills are required.

      You really look at this PP just like an army assault rifle. What dirt during a police operation in the city, and even more so in hand-to-hand combat with PP to go. A large mine, by the way, holds the magazine better (PPSh and MP-40 were generally not recommended to hold the magazine when firing in order to avoid misalignment of the cartridge when feeding). As for the difficulties with reloading the store, it’s not difficult to drive the clip into the handle of the gun laughing
      1. groks
        groks 6 December 2017 21: 19 New
        0
        Neither in the PCA, nor in the MP, there is nothing more to keep. Generally, absolutely. There is no lever in the gun from the holding point to the loading point. Just the police now, and always, have to go hand to hand more often than the army team. AK is generally without a mine, however, the store holds well and can always be charged to the enemy.
        1. verner1967
          verner1967 7 December 2017 21: 39 New
          0
          Quote: groks
          Neither in the PCA, nor in the MP, there is nothing more to keep. Generally, absolutely.
          1. groks
            groks 8 December 2017 08: 14 New
            0
            The first recommended grip. For the rest, forced, anyhow. The fact is that you can hold onto the mine there, and even there would be no load on the store. But the trunk, the infection, is hot.
            1. verner1967
              verner1967 8 December 2017 15: 24 New
              0
              Quote: groks
              The first recommended grip.

              Here, a keyword that I did not write, recommended. And in other cases, they keep as taught. This is a movie from the hip, clinging to a store pounding
              1. groks
                groks 8 December 2017 15: 28 New
                0
                So why not from the hip, if the trunk has not yet warmed up?
                1. verner1967
                  verner1967 8 December 2017 20: 25 New
                  0
                  Quote: groks
                  So why not from the hip?
                  in white light like a penny?
        2. verner1967
          verner1967 7 December 2017 21: 55 New
          0
          Quote: groks
          There is no lever in the gun from the holding point to the loading point.

          in Beretta this lever is minimal.
          Quote: groks
          It’s just the police now, and always, have to go hand to hand more often,

          when it comes to the police it’s about weapons, and especially about PP, then it’s not about melee. To paraphrase the words of one scout, in order to converge hand-to-hand, you first need to lose the PP, then the gun and still meet the same to ... bah.
          Quote: groks
          AK generally without a mine, however, the store is holding perfectly

          well, he has a wider store
          Quote: groks
          they can always be charged by the enemy.

          why are you shooting so badly that everything pulls you into melee? laughing It’s ridiculous to go hand-to-hand with small-sized weapons, it’s easier to raise the armature on the road.
          1. groks
            groks 8 December 2017 08: 53 New
            0
            in Beretta this lever is minimal.
            Why? And the point is - you can not lose control of the situation by driving a magazine into a gun. With leverage, it’s not a fact that this will happen.
            when it comes to the police weapon
            The police have weapons, but not always they can / must be used. Therefore, it is often used as brass knuckles / club. Probably this happens more often than shooting.
            well, he has a wider store
            And?
            1. verner1967
              verner1967 8 December 2017 15: 33 New
              0
              Quote: groks
              With leverage, it’s not a fact that this will happen.

              Do not complicate, it’s easier to drive a store into a mine without looking than to attach it to an AK
              Quote: groks
              The police have weapons, but not always they can / must be used.

              When you can’t use it, you can’t get it, the law is this, for this there is a club
              Quote: groks
              Probably this happens more often than shooting.

              Exactly that
              Quote: groks
              Probably

              ))), I would say the number of such cases tends to zero. And judging by your logic, all the policemen need to arm the AK-74 with the butt, let them go suffer, maybe someone will have to crack on the head)))
              1. groks
                groks 8 December 2017 18: 30 New
                0
                The point is not that it is easier, but that it is a PP, which is usually kept right when reloading, the weapon is hanging, the lever is large. Therefore, often PP for reloading is either placed on the chest or on the shoulder. At AK, you can search as much as you like with the right one, where to drive the store, but you can’t even tear yourself away from the sight.
                Absolutely normal situation for the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Since it’s not in the war, you will get tired of unsubscribing later. However, in the army, an assault rifle continues to take place as a shock.
                1. verner1967
                  verner1967 8 December 2017 20: 23 New
                  0
                  Quote: groks
                  Therefore, often PP for reloading is either placed on the chest or on the shoulder.
                  belay
                  Quote: groks
                  At AK, you can search as much as you like with the right one, where to drive the store, but at the same time not even take your eyes off.

                  and frighten the enemy at this time "bang-bang!" maybe scared laughing
                  Quote: groks
                  However, in the army, an assault rifle continues to take place as a shock.

                  Quote: groks
                  in the army

                  Quote: verner1967
                  When it cannot be used, it can not get

                  Quote: groks
                  Since it’s not in the war, you will get tired of unsubscribing later.
  4. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 4 December 2017 21: 45 New
    +4
    Heavy... recourse On a simple Glock sell bells and whistles: butt, collimator, ext. the handle.
    It turns out a miracle weapon, and light.
    1. AlexMark
      4 December 2017 22: 58 New
      +4
      As already mentioned above, PP was made, most likely, for its own needs and for those who want to replace the M12 with PMX, and their own, whatever one may say, is better than foreign. request
    2. marlin1203
      marlin1203 5 December 2017 04: 12 New
      +2
      And do you need to throw the barrel after cleaving the shots?
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 5 December 2017 10: 38 New
        +2
        A submachine gun is not an infantry weapon. They are 1) for certain operations
        special forces, police - melee. Sudden melee.
        After a successful stormy operation, you can replace the barrel.
        And - 2) as a second (reserve) weapon. And here weight plays an important role.
        One heavy piece of iron can still be pulled. But two? - fire me.
  5. Curious
    Curious 4 December 2017 21: 56 New
    +3
    "The most important difference between the Beretta PMX submachine gun and its predecessors is that now the fire is fired from a closed bolt, which means the weapon is completely redesigned and has very little in common with the M12."
    And they can’t have much in common because they are connected only by the name of the developer’s company.
    Beretta Model 12 to the Beretta PMX has nothing to do.
    Beretta Model 12 - developed by Beretta from the fifties.
    The Beretta PMX submachine gun was developed in 2017 on the basis of the Swiss self-loading carbine Brügger & Thomet AG P26.

    The B&T P26 self-loading carbine was developed by the Swiss company Brügger & Thomet AG and was first introduced in early 2015. This carbine was developed “from scratch” especially for the civilian market, as well as for use in police units and security services, which for some reason are not allowed to use fully automatic weapons (submachine guns). The carbine was purposefully designed as a cheaper alternative to 9 mm carbines APC-9 of the same manufacturer.
    1. AlexMark
      4 December 2017 22: 51 New
      +4
      This is also indicated in the article) But in the advertisement of this weapon emphasize the connection with the M12. Apparently they want to enlist the popularity of the M12 for a quicker start, and this actually outraged a little.