Military Review

Construction news of the IRC project 22800 "Karakurt"

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Current Naval Development Plans fleet include the construction of a large number of small missile ships of several projects. Over time, one of the main representatives of this class will be the ships of the 22800 Karakurt project. Currently, several similar ships are under construction, one of which has already been launched. According to the Ministry of Defense, in the very near future it will be followed by a second.


On November 5, the Information and Mass Communications Department of the Russian Ministry of Defense published new information on current work in the field of military shipbuilding and plans for the near future. It is reported that in November of this year, the Typhoon small rocket ship will be launched. This ship is the first serial built on the project 22800. As the military reminds, the lead ship of the Karakurt project, named “Uragan”, is already at the berth of the shipbuilding enterprise and is being completed afloat.


Launch of the head ship "Hurricane", 29 July 2017


The construction of the head and first serial "Karakurts" is being carried out at the Pella plant in St. Petersburg. In the recent past, this enterprise received a large order for seven small rocket ships. More than half of this order will be executed at production facilities in Otradnoe. The Pella site in the Crimea was also involved in the work.

The deadlines for the delivery of the first two ships of the 22800 project in the new report of the Ministry of Defense were not specified. However, it was previously claimed that the "Hurricane" and "Typhoon" will enter service until the end of 2018. They are supposed to be transferred to the Baltic Fleet. Earlier it was stated that next year the navy could receive up to four "Karakurts" built at different enterprises. In the future, construction will continue for a long time, until the full implementation of existing plans.

Recall, the project of a small rocket ship 22800 with the cipher "Karakurt" was created by the specialists of the Central Maritime Design Bureau "Almaz" (St. Petersburg). The military-scientific support of design work was carried out by the Military Training and Scientific Center of the Russian Navy. The first open demonstration of materials on the 22800 project took place two years ago in the framework of the international military-technical forum "Army-2015". In the same period, the first contracts were signed for the construction of part of the ships required for the fleet.

The construction of the head MRK “Uragan”, which had already been launched, and the first serial ship “Typhoon”, which is only to be sent to the extension wall, started at the very end of the year before last. 24 December 2015 of the year at the Leningrad shipbuilding plant "Pella" held a solemn ceremony for the laying of two new rocket ships. To date, managed to get the first serious results. 29 July 2017, according to the results of several stages of construction, the lead ship was launched and is being completed afloat. According to the Ministry of Defense, in the next few weeks the same will happen with the first serial "Karakurt".

The third ship of the project (the second serial) received the name "Storm" and was laid in May last year. Production facilities in Feodosia, recently transferred to the Pella plant, were chosen as the site for its construction. At the moment, Theodosia shipbuilders are busy assembling and installing the main structures of the future Storm.

29 July and 24 December last year at the site "Pelly" in Otradnoe were laid MRK "Shkval" and "Storm". These ships are still in the early stages of construction. In mid-March this year, the company in the Crimea began to build the ship "Okhotsk". There is also a contract for the seventh ship "Cyclone", but its execution has not yet begun. In total, in the foreseeable future, the Pella enterprise, having two plants at its disposal, will have to transfer to the fleet seven ships of the 22800 project, of which six are at different stages of construction.

According to military plans, the Russian fleet needs at least 15-20 small rocket ships of the Karakurt type. Implementation of such plans by the forces of a shipyard is associated with certain restrictions, which is why other companies were involved in the program besides “Pella”. So, in August last year, the Ministry of Defense signed a contract with the Zelenodolsk plant them. A.M. Gorky. This agreement provides for the construction of five ships with the delivery of the entire series to 2020 year inclusive.

According to the report of the Zelenodolsk plant last year, in the fall or early winter of 2016, the first two MRKs of the 22800 project were laid in the workshops of the enterprise. According to reports, these ships were called "Monsoon" and "Passat." The ships "Breeze", "Tornado" and "Smerch" currently exist only in the plans. Their laying will take place over the next few years.

Next, it is planned to build six more ships needed by the Pacific Fleet. Such an order should receive the Amur Shipbuilding Plant (Komsomolsk-on-Amur). It is curious that the Ministry of Defense has already chosen a contractor, but has not yet entered into a contract with him. In the summer of this year, it was announced that a new official order for serial "Karakurts" would appear only in 2018. This allows you to roughly imagine the timing of the start of construction and delivery of the last of the ordered ships. Apparently, construction in Komsomolsk-on-Amur will be completed in the first years of the next decade.

Thus, over the next few years - no later than the mid-twenties - the Russian shipbuilding industry will build and transfer to the Navy 18 small rocket ships of the 22800 "Karakurt" project. The total duration of the construction program that started in 2015 will reach 8-10 years. Such a combination of time and the number of such ships can be a real cause for the pride of shipbuilders.

A direct consequence of the expected relatively rapid implementation of the plans is to obtain noticeable results already during the first two years of construction. So, to date, the Leningrad plant "Pella" managed to float the head MRK "Karakurt". After completion of completion afloat, expected in the foreseeable future, the ship will be put to the test. No later than the end of 2018, the “Hurricane” is scheduled to be handed over to the customer. Also next year, the delivery of the first serial ship is planned, which is still on the stocks, but is already preparing to be launched.

The 22800 “Karakurt” project proposes the construction of small displacement ships with percussion weapons, to a certain extent similar to the older rocket boats. In this case, the project is based on modern solutions, as well as weapons that meet all existing requirements. Promising "Karakurt" should differ from other modern IRCs of Russian development with higher seaworthiness characteristics allowing them to work in the open sea.

Ships of the 22800 project must have a 800 tonne displacement with a length of 67 m and a width of 11 m. The hull lines comply with the requirements for seaworthiness. Ships are proposed to equip the diesel-electric power plant. Three diesel engines M-507Д-1 and the same number of diesel generators DGAS-315 should provide movement at speeds up to 30 units. The cruising range at economic speed reaches 2500 miles. Stock autonomy - 15 days.

The project involves the use of a variety of weapons designed to attack remote targets and protect against attack from the sea or from the air. There is a complex of artillery means in the composition of the automatic installation AK-176М with 76-mm gun and two anti-aircraft guns AK-630 caliber 30 mm. Earlier it was claimed that instead of the AK-630 systems, some ships would receive a naval version of the Pantsir missile-cannon complex. Also on board the ship there are two installations for large-caliber machine guns "CORD". To enhance the air defense crew can use man-portable air defense systems.

The high impact potential of Karakurt should be provided by the Caliber missile system. In the superstructure of the ship is mounted universal vertical launcher 3С-14 with eight cells. It can be used to launch P-800 Onyx missiles or products of the Caliber family. The composition of the rocket ammunition, the purpose of the missiles and their proportions in the ammunition are determined in accordance with the assigned combat missions. Depending on the type of loaded missiles, the 22800 project's interplanetary missile system is capable of attacking surface and coastal targets at ranges of at least several hundred kilometers.

According to available data, the main means of detecting air and surface objects on the ship "Karakurt" is the radar station "Mineral-M". Also declared modern combat information management system, navigation tools, electronic warfare complex, communication systems, etc.

Earlier it was stated that small rocket ships of the 22800 project are considered as an addition to the under construction MRK of the 21631 “Buyan-M” project, which is distinguished by less high seaworthy characteristics. At the moment, the construction of the 12 ships "Buyan-M" and 18 "Karakurt" is planned. According to the results of the implementation of all the existing plans and the implementation of the signed contracts, the Russian Navy will receive three dozen new ships of relatively small displacement, carrying rather powerful artillery and rocket weapons.

To date, the Navy managed to get five small rocket ships of the 21631 project, the construction of which started at the beginning of this decade. Newer IRAs of the 22800 project have not yet had time to enter the fleet combat personnel, but the moment they began their service is approaching. Next year, several new ship transfer ceremonies are scheduled. In the absence of serious problems, by the beginning of 2019, there will be three or four Karakurt in the Russian Navy. The lead ship is already being completed near the wall, and the first serial ship will reportedly be launched shortly.

Thus, both already accomplished and expected events continue the ambitious fleet modernization program by building new ships of different classes.


On the materials of the sites:
http://function.mil.ru/
http://pellaship.ru/
https://ria.ru/
https://kommersant.ru/
http://tass.ru/
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/
Author:
Photos used:
Leningrad shipbuilding plant "Pella" / pellaship.ru
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  1. Moore
    Moore 8 November 2017 06: 57 New
    +2
    It was previously claimed that part of the ships, instead of the AK-630 systems, will receive the marine version of the Shell shell missile-cannon complex.

    If now this statement is in question, then for the ships, if anything, fate will hide under the umbrella of ground-based air defense or air defense systems of its larger counterparts.
    1. Uryukc
      Uryukc 8 November 2017 09: 56 New
      +2
      Starting with 3 ships in the series, they must receive ME Shell
      http://militaryrussia.ru/blog/topic-885.html
      1. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 9 November 2017 14: 59 New
        +1
        Nice ship, with predatory contours. And the weapons are not frail.
        1. Looking for
          Looking for 9 November 2017 16: 53 New
          +1
          Do not engage in poetry, "predatory contours." And on the issue of heavy weapons .... you hope you know. Why some Soviet fighter-interceptors were called - "dove of peace" Well, this is a marine option ..
          1. Bad_gr
            Bad_gr 9 November 2017 21: 35 New
            +2
            Quote: Seeker
            ... Do not engage in poetry, "predatory contours" ...

            And why is that ? Our earlier (design of ships of the 70s) differed in excellent design in comparison with the same type of NATO ships. Unfortunately, our modern ones from foreign ones do not differ in design; Karakurt, in my opinion, is a rare exception.
            Quote: Seeker
            ..... you know. why some Soviet fighter interceptors were called - "dove of peace"

            I do not know.
            1. XXXIII
              XXXIII 10 November 2017 21: 26 New
              +1
              Quote: Bad_gr
              Quote: Seeker
              ..... you know. why some Soviet fighter interceptors were called - "dove of peace"
              I do not know.
              I want to know too ... hi
          2. stas-xnumx
            stas-xnumx 13 November 2017 10: 46 New
            +1
            There is another term: Aircraft Carrier Killer.
        2. Botanologist
          Botanologist 10 November 2017 21: 02 New
          0
          As for the rims on the forum airbase a lot of skepticism. "Deep V" increases the wetted surface, and even for seaworthiness with a fresh wind, there may be some bad surprises.
  2. Vadim Zhivov
    Vadim Zhivov 8 November 2017 07: 13 New
    +2
    Pella works at a very good pace ... And USC enterprises are constantly shifting deadlines ... Why it is not clear ... hi
    1. arkadiyssk
      arkadiyssk 25 January 2018 12: 03 New
      0
      Good pace? I’ll try to remind you what a good pace is - the PRC has built a series of 42 Type 056 corvettes (1300 TWI) in 5 years. This is the corvette - EVERY month and a half!
      Even if we accept that China had three shipyards, the pace is still gigantic.
  3. tchoni
    tchoni 8 November 2017 09: 51 New
    +2
    At the moment, it is planned to build 12 ships "Buyan-M" and 18 "Karakurt".
    I'm spinning! by the year 25 we’ll create a counterweight to the four “arly-berks”! There will be another 70)))
    1. Moore
      Moore 8 November 2017 10: 45 New
      +9
      Byad-byad ... And with aircraft carriers we are not doing well, and with these ... four-legged robots. Everything, tomorrow we surrender ...
      But what, "Buyans" and "Karakurt" are intended to oppose "arly-berks" in the Gulf of Mexico? Or is it such coastal launching platforms for solving problems in conjunction with the ground-air component off their shores?
    2. viktorch
      viktorch 8 November 2017 10: 46 New
      0
      you think the wrong proportion in the opposite direction, believe the star and saved the TV channels.
    3. Nikolai Grek
      Nikolai Grek 8 November 2017 19: 24 New
      +4
      Quote: tchoni
      by the year 25 we’ll create a counterweight to the four “arly-berks”! There will be another 70)))

      you would not be in a hurry to draw conclusions .. let’s see, by the year 25, the Americans will lose their ships under the rams of bulk carriers !!! wink yes laughing laughing laughing
    4. Setrac
      Setrac 8 November 2017 21: 35 New
      +1
      Quote: tchoni
      I'm spinning! by the year 25 we’ll create a counterweight to the four “arly-berks”! There will be another 70)))

      120 onyxes - two for each arly burke - is enough.
  4. Protos
    Protos 8 November 2017 11: 33 New
    +5
    Quote: tchoni
    At the moment, it is planned to build 12 ships "Buyan-M" and 18 "Karakurt".
    I'm spinning! by the year 25 we’ll create a counterweight to the four “arly-berks”! There will be another 70)))

    Nonsense! "Arly Burke" - the ship of the colonial ocean power - we do not need such a fuck.
    We have territories of national interests within the reach of guided missile weapons!
    So why the heck are these golden samovars in such a wild count? laughing
    1. viktorch
      viktorch 8 November 2017 12: 02 New
      0
      that is, in your opinion, karakurt = arly berk in everything except range and autonomy.
    2. tchoni
      tchoni 8 November 2017 14: 34 New
      +3
      I will clarify the idea a bit. ... and at the same time a comparison with Arly Burke. A ship of the "karakurt" type provides a Russian view of the idea of ​​an "arsenal ship". Like Arly Burke, this is an American view of the subject. - this is the first reason for the comparison. The second reason to compare these ships is to use them in the same theaters of operations: the Black, Mediterranean and Baltic Seas.
      So it turns out that these are direct competitors in the plan of solving percussion problems. This doesn’t mean that they will have to meet in battle, but nonetheless
      1. Krabik
        Krabik 13 November 2017 10: 57 New
        +2
        Comparison of a missile ship of the ocean zone with a river boat, at least not correct.

        Burke’s task is not only shock - it is also a radar and air defense / missile defense.

        And Burke looks inside, like a starship from the movie "Star Wars", unlike our version, is 10 times smaller and 100 times easier ...
    3. Vladimir1155
      Vladimir1155 14 November 2017 11: 03 New
      +1
      completely, I support, Karakurt and Buyan is the right solution for the tasks of the fleet of the Russian Federation, and for marine waters the only right solution in the sense of the surface of the shock of the fleet
  5. Monarchist
    Monarchist 8 November 2017 14: 19 New
    0
    Quote: VadimLives
    Pella works at a very good pace ... And USC enterprises are constantly shifting deadlines ... Why it is not clear ... hi

    I think the reason is in the leadership: in the “Loop” there are patriotic thinking leaders, and the wax is concerned only with profit. If even under Stalin the supply of arms was disrupted (this was on the website of Shirokorad's "Secrets of Russian Artillery") and now ...!
  6. Music
    Music 8 November 2017 14: 23 New
    +1
    Typical mosquito fleet. For swimming in the area of ​​the islands.
  7. Monarchist
    Monarchist 8 November 2017 14: 30 New
    +1
    "Hurricane", Typhoon "," Storm "," Breeze "a whole squadron of weather phenomena.
    1. Vovanfalcon
      Vovanfalcon 8 November 2017 14: 55 New
      +4
      This is a good tradition ... "All small missile ships were given" weather "names, traditional for the heroic patrol ships of the Great Patriotic War -" Breeze "," Monsoon "," Fog ", etc. For this, the MRC compounds were called the" division bad weather. "
      Article 08.09.2012 "Bad Weather Division. Missile Corvettes of the USSR Navy"
      1. Looking for
        Looking for 9 November 2017 16: 59 New
        0
        And that in the Soviet Navy there was such a class of ships — a rocket corvette ???????????????? What kind of fucking patriots are you? . Ugh
  8. Livonetc
    Livonetc 8 November 2017 15: 15 New
    +5
    Quote: Music
    Typical mosquito fleet. For swimming in the area of ​​the islands.

    Is that where the islands are, Music?
    We do not need Guam.
    And foreign land is not needed.
    Regarding the fulfillment of real combat missions by small classes of ships, the Caspian flotilla has already shown everyone where the coolest cancers hibernate.
  9. Santor
    Santor 8 November 2017 20: 18 New
    +1
    Quote: Moore
    If now this statement is in question, then for the ships, if anything, fate will hide under the umbrella of ground-based air defense or air defense systems of its larger counterparts.

    Receive from the 4 ship in the series. Infa from the builders.
  10. Reader 2013
    Reader 2013 8 November 2017 20: 56 New
    0
    And there wasn’t anything more harmonious than Karakurt in the Russian language, it looks like a cockroach
  11. Petrol cutter
    Petrol cutter 8 November 2017 21: 10 New
    +7
    Not more than two and a half hours ago, I watched how the gentlemen dragged the crane to install the rest of the superstructure on the Storm. You see the mosquito fleet ... You climb inside, you’ll find a hell out of two. Did you see the size of the cabins? I have a smaller room.
    1. Looking for
      Looking for 9 November 2017 17: 02 New
      0
      And only 8 !!! EIGHT !!!! missiles.
      1. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 9 November 2017 17: 57 New
        +3
        Quote: Seeker
        And only 8 !!! EIGHT !!!! missiles.

        There are foreign analogues, where the 800-ton ship has 8 missiles, with a range of destruction of targets up to 2700 km? that is, the strength to carry out strategic tasks?
      2. Botanologist
        Botanologist 10 November 2017 21: 05 New
        +1
        Quote: Seeker
        And all 8 !!! EIGHT!!!!

        How much do you need? 100500?
        1. Petrol cutter
          Petrol cutter 10 November 2017 21: 21 New
          +4
          Here it’s just appropriate to say not just eight, but eight. A small steamer can cover a sufficient number of enemy cities directly from the pier, for example with ammunition with special warheads! Could such a dream about twenty years ago?!. This is the trick and the asymmetric answer. But such ships aren’t one, but rather fast enough ... So think gentlemen, think.
          1. Vladimir1155
            Vladimir1155 14 November 2017 11: 06 New
            +1
            certainly, a dozen Karakurt are better than one destroyer
            1. Petrol cutter
              Petrol cutter 14 November 2017 21: 00 New
              +3
              We began assembling the third building at the More factory. Mortgage sections are now docked. On the second hull, we cook the transom, saturation with bulkheads is on, the deck is being prepared.
  12. Slipper 2
    Slipper 2 11 July 2018 12: 13 New
    0
    This is a glorious sequel to the Tarantula series.