Military Review

Strategic Culture: Russian Argus armored vehicle gives artillery precise strike capability

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Foreign-language publications regularly write about Russian weapons and equipment, mainly about the most famous models. Sometimes they turn to less popular technology and make it a kind of advertising. Not so long ago, foreign specialists and amateurs of military equipment had the opportunity to become better acquainted with the newest Russian mobile reconnaissance point PRP-4A "Argus".


The 22 of October, the online magazine of the Analytical Organization Strategic Culture Foundation, published an article by Andrey Akulov “Russia's Argus Armored Vehicle Provides Artillery with Precision Strike Capability” (“The Russian Argus armored vehicle gives artillery an accurate strike”). The international online publication Strategic Culture is known for its loyalty to Russia and has a constant interest in Russian defense developments. This time the subject of such interest was the reconnaissance vehicle PRP-4A.

A. Akulov begins his article with a reminder of fresh the news... According to the latest data, not so long ago, artillery reconnaissance vehicles (or scout vehicles - according to foreign classification) of the PRP-4A "Argus" type were sent to Syria. This technique, which is sometimes referred to as the "all-seeing eye of artillery", is intended for reconnaissance and target acquisition with the subsequent issuance of target designation to gun batteries. "Agrus" can determine the coordinates of the enemy tanks, guns or groups of fighters as soon as they open fire. In addition, a reconnaissance machine using its own weapon, can provoke a return fire and also reveal the location of the enemy.

Strategic Culture: Russian Argus armored vehicle gives artillery precise strike capability


The author indicates part of the characteristics of the Russian technology. Thus, the PRP-4А has a length of 6,7 m, a width of 2,9 m and a height of 2,1 m. The combat weight is 13,8 t. The Argus is operated by a crew of four. The driver, the commander and two operators of reconnaissance equipment work in the habitable volume.

On the road, a reconnaissance vehicle can reach speeds of up to 65 km / h. Water barriers are overcome by swimming at speeds up to 7 km / h. Cruising on the highway - 500 km. PRP-4A can operate at altitudes up to 3000 above sea level, as well as at ambient temperatures up to -40 °. It is able to climb the slope of the 60% (31 °) steepness and move with a heel up to 30% (17 °). The tracked chassis provides a lift on the 70-cm wall and an intersection of a moat 2,2 wide, m. This undercarriage is also used when driving through water.

A. Akulov reminds that the main armament of the Argus is the PKTM machine gun of rifle caliber. This product shows the rate of fire to 800 rounds per minute and is able to use cartridges with bullets of various types: with conventional, tracer, armor-piercing, incendiary, etc. With the help of a machine gun, the crew can attack unprotected targets at ranges up to 1500. In case of an enemy attack, the PRP-4A has some means of protection. For example, a warning system for laser irradiation is used. To protect against relevant threats, it is proposed to use smoke grenade launchers that create an aerosol cloud. Grenade launchers can be used to protect against laser-guided missile systems. Also, the reconnaissance vehicle is equipped with thermal smoke equipment that creates a smoke screen by injecting fuel into the exhaust manifold.

The mobile reconnaissance point has a steel welded hull providing protection against 12,7-mm bullets of large-caliber small arms. Frontal projection also has partial protection from 20-mm projectiles of automatic guns. In addition to armor, the Argus has automatic fire extinguishing equipment and a collective defense system against weapons of mass destruction. For concealed work on the front edge, the machine can be equipped with camouflage nets and heat shields.

PDP-4A carries a developed set of surveillance and intelligence tools. This machine is equipped with a radar station, night vision devices and thermal imagers, as well as modern systems of optical-electronic suppression. Intelligence equipment is associated with navigation, data processing and information transmission devices. Numerous surveillance tools allow the detection of various targets, including those protected by a particular disguise. The complex of reconnaissance equipment is controlled from two operator positions.

Part of the equipment is removable, which allows it to be deployed on the ground, outside the base machine. In this case, the observation post may be located at a distance of 6 km from its armored carrier.

One of the main elements of the special equipment of the Argus reconnaissance vehicle is the 1Л120-1 radar, the antenna of which rises above the tower with the help of a special mast device. This radar is able to monitor the situation at any time of day and in any weather. Information about the objects found can be transferred to the calculations of guns or multiple launch rocket systems. The 1Л120-1 system is able to detect a person standing at a distance of up to 7 km. Tank-type targets can be identified and identified at distances of up to 16 km. In the stowed position, the radar antenna is retracted into its own protected housing.

The scouts also have a periscopic device 1D14-1, which incorporates optical tools and a laser range finder. With it, you can monitor large ground objects at a distance of 10 km. Buildings, hills and other objects of comparable size can be seen from a distance of 25 km. Optical devices also provide search and identification of the target with the calculation of its coordinates and the subsequent transfer of artillery data.

The mobile reconnaissance point PRP-4A "Argus" is built on the basis of the chassis of the infantry fighting vehicle BMP-1. This machine is characterized by high mobility and maneuverability, speed and mobility on highways and on rough terrain. In addition, it is amphibious and is able to overcome water obstacles by swimming. The Argus retains the UTD-20C1 turbocharged diesel engine with a rated horsepower 300. Also, the reconnaissance vehicle is equipped with an auxiliary power unit. Its task is to supply all electrical and electronic systems with the main engine off.

The author of the online magazine Strategic Culture Foundation notes the uniqueness of the concept underlying the draft PDP-4A. So, in the armies of the NATO countries, equipment of this class is simply absent. Instead of specialized self-propelled armored vehicles, the armed forces of the Alliance prefer to use reconnaissance aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles. Such an approach to the conduct of artillery reconnaissance, as pointed out by A. Akulov, has certain disadvantages.

If the enemy has modern means of electronic warfare, the real effectiveness of aerial reconnaissance and aerial photography can significantly decrease. As a result, the artillery loses target designation and adjustments, which is why it remains "blind." In such a situation, a tracked protected vehicle with the ideology “I see everything, but no one sees me” turns out to be an indispensable tool for organizing high-precision artillery attacks. From this the author makes a curious conclusion. He does not see anything surprising in the fact that the creators of Argus from the research and production corporation Uralvagonzavod received state awards for this project.

***

The mobile reconnaissance artillery unit of the PDP-4A “Argus” was created just a few years ago, and for certain reasons did not have time to attract the special attention of foreign specialists. However, this technique not only passed the necessary tests, but was put into service with the simultaneous deployment of mass production. Obviously, now foreign-language publications are trying to catch up and are interested in not the newest Russian development.

The Argus project was developed by the design office of the Rubtsovsk machine-building plant, which is part of the Uralvagonzavod corporation. Initially, the PRP-4А was created as an upgraded version of the PDP-4M “Deuterium” serial intelligence officer. The modernization project involved a significant upgrade of the complex of observation, data processing and communications facilities. In addition, the car with the letter "A" received its own complex of optical-electronic suppression. Also in its delivery set includes mounted means of masking: networks and heat shields.

At the beginning of this decade, a new type of experimental equipment was tested, the results of which were put into service, and also became the subject of an order. Production was deployed in the 2012-13 years, and soon the intelligence units of the ground forces received the latest serial equipment. By now, according to the Ministry of Defense, PRP-4А vehicles have been put in formations of all military districts.

The presence of a number of modern radar and optoelectronic systems allows the crew of the Argus to observe and find various objects at significant distances. In addition, the automatic processing of primary data with the transfer of ready information about the goals to consumers in the face of artillery units is provided. From this point of view, the new machine PRP-4А is similar to its predecessors, however, it is more efficient.

A few weeks ago, in mid-October, information about sending at least one Argus car to Syria appeared in open sources. Apparently, the Ministry of Defense plans to test this technique in the face of a real local conflict and establish its actual capabilities. However, any detailed information about the operation of the PDP-4A in the framework of the Syrian conflict is missing, although its goals and objectives are obvious.

For some time, the reconnaissance vehicle PRP-XNUMHA "Argus" has attracted the attention of foreign experts. In terms of popularity, it can not be compared with other modern samples of Russian development, but it is nonetheless of particular interest. The recent dispatch of artillery reconnaissance in Syria spurred the interest of foreign public.


The article "Russia's Argus Armored Vehicle Provides Artillery with Precision Strike Capability":
https://strategic-culture.org/news/2017/10/22/russia-argus-armored-vehicle-provides-artillery-with-precision-strike-capability.html
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  1. andrewkor
    andrewkor 1 November 2017 06: 30 New
    0
    There was a scarring and not it! Now the PRP will be on the basis of Almaty after 2020-30.
    1. infantryman2020
      infantryman2020 1 November 2017 08: 50 New
      0
      Information from the series "Russia - the Homeland of Elephants".
      Quality. Such machines are needed, but this particular machine and its equipment are morally obsolete (for example, large-scale ones lack PMU with a sensor unit, the technical level of thermal imagers, inti much more ...).
      Amount. The developed armies have similar machines. And there they are regular for each, as a minimum, battalion tactical group. And, for example, in the USA - a company. Ration in ACS TK
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov 1 November 2017 10: 05 New
        +4
        Quote: infantryman2020
        Amount. The developed armies have similar machines. And there they are regular for each, as a minimum, battalion tactical group.

        8)))
        And we have? Count yourself. Three motorized rifle battalions of a separate motorized rifle brigade account for 5 PRPs. Plus 12 KShM commanders of battalions and batteries, which also conduct reconnaissance, i.e. in fact, each company commander and battalion commander consists of a battery commander and a division commander, respectively. With its KShM and with the possibility besides it to deploy also remote KNP
    2. Yugin22
      Yugin22 1 November 2017 14: 38 New
      0
      Where did Rubtsovka go? A couple of times a month they are transported by tractors past ... And why do they need to be made on the basis of Almaty, ok Kurganets, even BMP-3 for the eyes
  2. Professor
    Professor 1 November 2017 08: 48 New
    +3
    The author of the online magazine Strategic Culture Foundation notes the uniqueness of the concept underlying the draft PDP-4A. So, in the armies of the NATO countries, equipment of this class is simply absent. Instead of specialized self-propelled armored vehicles, the armed forces of the Alliance prefer to use reconnaissance aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles. Such an approach to the conduct of artillery reconnaissance, as pointed out by A. Akulov, has certain disadvantages.

    The author is joking of course. The bourgeoisie have both active (as described here) and passive (which do not give out an observer for tens of kilometers).

    In such a situation, a tracked protected vehicle with the ideology “I see everything, but nobody sees me” turns out to be an indispensable tool for organizing high-precision artillery raids

    1L120-1 radar is invisible?
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 1 November 2017 10: 31 New
      +1
      Quote: Professor
      The bourgeoisie also have active ones (as described here)

      I would not call the intelligence tools installed on the PRP purely active.
      There is a tower on which a rangefinder, a powerful cooled thermal imager and an active / passive nightlight with laser illumination and the ability to measure range are installed. There is a radar that can be deployed both on the machine and on the "remote"
      In principle, in conjunction with the CMS of the division commander or with one of the CMS of the battery commanders, completely passive reconnaissance is possible, even without the use of laser rangefinders
      1. Professor
        Professor 1 November 2017 11: 53 New
        +2
        Quote: Spade
        In principle, in conjunction with the CMS of the division commander or with one of the CMS of the battery commanders, completely passive reconnaissance is possible, even without the use of laser rangefinders

        You yourself have confirmed my words. “In principle” and “jointly” a passive mode of operation is possible. So far, it has not been implemented and the author’s statement “I see everything, but nobody sees me” does not correspond to reality. By the way, EMNIP then at least two cars are necessary for triangulation, otherwise a laser rangefinder is needed. The laser range finder as well as radar are unmasking means.

        The base selected for this machine is also surprising. I never recommend the Tiger, but in the end it’s not the same rarity. request
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 1 November 2017 12: 32 New
          0
          Quote: Professor
          In the meantime, it is not implemented

          Uh ... I mean, "not implemented"? Implemented and practiced. Paired observation. True, more often in the "car-take-out" option, and not in the "car-machine". But there is no difference
          It’s just that in most cases there is no need for it, the laser rangefinder doesn’t unmask so much.
          Speaking of birds, and what bourgeois have "passive means" without laser rangefinders?
          Something I do not remember about such ...
          1. Professor
            Professor 1 November 2017 14: 27 New
            0
            Quote: Spade
            Uh ... I mean, "not implemented"? Implemented and practiced. Paired observation. True, more often in the "car-take-out" option, and not in the "car-machine". But there is no difference

            Not implemented. Triangulation requires at least 2 interconnected machines.
            Otherwise, it is nothing more than:


            Quote: Spade
            It’s just that in most cases there is no need for it, the laser rangefinder doesn’t unmask so much.

            "not so much"? I personally observed its unmasking effect in the thermal imager.

            Quote: Spade
            Speaking of birds, and what bourgeois have "passive means" without laser rangefinders?
            Something I do not remember about such ...

            How strange it is to hear from you. After all, it was you who pointed me to them a couple of years ago in a conversation on another site. wink
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 1 November 2017 15: 59 New
              +1
              Quote: Professor
              Not implemented. Triangulation requires at least 2 interconnected machines.

              Or one machine, a telephone set from the equipment of the machine and bushes from the composition of the machine equipment.

              Quote: Professor
              How strange it is to hear from you. After all, it was you who pointed me to them a couple of years ago in a conversation on another site.

              There was no such thing. My memory is fine so far.
              1. Professor
                Professor 1 November 2017 16: 19 New
                0
                Quote: Spade
                Or one machine, a telephone set from the equipment of the machine and bushes from the composition of the machine equipment.

                Thus, you divided the crew into 2, but did not add technical capabilities. Will you also do triangulation with the phone?

                Quote: Spade
                There was no such thing. My memory is fine so far.

                Okay. I will look for correspondence in LiveJournal to refresh my memory, yours or yours. repeat
                And this device is made by Rafael on the basis of thermal imagers. A pair of such stations in passive mode determines the source of enemy artillery fire and / or adjusts the fire of their gunners.

                PS
                https://topwar.ru/84120-obzor-artillerii-chast-8-
                sistemy-razvedki-nablyudeniya-i-celeukazaniya.htm
                l
                Rafael has developed a passive target range measurement system based on the geographical infrastructure and implemented in its Pointer and Micro-Pointer target positioning systems.
                1. Lopatov
                  Lopatov 1 November 2017 16: 29 New
                  +1
                  Quote: Professor
                  Thus you divided the crew into 2

                  One person from the crew is enough, especially since the rangefinder and the radar are not activated, but we have a completely passive mode

                  Quote: Professor
                  And this device is made by Rafael on the basis of thermal imagers.

                  That is, as on our Penicillin. 8)))
                  But here the question is that the target must also shoot, right?
                  Otherwise, "this device from the company Rafael based on thermal imagers" will not see anything. A paired observation drum. At least a stump, even a disguised anti-tank system, at least a shooting machine gun
                  1. Professor
                    Professor 1 November 2017 18: 26 New
                    0
                    Quote: Spade
                    One person from the crew is enough, especially since the rangefinder and the radar are not activated, but we have a completely passive mode

                    And what kind of Makar will they triangulate?

                    Quote: Spade
                    That is, as on our Penicillin. 8)))
                    But here the question is that the target must also shoot, right?
                    Otherwise, "this device from the company Rafael based on thermal imagers" will not see anything. A paired observation drum. At least a stump, even a disguised anti-tank system, at least a shooting machine gun

                    The radar also "catches" the projectile in flight, and does not read the thoughts of the gunner. However, the system is passive.

                    Quote: Spade
                    This, of course, is all interesting, but for some reason there are laser range finders in the composition of the Poynter and Micro-Poynter. 8)))
                    Apparently, to use the technology, huge preliminary work is needed in the form of a never-noticeable complete digitization of the terrain?

                    I do not know. I have not yet analyzed the action of this system in detail.

                    Quote: Spade
                    There was no such thing. My memory is fine so far.

                    I hasten to upset you. You started having memory problems. Throw off correspondence from 12 June 2015 in PM? wink

                    PS
                    http://www.rafael.co.il/5796-3779-EN/Marketing.as
                    px
                    1. Lopatov
                      Lopatov 1 November 2017 18: 58 New
                      0
                      Quote: Professor
                      And what kind of Makar will they triangulate?

                      Announce the entire list? It hurts great. Conjugated observation in the First World War was used. Therefore, there are many options

                      Quote: Professor
                      The radar also "catches" the projectile in flight, and does not read the thoughts of the gunner. However, the system is passive.

                      Passive, but not universal. Unlike paired observation or stereo range finder.

                      Quote: Professor
                      I hasten to upset you. You started having memory problems. Throw off correspondence from 12 June 2015 in PM?

                      Rather, you. I remember that we discussed UAVs there.
                      1. Professor
                        Professor 1 November 2017 19: 06 New
                        0
                        Quote: Spade
                        Announce the entire list? It hurts great. Conjugated observation in the First World War was used. Therefore, there are many options

                        Announce pliz. Particularly interested in what kind of arithmometer will they calculate triangulation?

                        Quote: Spade
                        Passive, but not universal. Unlike paired observation or stereo range finder.

                        I did not say anything about the universal. You asked:
                        Quote: Spade
                        Speaking of birds, and what bourgeois have "passive means" without laser rangefinders?

                        And I answered you.

                        Quote: Spade
                        Rather, you. I remember that we discussed UAVs there.

                        "Something with my memory has become ..."? wink Send to the PM.
                    2. Lopatov
                      Lopatov 1 November 2017 20: 08 New
                      +1
                      Quote: Professor
                      Announce pliz. Particularly interested in what kind of arithmometer will they calculate triangulation?

                      Oh...
                      Let's start with the graphical method. On a large-scale tablet, on a map using a ruler and a circle, using an ASN
                      Further, devices like a nomogram of an instrumental move, a slide rule, a CTM numerator. Here is a solution on a piece of paper using a table of sines and a solution using an engineering calculator
                      Next, electronics. Starting from the standard Soviet-era geodesic "programmable calculator" for the PDP called "Butterfly", and ending with a sea of ​​programs for almost any means, from ancient PMK to smartphones


                      Next
                      Quote: Professor
                      I did not say anything about the universal. You asked:

                      I asked about a completely passive analogue of the PDP, which suddenly, in your words, is among the bourgeoisie. And you started telling me about the thermal intelligence system.
                      That is, I asked about replacing the hammer, you began to advertise a wrench to me.

                      I will clarify the problem: do the bourgeoisie have a fully passive optical reconnaissance system in service? To give the coordinates of any target, how does the PDP do it?
                      1. Professor
                        Professor 1 November 2017 20: 31 New
                        0
                        Quote: Spade
                        Oh...

                        Really "Oh ..."
                        In order to calculate the coordinates of an object, you need to know the coordinates of two observers (you don’t have this), the exact azimuth to the target (and you don’t have this because you don’t have a built-in compass in the observing device). does not allow your machine to determine the coordinates of the target in passive mode.

                        Quote: Spade
                        I will clarify the problem: do the bourgeoisie have a fully passive optical reconnaissance system in service? To give the coordinates of any target, how does the PDP do it?

                        Of course have. For example, this one. Matchguide But the PDP in the passive mode does not. Without a rangefinder or radar, he is not able to determine the coordinates of the target and sending soldiers with a tape measure in their hands to measure the distance to the target as an alternative, we hope we will not consider it.
                        http://www.rafael.co.il/SIP_STORAGE/FILES/2/2212.
                        pdf
                2. Lopatov
                  Lopatov 1 November 2017 16: 50 New
                  +1
                  Quote: Professor
                  Rafael has developed a passive target range measurement system based on the geographical infrastructure and implemented in its Pointer and Micro-Pointer target positioning systems.

                  This, of course, is all interesting, but for some reason there are laser range finders in the composition of the Poynter and Micro-Poynter. 8)))
                  Apparently, to use the technology, huge preliminary work is needed in the form of a never-noticeable complete digitization of the terrain?
          2. Svateev
            Svateev 2 November 2017 20: 29 New
            +1
            Quote: Spade
            the laser rangefinder doesn’t unmask so much.

            Strong. Highly:
            1. Svateev
              Svateev 2 November 2017 20: 31 New
              +1
              And here is the SWIR laser in NVD:
              1. Svateev
                Svateev 2 November 2017 20: 33 New
                +1
                and one more

                (For admins: one photo often carries more useful information than a long comment)
  3. viktorch
    viktorch 1 November 2017 10: 25 New
    0
    um, but is there any point in such an aggregate now? when all of these reconnaissance and reconnaissance functions are calmly performed by UAVs, or ordinary units (judging by am in Afghanistan), and the NATO troops have a similar technique in the exercises for show.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 1 November 2017 11: 28 New
      +2
      Quote: viktorch
      um, but is there any point in such an aggregate now? when all these functions of a reconnaissance spotter calmly perform UAVs

      So, let's select binoculars from the infantry, there are UAVs, why do they need them?
      Quote: viktorch
      or ordinary units (judging by am in Afghanistan)

      And here you are deeply mistaken.
      There is, let's call it so, the Soviet artillery control scheme. The battalion commander and battery commanders are seated on the “front” together with the corresponding combined arms commanders, battalion commanders, and company commanders. And in the area of ​​firing positions they rule the chief of staff of the division and senior battery officers.
      There is, let's call it again conditionally, the Anglo-Saxon scheme. When the division commander and battery commanders in the rear, in the area of ​​firing positions. And their, so to speak, “eyes” on the battlefield are sections of advanced artillery observers who are regularly included in those very “ordinary units” that you mention.

      Each of the schemes has its own advantages and disadvantages. However, the same Poles, although curtsied in the direction of "NATO standards," having created sections of advanced artillery observers (though as part of artillery units), still left the division commanders and batteries "on the front." Since in this case they have much more fire control capabilities
  4. -Ac-
    -Ac- 18 January 2019 14: 23 New
    0
    Quote: Professor
    The base selected for this machine is also surprising. I never recommend the Tiger, but in the end it’s not the same rarity.

    This base is better than the Tiger.