The concern Tractor Plants, which includes the enterprise Kurganmashzavod, which is directly involved in the production of BMP-3 combat vehicles, told Izvestiya journalists that the BMP-3М "Dragoon" with the UTD-32T engine is ready for serial production. At the same time, representatives of the concern declined further comment.
Debut "Draguna" took place in 2015 year as part of the X International Exhibition of Arms, Military Equipment and Ammunition Russia Arms EXPO 2015, which is held in Nizhny Tagil. The BMP-3М "Dragoon" became one of the sensations of that exhibition along with the BMP-3 "Derivation". By and large, the BMP-3M "Dragoon" is a completely new infantry fighting vehicle, based on the BMP-3 chassis, the novelty should allow our country to retain its leadership in international arms markets. It is worth noting that the BMP-3 is quite popular in the world, this combat vehicle in various modifications is in service with Azerbaijan, Algeria, Venezuela, Indonesia, Cyprus, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates and several other countries.
A peculiarity of the deep modernization of the infantry fighting vehicle BMP-3, which is the “Dragoon” variant, was the reconfiguration of the vehicle and the location of the engine compartment (MTO) in the forward part of the hull. In addition, the BMP-3M "Dragoon" boasts variability of combat units with a different set of weapons: a standard for the BMP-3 - 100-mm gun-launcher 2A70 with 30-mm automatic cannon 2A72 and 7,62-mm machine gun PKTM variant with 57- mm automatic gun and machine gun PKTM and version with 125-mm gun 2А75 and machine gun PCTM. Apparently, the main unit will become an uninhabited combat module with an armament block that is identical in composition to conventional BMP-3, which is in service with the Russian army. At the same time, the new combat module received a slightly increased size compared with the tower of the classic machine. The reason was that in the new uninhabited module weapon and ammunition were completely isolated from the crew of the combat vehicle and the landing force. Such an arrangement should significantly increase their chances of survival in the event of a detonation of ammunition in the event of the defeat of the machine on the battlefield.
The full combat crew of the upgraded BMP has grown to 11 man, and the location in the bow of the MTO corps significantly increased its security on the battlefield. In the bow projection, the means of defeating the enemy must pierce not only the frontal armor of the hull, but also the engine itself. In addition, the placement of the assault force in the stern of the combat vehicle and the location of a folding ramp for the assault forces (motorized infantry units) with a door built into it made it possible to improve the conditions of landing and dismounting of servicemen, including during movement of the combat vehicle at low speed. The entire crew of the combat vehicle as part of the commander, driver and gunner-operator of weapons is located in the department of control, which is located in the forward part of the body of the BMP directly behind the logistics. All crew members sit side by side shoulder to shoulder, with the mechanical drive position located in the center. In connection with the new layout, two PKTM machine guns were removed from the BMP corps.
Total BMP-3M "Dragoon" can take on board 8 paratroopers. The seats of two of them are located on the seats located behind the control compartment, in front of the tower chase and the fighting compartment. The units of the fighting compartment, located inside the body of the infantry fighting vehicle, are placed in a rectangular casing, on the sides of which small passages are left, they can be used by paratroopers sitting in the front seats for members of the crew of the combat vehicle. The entire stern of the hull of the new BMP, which is located behind the epaulettes of the tower, was given under the location of the landing. The dimensions of this compartment allowed to place six seats here, three from each side of the combat vehicle. The seats are attached directly to the sides of the hull, the soldiers are facing each other.
According to representatives of the Tractor Plants concern, the new BMP-3M "Dragoon" has an improved level of armor protection, which is higher than on conventional BMPs. Also, the new machine is notable for its improved location of the crew and the landing (motorized infantry), there is more space in it, and it’s just easier for people to sit, since the troop compartment has been completely re-packaged. At the same time on the machine was significantly enhanced mine protection. In order to reduce the impact on the paratroopers of the shock wave during the undermining of infantry fighting vehicles on improvised explosive devices or mines, comfortable anti-traumatic armchairs were mounted in it that are equipped with five-point safety belts. At the same time, the space between the bottom of the combat vehicle hull and the floor of the troop compartment was filled with specialized anti-mine "sandwiches."
As noted above, the uninhabited combat module has a similar armament complex, as in the usual BMP-3, but the composition of its ammunition has undergone some changes. This is primarily due to the fact that the main part of the combat vehicle’s ammunition is now outside the manned compartment: these are all 30-mm ammunition designed for automatic guns 2А72 - 500 cartridges in two tapes (305 with fragmentation-tracer and high-explosive incendants shells and another 195 with armor-piercing tracer shells); 22 shots for 100-mm 2А70 guns in the automatic loader, as well as three shots with a guided missile. In addition, 18 100-mm rounds to the cannon and 5 guided missiles can be placed in a special piling located in the body of the combat vehicle. Ammunition 7,62-mm PKTM machine gun is 2000 cartridges.
The upgraded version of the infantry fighting vehicle, created by the Tractor Plants specialists, is equipped with a new diesel engine with a gas turbine supercharged horsepower 816. Previous versions of infantry combat vehicles BMP-3 equipped with motors ranging from 500 to 660 HP. respectively. The new UTD-32T four-stroke multi-fuel diesel engine with direct fuel injection allows the 21-ton combat vehicle to demonstrate outstanding power density characteristics - more than 38 hp. per ton, this indicator is not present today in any BMP in the world. This engine makes it possible for a seriously heavier combat vehicle (with its modernization to grow by about three tons) to develop on the highway a speed of more than 70 km / h, afloat, the maximum speed is up to 10 km / h.
Has changed and the chassis of the new BMP. These changes are directly related to the processing of the components of the BMP-3M "Dragoon" case. The upgraded infantry fighting vehicle still has 6 track rollers on each side. BMP rollers have an individual torsion suspension, with two front pairs of rollers and one feed pair equipped with additional shock absorbers. For the correct distribution of the load on the undercarriage, the support rollers of the updated combat vehicle were placed unevenly. For example, the third, fourth and fifth pairs of rollers were shifted to each other, so the gaps between the second and third, as well as the last two pairs of rollers increased. Imposed its imprint and new engine layout. In connection with the transfer of MTO to the front of the case, the driving wheels are also located here.
The tanks with fuel, which in the classical version of the BMP-3 were located in the forward part of the hull, were made armored and explosion-proof in a modernized combat vehicle, they were equipped with a self-retracting inner cover and transferred to the stern of the BMP. In addition to improving fire safety inside the combat vehicle, such a course of designers has improved its longitudinal alignment. Thanks to this improvement, there is no need to install a hydraulic shock absorber on the first suspension nodes.
At the same time, a profound modernization of the BMP-3 consists not only in the new layout and use of the new engine and combat module. A significant role in the updated combat vehicle plays an updated technical stuffing and equipment. On the BMP-3M "Dragoon" appeared anti-noise all-daily fire control system (FCS) "Vityaz". The new MSA integrated into the modernized machine, in its essence, is one of the elements of the digital on-board equipment installed on the BMP, through which it is interfaced with a unified information environment. The new Vityaz fire control system provides automatic tracking of not only ground, but also air targets, provides firing from closed positions, registers all the parameters of the SLA and the crew’s actions, in this regard it is similar to black boxes that are installed on airplanes. In addition, the new MSA provides for the integration of the BMP-3М "Dragoon" into a single automated system for the management of units in combat (ASC TK).
The new fire control system provides full duplication of the gunner-operator functions by the commander of the combat vehicle and vice versa, since the commander and gunner-operator of armaments have unified panoramic all-day sight Krechet at their automated workplaces. ” These sights have an independent two-plane stabilization of the field of view, with thermal and television channels, a laser rangefinder and a laser beam control channel ATGM. The jobs of the commander of the combat vehicle and the gunner were equipped with control panels and panel computers (PCs) with modern high-impact LCD monitors, built-in automatic target tracking (ASC) at each workplace. The possibility of independent work of the Krechetov and their full identity increase the combat capabilities of the vehicle during its operation, including on the battlefield. Even with the failure of one of them, the combat capabilities of the BMP-3M "Dragoon" will not be affected.
PCs at the commander’s and gunner’s workplaces ensure the processing of television and thermal information received from the Krechet sight, auto-tracking of targets, as well as displaying an electronic map of the area and interaction with the combat control system of the unit. The target tracking machine implemented in the OMS can significantly improve the target tracking accuracy up to a person by 8 times, and also provides electronic stabilization of the image displayed on the crew working positions. Due to the inclusion of the upgraded infantry combat vehicle of the Vityaz missile system into the armament complex, the developers managed to reduce the time required for the preparation and production of the first shot, thereby reducing the execution time of the fire mission. In practice, this means that the crew of the BMP-3M “Dragoon” will most likely be able to detect and hit the target before the enemy can hit the Russian BMP.
Also in the Vityaz SUO a new digital two-plane weapon stabilizer was implemented with an integrated ballistic computer and automatic compensation of the withdrawals. The peculiarity of this fire control system and a kind of "chip" of the upgraded infantry fighting vehicle is that the weapon system can be controlled from the remote control. Thanks to such a decision, for example, during combat operations in defense, the crew can leave the BMP and settle down at some distance from it in some kind of shelter. In essence, the Vityaz allows you to get as close as possible to the implementation of the concept of a crewless remote combat use of an infantry fighting vehicle.
American analysts from the research corporation RAND have included a new BMP-3M "Dragoon" in the list of the four most powerful BMP on the planet. For example, the Russian novelty surpasses all foreign-made infantry fighting vehicles in terms of engine power density. The American M2 Bradley BMP, depending on the modification, installs the Cummins VTA-903T500 engines from 500 to 660 hp. On the French wheeled BMP VBCI stands the Renault D12D engine with 550 hp power, on the Italian BMP VCC-80 Dardo - Fiat 6V MTCA hp turbo diesel engine. Also, American experts particularly emphasize maneuverability, increased firepower and buoyancy indicators of a Russian-made infantry fighting vehicle.
It is curious that on the same day when domestic media reported on the completion of the preliminary tests of the modernized Dragoon BMP, Jane's 360 publishing house with reference to the US Army Association (AUSA), announced that as early as December 2017 of the US Army Europe will receive the first Stryker armored personnel carriers armed with 30-mm automatic cannons. These combat vehicles received an index XM1296 and name Dragoon (Dragoon). The armament complex of this combat vehicle, which, in fact, can be considered a wheeled BMP, was mounted in an uninhabited MC-RCT turret. This tower is manufactured by the Norwegian company Kongsberg. Unlike the American "Dragoon", its Russian namesake can fire not only from 30-mm automatic direct-fire guns, but from 100-mm guns not only direct fire, but also from closed positions to a distance of up to 7 km, in addition, the gun allows Effectively destroy enemy armored targets with an anti-tank missile at a distance of up to 6 km.
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