Military Review

Self-defense problems Tu-160М2 in strategic operations. How to survive in a terrible sky in the XXI century?

36



We can say for sure that the degree of hopes placed by the Russian Aerospace Forces for a deeply modernized version of the White Swan strategic bomber-bomber with the Tu-160M2 index is clearly not inferior to the level of interest in the design of a promising long-range aviation complex aviation (PAK YES), also known under the designation "Product 80". Unfortunately, our specialists from PJSC Tupolev, after consulting with representatives of the Moscow Region and the VKS command, decided to follow the “state” concept of promising strategic aviation of the next generation (a machine whose glider is designed according to the “flying wing” scheme will be subsonic), while At that time, the Chinese companies Xian Aircraft Industrial Corporation and Shenyng Aircraft Corporation went their own way, starting designing the supersonic 2-fly concepts of medium and long range H-18 and YH-X. Let us hope that the low subsonic speed of the PAK DA will be more than compensated by ultra-low radar signature, unique airborne radar equipment and an impressive combat load in the internal arms bays. And now let's move on to the more famous project of the improved Tu-160M2.

The radar signature of the updated “Blackjack” (“70 Products”), of course, will not come close to the EPR of the PAK DA being developed, but the main advantage is that the speed in 2000 km / h, the missile carrier will continue, and hence the time for launching the main rocket armament (CKR X-555, X-101 and perspective X-DB) will be reduced approximately 2 times. In conditions when the air theater of military operations is saturated with 5 generation fighters capable of supporting the flight at supersonic cruising speeds in the 1,5, the high speed of the Tu-160М2 looks very, very attractive, and in a certain tactical situation it can provide an opportunity to put a preemptive attack on the enemy point punch; PAK YES, operating at speed in 900 - 950 km / h, is not capable of such a "throw". According to the commander-in-chief of the Russian Air and Space Forces, the elemental base of the Tu-160М2 avionics will receive 60% new digital modules. The prospective information field is expected to be integrated: the dashboards of the first and second pilots, as well as the operator and operator-navigator, will be equipped with high-resolution wide-color LCD LCD MFIs that comfortably and clearly reflect the smallest tactical details on the theater of operations received by the onboard radar complex, warning station irradiation, as well as taken from third-party means of electronic and electronic intelligence.

It is also known that the upgraded “strategists” will receive more economical improved bypass turbojet afterburning engines NK-32 02 series, which will bring the radius of action to 8000 km with a normal rocket-bomb load and to 6000 km - with a maximum load. The overall combat effectiveness of the machine should increase almost 2 times due to the introduction of network-centric avionics and new indicator systems. A separate item is the stinging inertial navigation system BINS-SP-1, which will allow the White Swan, even without correction via the GLONASS radionavigation system satellites, to clearly define its location, including when it reaches the missile launch line. The BINS-SP-1 hardware unit can interface with almost all modern avionics modules and weapon control systems due to the availability of the common MIL-STD-1553B data bus; There is also the possibility of using the ARINC429 bus. This freestanding INS is distinguished by excellent reliability (time between failures is almost 95 days), low weight and compactness of hardware (70 kg and 12,3 dm3, respectively), as well as 24 channels for receiving additional navigation information from third-party tools. The “heart” of the system is the X-NUMX quartz accelerometer AK-3 and 15 CL-3 laser gyros, which ensure accuracy of determination of the roll and pitch angles ± 3º and the course direction error of no more than 0,1º without satellite correction.

It is absolutely clear that a strategic bomber-bomber with such abilities must be equipped with an advanced airborne defense complex (BS), which makes it possible to avoid enemy air defense missiles and guided missiles. Work in this direction has already begun. In particular, according to the statement of the Director General of Concern Radioelectronic Technologies JSC (KRET) Vladimir Mikheev, development work has recently started on designing a promising GCE for the new Tu-160М2, which is expected to “protect the aircraft from all types of missiles”. This complex will replace the previous generation BKO “Baikal”. “To protect the aircraft from all types of missiles,” sounds very categorical and encouraging. However, you need to consider the issue in detail. What do we know about the new complex?

According to V. Mikheev, he will be able to detect targets at a distance of several hundred kilometers. Obviously, this refers to the passive locating of radio-emitting ground and air objects, their classification and identification by the frequency of the electromagnetic signal emitted into space. In other words, the basic element of the new on-board complex of defense from KRET will be an advanced irradiation warning station (SPO), the accumulator of which will be loaded with a huge number of known radiation patterns of various sea, land and air-based radars, as well as active radar self-targeting radar systems of enemy enemy air defense missiles . The operator of "Blackjack" will be able to carry out detailed electronic intelligence in a radius of approximately 400 - 600 km from the aircraft. The second means of notification can be a promising high-resolution detection of attacking missiles (SOAP), which will replace the “Flame” heat finder located in the tail section of the Tu-160М2. It is likely that this station will be analogous to the SOAR, which is included in the defensive complex of the multipurpose MiG-35 fighter. This means that the detection range of approaching ASU will be of the order of 30 km, and the MIM-104C SAMs will be about 50 km. Opportunities for passive detection of enemy interceptor missiles, as well as their carriers, are very serious, but conceptually close to those possessed by the existing Baikal airborne defense complex; only the list of identifiable attackers will increase, as well as the accuracy and range of their direction finding.

An equally important element of the long-term military missile system for the Tu-160М2 will be the antenna complex of electronic countermeasures to the approaching interceptor missiles and the enemy's MRLS. In order for the future EW onboard station to effectively suppress remote observation and multifunctional radar complexes of enemy air defense systems, as well as active radar homing heads of missiles with directional interference, and even in different frequency ranges at the same time, it must be executed either as a distributed aperture from 4-x fixed compact active headlamps, or 2-x rotating cloths AFAR.

In the first case, the role of the main AFAR-producer of REP can be performed by a new on-board radar under the nose fairing; The second and third AFAR sheets will also be placed under the radio transparent nose fairing, but will serve azimuth angles ≥60 ° from the course direction Tu-160М2 (they will “look” at the sides, exactly like the antenna systems of the H036B-1-01L) Radar H036 "Squirrel" for the T-50 fighter PAK FA); the fourth canvas AFAR should work on the rear hemisphere (LPS). As you can see, we have a full-fledged distributed aperture from AFAR stations that emit any type of radio-electronic interference (from sighting to barrage or imitation). If we consider the second, simplified, configuration of an EW station (2 rotary canvases AFAR), then 2-e and 3-nasal canvases are simply excluded, and promising radar and tail AFAR emitter equipped with actuators act as jammers rotation following the example of the famous European radar "Captor-E" for fighters "Typhoon". Electronic control of the directivity pattern of this aperture will be carried out by target designation from the ACT, which is part of the onboard defense complex.

Only the use of active phased arrays (in the radiating path of the electronic warfare) as part of a promising operational control unit can significantly increase the security of the upgraded White Swan from various types of interceptor missiles, other types of simpler emitters can operate only in a narrow frequency range, which is hardly allowed to withstand ARGSN missiles operating simultaneously in the X / Ku / Ka-ranges of centimeter and millimeter waves. Serious problems of the perspective onboard Tu-160М2 defense complex can also be created by sophisticated targeting modes of modern medium-range and long-range air defense missiles. There are no fools in Raytheon either. For example, in order to circumvent the electronic countermeasures of our Tu-160М2 BKO, interceptors such as AIM-120D or RIM-174 ERAM (SM-6) can be loaded into an inertial navigation system such that inertial targeting with radio correction will act directly to the target. The radio correction itself can be carried out by target designation from the AN / AAQ-37 DAS infrared detection and tracking system of the F-35A fighter, which will detect infrared radiation from the most powerful Tu-160М2 engines at a range of 150 - 250 km. It is the infrared sensors that are the most reliable means of determining the exact coordinates of the enemy when his board is the radio-electronic jammer. When approaching with the “strategist” on 2 - 4 km, ARGSN will turn on, and our Blackjack BKO may not technically be able to catch the enemy’s missile in a couple of seconds.

For the "diversion" of interceptor missiles with promising bispectral infrared GOS, infrared traps alone cannot also be considered a panacea. Highly sensitive matrices are capable of receiving thermal radiation of medium (3 - 5 μm) and long (8 - 12 μm) waves. There are also such samples of rockets, the working range of IKGSN which covers extremely short and medium waves (from 0,5 to 5,4 µm), thanks to this, the selection capabilities of the IKGSN program filters will be greatly improved: jet engine flares can be easily distinguished against the background of IR traps. One of these missiles is the British AIM-132 ASRAAM melee combat fighters. To avoid interception with similar missiles, the Tu-160М2 should be equipped not only with ordinary containers with IR traps, but with specialized optical-electronic countermeasures such as “Vitebsk-25” or “President-S”.

And even all of the above configurations of the advanced on-board defense system from the CRET will not completely protect the Tu-160М2 from the missile defense system and the new generation OURVV, and therefore you should not literally take V. Mikheev's statements about the “full protection” of our strategic bomber-bomber from all types of missiles. Nevertheless, the implementation of a full-fledged anti-missile self-defense Tu-160М2 today looks like a very real program that will require only minor processing of the internal weapons bays, as well as the installation of compact AFAR-radar for detecting and “capturing” the enemy’s incoming missiles.


Prospective super-maneuverable short-range and medium-range anti-missile for tactical aviation self-defense of the US Air Force "SACM-T" ("CUDA") from enemy interceptor missiles. The product is based on AIM-120C AMRAAM, but has slightly reduced aerodynamic planes and is 2 times shorter than the length of the “carrying case”. To increase the maneuverability and kinetic destruction of enemy missiles, a nasal “gas-dynamic belt” of transverse control was used.


The short-range (melee) Р-73РМД-2 or РВВ-СД adapted for intercepting enemy air missiles and missiles can be easily used as antimissiles. Launched from the specially provided “small” weapons compartments, the P-73RMD-2 will be able to intercept enemy interceptor missiles even in the rear hemisphere due to the super-maneuverability provided by the interceptor thrust vector deflection system.

RVV-SD is more suitable for self-defense against missiles moving by inertia (with a burnt solid-fuel charge), because the infrared homing head P-73 will be much more difficult to “capture” the “cold target” (aerodynamic heating at a speed of 1500 km / h is insignificant) than the active radar homing missiles RVV-SD. The only known anti-missile project for combat aviation self-defense is the American SACM-T, previously known by the acronym CUDA. Now they are trying to bring it to the level of operational readiness, after which it will be much more difficult to resist the US Air Force. It is time for us to secure our strategic air fleet of this kind with impeccable defensive ammunition.

Information sources:
http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/news/modernizirovannyy-tu-160m2-budet-zashchishchen-ot-vseh-tipov-raket
http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/missile/wobb/rvv-cd/rvv-cd.shtml
http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/missile/wobb/asraam/asraam.shtml
http://www.airwar.ru/enc/bomber/tu160.html
http://bastion-karpenko.ru/tu-160m2/
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  1. kugelblitz
    kugelblitz 21 June 2017 06: 13 New
    +6
    For me, the Tu-160 already has everything in order to live up to the creation of a hypersonic suborbital bomb, consider the two-swing range, a huge range, by the way, few people know, but it is stealth coated with blades and air ducts with radio-absorbing material. Avionics podshamanit and will again be the leader, to which B-2 as before China. And in general, his concept is primarily not for breaking through air defense, but rather for entering the missile launch area. It would not hurt to equip anti-ship missiles, since the Tu-22M3 is not eternal, and here the missile cruiser with unlimited range comes out in essence.
    1. Red_Hamer
      Red_Hamer 21 June 2017 12: 28 New
      +1
      For me, the Tu-160 already has everything in order to survive to create a hypersonic suborbital bomber
      Our space drone survived, will live again, for the first time or something laughing !
    2. Gogia
      Gogia 27 June 2017 17: 06 New
      0
      For the strategist in our understanding (retaliatory strike) the stealth coverage is not so important.
      If you look at the profile of the aircraft - it will become clear that the Tupolev Design Bureau did a lot to reduce the EPR from the front hemisphere - everything is very decent there. Only the leading edge of the wing and engines can give a fairly large area.
      Although certain measures can be taken in this direction: Special grilles diffusers on air intakes, the use of cellular composite elements with a radio-absorbing coating. Replacing the elements of mechanization of the leading edge of the wing with composite ones, The boast tail and keel are composite or with elements ... A bad one-keel scheme and the side of the plane has a huge epr ...
      And so I think that this is not the plane that will sneak up and drop an atomic bomb on the city .... In this concept, we have different amers. They wrote off their F-111 car - an honest bomber - anteater - because of this, although at one time he broke through strong air defense at ultra-low altitudes and supersonic ...
  2. kig
    kig 21 June 2017 07: 02 New
    +1
    There can be no absolute defense no matter how hard you try. It is possible to provide the protection that is as much as possible at the moment, but tomorrow there will be new means of attack. This is an endless process, the dispute of the sword and shield, shell and armor.
    1. kig
      kig 21 June 2017 07: 03 New
      +1
      I wonder if I'm in Singapore, why is the Dutch flag?
      1. corporal
        corporal 21 June 2017 07: 26 New
        30
        Quote: kig
        I wonder if I'm in Singapore, why is the Dutch flag?

        Maybe you smoked something in Holland, and you think that in Singapore? wassat wink
        1. venik
          venik 21 June 2017 09: 39 New
          +2
          Quote: Corporal
          Maybe you smoked something in Holland, and you think that in Singapore?

          ==========
          It was not necessary to pop pea soup in such quantities !!!! And even to China it was possible to "fly" .....
          1. Falcon5555
            Falcon5555 21 June 2017 15: 53 New
            +2
            Singapore is two times farther from Holland than China. So he did not "fly", but flew. fellow
        2. demo
          demo 20 October 2017 19: 01 New
          +1
          I didn’t understand for you a plus set?


          I don’t smoke for a long time.
      2. venik
        venik 21 June 2017 09: 37 New
        +4
        Quote: kig
        I wonder if I'm in Singapore, why is the Dutch flag?

        =======
        Obviously, the “moderator” decided that Singapore is a Dutch colony (well, or was it) ........
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 23 June 2017 12: 18 New
          0
          Obviously, the “moderator” decided that Singapore is a Dutch colony (well, or was it) ........

          then the British flag would have been painted, perhaps .. laughing
  3. Großer feldherr
    Großer feldherr 21 June 2017 07: 11 New
    +7
    For me personally, the question of its application remains open. An airplane of an exceptionally large nuclear war, which is supposed to strip out what ballistic missiles missed.
    Then why would he need to make his way through supersonic air defense through air defense if he needs to clean this air defense? Is it not for this rocket in 5000km gave?
    The author suggests cramming everything and a lot, because the plane is large and contains really a lot, but in reality such a "death star" will cost in space.
    1. Iline
      Iline 21 June 2017 09: 02 New
      +7
      I will support in this matter. Especially touching is the comparison of the speeds of modern fighters and a bomb. They are silent only - fighters are not going to catch up with this plane, because he flies to visit them. About
      Quote: Großer Feldherr
      because the plane is big and holds really a lot
      I can say one thing - it just seems to you that there is a lot of space in it. Almost the entire aircraft is solid fuel tanks for the sake of engine voracity and supersonic speed and two rocket compartments. But the equipment is more complicated.
      I understand that they will run the equipment under PAK DA, which is also being considered as a possible substitute, including the Tu-22M3. Then a logical question arises: why are they going to build such an amount of Black Jacks?
      There are more questions than answers. And you need to read the thoughts of interested parties in the production of something with caution.
      1. FID
        FID 21 June 2017 09: 44 New
        +8
        Money, money, money .... And, most importantly, it is budget (i.e., almost unaccountable) money. Hence the desire to declare the creation of "protection against everything" and the like.
    2. venik
      venik 21 June 2017 09: 50 New
      0
      Quote: Großer Feldherr
      An airplane of an exceptionally large nuclear war, which is supposed to strip out what ballistic missiles missed.

      ========
      Not only!!! In Syria, they did just fine with the "point" goals .... Syria, of course, is not so far from the borders of the Russian Federation, and there you can also target targets with RTOs, "Caliber", but what if further away ??? Although of course - this machine is mainly created as an element of the "triad" of nuclear deterrence.
      1. Großer feldherr
        Großer feldherr 21 June 2017 11: 53 New
        +3
        To apply it on barmaley is like hammering nails with a microscope. It’s another matter that the strategic pilots don’t make much difference whether they conduct training firing at the training ground or fly to Syria, and they also demonstrated the Russian flag.
      2. arkadiyssk
        arkadiyssk 21 June 2017 13: 58 New
        +1
        C'mon, did you cope with point targets in Syria? Tell us in more detail - has the cemetery near DayEzZor 2x2 km in size already been cleared (the one that divided the airport and the army base)? Even half a year can not bomb.
    3. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 21 June 2017 10: 59 New
      +4
      Quote: Großer Feldherr
      For me personally, the question of its application remains open. An airplane of an exceptionally large nuclear war, which is supposed to strip out what ballistic missiles missed.
      Then why would he need to make his way through supersonic air defense through air defense if he needs to clean this air defense? Is it not for this rocket in 5000km gave?

      The problem is that the 5000 km range of the Kyrgyz Republic may not be enough to operate outside the air defense radius of the North American continent. The reason is that from the north of the United States they are covered by a "pillow" of Canada with a depth of only 2-2,5 thousand km by land. - with its air defense, included in a single NORAD system.
      1. demo
        demo 20 October 2017 19: 20 New
        +1
        And how about the Americans from the south?
        It's empty. There is Mexico, which Trump was going to fence off with a wall.
        And which is not only that of anti-aircraft defense, but they also do not want to build a fence.
        So the Americans need another ten years to deploy stations in the south. Plus, a lot of hundreds of billions of dollars to throw on this business.
        And to all it is necessary to have interceptor missiles to combat maneuvering hypersonic blocks.
        About how!

        Do not sleep. Do not sleep. But we won’t smack a fever.
    4. Gogia
      Gogia 27 June 2017 17: 09 New
      0
      This aircraft is more likely to contain, although in a local conflict like the Syrian - it can manifest itself ... Why do our x15 not work with it? With a regular warhead ??? They are in storage darkness ??? Make a new head for them - to reduce the CVO and ahead! There are 16 of them in it can be caulked.
    5. 11 black
      11 black 29 January 2018 17: 43 New
      0
      Quote: Großer Feldherr
      For me personally, the question of its application remains open. An airplane of an exceptionally large nuclear war, which is supposed to strip out what ballistic missiles missed.
      Then why would he need to make his way through supersonic air defense through air defense if he needs to clean this air defense? Is it not for this rocket in 5000km gave?
      The author suggests cramming everything and a lot, because the plane is large and contains really a lot, but in reality such a "death star" will cost in space.

      With the advent of Zircon, it will be terrible for AUG.
  4. Yak28
    Yak28 21 June 2017 07: 30 New
    +5
    As I understand it, the TU-160 is planned to be used in the event of a major war from or near its territory where there is no enemy air defense, or to bombard underdeveloped countries with weak air defense like Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan flying over enemy territory, and then under the cover of other aircraft. the main task of the TU-160 is to have time to take off and not die at the airport. I vaguely imagine how the TU 160 breaks through the developed air defense of the enemy request
    1. A1845
      A1845 23 June 2017 10: 06 New
      +1
      Quote: Yak28
      As I understand it, the TU-160 is planned to be used in case of a big war from its territory or near it where there is no enemy air defense

      there can be no big war with an enemy who has no air defense
      Quote: Yak28
      bomb underdeveloped countries with weak air defense
      to deliver tents ("command posts") of the bearded - this is similar to the concept of combat use, not counting the "demonstration of presence"
      Well, and more parades, of course
  5. tchoni
    tchoni 21 June 2017 08: 06 New
    +4
    Balls, balls .... In simple cats, as they say. Well, if a little more serious, then judging by the timing of the start of testing and mass production of special breakthrough technologies on the white swan2 will not. They will deliver the best of what is available and will be satisfied with that. So the dreams of Comrade Damantseva about missiles, it is, of course, good, but unrealistic)
  6. Liberal Zionist.
    Liberal Zionist. 21 June 2017 11: 55 New
    +1
    Well, well, they have accumulated a nuclear stockpile, which is enough for five Armageddons and all is not enough. There’s nothing more to spend money on. The DPRK is afraid to touch a finger, but it is not known for certain whether they have a bomb or not.
  7. Falcon5555
    Falcon5555 21 June 2017 15: 35 New
    0
    Suppose the Americans put all this automotive equipment on their planes. What will our S-300 witness sects do then?
  8. Fan-fan
    Fan-fan 21 June 2017 18: 57 New
    +1
    It is better to invest in new airfields in order to disperse such aircraft as much as possible, because at the beginning of the war they are the first target. And one more thought - of course, launching missiles through Canada is closer and easier, but it is also possible through the Pacific Ocean, the range allows. But the author’s reasoning, I didn’t understand why this aircraft needs high speed, is it going to break away from interceptors? High speed - high fuel consumption and lower range. It’s better to raise the range than speed.
    1. Gogia
      Gogia 27 June 2017 17: 13 New
      0
      Duck duty aircraft must take off in time. If the situation escalates, they will be loaded, and the crews will sit inside and wait for the team. And as for the great speed - It was made to break through the air defense on the smallest on supersonic. At the same time, when flying at an altitude of 50 m, our experimental soldiers say that the poor were written and even coddled. I heard this story from a worker .Окб. And the sound pressure was such that it wasn’t just that it’s not possible to shoot a stinger, you can’t even distinguish AK from logs ....
  9. HEATHER
    HEATHER 21 June 2017 19: 49 New
    +4
    I agree about PAK. Dozvukova — we need him as a civilian carrier of passengers to hard-to-reach areas. Arrange a normal cabin instead of a bomb-bay and go ahead. And if you put on skis even in winter, there will be no equal to the pepelats! You can sit on Baikal and on the Yenisei , where it freezes. In any clearing, the size of 5-6 football fields. In general, take into service the newly restored AN-2 and you will have unlimited happiness. You can drag almost two tons. PACK YES-subsonic! wassat
    1. A1845
      A1845 23 June 2017 10: 01 New
      +1
      Quote: VERESK
      In general, adopt the newly restored AN-2

      Oh, forgot about the hard worker PO-2!
      that’s where it was stealth, at night it could fly overhead (with the engine turned off), no one will notice ..
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. snc
    snc 22 June 2017 10: 58 New
    0
    IMHO, the main purpose of our DA, except as part of the triad, is the fight against sea targets. And for this, strategists are very suitable.
    And developing the idea of ​​superBCO, it is logical, having such powerful radars to attack fighters going to intercept before they reach the line of missile launch.
    Perhaps one machine from the strike group should deal exclusively with air defense tasks and have only air-to-air missiles in the ammunition set.
    1. Walanin
      Walanin 22 June 2017 14: 46 New
      +1
      Quote: snc
      it is logical, having such powerful radars to attack fighters going to intercept before they reach the line of missile launch.

      There are no radars there. What are you going to attack?
      Quote: snc
      Perhaps one machine from the strike group should deal exclusively with air defense tasks and have only air-to-air missiles in the ammunition set.

      there will be a fat and expensive target for the F-35
    2. Gogia
      Gogia 27 June 2017 17: 15 New
      0
      Look WIKI was the project TU-160 - as a strategic or heavy interceptor. You can place dozens of medium-range and long-range missiles in it, and in conjunction with AWACS you can work on cruise missiles.
  12. Metlik
    Metlik 22 June 2017 15: 18 New
    0
    With the quantitative and qualitative superiority of the US Air Force, the primary task is to gain air supremacy. Until this task is resolved, sending bombers is too risky. The author is absolutely right - such an expensive and technologically advanced aircraft should be used in defense and support of fighter aircraft.
  13. A1845
    A1845 23 June 2017 10: 11 New
    +1
    Unfortunately, our specialists from PJSC Tupolev, after consulting with representatives of the Moscow Region and the VKS command, decided to follow the "state" concept of promising strategic aviation of the next generation (a machine whose glider is designed according to the "flying wing" scheme will be subsonic)

    were these dad officials employed?
    probably thought for a long time how to repeat the path from B1 to B2 ...
  14. nikoliski
    nikoliski 18 May 2018 00: 14 New
    -1
    For me, to fly to the Pacific Ocean (or the North Pole in the Arctic), launch cruise missiles there (Putin said that the Kh-55s have been modernized, now a new strategic cruise missile will fly almost 5000 km) and it’s quite enough to retire Tu-160.