Battle module BM-03
The developer of the NPO Elektromashina JSC, which is part of the Uralvagonzavod research and production corporation, became the developer of the new combat system. Within the framework of the Army-2016 international military-technical forum, this organization presented a number of new developments in various fields. New variants of power plants, power units, etc. were demonstrated. In addition, the exhibition included combat systems, including a remote-controlled module of the new model BM-03.
The goal of the BM-03 project was standard for such developments. The project proposes a system suitable for installation on various armored combat vehicles. Having received a new combat module, the vehicle has the ability to defend against various threats with its small weapons. In addition, a number of characteristic features of the product to some extent facilitate the operation and maintenance, as well as use in combat conditions. As follows from the published data, in the project BM-03 all the latest developments and ideas in the field of remotely controlled combat modules were combined.
To date, the project BM-03 reached the construction and demonstration of the prototype model. In the near future, a full-fledged prototype should appear, which in the future will also be able to become an exhibit of various military-technical exhibitions.
The latest project of the combat module and plans for its showing at the nearest exhibition became known on the last day of summer. 31 August NPO "Electromashina" published a press release on the participation of the company in the future exhibition "Army-2016". It was reported that the stand of the organization will show various developments in various areas, including two combat modules. One of them, BM-02, was planned to show installed on the armored car "Typhoon-U", and the second was to be located on the stand. A little later, NPO Elektromashina and the Uralvagonzavod corporation several times mentioned the newest combat module in their press releases.
When creating a new project, existing trends were taken into account, which led to maximum localization of production. At the moment, about 90% of the components of the combat module, including the control system, electric drives, etc., are produced by domestic enterprises. Also, work is underway to change the two nodes, which are still based on imported components. Upon completion of the finalization of the project, the localization level will be increased to 100%.
At a recent military-technical forum, the developer organization presented a prototype model of a promising combat module, equipped with a machine gun. This product shows that the general provisions of the project have long been defined. This, to a certain extent, brings the BM-03 system closer to testing under the conditions of a landfill, including on the basis of one or another sample of self-propelled equipment.
Layout BM-03 in the exposure. Photo NPO "Electromashina" / Npoelm.ru
The project BM-03 proposes the construction of a combat module in the form of a single system designed for mounting on the roof of the basic equipment. In this case, all units of the module are placed outside the case, which allows you to do without allocating space for them. Nevertheless, additional ammunition of the combat module should still be transported inside the carrier vehicle. The combat module has two main units: a turntable and a small turret with weapons and optical-electronic systems.
Installation on the base armored vehicle is proposed to be made using a turntable. It has a cylindrical body, on the bottom of which there is a ring with holes for bolts. On the upper part of the device there are fastenings for the weapon system, ensuring its horizontal guidance. In the same place, apparently, the part of the drives of targeting operated by means of the remote panel is located.
On the upper part of the support unit is attached housing with weapons. All units of this block are covered with a casing of complex shape, formed by several smooth surfaces. Provides wedge-shaped upper frontal part with a cutout for mounting weapons, angled cheek sheets and other units. The central part of the module is given under the U-shaped design with supports for the rocking machine-gun installation. On the sides of the breech of the weapon two units of special equipment are mounted. The left side of the rotary part of the module has attachments for the cartridge box.
The combat module is equipped with a rocking system with attachments for a heavy machine gun of one of the existing models of domestic production. Vertical guidance is carried out using appropriate drives. An important feature of the module BM-03 is the use of a two-plane stabilizer, ensuring the preservation of pickups in different conditions. The weapons system is equipped with devices for supplying ammunition to weapons, as well as means of automatic reloading at the command of the operator.
A box placed on the left side of the combat module can hold up to 250 cartridges 12,7x108 mm. Ammunition is placed in a single tape and with the help of the built-in tools of the module are fed to the machine gun. Directly from the box, the cartridge belt is fed to the receiving device of the machine-gun installation, swinging with it. The system of rollers and tray provides the correct supply of ammunition to the weapon.
The product is equipped with a block of opto-electronic equipment. Photo Vestnik-rm.ru
As an additional ammunition, it is proposed to use ribbons for 150 cartridges stored inside the protected vehicle carrier. The reduced size of the additional tapes to some extent facilitates recharging systems. The total ammunition of the BM-03 combat module, according to the developers, can reach 1000 cartridges - one “long” ribbon in the module's box and five “short” ones in the armored vehicle layouts.
A swinging unit with opto-electronic equipment is placed on the right side of the combat module. With it, it is proposed to search for targets and aiming weapons. In accordance with current trends, the module is equipped with a camera and a thermal imager, which allows it to effectively solve tasks at any time of the day and regardless of weather conditions. For a more accurate determination of the position of the target and the development of appropriate amendments, the optoelectronic equipment unit is equipped with a laser range finder.
The main means of controlling the combat module of the new model is the console, located on the workplace of the gunner operator. The video signal from the optics of the module is displayed on the console screen, and the controls allow you to perform certain operations. In case of damage to the control systems or the lack of power supply, the project provides additional controls. In this case, it is proposed to use mechanical devices placed directly on the module. With their help, basic operations on the use of weapons can be carried out, although with less efficiency in comparison with the standard electronic systems.
The firing characteristics of a prospective combat module are determined, first of all, by the model of the machine gun used. At the same time, it is the equipment of the combat module that is responsible for some parameters. In particular, the use of a machine gun day and night in all weather conditions is provided by means of observation in the form of several optical-electronic devices. The use of a two-plane stabilizer, in turn, greatly enhances the module's capabilities when firing on the move. The possibility of hitting targets at a range of 1 km when shooting at vehicle speeds up to 30 km / h.
As reported, a promising remotely controlled combat module BM-03 developed by NPO Electromashina at the time of the exhibition "Army-2016" was at the stage of the last design work. The project was already ready to build a mock-up sample with its subsequent demonstration to specialists and the general public. Nevertheless, it was still necessary to complete some work, without which a new product could not be made in a complete set. Among other things, the specialists of the development organization were engaged in finalizing the project, aimed at the complete rejection of foreign components.
The left view, visible box for ammunition and means of supplying ammunition to the weapon. Photo Vestnik-rm.ru
In the proposed form, the combat module BM-03 is of particular interest for various customers. This product due to its small size and weight, can be installed on various armored vehicles, including lightweight class. The use of traditional for modern modules of control and guidance systems, as well as the use of a large-caliber machine gun, must ensure a sufficiently high combat effectiveness. One of the carriers of the module can become armored cars of the "Typhoon-U" family. Thus, during the Army-2016 forum, a sample of such a vehicle with the BM-02 combat module, which was the immediate predecessor of the newest BM-03, was demonstrated.
It is argued that the main features of the design, weapons and ammunition of the new module were agreed with the military department. This may indicate that the Russian Ministry of Defense already has certain plans for the BM-03 product and wants to install it on certain types of equipment. However, the list of possible carriers of the new weapon system has not yet been announced. You can only make assumptions based on the well-known characteristics of the combat module and modern domestic technology.
Over the past few years, the domestic defense industry has achieved notable success in the development of remotely controlled combat modules. At present, this leads to the regular appearance of new projects of such equipment, intended for use on various equipment and with various weapon systems. One of the newest models of this trend was the module BM-03, first presented at a recent exhibition. Obviously, it will not be the last such domestic development.
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