September 2 - Russian Guard Day

The calendar of holidays of the Russian Federation tells us all that the Day of Knowledge (September 1) is replaced by the Day of the Russian Guard. How can this be so? - the uninitiated reader might think - on the basis of a presidential decree, Rosgvardiy only appeared this year as an independent combat-ready formation, and does it already have its own professional holiday?

In fact, we are talking about the Russian Guard in the broad sense of the word. We are talking about all the representatives of the military elite, the holiday which was established by presidential decree in 2000 year in order to revive and develop the national military traditions and enhance the prestige of military service. At the same time in 2000, the holiday appeared in honor of the 300 anniversary of the Guard, the first formation of which took place during the reign of Peter I.

September 2 - Russian Guard Day

From archival documents it was found that the first mention of the guards in Russia was used precisely in 1700 - September 2 (August 22 according to the old style). The source of the first mention is historical annals of the Russian army. It reports on the participation of the guard units in military campaigns in Azov and Narva.

From archival materials:
Name the Preobrazhensky and Semenovsky regiments of the Life Guard from September 2 (August 22 old style) 1700 of the year.

For more than two centuries, guards units of the Russian Imperial Army brought glory to the Russian arms, winning victories in various wars. From the battles with the Swedes during the Northern War to the battles of the First World War. However, after the Bolsheviks came to power, it was decided to abolish the very concept of “guard”, since, in the understanding of the new government, it did not fit the interpretation of the image of the Red Army. Elite Guards parts ceased to exist.

The timelessness for the domestic guard lasted about 23 years. In the fall of 1941, the supreme leadership had the idea of ​​highlighting the most distinguished military units in battles against the Nazis. The idea found its speedy realization: the 100, 127, 153 and 161 rifle divisions received the honorary title of the Guard for their courage and heroism shown during the battle of Yelnia. The divisions assigned the names 1, 2, 3, and 4 of the Guards and handed the guards banners.

At the time of the liberation of Yelnya, the 100 Division, along with three other guards, was commanded by Major General Ivan Russiyanov. In November 1942, the 1 Division was transformed into the 1 Division of the Mechanized Guards. Corps under the command of the same General Russiyanov participated in the Battle of Stalingrad, the battles for the Donbass, Zaporozhye, Kirovograd. The Great Patriotic War, the military personnel of the 1 Guards Corps was completed in Hungary and Austria.

For the Guards, a special day is not only 2 of September, but also 21 of May. The fact is that on this day in 1942, the Guard badge was established.

On the same day, a system of guards ranks was introduced. At the end of World War II, the army had 11 combined arms and 6 tank guards armies, 40 rifle, 14 aviation, 12 tank, 9 mechanized and 7 cavalry guards corps. Divisions, brigades, ships received the guards status.

Fighters of the Guards formations showed heroism after the Great Patriotic War - in the so-called local armed conflicts through which our country was forced to pass: Afghanistan, the Chechen Republic.

Today, more than one and a half hundred units and formations of the army and fleet Russia are guards. The very notion of “guardsman” means a focus on self-improvement, courage, an example of discipline and self-organization. The Guard has long been synonymous with heroism, loyalty and military labor for the good of the Fatherland.

Early Guards traditions are also being revived. Thus, on August 19, on the feast of the Transfiguration of the Lord, the Preobrazhensky Regiment, restored in April 2013 by presidential decree, was presented with guards symbols — the order ribbon of the Guards banner of 1838 and the officer’s regiment of Life Guards.

"Military Review" congratulates the servicemen and veterans of the Guard units and formations on the holiday!
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  1. +2
    2 September 2016 06: 37
    The guard is the foundation of our army.
    1. +2
      2 September 2016 06: 51
      this is the foundation
      Actually, there has always been an elite. wink
  2. +5
    2 September 2016 07: 07

    Congratulations to the military and veterans of the guard units and formations on the holiday!
    The elite of our army, selected troops,
    A grateful service from heaven has been entrusted to you.
    So may strong forces always go forward
    For the good of our country, praise and honor to you!
    You always be worthy of the title
    Keeping the covenants true, and fear always forget.
    Let your heart be betrayed, your mind be brave
    And the true banner blows over a peaceful country.
  3. +7
    2 September 2016 07: 32
    The guard was the elite of the army in tsarist times, and during the Great Patriotic War, degradation went on, traditions were violated, replaced by Marxist-Leninist training. This was a gross mistake. As a result, the guards were no different from other parts (without pedigree)
  4. +6
    2 September 2016 07: 40
    For more than 30 years I have kept the guards sign. Just not the same as in the photo .. Copper, post-war. Father personally screwed his tunic when he saw on my "Guard". Happy holiday guards! drinks
  5. +3
    2 September 2016 08: 05
    I join the congratulations of "Military Review"
  6. +8
    2 September 2016 08: 29
    Happy Holidays! love

    Long live our guard
    What since the days of Peter the Great
    And Russian honor and courage,
    Keeps under the blow of blades.

    You are the best guys
    You are the warriors of our land
    I wish our homeland
    You could always protect!
  7. +1
    2 September 2016 08: 37
    Guards just do not become! This is a high rank, and selection is also needed there - it's like getting a maroon biret, and not the military enlistment office sent a burdock and you ... bang guardsman hero !!!
  8. +6
    2 September 2016 08: 53
    Quote: taseka
    Guards just do not become!

    It was so with us. An officer meeting was held during the day, and they decided whether the officer was worthy of the assignment of this rank. As a result, a decision was made. One was never assigned. There were few guards badges, and many soldiers went without them. And when the task was set, it sounded:
    - Fighters all the Guards badge!
    It seemed that they were ready, even now, in the bayonet to Washington!
    Happy Holidays!
    1. +2
      2 September 2016 09: 24
      Thank you for the march !!!
  9. +5
    2 September 2016 08: 55
    All guards - happy holidays! Today we have every right to "People's Commissars".
    In Minsk there is a street named in honor of General Russiyanov - the commander of the 100th Rifle Division (before the war, was stationed in Uruchye), it was his division, which distinguished itself in heavy fighting of the 41st year, became the 1st Guards Division.
  10. +3
    2 September 2016 09: 19
    Happy holiday, comrades Guardsmen!
  11. +4
    2 September 2016 09: 22

    Still hanging on a tunic.
    Happy holiday to all who served and serve in the guard!
  12. +1
    2 September 2016 09: 49
    I join in the congratulations. Happy Holiday Guards!
  13. 0
    2 September 2016 12: 16
    it is revered when I hear the word guards; I’ll cut it;
  14. +2
    2 September 2016 12: 18
    request this is ...........
  15. +3
    2 September 2016 13: 32
    I had the honor to join. 180th Guards Fighter Stalingrad Red Banner Aviation Regiment. Congratulations!!!
  16. +3
    2 September 2016 14: 37
    Happy Holiday, Guards!
    Special Forces Liaison Unit of the Federal Guard Service of the Russian Federation Guards Order of the Red Star military unit 28677.
  17. +4
    2 September 2016 15: 44
    Happy holiday, guards !!! 343 and 288 Guards Tank Regiments of the 32th Guards Tank Division of the 20th Guards OA (GSVG); Management of the 122th Guards MRS (SibVO).
  18. +4
    2 September 2016 21: 11
    He was worthy of honor to serve in the 235 Guards Yass Motorized Rifle Regiment of the 81 Guards Krasnograd Motorized Rifle Division. I keep the guard badge. Awarding the sign is marked on the record on the military card.
  19. +3
    2 September 2016 22: 54
    Happy Holiday, Guard !!! Grandfather fought in 154 StrD, from 1943 - 47 Guards StrD, Ulyanovts. Once again, Vivat, Guard !!!
  20. +1
    3 September 2016 08: 53
    Happy holiday. I read a lot about the guard regiments. Personalities of Peter and his contribution.
    The novel "Peter the First" is one of my favorite books.
    We just had City Day, so belatedly congratulated. We turned 222 years old.
  21. +2
    4 September 2016 06: 16
    Quote: taseka
    Guards just do not become!

    And how! With the creation of the RosGvardia, this holiday became a nationwide one. The number of the "new" guard is commensurate with the number of ground forces. Just with the help of a pen, for example, some kind of OMON was transferred to the Guard (and even Ros)! laughing request hi
  22. VB
    4 September 2016 16: 00
    Congratulations to all GUARDS! "The Guard is dying, but not giving up!"
  23. 0
    8 September 2016 22: 23
    We now have two guards. One is the old guard since WWII, the other is the national guard. (National), or maybe - a multinational guard .. Obviously hurried. He served in a regular regiment, 886 Stalingrad Red Banner Separate Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment. Great regiment. I want to emphasize, unfortunately, I did not see any difference between the guards and ordinary units. Combat training, armament and manning are one and the same. With one stroke of the pen, the personnel officer directs you to serve in the guards unit according to the order. Is that a reward? Or from the guard to the usual. Is that punishment? In the uniform hole from the badge in memory of the guard. I am for such a guard, which would be a big reward for excellent service, and not according to the order of the personnel officer or the doom. With the newly-minted NG, one can already feel that this beautiful title will chat and its great value will be lost.

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