Military Review

Day of special communication of Russia. When cargo is under reliable protection

August 1 in the Russian Federation celebrates the Day of the formation of the Special Communication Service of Russia. This is a professional holiday for all couriers of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "The Main Center for Special Communications", as well as for service veterans and civilian workers.

Day of special communication of Russia. When cargo is under reliable protection

History The day of special communication is rooted in the Soviet past. 17 June 1939 was adopted by the Council of People's Commissars of the Soviet Union "On the reorganization of courier communication NKVD of the USSR." In accordance with this decree, from the composition of courier communications of the NKVD of the USSR a special connection of the People’s Commissariat of Communications was separated into a separate structure. She had to deal with the transportation of secret and top secret correspondence, as well as precious metals from the center to the regions and back. Orders at that time were executed quickly, and already on August 1, special communications began to fulfill their direct duties for transporting secret correspondence. In parallel, a whole range of regulatory documents regulating the activities of the special communications of the People's Commissariat of Communications of the USSR was developed.

In fact, services delivering important correspondence appeared in the country much earlier. In the 1796 year, under Emperor Paul I, the famous Courier Corps was created. The October Revolution, which destroyed the managerial and power structures of the Russian Empire, did not eliminate the need to deliver secret reports and documents. Moreover, in the new conditions, given the industrialization and life surrounded by hostile powers, this need became much more distinct. Therefore, courier communication continued to exist, engaged in the delivery of secret documentation of the party organs, transportation of precious metals, securities of the USSR State Bank, and so on. In the end, it became obvious to the leadership of the country and the party that courier communication could no longer meet the needs of all departments at once, therefore it was decided to divide it into two services. The competence of the NKVD courier service left the delivery of secret correspondence of the highest Soviet, party and military bodies, and the People's Commissariat of Communications transferred the delivery of secret and top secret correspondence of other departments, transportation of precious metals and securities. It was these tasks that formed the Central Directorate of Special Communications of the USSR People's Commissariat of Communications.

The problem of staffing the service decided fairly quickly. About 12 of thousands of people were transferred from the NKVD to the People's Commissariat of Communications - courier attendants, freight forwarders, technical and administrative staff. Accordingly, the necessary material and technical property, including automobiles and firearms, was transferred to the People's Commissariat of Communications. weapon - after all, the transportation of secret correspondence demanded that the courier lodges be able to protect themselves in the event of an attack by criminals or enemy agents. By 1940, the number of special communications workers of the USSR Commissariat of Communications has increased to 15,9 thousand people. The Central Directorate of Special Communications included the 7 divisions and the 1 division, as well as divisions and divisions in the republics, territories and regions of the Soviet Union, branches and special communications points in selected localities of the USSR.

The beginning of the Great Patriotic War, of course, made its very noticeable adjustments to the daily work of the special connection. First, the office of the Central Directorate for Special Communications was evacuated from Moscow to Ufa — along with the entire apparatus of the People’s Commissariat of Communications. In the capital, there remained only production departments and operational groups of the NCC. Secondly, in connection with the start of the war, couriers and freight forwarders were transferred to the barracks situation - in a war, they had to perform their duties much more often. After all, special correspondence had to constantly carry both to the front and to the rear - from the front. In the first year of the war alone, the special communication service delivered 38,7 million packages of secret and top secret correspondence. A special group of feldjegers was seconded to the Headquarters of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief; similar groups operated at the headquarters of the fronts and individual armies. In addition, special communications were charged with the duties of receiving and sending out shipments with food cards. During the war years, the work of special communications for the transportation of precious metals mined beyond the Urals was of great importance. From 1944, the NCC provided delivery of packages with government bonds to savings banks.

During the war years, the NCC faced a certain personnel shortage, as hundreds of special communications service officers went to the front as volunteers. And the most valuable cadres left - young combat-ready men. Therefore, the main burden during the Great Patriotic War fell on the shoulders of couriers and forwarders of older age, as well as women, who also began to be actively involved in the service in a special connection. At the same time, the volume of special correspondence passing through the service increased many times, which was also associated with a very intensive document flow between government agencies and enterprises evacuated from the European part of the USSR to the Urals. Many institutions in a specific period could be on the move to the place of evacuation, and this further complicated the work of the special communication service. As for military units and subdivisions, they were generally in constant movement, but this did not exempt the special contacts from the duty of delivering valuable documentation and other important goods.

Delivery of correspondence was carried out both by car, and on foot or by passing cars. Drivers of passing cars were obliged to drive special communications officers, and this obligation extended to front-line zones. Sometimes couriers and forwarders traveled under enemy fire, there were cases - which flew behind enemy lines on airplanes. A special place was occupied by the delivery of correspondence to besieged cities. So, during the siege of Leningrad, 25 routes were organized that led to the city. The route also ran through Lake Ladoga - along the famous Road of Life. Special forces followed in passing vehicles of military units, sometimes on airplanes. The delivery of secret correspondence to and from Stalingrad was also carried out. After most enterprises and organizations were evacuated from the city besieged by the Nazis, a special communications task force was formed. She was tasked with ensuring regular communication with the city. Special communications officers daily transported special correspondence across the Volga — to Stalingrad and vice versa, to the headquarters of military units and formations of the Red Army. The transportation of the Red Banner of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee with the inscription “Red Tsaritsyn” from the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, which was handed over to the city in 1919 and was stored until the siege of the city in the museum, became an honorary task for special communications officers. The banner was to be sent along the route Leninsk - Saratov, and then transported to the Nikolaev Regional Party Committee. But on the Vladimirovka – Verkhniy Baskunchak section, the train in which the couriers traveling the banner rode came under Hitler’s bombing aviation. The courier and the head of the Voroshilovgrad special communications department died, but the banner and valuable correspondence survived.

An important task was the restoration of the special communication system in the territory of the Soviet Union, which was liberated from the Nazi occupiers. To accomplish the task of restoring special communications, 10 special groups were created, which, together with the Soviet troops, moved west and dealt with the most important tasks of providing special communications with the liberated territories. In the shortest possible time, it was possible to restore the special communication system right up to the borders of the Soviet Union with Poland. Of course, the system itself, which existed in those years in the Soviet Union, played its role, but the dignity of the special communication staff directly involved in restoring the uninterrupted work of the NQF departments and divisions in the liberated territories cannot be derogated. After victory in the Great Patriotic War, a special group of special communications was set up to serve the USSR Military Mission in Berlin. For the delivery of correspondence, a daily flight connection between Berlin and Moscow was organized.

Like many other state services, in the post-war years, Soviet special communications were further developed and steadily improved. The first changes in the special communication system followed immediately after the war. In 1947, the courier service was reassigned to the USSR Ministry of the Interior, and its competence also included servicing the USSR Council of Ministers and the delivery of correspondence from defense ministries and state committees. From 1958, the courier service was responsible for the delivery of technical documentation and products outside the USSR for the countries of the socialist bloc. In April of the year 1960, when the decision was made to abolish the Federal Ministry of the Interior and transfer its functions to republican ministries, the courier service under his command was transferred to the USSR Ministry of Communications.

Thus, the Ministry of Communications found two special services at once - courier service and special communication service. This situation led to a discussion of the possibility of combining the two services into one, especially since their functional responsibilities overlapped in many ways. But already 23 in May 1961, it was decided to establish a courier communication department, and in 1968, the Office of courier communication service under the USSR Ministry of Communications. This department was in charge of providing courier communications by the central party and government bodies, defense enterprises, the Ministry of Defense and state committees under the USSR Council of Ministers. At the same time, a special connection continued to exist, which in 1988 was transformed into the self-supporting enterprise “Main Center for Special Communications” within the USSR Ministry of Communications.

The Russian Federation inherited this structure almost unchanged. In 1994, the Regulation on the Main Center for Special Communications was adopted, which regulates the specifics of the activities of this structure. In addition to the main task - ensuring the delivery of secret and top secret correspondence, the Main Center for Special Communications provides a fairly wide range of services for receiving, processing, storing and delivering valuable and especially valuable cargo, securities, artistic and cultural values. In particular, the competence of the structure includes the transportation of parcels with gold and silver medals for graduates of secondary schools of the Russian Federation, it is also responsible for the transport of blank passports for citizens of the Russian Federation. Sometimes employees of the GCC participate in truly historical operations. For example, in 2006, it was the Department of Special Communications for St. Petersburg that transported 7 million 200 thousand units of storage of phonodes and property of the Russian State Historical Archive to a new archive building. In 2011, special communications personnel transported the picture of the world-famous Rembrandt “The Unbelief of the Apostle Thomas” to Paris, where an exhibition was held in the Louvre.

The main special communication center includes the 72 administration and 180 branches and reception points, and its geography covers the entire territory of the Russian Federation. Special communication officers transport valuable cargo and documents by various means of transport - airplanes, railway transport, cars, including armored ones. Special communication guarantees the delivery of valuable goods to any locality, and in a very short time, which makes its use very advantageous in case of need for prompt delivery of documents or goods. At the disposal of Russian special communications - a large number of trucks, cars, armored cars. In addition, given the specificity of the service, it also has its own impressive arsenal of firearms.

As part of a special relationship today serve a variety of employees. This is a purely civilian specialists of different profiles - accountants, lawyers, programmers, engineers. This is the courier, the ones who serve with arms, in which case risking their own lives for the sake of the safety of the delivered goods. Among them are many former military personnel and employees of the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Federal Security Service, the Federal Security Service and other federal law enforcement agencies. The requirement of experience in the army, law enforcement, or, at least, work in the collection service or private security, is decisive for candidates for couriers, carrying valuable goods and documentation. However, despite the great importance of the service, she also has certain problems. First of all, we are talking about wages, which cannot be called high, despite the impressive scope and great importance of the functions performed. They say about the lack of people in the offices, which, again, may be due to financial difficulties.

At the same time, even in such difficult conditions, special communication officers continue to honestly carry out their difficult service, delivering valuable cargoes and correspondence to the addressees. The most respectable are, of course, the couriers and drivers themselves - that is, those who are directly responsible for the delivery of goods and documentation, sometimes risking their lives for the safety of the property transferred to them. On a holiday, it remains to wish the staff of the Main Center for Special Communications to always honestly do their work, to be less in situations of increased risk and, of course, increase the pay for their hard and responsible work.
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  1. Alex_Rarog
    Alex_Rarog 1 August 2016 06: 47
    Happy holiday! Let your affairs not be noticeable but they are extremely important!
  2. aszzz888
    aszzz888 1 August 2016 07: 00
    Deliver regularly and on time. Happy holiday, specialists! drinks
  3. BOB044
    BOB044 1 August 2016 07: 15
    Day of special communication of Russia. When cargo is under reliable protection
    Happy holiday YOU. I got a special shotgun connection when I bought it. So I express my personal gratitude to the special communications workers. good
    1. Dryuya2
      Dryuya2 1 August 2016 11: 09
      Quote: BOB044
      I got a special shotgun connection when I bought it.

      a friend once served in this "office" - he said: -
      raised at 2 am "men, urgently need to go to Tula", my friend
      the youngest with the words "always ready" and flew away, drove to the address, took some "box" under the signature and go ahead.
      arrived at the destination, met State Duma deputy with words :
      "Oh, my favorite spinners have brought, thank you guys, I will also have time for the morning dawn", signed for the receipt, even shook his hand smile
      Happy holiday!
      1. APASUS
        APASUS 1 August 2016 16: 20
        Quote: Dryuya2
        a friend once served in this "office" - he said: -

        According to one friend:
        The most unpleasant thing in this service is when they drop you off at an unknown railway station at 4 o'clock in the night and you push the cart in front of you and silence around, although we are trained people, but sometimes it becomes very unpleasant.
        Happy Holidays!
  4. inkass_98
    inkass_98 1 August 2016 07: 17
    Well, to be completely honest, then actually today is Collector's Day laughing drinks .
  5. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 1 August 2016 07: 34
    For most of my conscious life I had to deal with Special Communication and Courier Service. Their work is responsible and requires, in addition to all attention and scrupulousness. Happy holiday!
  6. alex67
    alex67 1 August 2016 07: 57
    Happy holiday, specialists!
    Your work is not visible, but necessary!
    drinks soldier bully
  7. Masya masya
    Masya masya 1 August 2016 09: 10
    There are many professions
    In the world, friends!
    Without them, our life
    And you can’t imagine!
    But our calling
    Valued doubly!
    We are important goods
    We drive around the country!

    Reliability and accuracy
    That is our motto!
    Where is the word and deed
    Forever merged!
    Where loyalty to the homeland
    Where is brotherhood and honor!
    Where is something holy
    Still there!

    Special communication! Special communication!
    Our Glory across Russia flashed!
    Special communication! Special communication!
    We are the elite!
    We are a team!
    We are Special Communication!
  8. polk-66
    polk-66 1 August 2016 09: 11
    Happy holiday to you specialists!
  9. Madlinx
    Madlinx 1 August 2016 09: 28
    Happy Holidays!
    You still have work to do!
  10. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 1 August 2016 09: 41
    With all my heart I congratulate the Courier Service of Russia !!!
    Health to all employees and success in an important matter !!!

    I learned a lot from the article for myself. Many thanks to the author!
    1. alpamys
      alpamys 1 August 2016 11: 08
      Quote: Reptiloid
      With all my heart I congratulate the Courier Service of Russia !!!

      is this the official name ??? like the Germans belay
    2. Darth Vader
      Darth Vader 1 August 2016 13: 28
      I want to make an amendment .... The Courier Service of Russia is the SFS (State Courier Service), is part of the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. GCCS (Main Center for Special Communications) is a structure within the Ministry of Communications .... These, as they say in Odessa, are two big differences ...))))
      1. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 2 August 2016 10: 43
        Quote: Darth Vader
        I want to make an amendment .... The Courier Service of Russia is the SFS (State Courier Service), is part of the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. GCCS (Main Center for Special Communications) is a structure within the Ministry of Communications .... These, as they say in Odessa, are two big differences ...))))

        Moreover, the article about this difference and the existence of two structures (Courier Service and Special Communication) is mentioned repeatedly - starting with the second paragraph. smile
  11. your1970
    your1970 1 August 2016 09: 56
    Grandfather after the commissioning (he was blown up by a mine, his leg was whole, but bent very badly) in 1943 he served in special communications by mail, two swing horses, a gun and a carbine. He brought in mainly money and letters.
    The main thing for the family were horses. There were two greyhounds from before the war. Grandfather took one to the saddle and to the steppe, a hare and even two welding, changed, survived in one word.
  12. japs
    japs 1 August 2016 10: 00
    Happy holiday, dear special communications. From the former courier of the Khimki knot.
  13. Des10
    Des10 1 August 2016 13: 27
    Yes, only for - a holiday!
    Another question - were there any attempts to remove this "mail" in the foreseeable time ago ???
    Who inside the Russian Federation is attacking couriers (attacked) now?
    For example - attacks on collectors and ... the result. Those. when flying on a courier - it will protect, but - they will take away the parcel, like the collection bags.
    Who saw their "service" - understand --- they are only protection from gopniks. Oh yes, and it is urgent to carry guns with spinners (see above, but it's a joke :)).
    In the USSR, diplomatic couriers - I remember. There were.
    1. your1970
      your1970 1 August 2016 18: 10
      Quote: Des10
      Yes, only for - a holiday!
      Another question - were there any attempts to remove this "mail" in the foreseeable time ago ???
      Who inside the Russian Federation is attacking couriers (attacked) now?
      For example - attacks on collectors and ... the result. Those. when flying on a courier - it will protect, but - they will take away the parcel, like the collection bags.
      Who saw their "service" - understand --- they are only protection from gopniks. Oh yes, and it is urgent to carry guns with spinners (see above, but it's a joke :)).
      In the USSR, diplomatic couriers - I remember. There were.

      Expediency of an attack on special communications ?? take away secret documents? try to take away cargo with precious metals? to take away hunting weapons? - the first and third are impractical from the point of view of the robbers, the second, well, I think, are not fools sitting - organizing transportation people ...
      Collectors are always money and big ..
      Z.Y. when my grandfather shot the attackers, he tied them to the horse and dragged them about 25 kilometers in the snow. So they drove into the regional department like firewood - they were so frozen. They gave a tower to both (desertion (1943g.) + an attack on a representative of the authorities during execution) - and quite by the way they could rehabilitate posthumously after the 90s - there was article 58, political ...
      Without armored cars, machine guns, body armor, communications, od
      in the middle of the steppe, almost one-legged - fought off two armed bandits. So everything depends on the person, collectors also happen to shoot successfully ..
  14. Darth Vader
    Darth Vader 1 August 2016 13: 36
    inkass_98 Well, to be completely honest, today is actually the day of the collector

    To be honest, today is the Day of Icassation and the Day of Special Communications. They were formed on the same day - August 1, 1939. So with the holiday of all collectors and special communications staff! drinks
    And I have a double holiday, since I am a courier in the c / p of the collection department ... drinks drinks
  15. zip100
    zip100 1 August 2016 19: 13
    All colleagues with a holiday !!! OSS in the Krasnodar Territory.
  16. code54
    code54 1 August 2016 21: 31
    Holiday is good! Congratulations!
    but the picture killed a little! .. what kind of thermal box with pizza in the hands of a girl?
  17. Symphony
    Symphony 2 August 2016 11: 14
    A special communications vehicle, Ford Focus, often comes to our office center. And there, shorter, she barely barely crawls out of the passenger seat, the mega-thick-ass Madame. And every time I stand and think, but how does she fit in the car and walks by herself? With the past! And the picture is of course a complete paragraph, at first I thought what an SS man does with a woman and a box in her hands?
  18. Kibl
    Kibl 2 August 2016 15: 10
    I remember in Soviet times there was such a film "Red diplomatic couriers". It was a good movie.