Military Review

Hot Arab Spring 2011 of the year

39
In the newest history 2011 will enter the year as the year of the “Arab Spring” - popular unrest, sweeping across a number of countries in the Middle East and North Africa that brought devastating political and socio-economic changes in these countries.


The beginning of the “Arab Spring” was laid in January 2011 in Tunisia, where, after stormy street protests, President Ben-Ali, who ruled the country 23 of the year, was forced to give up power and flee to Saudi Arabia.

In January-February, unrest spread to Egypt, Bahrain, Yemen, Libya, Syria, where mass demonstrations against the existing regimes organized by the opposition took place. In Tunisia, Egypt, Bahrain and Yemen, the main reasons for anti-government protests were internal factors: the socio-economic crisis, the corruption of the ruling elite, the lack of real democratic freedoms, ethnic and confessional contradictions. Coups in these countries occurred without open outside interference and relatively bloodless.

In Libya and Syria, in contrast to Tunisia, Egypt, Bahrain and Yemen, there was no acute socio-economic and political crisis. The main factor of confrontation in these countries was armed opposition groups that wanted to overthrow the existing power and organized popular demonstrations on a wide variety of reasons.

Muammar Gaddafi and Bashar Asad did not want to be led by popular unrest and entered into an open armed confrontation with supporters of change. At the same time, an external factor played a decisive role in the confrontation - support from outside forces.

Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

The riots that began in 15 in February 2011 in Libya were the arrest of human rights activist Fathi Terbil (later released), who was the official representative of the relatives of the victims of the massacre of the prisoners of the Abu Salim prison, who died (already) 29 on June 1996, when prisoners made protest against conditions of detention. 17 February in the cities of Benghazi, Bevid, Zentan, Rujban and Derna began mass demonstrations, held under the slogan "People want the overthrow of the regime," which quickly turned into riots. Protesters attacked police stations and barracks, seizing weapon and losing the status of demonstrators. Soon, during the mass demonstrations, the dead and wounded appeared on both sides. Part of the government forces went over to the rebels and called for a march on Tripoli, in which up to 5000 people were going to take part.

For the period from February 18 to March 18, the troops that remained loyal to Gaddafi managed to seize the initiative and launch a successful counter-offensive in certain sectors of the front. On the night of March 18, the UN Security Council adopted a Resolution 1973 of March 17 (New York time), authorizing the use of NATO forces in Libya, excluding ground intervention. Ten countries voted for this resolution. Five countries, including Russia, abstained, no one voted against.

Vladimir Putin, the then Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, spoke of the resolution as follows: “This Security Council resolution is certainly inferior and flawed ... It will immediately become clear that it allows everyone to take everything, any actions regarding a sovereign state ... And in general, it reminds me of a medieval call for a crusade. " He also described the US policy of intervening in conflicts in other countries as a steady trend, in which there is “neither conscience nor logic” ... Vladimir Putin’s press secretary Dmitry Peskov clarified that Putin’s assessment of the situation around Libya was his personal opinion.

A few hours later, President Medvedev made a statement, urging caution in assessing the situation in Libya and called the use of expressions like "crusade" unacceptable and unacceptable, which, in his opinion, "essentially lead to a clash of civilizations." The position of Russia, which supported the resolution, described it as an adequate response to the "ugly behavior of the Libyan leadership towards its own people." Gaddafi himself, D. Medvedev, called it a "non-handshaking face" with whom it is useless to talk.

19 March (at 16.00 local time) French fighters entered Libya airspace, making aerial reconnaissance to prepare for an intervention. And in 16.45, NATO forces began an operation under the code name "Operation Odyssey Dawn", in which the United States, Great Britain, France, Italy, Canada and Spain took part.

The results of this intervention, resulting in a full-scale seven-month armed confrontation involving aviation NATO, well known. The regime of Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown (Gaddafi was killed on October 20, 2011), but at an extremely high price. The war in Libya brought numerous destruction of infrastructure, claimed the lives of tens of thousands of people, divided the population into warring clan and tribal groups, and stopped the work of most public institutions.

Now there are two opposing governments in Libya, and the "Islamic State" * hastened to take advantage of the situation. Now there are militant training camps in the country. 3 March 2016, the representative of the UN Secretary-General in Libya, Martin Kobler, said: "The fighters of the Islamic State * terrorist group in Libya pose a growing threat both to the country and to the whole of North Africa and other regions."

US Secretary of State John Kerry during hearings in the US Congress at the end of February this year, when asked about Libya, said that this country was on the verge of collapse. “In recent months we have been making every effort to form a unified government in Tripoli. If the opposing forces in the country do not unite, Libya will become an incompetent state, ”he said.

The Syrian Arab Republic

The unrest in Syria began on March 15, 2011, in Damascus and Aleppo. The protests were caused by imprisonment and, allegedly, torture of several young students who were arrested for writing anti-government graffiti in the cities "People want the regime to fall." In the following week, riots spread to other cities, increasing in size. 20 March in the southern city of Dar'a, which the Syrian opposition sometimes calls the “cradle of the revolution,” protesters burned down the local headquarters of the ruling Baath Party, the city’s court building and the telephone company’s building. In response to these actions, the security forces opened fire on the protesting crowds. On that day, 15 demonstrators and 7 policemen were killed.

The protests continued on March 23 near the al-Omari mosque. Several armed oppositionists attacked an ambulance that stopped near a mosque, as a result of which the driver, the doctor and the rescuer were killed. Security forces opened fire on the attacking militants, some of whom took refuge in the mosque. As a result of the operation to disarm the militants, the mosque was occupied by security forces and hidden ammunition was found in it. At the same time one security officer died. Later, tear gas was used against the demonstrators who staged a protest at the mosque. The riots killed 5 people.

Over time, the protest movement spread to most of the Syrian cities. The main demands of the opposition were: the resignation of President Bashar Assad, the abolition of the state of emergency (in force since 1962), and the holding of democratic reforms in the country. By the summer of 2011, the confrontation between the government and the opposition had developed into a full-scale armed conflict.

The situation in Syria did not fail to take advantage of the United States. Syria has long had the status of a hostile power to the United States. Washington’s relations with this country deteriorated sharply in the 2000 year after the 34 year old B. Assad came to power. At the same time, the American leadership accused the Syrian government of being a threat in terms of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons. In relation to this country, the United States imposed unilateral economic sanctions. It was officially announced that Damascus was involved in supporting terrorism, and therefore the United States unconditionally supported the rebels from the Syrian opposition, despite the fact that most of them were in one way or another connected with the terrorist organization Al-Qaeda. The overwhelming majority of European countries and the Arab League countries are on the side of the United States

Over the next four years, the United States, under various pretexts, repeatedly tried to initiate military intervention in Syria with the participation of NATO countries. However, every time Russia and China supporting it declared that the situation in Syria, despite aggravation and tension, did not pose a threat to international peace and security, and called on the world community to refrain from interfering in the internal affairs of this country. So in June 2012, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, in response to a statement by French President Francois Hollande about the possibility of a military solution to the conflict, if it is held in accordance with international law, warned that Russia would supply modern air defense systems to the Syrian government and continue to block the intervention initiative UN Security Council in the Syrian conflict.

In August of the same year, US President Barack Obama announced the possibility of a military solution to the conflict in Syria if a serious threat of the use of chemical or biological weapons appeared and by the beginning of December the Pentagon had deployed a naval group of aircraft carrier Eisenhower and two dozen warships near the Syrian coast.
In response to this, 18 December, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported that a squadron of military ships was sent to the shores of Syria: the Yaroslav the Wise patrol ship, the Kaliningrad and Alexander Shabalin large landing ships. Until the end of February 2013, the squadron was replenished with a detachment of ships as part of the missile cruiser "Moscow" and the patrol ship "Smetlivy", large landing ships "Azov", "Saratov" and "Nikolay Filchenkov", on board which were 2000 soldiers of marines and military equipment .

The use of 19 in March 2013 by militants of the opposition of chemical weapons against civilians in the suburbs of Damascus led to increased international pressure on B. Assad's regime, accused the United States of using chemical warfare agents. The likelihood of direct military intervention by the West in the Syrian conflict was higher than ever: on September 1, US President Barack Obama sent a draft resolution authorizing a military operation against Syria to the Senate and House of Representatives.

5-6 September at the final press conference of the G20 summit held in St. Petersburg, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the use of chemical weapons in the SAR is a provocation of militants, and a strike on this country without UN sanction will be outlawed. During a meeting at the summit with Barack Obama, Vladimir Putin put forward the initiative to put international control of chemical weapons in Syria, and subsequently destroy them, and call on the authorities of this country to join the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. Putin’s proposal was supported by B. Obama and welcomed by the Syrian leadership. The Syrian opposition rejected Russia's proposal to establish international control over chemical weapons in an Arab country and demanded that Western countries "respond" to the actions of the "Assad regime." However, the Russian chemical weapons initiative for a long time knocked the ground out from under the feet of the supporters of aggression against Syria.

Following this initiative, Russia attempted to build on success and achieve a political settlement of the Syrian conflict at the second international conference in Geneva in January-February of 2014. However, the views of the Syrian authorities and the opposition, as well as the positions of their foreign sponsors, turned out to be incompatible.

The West, repeating like the mantra "Assad should leave", nevertheless, was in no hurry to provide military assistance to the opposition, demanding the supply of weapons, since by the beginning of 2014, the negative consequences of the Syrian conflict had become acute. Radical Islamist groups, primarily “Dzhebhat en-Nusra” * and “Islamic State” *, became the most active participants in the hostilities, challenging not only the Syrian regime, but also B. Assad's opponents, pushing aside the opposition. By proclaiming Syria as one of the “world caliphate”, IS *, at the end of June 2014, with the tacit approval of the US and its satellites, by September 2015 captured about 70% of Syria’s territory during the fighting. According to Western experts, until the fall of B.Assad’s power was very short.

However, at the end of September 2015, quite unexpectedly, a new air base with Russian weapons and military specialists appeared in Syria, making a real sensation in the West. Russia's participation in the anti-IG * anti-terrorist operation in Syria began on September 30 at the invitation of the legal president of this country, B. Assad. Air strikes carried out by bombers and attack aircraft under the guise of fighters and helicopters, strategic long-range bombers of the Russian aerospace forces, target shelling with cruise missiles from Caspian ships flotilla and the Black Sea Fleet for five and a half months, allowed the SAR army to develop an attack on the ISIS * militants, liberate most of the territory they seized and begin peace negotiations with the sane opposition.

How will develop further military and political events in the SAR, time will tell. I would like to hope that peace will finally come to the long-suffering Syria.

Comparing the course of the events of the “Arab spring” in Libya and Syria, only one conclusion can be made: in any very inadequate situation, its decision depends on the constructive or destructive position of the interested parties. As you can see, the solution of the situations in Libya and Syria are two big differences, as they say in Odessa.

* Banned in the Russian Federation.
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  1. The comment was deleted.
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 22 March 2016 05: 58
      +6
      Quote: just explo
      I’m afraid those countries where this Arab spring was this spring are not very happy now, they would now prefer the Russian winter. it's cold, but they don’t kill.

      news posted at 5-47, your deep comment: at 5-49 ... speed reading is amazing! or stupidly: "first" ??? wassat
      1. just exp
        just exp 22 March 2016 06: 36
        0
        if on average I read about 200 pages of text in books (pdf) per day, and I don’t even think about forums or anything else, do you think I read it quickly?
        1. Cat man null
          Cat man null 22 March 2016 06: 45
          +3
          Quote: just explo
          do you think i read fast?

          I think that you "forget" to answer uncomfortable questions for you ..

          I can give an example wink
          1. just exp
            just exp 22 March 2016 06: 47
            0
            Have you tried to read by keywords?
      2. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 22 March 2016 06: 39
        +1
        Quote: Andrey Yurievich
        news posted at 5-47, your deep comment: at 5-49 ... speed reading is amazing! or stupidly: "first" ??

        No more discussion topics, no comments, and no topics. smile
        1. Cat man null
          Cat man null 22 March 2016 06: 43
          0
          Quote: Alexander Romanov
          No more discussion topics, no comments, and no topics.

          Mdya .. and I decomposed it there by components .. in the same damn request
          1. Andrey Yuryevich
            Andrey Yuryevich 22 March 2016 06: 55
            0
            Quote: Cat Man Null
            Mdya .. and I decomposed it there by components .. in the same damn

            here's another "fun" component:
            Dmitry Peskov said that Putin’s assessment of the situation around Libya was his personal opinion.
            famously whiskered spun ...!
        2. Andrey Yuryevich
          Andrey Yuryevich 22 March 2016 06: 53
          0
          Quote: Alexander Romanov
          Quote: Andrey Yurievich
          news posted at 5-47, your deep comment: at 5-49 ... speed reading is amazing! or stupidly: "first" ??

          No more discussion topics, no comments, and no topics. smile

          no body, no business ... yes Hi San ... hi
          1. Alexander Romanov
            Alexander Romanov 22 March 2016 07: 50
            0
            Quote: Andrey Yurievich
            no body, no business ...

            Hello. I will appoint you as the prosecutor! With this approach you will have a good career growth. wink
            1. Andrey Yuryevich
              Andrey Yuryevich 22 March 2016 09: 07
              0
              judging by the "hut" of our prosecutor genes, the work, in principle, is probably not bad ... what
    2. 79807420129
      79807420129 22 March 2016 06: 03
      +7
      An excellent article, a good analysis, and shows the actions of both the GDP and the DAM, while the GDP as the president retained the ally, Syria, but DAM on the contrary destroyed Libya.
      1. Andrey Yuryevich
        Andrey Yuryevich 22 March 2016 06: 23
        +3
        Quote: 79807420129
        Dam on the contrary destroyed Libya.

        for all my dislike for DAM, could Russia, in 2011, crank up an operation similar to the Syrian? I think we were not ready to fight against: Great Britain, France, USA, Canada, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Denmark ... at the same time! don't you find? This is NATO, not bearded uncles ...
        1. 79807420129
          79807420129 22 March 2016 07: 31
          +10
          Quote: Andrey Yurievich
          for all my dislike for DAM, could Russia, in 2011, crank up an operation similar to the Syrian?

          Andrei Yuryevich, why fight? Russia has a right to veto the UN, it was possible not to abstain, but vetoed the resolution and the situation would have been different, NATO, led by mattresses, would have certainly been beaten at the UN, but would have appeared in By the way, on TV then I watched how both the GDP and the DAM acted after the Security Council meeting, Putin almost caught the eye of Medvedev live and was furious, well then we couldn’t fight with NATO then, and now it’s not advisable . hi
          1. Andrey Yuryevich
            Andrey Yuryevich 22 March 2016 09: 04
            +1
            Quote: 79807420129
            Andrei Yuryevich, why fight? Russia has the right to veto the UN, it was possible not to abstain, but to veto the resolution and the situation would have been different,

            study the material, my friend! vetoed by several countries! Yes, only NATO "laid down" on the veto ...
          2. Alexey RA
            Alexey RA 22 March 2016 10: 53
            +1
            Quote: 79807420129
            Andrei Yuryevich, why fight? Russia has a right to veto the UN, it was possible not to abstain, but vetoed the resolution and the situation would have been different, NATO, led by mattresses, would have certainly been beaten at the UN, but would have appeared in very unsightly light.

            Do you think anyone from NATO cares?
            Especially about what unsightly light can we say if the Libyan aggressors control most of the media? They will compose several tales about Libyan nuclear weapons, the mass rape of children and children who were thrown out of maternity hospitals - they are not used to it. And the people waved - and also asked to bomb the damned dictator into the Stone Age, as well as condemn Russia, which supported him.
            Moreover, NATO already has the experience of Yugoslavia and Iraq, when everyone calmly swallowed fake evidence and turned a blind eye to outright violations of all kinds of resolutions.

            At present, the UN and other legal structures are mainly of decorative value. The power of law in our time is the law of power. And any resolution should be backed up by the Army, VKS, Navy and Strategic Rocket Forces. In 2011, we still could not afford this.
      2. just exp
        just exp 22 March 2016 06: 37
        0
        DAM Libya did not destroy, ours stupidly did not start to scam for scammers.
        because the fly agaric threw us very sour, concluded contracts, but did not pay, and we forgave the debts to him on the condition that he would pay the contracts, moreover, he squeezed out our oil industry in favor of Western companies, and then should we intercede for him?
    3. Finches
      Finches 22 March 2016 06: 16
      +1
      I think that Gaddafi simply did not expect such insidiousness from his supposedly Western friends, especially from France! Although the colonel could not be called a fool, he never looked very much towards our country! And in Russia, Dmitry Anatolyevich was at the helm, to whom at the right moment the iPad did not tell you how to behave correctly in that situation ... laughing
    4. Cat man null
      Cat man null 22 March 2016 06: 41
      +2
      Quote: just explo
      they would now prefer the Russian winter. it's cold, but they don’t kill

      - there water pipes go outside the walls of the house, burst .. completely
      - there are windows in one layer, large and not very tightly closed
      - there is no heating at all .. that is, completely

      They die there in the Russian winter, in short. And the palm tree will all freeze ... in a stump.

      I mean, what stupidity you said, IMHO. And not the first one, in my memory request
      1. just exp
        just exp 22 March 2016 06: 50
        0
        mdya, sarcasm you apparently do not understand.
        It happens that not everyone has a Chew.
        I hope you do not take Petrosyan seriously? or maybe you really think that all that he once told was really.
        Threat in the desert is often cold, and the Bedouins do not freeze anything.
        1. Cat man null
          Cat man null 22 March 2016 07: 26
          0
          Quote: just explo
          sarcasm you apparently do not understand

          Oh how .. so it was sarcasm .. my apologies .. but I understood this as a desire to "be ahead" fool

          Quote: just explo
          not everyone has a chew

          This is exactly laughing

          Quote: just explo
          Do you seriously take Petrosyan?

          And what is the connection between you and Petrosyan? belay

          Quote: just explo
          it’s often cold in the desert and the Bedouins don't freeze anything

          We know, have been there. Only not all who live there are Bedouins.

          PS: we compared living standards there. IMHO ball on your side yes
          1. just exp
            just exp 22 March 2016 07: 36
            0
            Oh how .. so it was sarcasm .. my apologies .. but I understood this as a desire to "be ahead"

            I as akyn see that I sing.
            And what is the connection between you and Petrosyan?

            You still don’t understand, because
            Quote: just EXPL
            not everyone has a chew
            This is exactly

            We know, have been there. Only not all who live there are Bedouins.

            those who are not Bedouins have electricity, it may be a revelation for you, but they told me that they can somehow be warmed up.
            PS: we compared living standards there. IMHO ball on your side

            ummmm, where? I dashed off a couple of posts here and I don’t remember that we would compare Libya and Russia.
  2. Knowing
    Knowing 22 March 2016 06: 02
    0
    Well, apparently the "Arab Spring" is the collapse of the dominance of "democracy because of a puddle" in the BV. Somehow they already began to bother everyone. recourse And then there is an election with an unpredictable ending ... In general, they are very uncomfortable there, then Kerry is torn "on the carpet" (you can't say otherwise) to GDP. laughing
  3. Dmitry Potapov
    Dmitry Potapov 22 March 2016 06: 02
    +1
    "Russian Spring" is smarter, cooler and more polite.
  4. Same lech
    Same lech 22 March 2016 06: 04
    +3
    He described the position of Russia, which supported the resolution, as an adequate reaction to "the ugly behavior of the Libyan leadership in relation to its own people." D. Medvedev called Gaddafi himself a "shaking person" with whom it is useless to talk.


    Well, it’s necessary that DIMA rejected ... I will never vote for such a liar.
    Behind him, such a train of jambs stretches ... God forbid.
  5. Igor39
    Igor39 22 March 2016 06: 13
    0
    Now the phrase Arabian horses, I associate not only with horses.
    1. Revolver
      Revolver 22 March 2016 06: 23
      -1
      Quote: Igor39
      Now the phrase Arabian horses, I associate not only with horses.
      Only now? Well, better late than never.
      1. 0255
        0255 22 March 2016 09: 32
        -1
        Quote: Nagan
        Quote: Igor39
        Now the phrase Arabian horses, I associate not only with horses.
        Only now? Well, better late than never.

        And you just to bomb the whole Middle East fool Islamism is supported by your government, without the support from outside the idiots-fanatics would be few. Refugees in the EU are fleeing Libya, Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan - countries that have been "democratized" by the NATO Air Force and "moderate" terrorist terrorists.
        1. Revolver
          Revolver 23 March 2016 00: 00
          -2
          No, our government supports shit democracy. Obama just doesn't have enough brains fool to understand that under the conditions of Islam, the only ones who can come to power in a shabby way are the Islamists. request Well, when they come to power, they have to bomb. So after all, from Khmeimim, too, not multi-colored balls with the inscription "world-world" fly out.
          wink
  6. Mikhail m
    Mikhail m 22 March 2016 06: 23
    +1
    The authors of the Arab spring did not even assume that after spring comes summer, and then autumn, when it is time to count the chickens. They have something in common with our communal services, for whom the change of seasons is also always unexpected.
  7. The comment was deleted.
  8. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 22 March 2016 06: 31
    +1
    Quote: avg-mgn
    The main demands of the opposition were: the resignation of President Bashar al-Assad, the abolition of the state of emergency (in force since 1962 year) and the implementation of democratic reforms in the country.


    In general, the Syrians can be understood. Clan Asadov 48 years holding the country in martial law they tired of the order. The country was plundered, impoverished, and the godfather and son did not itch. Ukraine exploded in 25 years, and in Syria, as many as 2 generations have changed - either a slave or a weapon, and they will quickly wash their heads.
    In general, time shows that the era of clan rule is likely to end and the countries of the East no longer want to live according to the old ways, and the all-seeing and knowing Brother is always ready to throw firewood into the fire.
    1. kagorta
      kagorta 22 March 2016 06: 40
      +1
      I grabbed the noble minuses for such thoughts in a last article ... fellow laughing
      Only I believe that Gaddafi was also the same unfortunate ruler. And in Libya, he, too, was tired of many, but he did not have the mind and strength to throat all throats with political means, before the unrest, neither Assad nor Gaddafi found.
      1. Andrey Yuryevich
        Andrey Yuryevich 22 March 2016 07: 04
        +3
        Quote: kagorta
        in Libya, he is also tired of many
        I hope they are satisfied now?
    2. Same lech
      Same lech 22 March 2016 06: 52
      +2
      In general, the Syrians can be understood. Asadov clan 48 years holding the country in martial law they tired of the order.

      I can imagine how tired the Saaudite clan of princes SUDEIRI and AL-SAUDI ... there, after all, the prince sits on the prince and pushes the prince around.
      And they chop heads with their subjects with great pleasure and variety ... there are photos and videos of this on the Internet.
    3. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 22 March 2016 07: 00
      +1
      Quote: avg-mgn
      In general, the Syrians can be understood

      not Syrians? which there are a dime a dozen?
      1. Same lech
        Same lech 22 March 2016 07: 09
        0
        not Syrians? which there are a dime a dozen?


        These stuck to the Syrian oil ... what an indescribable pleasure.
  9. Professor
    Professor 22 March 2016 10: 08
    -1
    March 19, 2013, the use of chemical weapons by opposition fighters against civilians ...

    To the author of the scrap read the report of the UN Commission on who, where and how used chemical weapons in Syria?
    United Nations Mission to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic
    1. 0255
      0255 22 March 2016 12: 05
      +1
      Quote: Professor
      March 19, 2013, the use of chemical weapons by opposition fighters against civilians ...

      Read the author in scrap UN Commission Report about who, where and how used chemical weapons in Syria?

      Does this write a professor who wants to dissolve the UN? laughing
      1. Professor
        Professor 22 March 2016 15: 08
        0
        Quote: 0255
        Quote: Professor
        March 19, 2013, the use of chemical weapons by opposition fighters against civilians ...

        To the author of the scrap read the report of the UN Commission on who, where and how used chemical weapons in Syria?

        Does this write a professor who wants to dissolve the UN? laughing

        Convinced. Show a report to an alternative investigation where it will be indicated that the gunmen used WMDs.

        PS
        And the UN needs to be dissolved urgently.
        1. 0255
          0255 22 March 2016 16: 02
          0
          Quote: Professor
          PS
          And the UN needs to be dissolved urgently.

          Accidentally not for 242 resolution? laughing
          1. Professor
            Professor 22 March 2016 16: 19
            +1
            Quote: 0255
            Accidentally not for 242 resolution?

            For impotence.