The volume of the state defense order (this year) has increased almost 1,5 times, so the number of contracts is increasing, but the discipline is also improving. We plan that this year we will reach approximately 96% of the execution of the state defense order. We have a large number of activities related to import substitution, there are short deliveries of the equipment and components that were previously ordered from partners abroad. Accordingly, the production of these components on the territory of Russia is unfolding, so we have to clarify something. But this is not essential.
On import substitution and Achilles heels
I believe that this is simply an axiom that should be: everything related to the production of military products, everything should be completely independent of the situation in international politics. Everything should be focused, or almost everything, on the territory of Russia.
Of course, there are things and positions that it is very difficult to import fully to replace. The two Achilles' heels that we have are microelectronics and machine-tool construction. Well, it was absent altogether, did not exist in the country as a whole. In fact, this cannot be done at once. This billion dollars costs just a clean workshop in itself in order to produce this kind of equipment. Nevertheless, now we have dramatically increased the proportion of what we do with our own hands, we have reduced the type of spacecraft by itself, we have found universal solutions where designers can use each other’s practices, created a design bureau in our country. And the production of these elements themselves is either on the territory of Russia, or on the territory of Belarus, which is our ally in this matter, or on the territory of those countries that have not joined the sanctions.
The same applies to machine tools, it was completely overwhelmed in the 90-s in our country and did not develop. Therefore, nowadays, high-precision machine tools are being developed at an accelerated rate, which we use in the military-industrial complex, in civilian sectors, aircraft industry, in space ... But still, this cannot be replaced at once. For 2 of the year, this is just a frivolous task setting. Therefore, somewhere we continue to deliver something from other partners who have not joined this wave of sanctions. But still the bet on import substitution. We will decide the main, most difficult positions in 18.
About Ukrainian accessory companies that fail
We have two projects of naval ships fleetwhere gas turbine units (GTA) are used as power machines. They used to always, in the framework of Soviet cooperation, were produced on the territory of Ukraine. In particular, at the Nikolaev Zorya-Mashproekt plant. We sent money there, paid them before this Maidan - neither money, nor GTA!
We launched the production of these units on our territory, but not only copying what Ukraine did, but moving further ahead. That is, it is much more modernized powerful samples.
This will be in 18 year. Therefore, our concentration has been strengthened on those fundamental points that have hampered the creation of whole large samples of military equipment, and we will do small things later.
About distortions on the "East"
There are, of course, imbalances, redundancies, such as, for example, with the Vostochny spaceport. When, on the one hand, we have the fact that it is obvious: for 3 of the year in the taiga, in places of absolute remoteness from labor resources, from technology, a unique, newest cosmodrome is built. But there are facts of misuse, about which there is a lot of fairness. But it seems that everything was stolen there. No, not everything was stolen there, let's say softly. 20 criminal cases that are opened on the facts of offenses in the financial sphere in the course of work at the Vostochny cosmodrome are all related to the period of 12 – 13. After restoring order, when the president instructed the government to exercise direct control over the spaceport, this kind of evidence no longer exists. And I say it again: the spaceport has been built. Therefore, here we must bear in mind that there is such a kind of wave that is present in public opinion, and there is a real picture.
On toughening penalties for theft in the military industrial complex
Why so many emotions when they steal, say, from the state defense order or when they trade weaponspassing it on to gangsters or terrorists? For one simple reason. This is not just a fact of fraud or embezzlement when money leaves the budget. This is, in essence, indulgence of the enemies of the country. That is, either this indulgence of terrorists, if we are talking about, say, the transfer of weapons to them. If we talk about the facts of corruption in the defense sector, then this is, in essence, a damage to the country's defense. The country's defense shield has become much thinner. And, of course, for it (it is necessary) to punish not just as for an economic crime. Shoot, do not shoot - there is no need for absolutely exotic measures. But the fact that the punishment should be percent on 30, on 50 is tougher than in the usual article - I am absolutely convinced of this.
On the responsibility of the defense industry
Why do defenders get more than those involved in the civil industry? Because we are not as relaxed as they are. Our pilots are fighting in Syria, our special forces are fighting in the North Caucasus with a terrorist threat, and we are fully responsible for ensuring that these guys return home alive and healthy, so that the weapons they use will be saved and not saved by those who they are trying to shoot, who are trying to shoot at our people. Therefore, the defense industry is a special bone.
About Mistrals and Big Politics
Everything connected with military-technical cooperation is all a subject of a very big policy. Take at least "Mistrali." France found itself in conditions when it was forced to prevent the issuance of an export license for the transfer of two ready-made ships to us. Is this a sovereign decision of France? I think no. I think this is a direct consequence of the fact that a few years ago France returned to the military organization of NATO. And so their allied obligations are so-called. That is, the Americans twisted their hands and twisted them in the end. We even know how it was done, how it was arranged, what economic harsh conditions.
About Turks and Citizenship
With Turkey, we had only relations in the segment of civilian small arms. In economy class, they supplied smooth-bore guns, which enjoyed a certain popularity in our stores. The gunsmiths themselves, without any commands, shouting from above, simply by virtue of their own civil position, decided to abandon these weapons, returned them to all Turkish manufacturers, removed them from the shelves, and gave free space on the weapons display to Russian manufacturers. This is what is called the position of men. And so we in the military sphere with the Turks was nothing.
About military potential and awl in your pocket
Mathematics in geopolitics is not the best help. Not everything is considered an economic potential. There are many other factors, including even subjective factors: the authority of the country's leadership, the volitional qualities of the country's leadership, and so on.
The combined economic potential of the member countries of the European Union plus America and Canada, which results in a large NATO, of course, is several times larger than our economic potential. But from the point of view of securing oneself from a military conflict with the West, not only economic potential is necessary. And a metamorphosis of money is needed in the means of restraint chosen by the political and military leadership of the country that will allow this threat to be avoided. The threat can be contained not only by creating strategic parity, which the Soviet Union did and eventually collapsed. After all, it can be done at a different level, the minimum sufficient. At the level of defensive sufficiency. That is, to have some kind of awl that is exactly perfect, being stuck in different places, will not please the potential aggressor. And this will restrain him at distant approaches from the very thought of dealing militarily with the Russian Federation. Therefore, we choose such means of deterrence, which the potential aggressor may not like very much, despite the fact that we perfectly objectively estimate that our economic potential is lower.
Then I must say that our weapons are just cheaper. Say, how much is the American generation 5 aircraft and our generation 5 aircraft? They are not comparable in price. We have incomparable salaries. We have incomparable raw materials. And many many others. Therefore, all these liberal dollar calculus are now lame when we talk about strategies and tactics, and ways to deter a potential aggressor.
About weapon accuracy
The course of the anti-terrorist operation in Syria shows that the Russian Federation already has aviation, with her high-precision missile weapons, she moved to a completely different league. And we see how today our armed forces can strike at enemy combat facilities without harming the civilian population. That is, we, due to precision weapons, extremely minimized all sorts of related victims. Unlike, say, Americans, who seemingly have so many precision weapons! There are much more possibilities. It was created by them much earlier. Nevertheless, in one village of Afghanistan they will hit the hospital, then in another place they will bomb the wedding. Here you are, and real opportunities!
About cyber weapons
Perceive it must be different. From social networks, which are a tool for organizing mass discontent, calculating who you can work with. By likes that people put on Facebook, one can understand his political preferences, and then find an approach to him, begin to work with him purposefully, make targeted mailings, invitations to all sorts of political events. And then bring it to the "Arab Springs" and other springs.
And the second point is, of course, an attempt to use open access, in order to enter the Internet networks of another country and at the moment of “Ch” to produce chaos in these networks, to confuse political and military leadership.
There is another way, so-called bookmarks. Any new weapon - it is usually a smart weapon, has a cyber brain inside itself. So, if the country itself does not produce, as in our case, a significant part of microelectronics, then there may be bookmarks in the supply of someone else’s microelectronics, which will be activated at a certain moment. Well, let's say, a machine that has some kind of software for the production of a certain very important part can theoretically reset information about the task that it is assigned to in real time. Throw to where we would not want it to be dumped. Therefore, we prevent, and do it effectively, any industrial espionage and prevent us from getting into, especially in the manufacture of military equipment, all sorts of such interesting things. We know how to do it, and have already secured ourselves.
About domestic aviation
A huge country with so many time zones is simply obliged to have its own aviation industry. When today we have 80 percent of all long-range aircraft - these are foreign aircraft, this is a big mistake. When today we are pushing out our aircraft on medium-haul roads, on near-haul roads this is a huge mistake.
Therefore, with a certain regularity, we hold all sorts of meetings with the aviation industry, with designers, with technologists. We allocate the necessary money for promising work. And in the end, what do we have? As a result, we have today the fact that we have made a huge step in the development of our combat aviation recently. Take, for example, the Sukhoi aircraft, this is Su-30CM, Su-35С, a promising aviation complex of front-line aviation. The new MIG is now on our way, that is, the 35. The production of IL-76 from Tashkent to Ulyanovsk is completely transferred. Created a new upgraded aircraft on 80 percent updated - IL-476. Work is underway to modernize strategic aviation. I can continue to tell many, many, many, not to mention the SuperJet.
Just the other day, we reported to the president about the beginning of flight tests of our newest aircraft engine. I myself went to Zhukovsky just where I was raised on the first flight of the IL-76. He has four engines, one was shot. PD-14 was delivered, here is this Perm new engine with 14-tonnage. And the first take-off is a very touching, very powerful emotional event for all aviation workers. Because we haven't done it for 29 years. This is a fundamentally new engine using composite materials. New engineering solution. In fuel efficiency, it is 30 percent better than PS-90, which now flies all of our heavy aircraft.
The aircraft in Irkutsk, at the Irkutsk Aviation Plant, MS-21, will fly in June-July next year. Already assembled fully fuselage. The aircraft is unique and centrally, it has a composite light wing. Production, unique in itself, is a production culture. Western experts also come, they click their tongues, they have never seen anything like this before. We will put this plane on the wing next year, and we plan that already with 2017, we will start launching it in the series. With 2018, he will go with our engine, and not with the Canadian one.
About your activity in social networks
This is my contempt for these moral monsters who destroyed Ukraine, captured it. This is my hatred of Russophobes and enemies. Well, it is best to talk to them, reacting sharply, with humor. Therefore, this is my so small psychological warfare, which I am also leading.
Well, then all the same I graduated from the faculty of journalism at Moscow University. And there they were taught to understand people and get to the bottom of the truth. And therefore all the rest of my education - in no case did they get rid of the journalistic spots in my youth. Therefore, I react as a person, as a publicist, to human stupidity, to treason, to betrayal, to tyranny.