Military Review

Mother of all battles

43
Exactly a quarter of a century ago, on the night of 16 on 17 in January of 1991, Operation Desert Storm, the first post-Soviet era war, began with massive air strikes against Iraq. Although the USSR still looked as impressive on the world map as it used to, and possessed all the attributes of a single state, it was no longer in global geopolitics. This became clear when the Soviet Union in November 1990 supported the United States Security Council resolution on the military operation against Iraq and joined the economic sanctions against this country.
Mother of all battles



However, the position of the USSR in the UN then almost did not affect anything. Even if he had blocked this resolution, the Americans and their allies would have quietly done without it, as eight years later in Yugoslavia. But the fact that the "late Soviet" government refused even formally and verbally to oppose the war being waged by Washington, said a lot. And above all - that after the era of confrontation, there came a time of unconditional submission, which continued even after the collapse of the USSR, until the spring of 1999.

From a purely military point of view, the conflict, which the then President of Iraq pathetically called the “Mother of All Battles,” gave an idea of ​​what a hypothetical NATO war against the USSR would look like if the world suddenly disappeared in the world weapon (by the way, I give the idea to alternative science fiction writers). If you imagine. that some highly developed aliens, deciding to save the Earth’s population from the risk of self-destruction, transformed the plutonium filling of all warheads into pig iron blanks with the help of transmutations available to them, and at the same time destroyed all the accumulated stocks of nuclear explosives on the planet, then the US and their satellite attacks against the USSR looked would be about the same as Desert Storm, of course, adjusted for scale.

The events that took place in the Persian Gulf from January to March 1991 of the year clearly showed that it is useless to compete with the United States in military terms without a “hardcore mother.” Without it, they will easily break anyone and crush them like Iraq. It is strange that Saddam Hussein did not understand this and was hoping for something.

On the screen saver there is a refuge in Baghdad, destroyed by the American anti-bunker concrete-bomb bomb, in which more than 400 civilians died. Next - photos of the consequences of the first Desert Storm air strikes aimed at destroying the command and communications infrastructure, as well as the Iraqi Air Force and Air Defense, so that later aviation anti-Iraq coalition could act without interference.





































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43 comments
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  1. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich 23 January 2016 07: 22
    +3
    atmospheric photos .. and that's it, nothing more.
    1. guard
      guard 23 January 2016 07: 46
      18
      aggression by the United States and its satellites against the USSR would have looked approximately the same as Desert Storm, of course, adjusted for the scale.

      Well, you are bent, Iraq has been compared with the USSR!
      1. Wheel
        Wheel 23 January 2016 08: 21
        23
        "The events that took place in the Persian Gulf from January to March 1991 have clearly shown that it is useless to compete with the United States in military terms without "Kuz'ka's mother." Without it, they can easily break and crush anyone like Iraq."
        And then Kondratiev suffered ....
        No, well?
        Journalism, it is journalism in Russia, is not responsible for the bazaar.

        That's the whole point, that in the case of using only conventional weapons at that time, NATO had no chance against the Union. This they realized more than well.

        Oh yes.
        Article minus.
    2. Kars
      Kars 23 January 2016 11: 55
      +3
      Add a little ground equipment. Americans are not enough of course.
    3. Kars
      Kars 23 January 2016 11: 57
      +1
      ______________________
    4. Kars
      Kars 23 January 2016 11: 58
      +1
      And over the years, to be honest, I can be wrong.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 23 January 2016 07: 56
    11
    However, the position of the USSR in the UN then had almost no effect on anything.... because was sold and bought ..
  3. The comment was deleted.
  4. King, just king
    King, just king 23 January 2016 08: 35
    18
    We won, of course, first by giving the go-ahead to Kuwait. And taking into account the rumors and conjectures crawling on the Internet about the transfer of something to the USSR-coalition about the Iraqi friend or foe system and data on the air defense system.
    Although the USSR was already almost that, but it seems like Iraq walked in almost allies? Nothing, there Nikita Sergeyevich promised a nuclear member to these bastards from Ang, and Fran (didn’t seem to indicate the country, didn’t break the rules?), So they blasted away from Egypt. It would be possible here and wave the thread.

    Dear citizens, fathers-commanders, I ask directly, catch up with the rating to a junior sergeant, then like a thread myself. I immediately became a junior in the army, after training. I somehow feel uncomfortable with the "nozzle" ...
    1. Vladimir73
      Vladimir73 23 January 2016 10: 21
      +7
      Quote: King, just king
      And taking into account rumors and speculations climbing on the Internet about the transfer of the USSR-coalition to something there about the system of Iraq’s own-alien and data on the air defense system.


      In fact, they gave up the Soviet air defense system ("obsolete") to the French one ("more reliable and modern").
      1. palm
        palm 23 January 2016 19: 45
        +1
        Quote: Vladimir73
        speculation about the transfer of the USSR-coalition of something there about a friend or foe system

        the transfer of such secrets is a betrayal of the fatherland
        1. Vladimir73
          Vladimir73 25 January 2016 09: 34
          0
          Quote: Palm
          the transfer of such secrets is a betrayal of the fatherland


          Totally agree with you.
  5. BLOND
    BLOND 23 January 2016 08: 38
    16
    the aggression of the United States and its satellites against the USSR would look approximately the same as "Desert Storm", of course, adjusted for the scale


    There were more than one such who forget about the "scale correction" and many other things ...
    - the armies are not fighting correctly (the people should not interfere)
    - then the frost "freezes only the occupiers" ...
    1. Alex
      Alex 23 January 2016 18: 13
      +6
      - then the mouse only gnaws the enemy wires
      - that dirt only sticks to enemy cars
      - and in general, these Russians are not fighting according to the rules (you must immediately give up after the first shot)
  6. Mera joota
    Mera joota 23 January 2016 08: 46
    12
    I remember how uncles with big stars on uniforms vanged a second Vietnam, a stream of coffins in the USA, etc. The press discussed the alignment of forces and means, it all came down to the fact that the coalition will have a hard time and the war will be positional, they say it has only an advantage in the air, which is leveled by Iraq’s powerful ground-based air defense. And then there came a shock .... On TV there were reports from the night of Baghdad, the work of anti-aircraft artillery in all its glory and a dumb question, WHERE WHERE ROCKETS? Then there were reports with columns of prisoners, equipment broken into the trash, etc. After the war, there was a debate about why the Iraqi army behind which the long-standing war with Iran turned into a crowd of weak-willed prisoners of war ... The conclusions were disappointing, the USSR was not ready for such a war.
    1. Former
      Former 23 January 2016 09: 48
      +7
      Yes, how many disputes there were in working smoking rooms!

      How many hopes were there that Hussein nevertheless "piled on" smug Americans, so that at least in this way, "indirectly" he would "take revenge" for what was happening in the USSR at that time, for the damned "perestroika".

      It sounds silly now, everything is not so clear-cut, but the Hordes of Barbarian who surged in Europe prove that we, simple hard workers, were not so stupid then ...

      And yes, there was a real shock from how quickly the Iraqis were crushed.
      And then there was Yugoslavia ...
      AND...
      However, is it worth it?
      1. Alex
        Alex 23 January 2016 18: 16
        +4
        Quote: Former
        And yes, there was a real shock from how quickly the Iraqis were crushed. And then there was Yugoslavia ... And ... However, is it worth it?

        Standing, standing ... The enemy is getting closer and closer to the threshold, but we seem to prefer "to look the other way."
    2. Wheel
      Wheel 23 January 2016 10: 16
      15
      Quote: Mera Joota
      The conclusions were disappointing; the USSR was not ready for such a war.

      Yes indeed to such war the Union was not ready.
      I well remember how our Pvoshniks sweared at what the light was: teach the Arabs, do not teach - the sense is all the same with gulkin.
      Complete neglect of all written and unwritten rules and instructions, gagging at all levels from top to bottom.
      Neither electronic warfare, nor imitators, nor cover, nor disguise, nor even spare positions.
      Stupidly went into the field and waited for them to be gouged.
      1. creak
        creak 23 January 2016 14: 21
        +8
        Quote: Wheel
        Neither electronic warfare, nor imitators, nor cover, nor disguise, nor even spare positions


        I wonder where and when did you come across this disgrace?
        I had occasion to see and disguise the ZRDN in the Suez Canal zone and shoot from ambushes, and the false positions were equipped in accordance with all rules with radiation simulators, etc. After all, there were our advisers in the divisions and there were no suicides among them ..
        But even the most thorough camouflage in the desert (this is not the jungle in Vietnam) still does not fully guarantee that the positions will not be discovered with all the consequences ...
        By the way, the fact that the calculations ran up at the sight of airplanes - no more than repeatedly repeated fables - in war as in war, there were deserters, but not mass exodus ...
        Unfortunately, the performance characteristics of the S-75 air defense system during the so-called exhaustion wars no longer made it possible to effectively confront Israeli aircraft operating at low and ultra-low altitudes (literally on tops of trees), here calculations and died often together with our advisers ...
        It is no accident that when the 18th special air defense division was deployed in Egypt with modern air defense systems, the situation changed and the Jews stopped flying where they wanted and began to suffer sensitive losses ...
  7. Cruel beaver
    Cruel beaver 23 January 2016 09: 11
    13
    the author forgot that the sound of the stripes themselves later said that the largest part of Iraqi genitality was simply bought ...
  8. King, just king
    King, just king 23 January 2016 09: 20
    12
    Oh yes, I completely forgot. One of my favorite jokes. Maybe the author of the article reads - comes to him.

    The USSR and the USA began a world war. They fired at each other with rockets, destroyed everything, destroyed everything. Reagan calls Gorbachev:
    - Well, how are you, give up? I still have a whole company of marine corps!
    Gorbachev is silent, he has no one else.
    And suddenly on the table Gorbachev weakly rang the phone. Gorbachev picked up the phone. From there a peppy report:
    - The Trans-Baikal Military District is ready for war!


    And in Iraq ... My humble opinion is that Saddam had to either give up right away (he wouldn’t be removed anyway, at least he would have kept the army), or invade the Saudi Army and arrange a massacre there than is possible.
  9. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
    Andrei from Chelyabinsk 23 January 2016 10: 30
    17
    It's not even fantasy, it's just epic nonsense. In the same 1985, the Iraqi army in terms of training was inferior to ours in the GSVG, Ukrainian and Belarusian military districts by an order of magnitude. The ATS had powerful aviation and air defense, which Iraq could only dream of and let the latest fighters be few, but the real pilots flew on the old ones, and not what Saddam had. One can argue for a long time about who is cooler - German tanks or Soviet, but the fact is that our divisions were equipped with much more modern weapons and much better than the Iraqi army. ATS countries had approximately double numerical superiority over NATO forces in the ground forces - and this ratio was maintained during intensive mobilization and deployment. And these forces were definitely not going to sit for a month under the bombing, like a mouse behind a broom, as Saddam’s army did.
    And therefore - in a nuclear-free conflict, NATO could only sympathize. Only - quickly, until the Soviet tank armies reached the English Channel laughing
    1. alicante11
      alicante11 24 January 2016 05: 06
      +1
      Wow, how many goodies I missed yesterday during my vacation. Something tells me, something tells me that at that time we already had c-300, which even now amers and Jews are forcing to make bricks. Not to mention the quantity and quality of aviation. So dominance in the air amers would not be seen. And without this, a deep operation would be problematic.
      1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
        Andrei from Chelyabinsk 24 January 2016 22: 05
        +4
        Quote: alicante11
        Something tells me, something tells me that at that time we already had s-300

        There were, of course :))
        Quote: alicante11
        Not to mention the quantity and quality of aviation. So the dominance in the air amers would not see

        Well, why? In principle, NATO had excellent trump cards, such as the F-15 and F-16, while ours in 1985 did not have a Su-27, but the MiG-29 was, but a meager. As a result, it would have been necessary to fight on the MiG-23ML and MLD, but that’s not it ... Yes, there were MiG-31 and 25 interceptors, but they are still not for gaining air supremacy.
        There would have been a brutal meat grinder in the air, during which the NATO Air Force might have won, but it would have been so exhausted that it could hardly have had a significant impact on ground operations. Our Air Force, even taking into account the perfect ground air defense, could hardly have won, but linking the NATO Air Force to a battle until they had nowhere to fly (nevertheless, a tank at an enemy airfield is a very effective form of air defense) is quite possible.
        1. Scraptor
          Scraptor 24 January 2016 22: 23
          +1
          The fact is that the F-15, on the contrary, was inferior to the MiG-23ML laughing before the modernization of the late 1980s, and then already the Su-27, like the MiG-29, was in the troops in sufficient quantities.
        2. alicante11
          alicante11 25 January 2016 02: 17
          +1
          Our Air Force, even taking into account the perfect ground air defense, could hardly have won, but linking the NATO Air Force to a battle until they had nowhere to fly (still, a tank at an enemy airfield is a very effective form of air defense) is quite possible.


          Well, what am I talking about? Amers would not have air supremacy, but this does not mean that we would have it :). It’s just that a meat grinder, and without air supremacy for the land forces of amers, would have done nothing to turn the Iraqi blitzkrieg.
          1. Scraptor
            Scraptor 25 January 2016 18: 42
            +1
            Air dominance would be greater at the ATS because, for example, supersonic Su-17s and early MiG-29s, from NATO only subsonic Harrier, flew from unpaved airfields. Airdromes would all be hit by tactical missiles (even with non-nuclear warheads) very quickly.
    2. strannik1985
      strannik1985 24 January 2016 07: 48
      +1
      A month is from the actual start of hostilities, and if with deployment (August 1990-January 1991), consider half a year of concentration without any opposition. To consider that the ATS will allow such a beginning of the war-nonsense.
  10. Aeneas
    Aeneas 23 January 2016 10: 35
    +8
    in some photos, the results of the Iraqi air defense are present - in the form of broken coalition planes.
  11. lukke
    lukke 23 January 2016 10: 51
    +7
    The events that took place in the Persian Gulf from January to March 1991 have clearly shown that it is useless to compete with the United States in military terms without "Kuz'ka's mother."

    ingenious analysis! world analysts of all intelligence and military departments urgently began to search for Glory’s contacts in order to offer him a leading place in their establishments and maybe even promise to give them an expensive camera.
  12. jurikberlin
    jurikberlin 23 January 2016 11: 24
    +9
    Quote: Wheel
    I well remember how our Pvoshniks sweared at what the light was: teach the Arabs, do not teach - the sense is all the same with gulkin.

    that’s how my dad served as the operator of the air defense system in Egypt. The Egyptians, as soon as they heard the roar of the dvigles of the Israeli phantoms, ran away from the installation of a hare.
    their destiny is to strike with a knife from under the silence ...
    1. exSUman
      exSUman 23 January 2016 21: 05
      +3
      It’s a bit of history ... in the campaign to the West, the Mongols actually had only 10% of their army. The remaining 90% of the countries conquered before that, the Chinese who controlled the wall-mounted guns showed themselves effectively, the Kipchaks felt confident in the saddle, the inhabitants of the Caucasus and the Persians showed themselves to be excellent foot soldiers ... all because the command of the Mongolian army used everyone competently and gave each unit, and these units were completed according to the territorial principle, a feasible task ... so that a competent commander and people who know how to hit with a knife from under the silence and flee also bring their contribution to the common victory ...
  13. Doctorleg
    Doctorleg 23 January 2016 11: 26
    +5
    I also remember the sickly impression of this operation, especially against the backdrop of forecasts that the Americans will have a hard time. It is not clear why Saddam climbed into Kuwait. Was there a little war with Iran? Or did you want fame? And as for voting at the UN, why was the USSR supposed to vote differently? Hussein acted as an aggressor and had to be punished and the status quo restored
    1. max702
      max702 23 January 2016 19: 53
      +6
      Quote: DoctorOleg
      It is not clear why Saddam climbed into Kuwait. Was there a little war with Iran? Or did you want fame?

      Paradoxically, the United States sent him there .. Yes, it was they! Sadam owed money to the West and pretty much, there were seams with the money and there were no particular prospects, he turned to the Americans, what should I do? And they are to him - You are a good guy and a respected person to Saddam, we will always help you .. Look, you have a neighbor who has grown too fat, and he is pretending not to know that, so take everything from him, give us the money, and we will continue our friendship and cooperation further .. Saddam certainly doubted whether it was possible, but he was assured .. You can! So he flooded to Kuwait for money .. The deed is done, and then once and such a bummer .. Condemnation around the world and so on .. Gardens to the United States, you said! You promised me! So I brought you money .. And no one promised him anything in return, and in general, keep this bloody money for yourself (for now) .. The United States carried out a brilliant combination to seize almost the entire Middle East, and most importantly, almost ALL oil reserves were taken under control .. How many US bases have appeared in the region for this shop? How much sheikhs paid the US for protection from the "evil" Saddam .. Here is such an operation in the style of a field of miracles .. Saddam did his job and in 2003 he left ..
      pc; Now a similar operation is going on in ruins .. And it will end like in Iraq, the country is in complete disarray, war, famine, deprivation .. There was no organized way to incite hohlops against Russia, but the rotting boil on the border and the rupture of economic and political ties are also excellent result!
    2. Scraptor
      Scraptor 24 January 2016 22: 29
      +2
      The punishment was not proportionate, but he climbed because he incited ... the United States, which punished Kuwait for re-exporting Iranian oil.
  14. sergei44442222
    sergei44442222 23 January 2016 11: 27
    +5
    the author of the article on any American fosterling, would go to the USSR, would cease to exist!
  15. AlNikolaich
    AlNikolaich 23 January 2016 12: 04
    +6
    Motivation, it’s all a matter ... Ours in the 1941 year did not bend, the Vietnamese in the 60s did not bend, the Afghan Mujahideen did not bend ...
    Still, support from abroad. The USSR was self-sufficient, but lendlis helped somewhat, Vietnam was assisted by the USSR and China, the American dushmans and Pakistan. There was already no one to help Iraq ...
    Further, actions in a defensive defense did not bring success to anyone ... Only successful counterattacks and destruction of enemy forces! How many aircraft carriers sank the Iraqis? No one! And one would be enough to end the war ...
    1. Scraptor
      Scraptor 24 January 2016 22: 31
      0
      China helped the dushmans most of all, he is an ally of Pakistan
    2. Vanches
      Vanches 2 October 2020 19: 03
      0
      did not bend, only 4 million surrendered in captivity, and Iraq is not Russia will not be able to exhaust the enemy with a retreat
  16. oxotnuk86
    oxotnuk86 23 January 2016 12: 06
    +1
    Aeneas is all of Saddam's crashed planes. Saddam did not have time to capture his victories, and the models and types were very different. I bought it everywhere. I agree with the "evil beaver" was bought by the generals so mediocre to manage the troops. And they knew that there would be an invasion and were not prepared for the meeting. Yes, and Saddam lost, why are you running, hiding all the same, they will hand over (fished out) and There will be a shameful execution. The commander-in-chief sent soldiers to death, so be a WARRIOR yourself.
    1. Aeneas
      Aeneas 23 January 2016 15: 19
      +4
      https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Dynamics_F-16_Fighting_Falcon эта фотка отсюда
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Aeneas
      Aeneas 23 January 2016 15: 29
      +9
      phantom, f 16, tornado, thunderbolt in the pictures - these are not exactly Iraqi airplanes soldier
      1. Scraptor
        Scraptor 24 January 2016 22: 34
        0
        this is a non-combat loss ... with low compilation in the incubus
  17. King, just king
    King, just king 23 January 2016 12: 45
    +6
    And what kind of wreckage like "Thunderbolt" is, I've already spotted all the little eyes. What kind of scrap metal, or is it still A-10?
    And the last tail is kind of like from Tornado, no?
    1. Volga Cossack
      Volga Cossack 23 January 2016 20: 55
      +2
      it is)))) just noticed ..... well, I will support .....
    2. The comment was deleted.
  18. bear
    bear 23 January 2016 17: 05
    +3
    The events that took place in the Persian Gulf from January to March 1991 have clearly shown that it is useless to compete with the United States in military terms without a "Kuzka mother". Without it, they can easily break and crush anyone like Iraq. It is strange that Saddam Hussein did not understand this and hoped for something

    But with this I do not agree !!! My teeth would break along with the whole geyropa.
  19. Ngauro
    Ngauro 23 January 2016 17: 10
    +6
    But nevertheless, the coalition lost more than 40 aircraft. Despite the fact that Iraq’s air defense was not designed for a massive attack from three directions. Against the neighbors, she was quite adequate at that time
  20. Asperr43
    Asperr43 23 January 2016 17: 10
    0
    And my watch was a Chistopol Storm Plant in the Desert! They say that they gave it to the operation participants. Good-winding watch!
  21. Surgeon_XXX
    Surgeon_XXX 23 January 2016 18: 33
    +4
    Yes, we would be gouging all of NATO in two weeks without nuclear weapons! In conventional armaments, we had no equal, only nuclear weapons would have saved the Westerners in the event of a war with the VD countries.
  22. Real stalinist
    Real stalinist 23 January 2016 18: 33
    +3
    aggression by the United States and its satellites against the USSR would have looked approximately the same as Desert Storm, of course, adjusted for the scale.
    What kind of nonsense?
    the Americans were driving an army of Papuans across the bare desert, who for some reason imagined themselves to be the coolest in the area. The Soviet army, even at the peak of collapse and without nuclear weapons, would have given a commensurate response.
  23. Type 63
    Type 63 23 January 2016 19: 37
    +4
    The problem is that the West was opposed by Arabs, whose mentality is extremely specific. If Iraqis were replaced by North Vietnamese in this war, the result would be more interesting. It might not be possible to defeat the coalition, but they would wash themselves with blood.
  24. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 23 January 2016 20: 53
    +1
    Otozh Bullshit- comparison ........ no words, minus article!
  25. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 24 January 2016 09: 44
    +3
    Well, a lot of work has been done, a lot of interesting and useful material, the conclusions of the analysis are deep .... but it won’t work. It will not work because of the initial false idea and fitting facts to the desired answer.
    Despite the fact that, compared to the Second World War, our ideological battery is low, it seems that in the process of war everything would be restored. In this regard, the West will be thinner.
    On the basis of the defeat of Hussein to draw far-reaching conclusions, it was you, dear author, who were in a hurry. You need to start the topic from the beginning, and not from the end, you look and the conclusions will be wrong. It began not with burnt equipment, but with what Saddam got into Kuwait, who are the allies, who said "don't do it."
    And the role of the native state is not from the noble. It's not about voting at the UN. After the war, there was much talk that Gorbachev handed over to the United States all codes and frequencies from missile guidance systems. I'm not an expert but I understand this one could. It was necessary to earn points. Therefore, the army of Saddat was immediately powerless. She was beaten from great distances, but she could not answer. If we had remained behind the Iron Curtain, there would have been not only a rout, the United States simply would not have snooped.
  26. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 24 January 2016 12: 00
    +2
    "Desert Storm" is interesting for the first mass application in history
    long-range highly accurate conventional weapons: especially the KR Tomahawk.
    The use of the first global system was also a revolution in military affairs.
    positioning - GPS.
  27. unknown
    unknown 24 January 2016 16: 12
    +1
    Hussein has always been an American puppet. For the time being, until the time it was used for its intended purpose, it was allowed to commit small pranks. And when he began to play, starred, decided that he was independent, removed. Like Gaddafi. A person who begins to play with a shuler makes only one mistake - begins to play with a shuler.
  28. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 24 January 2016 18: 18
    0
    Well the author said ...
  29. Kyrgyz
    Kyrgyz 24 January 2016 20: 18
    +3
    If NATO against Iraq is an analogue of the war against the USSR, will it be correct to assume in the author’s opinion that Russia against Georgia 2008 is an analogue of the war against NATO?))))
  30. Elena2013
    Elena2013 24 January 2016 23: 30
    +1
    D / f Deadly Dust (2014)
    The terrible consequences of the use of depleted uranium shells.

  31. The comment was deleted.