On the mistakes of Muammar Gaddafi

On the mistakes of Muammar Gaddafi

The achievements of the Libyan Jamahiriya (among them are the “Water Project” and the high level of welfare of Libyan citizens, projects to unite Africa and create a single monetary system for the African Union, etc.) were mentioned quite a lot, but the fatal mistakes of the Gaddafi regime which ultimately led to his fall.


His main mistake is "Flexibility" of foreign policy. The colonel with his political throwings created such a situation that he had almost no allies, even among the outspoken enemies of the West. So, Iran was an opponent of the West, but provided diplomatic support to the Transitional National Council (PNS). For Tehran, Gaddafi was not an ally, but a competitor in the struggle for influence in the Islamic world.

Based on this policy, Gaddafi until recently did not believe in the possibility of an attack on Libya. Tripoli was a “friend and ally” of Italy, France, good relations developed with Russia, China. There were no apparent reasons for striking Libya. Gaddafi himself in 2003 year refused to develop nuclear weapons, severed relations with the so-called. “international terrorism,” paid a large amount to the relatives of those killed in the explosion of an airplane over the Scottish village of Lockerbie (although this is a very dark matter, there are doubts that Tripoli was involved in it). He helped European countries to contain the wave of illegal migration to Western Europe from Africa. He invested large sums in the Western financial system, supporting it. Gave expensive gifts to Western leaders and their entourage.

From this error follows another - Muammar Gaddafi's striking inattention to the needs of his armed forces, especially to its key types, the latest air defense systems, air forces, coastal defense systems. Outwardly, Libya, after the lifting of the embargo in 2004, was active in modernizing the obsolete weapons of its armed forces. But in reality, Gaddafi and his military have been asking and choosing for too long. The Libyan armed forces remained at the level of the mid-1980s, although before their eyes were examples of Yugoslavia and Iraq, which possessed a more powerful defense than the Jamahiriya. More than 6 years have been wasted. Although the Colonel had no problems with finances, and Russia would be happy to help complete the modernization of the Libyan Armed Forces. "Armor", "Buki", "Torah" and S-300 could reliably cover the sky of the country, MiG-35 and Su-30 - to meet the erupted Aviation the enemy. Given the fact that most of the NATO forces operated from the sea, the Bastion anti-ship missile systems and Lightning-type missile boats would greatly strengthen the country's defense.

The presence of finance from Tripoli would help to hire military experts from Ukraine, Belarus and Russia to train Libyan specialists. Obviously, they could for good money and make war on the side of Gaddafi. Such a rearmament of the Libyan Armed Forces would have cooled the "hawks" of the West.

Even when the war had already begun, the Colonel believed that there were good chances to come to terms "in an amicable way" without escalating the conflict. Therefore, he made another mistake (Milosevic also committed it when they bombed Yugoslavia), did not respond to the West in full. With his financial resources and time since the 2001 bombing of the year, when it became clear that the United States would "modernize" the Islamic world, the Colonel could create sabotage cells throughout Europe and the United States or simply buy people who would become suicide bombers. Strikes with the help of "suicide" units, saboteurs on Western society (explosions or attacks on banks, state institutions, infrastructure facilities) could dramatically undermine the desire to fight.

Gaddafi's internal error - he actually "dismissed" his subjects, they lived better than other Africans, while many Libyans became parasites, idlers. A huge number of workers, employees, specialists both from Black Africa and North Africa (tens of thousands of Tunisians, Egyptians, etc.) and from countries distant from Africa, such as Ukraine and Belarus, traveled to the country. Plus, the expansion of this consumer society by Europe close to them - satellite TV, the Internet showed an even higher standard of living (in many respects the situation is similar to the decomposition of the Soviet man in the street with attractive pictures of European life). As a result, young people and part of the population fell for stories about “democracy”, in which life would be even better.

When the uprising began, Gaddafi tightened (I didn’t believe that it was already a war, not a petty provocation) with the suppression of the uprising in Benghazi and other cities of Cyrenaica. He gave create bridgeheadthrough which the country began to break. In Syria, Assad did not repeat this mistake - all emerging foci immediately “extinguish”.

One of the reasons for such “relaxation” is poor training and organization (discipline) of the Libyan security forces, which was later confirmed by the numerous betrayals of senior officers and intelligence officers.

Gaddafi and his state security missed the "stirring" of the opposition, which was in full swing making contacts with Western intelligence agencies before the war. Often, the Colonel made theatrical gestures, letting everyone out of jail, even those who threatened him with death and participated in conspiracies. The Libyan leader gave the West to prepare the "fifth column" for the performance, did not stop its activities and the work of Western intelligence services in Libya.

It is even surprising that with such serious failures he was able to resist for so long.
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  1. erix-xnumx 29 October 2011 09: 09 New
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    The correct spelling is not About Errors ... but ABOUT Errors ...
    1. kosmos84 29 October 2011 09: 28 New
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      polkonnik-4 paragraph
  2. Ragnarek 29 October 2011 09: 19 New
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    good article! I hope Assad will not make these mistakes
  3. Sergh
    Sergh 29 October 2011 10: 17 New
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    Urgent, urgent to expand the base in Syria! I hope our grouping for this rushing there. Bashar himself rushes ours to himself, well done, ass bench press. If only they wouldn’t collapse, otherwise the whole world will laugh, I’m sure this will not happen. In the Black Sea, ships climbed onto the deck to Merikos (twisted it ten times), so in the 12th something would be interesting.
  4. mox
    mox 29 October 2011 10: 43 New
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    I do not agree!
    "Gaddafi until recently did not believe in the possibility of an attack on Libya," that is, he turns sclerotic and forgot the bombing of Libya in the 80s? Well, Iraq, Afghanistan, Somalia?
    "" Flexibility "of foreign policy" has nothing to do with it, but why is the ossification of the internal one not taken into account? 42 years in power! He was terribly divorced from the people for which he paid.
    1. slan
      slan 29 October 2011 17: 16 New
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      Quote: mox
      He turns sclerotic and forgot the bombing of Libya in the 80s? Well, Iraq, Afghanistan, Somalia?

      And here is Afghanistan, and even more so Somalia? With Hussein, you can still draw an analogy, he also played with the West. But Gaddafi did not forget the bombing, but thought he had resolved the issue.
    2. sedoj 1 November 2011 00: 29 New
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      Just, flirting with the West, I thought that he was also in the cage. But the West does not remember good. The West only remembers a good slap. Then a good attitude and friendly hugs.
  5. Anatoly
    Anatoly 29 October 2011 10: 43 New
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    Take a closer look at the photo ... very thoughtful and revealing.
    Especially the smiles of the three clowns on the left.
    1. PLO
      PLO 29 October 2011 11: 22 New
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      they already know)
    2. datur 29 October 2011 13: 03 New
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      Anatolyyeah especially the clown in a blue tie wink
      1. PLO
        PLO 29 October 2011 13: 08 New
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        ahah, by the way, Sarkozy covers his ass, and Obama eggs)
        Why did it happen?
        1. Volkhov
          Volkhov 29 October 2011 18: 49 New
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          Sarkozy hides bluish paws - his pigmentation of his hands does not match his face.
  6. Igor Vladimirovich
    Igor Vladimirovich 29 October 2011 11: 34 New
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    Everyone thinks he is a strategist seeing the fight from the side.
    Speaking of birds, Not a little is said about the danger of implementing such a scenario in Russia. So what? And there is money and the danger is not comic. The rehearsal, though not successful, was in Georgia. And the situation resembles a joke: Khan tells the prince under the walls of the city -
    "Give up! "
    "And what is it?" - asks the prince.
    "We are darkness!" - says the khan.
    "And us.rat!" - the prince answers.
    No one believes that this horror can come to his house. But in vain. "Want peace, get ready for war!" - they said back in ancient times.
  7. Uhalus 29 October 2011 12: 47 New
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    Yes, the colonel grew old, relaxed. He decided that if he gave the people, if not everything, then a lot, then he would be satisfied and would not want more. Decided that if he was the head for 40 years, they would not want to push him. I forgot the principle of politics: a smile on his face, a knife in his bosom - just look away! Yes, and became sentimental, mumbled with the rebels.
    And if he arranged his party and special services for the 37th year (well, at least in a softened version), it could have gone a different way ...
    Sorry. And the colonel, and the country.
  8. mitrich
    mitrich 29 October 2011 13: 11 New
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    I wonder how you can "BUY people who are ready to become MORTALS"? After all, where they go, money seems to be useless repeat .
    Or does the author imagine the recruitment of a suicide bomber: you have a million, drink, walk, lecherous, and then work out your life? It is doubtful to me that the candidate for the next world after such a life will want to complete the task.
    No, all the same, such fanatics are selected either on the basis of ideology or on a religious basis.
    1. raf
      raf 29 October 2011 21: 24 New
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      That's right, mitrich fanatics are selected on the basis of ideology or on a religious basis, but in order to prepare them you need a lot of money! Money is needed to hire specialists, buy equipment, etc., etc.
    2. wasjasibirjac 3 November 2011 18: 38 New
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      it’s not so difficult - providing families and relatives, the opportunity to study as a junior - and the elder is already ready to "walk around". it turns out that they bought his life and death for the life of his relatives
      1. puffnutiy
        puffnutiy 7 November 2011 14: 10 New
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        All right! Payment of a large amount to relatives after death. This will work in many Arab and even African countries.
  9. Volkhov
    Volkhov 29 October 2011 14: 14 New
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    Beautiful photo and text nonsense. What is the point of buying Russian air defense equipment when the leadership is US servants? The rejection of terrorism is the basis of moral victory, which was only achievable and did not leave the West with excuses.
    Gaddafi, Fidel and Chavez are the Reich’s henchmen and forefather, and he has made his contribution to the war and continues to act - Zionism and NATO are compromised, the organization of a bridgehead and airbases on the territory. Libya has been detained for more than half a year, units formed that are fighting ideologically, and not for an apartment with a salary, the country's leadership has been preserved - no one after all boasts of seizing the headquarters.
    Another question is the participation of peoples in the war of Zionism with the Reich, is suicidal, and we don’t have to go there, with or without Kuznetsov, let them personally defend their ideas, there is a lot of melted sand in the Sahara, a little of them will be added.
    1. mitrich
      mitrich 29 October 2011 14: 20 New
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      Volkhov,
      I want to ask you for a long time. What is the Reich and what states are included in it?
      1. Foamas 29 October 2011 15: 15 New
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        In this case, the Reich (roots in Nazism) is seen as an emissary of an external customer who must destroy Zionism in case of its superiority.
        1. mitrich
          mitrich 29 October 2011 15: 20 New
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          Foamas,
          You see, I'm not too smart. Could it be more specific?
        2. mitrich
          mitrich 29 October 2011 15: 47 New
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          Foamas,
          to complete the picture: did you mean the same thing as the Volkhov?
      2. Volkhov
        Volkhov 29 October 2011 15: 35 New
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        The Reich is the result of negotiations with Dulles in 43 ... 44 years, which in fact were a success. The Nazis evacuated up to 2 million people to bases around the world - both underground and ground (for example, in the Congo OTRAG training ground), Stalin's militarism after the war - an attempt to "gain" or gain technical parity, but it was frustrated. Now the technical gap is enormous - they have non-rocket astronautics, bases outside the Earth, powerful agents here (look at the publication of unprofitable "memoir" literature and the Nazi movement in the areas of occupation, nuclear sabotage in Chernobyl, Raspadskaya, Ordzhonikidze mine). The West has flirted with the Reich for more than 60 years, it has grown, and now, a year before the geophysical disaster, when the city is no longer sorry, they started the war with the wrong hands in the hope of obtaining samples of equipment and how much it would damage the competitors.
        The futility of the Zionist mafia in science should be compensated by the troops and to disentangle the population, dodging bombs and meeting the Flood as a surprise.
        1. mitrich
          mitrich 29 October 2011 15: 43 New
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          Volkhov,
          Now everything is clear. The underground base of HAG in the jungle, the base outside the Earth, all this is very serious. I have no more questions wink !
          1. Volkhov
            Volkhov 29 October 2011 16: 19 New
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            Maybe take on their exploits, the list is long, or try on yourself ...
            1. mitrich
              mitrich 29 October 2011 16: 38 New
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              Volkhov,
              I will answer you this way:
              You are either too or too informed a person who knows what everyone else does not know, or, to put it mildly, too susceptible science fiction.
              UFOs have a material and, seemingly, extraterrestrial basis, these are not inventions of madmen and schizophrenics, but this is not a two millionth Reich, as it seems to you. This is an example.
              And what you write, of course, can be considered an opinion, but from this it does not cease to be less delusional.
              1. Joker
                Joker 30 October 2011 00: 19 New
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                mitrich

                As for the Reich and UFOs, I recommend searching for films on the topic "UFO German footprint." There are very interesting facts there, including a story about the adventures of Admiral Byrd and his small flotilla, 12 ships including an aircraft carrier sent for scientific research on the ice of Antarctica in 1947. By the way, 11 ships returned, the aircraft carrier embarked on a long period of repair.
                1. puffnutiy
                  puffnutiy 7 November 2011 14: 13 New
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                  It is believed that the squadron of Admiral Brad fought near Antarctica with Soviet aircraft. Stories about UFOs are a distraction for hiding this in secret.
        2. evgenm55 29 October 2011 17: 21 New
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          Niiii-fig yourself ...
        3. Terminator
          Terminator 30 October 2011 20: 40 New
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          How it all starts ...
        4. APASUS 30 October 2011 21: 56 New
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          Quote: Volkhov
          The Nazis evacuated up to 2 million people to bases around the world - both underground and ground (for example, in the Congo the OTRAG training ground),

          It turns out that there is a parallel nation? With colossal resources and advanced engineering, it also has a worldwide influence!
          And it is known only to Vasya!
          Sit down Vasya, for the dissertation!
          1. Volkhov
            Volkhov 31 October 2011 01: 11 New
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            My suggestion is to prepare for a natural disaster, but not to start a military one, then a few percent will survive, and knowledge will help them.
            Your KGB idea is to hide a natural catastrophe from the population, but for now to occupy people with a world war so that, in your optimistic view, only the elite survived. And everyone who understands something needs to put their tongue in the w .. and stretch it like this for six months - a year.
            You are applauded by an external culture that needs this ball.
            1. APASUS 31 October 2011 19: 10 New
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              Quote: Volkhov
              Your KGB idea

              Don’t write what you don’t know! If you have specific information, share it, and your texts are just a bunch of fantasies !!!
  10. Max
    Max 29 October 2011 16: 50 New
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    Well summed up, Samson. Catch a plus sign. Although from all this we can single out the most fatal cause of the war and the fall of the regime - it's a betrayal of the west. In the first turn of Italy, because Gaddafi was a frequent guest of international visits from the EU and the USA. And here - a knife in the back. This once again demonstrated that the hypocritical West counts only with force.
  11. strelok-07
    strelok-07 29 October 2011 16: 59 New
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    The great, and not so, people of past times said, “Do you want PEACE, get ready for war,” “A state that does not feed its army will feed a stranger,” etc. The world puppeteers have not abandoned their plans, and their scenario "RUSSIA" has not yet been fully realized. And Reich or not Reich, US. In modern Russia, the opportunities not to kneel before the adversary, a huge amount, I will not list. But the leader, among the current leaders of the state and people's representatives, is NOT. Most of our people have no time to think about problems in the world, there are no end to everyday problems. Yes, and thinking PEOPLE, our rulers do not need. Or I'm wrong.
    1. Volkhov
      Volkhov 29 October 2011 18: 39 New
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      You are right, but in addition to the number of RATI, you need eyes and a brain, otherwise the army gets into the ground, in Russia the villages are empty and the cemeteries are full. To "prepare for war" you need to see reality, and not a cartoon drawn by an interested culture, then quite an average mind is enough to make practical decisions. In order for comments to start thinking, templates are not overcome at once.
      1. Magadan 30 October 2011 01: 16 New
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        let's all the same there will be no theory to build on the books of Golovanov and other unscientific fiction.
  12. Magadan 30 October 2011 01: 29 New
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    In general, the West once again acted with "brilliant cynicism", which was not the first time: they fed Gaddafi like a bull for slaughter, lulled him with fairy tales of friendship, and then sent this bull to a slaughterhouse. The prize is a country with huge oil reserves, plus all the loot that Gaddafi had on their accounts.
    But the scheme is good: we are friends, we smile, lull us to sleep, we draw it into the "global market", we develop "institutions of democracy", we introduce our people, we immediately determine the set of slogans for the discontented (which in any country there are always) and wait for the moment when everything ready to strike. I really hope that everyone in Russia will finally understand - the West is preparing a serious trick for us, not only introducing its agents, not only creating collapse schemes through all sorts of legislative acts and sub-acts, but also processing the entire population through the media, pumping a wave of discontent. The dudes there are so cunning and with such a perverted mind (without any hint of conscience) that a normal person cannot guess their plans.
  13. L. konstantin
    L. konstantin 30 October 2011 14: 08 New
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    if he knew in the future with whom fotkatsya !!! the first from the left is six the second is six and the third is "democrat" **** st!

    Magadan! Do you think that no one in Russia understands !? everything is clear for a long time! so good !? Bush didn’t answer for the crime of September 11th. senior also did not answer! Putin is similar! and still going to be elected!
  14. Lexx 30 October 2011 16: 01 New
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    The insight came too late:
    In 2008, you were welcomed in London, Tony Blair hugged with your father, and you yourself received a doctorate from the London School of Economics. Only three years have passed - and now all the media are scolding you, NATO is firing rockets at Libya and trying to kill you, and there is a civil war in your country. Why has your fate changed so dramatically?

    SAIF AL-ISLAM QADDAFI: This is an important lesson for everyone: for us and for everyone else. Many countries (Iran, North Korea and others) now tell us: “See, Libyans, what was your mistake? You gave up weapons of mass destruction, you curtailed the creation of ballistic missiles, you began to be friends with the West - and here you have the result. ” What turns out? It turns out that this is a signal for everyone: you need to be strong, you can never trust the West, and you must always be on your guard. Because for these people there is no friendship. They changed their attitude towards us in one day and began to bomb Libya. The same thing can happen to any country.

    Since we are talking about mistakes and lessons for the future, what would you do differently now?

    SAIF AL-ISLAM QADDAFI: One of our main mistakes is that we stopped, or rather, stopped the purchase of modern weapons, especially from Russia. It was a big mistake. We also slowed down the process of creating a strong army. We thought that we would never have to fight again. We thought that both the USA and Europe have now become our friends and we will never have to fight again.
  15. Pinocchio
    Pinocchio 30 October 2011 17: 46 New
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    The Western military bloc and the USA have once again demonstrated how to capture a country (for the umpteenth time) without burdening themselves with human losses, how to brainwash not only the whole nation, but also the top leadership of the state, and then demonstrate frightening shots to eliminate the so-called tyrant leaders etc. In the case of Libya, a colossal psychological counter-operation of the entire leadership corps and special services was undertaken by the West ...... but when the insight came, time was already lost ....... Such aggressive military operations are developed not one day, but its secrecy very high ........ but even with this scenario in Libya, Gaddafi could hold out for a relatively long time ........ There was a lot of money, but there was no powerful army and ideology ... that would protect Jamahiriya and achievements of the social-Islamic revolution .........
  16. Artemka
    Artemka 30 October 2011 17: 53 New
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    I agree that Gaddafi himself had $ 200 billion in his accounts, so why didn’t he use these, in fact, rather non-malleable funds.
    1. Eugene 30 October 2011 21: 19 New
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      I read the information that M. Gaddafi did not and could not have such funds. And in recent years, he has bent Italy very hard (payment of compensation for colonization, obligations to restore infrastructure, etc.). In general, he behaved very strongly in foreign policy (recently), there were very big plans for the unification of the Arab world. Perhaps he provoked Europeans and America through these actions and plans. In addition, the very location of the country is very convenient for further colonization (the Mediterranean, from the south all of Africa, to the east of the Arabs) and the creation of a military base (which is planned). Plus, at one time with the help of the USSR, it kicked the states (which also played a motivating role).
      And returning to the funds of M. Gaddafi in the West. Does this information come from? It is beneficial to anyone in this form? Probably you should not trust them. And the funds that they transferred to the PNS (or declared that they transferred) were declared as Libyan funds.
  17. runway 30 October 2011 22: 12 New
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    After the assassination of Gaddafi, it would seem that everyone understood the reasons for the tragedy that occurred in Libya. But no. To the author of the article, as it turns out, everything remained incomprehensible. Like a hedgehog in the fog, he seeks errors in the actions of the deceased. This should probably be taken as a warning to the posterity of the author: “Do not commit, they say, like ...”, and not as mockery of the deceased. To explain common truths to the author is a thankless task (there are big doubts that he will understand everything). I will say only one reason for the hatred of the United States and the West towards Gaddafi. He pursued anti-American and anti-Western policies. Yes, he deliberately did not prepare for war and wanted peace. But what are dozens of fighter jets and tactical air defense systems against the NATO armada?
    I’m not sure that the author would have acted better in this situation.
    In conclusion, I want to say that despite all the subsequent "investigations of Gaddafi’s mistakes" by such authors, Muammar Gaddafi worthy of martyrdom before the eyes of so many people. In any religion, and in Islam, too, this is an honorable death, equated to the great feat of a holy man.
  18. Krilion 31 October 2011 05: 18 New
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    The point is not Gaddafi’s mistakes, but the fact that having a real opportunity, if not prevented by applying a “veto” on the relevant UN resolution, then at least hamper NATO aggression, Russia chose the role of a passive observer. This is the case when inaction can be assessed as direct assistance and support to the aggressor. Who is responsible for this - everyone knows perfectly well.
    1. Pinocchio
      Pinocchio 31 October 2011 19: 07 New
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      I agree that Russia unfortunately was involved in the death of Gaddafi ... But our DAMA is still walking and smiling ...... and insists that the UN resolution on Libya was the only true .....
  19. scinetifik
    scinetifik 1 November 2011 16: 43 New
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    "Gaddafi’s internal mistake - he actually" dismissed "his subjects, they lived better than other Africans ..." is this what happens, people need to be kept in a black body? so that only food and the first natural needs were enough? what a fellow ... that’s how our government probably thinks.
  20. Patriot
    Patriot 2 November 2011 12: 31 New
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    Volkhov
    My suggestion is to prepare for a natural disaster, but not to start a military one, then a few percent will survive, and knowledge will help them.

    Good afternoon. And if without jokes, then what kind of disaster do you personally expect and what do you think should be a reason for it? Describe your vision of the situation and the consequences of the disaster. Will it be later or global warming or cooling ...? Thanks in advance.
  21. Patriot
    Patriot 2 November 2011 12: 50 New
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    Krilion
    Russia has chosen the role of a passive observer

    I agree. And what can you say about the position of China, which according to reviews had much more projects in Libya? WHY EYE-EYES SILENT? Thus surrendering your projects to NATO?
  22. puffnutiy
    puffnutiy 7 November 2011 14: 17 New
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    “Armor”, “Buki”, “Torah” and S-300 could reliably cover the sky of the country, MiG-35 and Su-30 - to meet the enemy's erupted aircraft. Given the fact that most of the NATO forces operated from the sea, the Bastion anti-ship missile systems and Lightning-type missile boats would greatly strengthen the country's defense


    It seems to me that Russia could not have supplied half of this equipment to Libya (especially the MiG-35, see the state of the MiG plant at the moment). Here, even in peacetime, military factories cannot produce sophisticated equipment in large volumes. Not enough specialists, but no ordinary workers. When one aircraft factory buys from another welder, increasing his pay by 5 tr it should already be talking about something.