Military Review

Day of the navigator service of the Air Force of the Russian Federation

34
March 24 in Russia is the Day of the Navigation Service of the Air Force. This holiday appeared in the military calendar of the country recently - in 2000-th year, when the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Air Force signed the corresponding order. The order itself appeared in connection with numerous appeals to the country's main defense department by representatives of the Air Force navigator service, who reported that the state could mark the difficult navigational work as a separate date in the holiday calendar of the Russian Federation. 2 August 2000, then Air Force Commander Anatoly Kornukov decided to satisfy the request. The day of the Air Force navigator service since 2001 in Russia is officially celebrated.


Day of the navigator service of the Air Force of the Russian Federation


Why exactly March 24 was the date of the celebration of the day of the military navigator? The fact is that on that day back in 1916 an order was signed on the formation of a Central Air Navigation Station in Russia. The course of the First World War spoke of a significant military advantage of those states that had a developed air force fleetbased on strategically important information, in turn, obtained during air navigation observations. The Air Navigation Service made it possible to determine effective options for using military aviation in certain conditions. However, during the First World Service, it was never destined to develop into a full-fledged segment of the air fleet, since the Russian air fleet itself did not have full state support, and the development of events was not so much on the fronts as inside Russia itself did not allow to pay due attention such a development.

By the time of the 1917 revolution of the year, as a result of which the Bolsheviks came to power, only a third remained of the squad in the Russian army, and the level of training of those who supported the revolutionary split left much to be desired. The situation was even worse with the navigators, who in those years were called aeronauticals. By 1920, there were about 46 people all over the country. By 1923, the situation began to improve, as the first flying schools appeared in the Soviet Union that had begun to form, and at the highest level it was decided to allocate aeronautical posts in squadrons. These specialists were trained according to the program of so-called observer pilots, who accumulated experience in piloting aircraft, adhering to the most significant landmarks on the earth's surface. For obvious reasons, there was no talk of the presence of any "advanced" navigational instruments that could automatically help the pilot to lead the aircraft. All navigation work was carried out using the tools that can now be seen in the museums of military aviation. Within a few months, it was decided that the aeronautical specialty should be equated with the flight crew.

Boris Sterligov made a huge contribution to the development of the navigator service of the Air Force at the initial stage of its formation in Soviet Russia. He can rightly be called the founding father of the navigator service in the form in which she began her full-fledged development in the structure of domestic military aviation. Boris Vasilievich is known for his air flight on the route Moscow-New York in 1929, committed with the crew commander S.A. Shestakov. At the start of the 1930, he became the Chief Navigator of the Air Force. Boris Sterligov came to the air fleet of the country in 1923 year - after training in the Petrograd technical artillery school, fighting on the fronts of the Civil War, graduating from the Higher Military Pedagogical School of Moscow and teaching at infantry and machine gun courses in Baku. After Boris Vasilyevich turned out to be the Chief Air Fleet of Soviet Russia, he was appointed to the post of deputy head of the Central Air Navigation Station. Two years later, Boris Sterligov with the crew commander V.O. Pisarenko flew Moscow-Sevastopol-Kiev with a total length of 3000 km. Boris Vasilievich worked the route, having no radio equipment or maps at his disposal, but using only a compass course and landmarks.

Boris Sterligov led the country's main navigation service until the second half of the 40s. During this time, he managed to develop his own method of compass navigation (both during the day and at night), which became the same for the air crews and air navigators. Under his leadership, special barometric altitude meters and plane speed indicators, a solar heading indicator, and a navigation sight were developed.

In the year 1930 in the Soviet Union appears, in fact, the first edition, entirely devoted to the work of aviation navigators. This is the “Guide to Air Navigation”, and then the “Manual on the Air Navigation Service NANS-30”, which for several years became full-fledged training aids for domestic (and not only domestic) navigators. By the way, the concept of aviation navigator is mentioned for the first time in these training materials in the USSR.

1930-th year can be considered special for the navigator service. It was in 1930 that, thanks to Boris Sterligov’s personal appeal to the leadership of the Air Force, the organization of the air navigation, aerial photography and meteorological services was established.

After a couple of years, the NANS-32 appears, thanks to which the posts of the observer pilots are replaced by the navigator posts. In 1933, Boris Sterligov and received the post of chief navigator (flagshturmana) Air Force.

It should be noted, and another outstanding achievement of the first chief navigator of the country's military fleet. It is about developing a unique operation for the delivery of lend-lease aircraft from the USA to the USSR through Alaska. This is the famous Alsib - an air route from Alaska to Siberia, which began operating in 1942 year. In the US, the start of the route took in the city of Great Falls (Nevada), and ended in Nome and Fairbanks in Alaska. From there, the aircraft moved to Chukotka and Yakutia. To this end, several airfields were built in the USSR in Seimchan, Kirensk, and Uelkale. Auxiliary runways also operated - Oymyakon, Olyokminsk, Markovo, Susuman, Aldan. A whole series of airfields was preparing to receive airplanes in Zyryanka, Anadyr and other settlements in the northern part of the Far East. Soviet pilots overtook American aircraft, for which the USSR government paid off with Washington with gold and other material assets, from Nome and Fairbanks to the territory of the Soviet Union.

In 1944, the flight was carried out by Alsibu on an airplane carrying the Vice President of the USA, Henry Wallace. In total, over the years of the airway (1942-1945), the 128 371 passenger and 18 753 tons of cargo were transported via it. In Krasnoyarsk, there is a plaque dedicated to the pilots who participated in the so-called distillation teams for Alsib.



The significance of the navigation service for the Russian Air Force and the country's security as a whole is difficult to overestimate. Chelyabinsk branch of the Air Force Academy named after Prof. Zhukovsky N.Ye. and Gagarin Yu.A. released 29 navigators, four of them went to serve in the Crimean peninsula.



Chief Navigator of the Russian Air Force Mikhail Zvyagin:
The military navigator is the main burden on the application weapons, means of reconnaissance, landing, the use of electronic warfare. Therefore, the role of the navigator will certainly increase. Those who disbanded schools, or integrated the educational status of flight personnel training, eliminating the navigator's university from this process, were probably wrong in this regard, considering that the navigator's era was ending. Fortunately, it is not. I, as the head of the navigational service, are deeply convinced that this specialty will be in great demand both in the present and in the future.


"Military Review" congratulates the navigators of the Russian Air Force and veterans of the navigator service on their professional holiday!
34 comments
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  1. avvg
    avvg 24 March 2015 05: 33
    +12
    WITH YOUR HOLIDAY YOU ARE STUDENTS OF THE RUSSIAN AIR FORCE, HEALTH AND WELL-BEING !!! Eternal memory to the navigators of the dead, in the performance of official duties !!!
    1. Samaritan
      Samaritan 24 March 2015 08: 36
      +7
      Navigators on holiday, and navigators of anti-submarine aircraft - doubly !!!
      drinks
    2. major071
      major071 24 March 2015 09: 14
      +8
      Happy holiday navigators! good

      Well, those who studied in 1989-1993. in CHVAKUSH - huge greetings to you from ChVTKU! More than once the "trucks" kicked their ears "plywood"! drinks
      1. Col.
        Col. 24 March 2015 09: 37
        +6
        Quote: major071
        Well, and students in 1989-1993g. in ChVAKUSH - a huge hello to you from ChVTKU!


        Hello "chulyabs"! Sorry, brother, this is how our colleagues from Chelyabinsk were jokingly called in VVVAUSH. Graduate of VVVAUSH (Bagerovo) 1980! drinks

        By the way, in our years, all cadets knew the saying attributed to Peter I: "The navigator is a boorish brat, he is eager for women and wine, however, for his knowledge of the sciences of cunning navigators, he is allowed to enter the wardroom and bring a glass."
        1. major071
          major071 24 March 2015 11: 48
          +7
          Col.
          Quote: major071
          Well, and students in 1989-1993g. in ChVAKUSH - a huge hello to you from ChVTKU!

          Hello "chulyabs"! Sorry, brother, this is how our colleagues from Chelyabinsk were jokingly called in VVVAUSH. Graduate of VVVAUSH (Bagerovo) 1980! drinks


          So I'm not a navigator! wink I’m just a tanker! Happy holiday again! drinks
          1. bort4145
            bort4145 24 March 2015 12: 02
            +1
            Happy holiday, men!
          2. dfg354tedfh
            dfg354tedfh 25 March 2015 02: 37
            0
            Quitting smoking for a week was real, as long as I tried to quit, nothing helped until I advised this method, now I advise you, it really helped and after a week I already forgot about cigarettes. Now I'm afraid to even think how much money was spent on this addiction. And about the method it is correctly written here - http://akimov-ivan.blogspot.com
      2. serge 1
        serge 1 24 March 2015 16: 30
        +1
        But it was impossible to drive your trucks away from our rations, especially when ours entered the commandant's office! Your nachkar was the first with a "plate"! And hello to you !!!
  2. Chetlander
    Chetlander 24 March 2015 05: 33
    -31%
    I wonder when peace will come, and the DNI and LC will receive freedom. NATO troops will deploy missiles in the Ukrainian city of Sumy? Mostly Ukrainians live there, Russians in the region live compactly, that is, there will be no problems.
    And how long does a rocket fly from the city of Sumy to Moscow?
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 24 March 2015 05: 37
      +19
      Happy Holiday, Navigators !!! soldier Beautiful shape, heavy briefcase.
      They envy me, but a little less, believe me.
      I am a navigator.

      In the eyes of intelligence and seven spans in the forehead.
      NL and amendment bag I carry.
      I am a navigator.

      Dream pilot about the bottomless sky,
      And I need to calculate everything on earth.
      I am a navigator.

      He didn’t damn the soul, but gave the sky,
      Well, I figured that he would not be lost there.
      I am a navigator.

      Chorus:

      I also fly alcohol and love the sky,
      But there is no place more expensive for me than a navigator.
      I will calculate everything and pray to God
      To reach the Goal, and not like that oddball to Odessa.
      I am a navigator.

      I will tell the truth, why the whole gimp:
      Take the route, to us in the rain and in a thunderstorm,
      And so that I definitely defeated the enemy with the target,
      Pilots are taking me to work!
      I am a navigator.

      Balde pilot on a steep turn.
      My goal would be to catch, and give him a "g".
      I am a navigator.

      Overalls all in sweat, you can just squeeze.
      Well, I have to calculate and find the goal.
      I am a navigator.

      "Capture" and "Ready" flashing scoreboard.
      Start, ... The target struck, enemies to spite.
      I am a navigator.

      I immediately hit the target again,
      The commander will receive the award again.
      I am a navigator.

      Going down the glide path I’m closer to the ground.
      When will you consider the pilot in your mind?
      I am a navigator.

      Again, the course is not the same, he dispersed the speed.
      Well, the Lord sent me a pilot!
      I am a navigator.

      Butt runway lights suddenly lit.
      Thanks to the pilots for not killing us.
      I am a navigator.

      The pilot makes his trill about the sky,
      And to me, in secret, to drag my portfolio.
      I am a navigator.

      A. Bodnar Dec. 09.
      1. serge 1
        serge 1 24 March 2015 07: 25
        +4
        And in our company, they said. by the will of God and heaven - I came to serve in the Air Force, With a holiday,
    2. kr33sania
      kr33sania 24 March 2015 05: 50
      +5
      Quote: Chetlander
      And how long does a rocket fly from the city of Sumy to Moscow?

      “And what else did you pick in your nose while sitting on the jerk?”
    3. VseDoFeNi
      VseDoFeNi 24 March 2015 07: 52
      +2
      Freedom and NATO are mutually exclusive concepts.
      The question is different - how long does a cruise missile fly from a Russian nuclear submarine, a hundred miles from the Delaware Bay, to Washington and New York? Or from the Gulf of Mexico to Miami?
    4. pensioner
      pensioner 24 March 2015 07: 58
      +1
      Quote: Chetlander
      And how long does a rocket fly from the city of Sumy to Moscow?

      Longer than a stool to your head. yes
    5. Imigrantt
      Imigrantt 24 March 2015 08: 05
      +2
      And how long does a rocket fly from the city of Sumy to Moscow?
      I can answer for sure !!! How long does it take to fly "Eskander M" from Crimea to Sumy !!!! You won't even have time to crap !!!! am And all celestials on a holiday !!!! drinks
    6. The comment was deleted.
    7. oblako
      oblako 24 March 2015 09: 08
      +6
      “I wonder when peace will come and the DPR and LPR will gain freedom, will NATO troops deploy missiles in the Ukrainian city of Sumy? Most of the Ukrainians live there, the Russians live compactly in the region, that is, there will be no problems.
      And how long does it take for the missiles to fly from the city of Sumy to Moscow? "

      I think these missiles will not even be able to break away from the launch pad, in view of the fact that not only Russians live there, but also Ukrainians - not Bandera's. This time. Nobody is interested in the fact that the city of Sumy, in which I once rested in a pioneer camp, disappeared from the map of Ukraine - that's two. Since the "NATO troops" and its member (as you suppose) will commit an act of aggression, then the command post and infrastructure of the WHOLE bloc will be retaliated against, and even if you write from under your star-striped flag, in 20-30 minutes in the worst case or in 7-10 at best, you will realize that you are not dealing with Yugoslavia or Iraq, but this will hardly be of interest to you. These are three. The time after which we will all understand this - who a minute earlier, who a minute later will definitely lose their meaning. You ought to understand this yourself and explain to your monkey.
      Therefore, I propose another option: Ukraine, in the form in which it will remain without Crimea, without the LPR and DPR (there people with their killers will not live together anyway, and this is not their fault - you must admit it) let him prove that he can live better than Russia, then Crimea and the descendants of those who defended themselves against Bandera in the LPR and DPR will certainly return to it. Maybe Russia will ask ...)) Prove, "Tse Europe"! Weak ?! Then, at least for now, learn how to pay on time for debts. It seems to me that now the authorities in Ukraine are well aware that they cannot do this, they can only standardly promise a better life, sell everything and justify their stay in power by war. Well, and the last, traditional, how can we live without it in Ukraine? The damned are to blame for everything, and who does not jump, he ... And how many more will you find those who do not jump? Good luck in your search, it's easier than working for the good of your country, Ukraine. And yes Glory to Ukraine! Happiness to you, come to visit as you jump ...
    8. Ascetic
      Ascetic 24 March 2015 10: 50
      +3
      Quote: Chetlander
      And how long does a rocket fly from the city of Sumy to Moscow?


      You have confused the site Military Review with Spring Exacerbation, buddy ... Go to the Censor there to answer this question in detail ...
    9. Mikhail m
      Mikhail m 24 March 2015 10: 56
      +2
      Patsak you, it’s obvious even without a visor! Do KU immediately in front of society! am
    10. Mik13
      Mik13 24 March 2015 11: 31
      +1
      I really liked the option with a stool)))

      drinks

      Shturmanov - happy holiday)
    11. Navigator2013
      Navigator2013 24 March 2015 11: 32
      +1
      Don’t even ask! From Moscow to the Sumy region will fly faster, Earth rotation helps. I’m telling you like a navigator ...

      Air Force navigators from naval navigators drinks
    12. zubkoff46
      zubkoff46 24 March 2015 11: 50
      0
      Their nose is not round.
  3. The comment was deleted.
  4. sub307
    sub307 24 March 2015 05: 49
    +4
    Happy Holidays!
    1. almost demobil
      almost demobil 24 March 2015 07: 34
      +3
      With all my heart I congratulate the navigators of the combat command and navigators-operators, graduates of SVVAULSH. STAVROPOLTSY HELLO, I wish you success, health to you and your loved ones, and to the one who continues to "fill the map in the tablet" and "bring dots" - a sober head and a dodgy mind!
  5. atk44849
    atk44849 24 March 2015 05: 56
    +9
    Now explain to me the navigator, how do you manage to poke a compass into a card at such a speed? never understood. With the holiday of all Air Force pilots of the Russian Air Force !!! not long ago stood on guard, the pilots came to visit, just passing by. it became interesting to them like a ship - showed inside, liked it!
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. almost demobil
      almost demobil 24 March 2015 07: 43
      +7
      Quote: atk44849
      how do you manage to poke a compass into a card at such a speed

      We have a miracle device called NL-10m, with its help you can poke a compass every other time laughing
    3. Col.
      Col. 24 March 2015 11: 11
      +2
      Quote: atk44849
      Now explain to me the navigator, how do you manage to poke a compass into a card at such a speed?

      Have you participated in the DB raffles on the Ocean simulator at the Military Academy of Medical Sciences? Turn on the time scale 10: 1 ... fellow
      1. atk44849
        atk44849 24 March 2015 11: 45
        0
        Quote: Colonel
        Quote: atk44849
        Now explain to me the navigator, how do you manage to poke a compass into a card at such a speed?

        Have you participated in the DB raffles on the Ocean simulator at the Military Academy of Medical Sciences? Turn on the time scale 10: 1 ... fellow

        it's not that!
  6. Alex_Rarog
    Alex_Rarog 24 March 2015 06: 00
    +3
    Happy holiday! Do not forget the main map, otherwise the White Sea is not popular today)
    1. Mik13
      Mik13 24 March 2015 11: 36
      +2
      Belomor is not in fashion now ...
  7. holod19
    holod19 24 March 2015 06: 00
    +6
    With a professional holiday navigators of the Air Force and veterans !!! Health, success in your difficult service! Navigators of the Air Force of Russia - you are the best! Keep it up!
  8. Alexander 3
    Alexander 3 24 March 2015 06: 40
    +4
    with HOLIDAY! Flags V.V.S.
  9. Afinogen
    Afinogen 24 March 2015 06: 51
    +6
    Navigators happy holiday !!!!!! drinks
  10. Don Cesar
    Don Cesar 24 March 2015 07: 11
    +2
    join congratulations!
  11. pvv113
    pvv113 24 March 2015 07: 19
    +9
    Happy professional fellow navigators!
  12. Corsair0304
    Corsair0304 24 March 2015 07: 28
    +7
    I join the congratulations of members of the forum. To paraphrase one saying: the pilot, of course, is the head, but the navigator is the neck, wherever he turns, the head goes there. Your work is as important as it is invisible. A good pilot always trusts his navigator. Happy holiday to you! soldier
    1. Col.
      Col. 25 March 2015 09: 13
      0
      Quote: Corsair0304
      To paraphrase one saying: the pilot, of course, is the head, but the navigator is the neck, wherever he turns, the head goes there.


      By the way, in the American Air Force once (or maybe now?) The navigator was the commander of a ship in multi-seat aircraft! We have a saying: the commander (pilot) is needed on the plane in order to carry the navigator to work. And this is the logic - the navigator does all the main work: all the calculations for gathering a group after take-off, building a power supply, flying along a route, combat use (missile launches, bombing, laying mines or buoys), etc. In fact, the work of the pilot is only take off and landing. According to unwritten aviation laws, chiefs of staff of all levels are navigators! And there is another saying to this: "The chief of staff must know everything, and the commander must know where the chief of staff is." smile
  13. atk44849
    atk44849 24 March 2015 07: 46
    +3
    Quote: almost demob
    Quote: atk44849
    how do you manage to poke a compass into a card at such a speed

    We have a miracle device called NL-10m, with its help you can poke a compass every other time laughing
    thanks for the answer . very interesting anyway! and when the ships are in view ?, do you see sailors on deck?
  14. fomkin
    fomkin 24 March 2015 07: 52
    +4
    You can’t get off with congratulations alone, you’ll have to celebrate with your former colleagues, so a little old-fashionedly.
  15. valokordin
    valokordin 24 March 2015 08: 05
    +8
    Happy holiday navigators, with your great holidays. I thought a military school remained in Chelyabinsk, but it turned out to be a branch, albeit an academy, but a branch. In total there are a lot of 29 graduates? And before 300 people let them out, and there was where to apply them. I recall the blessed memory of the deceased at Engels on the M-4 in 1972. graduate of ChVAU navigators Chernousova.
    1. serge 1
      serge 1 24 March 2015 16: 47
      0
      As far as I remember roofing felts in 86 or 87 in the Troitsk area, carcass 22 went into the ground, they didn’t find anyone from the crew, they found a rear hatch in 10 kilometers! They walked with full tanks, I then went there in a convoy drove the Cadets to the excavations! They entered the earth from 10 and that's it, that's all! He was a local navigator, then they brought the land home for a funeral! Eternal memory!
  16. atamankko
    atamankko 24 March 2015 09: 09
    +6
    Happy holiday, friends! CHKVVAUSH - 65.
  17. Yuri from Volgograd
    Yuri from Volgograd 24 March 2015 09: 22
    +1
    Quote: Chetlander

    And how long does a rocket fly from the city of Sumy to Moscow?

    In fact, the difference in missile flight time from Sumy to Moscow and from Moscow to Washington is insignificant.
    Understand the essence, in the world everything is interconnected. If, for example, the states will supply weapons to Ukraine, then the RPG and manual air defense parties will surely appear in Afghanistan.
    If the states are buzzing through Ukraine to Russia, then what is the point of military aggression against tame Ukrainians? Here the states should rake. And believe me, there will be an official justification quickly.
    At the same time, I personally do not recommend dreaming of a third world war. Ask Hitler, nifiga good will not work.
  18. The comment was deleted.
  19. Andrey NM
    Andrey NM 24 March 2015 10: 24
    +3
    Happy holiday, shtumansy! Every day I drive from work and to work past this house with a memorial plaque along Vavilov Street. People call it the "House of Aviators".
  20. Anubis
    Anubis 24 March 2015 11: 20
    +6
    Congratulations on the professional holiday of all navigators of military aviation. drinks In honor of your holiday, today I wear "Shturmanskie" all day long (and all the rest smile )
  21. Aleksandr1959
    Aleksandr1959 24 March 2015 15: 19
    0
    I would like to congratulate one of the best test navigators, Hero of Russia (for bailouts in Le Bourget in 1999) Shendrik Vladimir !!!
  22. Bort radist
    Bort radist 24 March 2015 18: 22
    0
    Happy Navigators! Without you you can take off, but the goal is to find, to return "home", .......
    How are you doing this ?! Psychics against you puppies are blind.
    PS We run on board an alarm.
    Right to the navigator - "Didn't you forget the maps?"
    He slaps the tablet - "As you can"
    The commander arrives from the setting of tasks, twists his hand from afar - "Launch"
    We stand, buzzing. On air - "Lights out".
    Our navigator crawls out wet with sweat. "I took the playing cards, but I forgot these" wassat
  23. akm8226
    akm8226 24 March 2015 20: 02
    0
    Comrades navigator! Do you know who was the first navigator? Sailor Zheleznyak!))
    1. Col.
      Col. 25 March 2015 09: 19
      +1
      Quote: akm8226
      Do you know who was the first navigator? Sailor Zheleznyak!))


      Not true. Ivan Susanin!