Military Review

Israeli aircraft learned to work closer to their troops

45

Over the past decades, Israel has made many changes in tactics. aviation on ground targets. This includes targets in the immediate vicinity of Israeli forces, as well as targets deep in enemy territory. During the 2014 conflict with Hamas, the Israeli Air Force demonstrated how, thanks to new procedures and technologies, aircraft can drop an unguided bomb much closer to their troops. For example, the "safe distance" for 900 kg bombs is usually about 1000 meters, now it has decreased to 300 meters. For smart bombs and small bombs, it is even smaller. The Israelis have adopted some of these new methods from recent American experience and used them to update many aspects of ground support air support.

It has long been known that when it comes to bombing with the direct support of their own troops, infantry prefers smaller and more accurate bombs. The reason for this is that immediately after the bombing of the bomb, the fighters are trying to penetrate the scene of the attack and capture or kill the surviving enemies before they depart from the concussion. The radius of the explosion of larger-caliber bombs (500, 1000 and 2000 pounds), especially uncontrolled, forces friendly troops to remain at a distance of several hundred meters from the site of the attack. Israel still uses some stupid bombs. About five percent of 6000 targets hit by air strikes in a recent conflict with Hamas were hit by such bombs, and thanks to improved technology and coordination with infantry, the safe distance was much smaller than in the past. One of the reasons for this is that during most of the 19-day ground operations, at least one F-16 was assigned to each combat brigade. This kind of thing changes the situation for the better. For example, in the past, we had to wait for air support of ground troops by F-16 aircraft for 20-30 minutes. Thanks to the new procedures, the waiting time was reduced to ten minutes or less. At the same time, new procedures appeared, allowing the Israelis to hold simultaneously over a small section of the north of the Gaza Strip safely for each other at the same time over 40 aircraft during the battle.

Meanwhile, the United States found that the ideal weapons for ground support, shells often caused by GPS signals are often those that the Israelis did not purchase. From the 2007 of the year, the American artillery units (with the barrel 155-mm artillery) use smart projectiles "Excalibur" equipped with a GPS signal guidance system. Infantry commanders especially love these 45-kg shells, since their use allows troops to be as close as possible to the target, literally "on the other side of the street."

The USAF responded with new bombs that turned out to be almost as useful as the Excalibur. The new bombs (directional lethality ammunition, Focused Lethality Munition, FLM) use a composite (carbon fiber) body and, instead of the usual 127,2-kg of explosives, are equipped with 93 kg of explosive wrapped in high-density filler (fine tungsten powder). Conventional 227-kg bombs have an explosion radius (injuries from blast pressure) to 13 meters; death by shrapnel - up to 40 meters. FAM reduces this distance by half. Meanwhile, filler makes these bombs more deadly with a smaller radius of destruction. FAM, of course, are equipped with GPS or laser guided.



After the 2006 war with Hezbollah in southern Lebanon, Israel realized two things: the IDF is still superior to the Arab forces, but the IDF is not as superior as Israel had previously believed. The main Israeli problem was communication. What did the Arabs do, or at least the Iran-supported Hezbollah? They learned to move faster and more inventively than the Israelis had expected. What really shocked the Israelis was that, despite their ability to detect and track Hezbollah’s movements, they couldn’t use artillery, aircraft or ground forces fast enough to destroy Hezbollah’s many identified positions before they changed positions again. All the various levels of Israeli commanders and combat units could actually communicate with each other, but not fast enough to hit the detected target, which did not stay in place long enough to complete all the procedures and receive the documents necessary to issue an attack order most suitable for this divisions.

The solution was found in new technologies and procedures. Since 2006, Israel has created a new, faster communication system and is capable, in the opinion of the Israelis themselves, to hit much more goals than was possible in 2006. Most of the solution does not carry anything radical in the field of equipment, but simply standardizes the procedures used by everyone to call fire support and provide it. Now commanders at all levels can see the same data and are able to quickly receive fire support. Thus, when a target is determined, an air attack, an artillery attack, or ground forces occur very quickly.

All of these changes since 2006 have been recently demonstrated in Gaza, and most of them have shown their best side. So now Hezbollah needs to reconsider its tactics. This may take some time, since at the moment Hezbollah is bogged down in the Syrian war and for several years will not be ready for the next war with Israel.
Originator:
http://www.strategypage.com/htmw/htairfo/articles/20140925.aspx
45 comments
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  1. ivanzu87
    ivanzu87 3 October 2014 11: 03
    +6
    The interaction of various branches of the armed forces can be a decisive factor in the successful outcome of any battle. The IDF in this regard, as I understand it, is doing well.
  2. nik6006
    nik6006 3 October 2014 11: 20
    +3
    Well, the Israelis should be very grateful and obliged to Syria for this:
    The interaction of various branches of the armed forces can be a decisive factor in the successful outcome of any battle. The IDF in this regard, as I understand it, is doing well.


    Well said:
    Israel realized two things: the IDF is still superior to the Arab forces, but the IDF is not so superior to them as Israel previously believed.


    The experience of the interaction of combat units of various branches of the armed forces must of course be studied, for with our bureaucracy one can oversleep the beginning of a war that is already in full swing.
  3. bmv04636
    bmv04636 3 October 2014 11: 32
    0
    Meanwhile, the United States found that GPS-guided projectiles are often the ideal weapon for ground support, namely those that the Israelis did not purchase. Since the 2007 year, American artillery units (with 155-mm artillery receiver) have been using Excalibur smart shells equipped with GPS guidance. Infantry commanders especially love these 45-kg shells, since their use allows troops to be as close to the target as possible, literally "on the other side of the street."
    As I understand the commanders of the "light elves" are generally lazy to think, they do not want to let the machine think, well, it will go against a weak enemy, and if the GPS is lost, God forbid, the satellite will be intercepted by its own controllers and will start hitting.
    Oh yes the problem of the GPS signal is interesting the light elves decided to
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 3 October 2014 17: 56
      +6
      "As I understand the commanders of the" light elves "are generally lazy to think" ////

      You have an interesting logic: those who use the latest methods of war are
      "too lazy to think", and the one who fights "in an old-fashioned way" means, as it were, "thinks"?
      Is it the other way around?
  4. svp67
    svp67 3 October 2014 12: 01
    +3
    A very useful and necessary experience. Of course, we need to study it and creatively process it and introduce it en masse into the troops. But for this it is necessary to establish the smooth operation of GLONASS, at least in territories close to the Russian Federation ...
  5. mimo-crock3
    mimo-crock3 3 October 2014 12: 13
    +3
    Quote: bmv04636
    As I understand the commanders of the "light elves" are generally lazy to think, they do not want to let the machine think, well, it will go against a weak enemy, and if the GPS is lost, God forbid, the satellite will be intercepted by its own controllers and will start hitting.
    Oh yes the problem of the GPS signal is interesting the light elves decided to

    Do you think the GPS satellite is thinking about tactics? laughing If GPS is jammed, inertial navigation will be used.
    1. bmv04636
      bmv04636 3 October 2014 12: 56
      -1
      well, in general, it can be displaced and when, for example, in the city everything is mixed up "light elves" rebels "light elves" you can get a picture when using GPS, but the guidance "light elves" will be intensified to water each other while thinking that they are attacked by rebels and who will then be laughing
  6. alicante11
    alicante11 3 October 2014 14: 09
    +4
    In principle, it’s logical that you can’t fight a serious opponent anyway, because of nuclear weapons, and the Papuans will not drown the electronics.
  7. Dart_Veyder
    Dart_Veyder 3 October 2014 14: 14
    +1
    The other day I read a book about the 67 war of the year, it spoke about cross-border skirmishes in which Israeli tankers destroyed Syrian construction equipment at 10 km distance. I was interested in this and I tried to find more detailed information on the Internet, but alas, I didn’t go out of delivery sources. Professor, tell me if this is true and, if you can reference.
    ps
    I apologize for the offtopic.
    1. Maki Avellevich
      Maki Avellevich 3 October 2014 14: 43
      +3
      DartVeyder:

      "Israeli tank crews destroyed Syrian construction equipment at a 10km distance."

      It was in 1966.
      It seems true, I read this book too. but the distance was 11 km.
      American Sherman engineers came to see this matter in Israel.
      For successful firing at these distances, Israeli engineers altered the optics since it (at the Sherman's) did not give a sight more than 3000 meters.
    2. Professor
      3 October 2014 14: 44
      +5
      Quote: Dart_Veyder
      Professor, tell me if this is true and, if you can reference.

      Here it was: www.waronline.org
      1. VAF
        VAF 3 October 2014 15: 23
        +2
        Quote: Professor
        Here it was


        Oleg, welcome! The article is very true in the sense, but in essence negative (I understand that this is only your translation wink ), but .. well, for example, a quote -"... the" safe distance "for 900 kg bombs is usually about 1000 meters, now it has decreased to 300 meters. request Well, and what, and due to what has it decreased? belay
        After all, at least some "gadget" put on the bomb the radius of action of the damaging factors (shock wave and scattering of debris) will not depend on these "gadgets".
        But reducing the caliber and type of TSA according to the classification is a completely different matter.

        But "to work" directly on the line of combat contact, and even "cast iron" .. this is only in amerovskoe action movies.
        Here and there from the cannon, you can, well, or "cast iron" on the PMV, and then ... only with technical specifications, and so ... (like the theory of probability itself) has not been canceled yet (like Newton's laws) wink
        1. Professor
          3 October 2014 15: 33
          +5
          Quote: vaf
          Oleg, welcome! The article is very correct in meaning, but in essence of the presentation (I understand that this is just your translation), but ... well, for example, the quote - "... the" safe distance "for 900-kg bombs is usually about 1000 meters, now it has decreased to 300 meters.Well, WHAT and due to what has decreased that

          A long time ago, however, we did not intersect. hi
          The safe distance is determined not only by the radius of destruction, but also by the accuracy of the bombing. So she became much better. How? I do not know. Write "procedures". request

          Quote: vaf
          But "to work" directly on the line of combat contact, and even "cast iron" .. this is only in amerovskoe action movies.

          No. in Gaza, ton bombs were used for immediate support. I know this from the direct participants. They say, “where a ton bomb is laid, there is no more resistance from Hamasniks either above or below the ground.

          PS
          I was more impressed with 40 aircraft over the north of Gaza. Look at the map ...

          PPS
          Who thinks that the gaziatics did not have a military defense, then he is mistaken.
          1. VAF
            VAF 3 October 2014 16: 10
            +3
            Quote: Professor
            A long time ago, however, we did not intersect.


            Until the "politic" is over ... I have given myself a vow .. only to read. Well, or if someone has "too much" "hurray-patriotism" or, more correctly, "patriotic psychosis" will not "trample".

            Quote: Professor
            The safe distance is determined not only by the radius of destruction, but also by the accuracy of the bombing


            It is categorically not true, because. based on your assumptions ... "to throw with a flight" is generally good for your own ... generally super-safe.

            The safe distance (interval and distance, as well as the height of fragmentation of the fragments) are determined ONLY from the characteristics of the TSA itself (weight (gauge), typical (filling), ballistic coefficients (characteristics of movement along the fall path or planning).
            All SAFE distances are calculated from the range 0 + 1 VO. (This is where all the "bells and whistles" of the ASP are taken into account. Well, the capabilities of the carrier itself).

            But if OFAB 250-270 has a shock of 300 meters. The fragments are 700, and in height 600 ... then they are. These criteria will be the same !!!

            And all the conditions for the use of TSA are calculated precisely on the 4th part of RBPASP wink
            That is why here the author set himself the idea that it is necessary to reduce the caliber and increase the accuracy, but this is not always true, the equipment can be dug in and be in a shelter, or even a bunker or bunker and it’s good if you “shoot” at it is 100 kami instead of 250 or 500 kg?
            And then the PF (high-explosive fragmentation) and RBC generally come to naught. Although no one has the best means of using manpower and armored vehicles of the enemy!

            The same one and a half applied .. but there were other goals!

            PS I am constantly interested in all "events" and "actions", so in the course drinks
            1. Professor
              3 October 2014 16: 30
              +1
              Quote: vaf
              It is categorically not true, because. based on your assumptions ... "to throw with a flight" is generally good for your own ... generally super-safe.

              What flight? There is no front line there. There are their own and perfume mixed. Therefore, it is necessary to throw exactly where they ask. About thousands of high-precision ammunition is clear, about the small caliber is also clear, but you can put a 2000 libre bomb next to yours only when you are sure that you will go where you methyl.

              Quote: vaf
              The safe distance (interval and distance, as well as the height of fragmentation of the fragments) are determined ONLY from the characteristics of the TSA itself (weight (gauge), typical (filling), ballistic coefficients (characteristics of movement along the fall path or planning).
              All SAFE distances are calculated from the range 0 + 1 VO. (This is where all the "bells and whistles" of the ASP are taken into account. Well, the capabilities of the carrier itself).

              I'm not sure that the bourgeoisie also calculate this distance. I can search for their calculations.
              Judging from the article, it is precisely about improving the accuracy of bombing with stupid bombs.

              Quote: vaf
              That is why here the author set himself the idea that it is necessary to reduce the caliber and increase the accuracy, but this is not always true, the equipment can be dug in and be in a shelter, or even a bunker or bunker and it’s good if you “shoot” at it is 100 kami instead of 250 or 500 kg?

              Limit bombs for the F-16 were used only for specific purposes. Usually enough artillery and small-caliber bombs were enough.

              PS
              I found how they calculate the data on bombs. The table shows the safe distance (with a certain probability of hitting one’s own forces) from the point of impact of the bomb at the rate of bombing. By the way, for 2000 libre bombs it is 225-235 m with a 10% chance of hitting its own. It turns out the IDF learned to put bombs more precisely.
              Risk-estimate distances
              1. VAF
                VAF 3 October 2014 19: 24
                +1
                Quote: Professor
                What flight? There is no front line there. There are their own and perfume mixed.


                "Flight" or "undershoot" (in general we say "missed" or "transferred") is figurative for the perception of supposedly safety.
                Even if everything is interspersed, then you have a goal and a distance between yours and the "spirits", and so the safety of ours will depend on whether you put the bomb exactly or "transfer" it is good, but if " you will miss it ".. it will not be ice (unless of course ours will not lie on .. but)!
                Well, if the "spirits" are in the cauldron (and the cauldron is small) then only UO, well, or a good PRNK. on a good plane and a bomb with TU.

                Cast iron and large caliber .. only if used from a low altitude or from a dive (with the hope that the stabilizer will not tear off) but in general .. bomb "in the butt" with your own .. not a "pleasant" exercise.

                Well, I don’t know, as I understand it, it was the author who wrote about all sorts of know-how for cast iron. Which subsequently turns into a smart bomb or, in general, about UO.

                I looked at the table (only not according to the b / m rate, but according to the longitudinal ratio, but there is also a lateral reference and the value of the linear lag. In short, the ellipse is not a circle like the author’s and as in the table).

                Quote: Professor
                It turns out that the IDF learned to put bombs more precisely.


                Our calculation is different and the HE is calculated from the criteria and the coefficients of Speed ​​and Altitude of combat use (for small and PMV 0,1V + 10N (height in km), and for medium and large 0,15V + 15N). For supersonic and bombs with TU other formulas. For KABs third, etc.

                Do not forget that even on the Su-30MKI they put what? Right Lightning wink

                After all, the accuracy of the implementation of combat use directly depends on the capabilities of the PrNK, OLS well, or simply radar and airborne defense. drinks
          2. The fat man
            The fat man 5 October 2014 02: 21
            0
            What am I mistaken?

            what kind of anti-aircraft defense did the gaziats have air defense for example, do not give
            1. Professor
              5 October 2014 08: 07
              -1
              Quote: Fat Man
              what kind of anti-aircraft defense did the gaziats have air defense for example, do not give

              Yes, at least MANPADS.
    3. Aaron Zawi
      Aaron Zawi 3 October 2014 15: 00
      +1
      Quote: Dart_Veyder
      The other day I read a book about the 67 war of the year, it spoke about cross-border skirmishes in which Israeli tankers destroyed Syrian construction equipment at 10 km distance. I was interested in this and I tried to find more detailed information on the Internet, but alas, I didn’t go out of delivery sources. Professor, tell me if this is true and, if you can reference.
      ps
      I apologize for the offtopic.

      It was a one-time experience. In principle, the AOI didn’t have enough self-propelled guns for that litter, so they got out as they could
      1. Maki Avellevich
        Maki Avellevich 3 October 2014 17: 02
        -2
        Aron Zawi:

        "In principle, the IDF did not have enough SPGs for that litter, so they got out as best they could"


        Not exactly. How many sau need to destroy tractors? Yes, and the use of aviation is logical right?

        the Israeli government wanted to use the smallest combat platform in order not to raise the geopolitical "heat".

        when using artillery, hundreds of shells would have to be fired for a satisfactory outcome (a lot of smoke and noise), aviation means crossing the border (also not very good).

        and the exact tank fire (the gun is not a howitzer :)) was just acceptable.
        1. Dart_Veyder
          Dart_Veyder 3 October 2014 21: 13
          +1
          But in the end, it was aviation, after all, that it was rafigachi.
  8. The comment was deleted.
  9. Dart_Veyder
    Dart_Veyder 3 October 2014 14: 20
    -1
    All of these changes since 2006 have been recently demonstrated in Gaza, and most of them have shown their best side. So now Hezbollah needs to reconsider its tactics. This may take some time, since at the moment Hezbollah is bogged down in the Syrian war and for several years will not be ready for the next war with Israel.

    Hezbola has withdrawn / is withdrawing its own people from Syria. Now they are fighting on the border. And this is pumping `` soldiers '' and an influx of population into the club.
    1. tilix
      tilix 3 October 2014 16: 44
      +1
      Hezbola is a little bit in f..e, a lot of people died, in Syria more than all the time of the wars with Israel. Young people are reluctant. They are looking for a way out in technology, and for all the time of the clashes in Gaza, they sat upright and breathed carefully.
      1. Dart_Veyder
        Dart_Veyder 3 October 2014 21: 10
        +1
        This is when in some faraway Syria, and when the war will reach them on the threshold of people and go to Hezbalah, especially from the border areas.
  10. Tsar Simeon
    Tsar Simeon 3 October 2014 14: 30
    +1
    In Tzahal, the operational and tactical level is at a high level. But it will be interesting what will happen in the conflict with the Turkish Armed Forces, who will win. Hamas and Hizbula are not the enemy for an accurate assessment of Israel's combat capabilities.
    1. Professor
      3 October 2014 14: 45
      +2
      Quote: Tsar Simeon
      But it will be interesting what will happen in the conflict with the Turkish Armed Forces, who will win. Hamas and Hizbula are not the enemy for an accurate assessment of Israel’s combat capabilities.

      There will be no more Turkish Armed Forces.
      1. Tourist Breakfast
        Tourist Breakfast 3 October 2014 17: 18
        +1
        There will be no more Turkish Armed Forces.

        I would not be so optimistic. Especially on the eve of the anniversary of the Doomsday War.
        1. Professor
          3 October 2014 19: 10
          0
          Quote: Tourist's Breakfast
          I would not be so optimistic. Especially on the eve of the anniversary of the Doomsday War.

          Moreover, there will be no Turkey.
          1. Tourist Breakfast
            Tourist Breakfast 4 October 2014 21: 06
            0
            Moreover, there will be no Turkey.

            What scenario is this?
            1. Professor
              4 October 2014 21: 13
              +1
              Quote: Tourist's Breakfast
              What scenario is this?

              With a full-blown conflict between Israel and Turkey.

              By the way, you forgot what Erdoan did with his army. He transplanted all the military leaders (like Stalin in 1937) and put "reliable" instead of talented ones.
              1. The fat man
                The fat man 5 October 2014 02: 35
                0
                transplanted the most active
                the remaining 99.9% simply dismissed and transferred to a civil position.

                maybe he just got rid of the 5th column. By the way, the event in the Giza Istanbul park is a confirmation of this.

                According to Erdogan himself

                Turkey's economic recovery hurts the eyes not only of enemies, but also of our partners in the West. "The growing and prosperous Turkey is making them gloomy."
                1. Professor
                  5 October 2014 08: 06
                  +1
                  Quote: Fat Man
                  transplanted the most active
                  the remaining 99.9% simply dismissed and transferred to a civil position.

                  maybe he just got rid of the 5th column. By the way, the event in the Giza Istanbul park is a confirmation of this.

                  If all those who disagree with the new course of the "brilliant, unique and beloved" Erdogan are called "the 5th column", "enemies of the people" or "national traitors" there, then of course. Well done Teip, weakened the army for a long time. As you know, it is not tanks that are fighting, but people. Soldiers and officers without competent generals are just cannon fodder.

                  The economic recovery of Turkey is the place to be. Screwdriver assembly of washing machines, vacuum cleaners and even cars is evident. All this is not thanks to Erdogan, but to the great Ataturk whose Teip reaped the fruits and whose heritage trampled into the mud.
              2. Tourist Breakfast
                Tourist Breakfast 5 October 2014 12: 12
                -1
                The Turkish army is numerically far superior to ours. They have a huge mobilization reserve and a strong economy. Our technical superiority is not significant, and if desired, the Turks will easily overtake us in the quantity and quality of heavy weapons.
                Therefore, I would not promise.
                1. Professor
                  5 October 2014 12: 32
                  0
                  Quote: Tourist's Breakfast
                  Therefore, I would not promise.

                  Vaanunu claimed that there are other options.
                  1. Tourist Breakfast
                    Tourist Breakfast 6 October 2014 09: 23
                    0
                    Vaanunu claimed that there are other options.

                    "Other options" is when the conventional war has already been lost and we are about to be thrown into the sea. Are you seriously?
    2. Maki Avellevich
      Maki Avellevich 3 October 2014 14: 56
      +1
      I don’t know what will happen; I know this:

      my fellow aircraft mechanic in tzahal. at a time when Israel and Turkey were friends, they conducted training aerial battles.

      for the same teachings they took him once, took place in Turkey.
      He told me that during the week of training 100 points were recorded.
      Xnumx israel xnumx turkey.
      I wondered if the Turks didn't "shoot down" more than one? he insisted 100 - 0.
      1. Aaron Zawi
        Aaron Zawi 3 October 2014 15: 03
        0
        Quote: Maki Avellevich
        I don’t know what will happen; I know this:
        my fellow aircraft mechanic in tzahal. at a time when Israel and Turkey were friends, they conducted training aerial battles.
        for the same teachings they took him once, took place in Turkey.
        He told me that during the week of training 100 points were recorded.
        Xnumx israel xnumx turkey.
        I wondered if the Turks didn't "shoot down" more than one? he insisted 100 - 0.

        I don’t know about your comrade, and my relative, who is undergoing reservist service, as an air defense officer, has a VERY high opinion of Turkish aviation.
      2. supertiger21
        supertiger21 3 October 2014 15: 05
        +2
        As far as I understand, both the Israelis and the Turks conducted training battles on their F-16s, for equal chances.
    3. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 4 October 2014 00: 15
      +5
      The Turkish army is strong and disciplined. And most importantly, Turkey is a country
      with a developed military industry. Short conflict with Turkey IDF
      may win, mainly due to the advantage of the Air Force, but a protracted war
      would be very unpleasant. Turkey has a large navy, a lot of infantry.
      Therefore, the gradual Islamization of Turkey, Israel is very worrying.
      1. psiho117
        psiho117 4 October 2014 16: 46
        0
        Quote: voyaka uh

        Therefore, the gradual Islamization of Turkey, Israel is very worrying.

        rather strange wording ... Turkey is already an age-old stronghold of Islam, what kind of "gradual Islamization" can we talk about?

        Perhaps you were referring to the tendency towards Islamic radicalism? But this is a problem not only of the Turks, this muck has taken root in Europe, the States, and Russia.
  11. dzau
    dzau 3 October 2014 15: 28
    -1
    Quote: ivanzu87
    The interaction of various branches of the armed forces can be a decisive factor in the successful outcome of any battle. The IDF in this regard, as I understand it, is doing well.

    Against the Papuans, perhaps.

    And then, both in 2006 and this year, they got a pretty good tooth.

    According to the article itself:
    still superior to Arab forces, but IDF not as superior to them as Israel previously believed

    Actually, know-how.
  12. lexx2038
    lexx2038 3 October 2014 17: 01
    0
    In the event of a global confrontation between serious powers, all kinds of ZhPS, Glonassa, and other space communications will be neutralized in the coming hours, and again, everything will depend on ordinary soldiers who have not forgotten (or forgotten) how to fight, dig shovels, go all night to immediately enter the battle in the morning.
    1. Tourist Breakfast
      Tourist Breakfast 3 October 2014 17: 56
      +1
      In the event of a total nuclear war, everything is already useless. But many recent conflicts are in the nature of "asymmetric wars", where GPS is very useful.
  13. Net
    Net 3 October 2014 21: 59
    +1
    I read that the radius of the lethal defeat of the FAB-9000 is only 57 meters. Apparently the design and purpose of the bomb affects more than just the caliber
  14. slavaslava556
    slavaslava556 3 October 2014 22: 10
    0
    As for the radius of destruction, I think it means that during the bombing the soldiers are in cover and this explains the possibility of the proximity of the application.
  15. midshipman
    midshipman 4 October 2014 04: 20
    +4
    On this topic, I published an article in "VO" - "The task of increasing the effectiveness of missile and bomb strikes." Please read it.
    Work in our Air Force on this topic continues, some of them are conducted by me. I have the honor.
  16. waggish
    waggish 4 October 2014 16: 41
    -1
    Now I’m reading a book wings of retaliation ................ about the Air Force fluttered!
  17. Prager
    Prager 3 November 2014 14: 43
    0
    Jews are wonderful warriors, life made me learn how to fight GOOD!