Military Review

Liberation of Crimea and Sevastopol in 1944

13



Exactly 70 years ago, on March 16, 1944, the headquarters of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief ordered the start of the operation to liberate the Crimea. The Crimean operation itself was carried out from April 8 to May 12, 1944 by the forces of the 4th Ukrainian Front and the Separate Primorye Army in cooperation with the Black Sea fleet and the Azov military flotilla.

5-7 in May 1944 troops of the 4 of the Ukrainian Front (commander - Army General F. I. Tolbukhin) stormed the German fortifications in heavy fighting; On May 9, they completely liberated Sevastopol, and on May 12, the remnants of the enemy troops on Cape Chersonese laid down weapon.

I dedicate this photographic collection to this significant event, my friends.

1. The façade of the Sevastopol Palace of Pioneers, after shelling, was visited by shells. May 1944



2. German minesweeper in the bay of Sevastopol. Xnumx

Liberation of Crimea and Sevastopol in 1944


3. German attack aircraft Fw.190, destroyed by the Soviet aviation at the Khersonessky airfield. 1944



4. Meeting of the Soviet partisans and sailors boatmen in the liberated Yalta. Xnumx



5. Commander 7 of the Romanian mountain corps, General Hugo Schwab (second from left) and commander XXXXIX of the Wehrmacht mountain corps, General Rudolf Conrad (first from left) at the 37-mm Cannon 35 / 36 Cannon in Crimea. Xnumx



6. Meeting of the Soviet partisans in the liberated Yalta. Xnumx



7. Soviet light cruiser "Red Crimea" enters the Sevastopol Bay. Xnumx



8. The commander of the 7 Romanian mountain corps, General Hugo Schwab (second from left) and the commander of the Wehrmacht’s XXXXIX mountain corps, General Rudolf Conrad (in the center right), pass by calculating the mortar during a viewing in the Crimea. Xnumx



9. The Black Sea squadron returns to liberated Sevastopol. In the foreground is the Light Cruiser “Krasny Krym”, behind it you can see the silhouette of the battleship Sevastopol. Xnumx



10. Soviet soldiers with a flag on the roof of the destroyed building of the Panorama "Defense of Sevastopol" in liberated Sevastopol. Xnumx



11. Tanks Pz.Kpfw. 2nd Romanian Tank Regiment in Crimea. 03.11.1943/XNUMX/XNUMX



12. Romanian General Hugo Schwab and German General Rudolf Conrad in Crimea. Xnumx



13. Romanian gunners firing an anti-tank gun during the battle in the Crimea. Xnumx



14. The commander of the XXXXIX-m mountain corps of the Wehrmacht, General Rudolf Conrad with Romanian officers at an observation post in the Crimea. Xnumx



15. The pilots of the 3 Squadron of the 6 Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment of the Black Sea Fleet Air Force study a map of the combat area at the airfield from the Yak-9D aircraft. In the background is the plane of guard Lieutenant V.I. Voronova (side number "31"). Saki airfield, Crimea. April-May 1944



16. The Chief of Staff of the 4 of the Ukrainian Front, Lieutenant-General Sergei S. Biryuzov, a member of the State Defense Committee Marshal of the Soviet Union Kliment Voroshilov, and the Chief of the General Staff Marshal of the Soviet Union Alexander Mikhailovich Vasilevsky at the command post of the 4 of the Ukrainian Front. April 1944



17. The representative of the Supreme Command, Marshal of the Soviet Union SK Tymoshenko, with the command of the North Caucasus Front and the 18 Army, is considering a plan of operation to cross the Kerch Strait. From left to right: Marshal of the Soviet Union S.К. Timoshenko, Colonel-General K.N. Leselidze, Army General I.Ye. Petrov. Xnumx



18. The Black Sea squadron returns to liberated Sevastopol. In the foreground is the Light Cruiser “Krasny Krym”, behind it you can see the silhouette of the battleship Sevastopol. Xnumx



19. Soviet boat SKA-031 with a destroyed aft, thrown out at low tide in Krotkovo, awaiting repair. The boat from the 1-th Novorossiysk Red Banner Battalion of the Black Sea Fleet Marine Hunters. Xnumx



20. Armored boat of the Azov military flotilla in the Kerch Strait. Kerch-Eltingen landing operation. December 1943



21. Soviet troops smuggle military equipment and horses through the Sivash. In the foreground an 45-mm anti-tank gun. December 1943



22. Soviet soldiers ship an 122-mm howitzer model 1938 of the year M-30 across the Sivash Bay (Rotten Sea) on a pontoon. November 1943



23. T-34 tanks on the street of liberated Sevastopol. May 1944



24. Soldiers of marines at the arch of Primorsky Boulevard in the liberated Sevastopol. May 1944



25. The Black Sea squadron returns to liberated Sevastopol. In the foreground is the Light Cruiser “Krasny Krym”, behind it you can see the silhouette of the battleship Sevastopol. Xnumx



26. Partisan women who participated in the liberation of the Crimea. Simeiz village on the southern coast of the Crimean peninsula. Xnumx



27. Sapper, Lieutenant Ya.S. Shinkarchuk crossed the Sivash thirty-six times and transferred the 44-D guns with shells to the bridgehead. 1943 year



28. Monument architecture Grafskaya pier in the liberated Sevastopol. Xnumx



29. Salute on the grave of comrades-pilots who died near Sevastopol 24 April 1944 g. 14.05.1944



30. The armored boats of the Black Sea Fleet disembark Soviet troops on the Crimean coast of the Kerch Strait to a bridgehead near Enikale during the Kerch-Eltigen landing operation. November 1943



31. The crew of the dive bomber Pe-2 "For the Great Stalin" of the 40 of the Black Sea Fleet's bomber air regiment after completing a combat mission. Crimea, May 1944. Left to right: crew commander Nikolai Ivanovich Goryachkin, navigator - Yury Vasilyevich Tsyplekov, gunner-radio operator - Sergey (nickname Button).



32. ACS SU-152 1824 heavy self-propelled artillery regiment in Simferopol. Xnumx



33. Soviet soldiers force Sivash in December 1943 of the year.



34. A marine sets the Soviet naval flag in liberated Sevastopol. May 1944



35. Tank T-34 in the street of liberated Sevastopol. May 1944



36. Transportation of Soviet vehicles during the Kerch-Eltigens landing operation. November 1943



37. Destroyed German equipment on the shore of the Cossack Bay in Sevastopol. May 1944



38. German soldiers killed during the liberation of the Crimea. Xnumx



39. Vehicles with German soldiers evacuated from the Crimea, moored in the port of Constanta, Romania. Xnumx



40. Guerrillas in Yalta. Xnumx



41. Armored boats. The Crimean coast of the Kerch Strait, most likely - a bridgehead under Enikale. Kerch-Eltigen landing operation. End of 1943



42. Fighters Yak-XNUMHD over Sevastopol. May 9



43. Fighters Yak-XNUMHD over Sevastopol. May 9



44. Fighters Yak-9D, 3-I squadron 6-th Guviap Black Sea Fleet Air Force. May 1944



45. Freed Sevastopol. May 1944



46. Fighters Yak-XNUMHD over Sevastopol.



47. Soviet servicemen pose for the German fighter Messerschmitt Bf.109 abandoned in the Crimea. Xnumx



48. Soviet soldier tears down the Nazi swastika from the gates of the metallurgical plant. Voykova in the liberated Kerch. April 1944



49. In the location of the Soviet troops - the unit on the march, washing, dugouts. Crimea. Xnumx



50. The calculation of the Soviet regimental gun at the firing position in the Crimea.



51. Soviet marines set ship's guys on the highest point of Kerch - Mount Mithridates. Crimea. April 1944



52. In the liberated Sevastopol, view of the South Bay. 1944



53. Soviet soldiers salute in honor of the liberation of Sevastopol. May 1944


54. Captured German sailors near Kerch. Xnumx



55. Captured German sailors near Kerch.


56. The calculation of the Soviet 37-mm automatic anti-aircraft gun model 1939, 61-K on Historical Boulevard in Sevastopol. In the foreground, a range finder with a one-meter stereoscopic ZDN rangefinder. Xnumx



57. Liberated Sevastopol bird's-eye view. Xnumx



58. In the liberated Sevastopol: announcement at the entrance to the Primorsky Boulevard, left over from the German administration. Xnumx



59. Sevastopol after the liberation from the Nazis. Xnumx



60. In the liberated Sevastopol. May 1944



61. Fighters of the 2 Guards Taman Division in the liberated Kerch. Soviet troops began crossing the Kerch Strait, following the Germans 31 of October 1943 running from the Taman Peninsula. 11 April 1944, the Kerch was finally released as a result of the landing operation. April 1944



62. Fighters of the 2 Guards Taman Division in the battles for expanding the bridgehead on the Kerch Peninsula, November 1943. With the defeat of the German troops on the Taman Peninsula, a march on the bridge was opened for a march to the Kerch Strait. November 1943



63. Landing of marines in the area of ​​Kerch. October 31 1943, the Soviet troops began crossing the Kerch Strait. As a result of the landing operation 11 on April 1944, Kerch was finally liberated. The severity and bitterness of the battles during the defense and liberation of Kerch is evidenced by the fact that for these battles 146 people were awarded the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union, and the 21 military unit and unit were awarded the honorary title of Kerch. November 1943

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13 comments
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  1. parus2nik
    parus2nik 25 March 2014 08: 05
    +13
    Thank you, a wonderful selection ... Glory to the Soviet soldiers who died in the battles for the independence of our country!
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Aryan
      Aryan 26 March 2014 01: 12
      0
      by the way, who is in the subject
      tell us if the streets of Sevastopol were renamed during the German occupation
      and which streets were renamed by modern Ukrainian authorities (those authorities that are already in history)?
      and will historical names be returned to them?
  2. predator.3
    predator.3 25 March 2014 09: 31
    +6
    March 16, 1944, the headquarters of the Supreme Commander ordered to begin the operation of the liberation of Crimea

    What a round date March 16, 1944 and 20014! good drinks
    1. Gomunkul
      Gomunkul 25 March 2014 11: 43
      +3
      What is the round date, March 16, 1944 and 2014.
      I dare to assume that the date is March 16, 2014. It was not chosen by chance. yes
    2. The comment was deleted.
  3. psyholirik
    psyholirik 25 March 2014 09: 45
    +2
    "Whoever comes to us with a sword will die by the sword"
  4. polite people
    polite people 25 March 2014 11: 41
    +3
    How much can everyone say and repeat the word Crimea - the Tatar name of the ancient Russian Slavic Peninsula - Tavria (the ancient symbol is a bull, the image of an ancient Russian god-clan). We speak the prince of Tauride, and the word - Tavria is ashamed. Tavria has never been Tatra, 5 century BC. Herodotus - 5 century before our faith. Strabo - 1-century before our faith. All of them claimed that this land of Scythian brands, i.e. Slavs. Tatars settled this peninsula in the 5 century of our era and even partially.
    1. krechet-1978
      krechet-1978 April 2 2014 02: 55
      0
      Tavria has already been returned to the Scythians, and it would be good for the Crimean Tatars to return to their home - in Turkey.
  5. Fitter65
    Fitter65 25 March 2014 12: 04
    +1
    One of the legendary Black Sea pilots, Hero of the Soviet Union Guard, captain Mikhail Grib flies to Yak-9D on-board No. 22.
  6. revnagan
    revnagan 25 March 2014 13: 28
    +1
    And the Romanian tanks are not "Tanks Pz.Kpfw." Yes, the great deeds of our ancestors. It's a shame that the current leadership of Ukraine is trying to dissociate itself from the common history, bend under the Western masters in the hope of bargaining for another "cookie" am Sergei Mikhalkov (senior) has a good fable called "Polkan and Shavka". Apparently, none of the current leadership of Ukraine in childhood did not read it.
    1. Starina_hank
      Starina_hank 25 March 2014 19: 36
      0
      And the fable is Krylova I.A. However.
    2. Artem1967
      Artem1967 31 March 2014 18: 18
      0
      If I am not mistaken, these are 38t Czech tanks. They were put into service by the Wehrmacht, by 1943 they were completely outdated and were thrown off by the Allies of the 3rd Reich.
  7. igordok
    igordok 25 March 2014 21: 09
    +7
    I will add another one that has something in common with modernity.
    "Sevastopol OUR"
    http://fotki.yandex.ru/users/altyn41/view/952308/?page=2
  8. egsp
    egsp 25 March 2014 21: 46
    +1
    someone with a sword will come to us from the trunk and accumulate ... - "Cosmos", t / s "Brigada".