Military Review

Deck drones with missiles - new in tactics of wars

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Deck drones with missiles - new in tactics of wars

Behind the US desire to make deck drones larger and heavier, there is a transformation of tactics of future combat operations.


With significant superiority in the organization of military operations and combat operations with the use of aircraft carriers, the United States goes ahead in the main component of this type of weaponry - the use of deck aviation.

After the X-47B deck-based unmanned aerial vehicle in 2013 was tested at the level of a technology demonstrator, it seemed to be the limit, and there was no place for the aircraft carrier-fighter aircraft to move further, at least in the coming years 10.

However, the US Navy changed the concept.

They said they intend to order a larger deck drone that is comparable in size to the F-14 Tomcat fighter - the oldest, if not the oldest (1970 year of birth), deck fighter from Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation.

You will probably smile - the only country where F-14 was exported was Iran. But - Iran Shah, not ayatollahs.

The development of the new apparatus will be carried out under the US Navy UCLASS program - Unmanned Carrier-Launched Surveillance and Strike.

To date, several competing firms with their proposals take part in it.

The formal leader is Northrop Grumman with its basic X-47B-D (demonstrator) technology “demonstrator”.

Among other competitors for a very expensive order of the US Navy - Lockheed Martin, Boeing - with its Phantom Ray, and General Atomics with the marine version of its base drone Avenger.

Phantom Ray is also a basic demonstrator, invisible, the type is a flying wing, has the size of a conventional fighter, is notable for its versatility of application — reconnaissance and observation, rocket attack, refueling of other machines, including manned ones. It is distinguished by a developed artificial intelligence, the ability to suppress enemy missile defense systems.

One of the important missions of Phantom Ray is to conduct electronic attacks, the ability to disable the communication of the enemy.

Characteristically - says a lot, participation in the tender of the company General Atomics.

The company is a leading manufacturer of not only the devices themselves, as avionics - unmanned aircraft systems.

Its concept is the use of tactical reconnaissance radars and surveillance systems. A modern unmanned vehicle simply cannot do without means of reconnaissance, surveillance and reconnaissance.

General Atomics in this part is ahead of other American companies, which in some cases acquire new technologies from it, based on lasers, optical-electronic sensors, and ultra-wideband data transmission channels.

The Navy requires that the promising vehicle weight be 31.8-36.3 t, similar to the F-14 Tomcat, whose maximum take-off weight is 33.7 t.

By the way, already then - 40 years ago, the F-14 Tomcat were able to reach speeds up to 2.5 thousands of kilometers per hour, and their combat radius was about 1000 kilometers ...

The demand for payload means that the future unmanned batcher will be used as a missile carrier.

Another proposed specialization is its use as a tanker for in-flight refueling of F-35C Lightning II fighter jets.

In this case, he, according to the terms of the tender, should be able to take on board up to 9 tons of fuel.

The duration of the UAV flight must be at least 14 hours.

In addition, new vehicles in part of the control and communication channels will be mated with manned F-35C or F / A-18E / F Super Hornet fighter jets to launch missiles at their command.

Prospective carrier-based drones will be guided not only from the aircraft carrier from whose deck they have launched, but also the aircraft of the already mentioned F-35C fighters, as well as the E-2D Hawkeye long-range radar detection aircraft.

Nothing is known yet about whether they will be mated with the last level of the system - satellites.

The US Navy plans extend to the 2030 year, when it is expected to gain experience with the use of carrier-based UAVs, on the basis of which additional requirements will be developed for vehicles of this class.

And this is strange - I am sure that in 16 years the center of gravity of this kind of operations will be raised from the level of the sea surface to space orbits.

Nevertheless, I will speak out carefully - military analysts, predicting future wars, know better.

The maximum take-off mass of the X-47B drone is 20.2 t, the speed is up to 1035 km / h, the range is almost 4 thousands of km.

X-47B is able to take on weapons with a total weight of up to 2 tons.

The above stated - American companies Northrop Grumman, General Atomics, Boeing and Lockheed Martin announced their intention to take part in the development of promising deck drone.

There is one option that is accepted in the USA: all applicants can receive an order, and the final choice will be made after the creation of a real flying model.

It is more expensive, but smarter, and most importantly - more practical. And it is very likely that in a few years several types of heavy unmanned vehicles will be based on aircraft carriers ...

New devices are planned to be adopted in 2019-2021 year, but the final requirements for them will be made public before the end of 2014 year.

And now the question of concern to the Israelis: can Israeli companies participate in the competition, which, according to the international judge SIPRI, the Stockholm Institute for Peace Studies, owns about 60% of the world market for drones export?

Hardly: Israel’s military doctrine does not have the practice of using aircraft carriers, Israel does not have them, also because they are incredibly expensive, and technically their creation is only possible for the 3-4 powers of the world.

It is unlikely that Israel has the necessary tooling for their creation “in hardware”.

And because Israel does not produce heavy unmanned vehicles of the above capacity.

But what Israel could compete with American companies in is the creation of “smart avionics”.

And although it is difficult for Israeli companies to deal with such companies as Northrop Grumman and General Atomics - the leaders of world avionics.

I am sure - after the tender, if the models of UAVs of Boeing or Lockheed Martin companies are chosen, they are very likely to turn to Israeli manufacturers.

As it happened with the F-35C Lightning II fighter.

Another possible branch of cooperation is the development and production of wings for a drone (jointly with the British BAE systems) in case the Lockheed Martin wins the tender.

On the world market weapons a curious situation is taking shape: the leaders are rushing in the direction of technology, those who are lagging behind - stubbornly climb into iron, creating backward missiles daily, ephemeral aircraft carriers, declaring new aircraft ... from the last century.

New weapons completely change the tactics of wars, and third-world countries do not have time not only to create an antidote, but even to respond to innovations.

However, leadership in the field of weapons is more of an element of business.

Who creates a stronger weapon?

This can be learned from the arms export rating, which is expected to be released soon.

It is he who will assess and put in place the annual wave of real and false information about armaments.

And I think - you will be very surprised.
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  1. makarov
    makarov 14 January 2014 09: 15
    +3
    "And now the question that worries the Israelis: can Israeli companies participate in the competition, which, according to the international" judge "of SIPRI, the Stockholm Peace Research Institute, owns about 60% of the world drone export market?"

    Here it is a component of "brotherly support": - friendship, friendship, and money apart!
    1. Nevsky_ZU
      Nevsky_ZU 14 January 2014 09: 20
      0
      "And now the question that worries the Israelis: can they participate in the competition?


      We are from this issue, not cold and not hot ... :(, but subtly noticed ..
      1. crazyrom
        crazyrom 27 January 2014 04: 35
        0
        Someone who understands, please explain why drones are the size of an airplane, but are so visually different? Why do not they take a plane, do not replace the cockpit with computers and do not drones, and develop from scratch in a completely different aerodynamic design?
        1. Ezhaak
          Ezhaak 27 January 2014 10: 51
          0
          Quote: crazyrom
          Why do not take the plane, do not replace the cockpit

          Well, probably there are different requirements for the availability of equipment. On drones there is no number of devices necessary for the manned vehicle. To drones other requirements are imposed. For example, a longer stay in flight. Hence a different engine. They do not need a locator, another weight distribution of the glider. Unmanned aerial vehicles do not have the same speed as manned aircraft; they do not need it. Hence, other forms, probably. Plus the introduction of the latest technology. What you can’t do so easily on manned models.
          And as you say, they did in the USSR in the 60s.
    2. Tourist Breakfast
      Tourist Breakfast 14 January 2014 11: 22
      +1
      As soon as Israel has the first aircraft carrier. So far, there is nowhere to test a deck drone.
  2. stayer
    stayer 14 January 2014 09: 21
    +1
    The fact that drones and robots are the future of wars, I think, is beyond doubt. Sooner or later, drones will lose their exotic shape. These will be ordinary aircraft (tanks), but without a crew. Rather, the crew will sit in the control room many kilometers before the battle. Now the question is who will create the technology of safe management faster. In the sense that the enemy does not "score" the control signal.
    1. Nevsky_ZU
      Nevsky_ZU 14 January 2014 09: 34
      0
      Quote: stayer
      Now the question is who will create the technology of safe management faster. In the sense that the enemy does not "score" the control signal.


      Will it not be a bet on AI? what
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. yehat
        yehat 14 January 2014 13: 40
        0
        AI in decisions is too imperfect.
        Its role will be reduced to ensuring the majority of routine operations - performing a flight route, landing, patrolling, waiting, etc.
        and the operator will intervene in the right places.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. Kyrgyz
          Kyrgyz 14 January 2014 15: 44
          0
          Quote: yehat

          AI in decisions is too imperfect. Its role will be reduced to ensuring the majority of routine operations - performing the flight route, landing, patrolling, waiting, etc. and the operator will intervene in the right places.

          It is necessary to work and improve AI, and what you described is a trivial present, to look at which is like going back
    2. Kite
      Kite 14 January 2014 13: 07
      0
      Quote: stayer
      Rather, the crew will sit at the control point many kilometers to the battlefield

      - curious! Robots will fight just to destroy each other (in the game of excitement) or they will break through to destroy bunkers with enemy operators. Probably, far from the place of battle, you can’t sit out! And yet, with the approximate equality of the opponents, when all the cyborgs of both sides will be destroyed in the first intense phase of the clash, the saved living army will come into play.
  3. fisherman
    fisherman 14 January 2014 09: 21
    +1
    New weapons completely change the tactics of wars,


    really?

    I will look forward to continuing this literary novel, I hope that this writer will reveal to us a great military secret)
  4. sds555
    sds555 14 January 2014 09: 26
    +4
    This drone will still be able to bomb the Papuans alright, but there is no substitute for the fighter pilot in the cockpit and conduct a maneuverable aerial combat (the operator will not pull)
    1. stayer
      stayer 14 January 2014 09: 30
      0
      Quote: sds555
      but there is no substitute for a fighter pilot in the cockpit and conduct maneuverable aerial combat (the operator will not pull)

      This is the biggest problem at the moment. But electronics does not stand still. We don’t know what will happen in ... years. Sooner or later (in my opinion very soon) control systems will allow the drone to be a full-fledged combat unit.
      1. sds555
        sds555 14 January 2014 09: 38
        +4
        But the electronic warfare equipment will not stand still, and the principle will be the same as with tanks: the projectile is always ahead of the armor (armor cannot be increased indefinitely) In the fight against an enemy with equal technical capabilities, these drones will be vulnerable
        1. stayer
          stayer 14 January 2014 09: 48
          +1
          As long as the drone is controlled from the outside, there will always be an opportunity to influence the control signal, including intercepting the drone completely and simply landing it, breaking it or even turning it against the enemy. Therefore, until now this is not a real airplane worth millions, but a cheap (relatively combat vehicle) analogue with limited capabilities. But the time will come, and drones will become like in the movie about the terminator, smart, cunning, fearless, incorruptible.
          1. Hudo
            Hudo 14 January 2014 10: 17
            +3
            Quote: stayer
            But the time will come, and drones will become like in the movie about the terminator, smart, cunning, fearless, incorruptible.


            ... and any illogical decision made in the confrontation with them by a person will perplex them, initiating the adoption by them of a knowingly losing scenario of actions.
    2. yehat
      yehat 14 January 2014 13: 35
      0
      Quote: sds555
      This drone will still be able to bomb the Papuans alright, but there is no substitute for the fighter pilot in the cockpit and conduct a maneuverable aerial combat (the operator will not pull)

      and here you are mistaken!
      tests have already clearly shown that it will pull, and the requirements for the operator are weaker on the head than for the pilot.
      1. sds555
        sds555 14 January 2014 13: 45
        0
        Say this to a combat pilot and listen to his answer about these tests. laughingit’s even technically impossible now
    3. The comment was deleted.
  5. Denis
    Denis 14 January 2014 09: 31
    +1
    And this is alarming
    14 January 2014, 00: 12 (Moscow time) | Politics | "News"
    Defense Ministry to destroy obsolete Soviet drones
    Ferrous and non-ferrous metals, silver, gold and platinum will be taken from recycled aircraft
    The Ministry of Defense is preparing to dispose of unmanned aerial vehicles that entered service more than 20 years ago, in the era of the USSR. In three years, nine drones will be utilized. Their use is recognized as ineffective, and storage - inappropriate. Information about the intention to dispose of the old equipment is contained in the documents for the development of the Air Force (available to Izvestia). Former Air Force Commander Vladimir Mikhailov confirmed that the destruction of obsolete drones in Russia will be carried out for the first time.
    For three years, industrial enterprises (the contractor will be determined in mid-March of the 2014 of the year) will have to process reconnaissance aircraft systems adopted in the 70 – 80 of the past for ferrous and non-ferrous metals, silver, gold and platinum, as well as metals of the platinum group century, - "Swift", "Flight", "Bee-1" and "Wing".
    The Flight complex was commissioned at the beginning of the 1970's and conducted photo and radio reconnaissance. Shooting from a height of 500 m made it possible to recognize objects of the size of 20 on the ground. See "Flight" was used in military operations in the Caucasus.
    The Swift passed state tests in 1980 and was intended for aerial reconnaissance using a camera and an infrared camera. The device rose to a height of 6 km and accelerated to 1 thousand km / h, overcoming a distance of 900 km in one take-off.
    A similar wing apparatus was also equipped with a turbojet engine and had a similar fuselage shape with a low wing.
    The Bee-1 drone was used in the first Chechen campaign. The device was smaller and could transmit an image in two ranges (television and thermal) in real time.
    Alive in the memory of even the pigs raptures of all demusheaders about the disposal of Sharks
    And what does the rubric have to do with it | Politics |?
  6. Fin
    Fin 14 January 2014 11: 50
    0
    There is a curious situation on the world arms market: leaders are eager for technology, lagging ones are stubbornly climbing into iron, creating backward missiles, ephemeral aircraft carriers daily, announcing new planes ... from the last century.

    And this is about us. The Israelite could not resist, put a bunch.
    Once upon a time, combat lasers also made the main bet. Like no other weapons will be needed, pointed, pressed a button, burned. And where is he?
    Of course, the future is for drones, but only for the fight against Aborigines, or in a peaceful version. Agree with sds555 EW does not stand still and there is hardly a radio signal that cannot be drowned out, redirected, or distorted. Yes, and they get off well too. Therefore, rejoice early.
  7. Lk17619
    Lk17619 14 January 2014 12: 10
    0
    Quote: Nevsky_ZU
    Will it not be a bet on AI?


    Whatever the AI, it seems to me that he cannot replace a person in an emergency.
  8. Ezhaak
    Ezhaak 14 January 2014 12: 27
    0
    Remote-controlled combat modules are already there. Deck drones are already there. Case for small. It remains to create a sailor-free remote-controlled aircraft carrier and the dream of the Israelis, it’s decided to fight the Arabs while lying with a heifer in bed!