Military Review

Fight for the Arctic

The decisive advantages in this battle will be received by the party that can in a short time ensure a powerful military presence in the region.

Russian President Vladimir Putin called for special attention to be paid to the deployment of military units and infrastructure in the Arctic. “Russia is increasingly mastering this promising region and should have all the levers here to protect its security and national interests,” the president said at an expanded meeting of the Defense Ministry board. He pointed out the need to complete the formation of new formations and military units in 2014, which are part of the prospective combat strength of the Armed Forces. Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu instructed the General Staff to develop a project for the deployment of military units in the Arctic.

In many ways, this decision of the Russian president is connected with the fact that the struggle for control over the Arctic region is rapidly intensifying. It includes not only the countries of the Arctic Ocean basin - the USA, Canada, Norway, Denmark, but also the powers of other regions, for example, the PRC. Polar research has shifted from the sphere of science to the economic sphere, which has led to a fierce political dispute between the states bordering the Arctic.

Fight for resources and communications

A natural question arises: why did the leaders of many countries declare the priority of developing territories that had not been given such close attention before? A partial response to this is provided by a study of the US Geological Survey conducted in the 2000 year. His conclusions say that up to a quarter of the world's potential oil and gas resources may be located in the Arctic region.

Fight for the Arctic

To date, more than 20 large oil and gas fields have been identified in the Arctic. For 10, the promise of development has already been proven. According to the estimates of the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation, 6,2 reserves of a billion tons of oil and 15,5 trillion cubic meters of gas are concentrated on the 84,5 area of ​​one million square kilometers. The most famous is undoubtedly the Shtokman field located in the Russian shelf zone of the Barents Sea.

The price of territorial disputes in the Arctic is huge. If Moscow succeeds in proving that the Lomonosov Ocean Ridge and Mendeleev Rising, which are reaching for Greenland, are a direct continuation of the Siberian continental platform, then Russia will be entitled to additional 1,2 million square kilometers in the Arctic and the development of colossal oil and gas fields in the Chukotka - Murmansk triangle - North Pole.

Leading world countries are trying to develop new oil and gas fields, using a variety of ways to claim their rights to areas rich in hydrocarbons.

Another, in the long term, equally important resource of the Arctic is transport communications.

The US National Center for Tracking Snow and Ice Cover reported that in September 2012, the Arctic Ocean ice cover had shrunk to a record high of 3,52 million square kilometers. In 2013, the summer minimum fits into the long-term downward trend in ice cover by 12 percent per decade.

In the current century, the Arctic Ocean is expected to completely free itself from ice. Forecasts for the timing of this event differ. Proponents of conservative ratings speak of 2040. There are also more radical predictions about the melting of the ice cap by the year 2020.

In any case, the route of the Northern Sea Route (NSR) is becoming more and more accessible for commercial shipping. In 2009, two German large-capacity vessels passed through the NSR, setting a new speed record on the South Korean Ulsan-Rotterdam line. Four vessels passed on the route in 2010, 2012 in 46, and 2013 in 60. The volume of traffic on the NSR is growing by tens of percent per year: in 2011-m - 0,83 million tons, in 2012-m - 1,26 million tons, in 2013-m - 1,5 million tons (estimate). Lloyd's register of 2021 is forecast on 15 million tons, to which should be added the order of 25 million tons of Russian hydrocarbons, which in ever-increasing volumes will be exported to the northern seas. Russian forecast for 2030 - 50 million tons per year.

The reason for interest in the SMP is simple and straightforward. The route from China to Western Europe along the "north" has a length of about thousands of nautical miles around 8,1. The path through the Suez Canal is longer on the 2,4 thousands of miles. If you want to go around Africa, add more 4000 miles. For the growing freight traffic from Europe to East Asia, using the NSR offers substantial profits - about one million dollars per one trip of a large container ship.

The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 of the Year allows Russia to regulate to a certain extent the navigation on the NSR. This is our advantage, which cannot be lost and must be supported in all possible ways.

Note that for Russia, the NSR also has defense significance, since it provides completely open access to the oceans and an inter-theater maneuver with the forces and means of the Russian Navy.

So, the Arctic is becoming the scene of global competition for traffic and natural resources of global importance. World история does not know cases when such competition was conducted without taking into account military factors.

At the same time, the political regime or the peculiarities of the internal structure of the competing states do not matter. It may be recalled how much manpower and resources the leading world powers spent to establish control over the Suez and Panama canals. Quite democratic, Great Britain and Spain do not hesitate to use the threat of force in the centuries-old conflict around Gibraltar. The aforementioned “civilized” Great Britain, without a shadow of a doubt, sinks the Argentine cruiser “General Belgrano” with hundreds of sailors outside the declared military zone around the Falkland Islands (Malvinas). Before our eyes, the competition of power potentials of China, Japan, and South Korea is unfolding around several cliffs in the South China Sea. The list of examples goes on and on.

The situation in the Arctic is complicated by the fact that international legislation in relation to this region has significant gaps. It’s not a fact that it will lead to the “game of free forces”, which usually ended with wars, including world wars. But there is no doubt that Russia needs a serious deterrent potential in the region that will reliably rule out attempts by rivals to solve their tasks by force.

To the history of arctic groups

At the height of the Cold War, in the late 40s and early 50s, the strategic aviation US command successfully mastered flight routes through the North Pole. On these routes, strategic bombers were brought to the most important administrative and political centers and industrial areas of the USSR by the shortest routes. Since the 60s, the ICBM and SLBM flight paths have been passing over the Arctic.

In response, units of the radio engineering troops, part of the anti-aircraft missile forces, and regiments of anti-aircraft defense were deployed in the Arctic. In particular, the interceptors were based on the airfields of Rogachevo (Novaya Zemlya Island), Amderma, Alykel (Norilsk), Coal Mines (Chukotka). The companies and battalions of the air defense radio-technical forces were deployed on the islands of the Arctic Ocean in order to create a radar field at the distant approaches to the protected objects (locations of locations - Franz Josef Land, Novaya Zemlya Island, Severnaya Zemlya Island, Novosibirsk Islands, Wrangel Island).

Operational airfields of long-range aviation (Naryan-Mar, Amderma, Nadym, Alykel, Tiksi, Cape Schmidt, Coal Mines) were located on the Soviet coast of the Arctic Ocean, where it was supposed to refuel strategic bombers before flying through the pole to strike at the continental US.

Combined arms units and formations were represented by motorized rifle divisions on the Kola Peninsula and Chukotka. Strategic missile submarine cruisers were located in the Barents and Okhotsk Seas. Operational stability of the strategic nuclear forces was ensured both by forces fleet, and the regiments of fighter-interceptors of air defense, the forces of which formed the system of fighter aircraft cover.

One of the ways to solve the task of ensuring the security of the country, the Soviet military-political leadership considered equipping air defense systems with long-range interception systems. These complexes were to ensure the interception of aircraft carriers of nuclear weapons at a considerable distance from the protected objects, forming the first echelon of the country's defense against EIS. As a result of the decisions made, the creation of such complexes, combining them with reconnaissance equipment into specialized systems, has become for many years one of the priorities for the development of the aviation component of the country's air defense system.

Soviet military leaders understood the importance and necessity of a long-range interception system and, accordingly, a long-range fighter. In their own time, they showed special perseverance in its implementation and conducting large-scale exercises in the Arctic with the involvement of new aircraft at the time (MiG-31, Su-27, A-50, Il-78 type tankers) and working out the issues of their combat applications in the aeronautical long-range interception system.

The long-range intercept aviation system was intended for detecting an aerodynamic means of air attack beyond the horizon of a probable enemy and destroying strategic bombers by aviation complexes to the point of launching cruise missiles by the enemy under conditions of massive use of all types of electronic and fire suppression by the enemy.

The ASDP included:

  • long-range interception missile systems;
  • complexes and means of early detection, including initially AK RLDN, in the future - other means of ultra-long detection
  • airborne targets and strategic cruise missiles;
    point of command and control.

    During the period of danger, AK RLDN was on duty in the air in the main directions of an EHV strike, which made it possible to establish in advance the fact of the start of a massive raid and to ensure the possibility of long-range detection and tracking of air targets flying at low and extremely low altitudes.

    In particular, in 1986, a large-scale research and development exercise "Arktika-86" was conducted, with the aim of further developing the Arctic direction of hostilities. Two AKLDN A-50 AK, mixed MiG-31 and Su-27, Il-78T tanker, RTV equipment were involved in the teachings. During the period of the exercises for the first time were performed:

  • the landing of a pair of MiG-31 fighters at the Graham-Bell airfield;
  • interception of MiG-31 fighters, operating under the control of AK RLDN A-50, conditional targets (cruise missiles and their carriers) flying from the North;
  • simultaneous refueling of the MiG-31 fighter and the modified two-seat Su-27UB in the Matochkin Shara area (Novaya Zemlya Island);
  • targeting fighters with AK RLDN A-50 to conventional targets in automatic control mode, monitoring and controlling all air assets over the Barents Sea water area.

    The exercises allowed to form the desired appearance of a combat aircraft for operations in the Arctic: a two-seat fighter with a long range, powerful radar and the possibility of refueling in the air. When analyzing the exercises, it was noted that in long flights, pilots of single-seat fighters experience excessive psychophysical loads. This is especially true for the Arctic, with its difficult weather conditions, a long polar night and the lack of landmarks. This conclusion has become an incentive to create on the basis of the two-seater Su-27UB long-range interceptor. Already in 1987, the modified T10U-2 Sukhoy OKB with a refueling system and a new navigation system was tested in the North. The crew of Igor Votintsev and Nikolai Sadovnikov performed the long-haul flight Moscow - Graham Bell. The experience gained during those unique flights was later claimed to create a large family of Su-30 fighters, the highest point of which is today the Su-30CM combat aircraft.

    However, in the 90-ies, the entire Arctic grouping of forces and means, figuratively speaking, was demolished by a mighty hurricane. There is nothing left. Subdivisions and units of ZRV, RTV and fighter aviation are disbanded. Airfields abandoned. A significant part of the material resources remained under snow and ice. Until very recently, there was almost no combat unit from Murmansk to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. The radar field, fighter aviation and anti-aircraft missile cover ceased to exist. Our Arctic lands remained even without a hint of protection and defense.

    Threats and Tasks

    If we sum up the Soviet military activities in the Arctic, then we can say that it was mainly aimed at solving aerospace defense tasks. The exception is the western and to a lesser extent the eastern part of the Arctic region, where the tasks of ensuring the actions of the Navy were solved and limited land groups were deployed.

    With the end of the Cold War era, aerospace threats from the North have not disappeared. They only transformed and complicated. In the Arctic Ocean, there is a growing threat of deploying high-precision long-range weapons in non-nuclear equipment. In particular, this applies to converted long-range SLCM carriers in conventional Ohio-type equipment. Above the Arctic, frontiers of launching hypersonic products may be located within the framework of the American concept of rapid global strike. In this regard, the northern aerospace direction may be the most threatening to the national security of Russia (taking into account the launch range and the minimum flying time of the means of destruction).

    The most important task of the domestic Armed Forces in this region has been and remains to ensure the effectiveness of the nuclear deterrent forces (to cover combat areas and ensure the operational sustainability of groups of missile submarines).

    The transformation of threats is also associated with climate change. If the Arctic Ocean is free from ice, not only US and UK attack submarines will appear in the region. The Arctic will become a region where US multi-purpose aircraft carrier groups are active, and in the future, possibly, China. It is obvious that they will be able to solve the tasks not only of combating domestic PKK CH, but also of controlling navigation and natural resources. In this context, U.S. AMH must be considered as the most complex typical threat.

    It is more than likely that competitors will resort to indirect tactics, using real and contrived motives for the use of force of various kinds. On the example of recent detentions of ships with Russian cargo, we see that NATO is not shy about imposing restrictions on commercial shipping based on its own interests and disregarding world standards. Another method of indirect actions is actions under the flag of non-governmental organizations, pursuing both their own and external goals. A living example is the “humanitarian attack” of Greenpeace on the Prirazlomnaya platform.

    In the light of traditional and new threats, the resumption and buildup of the military presence in the Arctic for Russia is absolutely necessary. Of course, the tasks before the arctic groupings of troops (forces) will be wider and more diverse in comparison with Soviet times.

    Marine groups will have to solve not only the tasks of covering the NSNF in limited areas of combat patrols and nomination routes. Sustained permanent control over all ice-free Arctic waters is required.

    The Navy must provide cover for the Arctic groups of troops and areas of mineral resources from attacks from sea directions and prevent the strengthening of enemy groups by the sea, disrupt the sea transportation of troops and supply of material assets of the enemy if necessary, and in turn ensure their own transportation of troops and MTS in the interests of the troops.

    Aviation groups will have to solve not only the tasks of defeating strategic bombers and cruise missiles of a hypothetical enemy in flight, but also to carry out fighter air cover for areas of economic activity (oil and gas production on the shelf). At the same time, it is necessary to ensure, if necessary, cover for fleet forces (and caravans of ships with various material means) at the sea crossing on the NSR route. In addition, destroy enemy aircraft and nuclear missiles on the ground and in the air, disrupt the control of troops and weapons, destroy reserves, airborne and amphibious assault forces, disrupt the transportation of enemy troops and materiel, cover their troops and objects from attacks by air attack weapons and enemy air reconnaissance.

    The grouping of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in the Arctic will inevitably have to make a decisive contribution to the solution of the tasks of navigation, search and rescue and other types of support, the creation of a communication system. Without this, neither military nor economic activity is possible in the region.

    A separate problem is the control and, if necessary, opposition to the intelligence activities of potential adversaries. The problem is complicated by Russia's lag in modern reconnaissance vehicles, such as satellite and UAVs.

    Armament, equipment, infrastructure

    Obviously, bringing the Russian grouping to a level that will reflect the existing and future threats will be a complex, lengthy and expensive process.

    This, for example, fully applies to the Russian Navy. Considering the state of the fleet, the budget possibilities and the potential of the industry, the buildup of the Arctic group will last for decades. Moreover, it will require not only the construction of warships and support vessels for existing projects, but also the design of new ones designed for operations in difficult ice conditions. Another difficult task is the restoration of fleet bases abandoned in the 90s.

    Of course, the priority activity is the repair, rehabilitation and new construction of airfields. These are precisely the pivot points (or nodes), with the help of which it is possible to easily project military efforts throughout the region and in a short time to deploy the necessary groups of troops and forces.

    Recently it was announced that reconstruction of the Besovets airfields in the Republic of Karelia and Plesetsk in the Arkhangelsk region will begin soon. In the future, it will be necessary to restore the permanent presence of the Air Force on the airfields of Rogachevo (Novaya Zemlya Island), Alykel (Norilsk), Coal Mines (Anadyr, Chukotka). On the rest of the Arctic airfields (Graham Bell, Temp, Amderma, Tiksi, Cape Schmidt) it is possible to be on duty on a rotational basis - in units and squadrons.

    On the restored airfields and some islands of the Arctic Ocean there is an urgent need to deploy over-the-horizon radar. The use of stations of this type will largely solve the problem of inconsistency between the spatial capabilities of the traditional control system and the combat capabilities of fourth and fifth generation fighters. At the same time, semi-autonomous actions of reconnaissance-strike and strike groups of fighters are provided at a distance from 1000 to 3000 kilometers from the location of the ZG radar station, which corresponds to the maximum radius of action of fighters from advanced airfields, depending on the direction of the enemy's VNS.

    Under current conditions, a consistent build-up of an Air Force grouping is the fastest and most effective way to strengthen Russia's military capabilities in the Arctic. Perhaps this is the only thing that the Ministry of Defense can do in the near future.

    The matter is facilitated by the fact that today the Russian industry is modernizing, producing or deploying the production of aircraft that are urgently needed for the Arctic grouping.

    This is primarily a heavy fighter-interceptor MiG-31 in a modernized version of the "BM". This is a two-seat aircraft with a powerful radar, which provides early warning and simultaneous destruction of several air targets. Unlike the basic version, the MiG-31BM has an expanded arsenal of air-to-air missiles, which allows it to conduct air combat with enemy fighters at large and medium distances.

    Possessing a significant modernization potential, the MiG-31 is promising as a base aircraft in solving problems of aerospace defense, a strategic reconnaissance aircraft, a long-range strike aircraft, and operational means of launching satellites for various purposes into near-earth orbits. If there is political will, the number of airplanes undergoing modernization can be significantly increased due to the machines that are in service in the Air Force and in storage.

    At the same time, the Arctic grouping needs to be replenished with multifunctional combat aircraft capable of carrying out both fighter and attack missions.

    In modern conditions, the most realistic candidate for this role is Su-30CM. In Russia there is a large-scale production of this type of aircraft. From 2013 of the year they come to the air force of the Russian Federation. Avionics and aircraft armament allow in one combat sortie to solve the tasks of defeating high-precision weapons of air and surface targets from a long distance.

    The excellent flight performance of the Su-30, in particular, super-maneuverability, are also among the advantages in demand in the Arctic conditions. For example, they are in demand when flying from small aerodromes, as well as when escorting and expelling low-speed aircraft from protected airspace.

    Like the MiG-31, the Su-30CM has a significant modernization potential. The likely retrofitting of this machine with long-range supersonic (and in the long run hypersonic) missiles will create a unique strike complex, allowing to hit any naval targets, including aircraft carriers.

    A significant advantage of the aircraft is the well-adjusted rhythmic production and extensive experience in operating its progenitors - Su-30МКИ / МКА / МКМ abroad. As shown by international exercises with the participation of the Indian Air Force, Su-30MKI aircraft are superior to modern serial fighter jets of states with interests in the Arctic.

    It is important to note that the Su-30CM is an aviation complex balanced in characteristics and capabilities. This allows you to avoid the formation of heterogeneous aviation groups, which is especially important in the difficult conditions of the northern airfields. The crew of two people will provide not only the solution of combat missions, but also accelerated training of flight personnel. The latter is relevant in view of the relatively small number of pilots trained in flights in the difficult geographical and meteorological conditions of the Arctic.

    The most important prerequisite for the formation of the Arctic group was the resumption of production of Il-76MD-90А planes in Ulyanovsk. In the future, this will provide an increase in the number of tanker aircraft and AK RLDN. Today, these types of aircraft in the Air Force is too small to deploy a full-fledged Arctic grouping.

    There is another important point that is often overlooked. Experience shows that from the beginning of shipments of aircraft, aircraft, radio equipment to the combat readiness of units passes from three to five years. Obviously, this term will be even longer with respect to the Arctic. Repair of airfields, deployment of support infrastructure, reconstruction of the control and communication system, training in flights in the difficult conditions of the Far North, organization of the search and rescue service in a deserted area - all this will require considerable time and effort. Therefore, it is important to start this work today, focusing on areas where you can quickly achieve success. In conditions when the most dangerous competitors surpass Russia in economic opportunities, our only way out is to work in advance.
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    1. igor36
      igor36 30 December 2013 10: 55
      The North is Russia's future, if defense is not ensured, then no legal documents, evidence and debate at the UN will help. The one who is stronger is right. Russia has vast experience in the development of the northern territories, and if we do not master and protect them, then perhaps another country will do it.
      1. Vadivak
        Vadivak 30 December 2013 15: 18
        Quote: ....
        Besovets in the Republic of Karelia and Plesetsk in the Arkhangelsk Region. Rogachevo (Novaya Zemlya Island), Alykel (Norilsk), Coal Mines (Anadyr, Chukotka). (Graham Bell, Temp, Amderma, Tiksi, Cape Schmidt)

        Mikhalkino did not indicate.
        Airfield for intercontinental aviation, nuclear weapons carriers. Part of the US nuclear strike project through Tu-95. (Runway) of this airfield is located on the right bank of the Kolyma between Cape Aspidny and Cape Krutaya Dresva.
        The coordinates of this structure are 69,363 nd 161,559 at.
        The length of the runway is about 3,5 km.

        It was built in 1961 by forces in part 15421 (commander A. Elnikov) and was maintained in constant readiness by the aviation commandant's office (commander Major K. N. Gordeev).
        He was subordinate to the operational group of the Arctic long-range aviation. The commander of the operational group is Lieutenant General Aviation Gusarov.
        1. sledgehammer102
          sledgehammer102 30 December 2013 16: 02
          Russia very tightly took up the Arctic !!! This is already obvious to everyone. And icebreakers and airfields, ports !! Now, our combat geologists and geologists will prove that the shelf belongs right up to the North Podus and that's all. Basta. Figs we let go there.
          1. Sakmagon
            Sakmagon 30 December 2013 17: 01
            Russia has vast experience in the development of the northern territories

            And the rest are willing ... stop LOSE UP!
            You won’t even be able to work temporarily in those conditions where we just ... LIVE!
            1. AVV
              AVV 30 December 2013 21: 39
              Gom.iki in such conditions would die out !!! And the power of Russia with the Arctic will be reborn !!!
          2. URAL72
            URAL72 30 December 2013 18: 41
            Yes, they took up the Arctic, but economic power is not yet sufficient. Therefore, the main emphasis on strategic forces - the nuclear submarine is the only thing that allows you to fight under the ice of the north. The appearance of aircraft carriers is possible only in the Barents Sea, even after 2040. Then the author bent. The Su-30 is an excellent machine that will allow us to take a break in 10-15 years, but for the north it is better to have a T-50 with a declared range of 5500 km. and the ability to be based on unpaved airfields. I will not speak about its merits. Such machines become strategic weapons, as they can be quickly transferred to another (read-Chinese ...) direction. You should not really count on refueling from IL-78, since they are focused on DBA, and besides, they will become one of the main goals of the first strike. But otherwise everything is right - from me +!
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. Siberian German
        Siberian German 30 December 2013 21: 20
        the one who has more rights is right - there was the UNION all the languages ​​held by the priests - they destroyed the UNION all the trash started talking about trying to snatch a piece
      4. valokordin
        valokordin 31 December 2013 01: 51
        Quote: igor36
        The North is Russia's future, if defense is not ensured, then no legal documents, evidence and debate at the UN will help. The one who is stronger is right. Russia has vast experience in the development of the northern territories, and if we do not master and protect them, then perhaps another country will do it.

        Many more will have to be restored, after the Yeltsin collapse, and we should also firmly ask the democrats still alive for the damage done.
      5. The comment was deleted.
    2. Stiletto
      Stiletto 30 December 2013 15: 12
      The focus with Alaska in the States will no longer roll. The first and last thing we surrendered to them. More, as they say, bit it, bite it!
      1. Vittt
        Vittt 30 December 2013 17: 55
        Quote: Stiletto
        The focus with Alaska in the States will no longer roll. The first and last thing we surrendered to them. More, as they say, bit it, bite it!

        The Tsar (this liberator of Bulgaria, who is now in NATO) with his brother, the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the paskuda-governor ants gave them for 7 lemons that under no circumstances could be surrendered. FOR ETERNAL TIMES - TRADITORS OF RUSSIA.
      2. Siberian German
        Siberian German 31 December 2013 11: 57
        not the last - remember about gifts to Norwegians and Chinese
    3. Russ69
      Russ69 30 December 2013 15: 14
      Today "Severodvinsk" was handed over to the fleet. And "Smolensk", after 1,5 years of repair and modernization, also went to the base ...
      1. jjj
        jjj 30 December 2013 18: 47
        The act on "Severodvinsk" was not signed. There will be a trial operation
        1. Captain Vrungel
          Captain Vrungel 31 December 2013 07: 38
          Submerging is power. And what is the strength on the surface. Having a terrible icebreaker fleet and expeditionary vessels of the Arctic navigation, which prevents them from endowing them with the functions of coast guard ships. USA, Canada and even Argentina are classified as coast guard ships. Places on them are enough not only to establish a salute gun.
    4. Vitaly Anisimov
      Vitaly Anisimov 30 December 2013 15: 23
      We will fight for the Arctic!
    5. homosum20
      homosum20 30 December 2013 15: 39
      Because of Syria, which is the size of a spit on the map, the war has been going on for three years, but has not grown into a pan-Middle Eastern one. Imagine what will be a quarter of the stock. Little will not seem to anyone. Yes, plus the economy of the Northern Sea Route. We will never have a quiet life.
      1. mountain
        mountain 30 December 2013 15: 55
        We can only dream of peace, and after the Arctic and space, and there we also have experience.
        1. Evgenij.
          Evgenij. 3 January 2014 18: 55
          I would say in parallel
    6. axpert2008
      axpert2008 30 December 2013 15: 41
      Good article. No snot and unnecessary aplomb. Everything is clear and clear. The goals are clear, the tasks are defined. But just what to do with the possessed geeks, those who sow death in Volgograd? How to detect this scum?
      1. Committee
        Committee 30 December 2013 15: 56
        Return the forgotten hostage to the 20th Institute. The most effective measure. You can not even advertise. Aloud.
    7. Egen
      Egen 30 December 2013 15: 42
      "According to the calculations of the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation, reserves of 6,2 billion tons of oil and 15,5 trillion cubic meters of gas are concentrated on an area of ​​84,5 million square kilometers."

      This is all good, it is clear that "the place needs to be filled up" :), but what a pretty penny will the development of these deposits be? This is exactly the same amount (82 trillion m3) in Russia of coal bed methane reserves, and in Kuzbass of them only 6 to 13 trillion m3. And they are closer and simpler, so IMHO the Arctic at cost price will wait a little ...
      1. Vasek
        Vasek 31 December 2013 00: 14
        Quote: Egen
        This is all good, it is clear that "the place needs to be filled up" :), but what a pretty penny will the development of these deposits be? This is exactly the same amount (82 trillion m3) in Russia of coal bed methane reserves, and in Kuzbass of them only 6 to 13 trillion m3. And they are closer and simpler, so IMHO the Arctic at cost price will wait a little ...

        Field development is the second question!
        The first and foremost is the ability to intercept the muck that is flying from the Northern (i.e., main) direction into us not over its territory, but over the Ocean.
        One of the directions for solving the problem of ensuring the country's security, the Soviet military-political leadership considered equipping air defense with long-range interception aviation systems. These complexes were supposed to ensure the interception of aircraft carriers of nuclear weapons at a considerable distance from the protected objects, forming the first echelon of defense of the country from the IOS. As a result of the decisions taken, the creation of such systems with their integration with intelligence into specialized systems has become for many years one of the priority areas for the development of the aviation component of the country's air defense system.

        All correctly considered the Soviet military-political leadership!
        It is only necessary to bring to the end the plan, but at a new technical level.
        The first frontier of air defense / missile defense should not pass inside the country!
        And then you can calmly engage in the development of deposits, piloting ships, developing ports, etc.
        1. Egen
          Egen 31 December 2013 08: 20
          Quote: Vasek
          Field development is the second question!

          This is 100% understandable :)
        2. Egen
          Egen 31 December 2013 08: 20
          Quote: Vasek
          Field development is the second question!

          This is 100% understandable :)
    8. observer
      observer 30 December 2013 15: 58
      Not a scrap of the Arctic to our enemies!
    9. Kulneff2009
      Kulneff2009 30 December 2013 16: 00
      The Arctic must be ours! Definitely!
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. CALL.
        CALL. 31 December 2013 10: 14
        Quote: Kulneff2009
        The Arctic must be ours! Definitely!

        The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea provides for the possibility that if any country can prove that the shelf of the Arctic Ocean is a continuation of its continental platform, this part of the Arctic shelf will be recognized as its property.
        In August 2007, a team of Russian scientists and parliamentarians went to the North Pole and went down to the ocean floor through drifting ice, breaking more than two miles in total darkness.
        There, the researchers set the Russian flag and, having climbed to the surface, announced that the results of this expedition reinforced the claims of Moscow to almost half the bottom of the Arctic Ocean.
        About 25% of the world's oil and gas reserves, as well as rich deposits of diamonds, gold, platinum, tin, manganese, nickel and lead, are located at the bottom of the Arctic Ocean. Reserves of Arctic oil, according to the UN, exceed 100 billion tons, which is 2,4 times more than all Russia's resources. According to experts, already by 2040, due to global warming, a significant part of the Arctic Ocean will be free of ice, which will greatly facilitate the extraction of natural resources from the bottom and reduce the cost of transportation.
        1. CALL.
          CALL. 31 December 2013 10: 35
          The shelf is recognized as “national” if the country manages to prove: it is a continuation of a land ridge or part of a natural plateau. On the Mendeleev plateau and the Lomonosov ridge, Russian scientists conducted comprehensive geological and geophysical studies. The acoustic, television and photo studies of the area came from air and water. From the Arctic icebreaker, the polar explorers on the bathyscaphe sank to the ocean floor near the North Pole, took soil samples at a depth of more than 4 thousand meters and installed the State Flag of the Russian Federation there. A preliminary analysis of the extracted materials confirmed that the sea ridge and bottom plateau are a continuation of the Russian continental shelf. So, its borders should be extended. The geological substantiation of such an application is now being prepared by our specialists.
      3. Committee
        Committee 31 December 2013 23: 27
        She is already ours, just our potential probably needs to be reminded all the time. Unbelted.
    10. Sharingan
      Sharingan 30 December 2013 16: 24
      Today, on the day of the "birth" of the USSR, it is possible to dream about the revival of the "Soviet" Arctic soon, in a good sense of the word :)
    11. buga1979
      buga1979 30 December 2013 17: 15
      Quote: Egen
      "According to the calculations of the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation, reserves of 6,2 billion tons of oil and 15,5 trillion cubic meters of gas are concentrated on an area of ​​84,5 million square kilometers."

      This is all good, it is clear that "the place needs to be filled up" :), but what a pretty penny will the development of these deposits be? This is exactly the same amount (82 trillion m3) in Russia of coal bed methane reserves, and in Kuzbass of them only 6 to 13 trillion m3. And they are closer and simpler, so IMHO the Arctic at cost price will wait a little ...

      no, well, the price will obviously not be profitable, no one will develop it, and so the children and grandchildren will stay as we now use the pantries of Siberia and indeed the stock of ass does not ....
    12. vvvvv
      vvvvv 30 December 2013 17: 28
      And first, it will be necessary to make huge investments in the Arctic. And when the moment draws near, a howl will begin again, that we are throwing out money for the Arctic, but there are not enough retirements, roads and education.
      It will be so. And now, when huge funds are allocated for submarines, a floating nuclear power plant, a spacemodule on the Amur River and a lot of everything global, then even here there is a lot of criticism from the authorities that the problems in the country have not been solved, money is being thrown out of place. Here I foresee and will be so with the Arctic. Who wants to tighten their belts and mobilize, even if it is very necessary and promises a lot in the future. After all, the availability of state funds for everything is also a question that can generate a lot of controversy. And yes, everyone writes that Russia needs the Arctic. And tomorrow they will scream - Putin leave ...
    13. Yun Klob
      Yun Klob 30 December 2013 17: 39
      Did Serdyukov even be reprimanded for his dispersal of the Arctic group of the Russian Armed Forces?
      1. not good
        not good 31 December 2013 00: 03
        Yeah, schaz! This .... Pb also falls under the amnesty as a hero 08.08.08/XNUMX/XNUMX .. Although more than an aspen stake did not deserve.
    14. x.andvlad
      x.andvlad 30 December 2013 17: 44
      Quote: igor36
      Russia has vast experience in the development of the northern territories, and if we do not master and protect them, then perhaps another country will do it.

      I completely agree! We still have the most powerful icebreaking fleet, resuscitation of polar airfields has begun, specialists for Arctic brigades are preparing. It is necessary to revive the entire infrastructure in the North, to have our own equipment and equipment. Our military presence in the Arctic should be constant, so that no one even doubts that this is our territory.
    15. SERGEY 59
      SERGEY 59 30 December 2013 18: 17
      even Lomonosov said that Russia will grow in the riches of Siberia. And what? And nothing, where these riches were lying there is still lying around. Now, let the whole world nose in the morning and conquer the Arctic. And then what will we do with it? There will be no Siberian expenses. As the classic said, WHERE IS MONEY, ZIN? In the meantime, we are not introducing troops into the Arctic, in our own Volgograd.
      1. pv1005
        pv1005 31 December 2013 07: 09
        Judging by your flag, Volgograd is not yours.
      2. Black
        Black 31 December 2013 12: 50
        Change your nickname to "Sergey 69" .... And we will understand, forgive ....
    16. Chicot 1
      Chicot 1 30 December 2013 18: 46
      Russia must (yes, and not just must — must!) Firmly establish itself in the Arctic. And the reason for this is not only the economic component (although this is important), but also the question of prestige. And the North has always been Russian ...
      It is possible that some people in a fabulous and civilized foreign country have already forgotten about it, so if necessary, you must be ready to remind ...
      As for the material itself ... Expanded, detailed and balanced. On "five points plus" ...

      The Arctic does not like wimps ...
    17. The comment was deleted.
    18. Ivanovich47
      Ivanovich47 30 December 2013 19: 23
      Significant territories of the Russian sector of the Arctic were provided with radio navigation information from the RSDN-5 long-range radio navigation system. The desire to save money led to the destruction of one of the unique stations of this system in the area of ​​the Taimylir settlement. Now we are returning home to the Arctic latitudes. But the blown up cannot be restored.
      1. Ivanovich47
        Ivanovich47 30 December 2013 19: 37
        Video about how they destroyed the RSDN station in the area of ​​Taimylyr.
        1. jagdpanzer
          jagdpanzer 30 December 2013 21: 02
          do not build to break .. I understand that it is possibly dangerous without maintenance, but to build it again will be oh how expensive it is.
          1. pv1005
            pv1005 31 December 2013 07: 11
    19. vlad.svargin
      vlad.svargin 30 December 2013 19: 28
      "Only our country possesses unique equipment capable of solving various tasks at a high level in extreme Arctic conditions, nothing can compare with our icebreaker fleet in terms of mobility and efficiency," Chilingarov said, commenting on the statements of a number of officials of the alliance that the Arctic region is strategically important to NATO.

      <<Therefore, it is important to start this work today, focusing on those areas where success can be quickly achieved. In conditions when the most dangerous competitors surpass Russia in economic opportunities, our only way out is to work ahead of the curve.>>
      And the groundwork has been laid down since the Stalinist reforms for the development of the Arctic (NSR), and this is our advantage, which gives us time for the military development of the strategic northern region.
    20. Arhj
      Arhj 30 December 2013 20: 20
      The Arctic is not only hydrocarbons, transport and missile flight time, it is also the most valuable biological resources and huge reserves of drinking water, which can soon become more expensive than oil.
    21. alone
      alone 30 December 2013 20: 26
      In my opinion, now there is a battle everywhere. Not only in the Arctic, but also in the East, and in the West, and in the South.
    22. Alikovo
      Alikovo 30 December 2013 20: 26
      7-8 airfields, 4-5 naval naval bases and constant patrolling in the air and on the water.
    23. 120352
      120352 30 December 2013 22: 46
      35 years ago I lived in the North. He traveled from Murmansk to Anadyr. He was engaged in science. So, at that time there were plenty of military men. Around the rocket stood mine-based. Then the rockets were removed, the mines were buried. There were airfields. Now they are gone - thanks to Gaidar. The border guards, in the end, guarded the border. Now there are no border guards there either. There was a Kaliningrad detachment in Ghost Bay with its outposts, equipment, and aviation. Now there is no. But it is necessary to revive. Who will pay for the fact that the Fatherland is left unprotected, for the perpetrated devastation? For the fact that now everything will have to be revived from scratch? Because we now have nothing to defend in the North and the North of the Far East? The people who made the decision to remove the armed forces from the North are traitors! Need to find them and judge!
    24. voliador
      voliador 30 December 2013 23: 06
      Our presence in the Arctic must, of course, be expanded. A constant air patrol is not necessary. It is enough to cover with a continuous radar field.
    25. not main
      not main 31 December 2013 00: 48
      The Arctic was and will be ours! That's just to prove it must be convincing! Someone with words, and someone without words immediately in the nose!
    26. Magadan
      Magadan 31 December 2013 03: 33
      the West itself has been calling us northern barbarians all its life. Now let him shut up now.
    27. Think.
      Think. 31 December 2013 04: 22
      The main thing is Rational, Competent approach. Only then will there be a positive result.
    28. The comment was deleted.
    29. d_trader
      d_trader 31 December 2013 11: 36
      The collage in the first photo is somehow awkward.
    30. Zomanus
      Zomanus 1 January 2014 06: 40
      Well, yes, they took up the protection of their plots. Because they realized that they can easily take away the shares from them, and everything else too. Do not flatter yourself. all this revival is not for us, it is enough to look at domestic politics. All this revival for the protection of plots, owned by a handful of people. We will only be allowed to die for sharing, we won’t get anything from those resources. And if on the topic of the article, then you need to stupidly stuff the region. To restore what it makes sense to restore, ram the ships-planes there, and prepare bases for them.