Military Review

Tajikistan: what prevents the return of Russian border guards?

Tajikistan: what prevents the return of Russian border guards?The key theme of the September summit of the CSTO in Sochi was the “2014 problem” - the development of the military-political situation in Central Asia after the US’s withdrawal from Afghanistan. The greatest concern is the state of the Tajik-Afghan border, the longest (1344 km) of the borders of Afghanistan with the republics of the former USSR. However, the decision to return the Russian border guards at the summit was not taken. Instead, it was decided to limit military technical assistance to Dushanbe.

The fact that the return of Russian border guards to Tajikistan is not planned was announced on September 23 by CSTO Secretary General Nikolai Bordyuzha. To protect the border, in his opinion, the existing national contingent is quite enough. In addition, the CSTO plans to provide assistance to Tajikistan, which will drastically improve the border security situation. On October 2, information really appeared about large-scale deliveries of Russian equipment to Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. According to Kommersant, Moscow agreed with Bishkek and Dushanbe on the product range that it would supply them with as military-technical assistance. Of which $ 1,1 billion will go to Kyrgyzstan, and $ 200 million to Tajikistan, for which he will receive Aviation, communications, artillery, air defense and small arms weapon. But will this weapon allow to drastically improve border security?

Russian border guards in Tajikistan: before and after

A group of border troops of Russia in Tajikistan was formed in 1992 and existed until the summer of 2005, when it was withdrawn at the request of the Tajik side. All this time, Tajikistan was in the lead among the other republics bordering on Afghanistan in terms of the amount of intercepted drugs. In total, more than 30 tons of drugs, including more than 11,5 tons of heroin, were discovered and destroyed by Russian border guards. Only from 2002 to 2004, about 2 tons of drugs were intercepted, 1,7 tons of which amounted to heroin. In addition, the border guards destroyed more than 3 thousand militants and prevented many attempts to violate the border. And this is in conditions when the civil war was going on from 1992 to 1997 in the republic, and the units of the United Tajik Opposition, which was assisted by the Afghan Mujahideen, were on both sides of the border.

With the departure of the Russian border guards, the Tajik-Afghan border guard quickly weakened. Tajikistan had neither experience nor military-technical capabilities for this. After the fall of the Taliban regime, drug production in Afghanistan increased 40 times. Having no special obstacles, they flooded into Russia and Europe. Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan became key points of their transit, from where drugs get to Kazakhstan and then to Russia. To intercept them on the huge (more than 7 thousand km.) And poorly guarded Russian-Kazakhstan border is much more difficult than in Tajikistan. According to the head of the Federal Drug Control Service, Viktor Ivanov, about 100 thousand people die from drug use every year in Russia. And, above all, people in active and working age, who are so lacking, die.

It is no coincidence that the idea of ​​returning Russian border guards to Tajikistan was launched in June 2010 by V.Ivanov. However, it did not arouse any enthusiasm from official Dushanbe. A whole series of materials and comments of experts appeared in the Tajik media, proving that the republic is quite able to cope with border security on its own. Meanwhile, the inspection visit of a group of CSTO military advisers led by the organization’s deputy secretary general, Gennady Nevyglas, at the end of August this year showed that the situation on the border is far from ideal. The personnel of the border guards are fully staffed, but the level of their technical equipment leaves much to be desired: there is no aircraft, night vision devices, optical sights and other tracking devices. As a result, Tajik border guards are not always capable of repelling incursions by large and well-armed militant groups on their own.

Who will protect the border?

The place of Russia on the Tajik-Afghan border, tried to take the Americans. In November last year, it became known that the United States allocated about $ 2 million dollars to Tajikistan to equip security forces with communication systems. In addition, two border posts were built on the Tajik-Afghan border, built with US assistance. In 2009, the Americans made a proposal to create mobile special forces groups that could operate on the territory of all five Central Asian republics, freely crossing the interstate border. In practice, this proposal was not implemented, but in fact the Americans crossed the border. So, in September 2010, they helped the Tajik border guards repel an attack by an armed group, which resulted in the death of 20 militants and one soldier. Independently, according to the Americans, the Tajik military would not have coped with them. Later, the US Central Command confirmed that “in some cases” US special forces were allowed to penetrate the territory of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan to fight the militants.

The ability of Dushanbe to control remote regions also causes doubts. Last summer in Gorny Badakhshan, fierce battles broke out between government forces and detachments of local field commanders, integrated after the end of the civil war into official security forces. During these battles, according to various estimates, from 42 to 200 people died. Moreover, the Tajik security officials failed to defeat the Badakhshans, and they had to conclude an armistice with them. At the same time, on the territory of neighboring Afghanistan, the militants concentrated on 200, ready to intervene in the conflict. In the event of further escalation, he could easily spill over into the territory of Afghanistan and assume a transboundary character.

Whether the Tajik military would cope with it without the help of other states is a big question. Civil War Experience 1992 – 1997 gives a rather negative answer. Even with the active assistance of Russia and Uzbekistan, E. Rakhmon's regime could not crush the opposition and in June 1997 was forced to go to a peace agreement.

In fact, both Tajikistan and Russia are objectively interested in the return of border guards. Many analysts do not exclude this option.

“... If the situation deteriorates at the pace that we see now,” Andrei Grozin, head of the Central Asia and Kazakhstan Institute of the CIS countries, told Golos Rossii, when extremists preparing for terrorist attacks detain almost every month in both Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. acts, I think that the appearance of the Russian border guards is not excluded. " This scenario also corresponds to the interests of the members of the CSTO and the Customs Union, since it solves a number of acute problems to ensure the security of their southern borders. Tajikistan is not yet a candidate for joining the union, but the accession of Kyrgyzstan to it, willy-nilly, will raise the issue of integration with Dushanbe. As part of the union, the border will cease to be a matter only of Tajikistan. Otherwise, the allied states will have to defend the Tajik-Kyrgyz, not the Tajik-Afghan border.
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  1. SAG
    SAG 15 October 2013 06: 49 New
    Soon, the Yankees from Afghanistan will be dumped, leaving behind a not viable government. As history shows, 863 times the Taliban will certainly come to power. And the Tajiks themselves will already then ask the Russian border troops for support!
    1. Ingvar 72
      Ingvar 72 15 October 2013 09: 08 New
      Yes, they do not get out of there. Almost all heroin is produced in Afghanistan, and it’s foolish to hope that the pendos get off such a feeder. And the kimberlite pipe is not small there.
      1. S_mirnov
        S_mirnov 15 October 2013 10: 24 New
        Quote: Ingvar 72
        and it’s stupid to hope that pendosy get off such a feeder.

        The stump is clear, do not get off! They set up a puppet government and will control it.
        I’m surprised by the obstinacy of some citizens in whose media the myths were put that the Americans in Afghanistan are very beneficial to Russia and that as soon as the Americans leave there, will we all feel terribly bad ?! fool In my greater stupidity, than to rejoice at the US presence in Afghanistan is hard to come up with.
    2. hrych
      hrych 15 October 2013 09: 43 New
      Here Karzai already said that the United States would leave 9 military bases scattered throughout Afghanistan and 22 thousand military men serving them plus from other NATO countries. Of course, the XNUMX-strong contingent to chase the Taliban is redundant, but the USA will never leave Afghanistan by their own will, except for control of the center of Central Asia, their task is to prevent the construction of an oil pipeline from Iran to the PRC, which was agreed with the Taliban and which would make China independent of the Anglo-Saxons controlling the sea route.
    3. seller trucks
      seller trucks 15 October 2013 11: 12 New
      In total, more than 30 tons of narcotic substances were discovered and destroyed by Russian border guards, including more than 11,5 tons of heroin.

      that's right, the United States will never leave Afghanistan, transfer the forces of private military companies and it's not only about the control of MI6, the CIA and the Massad of drug trafficking, but also the geopolitical position of Afghanistan, which is called the "heart of Asia", which is already an open military confrontation for Afghanistan has been going on for 34 years.
    4. Airman
      Airman 15 October 2013 12: 18 New
      Quote: SAG
      Soon, the Yankees from Afghanistan will be dumped, leaving behind a not viable government. As history shows, 863 times the Taliban will certainly come to power. And the Tajiks themselves will already then ask the Russian border troops for support!

      It’s not good to strengthen foreign borders, it’s better to strengthen the Russian-Kazakh border and carefully check trains and planes from Central Asia, and drug couriers should be tried on hard labor the same day for 20 years. Found a drug - what’s the consequence? And laying the lives of our border guards for a FOREIGN LAND is a crime.
      1. stroporez
        stroporez 15 October 2013 13: 03 New
        Quote: Povshnik
        And laying the lives of our border guards for a FOREIGN LAND is a crime.
        ------ they slowed down more than 30 tons of drugs, do not want to count how many lives it ?????????????
        1. Airman
          Airman 15 October 2013 19: 19 New
          Quote: stroporez
          Quote: Povshnik
          And laying the lives of our border guards for a FOREIGN LAND is a crime.
          ------ they slowed down more than 30 tons of drugs, do not want to count how many lives it ?????????????

          Let them slow down on the Russian borders, and let the aborigines guard the foreign borders. They do not want to fight for their land. This is THEIR BORDER, not ours. And 201st base is also not there.
          1. stroporez
            stroporez 17 October 2013 09: 34 New
            I think the farther from Russia they slow them down - the better .... ideally ---- right at the place of production .......
    5. starshina78
      starshina78 15 October 2013 19: 36 New
      But is the drug mafia from Afghanistan and Tajikistan behind the ban on inviting Russian border guards? It’s a lot of money, and losing such a business is worth a lot.
      1. POCC
        POCC 16 October 2013 22: 17 New
        It may well be there the authorities are corrupt like girls from the panel
  2. Sunjar
    Sunjar 15 October 2013 07: 01 New
    About 100 thousand people die from drug use every year in Russia.

    In Afghanistan, according to the official version, 13 833 people died (took from VICI. Not the most reliable source, but still), and this is in ten years, and now 100 thousand annually. And after that, someone else asks the question: "Why did the USSR fought in Afghanistan?" Narktota was far from last among the goals of the USSR.
    Tajiks do not want Russian intervention, because they themselves are heroin heroin. Look at the reports of detainees for drug trafficking: almost all Tajiks. And given the rather high efficiency of the Russian border guards, their negative attitude towards Russian assistance. I suppose they have the main replenishment of the budget comes from the sale and transit of drugs.
    1. Ingvar 72
      Ingvar 72 15 October 2013 11: 20 New
      Quote: Sunjar
      Tajiks do not want Russian intervention, because they themselves are heroin heroin.

      If ours were not in the subject, their entire trade would quickly break off.
  3. major071
    major071 15 October 2013 07: 04 New
    Tajikistan: what prevents the return of Russian border guards?

    The answer to this question is given directly in the title of the article. What is in the way? - Tajikistan! hi
    1. alone
      alone 15 October 2013 09: 11 New
      Tajikistan: what prevents the return of Russian border guards?

      Want to know who's stopping? drug lords who have already established an uninterrupted supply of Afghan heroin to the vastness of Russia. and who these barons are probably everyone knows
    2. Airman
      Airman 15 October 2013 19: 52 New
      Quote: major071

      The answer to this question is given directly in the title of the article. What is in the way? - Tajikistan! hi

      Return all Tajik guest workers to Tajikistan, and let them guard their border.
  4. treskoed
    treskoed 15 October 2013 07: 06 New
    It is necessary to equip the border of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION! And an effective border - a barrier to drugs and crime!
    1. sergey32
      sergey32 15 October 2013 07: 41 New
      It is better to strengthen the border of the Customs Union with the rest of Central Asia. And poppy fields in Afghanistan must be pollinated by aviation, there are herbicides, biological control agents. Americans in Colombia pollinate without shy, because cocaine goes to them.
  5. Lech from our city
    Lech from our city 15 October 2013 07: 08 New
    BAI RAKHMONOV in TAJIKISTAN is like a bloodsucker sucked on the money of RUSSIA and will demand it under various pretexts. The PRESENCE of our border guards will not solve the problem with drugs until the Tajiks themselves want it, but this is already from the realm of fantasy.
    1. Very old
      Very old 15 October 2013 09: 39 New
      Nevertheless, Sergei32 showed one of the best solutions to the problem. Without poppy fields, Afghanistan can no longer exist: the Americans firmly "put" the country on poppy: this is killing Russia, and Afghanistan is plunged into the Middle Ages
    2. Very old
      Very old 15 October 2013 16: 27 New
      Unfortunately, I have to agree, the buy does not have his own will
  6. Strashila
    Strashila 15 October 2013 07: 10 New
    The financial interests of the rulers of Tajikistan ... there have already been precedents when relatives of senior officials are involved in drug trafficking in Russia. Lock the border and the interest of Tajik migrants in Russia will disappear, they have nothing to do without drugs in our country ... there aren’t so many squares of stucco and green bunches to drive billions of dollars to Tajikistan.
  7. Alikovo
    Alikovo 15 October 2013 07: 29 New
    interrupt all transport links with Tajikistan: there will be no migrants from there, there will be no dope.
  8. Sergeant
    Sergeant 15 October 2013 08: 26 New
    ... The greatest concern is the state of the Tajik-Afghan border, the longest (1344 km) ...

    The presence of such a "hole" is a serious threat to the Central Asian republics. And as a result - Russia.
    If provocations begin on the part of militants (radical Islamists), it will not be easy to abruptly close such a "hole". And the probability that they will come ... with their "caliphate" is very high ...
    And who will block? Tajiks? Rather, they will trample in crowds to Russia than to the border!
    Again, Russian "occupants" to protect these ... "brothers" -parasites?
    It’s time it would be tougher to resolve such issues directly related to the interests of Russia, and especially its security.
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 15 October 2013 09: 00 New
      Quote: Sergeant
      It’s time it would be tougher to resolve such issues directly related to the interests of Russia, and especially its security.

      Yes, here is not only the security of Russia, here is its future. After all, nonsense is most widely spread among young people! How many addicts will work? Will there be many of them in the army? How many sick children will be born?
      1. POCC
        POCC 16 October 2013 22: 22 New
        The future is right. Only our Russian government is also in the share. And the simple offer of street vendors to wet the place on the spot. Not according to the law, but we ourselves will stop drug trafficking. And we have to take up our fucking government for a long time
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. ale-x
    ale-x 15 October 2013 08: 54 New
    I, too, am inclined to think that the Russian weapons will be sold, lost, recaptured from the authorities by the Taliban, in short, pro @ ban. Not to mention the fact that we can not see the money - everything is free. We are not investing there. IMHO.
  11. svskor80
    svskor80 15 October 2013 09: 08 New
    It is necessary to control all movements from Tajikistan to Russia and vice versa. And it’s tough, it’s even possible to equip the real border with the Tajiks. Something needs to be done with drugs. Addicts are everywhere everywhere.
  12. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 15 October 2013 09: 57 New
    Any good undertaking of Russia is completely crossed out by such a hackneyed phenomenon as corruption, and drugs, drugs are money, and BIG MONEY, everything has been debugged there for a long time and no actions of the authorities will help. Moreover, I’m talking about the Russian side and nothing to say about the Tajik there everything is bought, sold and bought again.
  13. Dromac
    Dromac 15 October 2013 10: 05 New
    our border guards must be linked to Tajik migrants. There are no our border guards - it means your labor migrants pose a threat
  14. vlad0
    vlad0 15 October 2013 10: 17 New
    Our border guards are not needed in Tajikistan, that is not why they expelled them in 2004-2005. Now drug trafficking is the business of the Rakhmonov elite. And they hardly want it to be blocked by our border guards. But all the technical assistance does not reach the border, it is divided and taken away back in Dushanbe. The border with Afghanistan itself is a very dubious and illusory concept. Its caravans pass regularly along the established routes. And those rare clashes with Tajik border guards are the result of "inconsistency", when they were simply not warned in time to take off their outfits. So our desire to solve this problem on distant frontiers remotely through the supply of weapons, equipment and equipment there is doomed to failure in advance. Either there we need to take full protection of the border ourselves, from Murghab to Shaartuz, or block the border with Kazakhstan (as an option, the Kazakh-Uzbek border), sharply reduce the Gaster from Tajikistan and introduce a visa regime with them. The rest is just demagoguery, making political deviants and cutting the dough.
  15. Vasily Ivanov
    Vasily Ivanov 15 October 2013 12: 14 New
    "A whole series of materials and comments of experts appeared in the Tajik media, proving that the republic is quite able to cope with the protection of the border on its own" it looks like this_ a gang of completely unaware "specialists" comes and generals walk around the outpost shouting - why there is no day ? Where is the guard at the outpost?))) And the Tajik border guards themselves are a local army of the 17th century, each Tajik has relatives on the other side of the border, to whom he helps to carry drugs. and Russian border guards will actually work ... but who needs it?
  16. mithridate
    mithridate 15 October 2013 12: 15 New
    it is impossible to fight drug addiction when corruption is so high. This fight is likened to the fight against windmills.
  17. ed65b
    ed65b 15 October 2013 12: 25 New
    Vlad basically said everything. hi
  18. rudolff
    rudolff 15 October 2013 15: 08 New
    If the figure of 100 annual drug victims is correct, it looks like genocide and extermination of the population. No Eurasian integration is worth it. Mr. Putin played too much. He so wants to go down in history as a collector of the lands of the former Soviet republics that he is ready to sacrifice his own people. It is not necessary to send our border guards to Tajikistan, but to equip our own full-fledged border with all of Central Asia and introduce a reinforced concrete visa regime! And forget for the near future about the expansion of the customs union due to "black holes" like Tajikistan or Kyrgyzstan. There is nothing to keep the 000st base there either. Its only purpose is to rescue the regime allegedly loyal to us in the event of an aggravation of the situation. Tajikistan will sooner or later be devoured by the Uzbeks, I hope the Kazakhs will deal with Kyrgyzstan.
  19. vlad.svargin
    vlad.svargin 15 October 2013 15: 21 New
    The political elite of the Central Asian countries is a kind of social pyramid headed by a strong personality. This person protects his system, which protects his material interests. In the East, the one who pays is simply weak, he is dependent. Nourishing the threat for those who pay, for example from Afghanistan (terrorism, drug trafficking), you can receive materially for a long time from the United States, and from the West, and from Russia, and from China. The elite does not think about the consequences, the main thing is now a source of "profit" and therefore the borders are transparent and the laws of countering these threats are weak.

    "... it's easy to build a kind of" second echelon "of security inside Tajikistan. After all, the border guarded by Tajik structures is actually transparent - especially in the Kalai-Khumb direction. It is regularly crossed not even by individuals, but by groups of ten to twenty people. And in the summer of 2009, through a group of one hundred people, led by Mullah Abdullah (he was later killed during a clash in the deep regions of Tajikistan), calmly passed through it. (Member of the State Duma Committee on International Affairs Semyon Bagdasarov)

    if the Tajik leadership does not give the go-ahead for the deployment of the CSTO CSTO in Gorny Badakhshan,
    To do this, we must first of all agree with Kazakhstan on a joint fight against drug trafficking and terrorism and involve Kyrgyzstan in this fight. If the Tajik side does not agree, then we close the border with Tajikistan, set up joint Russian-Kyrgyz-Kazakh posts on it to prevent drug trafficking and deport from Russia up to a million illegal Tajik immigrants. The Tajik economy is very dependent on them. Before the crisis, they sent home about two billion dollars annually. And even in the first nine months of the crisis of 2009, these immigrants were able to send more than $ 650 million to Tajikistan (for comparison: in 2008, the entire state budget of Tajikistan did not exceed $ 1 billion. - “Expert”). And this money in Tajikistan is taken for granted - including due to the fact that our government does not use this as a leverage. (Member of the State Duma Committee on International Affairs Semyon Baghdasarov)
  20. deman73
    deman73 15 October 2013 16: 57 New
    First of all, it is necessary to strengthen our border and adopt strict legislation in terms of the state border and migration, that's all
  21. razved
    razved 15 October 2013 17: 56 New
    From the Afghan gerychavse, the Tajik leadership is being fed (and very boldly), therefore, they don’t chill. so that our border guards again stand up.
  22. patriot2
    patriot2 15 October 2013 18: 00 New
    I can quote myself:

    patriot2 RU October 9, 2013 19:47 | Afghanistan and Central Asia: challenges after 2014 and Russia's interests - report

    It is necessary to keep the borders of the customs union locked, as it was during the USSR: thorns, towers, checkpoints, track lines, patrols. And it would be nice to keep mixed l / line of outposts (such as: Russia + Kazakhstan). And now anything in either direction is being sacked. Yes, and migration waves must be kept under more stringent control.
  23. nnz226
    nnz226 15 October 2013 22: 13 New
    Yeah! Tajiks are guarding the border! They became wild after the collapse of the USSR, they do not know the Russian language, they are corrupt to such an extent that it is disgusting. Poor until blue in the face. Any smuggler or mujahideen leader will give them a couple of tens of thousands of dollars, and "Welcome to Tajikistan!" Recall how our Russian renegades in the ranks of the Russian army in the 1st Chechen army were sold and sold their comrades, for green portraits of US presidents received from militants as "independent" corrupt journalists, and "human rights activists" who sold themselves back in the USSR, poured mud on the soldiers and officers ... and here ... laughing. And the CSTO secretary either hovers in the empire, or ... a question ...
    1. POCC
      POCC 16 October 2013 22: 28 New
      You're right. Just a word of honor for such a relic of the past. You need to put them into fertilizer