On June 14, 2013, the State Duma held a meeting of the "round table" of the Communist Party faction on the topic "The state of combat readiness of the Ground Forces of the Russian Federation." In the opinion of the former chief of the Main Directorate of the Ground Forces, who delivered the keynote speech, the unique historical the ability to make cardinal adjustments to the military system.
Any change, any attempt to increase the combat capability of the Armed Forces will always rest on the problems of increasing their number and extending their service life.
If you have the slightest desire to change the management structure, revive the high command departments of the Armed Forces, increase the number of military districts, create some kind of independent inspection or headquarters of combat training in the form in which it was, we will always stumble upon this fence, since the new ministry accepted the number million for granted. Therefore, we have the Ground Forces of 395 thousand in number, at which any opportunity to accumulate the prepared mobilization resources is lost. At the same time all the time trying to increase the proportion of contractors. But as soon as the number of contract employees is brought to 50 – 60 percent, our mobilization work will be ruined.
Every six months, 50 percent personnel changes. We finished a single training - you need to go to the elements of combat coordination in the composition of the units: crew, platoon, company, battalion, brigade, and everyone left. Found a loophole - to increase the number of contractors. But every year exactly as many contract servicemen run away from the army as they come.
No conditions have been created to interest servicemen for contract service. Is it possible for a family man to exist on 30 thousands? Why do Americans have 11 people for one vacancy? Because there the contractor serves to accumulate start-up capital for later life.
We have a contractor receives 30 thousand rubles and eats them all. He will leave the army, having lost his health, he will not acquire any profession "in the civilian world" and no one will need him at all.
The situation is no better with the sergeant staff. Determined the number of officers - 15 percent, which corresponds to the American system. But they have an average of five to six sergeants for each officer, who are prepared no worse than the officers. The American sergeant is provided with a service growth. Moreover, at each intermediate stage of formation in a new position, he takes a training course for six to eight weeks. In our country, Makarov invented the month of 34 to teach the sergeant that he would receive almost officer education and then his whole adult life would be a castle platoon - no more. Yes, he will hang himself after three years in this position and will never serve there.
We copy everything from Americans in a perverted form, including operational-strategic command. Of the six American operational-strategic commands, four are outside the national territory. In Germany, South Korea, the Hawaiian Islands and Japan, the Americans use ready-made groups of troops that supply them with the commanders of the armed forces. They deal only with the application. For the training of troops, their support - for all the main commands are responsible. No one will ever strike any blows across the territory of America, no one - this is the geopolitical position of the Americans. We, on our land, have the only task - to protect the territorial integrity of our country.
Creating groups of troops ahead of time, predict the military-political situation, determine where the threat to peace comes from. And pre-empt, create groups of troops in these areas and the control system.
But all the time we are starting to form a management system when the roast rooster bites, instead of working on it in good time in peacetime. In the enforcement period, she should no longer undergo any adjustments. As soon as the movements begin, changes in command posts, controls, structure, control is lost one hundred percent.
Why disgrace the president?
In February, Tsalikov, Deputy Minister of Defense, said that this year they will fully pay off the arrears on apartments. He recently announced quite different numbers. The problem of providing housing for military personnel will never be solved until the state is connected to this. Why was it solved in the Soviet Union? Because 10 percent of the construction complex, no matter what department was built, was given to servicemen. And the timing was completely different.
Initiatives other than populist, ended. Students must serve - this is such nonsense. In the short term, we are still waiting for stagnation, the same as it was under Serdyukov. We will tread on the ground, come up with different ideas that slightly brighten the reality and calm the average person. For example, came up with a system of checks. The media is simply ecstatic. A sudden rise in alarm, a withdrawal to a new, unplanned area, and so on — all this is really an effective way to check the state of combat readiness of the Armed Forces, everything was practiced in the Soviet period. But you need to prepare for this in advance, a large team should time out the actions of subordinates, and then generalize and study everything, and not just raise an alarm.
This method of verification in this form is not so much effective as it is convenient for management to manipulate public opinion. What a response: the president raised in alarm some kind of anti-aircraft missile brigade of the Space Forces and airplanes. And they show a company or a battery, shouting: “Anxiety, anxiety!”. What anxiety? Anxiety is announced only when some degree of alertness is introduced, when there is a military danger. For this degree of readiness, a number of specific activities are performed. And here we have seen what picture? Soldiers ran out weapon not allowed. Then they were built by some officer who, like a piano in the bushes, “accidentally” turned up there and commanded: “To the right. Readiness number 1. " The philistine is delighted. But we have 20 – 30 millions of military personnel who served in the army. Why do they disgrace the president?
Recently, the media admired our aviation: we have, they say, a fifth-generation fighter. Yes, even the tenth. It seems that if the fighter makes a cobra or a candle, it will be nice to spin around the enemy aircraft. War in the air has long been waged outside the zone of contact with each other. And we have both missiles and guidance systems that are worthless. With GLONASS we have been suffering for 20 years. Where do we get the guidance system from? Nobody talks about this, and it seems that everything is fine and we are again a cut above all, as in football.
General Staff taxis troops
The General Staff categorically does not want to abandon the daily leadership of the troops. Its main task is to develop plans for the use of the Armed Forces plus mobilization work. But the General Staff is constantly striving to steer troops, is engaged in functions and tasks unrelated to it: form, parades, discipline ... Having taken away all the regulatory functions from the Supreme Command of the Armed Forces, the General Staff will fill everything up, because it was not created for this purpose.
In all civilized countries, the High Command are engaged in the construction and development of their own kind of armed forces. And if something new happened in military science, if the form and property of military operations change, changes are made in the organizational structure. New types of weapons and military equipment appear - new states are introduced.
For example, in the Main Command of the Ground Forces there should be a third institute that examines the armament system and every year presents conclusions about what needs to be ordered in industry.
The MLRS "Hyacinth", "Smerch" can hit the enemy at a distance of up to 70 kilometers, and means of intelligence can be seen in the mountains for one to three kilometers, on level ground - to 10 kilometers. 60 kilometers, the launch of which accounts for the greatest funds, are not implemented.
The system is unbalanced completely. The task of the commander in chief is to achieve this balance. If the commander in chief cannot influence the allocation of budget allocations, we will always have an unbalanced weapon system of any type of aircraft. Industrialists are interested in producing means of destruction. It is expensive, profitable and easy. Industry never takes on the control system of intelligence and radar combat, since these are high-tech areas. We have a paradoxical situation, when the commanders of the district forces are not subordinate to the commanders of the Armed Forces. They do not affect the state of affairs in the troops, the budget, the formation of state defense orders, the development of weapons and military equipment. Developers submit to people who do not bear any responsibility.
The structure of the Armed Forces should be a specific person who is responsible for the state of this type of Armed Forces and is engaged in their construction, development and training. And let the General Staff be engaged in the use of groups.
My country is wide
On the vast territory there are four military districts. Under these conditions it is impossible to solve the whole range of tasks in a particular period in a particular period. If the district commander had transferred one brigade from the Far East to the west, he would be convinced that there is no rolling stock, that the railway in the form in which it is located is not capable of anything, and the VOSO service will not provide rolling stock, because its eliminated. And we will never manage without inter-theater transfers, because we have practically no forces and means left and we need to move all the time.
The 29 Army is stationed in Chita, it has one brigade per 3000 kilometers of front. The Chinese will never find it. Two wars need to be finished to at least face it.
At a minimum, it is necessary to restore the Siberian and Moscow military districts. Wars have always come to us from the west. How not to have a governing body, a full-fledged front-line troops? Someone came up with a clever idea: why are they in each district? Let them be in directions. There are four strategic directions in the west: the northwest, the west, the southwest, and the south. Where should the brigade commander act? What exercises should it be? Yes, he is crazy about such a service.
We had six districts and in each - front-line unification. For the front of the union is characterized by the presence of the front complex of the armed forces, special forces. These are one or two missile brigades, one or two artillery brigades, or even divisions. In the Turkestan district, we had two artillery divisions, now this is nothing. The technical support system was eliminated. It is not known who will deal with the restoration of military equipment and weapons. As such, it simply does not exist.
Our country, so large and large, does not have a backup component. Formally, we have seven bases for storage and repair of equipment, which allegedly will be deployed for wartime by an additional seven brigades. But no one takes into account the mobilization resources. Cut the military department in universities, dried up the flow of reserve officers. No basic investment deployment. Where, where to get weapons?
In the Soviet Union, we kept ammunition for three months of war in the troops and in stocks, because we knew that in three months the industry, according to mobilization plans, would fully switch to the plans for the current year.
Recruitment offices destroyed. We have today 83 military commissar. In all regions of the Federation, the military commissar was the head of the territorial defense zone. In some subjects it was the only military official. Now all military commissars civil. Who will be engaged in territorial defense? Who will put under the gun? Who is putting these units together?
And finally, on issues of social protection. All this talk that everyone is happy and that pensions for military retirees have been increased several times is heresy. The pension of the colonel with 20-year service - 15 thousand rubles. Lt. Col. - about 12 thousands. Major - 7 thousand rubles. An officer who serves in the army thinks all the time that when he retires he will become poor, naked, naked, without medical care, and it’s not known where to live. Nobody needed and abandoned.
I often have to meet with veterans in parts. They come untidy, toothless, uncut, in shabby uniforms. Better anti-advertising can not imagine. The officer looks at them and sees what his prospect is, what a bright future awaits him.
An officer after military service cannot be in such a forgotten, abandoned state, without an apartment, without housing. This undermines the very foundation of military service. Therefore, no one wants to serve.