Military Review

And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not grasped it. Interview with Nobel laureate and outstanding Soviet scientist Zhores Alferov

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And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not grasped it. Interview with Nobel laureate and outstanding Soviet scientist Zhores Alferov



Interview with the Nobel laureate and the outstanding Soviet scientist Zhores Alferov. Although he did not become the new head of the Russian Academy of Sciences, as many would like, he still remains one of the most prominent Russian scientists, whose voice has weight.

Zhores Alferov: Do not forget that Soviet science gave the world the best breakthrough technologies of the twentieth century


Yekaterinburg today visited the Nobel laureate Zhores Alferov. A world-famous scientist who received the most prestigious award for breakthrough developments of 1960-s held a “pre-election” press conference and gave a lecture to students and staff of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences about the role that Soviet science played in the development of technologies of the second half of the last century, and also about the prospects of modern science. The Ural colleagues met the Vice-President of the Russian Academy of Sciences warmly, and his speech was held to the sound of applause. At the end of the meeting, the academician was presented with a souvenir medal and an album of the laureates of the Demidov Prize, which Alferov received a year before the Nobel Prize - in 1999. The most interesting statements of the legendary scientist about the technologies of the last century, Soviet science, about Skolkovo and his plans for the post of the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences are in the eve of Nakanune.RU.

On the conflict with Livanov

Dmitry Livanov came to me in his time and offered to head the scientific council at the ministry. After a brief reflection, I agreed. Because I thought that this post will allow to influence some issues related to the development of science. Later I learned that this advice would not be scientific, but public. In addition, half of it will be elected by voting on the Internet. And the second half will be appointed by the minister himself. There were some rather strange personalities, even Tina Kandelaki. Nevertheless, I was able to push several people into the council whom I considered necessary, and decided that it would be possible to work. In his work, Livanov spoke the right words, including the support of the RAS. However, one day I was sitting in a hospital procedure and heard with a twist of my ear that Dmitry Livanov said something, and then in the evening I saw on television in the tape, as the minister said that the Academy of Sciences was an outdated, useless, reforming organization. and similar things. I could not sleep for a long time, I woke up in the morning, at about five in the morning, and immediately wrote a letter that was posted on the website of my institute and sent to the press. Livanov on that day was in St. Petersburg. And I personally told him about my decision that I cannot work in the council under the minister, who allows himself such statements. Generally speaking, if I were in his place, I would have resigned myself after such words.

About the prospects of Skolkovo

I was invited to head the Skolkovo Scientific Council, because they had no choice. It was decided that the co-chairs of the council should be the Nobel Prize laureates, and I am the only laureate living in Russia, so the choice fell on me. I offered to co-chair Roger Kornberg, who won the chemistry award in 2006 year. I was familiar with him for several years. We did not clash with him and convened the composition of the council, which on 40% consisted of foreign scientists - Americans, Germans and one Frenchman. All of them are deeply respectful of Russian science. The rest are the best Russian scientists. Already at the first meeting, we raised the question that Skoltech should not be based on MIT, voted against the 4 times, but we changed the status to "scientific advisory", that is, our decisions are advisory in nature, they are not binding. However, now, when all these processes began, the scandals around Skolkovo seemed to support our proposal to make Skoltech on the basis of Novosibirsk University and a number of other universities. Little, but this is our victory.

I don’t get tired to say one more thing, I said that even at the meeting, which was then attended by President Medvedev. I say that Skolkovo is not a territory, rather nasty, by the way, but an ideology. This ideology needs to be extended to our science cities, the Novosibirsk Academgorodok, Sarov, Dubna and many others. Skolkovo should not become an offshore territory, in which huge sums are lost, where there are certain benefits for some organizations and people. Skolkovo should be the ideology of the development of interdisciplinary breakthrough research. I hope that the processes that started around him will make Skolkovo work more clearly and in the right direction, including interacting with the RAS.

A look into the past: atomic weapon and energy, Oppenheimer vs. Kurchatov

I believe that the two most breakthrough projects of the last century were the US Manhattan project and the creation of the Soviet atomic bomb. The personnel question for Americans was decided by Adolf Hitler, because this was done by leading scientists who emigrated from Europe. The personnel problem of the Soviet atomic project was solved by Abram Ioffe, because the personnel project was developed, created, developed by his students - Kurchatov, Zeldovich, Khariton and many others.

This topic began to be developed as early as the beginning of the 20 century, the German scientist Otto Gan at the end of the 1930-s began to explore the phenomenon of uranium fission, for which he subsequently received the Nobel Prize. However, the further development of the theory of chain reactions produced two pairs of scientists. German Jewish scholars Otto Frisch and Rudolf Peierls were forced to emigrate from Germany, Peierls taught at one time in Kharkov, then went to London and became sir there. So, Frish and Peierls were the first to do a critical mass study in 1940. At about the same time, similar work in the USSR was carried out by Yakov Zeldovich and Yuli Khariton. Both pairs of scientists wrote articles on this, which became the basis for the creation of atomic weapons.

As for the weapon, Enrico Fermi played a big role in this. The first nuclear reactor in Chicago was made. Robert Oppenheimer supervised all this work, and Igor Kurchatov led our works. I think that it was a great happiness for our country that Kurchatov turned out to be the scientific leader of this work. In the 1932 year, he headed the laboratory and by the middle of the 30-s became one of the recognized authorities. In 1936, Joffe's report was subjected to sharp and harsh criticism for the fact that his institute was developing no-one needed, having no practical application of nuclear physics research. I think that subsequent events, military and post-war, showed how unfair this assessment was, and the 1936 assessment of the year could lead to very sad consequences. Kurchatov headed this direction in the 1942 year, and by his order a "laboratory number XXUMX" was formed, which later changed several names and eventually became the Kurchatov Institute.

"Russia makes itself"

The next step was the hydrogen bomb. If the first bomb in 1951 was made on the basis of the plutonium bomb - "Fat Man", then the second was ours, and it was twice as superior to its American counterparts in power. Interestingly, all these products were called "RDS". The first atomic bomb is RDS-1, the first hydrogen bomb is RDS-6, and this abbreviation is deciphered as "Russia makes itself." The first American hydrogen bomb, the size of a two-story house, was non-transportable, with a capacity of 10 megatons. The principle of radiation implosion, which was used there, was proposed by the Polish scientist Stanislav Ulam and developed by Edward Teller. And the principle that makes the bomb transportable was proposed by Vitaly Ginzburg. And the practical task of obtaining the Li-6 isotopes necessary for this was realized by Boris Konstantinov. Sakharov made his "puff." And the consequences of this were enormous - there was a potential for the development of nuclear fleet, including underwater and icebreaking, its creator was Anatoly Alexandrov. In addition, nuclear energy appeared.

In many respects, all this work was driven by the events in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, because it was obvious to the political leadership of the country that we could lose all the results of the Second World War if we keep the monopoly of atomic weapons behind the Americans. This task was solved.

Soviet atomic bomb: intelligence to do with it?

Intelligence played its positive role, but I want to cite here such an interesting fact. In 1942, the UK was the leader in atomic weapons. Work there has progressed much further than the Manhattan project that started, but it was agreed that all British scientists should move to the USA with all their equipment and all their staff. In the 1946 year, after the successful atomic bomb test, the Americans returned all British scientists to the UK, because they were no longer needed, and the British did not get anything. In 1947, the British government adopted a resolution on a wide spread of work on the creation of the British atomic bomb. The British tested their first atomic bomb in 1952 year - in 5 years. British scientists participated in all areas of work on the creation of atomic weapons and had a full range of secrets, much more than they could tell us.

And we started working in 1945, and we already experienced 1949 - through 4. Therefore, it is clear that the decisive role was played by non-intelligence. Truman revealed the biggest secret to Stalin at the Potsdam Conference when he informed him of the successful trials. And once the trials are successful, the rest is new business. The problem was solved, but it is important that not only the nuclear power industry developed, at this time the development of many other areas was laid - computer technology, despite the official attitude to cybernetics, radio electronics and radar, space technologies. At the same time, by the way, the highest salary of research workers was in 1946, when a professor at our Institute of Physics and Technology had an official salary of 8 thousand rubles, and an assistant professor - 6 thousand 200.

"Fathers" reactive aviation

In this area we have done quite a lot more before the war. The basic principles were described by Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, and later 10-15 years after him - Herman Obert. The first rocket plane in the world made its first flight back in 1940. The logical development of this project was the development of jet engines. In this regard, I would like to mention three outstanding people - our designers Andrey Tupolev, Sergey Ilyushin and German Willy Messerschmidt. In 1942, Messerschmidt made the world's first fighter jet, the Me-262 bomber, which was launched into mass production and took part in battles. But the Soviet jet school made a huge contribution to the development of world aviation. And I would like to say separately about the two machines. Tu-104 - the first jet passenger aircraft. Let's not forget that jet passenger aircraft began in our country. IL-86 - a completely unique passenger aircraft. History it differs from all others in that the IL-86 has not had a single accident. It is the safest passenger jet aircraft ever created in the world. And if today we are in a sad state, let us not forget that the Soviet scientific and design school has given us.

Korolev and the Nobel Prize

The founders of the missiles - Werner von Braun and Sergey Korolev - this is recognized worldwide. Everyone knows the story of the V-2 and the Soviet P-7, with which the first Soviet satellite was launched. But I wanted to say no more about that. Not many people know that in the 1965-66 year, the Nobel Committee on Physics made a decision, despite the fact that our work for manned space flight was carried out in a closed manner, they invited our Nobel laureates to submit materials with the names of the names and what they did, said they are ready to consider this question. And I think that if Sergey Korolev had not died at the beginning of 1966, both Korolev and Keldysh and Valentin Glushko would have been among the Nobel Prize winners.

What is the price of Russian space solar energy?

In fact, solar energy began with the first flight. It became obvious that in this area it is the transformation of solar energy that makes it possible to solve the problem of energy. In 1970's, we already actively used solar batteries, including on military satellites, at this time the first articles on this topic only began to appear in the USA. At the station "World" was installed 70 square. m silicon batteries. At the beginning of 1990's, I asked the then head of Roscosmos $ 5 million needed to purchase several machines needed for the industrial production of solar panels. However, there was no such money. As a result, we still buy solar batteries in the West even for our own needs. At the same time, their efficiency is not very high - just above 30%. We have lost world leadership and rolled back from world records, which we set earlier. Namely, such tasks should be set by science, and the state should support it in this.

About the current state of the RAS

Last 20 years we lived in a state of survival. Maybe it was not bad, but now you need to finish with this practice. We need a development strategy. At the beginning of 1990, funding for the Academy of Sciences was reduced by 15-20 times. Under Putin, the situation improved somewhat, but only slightly. Now about 90% of the budget of the RAS is spent on salaries and payments to employees. It turns out that the money of the Academy of Sciences is spent on salaries and utility bills. In order to engage in real research, identify promising areas, the budget must be at least three times higher.

The country's president brilliantly formulated the immediate task of the state’s economy when he said that it was necessary to create 2020 millions of jobs before the 25 year. It must be created places in the high-tech sector. I believe that this is a task that should be set not only for business and industry, but also for academies of sciences and education.

Watch this video in higher resolution.

When we launched the satellite, Eisenhower and Kennedy said that the Russians won the space race not at the missile range, but at the school desk. When I lectured at an American university in 1970, I was struck by the extremely low level of American students in the 1-2 courses. Now, when I hear the answers of some students in the exam, I'm already amazed in the other direction.

Peter I, by his decree, created the Academy of Sciences, in which academicians taught university students, and students taught in the gymnasium, that is, the Academy of Sciences was closely connected with education. And now, in no case can one oppose universities and the Academy of Sciences, as proposals are being made to transfer science to universities, and make the Academy an elite professorial club. On the contrary, it is necessary to engage in education, in which specialists will be formed who are knowledgeable not only in mathematics, but also in physics, biology, medicine, etc. In addition, it is necessary to issue a federal law in which it will be stated that the RAS is the main scientific body of the country.

But the main problem of the RAS and science in general is that science is not in demand by industry, the state. The most important task is to make it relevant and it is necessary to do it in the coming years. Only in this way will it be possible to achieve a breakthrough in technology, develop our own high-tech economy and achieve not only economic, but also social progress.
Originator:
http://www.warandpeace.ru/ru/reports/view/80054/
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  1. Canep
    Canep 19 May 2013 07: 40 New
    25
    Science needs to be raised, otherwise lawyers, economists and programmers have been bred.
    1. esaul
      esaul 19 May 2013 08: 17 New
      18
      Quote: Canep
      Science needs to be raised

      Everyone is talking about this. I hope that they will start to do something. I really hope that Alferov will become President of the RAS. The man is extremely worthy and, once put forward. his candidacy, then there is a desire, there are plans. Let’s see what will happen next to us with fundamental science under the leadership, if not his choice. Our RAS is a constantly ill genius child who is constantly at risk of his health due to the exorbitant human ambitions of individual members of the RAS. So there was a scandal with fake dissertations. And where is the guarantee that the same students do not weave intrigue on the sidelines of the Academy now? Alferov is a man who knows the Russian Academy of Sciences, like the back of his hand and knows what is necessary for our science and why we need this science. Health to him for many long years, for the good of the country.
      1. fatty
        fatty 19 May 2013 08: 35 New
        +5
        Yesaul, Zhores Ivanovich, a worthy person in all respects, but he probably will not be elected.
        1. esaul
          esaul 19 May 2013 08: 37 New
          +3
          Quote: fatty
          Yesaul, Zhores Ivanovich, a worthy person in all respects, but he probably will not be elected.

          It is possible - you are right ... Sorry, of course.
        2. xetai9977
          xetai9977 19 May 2013 09: 06 New
          12
          The future of any self-respecting country depends on the level of education and science. Science is the locomotive that will pull the economy. And people like Alferov should be worn in their arms !!
          1. vezunchik
            vezunchik 19 May 2013 12: 41 New
            +5
            And who will carry it on hand - Edrosses or what? He is a communist!
            1. xetai9977
              xetai9977 19 May 2013 16: 17 New
              +5
              First of all, he is a SCIENTIST !!! And whoever divides compatriots-scientists into friends and foes is a wrecker and an enemy!
            2. Jurkovs
              Jurkovs 20 May 2013 07: 22 New
              0
              Alferov is not a member of the Communist Party, but he passed the list of Communists in the Duma. If he is elected as the Head Academician, he will have to surrender the deputy’s mandate and Alferov will be ideologically neutral.
        3. Suhov
          Suhov 19 May 2013 10: 43 New
          +9
          Quote: fatty
          Yesaul, Zhores Ivanovich, a worthy man in all respects, but he’s probably not elected

          If Alferov cannot be elected President of the Russian Academy of Sciences (due to age),
          then he (Alferov) should appoint him (President of the RAS).
          In such an important matter, the main result and not the presence of signs of democracy.
          1. Vadivak
            Vadivak 19 May 2013 21: 48 New
            +3
            Quote: Sukhov
            In such an important matter, the main result


            Sergei, you are against the Jews, somehow it does not fit ...
            1. Suhov
              Suhov 20 May 2013 12: 25 New
              0
              Quote: Vadivak
              Sergey, you are against the Jewssomehow does not fit ....

              Incorrect opinion.
              I was born in the Soviet Union and this circumstance left a definite imprint: I respect all nations with respect!
              If I know a person personally, then my attitude towards him is built regardless of his nationality.
              hi
        4. aksakal
          aksakal 19 May 2013 14: 44 New
          +9
          Quote: fatty
          Zhores Ivanovich

          - Sorry, this is a worthy person and deserves the right to write his name and title and surname with a capital letter. you can write Chubais with a little one, but Zhores Ivanovich - you understand
        5. Egoza
          Egoza 19 May 2013 18: 11 New
          +3
          Quote: fatty
          , but he’s probably not elected.

          By the way, B.E. Paton was born in 1918! And yet he is the head of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. So if "scientists have enough brains" laughing they will elect.
          1. yak69
            yak69 19 May 2013 19: 17 New
            +2
            Quote: Egoza
            B.E. Paton was born in 1918! Nevertheless, he leads the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences

            It is bitter to think about it, BUT, there in the Ukraine, those who have attached themselves to the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences are looking forward to his death! After all, on the South Coast there is the village of Katsiveli, right behind Simeiz (a beautiful place!), Where the Hydrographic Institute is located on a huge territory. Many facilities and laboratories of this famous institute are abandoned, and the piece of land is HUGE! And now, these ghouls are waiting for when it will be possible to derban him. Paton once said, "As long as I live, the institute will work."
            When such giants as Alferov, Paton leave, what will happen to R and U AN and its property ?! It’s scary to even think.
            Here is such sad news ...

            Lord, extend the lives of these worthy people! Health to them and strength for work!
            Low bow.
            1. VADIMKRSK
              VADIMKRSK 20 May 2013 17: 46 New
              0
              Is Paton alive? This is the guard! I didn’t know, sorry, a low bow to him! Excuse me, did he like to do welding?
      2. Che
        Che 19 May 2013 09: 24 New
        12
        Esaul.
        Oh, we would have had more in Russia such as Alferov, patriots and clever women.
        The Novosibirsk science city in the USSR was created, that’s where it would be necessary to pump in money, otherwise Skolkovo, Skolkovo ...
        1. ziqzaq
          ziqzaq 19 May 2013 11: 07 New
          +6
          Quote: Che
          Novosibirsk science city in the USSR was created

          Novosib, Tomsk, this is the center of real science, and Skolkovo is just a platform for cutting the budget ....
          1. aksakal
            aksakal 19 May 2013 15: 00 New
            +7
            Quote: ziqzaq
            Skolkovo is just a platform for cutting the budget ....

            - Skolkovo is a beautiful and elegant move of the liberals, when, under the guise of creating an analogue of the American "Silicon Valley", not only have they bled Russian traditional science, not allowing the funds allocated by the budget for science to reach it, but these funds are also directed to support the swamp opposition !!! !! Why did Ilya Ponomarev receive as much as $ 750? For a couple of lectures? Very beautiful. Not only did Russian science not get anything (see SABJ), but this money is also used to finance DESTRUCTIVE ANTI-RUSSIAN PROJECTS! Applause, gentlemen!
            Now that this ugly story has surfaced, Surkov has "left" his post, the Skolkovoites are trying to save their tarnished reputation. The oligarch appointed by the head of Skolkovo, I do not remember his last name, from among those chosen by God (show me a warm place where they are not?), He urgently reduces his salary from 2 million to 15 thousand rubles a month. And there is no way to return what was illegally paid for the past months? Or, according to the old ethnic tradition, is it easier to strangle than to return? So we are waiting for self-suppression - such an exit will also suit. They filed a lawsuit against Ponomarev, like, ah, they didn't know that lectures are not so expensive !!! belay
            In general, we ran. I would like to note that from the very beginning Putin for some reason did not support the idea of ​​Skolkovo. When Medvedev started this business, I was indignant that the prime minister (Putin was then prime minister) does not support this undertaking? Just a slight grin. Hence, I guessed about the purpose of creation. And it was imperative to wait until they steal like this and so obviously all this will not come out? Was it impossible to cut and liquidate from the very beginning until the sums were gone? Who will return them now? Ponomarev? Yes, too, would rather strangle himself and serve than return. Let Putin now handle this business. In the near future I am waiting for the verdict on the closure of the Skolkovo project, and I am also waiting for the verdict on the closure of the Rusnano project - also that same gadyushnik-raspberry thief.
      3. S_mirnov
        S_mirnov 19 May 2013 09: 42 New
        +8
        "Everyone is talking about this. I hope they will start doing something." And whatever you start to do, everything will run into a corrupt vertical of power! You can't get away from this, no matter what you promote, science, production, education.
        Therefore, either we her - or she us! Coexist with corruption of power in a shaky stability does not work! And the sooner this reaches every citizen of Russia, the less blood will be shed.
        1. Horde
          Horde 19 May 2013 10: 32 New
          +7
          Greetings to Alexander!

          what is "skolkovo"? can you at least see what Medvedev has done there? what kind of innovation? looked in in Google, but there is only chatter. Or maybe once again the country will have such a "Skolkovo" and Russia will no longer stand it?
          1. bask
            bask 19 May 2013 11: 00 New
            +9
            Quote: Horde
            what is "skolkovo"? you can at least see what Medvedev did there

            Hi Horde. hi How old, how many winters? What was the overseas?
            Quote: Horde
            bottom of the chatter. Or maybe once again the country will have such a "Skolkovo" and Russia will no longer stand it?

            And, what do you want. The curators are all like the selection of liberals-shit !!! They would have something to sleep ... and sawed.
            And nobody thinks science there.
            1. Horde
              Horde 19 May 2013 11: 47 New
              +6
              Hi Andrew!
              no, I didn’t leave anywhere, I just noticed that after some protracted bickering-wrangling, there needs to be a respite-rehabilitation, but these are trifles-psychology.
              As for Skolkova, well, yes, it is a SYSTEM for SELECTING BABL from the state budget with constant media coverage, chatting that everything is good when everything has been bad for a long time, so the topic is CLOSED. Developed by the people of Medvedev, he also has from this PTI-SHVO, the main GRAND PIECE. laughing Okay, zhurnalyugi have such a job, but Zhores Ivanovich is a figure in science, but somehow in this article I did not get an answer from him.
              1. bask
                bask 19 May 2013 12: 06 New
                +4
                Quote: Horde
                e, I didn’t leave anywhere, I just noticed that after some protracted brawl-fights

                Yes, you’re right, Pavel. And I need to arrange the front ones.
                Quote: Horde
                Ivanovich is a figure in science, but somehow in this article I did not get an answer from him.

                Zhores Ivanovich leads the institute. He is responsible for the team. Probably, he cannot write everything he thinks.
                According to infe, all fractions of the State Duma asked the GDP to remove this mo ... livanov. But no, he does not touch.
                1. Horde
                  Horde 19 May 2013 12: 16 New
                  +3
                  According to infe, all fractions of the State Duma asked the GDP to remove this mo ... livanov. But no, he does not touch.


                  it’s simply IMPOSSIBLE because through Lebanon the main action is performed for the sake of which the whole performance was launched, the BACK OUTflow of the dough from Skolkovo to the accounts of the project managers, and you say to take it off, then everything will collapse and the worst thing, because they can really invent something, invent it, then mess with them.
              2. Che
                Che 19 May 2013 22: 18 New
                +2
                Horde.
                From Alferov, we do not need to wait for an answer on this topic. Such people are not allowed to dough. A man is engaged in science, his favorite business. Honor and respect for his work for the good of the motherland. And crooks steal.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Megavolt
      Megavolt 19 May 2013 09: 46 New
      +7
      and then spawned lawyers, economists and programmers.

      More precisely: "... they have spawned an ignoramus, with diplomas of lawyers, economists, programmers ..."
    4. Atlon
      Atlon 19 May 2013 10: 58 New
      0
      Quote: Canep
      Science needs to be raised, otherwise lawyers, economists and programmers have been bred.

      I read to the place where Alferov admires foreign scientists and invites them to work, and did not go any further ... It was already in Russia. I think this is useless; you need to look for your Lomonosovs!
      1. sergo0000
        sergo0000 19 May 2013 17: 01 New
        +4
        Quote: Atlon
        Quote: Canep
        Science needs to be raised, otherwise lawyers, economists and programmers have been bred.

        I read to the place where Alferov admires foreign scientists and invites them to work, and did not go any further ... It was already in Russia. I think this is useless; you need to look for your Lomonosovs!


        Greetings to a colleague! hi You correctly noticed about the Lomonosovs! But as for the scientists, I mean the real scientists- wink You are not right.
        In the scientific community, politics is a secondary matter! Yes, and how to develop yourself if you do not read and study the work of other colleagues, including from abroad. He does not admire the country where these scientists came from, but their flight of thought and talent. hi
        Most scientists are creative! And any creator and his work should not know the boundaries. If, of course, there is no war in the yard.
        1. Thunderbolt
          Thunderbolt 19 May 2013 17: 11 New
          +2
          The same Kapitsa learned the mind in the laboratory of Niels Bohr, and nothing good came of it. The scientific thought has no nationality. And Lomonosov, by the way, too.
      2. Che
        Che 19 May 2013 22: 22 New
        +1
        Athlone.
        Your words are true, but do not really chop the ends. Science does not tolerate isolation, exchange is simply necessary for its movement forward.
    5. vezunchik
      vezunchik 19 May 2013 12: 39 New
      +2
      and who will lift? Bandits live by concepts and for them the main loot.
    6. Horde
      Horde 19 May 2013 15: 52 New
      +7
      completely forgot with the holiday PIONERY everyone who remembers and loves.
      1. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt 19 May 2013 19: 12 New
        +4
        Quote: Horde
        Happy PIONERY everyone who remembers and loves.
        There was such a rule: the class was divided into three groups. The first group was accepted into pioneers. I was in the first. A few days before the ceremony, I was knocked down by a strong temperature. request .... I come to class, and there is a third in scarlet (not red, guys, because this is a piece of the communist banner!) Ties. Word, until they accepted, so again Alyoshka did not become laughing It’s ridiculous to recall now, but SOMETHING was sacred to me in this)))))
    7. waisson
      waisson 19 May 2013 19: 13 New
      0
      I agree completely, but I will add more pharmacists hi
    8. Zeus
      Zeus 19 May 2013 21: 29 New
      0
      Why programmers in one arm with lawyers and economists?
  2. krasin
    krasin 19 May 2013 07: 49 New
    22
    Zhores Alferov: Do not forget that Soviet science gave the world the best breakthrough technologies of the twentieth century
    Eisenhower and Kennedy said the Russians won the space race not at the rocket range, but at a school desk. When in 1970 I lectured at one of the American universities, I was struck by the extremely low level of American students of 1-2 courses. Now, when I hear the answers of some students in the exam, I am already amazed in the other direction.
    It is necessary to drive Livanov and Medvedev - they will ruin our science and make us frenzied consumers out of our children. soldier
    1. Was mammoth
      Was mammoth 19 May 2013 09: 19 New
      +7
      Quote: krasin
      Now, when I hear the answers of some students in the exam, I am already amazed in the other direction.

      Further more. Already now they are going to make only six subjects mandatory, the rest are paid.
    2. Horde
      Horde 19 May 2013 12: 06 New
      +4
      It’s necessary to drive Livanov and Medvedev - they will ruin our science and make us big-hearted consumers out of our children


      yes, what are you saying? Are you against public policy? because Medvedev and Livanov are people of the great pu, the one who raped 64% of the people, almost all of you alone are against it.
      1. DEfindER
        DEfindER 19 May 2013 14: 19 New
        +4
        Quote: Horde
        because Medvedev and Livanov are people of the great pu

        Do not exaggerate, all these liberals have big money and big people, and it is not so easy for Putin to get rid of them, although his conflict with Medvedev is already obvious, the truth is limited only to reprimands ..
        1. Horde
          Horde 19 May 2013 14: 35 New
          +3
          Quote: DEfindER
          Quote: Horde
          because Medvedev and Livanov are people of the great pu

          Do not exaggerate, all these liberals have big money and big people, and it is not so easy for Putin to get rid of them, although his conflict with Medvedev is already obvious, the truth is limited only to reprimands ..


          I don’t think that the president has UNLIMITED authority to invite him to Zindan, pinch his eggs, put some kind of chubais in a vice and put it with a hammer; it’s quite possible for Putin and no big money will help Chubais, but Medvedev is Putin’s man, he combed him and advised him great, showed places for feeding, and now the TANDEM is PEDALED, in turn. About the REPRESS in more detail, please.
          1. DEfindER
            DEfindER 19 May 2013 20: 10 New
            +2
            Quote: Horde
            I don’t think that the president has UNLIMITED authority to invite him to Zindan, pinch his eggs, put some kind of chubais in a vice and put it with a hammer; it’s quite possible for Putin and no big money will help Chubais, but Medvedev is Putin’s man, he combed him and advised him great, showed places for feeding, and now the TANDEM is PEDALED, in turn. About the REPRESS in more detail, please.

            What do you think the liberals have no leverage over our power? In the case of Putin’s wrong steps, the Caucasus, swamp walkers will rock, oil prices will fall, the Olympics will be problematic due to the activity of militants .. and much more, or why do you think Serdyukov is free?
            Remember when Medved was a prezik, he used to chastise Putin for his expression of the Crusade to Libya. And more recently, Putin made Kerry wait 3 hours while he was reporting to Medved’s office for failures in fulfilling his decrees.
          2. Che
            Che 19 May 2013 22: 28 New
            +1
            Horde.
            That would be great. But after that, imagine what the horror will begin. Now the world is ruled by LGBT people. This campaign is merciless and ruthless. You need to be careful and act for sure.
  3. boroda652
    boroda652 19 May 2013 08: 31 New
    +8
    krasin RU

    I also want to focus on this particular quote ... And more specifically on the "disaster" of school education due to the introduction of the exam !!! With the introduction of the Unified State Exam, we began to teach "Gypsy fortunetellers" ...
  4. Lone gunman
    Lone gunman 19 May 2013 08: 33 New
    +9
    Alferova in the presidency ... RAS! he knows everything! Livanov and Nara!
  5. pravednik
    pravednik 19 May 2013 08: 35 New
    +9
    Honestly, analyzing the work and many decisions of the current government,
    thoughts creep into my head that either agents of foreign special services "work" in it, in the government (who were given the task of destroying the Russian economy, with its subsequent collapse) or those who do not care about their Motherland, their people and how they live, or rather survive under their leadership.
    1. aksakal
      aksakal 19 May 2013 15: 15 New
      +3
      Quote: pravednik
      agents of foreign special services (who were given the task to ruin the Russian economy, with its subsequent collapse) or those who do not give a damn about their homeland, their people and how they live, or rather survive under their leadership.
      - why not both in one bottle? It is perfectly combined - a bureaucrat who does not give a damn about his homeland and, concurrently, he is not an agent of special services - this is too obvious, they can put him for that, but he is an agent of INFLUENCE of the Amer State Department. It’s almost the same as an agent of foreign intelligence services, the goals and objectives are the same, but it’s practically IMPOSSIBLE to prove something to such an agent of INFLUENCE of the Amer State Department and put him on a bunk. Well, if you get fired after losing confidence.
      Putin's indecision is already starting to annoy. Recently, Chubais accused him of being entangled by CIA agents in the 90s. Chubais ACKNOWLEDGED this, but he justified himself by allegedly not knowing that they were CIA agents. Ignorance does not relieve responsibility, especially since being a great leader in the 90s, Chubais could (it was even his job) break through the KGB, passing to the FSB, who surrounds him and why. He did not. At least criminal negligence, which caused terrible damage to Russia. Putin, where is the landing?
      THE COUNTRY NEEDS LANDING. And the more liberals go there, the better. Free your seats from ordinary criminals, and more for the "creative class" bunks. Revive the 58th article, toughen the sanctions. Return the GULAG and ALGERIA. More precisely, it is easier to occupy a North African country and send wives of representatives of the "creative class" there. wassat
  6. aszzz888
    aszzz888 19 May 2013 08: 40 New
    +5
    RAS is the property of the USSR, Russia.
    And no matter how much the Minister of Education did not want to (I do not even want to call Livanov the Minister, for example, some petty clerk in the rank of deputy head of the district. ONO), the RAS should be. It is not up to him and his ilk to decide the fate of Russian science.
  7. djon3volta
    djon3volta 19 May 2013 08: 53 New
    -20
    I respect Zhores Alferov as a scientist. But I don’t understand what he forgot in the Communist Party of the Russian Federation since 1999? The Communist Party does not have a majority in the Duma, which means that it doesn’t influence the country's policy especially. If Zhores wants to listen to him and make decisions in favor of the country, he needs to become a diplomat of United Russia, and leave the Communist Party. from Zyuganov and the Communist Party there is no sense and will not, the next election will the pseudo-communists from the Communist Party lie 10% will cross the line in the Duma, and who are the Communists going to nominate for president? again Zyuganov or what? laughing clowning, they are clowns and in Africa clowns.
    1. Was mammoth
      Was mammoth 19 May 2013 09: 24 New
      11
      Quote: djon3volta
      clowning, they are clowns and in Africa clowns.

      Zh.Alferov is an honest and principled person. He made his choice and there is no need for him to become a diplomat from United Russia
    2. Che
      Che 19 May 2013 09: 27 New
      +7
      Moreover, there is a party affiliation, an honest and decent person, and he remains with them in Israel.
      1. Was mammoth
        Was mammoth 19 May 2013 10: 03 New
        +8
        Quote: Che
        Moreover, there is a party affiliation, an honest and decent person, and he remains with them in Israel.

        The fact that J. Alferov did not change his principles. Considers himself a communist and does not run around the parties. But Edron, there are no questions, you can get dirty very much.
        1. BARKAS
          BARKAS 19 May 2013 10: 59 New
          +9
          The fact that Alferov did not go along the path of Sakharov only arouses respect.
  8. Semurg
    Semurg 19 May 2013 09: 01 New
    +9
    Strange things. Reforms are the improvement of the existing one, but with us it is the other way around. They undertook to reform the USSR, collapsed, and undertook to reform the collapse economy. Reform of the housing and communal services, science, education, army, medetsina everywhere reforms and everywhere ... Well .... Maybe zhoporuky performers take up the reforms, or maybe on the contrary, very sleevey specialists, depending on which side to look at their reforms?
  9. atos_kin
    atos_kin 19 May 2013 09: 02 New
    +8
    In order for science to develop in the country, not only money is needed, it is necessary to make the heroes of television programs and news not show-people and bandits, but scientists and engineers.
    1. VADIMKRSK
      VADIMKRSK 19 May 2013 12: 25 New
      +1
      Government order. And then on state money they remove nonsense ...
  10. capitosha1rang
    capitosha1rang 19 May 2013 09: 08 New
    13
    For which I sincerely respect Comrade Alferrov - he is not only a brilliant scientist and patriot, but also, of course, a very brave man.
    What about Livanov?
    What is Livanov? It is already obvious to everyone that he, in his place, honestly fulfills his duty, known to him alone, well, maybe he knows a dozen more villains who hated Russia and all Russian duty.
  11. My address
    My address 19 May 2013 09: 45 New
    +7
    Clever Alferov. Compared to him, Livanov and Medvedev, who are in their prime years, look like stupid, ambitious boys. But they lead the science!
  12. albertvodinov
    albertvodinov 19 May 2013 09: 47 New
    +2
    Quote: atos_kin
    In order for science to develop in the country, not only money is needed, it is necessary to make the heroes of television programs and news not show-people and bandits, but scientists and engineers.

    All right, and stop obscurantism with psychics, sorcerers.
  13. treskoed
    treskoed 19 May 2013 09: 49 New
    +7
    The main problem of the Russian Academy of Sciences and science as a whole is that science is not in demand by industry and the state.

    It’s bitter to read this. Nobel laureate Zhores Alferov proudly talks about the achievements of Soviet science and bitterly about forgetting science and education today. Mr. leaders, people's representatives, listen to a man of world renown and draw conclusions!
    1. Dimy4
      Dimy4 19 May 2013 11: 01 New
      +2
      It’s easy for the gates to descend hell
      but the rise back to the light
      this is labor, this is a feat.
      And such a state should push for a feat.
  14. Megavolt
    Megavolt 19 May 2013 09: 53 New
    +4
    It is for such honest and frank statements that good people fall into disgrace.
  15. wax
    wax 19 May 2013 10: 46 New
    +5
    Alferov personifies the mind, honor and conscience of Soviet and Russian science. That should be the head of the Government.
  16. Semyon Albertovich
    Semyon Albertovich 19 May 2013 10: 46 New
    +3
    Livanov will do everything so that Zhores Alferov does not become the head of the RAS. The ambitions of one self-serving official are more important than the interests of the whole country.
  17. Dimy4
    Dimy4 19 May 2013 10: 52 New
    +5
    ... Now, when I hear the answers of some students in the exam, I am already amazed in the other direction ...
    The dream of some idiots came true - to catch up and surpass America.
  18. PValery53
    PValery53 19 May 2013 11: 43 New
    +2
    It is high time to put an end to pseudo-reforms in education and science, when the important branches of Knowledge are "led" by cheap clerk-managers. Just like in the theater of the absurd ... Of the great, respected in the world, systems of education and science, they make a gray mediocrity, imitating America in a parrot.
  19. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 19 May 2013 12: 22 New
    +5
    ... Now about 90% of the RAS budget is spent on salaries and payments to employees. It turns out that the money of the Academy of Sciences is spent on salaries and utility bills ------------------------ The rest of the money for science has gone to Skolkovo? With such funding, we are going to move science ?! In general, I figure out "figures" and fall into a quiet horror. This is not called development, but the conservation of fundamental science. amMy great respect to Zhores Ivanovich as a scientist and a communist hi
  20. VADIMKRSK
    VADIMKRSK 19 May 2013 12: 53 New
    +3
    Science begins with the first class. And we have from the first grade - preparation for the exam. They made an elementary school for 4 years to make life easier for kids and improve their health. As a result, the son of a second-grader has English, Japanese tales and poems, phonetic analysis in Russian, strange mathematics. I hardly understand my homework.
  21. JIaIIoTb
    JIaIIoTb 19 May 2013 13: 20 New
    +5
    Zhores Ivanovich should be in charge of Skolkovo and not an "effective" manager.
    And then we will begin the development of both nano and non-nano technologies.
    Sincerely.
  22. Mr.M
    Mr.M 19 May 2013 14: 05 New
    +1
    Skolkovo must be liquidated unconditionally. And instead of this - to establish close interaction between the military-industrial complex and higher educational institutions, redirecting money from Skolkovo to the latter for the construction of their own laboratories and testing facilities and the organization of research itself. Research should be coordinated and conducted in areas that meet the needs of the military-industrial complex. A significant role in this should be played by both the teaching staff and young minds.

    I may have written some kind of gag, but, in my opinion, everything is quite feasible. The Skolkovo budget will more than cover the costs of such a program. Education will receive additional funding and will increase the quality and own attractiveness. The military-industrial complex will receive the necessary innovations and professionally trained personnel. And the country will get rid of this financial boiler, on which a corruption element flies like flies.
  23. Metlik
    Metlik 19 May 2013 14: 59 New
    +4
    "The most important problem of the Russian Academy of Sciences and science in general is that science is not in demand by industry and the state."
    Our entire defense industry works on imported machines. At any time, the west may stop selling them to us. But there are no analogues. You can create them only with the involvement of the best research institutes.
    Alferov, despite his age, very clearly understands what needs to be done for the security of Russia. Do authorities understand this?
  24. individual
    individual 19 May 2013 18: 15 New
    +1
    Quote from J. Alferov:
    “When we launched the satellite, Eisenhower and Kennedy said that the Russians won the space race not at the rocket range, but at the school desk. When I lectured at one of the American universities in 1970, I was amazed at the extremely low level of American students 1-2 Now, when I hear the answers of some schoolchildren in the Unified State Exam, I am already amazed in the other direction. "

    In confirmation of the above, one of the questions was asked during a sample survey of Russian students, what revolves around planet Earth?
    The answer discouraged - "sun" !!!
    With such grief - ministers - reformers, and education will slide into the Middle Ages.
    But Galileo Galilei, Nikolai Copernicus and Giordano Bruno will be Fursenko and Livanov again declared heretics as not the Inquisition, but their mediocrity.
  25. Dr. M2
    Dr. M2 19 May 2013 18: 18 New
    -2
    remains one of the most prominent Russian scientists whose voice has weight


    MODERATORS, such MODERATORS.
  26. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 19 May 2013 18: 54 New
    +1
    Alferov is a smart and real man .. there would be more of those .. in Russia
  27. Black
    Black 19 May 2013 21: 26 New
    +1
    Zhores Ivanovich respect and many summers!
  28. satellite
    satellite 19 May 2013 22: 12 New
    -1
    Science is not needed as long as there is oil
  29. konvalval
    konvalval 20 May 2013 00: 21 New
    0
    What do you want from Skolkovo? There Chubais.
  30. DEDUCHKA
    DEDUCHKA 20 May 2013 06: 56 New
    +1
    Very clever and fair words of a respected academician. But while he is close to the Communist Party, no one listens to him, since this is the ideology of the Communists. Therefore, he will not become the head of the RAS. Truth and then and now oh how they do not like. And Skolkovo is another offshore.
  31. fzr1000
    fzr1000 20 May 2013 08: 37 New
    +1
    Comment by Khazin.

    A few more words about the situation in the country.

    I have already written a small text about Surkov’s resignation, in which I explained the main reasons for this event, in my opinion. But since I did not write a forecast for Russia for this year (everything develops too quickly), some political details need to be disclosed in more detail. This is what I want to talk about now.

    This is not the first time that the topic of “elite / nomenclature” responsibility to society has arisen in our country. It was the attempts to impute such responsibility to the nobility that cost Pavel I the head (the British only became the organizational base of general discontent), most likely, this also cost the post of Stalin's successor G.M. Malenkov. In 1955, he began to tighten the responsibility of the nomenclature, which greatly weakened after the death of Stalin, for which he paid, losing to Khrushchev. At the same time, the fact that most of the leaders of the regional committees was personally grateful to Malenkov (the main personnel officer of the Central Committee) for their nomination, and they did not really like Khrushchev himself, including for jokes in 1949-53 (when he oversaw the Central Committee special services).

    Nevertheless, the general system of public control over the activities of the nomenclature was more or less effective until the Gorbachev era, and only after the “revolution” 91 years was it completely eliminated. And, as in the 20s and 30s, it was replaced by an extremely interesting model of the "two-story" elite.

    The essence of this division was to recognize the political realities of the world in which our country existed (then - the USSR, today - the Russian Federation). The part of the elite that came into contact with this reality in their direct activities understood that there were few chances to be maintained in a more or less long term. What did Stalin say there? “We must go this way in 10 years, otherwise they will crush us!” And such words could be spoken by Ivan the Terrible (who knows what he said there before the Boyars Duma, there are no protocols), and Peter I ... But they all faced the same phenomenon.

    Namely, with the colossal opposition of the majority of the elite (the "nomenclature", as it was in the USSR and today in the Russian Federation) to any changes that worsen its condition, the ability to steal and, perhaps most importantly, jeopardize its complete impunity. Please note how easily any liberal decisions that society actively impedes pass through our government: the Bologna process in education, juvenile justice, health care reform, etc. But the point is that this “elite” doesn’t give a damn about society, moreover, it hates it, because society always gets underfoot and prevents it from “working”. And all these "reforms" are very "elite" like because they allow you to capitalize on the process. It is one thing to finance thousands of clinics, it is quite another to centrally purchase ultra-modern equipment for several large centers with corresponding kickbacks. Polyclinics are not needed at all, just like the Academy of Sciences, this is a waste of money, the "elite" doesn’t use it anyway.

    We note, incidentally, that it immediately follows that the modern “nomenclature” is an actively Russophobic system, for it the Russian people are the most harmful part of the country, since it constantly creates obstacles to convenient activities. And this is one of the reasons why these characters love Western liberals so much - although there are others. But Russophobia of our "elite" is quite its own, homegrown.

    At the same time, and because of fierce hatred of their people, and love of Western liberals, they sincerely do not see and do not understand the political threats to the country. They do not discuss relevant issues, referring to the "top" leadership (including Putin), explaining that this is "not their business." At the same time, they do not believe the words about the threats: well, what kind of threat can such “decent” and “respected” Westerners personally bear for them? Threat to the people? Well, he needs a bastard if he does not understand the whole charm of life under their control!
  32. fzr1000
    fzr1000 20 May 2013 08: 37 New
    0
    Continued ..

    Until a certain moment, the upper, political part of the elite and the basic, mass part of it, lived quite amicably. And only in recent months this idyll began to be violated. This is due to the fact that for the first time since the "settling down" of the political system of the Russian Federation in the early 2000s, the country's economic growth was replaced by a serious recession. Whether the leadership of the country understands this is a secondary question, it does not play any role, since the negative consequences of this recession have begun to take effect and will only intensify. And at that moment Putin entered the “slippery” path of Paul I and Malenkov ... And some other historical characters too.

    I don’t know how Putin himself and his closest associates imagine the situation. Most likely, in the spirit of “one's own-stranger” and the refusal to execute Putin’s decrees “in essence” is perceived as a change of “curator” (well, relatively speaking, Putin to Voloshin) with specific characters. Another thing is that in this sense, some appointments in the government look strange, but let's see what happens next. The main thing is that the keen sense of threat that the very top of the “elite” has, having experience of political struggle at the geopolitical level, is completely absent a little lower - and this is what causes the sharp opposition.

    I note that this has nothing to do with the notorious dichotomy “good king - bad boyars”, since a year ago the “king” was no different from the “boyars”. And today he wants only one thing - that the “power vertical” formally subordinate to him would do something to eliminate a specific threat. The trouble is that the “vertical”, firstly, does not see this threat, secondly, does not consider it a threat, and thirdly, on the contrary, considers it a threat to try to force it to do something. Just in case, I repeat: this all has nothing to do with the interests of the people, this is a purely intra-elite conflict.

    Since the economic downturn has not gone away, this conflict will be aggravated. And the most important question that arises in this case is: when will the actors start attracting people within it and will they start to do it at all. In 93, the people were not asked - but then the conflict was purely “apical” in nature and was quite short-term. Today, if the economic crisis accelerates, the option of involving society in this conflict becomes almost inevitable.

    And this is the most important conclusion from what has been said. So far, all that is happening is the internal showdown of a narrow layer of the "elite", which is extremely negative towards our people. As the crisis develops, this or that side will inevitably have to somehow use the resources of society - and now you need to be prepared for this moment. Since it can begin in the fall.
  33. fzr1000
    fzr1000 20 May 2013 10: 28 New
    0
    It was not written by me, but I agree.

    There is simply no alternative to Vladimir Fortov as president of the RAS. It remains a matter of formality - to wait for the election. Academician Fortov is a tough and competent leader who will correct the mistakes of the previous leadership of the RAS.
    The Academy of Sciences should become a national scientific center, around which all scientific forces of the country, located not only within the walls of the RAS, should be consolidated. Fortov is a fighter and patriot, and he is able to do this by concentrating resources and scientific forces on breakthrough domestic technologies for the good of Russia. I wish Vladimir Evgenievich success in the difficult path of the head of the RAS.

    Biography

    Born on January 23, 1946 in Noginsk, Moscow Region. In 1952 he entered Noginsk secondary school, from which he graduated with a silver medal in 1962. In the same year he entered the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology at the Department of Aerophysics and Space Research.

    In 1968 he graduated with honors from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology with a degree in Thermodynamics and Aerodynamics, and in the same year he entered the graduate school of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. In 1971 he defended his dissertation ahead of schedule on the topic “Thermophysics of Plasma of Nuclear Rocket Engines”. From October 1971 to May 1986 he worked in the Department of the Institute of Chemical Physics of the USSR Academy of Sciences in the village of Chernogolovka. In 1976 he defended his doctoral dissertation on the topic "Study of non-ideal plasma by dynamic methods." Since 1982 - professor in the specialty "Chemical Physics, including Combustion and Explosion Physics."

    From 1986 to 1992, he worked as the head of the Institute for High Temperatures of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (now the Joint Institute for High Temperatures of the Russian Academy of Sciences) and part-time at the Institute of Physics and Chemistry as head of the laboratory.

    In 1987, he was elected a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences in the specialty "Thermophysics" in the Department of Physical and Technical Problems of Energy, and in 1991 - full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the Departments of Physical and Technical Problems of Energy and General and Technical Chemistry.

    From 1993 to 1997, V. E. Fortov was Chairman of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research.

    From 1996 to 2001, V. E. Fortov was Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

    In August 1996, he was appointed Chairman of the State Committee of the Russian Federation for Science and Technology, then - Minister of Science and Technology, and until March 1997, he was Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation; in March 1998, retired as part of the office of V. S. Chernomyrdin.

    From 1992 to 2007, V. E. Fortov was Director of the Institute of Thermophysics of Extreme States of the Joint Institute for High Temperatures (OIVT) of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

    From 2007 to the present, V.E. Fortov is the director of the Joint Institute for High Temperatures (OIVT) of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

    From 2002 to the present - academician-secretary of the Department of Energy, Engineering, Mechanics and Control Processes of the RAS.

    Since 2010 - Member of the Advisory Scientific Council of the Skolkovo Foundation.

    In May 2013, the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences recommended V.E. Fortov to the post of head of the Academy.
  34. fzr1000
    fzr1000 20 May 2013 10: 29 New
    0
    Scientific works

    The scientific works of V.E. Fortov are devoted to the physics of powerful shock waves in dense plasma and extreme states of matter. Under the guidance and with the direct participation of V.E. Fortov, theoretical and experimental work was carried out in the fields of high energy density physics, non-ideal plasma physics and chemical physics, space physics, the theory of combustion and explosion, the thermophysical properties of substances and their behavior under extreme conditions.

    In world science V.E. Fortov is also known as the creator and leader of a new scientific field - the dynamic physics of non-ideal plasma. Original and generalizing works of V. E. Fortov and his students, including monographs published in recent years: “Non-ideal plasma”, “Strong shock waves and extreme conditions of matter”, “Shock wave phenomena in condensed matter”, “Shock adiabats of condensed matter at high energy densities ”,“ Extreme states of matter on Earth and in space ”[4].

    The work of V. E. Fortov on the creation of the scientific foundations for protecting the spacecraft during the implementation of the Vega international project — the study of Halley’s comet, on the modeling of the process and the investigation of the impact of the comet Shoemakers – Levy 9 collision with Jupiter, made a significant contribution to the development of space physics. V. Ye. Fortov made a fundamental contribution to a series of studies in the physics of high energy densities at the unique Angara-5-1 complex.

    Fundamental and promising in terms of application prospects seems to be a series of experiments carried out under the supervision of V. Ye. Fortov to study the formation of quasicrystalline ordered structures in plasma, including the unique space experiment “Plasma Crystal”, launched at the Mir orbital complex in 1998 and continuing at the International Space Station (ISS).

    Academician V.E. Fortov combines scientific activity with scientific and pedagogical work at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, under his scientific supervision 11 doctoral and more than 30 master's theses are defended, he is an Honorary Worker of Higher Education in Russia.

    V. E. Fortov - editor-in-chief of the journal “Thermophysics of High Temperatures”, member of the editorial board of the journal “Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk” and a number of other Russian and international magazines, editor-in-chief of the popular science magazine “In the World of Science”.
  35. gauche
    gauche 20 May 2013 11: 19 New
    +1
    Quote: aksakal
    It fits in perfectly - a bureaucrat who does not give a damn about his homeland and, concurrently, he is not an agent of the special services - this is too obvious, they can put him for that, but he is an agent of INFLUENCE of the Amer State Department.

    The Medveputy pretty much devalued the very institutions of "agents of influence" and the activities of foreign intelligence services. This is a new form of life. The scale of the "drain" of Russia through their livelihoods is such that the old concepts of the special services are fading.
  36. NOBODY EXCEPT US
    NOBODY EXCEPT US 20 May 2013 23: 59 New
    0
    I respect this man for his life position, he never bent under anyone, reminds Kapitsa-father, he could tell Stalin everything he thought, saved many scientists from the death, and in spite of all Beria’s attempts to devour him, Josiv did not give him an insult, after all, it was necessary to see a person who was telling the truth in person ... now there are few of them .... Alferov is one of them .... although Putin hardly needs this, he loves more fake food, gifts like tiger cubs, kittens, and so on ... .