Military Review

The history of military parades on Red Square

21
Red Square is not only the most popular and visited place in the capital of Russia, a business card and the heart of our country. She had long since become the main military parade of the Fatherland. It was here that glorious military parades took place, the pomp and power of which always caused not only the pride of compatriots for their power, but also the fear of enemies and political rivals.


Despite the change of government, social systems, and even the name of the country, colorful rituals were held at the Kremlin walls for decades for the elite of the army and fleet. The main purpose of the military parade, in addition to the magnificent extravaganza, is to demonstrate the readiness of our country at any time to repel the military invasion of enemies, make them suffer severe punishment for encroachments on the holy Russian land.

History military parades began in the middle of the 17 century, when the market square, Torg, in front of the walls of the Kremlin still did not bear the current name. Then Torg was the place where the royal decrees were announced, public executions were carried out, the trading life was boiling up, and on holy holidays it was here that mass religious processions were held. The Kremlin at that time had the appearance of a well-fortified fortress with gun turrets and a huge moat encircling it, bounded on both sides by white-stone walls.

Red Square in the second half of the XVII century, the work of Apollinaria Vasnetsov


The word "red" in Russia at that time called all beautiful. The square with the marvelous hipped domes on the Kremlin towers became so-called under Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. By this time, the fortress had already lost its defense significance. Gradually it became a tradition for the Russian troops after another victorious battle to proudly pass through the central square past the Kremlin. One of the most spectacular sights of ancient times was the return of the Russian army from Smolensk in 1655, when the king himself walked ahead with his head bare, carrying his little son in his arms.

Many historians believe that the first parade that took place on October 11 on 1702, can be considered the first after the army led by Peter the Great returned after taking the fortress Oreshek (Noteburg). On that day, the Butcher’s Street was covered in red cloth on which the king’s gilded carriage passed, dragging Swedish banners on the ground. Another group of experts is inclined to say that the first is the parade of 1818 of the year, held in honor of the opening of the monument to citizen Minin and Prince Pozharsky known to all guests of the capital. At that time, Red Square already had its usual outlines and became quite suitable for military parades. The protective moat was filled up, and in its place a boulevard appeared. Opposite the Kremlin wall was built the building of the upper trading rows. During the coronation celebrations, the emperor's motorcade passed through the square, heading for the Spassky Gate to enter the Kremlin.

Military parades became more widespread at the end of the 18 century. In St. Petersburg, they were held traditionally twice a year: in the winter at the Palace Square, and in the spring at the Field of Mars. And in the First Throne procession, the troops were organized from time to time and held on the territory of the Kremlin. Although there were exceptions. For example, on May 30 of 1912, when the monument to Emperor Alexander III was unveiled near the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, a solemn procession of military units, headed personally by Nicholas II, took place near the new monument. Then the king was followed by a company of palace grenadiers and a consolidated infantry regiment, which is the predecessor of the current Presidential regiment in Russia. Then, saluting the tsar, the guardsmen, wearing the helmets with eagles and white elite tunics, performed the honorary function of the imperial guard, wearing helmets with eagles The last Moscow parade with the participation of Nicholas II took place on 8 on August 1914, that is, just a week after the start of the First World War. In honor of the birthday of the sovereign, a military review was held in the Kremlin, but on Ivanovskaya Square.

Nicholas II takes parade during the opening ceremony of the monument to Alexander III


Shortly after the abdication of Nicholas II in the spring of 1917, when power was transferred to the Provisional Government, the revolutionary army led by the commander of the Moscow garrison Colonel Gruzinov took place on March 4. All Red Square and the streets adjacent to it were occupied by a festive crowd, over which airplanes cruised. An endless stream of people stomping in orderly rows in military overcoats with gleaming bayonets moved across the square. That is how witnesses remembered the first parade in the history of the new Russia.

In March, 1918, after the Bolsheviks seized power and the general euphoria of bourgeois revolutionary change was replaced by political chaos, a fratricidal war and a complete collapse of the economy, the top management moved from Petrograd to Moscow. Since then, Red Square has become the main venue for all state celebrations, and the Kremlin is the permanent residence of the country's government.
When on the Kremlin walls, Nikolskaya and Spasskaya towers were still visible traces of the November 1917 battle, the tribune for a parade in honor of 1 was celebrated in the spring of 1918 in May among the fresh revolutionary graves of revolutionaries. The construction of a tree in the form of a rectangle has become a kind of monument to the victims of the struggle for a "bright future." On that day, a column of demonstrators consisting of Red Army men and civilians began their movement from the Historical Passage to the St. Basil's Cathedral. The first parade of the Red Army, in which, according to an official statement, about thirty thousand people participated, took place on the same day on the Khodynka field, and was headed by the military commissar Leo Trotsky. At that parade, it was not without incidents: the regiment of Latvian riflemen, which were then used to protect the government, left the venue of the parade in full force, expressing their distrust of Trotsky.

Despite the originally adopted Bolshevik declaration of abandoning imperial traditions, military parades and marches have not lost relevance. The next solemn passage of troops took place in honor of the first anniversary of October and already in Red Square. By 7 November 1918, the central square of the country was hastily put in order, and the leader of the proletariat Vladimir Ulyanov-Lenin personally welcomed the memorable procession. It should be noted that the first parades of post-revolutionary Russia were little reminiscent of the military processions of the Tsarist army, they were more like folk processions with the participation of the military.

Lenin made a speech on Red Square on the day of the celebration of the 1 anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution. Moscow, November 7 1918 of the year


Since then, parades began to take place on various occasions. For example, in March 1919, a march took place dedicated to the Moscow congress of the Third International. And on the May Day parade in the same year, a tank was driving along Red Square for the first time after the columns. 27 June 1920 of the year was held in honor of the congress of the Second International, which was organized more professionally. An interesting view was the central stand, which was similar to the observation point on the top of a hill, and military formations were moving not randomly, but in orderly rows. 1 May 1922-th year in the regulations of the military parade, a new ceremony related to the adoption of the military oath. This tradition was preserved until the 1939 year. Like the parades of the imperial army in the first post-revolutionary processions, the calculations moved in long lines of two ranks. It was quite difficult to move in clear rows on the broken stone pavement in this order.

The following significant changes in the appearance of Red Square occurred after the death of Lenin, the first head of the Country of Soviets, in the 1924 year. Opposite the Senate Tower a temporary tomb of the Leader of the Revolution was built. Four months later, in its place, a wooden mausoleum appeared with stands at the sides. It was from these stands that from now on all the leaders of the country began to greet the demonstrators during the marches. And at the entrance to the mausoleum appears post number XXUMX, which is constantly on duty cadets of the military school.

The history of military parades on Red Square
23 February 1925 for the first time Mikhail Frunze carried out for the first time not a detour, but a detour of troop formations, riding a horse.


On February 23, 1925, Mikhail Frunze, who replaced Trotsky as head, did not bypass for the first time, but bypass military installations, riding on horseback. The last parade with the participation of this hero of the civil war was the May Day festive procession of 1925, at which the first salute of salute from cannons installed inside the Kremlin was given. Voroshilov, who after Frunze assumed the duties of host to the parade, also traveled around on horseback. Since May 1, 1925, representatives of various branches of the army were dressed in the uniform in uniforms at the parade, and the variegation of uniforms that were previously present was no longer observed. Against the general background, only a company of Baltic sailors and a column of the higher school of military disguise stood out with white visors. In addition, infantry formations now took place in a new "chess" order. Following them moved cyclists-scooters, cavalry and, finally, armored vehicles represented by armored vehicles and tanks. From this day until our times, the mass passage of military equipment during the parades has become a mandatory item. This May Day parade was distinguished by another innovation, namely the participation aviation. During the procession over the area in an unstable wedge, eighty-eight airplanes flew by.

07.11.1927, the Square is still without paving stones - it will appear between 1930-1931, when the second wooden Lenin's mausoleum will be replaced with reinforced concrete with granite lining. There is no central tribune on the Mausoleum either, before that the Soviet leaders stood on a small tribune on the side. The loudspeaker post is the remainder of the tram line that was held here in 1909. From the pillars only removed the openwork suspension for wires.


A distinctive feature of the November 7 parade was the fact that it was received by a civilian, Chairman of the Central Executive Committee Mikhail Kalinin, although the Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council Voroshilov was in charge of the parade. At this festive procession there were no armored cars and tanks, as the situation in the country was tense to the limit. Stalin, who is on the sidelines, was afraid of a military coup, since Trotsky's authority in the army was still quite high. But in the parade was attended by the consolidated North Caucasian Cavalry Regiment, which with a whoopie raced across the square in black burkas.

In the 1 parade of May 1929 of the year, Red Square for the last time appeared in its old form with a completely broken pavement and an inappropriate wooden mausoleum among the stone walls. The lampposts standing in the middle of the square considerably limited the width of the passing columns and made it difficult for the vehicles to pass. Due to the poor condition of the paving stones, each parade had to be sprinkled with sand to facilitate the movement of military equipment and reduce the slip of horse hooves. Domestic-made armored vehicles for the first time passed in this May Day parade on Red Square, but there were no combat weapons on the vehicles, which were replaced by shrouded dummies. Equip technique weapons simply did not have time. But at the November 7 parade, all combat vehicles already had full-fledged standard weapons.

The May Day parade of 1930 was held in conditions when most of the square was fenced with a fence, behind which a new stone mausoleum of Lenin was erected at an accelerated pace. The reconstruction was completed by November of the same year 7. The square was paved with the strongest diabase pavers, and greatness was now added to it by a new mausoleum, lined with red granite. Tribunes at that time were located only on the sides of the tomb. When shooting this parade, live sound was recorded for the first time.

From parade to parade the number of its participants and military equipment constantly increased. The only problem was that the narrow Resurrection Gates of Kitay-Gorod restricted the passage of combat vehicles. In 1931, these gates were finally demolished, and the monument blocking the passage to Minin and Pozharsky was moved to St. Basil's Cathedral. The Kazan Cathedral was demolished in 1936, and Vasilyevsky Spusk was cleared of buildings. In the heat of the moment, the historical museum and the Temple were nearly removed, but prudence prevailed, and the priceless monuments remained in place.

The tradition of extraordinary military parades was clearly seen in the 30s. The February 9 commemorative parade, dedicated to the XVII Party Congress, was striking in its scale. Forty-two thousand servicemen participated in it, of whom twenty one thousand were infantrymen, and seventeen hundred horsemen. On that day, five hundred twenty-five tanks proceeded through the central square of the country, and the parade itself lasted more than three hours! The review showed that over the five-year period the technical equipment of the Red Army has increased many times, turning it into a formidable, well-prepared force, which was noted by the foreign diplomats and correspondents present. The Times wrote that the Soviet Army did indeed show first-class discipline and organization, although it indicated the fact that one tank, a naval machine gun, and a searchlight were out of order during the march. Such confusions, of course, sometimes happened. In the event of an unexpected breakdown of the equipment, detailed plans were developed for its quick evacuation away from the eyes of observers. However, at the parade in 1934, one foreigner took pictures of the collision of two carts.

At the parade of troops of the Moscow garrison. 1934 year.


In response to the beginning of the militarization of Germany and the changing political situation in Europe in 1935, Stalin decides to demonstrate the full power of the Soviet military forces. Five hundred tanks took part in the May Day parade, eight hundred aircrafts took to the air, the flagship of which was the eight-engine Maxim Gorky, accompanied by two fighters. Following them in several tiers, bombers flew in and literally closed the sky over the square with their wings. A real furore caused the five red And-16 that appeared in the sky. Having dropped almost to the battlements of the Kremlin wall, these fighters roared over the audience. According to Stalin’s order, each of the five pilots received not only a cash prize, but also an extraordinary title.

Since the imperial eagles located on the towers of the Kremlin and the historical museum did not fit into the overall picture of Red Square, in the fall of 1935 they were replaced with stars made of metal with Ural gems. Two years later, these stars were replaced with red and ruby ​​illuminated from the inside. In addition, at the end of the 30s, a central tribune was installed in front of the mausoleum, which now stood above the inscription "Lenin", symbolically emphasizing the importance of the people standing on it.

May Day Parade 1941 year was the last peaceful march of the pre-war country. In the conditions prevailing in Europe, the demonstration of the power of the USSR was of particular importance, especially when you consider that among the foreign representatives were the top ranks of the Wehrmacht. Budyonny believed that how well the Soviets would show their power and preparation might depend on whether the Soviet Union would be drawn into a confrontation with the Germans. The enormous moral tension led to the fact that some participants simply lost consciousness, and therefore almost everyone had a bottle of ammonia in their pockets. The speech of Marshal Timoshenko from the rostrum had a clearly traceable basic idea - the desire of the USSR for a peaceful policy. The novelty of this parade was the participation of motorcycle units that were just beginning to form in the Red Army. Significant was the indicative departure of the newest dive bombers. However, according to the report of one of the Wehrmacht officers after the parade, “the Russian officer corps was in a deplorable state and made a pitiful impression,” and “the USSR will need at least twenty years to restore the lost commanders”. Based on what the stated conclusions were made, we can only guess.

Parade held 7 November 1941-th year.


One of the most memorable and significant was the ceremonial parade of troops, sent from Red Square directly to the front, held on November 7 of 1941. These days, the front as close as possible to the heart of our Motherland and was at a distance of seventy kilometers. The stars of the Kremlin towers were covered with covers, and the gilded domes of the cathedral were painted over for security and camouflage. Despite Hitler’s desire to mark the anniversary of the October Revolution with a parade of German troops in the center of Moscow, the Soviet leadership organized its own parade, the purpose of which was to instill confidence in our compatriots and dispel the chaos and hopelessness that prevailed at that time in the capital.

The decision to hold the parade was announced on the night before 6 in November by Stalin personally at the ceremonial meeting, which began twenty minutes after the air raid, caused by the attempt of two hundred German bombers to break through to the capital. Preparation for the parade was held in the strictest secrecy, and the event itself was equated with a military operation. To ensure safety, the start of the parade was scheduled for eight in the morning, and all its participants were instructed in the event of an air raid. The parade was hosted by the Deputy Commissar of Defense, Marshal Budyonny, who was accompanied by the parade commander, Lieutenant General Artemyev.



The first and only time on that day, Stalin delivered a speech from the podium of the mausoleum, calling his compatriots sisters and brothers. His speech, full of patriotism, had the expected effect, inspiring the fighting soldiers and residents of the capital to the inevitability of our victory over the aggressor. About twenty-eight thousand people took part in the solemn 7 parade of November 1941, and the most numerous were the NKVD troops in the amount of forty-two battalions. An interesting fact is that the beginning of the parade was not recorded on film, as for the purpose of secrecy, filmmakers were not warned about the upcoming event. Operators with cameras arrived at the square later, after hearing the broadcast from the parade on the radio.

In that memorable parade for the first and last time, the previously secret T-60, T-34 and KV-1 tanks took part. Unlike other celebrations, military equipment was supplied with ammunition in case an order was received to advance to the front, but the strikers were nevertheless withdrawn from the safety implements and were kept by the crews' commanders. After this symbolic November parade, the whole world realized that the USSR would never submit to the enemy. A commemorative reconstruction of this procession took place seventy years later in November of 2011, and since then it has been held annually on November of November.
The next triumph in Red Square passed only after three and a half years 1 on May 1945, when everyone was already waiting for victory, and in the depths of the fascist lair the last bloody battles were fought. Up to 1944, the “Internationale” was played at military parades, which was the country's anthem. At the May Day parade of 1945 for the first time, a new anthem of the USSR was played. A year later, the People's Commissariat of Defense will be renamed the Ministry of Defense, and the Red Army will be called the Soviet.





The triumphant parade of the 1945 was even more solemn and jubilant. The decision to hold the holiday was made by the leadership of 9 in May, and two weeks later the command of the command was given that each front should allocate a consolidated regiment of 1059 people to participate in the march. 19 June in Moscow by plane was delivered victoriously hoisted over the Reichstag red flag. That it was obliged to be present at the head of the column, and those who directly hoisted the flag in Germany were to carry it. However, in preparing for the parade, these heroic people showed unsatisfactory ability to drill, and then Zhukov ordered the transportation of the banner to the museum of the Armed Forces. Thus, in the main parade of the 20th century, which was held on 24 on June 1945, the main symbol of victory did not take part. He will return to Red Square only in the anniversary 1965 year.




The Victory Parade was taken by Marshal Zhukov, accompanied by his adjutant, riding a white stallion in the pouring rain, which slightly spoiled the solemn atmosphere of the event. The parade itself was first filmed on a color trophy film, which had to be shown in Germany. Unfortunately, due to color distortion, the film was later transferred to the black and white version. The sequence of the consolidated regiments was determined by the order of the fronts in the conduct of hostilities to the end of the war from north to south. He led the march of the regiment of the 1 of the Belarusian Front, whose fighters hoisted a banner in Berlin. And the apotheosis of the holiday was the deposition of enemy German flags at the Mausoleum. The parade lasted just over two hours. The demonstration of workers, Stalin ordered to exclude from the program of the holiday. Muscovites and front-line soldiers waited a long time for the very speech of the country's leader, but the Leader never addressed his people. Only Marshal Zhukov uttered several phrases from the podium. There was no symbolic minute of silence in memory of the dead during the holiday. A film about the parade spread all over the country and everywhere it was viewed with full notice. It is necessary to clarify that only two decades later in the 1965 year, the 9 day of May will become the official holiday of Victory.

12 on August 1945 on the Red Square again held a parade, but it was a procession of athletes, which was characteristic of the 30-s. A remarkable fact of this event was the fact that on the podium of the Mausoleum for the first and last time were representatives of the United States. The large-scale event with the participation of twenty-three thousand participants lasted five hours, during which the continuous movement of the columns continued, and most of the area was covered with special green cloth. Impressions from the sports parade led Eisenhower to say that "this country cannot be defeated." At the same days atomic bombs were dropped on Japanese cities.

In 1946, the question of the passage of tanks through Moscow was acutely raised due to the emergency post-war condition of the houses, which were simply destroyed by the movement of heavy vehicles through the streets. Before preparing for the large-scale review of 8 tank technology on September 1946, the chief mayor was heard, and now the route of the vehicles is being developed taking into account the state of the capital’s housing stock.

November 1957, XNUMX


From the 1957 parade, the demonstration of various missile systems will become a tradition. In the same year, the aircraft did not speak at the celebration due to non-flying weather. The participation of pilots in parades on the main square will resume only forty-eight years later at the May 2005 parade.

Starting with the May Day parade of 1960, military parades have become a kind of formidable symbol of the confrontation between two political worlds. This celebration began with the decision of Khrushchev, who was then in power, the decision to destroy the U-2 reconnaissance aircraft, which broke into the sky over the USSR and proceeded to the Urals. Emotional Nikita Sergeevich took this impudence as a personal insult. A decisive answer with the help of an anti-aircraft complex put an end to the possibility of peacefully resolving the issues that were ripe between Britain, the USA and the USSR

November 1967, XNUMX


From 1965, for the next eighteen years, L.I. took military parades on Red Square. Brezhnev. The order of location of the main persons of the country on the podium of the mausoleum in those years spoke eloquently about the preferences among the leaders and the attitude of the first person to those close to them.
The 1 parade of May 1967-th, held in the year of the 50 anniversary of Soviet power, was distinguished by a theatrical historical show with the participation of columns of Red Army men dressed in overcoats of the Civil War model, commissars in leather jackets and sailors rigged with machine gun ribbons. After a long temporary break, a squadron of cavalrymen reappeared on the square, followed by carriages with machine guns thundering along the cobblestones. Then the procession was continued by armored vehicles imitating samples of the beginning of the 20 of the 20th century with the built-in “Maxim” machine guns.

In 1968, the last May Day military parade took place. From this year on, the celebration of 1 in May only squares of workers passed through the square. And the military equipment for the review was taken to the square only once a year on November 7. In the years of stagnation, which lasted twenty years and led to the collapse of the USSR, after the signing of an arms reduction treaty in 1974, the last time on the Red Square people were shown intercontinental ballistic missiles. In the 1975 and 1976 years, armored vehicles did not take part in parades and the celebrations took only thirty minutes. However, on November 7, the 1977 of the year, tanks appeared again on the main parade of the country. And on November 7, 1982, Brezhnev for the last time appeared on the platform of the mausoleum.

Parade 7 November 1982 th


After the change of several 11 managers in March 1985, Mr. M. was in power. Gorbachev. At the parade in honor of the 40 anniversary of the 9 victory in May of 1985, passing according to the usual scenario, not only Russian soldiers, participants of the Second World War, but also Poles, as well as veterans from the Czech Republic, passed in the veterans column.

November 1990, XNUMX


The last parade of Soviet power on Red Square was held on November 7 on 1990, when head of state Mikhail Sergeyevich, like Stalin, gave a speech from the podium of the Mausoleum. However, his appeal to the people was full of trivialities and hackneyed phrases. Soon after that, the collapse of the USSR followed with the division and division of the property of the army ...

Victory parades in honor of the feat of the Russian people in the Great Patriotic War began to be held only on anniversaries, they took place in the 1985 and 1990 years. From 1991 to 1994, this tradition was completely forgotten. However, in 1995, Russia received an order from 19 in May, according to which, in honor of the 50 anniversary of the Great Victory, the tradition of commemorative celebrations and parades in the hero-cities was revived, but the participation of military equipment, which caused great damage to their infrastructure, was revived. In the same year, demonstrations were held at Poklonnaya Gora, where new models of combat vehicles and equipment were demonstrated. And on the main square of the country were a few columns of war veterans.



Starting from 9 in May of 2008, military parades on Red Square once again became regular, resumed seventeen years later. Today's parades are significantly different not only by the increased technical capabilities and the presence of a mass of colorful special effects, but also by an unprecedented amount of technology involved, not only military, but also film, which allows you to show the event in the most favorable angles and make close-ups of any place or person. In addition, a huge screen is being installed in the stands, to which a live picture of the parade is being displayed.



Information sources:
-http: //www.12min.ru/drugoe/parad-na-krasnoj-ploshhadi-ot-istorii-do-nashix-dnej.html
-http: //www.tass-ural.ru/details/spravka_istoriya_voennykh_paradov_na_krasnoy_ploshchadi.html
-http: //www.mosoblpress.ru/regions/23/mass_media/3/108/item104578/
-http://goup32441.narod.ru/files/ogp/001_oporn_konspekt/2006/2006-09-3.html
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 9 May 2013 08: 11
    11
    PARADAMS WOULD!
    Whatever the arguments against this.
    Happy Great Victory Day!
    Health to the participants of the Second World War and veterans!
    1. INTER
      INTER 9 May 2013 09: 54
      +2
      The parade is an indicator of the health of the country, mainly the army, the more colorful, the more technology and people the better. Yes, and a stranger to the show, WE DO NOT CALIBLE TO US! Happy holiday to all!
    2. Army1
      Army1 9 May 2013 11: 03
      +1
      ALL ON THE HOLIDAY OF THE GREAT VICTORY !!!!!! drinks
  2. Apollo
    Apollo 9 May 2013 08: 16
    13
    Looking at these shots you feel a sense of pride in the Great Country, the USSR !!!

    1. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith 10 May 2013 00: 23
      +2
      Here is a good fimlm "History of military parades"

  3. CkoTuHa
    CkoTuHa 9 May 2013 10: 08
    +4
    Power! Glory to our people!
  4. Fregate
    Fregate 9 May 2013 10: 19
    +5
    Today it’s more pleasant to watch the parade, the Minister of Defense in uniform, maybe a little detail, but still nice. Happy Victory Day to WWII !!!!!
    1. Stas57
      Stas57 9 May 2013 11: 37
      21 th
      clowning for children .... popping up on the stairs, saluting with spread five, slouched head of the Ministry of Emergencies.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Waroc
        Waroc 9 May 2013 16: 11
        +3
        The army is not only and not so much the Minister of Defense, the army is people in the ranks holding weapons !!!

        PS Although with the fact that the MO did a little disappointment - I agree (but still better than a heart) - a sort of frowning, hunched goby with a look from underneath)))
        1. Drednout
          Drednout 10 May 2013 01: 40
          +2
          It's just that Shougu is not really a military man. They did not drill it at the time, and it is not worth paying special attention to it. I agree that it’s better than srdyuk! I am glad that the Nakhimovites and Suvorovcems were finally withdrawn.
    2. Dr. Pilyulkin
      Dr. Pilyulkin 9 May 2013 12: 53
      +2
      Watched by the whole family. It was a good parade! Aviation would only like more. There would be cavalry, in general it would be great. But even so it was quite good.
      You can, comrades, argue as much as you like, but the paratroopers were the best!
      With smiles, dignity, famously, fervently! Well done, keep it up!
      Happy Victory Day to all!
      1. Tambov we ...
        Tambov we ... 9 May 2013 15: 04
        +1
        The cavalry is glorious, but alas, has outlived its own kind of troops. Story. Such as the passage of the hoplite phalanx, or the grenadier of the eighteenth century.
      2. Tambov we ...
        Tambov we ... 9 May 2013 15: 37
        +1
        I want to add about cavalry - now there is not even a percent of the composition of the horses and their servants that were in the 40s. This is not only horses and people, but also a whole infrastructure - from state administrations to harness enterprises, horse-drawn transport enterprises, veterinary organizations, educational institutions, horse production on state and collective farm breeds, fodder production, etc.
        1. Aljavad
          Aljavad 9 May 2013 17: 25
          +1
          the border guards returned the horse, but there are in the presidential regiment.
  5. General
    General 9 May 2013 10: 54
    +7
    Happy holiday to all comrades
  6. Alexander-Tomsk
    Alexander-Tomsk 9 May 2013 13: 25
    +2
    I liked the parade, it seems to me, or was there more air defense systems this year? And another question arose, what kind of award on a tie at Shoigu is attached?
  7. grandfather
    grandfather 9 May 2013 14: 27
    +5
    brothers and sisters, All Happy Victory Day!
  8. Aljavad
    Aljavad 9 May 2013 14: 39
    +5
    ALL! ALL! ALL! WITH THE MAIN HOLIDAY OF GREAT RUSSIA AND ALL ITS PEOPLES! EVERYONE WHO IS MIND, BLOOD, BECAUSE THE SHOWER BROUGHT HER, WHO WAITED FOR HER, WHO HAPPENED HER, THOSE WHO REMEMBER HER AND KEEP HER TRADITIONS! GLORY TO THE WINNERS! THE ETERNAL MEMORY OF THE UNDELIVED!
  9. individual
    individual 9 May 2013 15: 02
    +4
    Today, in honor of the Victory, they gave me carnations. I remembered the distant 1967 year of the last century, when at a meeting with WWII veterans on the Mamayev Kurgan of Volgograd, I was a boy of 16-17 years old who presented red carnations to Dolores Ibaruri, the mother of the deceased fighter of the Republican Army of Spain. How happy we all were then.

    All a Happy Victory Day! ! !
  10. individual
    individual 9 May 2013 15: 05
    +2
    I want to plus +++ to all worthy forum users, but my rights are limited.
  11. Alf
    Alf 9 May 2013 17: 42
    +3
    Quote: Waroc
    (but still better than a heart) - a sort of frowning, hunched goby with a look from underneath)))

    Serdyuk’s gaze said, I’m trying, I’m doing what I can, I’m falling apart with all my might, and they all go and go.
    And I would, after the infantry columns, before passing the equipment, would launch 3 T-34s with the words-BEST WAR TANK! VICTORY SYMBOL!
    Does anyone know where to download post-war parades? I would be very grateful. Parade 45 is already there, I am also looking for the full version of parade 41.
  12. Navuxonastupil
    Navuxonastupil 9 May 2013 18: 08
    -1
    I didn’t understand one thing, I heard it with my own ears - Shoigu reported to Putin about his readiness for the parade, calling himself army general. How can I link this to the marshal’s epaulettes ???????
    I found the answer! Comedy, however!
    Military reform in Russia has taken a major step forward. According to the latest decree of Vladimir Putin, shoulder straps of army generals will be unified with shoulder straps of marshals who are absent in Russia (the first and so far the last marshal of the Russian Federation, former defense minister Igor Sergeyev died in 2006). Now, the main generals, including Minister of Defense Sergey Shoigu, will have one large and, in addition to this, Russian coat of arms on shoulder straps instead of four small stars. Thus, the president consoled Shoigu, who really wanted to become a marshal, but to assign this title to a man who had not served in the army for a day was too much even for Putin.
    [2013-02-25]
    1. Chicot 1
      Chicot 1 9 May 2013 23: 46
      +4
      Quote: Navuxonastupil
      I didn’t understand one thing, I heard it with my own ears - Shoigu reported to Putin about his readiness for the parade, calling himself army general. How can I link this to the marshal’s epaulettes ???????
      I found the answer! Comedy, however!
      Military reform in Russia has taken a major step forward. According to the latest decree of Vladimir Putin, shoulder straps of army generals will be unified with shoulder straps of marshals who are absent in Russia (the first and so far the last marshal of the Russian Federation, former defense minister Igor Sergeyev died in 2006). Now, the main generals, including Minister of Defense Sergey Shoigu, will have one large and, in addition to this, Russian coat of arms on shoulder straps instead of four small stars. Thus, the president consoled Shoigu, who really wanted to become a marshal, but to assign this title to a man who had not served in the army for a day was too much even for Putin.
      [2013-02-25]

      The right word, do not drive in vain. Epaulettes on the Shoigu uniform is a return to the late Soviet form of epaulettes of senior officers (or generals), which, with the rank of army general, carried one large star and a combined arms emblem. The epaulettes of the old Soviet model, as well as the epaulettes of the army general that took place until recently, carried four medium-sized stars.
      The marshal's shoulder strap carries one big star and the two-headed eagle of arms ...

      Samples of epaulettes of the highest officers of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (numbered 1.- shoulder strap of the marshal; numbered 2. - shoulder strap of the army general). You can compare them with those on Shoigu’s shoulders and make sure that he still has the shoulder straps of the army general, and there’s no comedy at all ...
  13. i12345
    i12345 9 May 2013 18: 13
    +4
    Than the current Victory Parade is good - the absence of the Perdyukov muzzle, the fighters were normally detached, with weapons and awards, and the president accepted the STAND parade.
  14. Alf
    Alf 9 May 2013 20: 20
    +7
    By the way, tradition is violated in this parade. The first time the departure was on BLACK ZIL, before there were always LIGHT GRAY cars. Gray color was only ceremonial, unlike standard black ZILs.
    1. Chicot 1
      Chicot 1 9 May 2013 23: 54
      +5
      Dear namesake, in recent times so many traditions have been violated and destroyed that the color of the car on which the parade was accepted today no longer has any fundamental significance ...
      Happy Great Victory Day! drinks
      1. Alf
        Alf 9 May 2013 23: 58
        +3
        Happy holiday to you too ! It’s just a shame, even in the little things they try to screw up everything, at any cost to erase the memory of those great times.
  15. Merchant
    Merchant 10 May 2013 02: 16
    +3
    Congratulations to all on the great holiday of VICTORY!
    And provocateurs from Tver to the wall !!!
  16. RoTTor
    RoTTor 11 May 2013 23: 16
    +1
    Victory Parade MAY 9 was a success.
    BUT:
    1. The announcer's comments are inappropriate, often erroneous, and make it difficult to perceive the parade.
    A PARADE - A VIEW OF ART, more complicated than an opera.
    2. Form of clothing: all members of the ’acelbants are absolutely kitsch out of the blue, like demobilization redneck. The tunic worn in a vest is even worse. Especially in combination with trousers tucked into berets - shoes for FIELD form.
    3. I'm afraid that the 68LA at the parade is all that I could put up, that is, take Russian aircraft into the air, given the remaining number of Tu-160, Tu = 95, MiG-31 - all Soviet aircraft that have not been manufactured by industry for a long time.
    4. A wonderful combined orchestra should be given a couple more numbers at the end of the parade. That's great! The chief military conductor is great. But the march "Borodino" a year ago was over and over, it is a pity this year was not performed.
    On TV "RUSSIA 24" it was a wonderful idea to show all the parades from Vladivostok to Moscow. The best parades, besides Moscow, were in Khabarovsk and Sverdlovsk.
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