Erdogan spoke on behalf of the Turkish people. Turkish Prime Minister called Bashar Assad a “butcher” and a “murderer”, and at the same time he warned that the wrath of God was waiting for him, the channel reports "RT".
The aggressive statement of Mr. Erdogan was followed by the dissemination in the media of information about the Israeli air strike on the Damascus suburb. Opinion about what happened Prime Minister expressed at a meeting with party members in Ankara. Erdogan's words are quoted by the newspaper Daily Star Lebanon:
"If God allows us, we will see how this butcher, this murderer will be condemned ... You will pay a high, very high price for courage, which you can show only in front of small children and no one else."
Mr. Erdogan noted that the Turkish people are not inclined to hide their opinions for the sake of political correctness and always speak the truth.
The Prime Minister condemned the international community for the fact that it is slow in making a decision, and the number of those killed in the civil war in Syria continues to grow.
Condemnation of aggression. The Iranian Foreign Ministry strongly condemned Israel’s aggression against the Jamrai Research Center near Damascus, reports SANA. According to Tehran, this aggression leads to the undermining of the security and stability of the Middle East region. Iranian Foreign Ministry called for strengthening the unity and solidarity of the countries of the region in confronting Israeli threats.
Iranian Defense Minister Ahmad Wahidi condemned the Israeli aggression, confirming that Israel received the "green light" from the United States to take such a step. He stressed that this attack confirms the connection of terrorist groups in Syria and their Zionist patrons. Wahidi added that this aggression threatens the security of the entire region.
Lebanese politicians, parties and organizations also expressed solidarity with the SAR. Lebanese President Michel Suleiman demanded that the world community, in particular, the UN Security Council, take strict measures against the aggressor in order to force it to stop such steps that violate the sovereignty of other countries, and implement international decisions regarding the Arab-Israeli conflict.
The aggression was condemned by the Iraqi Arab People’s Committee for Syria and Resistance, the Tunisian Al-Savabeth Party, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, the Union of Palestinian Movements and Forces in Damascus, the Jihad Islam movement, the Avant-garde Popular Liberation Struggle, the Palestinian Front struggle, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (General Command), the International Confederation of Arab Trade Unions, Egyptian political figures and journalists, the head of the political department of the Palestine Liberation Organization us and other parties, public figures and organizations.
They opposed silencing the Israeli crime by some countries in the region and called on the Arab peoples to organize demonstrations in support of Syria, its army and leadership in the fight against the aggressors.
As the SANA, in protest against Israeli aggression and on the occasion of the Day of the fallen in the SAR, the Syrian community and the office of the Union of Syrian students in collaboration with Russian youth, political and student organizations yesterday held a rally in Moscow.
The participants condemned the Israeli attack on Syria’s facilities and confirmed that this step demonstrates Israel’s complicity in the conspiracy against the SAR and its links with terrorist groups supported by Western countries and the Gulf monarchies.
They expressed solidarity with Syria, its army and leadership in opposing the forces of terror and darkness. They thanked Russia, China and the BRICS countries for supporting justice on the world stage.
In an interview with a SANA correspondent in Moscow, a rally participant, Russian citizen Mikhail Ivanov, said that the Syrian people stand alone against the forces of evil in the world, Syria is protecting all countries of the world from this merciless plague. He expressed confidence that ATS would win, and her victory would be a victory for all freedom-loving nations.
The US administration is silent. The White House considers Israel’s concern over the emergence of new types of weapons at the Lebanese Hezbollah movement justified, but does not comment on reports of the alleged Israeli air force strikes on Syrian territory, reports today correspondent RIA "News" Peter Martynychev.
According to media reports, on Sunday night, the Israeli Air Force bombed a military facility near Damascus, and before that destroyed in Syria the cargo of Iranian missiles intended for Hezbollah. None of the Israeli leaders have publicly confirmed or denied this information.
“I have no comments on these reports ... But the president (US Barack Obama) had previously noted that Israel is quite reasonably concerned about the threat posed to getting to the Hezbollah group of modern weapons. And the president has repeatedly said that Israel, as an independent state, has the right to take the necessary actions to protect its citizens, ”White House spokesman Josh Ernest told reporters.
Syria reserves the right to defend its people and interests by all possible means to prevent a repetition of attacks by Israel, Syrian Deputy Foreign Minister Faisal Mikdad said on Sunday on the Lebanese television channel Al-Manar, controlled by Hezbollah. “Syria will not allow this to happen again, we have the right to protect our people and our interests by all possible means,” said Mikdad.
According to him, the Israeli attack on Syria is caused by the defeats that the Al-Qaeda-related groups in Syria tolerate. "The defeats that al-Qaeda bears in the battles with government forces in Syria have demanded the direct intervention of the patrons of terrorist groups - Israel," comrade Mikdad explained.
According to him, the Israeli air force airstrike on the territory of Syria was also made with the knowledge and with the encouragement of the United States.
Film critics criticized the chemical series. Opposition militants could use chemical weapons in Syria, not government troops, reports today RIA News" with reference to Reuters.
In an interview with the Swiss television and radio corporation Radiotelevisione svizzera, Carla del Ponte, a member of the UN Special Commission to Investigate Human Rights Violations in Syria, stated that based on the data that the members of the commission who visited neighboring countries of Syria received from doctors, victims and employees of field hospitals ", it can be concluded that sarin was used by" the opposition, the rebels, and not the government. "
She further added that the information obtained is not “indisputable evidence”, and the investigation is “far from complete.” Del Ponte did not specify where and when the opposition could use weapons of mass destruction.
As recalled "Lenta.ru"Carla del Ponte is the former Prosecutor General of Switzerland and the Prosecutor of the United Nations International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. Now she is a member of an independent UN commission in charge of investigating human rights abuses in Syria. At the UN, a commission was also created, whose task was to verify reports on the use of chemical substances during the Syrian conflict. weapons. However, the Syrian authorities in early April refused to let the members of this commission onto the country's territory, and its work was in fact paralyzed.
Canada does not want to supply weapons to the Syrian "rebels". Canada opposes the supply of weapons to the Syrian opposition: after all, “radical jihadists” join the detachments of the latter. This was stated yesterday in an interview with the TV "Si-ti-vi" Canadian Foreign Minister John Baird, reports from Ottawa correspondent ITAR-TASS Alexander Pakhomov.
Baird said: “Canada is one of the few Western countries that do not recognize the Syrian opposition. One of the reasons for this is that a significant number of radical extremists from all over the world have joined the opposition forces. ”
The government of the country, according to Byrd, is "growingly alarmed" by an increase in the number of "radical jihadists associated with Al-Qaeda" in the opposition. “To prevent weapons from falling into the hands of these extremists is in the interests of all countries,” he emphasized.
The closed sky of Israel. As the correspondent ITAR-TASS Nikolay Kerzhentsev, airspace over the north of Israel from yesterday closed to civilian flights aviation. The press service of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) said the ban would last several days.
The IDF does not explain the reasons for the decision, but local observers attribute this to the exacerbation of the situation caused by reports of air strikes by the Israeli Air Force on targets in Syria. Earlier, the military deployed two batteries of the Iron Dome missile defense system in the Haifa and Safed areas - cities that Hezbollah shelled during the second Lebanese war in 2006.
The Haifa authorities are also increasing their level of preparedness in the field of civil defense. Together with the Office for the Protection of Logistics in the third largest city of Israel, bomb shelters and coordination points are being opened.
Shooting in Cairo. Unidentified persons opened fire on the convoy of Hisham Kandil, the Egyptian Prime Minister, the Al Arabya television channel reported on Monday in a microblog on Twitter, it reports RIA News".
According to the Associated Press, in Cairo, a pickup truck approached a motorcade of three cars at high speed, after which the premier’s security fired warning shots into the air. People in the pickup truck opened fire. In the pickup were five armed men.
Kandil was not injured. The police detained the shooters. They said they did not know that the prime minister was in one of the cars.
According to police, armed men hurried to leave the place of the previous conflict. No details about it.
Joy in Tripoli. Libyan General National Congress adopted a law according to which the former functionaries of the times of Colonel Gaddafi can not occupy key posts in state bodies of the country. The demand of armed revolutionaries was met, previously blocking the buildings of several ministries in protest. Hearing such news, militants staged a firing in Tripoli in the air, transmit "Vesti" with reference to ITAR-TASS.
Because of the new decision, many prominent political figures will be deprived of their posts, including the chairman of the WOC Mohammed Yousef al-Magaref.
In Munich, began the trial of right-wing terrorists. Munich's Supreme Land Court begins the largest in post-war stories Germany, the trial of the right-wing terrorists In the dock, writes correspondent RIA "News" Semyon Nekhoroshkin, five people: 38-year-old Beate Chepe, one of the key figures in the neo-Nazi group "National Socialist Underground", and her four associates.
The neo-Nazi group, founded in 1998, consisted of three people: in addition to Chepe, it included Uwe Mundloz and Uwe Benhardt. Both committed suicide in November 2011. On the account of the grouping the murder of nine migrants - eight Turks and one native of Greece - and one police officer, as well as a number of robberies.
According to the indictment, Chepe did not kill anyone. And yet she will be judged not only for aiding, but also for murder: without her, these crimes would have been impossible. In the grouping, she was engaged in organizational work, rented cars, provided her accomplices with false documents and weapons.
Therefore, Chepe faces life imprisonment without the right to early release.
The remaining defendants, according to the prosecution, provided assistance to the terrorists. The names of the alleged criminals were not disclosed. Some information is only about one of them - 38-year-old Ralph Vollebene. Previously, he was a functionary of an ultra-right branch of the National Democratic Party.
Corr. RIA "Novosti" clarifies that the process began almost three weeks later than planned. This was due to the revision of the issue of distribution of seats for the press: Turkish media did not receive any accreditations from 50, although most of the victims of terrorists came from Turkey. This caused a big scandal. As a result, a number of the largest German publications, including Welt and Zeit, lost their places, and foreign media received accreditation.
Tens of tons of hashish in Spain. Spanish law enforcement agencies seized about 52 tons of hashish in the city of Cordoba, according to EFE, reports correspondent RIA "News" Sergey Sarymov.
This is the largest batch of drugs ever discovered in Spain. Their market value may be 100 million euros.
Corr. RIA Novosti recalls that two days ago, as a result of a special operation, the police seized 32 tons of hashish.
France protests against the disastrous policy of Hollande. As 5 passed on May correspondent ITAR-TASS Sergey Shcherbakov, opponents of legalization of same-sex marriages in France held on Sunday demonstrations throughout the country. At least 15 thousand people went to the streets of Paris. The protest marches were held in Dijon, Lille, Lyon, Montpellier, Rennes, Strasbourg, Toulouse.
The leader of the protest movement Freezhid Barzho said: “We do not lose hope that the bill will not be signed by the president. Such examples have already been in the history of the Fifth Republic. ”
"The French need a job, not same-sex marriage," the participants of the demonstrations chanted, hinting at a rise in unemployment in the country.
Demonstrations of the extreme leftists led by former presidential candidate Jean-Luc Melenchon were also held in Paris. In 2012, he dropped out of the campaign marathon in the first round, but supported Hollande in the second. Now Melanshon criticizes Hollande’s political course.
According to the former candidate, “the changes promised by the president have not come.” “We demand that the government accelerate the pace of reforms and abandon the austerity policy that is detrimental to the rank and file French,” said Melanshon. At least 30 thousand people took part in the procession of the communists and the left opposition supporters who joined them, reports the correspondent. ITAR-TASS.
The first anniversary of the reign of Hollande. Corr. RIA "News" Daniel Nizamutdinov spoke about the situation in which French President Francois Hollande celebrates the first anniversary of election victory. Its holiday components: a record low rating of the head of state, deceived expectations of voters, scandals in the government, a split in society because of the law on same-sex marriage.
Hollande came to power under the slogan “Change now”, but a year later, citizens who were really expecting a change were disappointed in their elect: according to polls, 74 is dissatisfied with them,% of respondents is an absolute record in the modern history of the country.
According to two of the four newest polls, if the elections were held today, Hollande would have flown out in the first round, losing not only to Sarkozy, but also to Marine Le Pen. In the third survey, Hollande and Le Pen finished with one result.
Before the election, Hollande promised that in 2013, France would fulfill its obligations to the EU and reduce the budget deficit to a 3% bar. Yes, that's just according to the latest forecasts of the European Commission, the French budget deficit in 2013 will reach 3,9% in the year, in 2014 - 4,2%. In 2013, France may face a recession: the country's economy will shrink by 0,1%. The level of public debt will also increase - up to 94,0% of GDP in 2013 and up to 96,2% of GDP in 2014.
Hollande’s next promise is to reverse the unemployment curve by the end of 2013. But here everything is awry. In the spring, the number of unemployed in France reached a historic high of 3,2 million people. According to experts of the European Commission, by the end of the year this figure will stabilize for a short time, making 10,6% of the working-age population, but in the 2014 year it will grow again - up to 10,9%.
Success Hollande achieved only ... in the adoption of the law on same-sex marriage.
However, the adoption of this law has split the society. People who are not ready to put up with the fact that homosexuals will have the right to adopt children, and other opponents of the law "marriage for all" bring thousands of protesters to the streets.
In Britain, they decided to instill in children a love of pornography. Melani Hell and Graham Paton ("The Telegraph"; source of translation - Mixednews.ru) told about the active discussion in the country of questions about the content of the school program in the field of sex education.
Experts in the field of education are inclined to believe that pornography is not an absolute evil.
In the UK, sex education lessons are not included in the list of compulsory program subjects approved by the Ministry of Education, and therefore each school is free to develop its own program on the subject.
The public association “Sex Education Forum”, which includes representatives of public and state organizations, decided to help schools in the development of an appropriate program. A few days ago it published the first issue of a network publication devoted to the issues of sex education of children - in particular, the question of how to most correctly present children with a “controversial phenomenon,” that is, pornography.
Special attention is attracted by the statement that “pornography can be assessed differently, not necessarily only“ negatively ”. The online edition offers different lesson ideas for each age group.
Five-year-old schoolchildren, for example, are supposed to tell how retouching photos in the media distorts the perception of the appearance of the human body.
With students 14 years and older are invited to discuss issues of "real" and "fictional" behavior in porn movies.
“It seems that the purpose of this publication is to destroy the faith of children and young people in absolute moral values and to create the impression that there is no bad and good in the sphere of sexual behavior. Most parents will be horrified when they find out that their children are going to talk about pornography in this way, said a representative of the Family Education Foundation, another public organization.
Venezuelan Ministry of Internal Affairs will fight crime by army forces. The Venezuelan government will deploy army units to fight crime, Interior Minister Miguel Rodriguez said yesterday, reports correspondent RIA "News" Dmitry Znamensky.
"It will be an important tool in ensuring the tranquility of citizens, the use of the military is such a power that will help to quickly reduce crime rates," says local television comrade Rodriguez.
Experts note that at this step the authorities of the country prompted an emergency situation with crime. According to official data, for 2012 a year the number of murders increased by 14%, exceeding 16 thousands. Calculated on the 100 of thousands of people, this figure is 54 killing. Independent observers cite other data: “Observatorio Venezolano de Violencia” published a report according to which almost 2012 thousand murders were committed in Venezuela in 21,7 year (73 murders per 100 thousand inhabitants).
Venezuela has probably decided to take the example of the former Mexican President Felipe Calderon, who in 2006 declared war on organized crime and used an army against the drug mafia. Calderon managed to catch or destroy more than half of the criminal leaders of the country.
Forty six percent. In Venezuela, an additional test began 46% of the votes cast in the presidential election. The check will last until June 4, transmits "Voice of Russia" with reference to RIA "News".
350 voting boxes will be checked every day. Their total number will be 10,5 thousands.
Opposition leader E. Capriles first agreed to check the ballot boxes, and later refused to send opposition representatives to this procedure. In his opinion, it is necessary to check not only the ballots themselves, but also the voting protocols, otherwise the process loses its meaning.
Golos Rossii reminds us that in the last 14 of April elections, 50,61% of voters voted for Nicolas Maduro, for its main rival Capriles - 49,12%. The opposition did not recognize the voting results, accusing the authorities of fraud, and filed a protest to the Supreme Court of the country.
Interestingly, during his visit to Mexico City, US President Barack Obama said in an interview with the TV channel Univision that the people of Venezuela are able to decide their own fate in the election of the head of state - without the use of practices that have long been rejected by most of Latin America.
Obama stressed that "the Venezuelan people must elect their leaders during legitimate elections." According to B. Obama, there is evidence that Venezuela regarding elections does not comply with the basic principles of human rights, democracy, freedom of the media and assembly. At the same time, the head of the United States avoided answering the question of whether he recognized Maduro as the legitimate president of Venezuela.
But Comrade Maduro has repeatedly stated that the United States was involved in attempts to destabilize the situation in the country.
Islamist riots in Bangladesh. The victims of the clashes between the police and opposition supporters, which occurred yesterday in the capital of Bangladesh, were ten people, even more than a hundred were injured, report "Vesti" with reference to ITAR-TASS. (As reported later RIA News" with reference to France Press, the victims of the clashes of radical Islamists and police in Bangladesh were already 22 people, and about 100 injured).
Nearly two hundred thousand people took to the streets to hold demonstrations against the latest court sentences accused of war crimes. They blocked traffic on almost all highways. The angry protesters set fire to the police station, shops and many cars.
The guards used rubber truncheons and shotguns firing plastic bullets. Eyewitnesses, reports "France-Press", claim that the police fired from service firearms.
The bodies of the three victims were taken to the capital medical college, the rest - in two private clinics. Six received gunshot wounds to the head, an employee at a hospital said.
The clashes with the police, reminiscent of "News", were provoked in Dhaka by activists of the largest Islamist party, Jamaat Islami, which has been holding protests since the beginning of February. They began after one of the party’s leaders, Abdul Kader, was convicted to life imprisonment for war crimes. A further increase in protests caused the death sentence Sayedi.
Sino-Indian warming. Yesterday, India and China simultaneously withdrew their troops from a disputed territory in the Himalayas, reports "Lenta.ru" with reference to Reuters. The decision on the withdrawal of troops, a source in the Indian Army told the agency, was made at a meeting of commanders of border detachments.
Indian military personnel moved a kilometer inland from the position they occupied from 16 April. The Chinese military also left the position they occupied from April 15, but how far they have moved away from the conventional line of the border is not yet known. The Indian side had previously stated that the Chinese military had deepened into its territory by 19 kilometers.
As Lenta recalled, on April 15 India announced that around 30 Chinese soldiers had set up camp in the highland region of Ladakh (northeast of Jammu and Kashmir). 16 numbers camp a hundred meters from the Chinese Indian soldiers broke.
Ladakh is actually divided between India and China, but there is no clear border line. India claimed that the Chinese military invaded its territory, China, in turn, declared that its military did not formally cross the border.
The incident in the area caused a wide resonance in Indian society, allowing the opposition to draw parallels with the Indo-Chinese war 1962 that began with the border conflict, in which China won.
The mountain forest fleet of Bolivia wants to go to sea. Ivan Yakovina ("Lenta.ru") spoke about the maritime initiatives of Evo Morales.
Bolivia - a country that has a naval force, but no access to the sea, announced its intention to appeal to the International Court of Justice. The defendant in the claim will be Chile.
The main base of the naval forces of Bolivia is located on the shores of the mountain lake Titicaca - at an altitude of 3800 meters above sea level and in 300 kilometers from the nearest coast. The bases are smaller in the selva along the banks of the Amazonia rivers.
Naval the paradox became a symbol of the national Bolivian dream - the return of the status of a sea power, which she possessed until the end of the XIX century. It was then that the coastal provinces were forced to transfer Chile. This happened as a result of the struggle for decomposed bird droppings (guano).
Chileans took over with their modern fleet. By 1883, the fighting was over. Under the terms of the truce, Peru and Bolivia lost rich guano provinces. In 1904, the truce turned into a permanent peace treaty. According to this document, Bolivia forever renounced claims to coastal lands, ceasing to be a maritime power. In exchange, the Chileans agreed to build a railway linking La Paz with one of their Pacific ports, and to ensure the unrestricted use of this route by Bolivians.
President Evo Morales caught up with the marine theme with great enthusiasm. According to his calculations, any country without a piece of the coast is doomed to poverty. The government has prepared a lawsuit in the International Court of Justice in The Hague. Bolivians are asking to recognize the 1904 agreement of the year as unfair and to review the results of the war that happened more than a hundred years ago. They will push that Chile won in the war of conquest, and the results of the Bolivian agreement were imposed by force.
Chileans do not respond to an invitation to court.
Park Geun-hye will talk with Obama. South Korean President Park Geun-hye arrived in the US for talks with President Barack Obama on the DPRK's nuclear program, said RIA Novosti correspondent Daria Krutova with reference to the agency "Renhap".
The United States was the first country that Park Geun-hye visited since taking office in February. According to Secretary of State for International Affairs and National Security Ju Chul Ki, the head of South Korea has high hopes for this trip, which is aimed at strengthening "future allied relations."
The heads of state will discuss the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and other issues related to the DPRK. “We hope to achieve a termination of the North’s nuclear programs and to enlist US support in the main areas of our policy, including the“ trusting process ”on the Korean Peninsula,” said Ju Chul Guy.
South Korea’s policy of “trusting the process” implies an approach in which Seoul undertakes to strictly react to Pyongyang’s provocative actions, while at the same time encouraging North Korea to engage in dialogue and reduce tensions.
The presidential secretary also said that Park Geun-hye is planning to return to the issue of the peaceful atom. Earlier in April, Seoul was unable to obtain Washington’s permission to enrich uranium and reprocess spent nuclear fuel.
RIA Novosti political analyst Dmitry Kosyrev says:
“It was clear that from the very beginning all the extreme actions of Pyongyang that began this spring were aimed at persuading the South (and the US) to negotiate with specific methods. Moreover, Southerners understand this better than others, and they are quite ready to talk. Moreover, they took the first step. The current message of the North is a response to the offer of South Korean President Madame Pak Geun-hye about the start of negotiations. And this is the answer, in which, if you translate it from the colorful North Korean language, there is logic. Although there are overstated claims. But at first, in any trade, this is exactly what happens: it is necessary to request more, knowing that you will not receive everything anyway. ”
Today launched antisubmarine exercises of the US Navy and South Korea. As transmits correspondent ITAR-TASS Vasily Golovninreferring to military sources in Seoul, anti-submarine exercises in the Yellow Sea, which can cause a tough reaction from the DPRK, launched the US Navy and South Korea. Joint training will last until Friday.
In the maneuvers involved US nuclear submarine class "Los Angeles", warships and anti-submarine aircraft of the US Navy. The combined detachment of warships, submarines and aircraft is connected to the South Korean side. The exact number of forces involved is not reported.
There are reports that the US Navy strike group led by the Nimitz nuclear aircraft carrier can be sent to the exercises. The Ministry of Defense of South Korea does not confirm this data yet.
To arms, brothers! Judging by the results of a poll published last week by the University of Fairleigh Dickenson, three out of ten registered American voters believe that in the next few years there will be a need for an armed rebellion, reports Mixednews.ru with reference to tpmdc.talkingpointsmemo.com.
Among other things, the results of the study showed that 29% of Americans agree with the statement: "In the next few years, an armed revolution may be necessary to protect our rights and freedoms." Another 5% found it difficult to answer.
The poll, which ran from 22 to 28 in April, was conducted among 863 randomly selected registered voters across the country.
Joe vs Hillary? US Vice President Joseph Biden will fight in 2016 for the top government post in the country and will compete with Hillary Clinton. ABBC’s former governor of New Mexico Bill Richardson said this yesterday, according to correspondent ITAR-TASS Ivan Lebedev.
Mr. Richardson said: “I think that Joe Biden will not give up. I think that he will stand as a candidate. Hillary Clinton would be great, there is no doubt about it. But I know Biden for many years. He is one of those who always wanted to become president, and he knows how to pursue his own. ”
Corr. RIA "Novosti" recalls that earlier 70-year-old Biden already nominated his candidacy for the presidency of the United States from the Democratic Party, but at the stage of primaries in 2008, he lost to Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton. A little later, Obama invited an experienced senator as a partner in the election campaign and together with him defeated John McCain and Sarah Palin. Last year, a bunch of Obama-Biden repeated success in rivalry with Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan.
As for the election of 2016 of the year, Biden has not yet spoken on this subject. Keeps the intrigue and Hillary Clinton.
Four Russia? Angelina Davydova in the article “Why Russians Cannot Create Opposition” ("Frankfurter Rundschau", Germany; source of translation - "InoSMI") writes that Russian society is divided into groups whose representatives share only a small number of values, plans and expectations. This is what prevents the protest movement from achieving success in the fight against the "current rulers."
“... And although the protest potential still remains large, a bitter realization arises that the movement has stalled. Therefore, it is time to talk about the structures of the population and their contradictions. Natalia Zubarevich, director of the regional programs of the Independent Institute for Social Policy, believes that at the present time we should speak of at least four parallel existing Russian societies that use the same language, but they do not have much in common with each other ... ”
The first group, according to the article, is creative (they are “furious”) citizens, who make up about one fifth of the total population of the country. Who is here?
Employees of offices, small and medium entrepreneurs, representatives of the so-called. “Creative class”, qualified specialists from poorly paid industries (education and health care are included here), and in addition people from academia and academia.
The first and most important source of information for them is the Internet. Most of them are able to adapt to social and economic changes. They are increasingly unhappy with the increasing scale of corruption, lack of investment and the lack of more attractive job offers.
Approximately 25% of the Russian population, the group that is distinguished by lower mobility and competitiveness, can be found in medium-sized industrial cities. People from this “Russia II” mainly work in large and economically inefficient enterprises. They are leading a grueling struggle for their jobs and social rights, almost defenseless in the face of economic change. “Russia II,” the article says, is susceptible to the effects of any kind of promise of quick changes and improved quality of life.
Russia III already covers 38% of the country's population living in small cities, villages and villages. First of all, they live by what the earth gives. "Russia III" is largely divorced from Moscow. These people consider themselves far from politics, they have low protest potential, which can increase only if their economic situation worsens, that is, pensions and wages will not be paid at all or it will be done irregularly, the author writes.
“Russia IV” is the population of the ethnic republics of the North Caucasus and southern Siberia, Angelina Davydova points out. The life of these people depends on the conflicts of the “local ruling clans”, on the constant redistribution of power, as well as on clashes of an ethnic and religious nature. For Russia IV, stability is relatively less important, because this segment relies on regular government assistance and investment.
According to Natalia Zubarevich, there is little in common between these four groups in terms of values, expectations, or desirable plans for the future. In addition, they are almost not related to each other on a network basis.
It is a strong trend regarding the use of social networks can have a negative impact on the protest movement. In a sense, Russian society falls into two parts: the post-Soviet society and the “2.0 web society”.
In Russia, the author sums up, a deep digital divide manifests itself. Institutional structures and representatives of civil society are poorly prepared, and social networks do not realize communication opportunities. The digital divide contributes to the split of society. Various groups of the population almost do not meet and do not develop mechanisms for solving problems.
Putin, Medvedev and others are among the most influential people in the world. Twenty-three Russian politicians and managers of large businesses in the Russian Federation are included in the list of the most influential people in the world from 500 names, which is published in “Foreign Policy” "Voice of Russia" with reference to RIA "News".
Russians include 23: President Vladimir Putin, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, Chief of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces Valery Gerasimov, Head of the Bank of Russia Sergey Ignatiev, Secretary of the Russian Security Council Nikolai Patrushev, Director of the FSB Alexander Bortnikov, Director of the Foreign Intelligence Service Mikhail Fradkov, Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin.
Representatives of large businesses, including Alexey Miller, head of Gazprom, Vagit Alekperov, head of LUKoil, Igor Sechin, president of Rosneft, Igor Fridman, co-owner of Alpha, Vladimir Potanin, head of Interros holding, billionaire Alisher Usmanov, were included in the list. other. Along with them, the list also includes Semen Mogilevich (also known as Sergei Schneider), included by the FBI in the list of the “most wanted criminals”.
Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
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- especially for topwar.ru