15 is over the years since an agreement was signed in the not-so-famous American town of Dayton that put an end to one of the phases of the Balkan crisis. It was called “On a cease-fire, division of the warring parties and the separation of territories” and is officially considered the document that ended the 1992 – 1995 civil war in the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. But in Europe this anniversary was not particularly noticed - maybe because Dayton is no longer very important for the current structure of the continent, since it played its role.
The true meaning of Dayton, as it is becoming increasingly clear today, was not at all the establishment of peace in the Balkans, but the transfer of the former socialist countries of Eastern Europe under the control of the United States and NATO. And following the Dayton Agreement, it was not peace that followed, but NATO’s direct military aggression against Serbia, separation from that country of Kosovo and the establishment of a quasi-sovereign gangster state on Kosovo’s territory. And then - the appearance in the Balkans of two American military bases at once - in Kosovo and Macedonia, that is, where they could not appear under any circumstances during the time of Yugoslavia.
Before the collapse of the union Yugoslavia, which began in the 90s, this country was one of the most economically developed countries in Europe, competing with Germany and France. With a population of 24 million people, the SFRY had developed ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, powerful agriculture, had huge reserves of chromium, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, antimony, mercury. Tens of the largest ports on the Adriatic allowed Yugoslavia to trade with the whole world, and its armed forces were the fourth in Europe - after the USSR, France and Great Britain.
After a decade and a half since the signing of the Dayton Accords, many understand that the desire of the West and NATO to take part in the defeat of Yugoslavia was their desire to destroy the entire post-war world order. A world in which order was largely determined by the balance of forces in the East and the West, the authority of the UN, the influence of the Soviet Union and the group of socialist countries, the leader of which was the USSR. The collapse of the USSR, which began with Gorbachev's perestroika, led to the collapse of Yugoslavia, becoming the main step on the road to global restructuring, in which the United States would play a dominant role.
Yugoslavia, in the republics of which at the beginning of the 90s, nationalist forces were sharply and simultaneously activated, approached the role of a catalyst for these processes as well as possible. Despite all its economic and military power, it consisted of national formations that could be opposed and dismembered. At the same time, the SFRY was the only truly serious military ally of the USSR and Russia, it was the only European country not subject to the dictates of the United States and NATO. Therefore, its destruction by the combined efforts of the NATO countries would clearly show all countries how dangerous it is to oppose the will of the North Atlantic bloc.
Then, in Yugoslavia, the West for the first time tested a method for the accelerated collapse of multinational sovereign states. One of its main tools was the accelerated recognition of certain subjects still living and existing federation as independent countries. For example, Germany acted, unilaterally recognizing the independence of Croatia, when it was still formally part of the non-dissolved SFRY. At the same time, in violation of international law, the Federal Republic of Germany began supplying the huge Croatian parties to the territorial Croatian army weapons, which went to her from the arsenals of the People’s Army of the GDR. It is these weapons (primarily Tanks), made in Soviet military factories, were used by the Croats in 1995 during two bloody offensive operations, when the 70th Croatian army defeated 15 militia of the Republic of Serbian Krajina. The operations that the Croats conducted in agreement with NATO were called Blisak and Oluya (Lightning and Storm); their result was the death of hundreds of Serbs and the emergence in Yugoslavia of 000 Serbian refugees.
Another way to accelerate the recognition of the subjects of the national federation as independent states was the active intervention of various “independent observers” and international and non-governmental organizations in the negotiations of the government of the SFRY and individual republics. The purpose of such intervention looked quite noble: to achieve peace with the help of “independent” international mediators. In fact, Western mediators usually forced the Serbs to accept losing results for themselves — by imposing on them ready-made options developed by NATO, isolating Serbian delegations from other negotiating partners, by setting a specially short time frame for negotiating. In the meantime, the European media kept saying: everyone knows that the Serbs and Slobodan Milosevic as the head of Yugoslavia are guilty of the war, and therefore the failure of the negotiations will turn into a punishment for Belgrade in the form of NATO bombings.
At the same time, the West rather cynically used Russia for its own purposes, forcing its leadership to twist the hands of the Yugoslavs, as did the former Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, Viktor Chernomyrdin. Although the Russian battalions were part of the UN peacekeeping contingent in Bosnia and Herzegovina, they played almost no role there in protecting the Serbs from the arbitrariness of Muslims and, in fact, sometimes helped NATO suppress the resistance of the Serbs. And, as is now known, the NATO "peacekeepers" in Bosnia and Herzegovina regularly opened fire on or aimed at Serbian positions Aviation NATO, and also often concealed the crimes of the Bosnian military or blamed the Serbs on them.
Today it should be recognized that in the years of the Balkan crisis, the Russian leadership did not understand its meaning at all for changing the balance of power in the world in favor of the United States and NATO, for eliminating Moscow from the center of world politics. The inability and inability of the leaders of the Russian Federation to predict the development of the Balkan events, the reluctance to use their real influence in the UN, the lack of independence of foreign policy and the desire to please the “Western partners” today led to a new configuration of Europe and the world, which is much more hostile and inconvenient for our country.
Thus, in the 90-s with the connivance of Russia and even with it, Yugoslavia was destroyed - the only military and economic ally in Eastern Europe ideologically and ideologically close to our country. By eliminating 1995 from participating in solving the Balkan crisis, Russia allowed its NATO opponents to play a major role in the Balkans. And at the same time destroy the former unity of the Slavic Orthodox states of Europe - Serbia, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Ukraine.
According to one of the largest Russian specialists in the Balkans, Elena Guskova, in 90-s, Russian diplomacy “was distinguished by inconsistency, dishonesty, negligence, bordering a crime. We didn’t want to cooperate with S. Milosevic, linked our participation in the settlement of the Yugoslav crisis with the power system in Yugoslavia, demanding the departure of the “national-Bolsheviks” and their leader (in 1992), then we loved him so much that only with Belgrade ... We put our signature on all the resolutions of the Security Council on toughening the sanctions, while we ourselves assured the Yugoslav leadership of painstaking efforts to lift them; we twisted Belgrade’s hands, demanding constant concessions from him, and did not fulfill these promises; we threatened to prevent bombing of Serbian positions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, but did not do anything to prevent it; we acted as guarantors of the Dayton Peace Accords, while we ourselves left Bosnia to the mercy of NATO representatives; we complained about the fascist methods of dealing with the Serbian population in Croatia and presented F.Tudjman (the leader of the Croats. - Approx. KM.RU) with the order of Marshal Zhukov. And finally, we condemned NATO’s aggression in Yugoslavia, and not only did they not help, but in the most blatant manner, with the help of Chernomyrdin, forced her to accept the harshest conditions of surrender, voted for such Security Council resolutions, after which Kosovo is difficult to keep as part of Yugoslavia. ”
Today, the Dayton Agreement, the outcome of which was the emergence of an autonomous Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina and still its existence as a subject of international law, no longer suits NATO and the United States. Therefore, they are calling for a revision of the results of Dayton and the destruction of the last remnants of the Serbian statehood in Bosnia. At the same time, the Republika Srpska is regarded as a “state of atavism“ outdated ”and unnecessary for Bosnia and Herzegovina with the prospect of further dissolution of the Orthodox Serbs in the mass of the Bosnian Muslim population.
Over the past 15 years, our Western "partners" have already managed to do a lot in the Balkans. Montenegro has already been rejected from the former Allied Yugoslavia, which has become an independent state; The Serbian region has been torn away from Serbia, which has turned into an uncontrollable “black hole” of Europe, where hundreds of millions of euros of foreign aid fail every year. The next step is to separate from Serbia and Vojvodina, where, according to NATO propaganda, ethnic Serbs allegedly oppress ethnic Hungarians (that is, repetition of the Kosovo scenario).
And for Russia, its foreign policy miscalculations in the Balkans turned out to be a violation of the common world order, where it played an important role. As well as the previous primacy of international law, the leading role of the UN in resolving international conflicts are violated. Yes, Russia is part of the UN Security Council, which is officially the main platform for solving world problems, but after the partition of Yugoslavia, the UN is no longer considered the main factor for peacekeeping: it was actually replaced by the North Atlantic Alliance.
After the Balkan crisis, Russia is slowly but surely being ousted from all former areas of its vital interests in Eastern Europe and even Central Asia: the security of the countries in these regions is already declared the concern of the United States and NATO. Moreover, in the recently published US National Security Strategy, it is even written that the US Armed Forces "are called upon to protect democracy on a planetary scale, including democratic processes in Russia." Naturally, with active participation in solving our internal problems and the normalization of relations between Moscow and the national republics of the Russian Federation through "international mediators", "international observers" and specialists in the protection of "human rights" in our country.
It should be remembered that Zbigniew Brzezinski once planned for the further collapse of the Russian Federation into three parts, which would be controlled by the United States, China and Europe. And former US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright somehow dropped a very meaningful phrase that Siberia is too big to belong to just one country ...
Dayton: the invisible anniversary
- Andrey Nikolaev
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