Psychological warfare. How the Germans stormed the "Holland Fortress"

Psychological warfare. How the Germans stormed the "Holland Fortress"

Rotterdam after the German bombardment


Blitzkrieg in the West. Hitler withdrew the countries of Western Europe from the game with one blow. At the same time, the strategy of psychological lightning war was used, when the enemy himself surrendered, although he had the resources and forces for serious and long-term resistance.

"Fortress Holland"


Since the end of 1939, the Abwehr, together with the propaganda department of the ground forces, waged an unprecedented information war against the Allies. Hundreds of thousands of leaflets were dumped on parts of the French army. Radio stations were entertaining and demoralizing programs. A similar situation was in Belgium.

Holland until the May invasion of 1940 lived generally calmly. The authorities and the people were holy and it was not clear why they were confident in their “neutrality." They believed that the war would bypass Holland. Although even in Holland disturbing rumors began to circulate about the ubiquitous German agents. The invasion of Norway forced the Dutch authorities to strengthen the protection of airfields and even partially plow the runways, so that the Germans could not put transporters with landing on them. An official package with documents was also found, which was addressed to Berlin. On some documents was the signature of Otto Butting, attaché of the German embassy. The documents described in detail the fortifications of the Dutch army, airfields, outposts on the roads, etc. Butting was escorted from Holland, accused of espionage.

On April 17, Amsterdam introduced a state of emergency in the country. Many pro-Nazi war figures were arrested. Preparations began to repel the invasion. Following the example of the Danish-Norwegian operation, the Dutch learned a lot about the enemy. However, this could not save the country.


Dutch soldiers and civilians at the downed German transport aircraft Yu-52


Dutch soldiers hide behind trucks from German shelling on the embankment of the Meuse River


Four German paratroopers wave their hands to a flying bomber Yu-87

For the Fuhrer, who planned to crush France and withdraw Britain from the war, the occupation of the Netherlands and Belgium was a vital task. Back in May 1939, at a military meeting, Hitler said that it was necessary to seize a number of key positions in Holland in order to ensure the actions of the Luftwaffe (Air Force). Hitler also needed to capture the northwestern countries in order to secure the northern flank of the Western Front. Protect Northern Germany from the invasion of the Anglo-French forces. Also, the German army needed a bridgehead for the invasion of France, bypassing the Maginot Line and the base for the Navy and Air Force for operations against Britain.

It seemed that the task was relatively easy. The Dutch army was small: 8 infantry divisions, one mechanized division, three combined brigades, plus border units (in total, up to 10 combined divisions, 280 thousand people). But the matter was difficult, the strength of the Dutch troops was in numerous water barriers. Holland was called a "fortress" because of the numerous rivers, canals, bridges, dams, dams and locks that covered the country with a dense network. If you blow up bridges, destroy dams, open locks, then not German Tanks, nor the infantry could not break through quickly. And the central part of Holland - Amsterdam, Utrecht, Rotterdam and Dordrecht, was well fortified. Next was a line of water obstacles that defended the Hague. The explosion of bridges on the river Meuse will break the blitzkrieg. In addition, the enemy was waiting for the repetition of 1914 (Schlieffen's plan), that is, the breakthrough of the German divisions through the Netherlands and Belgium. On the Belgian border with were concentrated the best formations that were to enter Belgium as soon as the Germans launched the offensive.

Thus, the task was challenging. Conventional methods could drag out the war for weeks or more. A protracted war is a disaster for Germany. The German generals were horrified by this prospect. All military, material and economic calculations were against the Reich. Therefore, the German generals made up not one conspiracy against Hitler before the blitzkrieg in the West, until they believed in his "star".


How did you take the Netherlands


Hitler was not only a brilliant statesman, but also a commander. While his commanders thought in traditional patterns, the Fuhrer put forward a number of innovations that led to a quick victory. He came up with to dress up volunteer squads in the form of the Dutch military police and railway workers, they were to quickly seize bridges and open the way for tanks. The Führer also decided to maximize the capabilities of the airborne troops - two divisions, throwing paratroopers in the heart of Holland - at Amsterdam and The Hague. For this operation, the 22nd General Sponeck Infantry Division, trained and equipped as an air-landing division, and the 7th Airborne Division of General Student were assigned. Just like in Norway, paratroopers and landing troops had to take the most important airfields from The Hague, and then break into the city itself, capture the government, the queen and the top military leadership.

At the same time, a swift rush of infantry divisions into the center of Holland was worked out. In Holland, the forces of the 18th Kühler army attacked - 9 infantry, one panzer and one cavalry division. The 6th Army of Reichenau operated in the southern part of Holland and was supposed to oppose the Belgian and French troops, its participation in the capture of the Netherlands was minimal. To prevent the movement of infantry and tanks anywhere to stall, the Germans planned several operations by special forces to capture bridges across rivers and canals. So, one detachment of scouts aimed at capturing bridges across the river. Issel in the Arnhem area, other groups - on bridges over the Maas-Waal canal, through Juliana-canal in Limburg, on bridges over the Meuse in the section from Mook to Maastricht. The Germans also planned to take important bridges in the city of Nijmegen, sending there disguised shooters on a barge. Four German armored trains were supposed to support the capture groups, immediately advancing to the captured objects. Next, it was necessary to develop an attack on The Hague, take the bridges from Murdeyk, Dordrecht and Rotterdam.

Thus, a feature of the Dutch operation was the active participation of special forces. Hitler had few special forces at that time - about 1 thousand soldiers. Among them were the Dutch, devoted to the ideas of Nazism. The Dutch Nazis also had their assault squads, which were called "sports clubs." It was, though not numerous, but a real “fifth column”. Members of the "sports clubs" received special training in camps in Germany. On May 9, 1940, these detachments secretly left their places of basing and at night advanced to their goals. They were dressed in Dutch police, railway and military uniforms.

On May 10, 1940, the German offensive operation began. The blow was simultaneously delivered in the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg. At the very beginning of the operation, the Germans attacked bridges on the Meuse River and across the Meuse-Waal Canal. For example, on May 9, 1940, at 23 p.m., German soldiers from the 30th Special Forces Battalion were able to secretly go to the bridge over the river. Meuse in Holland near the city of Gennep. Several commandos were in Dutch uniform and allegedly led German prisoners. They calmly ended up at an important facility, killed or captivated the guards, and ensured a quiet passage of troops. The bridge passed a German armored train, followed by a train with troops. The Germans poured into the gap, which led to the fall of the first line of defense of the Dutch army on the Meuse River and the IJssel Canal.

To the south, the Germans were able to block the bridge at Roermond, and took the city itself. They were in train uniform. Reich special forces were able to capture important bridges and crossings on the Belgian-Dutch border, the Scheldt tunnel under Antwerp. Special forces from the 800th Brandenburg Special Purpose Battalion captured bridges across the Julian Canal. There have been failures. So, a special forces group could not capture the bridge at Arnhem. The rush in preparation for the operation affected. They got the Dutch military uniform, but there weren’t enough helmets. They made an imitation, but rude. This gave them away. The 3rd company of the 800th battalion unsuccessfully attacked the crossings at Maastricht. The Germans were dressed in the form of the Dutch mounted and military police, but failed to catch the guard by surprise. The Dutch managed to blow up bridges.

As a result, the bold, albeit often unsuccessful actions of reconnaissance and sabotage groups caused a great psychological effect. All of Holland was struck by rumors of thousands of German saboteurs who were dressed in Dutch uniforms or civilian clothes. Like, the Nazis are already teeming with the country, sowing death and chaos. Allegedly they disguise themselves as peasants, postmen and priests. Panic swept over Holland, and this fear spread to other countries. Although the dressed-up special forces soldiers acted only at the border and there were few of them.

Mass arrests of all suspects began in the country. At first, 1500 German nationals and 800 members of the Dutch Nazi Party "closed" in a democratic country. The Commander-in-Chief of the Dutch Army, General Winkelmann, ordered all German citizens and immigrants from Germany to sit at home. Tens of thousands of people, including political migrants and Jewish refugees, fell under this order. For mass arrests, special police groups and internment camps were created. Arrests were also carried out by people without authority, soldiers, officers, burgomasteres, simply overly vigilant citizens. So, in Amsterdam, where it was planned to drive 800 people to an internment camp, 6 thousand were arrested. “Good Old Holland” went crazy.


German cavalry on the march in southern Holland


German soldiers cross the river in southern Holland


Motorcyclists of the SS Strengthening Division at the Town Hall of the Dutch city of Haarlem


German armored train number 1, off the track due to undermining of the railway. Panzerzug 1 - one of the seven armored trains that were in service with the Wehrmacht by May 1940. The armored train did not have heavy weapons. On the day the Dutch operation began, May 10, 1940, moving ahead of the train with soldiers of the 481st Wehrmacht infantry regiment, an armored train crossed the Dutch border in the vicinity of Mill. Moving on the territory of the enemy, after some time he was shot at by the Dutch troops who recovered themselves and got hit by a locomotive. The armored train stopped for repairs, and the soldiers of the 481st regiment landed from the train and entered the battle, displacing the Dutch from the surrounding area. After the emergency repair was over, the commander of the armored train gave the order to move in the opposite direction, to join the main forces, not knowing that the Dutch intercepted the railway and mined the canvas near the border. Approaching the border, the armored train blew up and went off the rails. The situation was complicated by the fact that the train immediately opened fire from the border fortifications secretly occupied by the Dutch. Only with the help of reinforcements, Luftwaffe forces managed to save the crew from total destruction

Operation in Rotterdam


The paratroopers also played a large role in the operation. Paratroopers Lieutenant Colonel Bruno Breuer captured bridges in Dordrecht and Murdeyka. The real thriller unfolded during the capture of Rotterdam and its bridges. The Germans used 12 old Heinkel-59 seaplanes in the operation, and infantrymen and sappers were loaded on them. Planes landed on the river. The Meuse in Rotterdam and the paratroopers were supposed to capture three strategic bridges. The risk was enormous: old and slow-moving, heavily loaded aircraft were easy prey for enemy fighters and anti-aircraft guns. However, low-speed flew over half the country and at 7 am appeared in Rotterdam. They sat quietly at the bridges. The Dutch did not expect anything like this and could not adequately respond to the daring attack. Inflatable boats were unloaded from seaplanes, on them infantrymen advanced to the bridges and took important objects. The Germans took three strategic bridges with the forces of an infantry company - 120 people.

The Dutch rushed to repel the bridges, but the Germans had already entrenched and repulsed the first attacks. Little reinforcements arrived - 50 paratroopers, who were dropped in the area of ​​the city stadium. They quickly orientated themselves, seized the trams and rushed to the bridges to help their own. Also, the success of the capture and retention of bridges was facilitated by the fact that the Germans simultaneously attacked Rotterdam in another place, from the south, where the important Valhalven airfield was located. As the seaplanes approached the target, German bombers hit the airfield and diverted the Dutch air defense forces. German planes were able to cover the barracks, where many Dutch soldiers burned down. As soon as the Heinkels 111 flew away, the transport Junkers approached and threw out the battalion of paratroopers Hauptmann Schulz. The attack of paratroopers was supported by Messerschmitt-110 fighter-bomber. Soon a second wave of planes with paratroopers Hauptmann Zeidler approached. Then came the third - Yu-52 with a landing landing. Aircraft bravely landed on the airfield where the battle was going on. Two platoons of the 9th company of the 16th Infantry Regiment of Oberleutenant Schwibert landed from the aircraft. His fighters launched an offensive in the center of the airfield, parachutists attacked on the outskirts. There were more Dutch, but their fighting spirit was broken. They began to give up. Valhalven was captured.

New airplanes immediately landed on the airfield, landed a battalion of the 16th regiment. Soon, the Germans deployed anti-aircraft guns at the airport and at about noon repelled a raid by British bombers. In the meantime, transport planes landed at the airport more and more new units - a soldier of the 16th airborne regiment, a battalion of the 72nd infantry regiment. Having requisitioned vehicles from the Dutch, the Germans immediately rushed to the aid of the fighters who held the bridges in Rotterdam. However, the task was only half completed. The bridges were blocked, but the Germans were sitting on one bank, and the Dutch kept their positions on the other. The German paratroopers could not advance further, nor could they establish contact with those paratroopers who had landed in the Hague.

Nevertheless, the relatively small forces of the German army occupied the bridges and held them until the surrender of Holland on May 14, 1940. The German paratroopers held out in complete encirclement until the approach of the main forces. At the same time, the Dutch had only 8 battalions in Rotterdam. Also nearby was the Dutch fleet, from which new forces could be transferred. However, the Dutch were late with the introduction of the Navy into battle. When they did, the air was already dominated by the Luftwaffe. German bombers Neinkel 111 drowned the Dutch destroyer Van Galen, gunboats Friso and Brinio were fatally damaged.


German paratroopers with a machine gun MG-34 occupy a position in the Netherlands


Throwing German 7th Parachutists aviation divisions in the Rotterdam area. Emission is made from Junkers U-52 aircraft. May 10, 1940


The position of the German machine gunners with a machine gun MG 34 on the street of Rotterdam. May 14, 1940

Shock and Awe


The command of the Dutch army at that time was completely demoralized and did not know what to do. So, the headquarters of the military district was located in Rotterdam and they did not know what to do in connection with the unexpected attack. The headquarters received many reports of saboteurs, paratroopers, shooting unknown persons from houses, etc. Instead of mobilizing forces and quickly attacking superior forces to repel bridges, the Dutch military searched hundreds of houses. First of all, local nationalists were suspected. Time and effort were wasted, not a single armed man was detained.

The Germans realized that the landing of paratroopers caused a panic. A flurry of alarm signals from citizens. To intensify the panic, the Nazis resorted to tricks - parachutes were stuffed. Dropped special ratchet devices that simulated shooting. This caused general confusion, it seemed to the Dutch that enemy sabotage agents, paratroopers, the "fifth column" were everywhere. That they shoot everywhere, that agents fire from houses at home or give light signals. All Holland believed that the Germans were helped by the numerous “fifth column”. Later research revealed that this is complete nonsense. The Dutch nationalists in May 1940 could not find a single rifle.

The Dutch psychologically broke down, lost the will to resist. Although militarily, everything was not as bad as it seemed. The Germans had numerous failures. For example, the plan to seize the Hague failed, where the Dutch government and the royal court were located. The Germans planned early in the morning of May 10 to capture three airfields near the Hague - Falkenburg, Ipenburg and Okenburg, and from there break into the city and capture the Dutch elite. However, here the Germans ran into strong anti-aircraft fire and stubborn ground defense. At the coastal airfield of Falkenburg, the German paratroopers could not take the Dutch base on the move. The first Junkers sat on the field and got bogged down in wet ground. As a result, they blocked the runway and other planes could not land. They had to turn back. The first planes the Dutch burned. Nevertheless, the German paratroopers took the airfield and the town near it. But burning cars prevented other planes from landing. A new wave of German paratroopers had to land on the coastal dunes. As a result, two small German groups formed - in Falkenburg and in the dunes. They had no connection with each other.

In Ipenburg, the Germans were generally defeated. The first wave of paratroopers mistakenly landed south of the airfield, in the location of the Dutch troops. Thirteen aircraft tried to land on the airfield and came under heavy fire. 11 cars caught fire. A handful of surviving fighters fought until the evening of May 10, and then surrendered. The next wave of aircraft went to an emergency landing on the Hague-Rotterdam highway. Oakenburg was also bad. The first wave of paratroopers was thrown out of there. Landing landing landed under enemy fire. The landing party suffered losses, the planes were crippled. Then the British bombed the runway and made it unsuitable for landing new German transporters.

Thus, the German landing in the Hague area landed weak, there were no reinforcements. Weak and fragmented groups of German paratroopers had no connection with each other. The Germans tried to attack the Hague, but they were easily thrown back. From a military point of view, it was a complete failure. But the failure of the German landing operation caused a new wave of panic in Holland. German planes circled around West Holland, some descended on the highway, others on the sandy coast. Civil defense observers who monitored the air reported this. Their radio transmitters were ordinary radio stations that the entire population heard. One panic news the appearance of the enemy in the rear was replaced by another. Horror swept across the country.

As a result, Dutch society and government were completely psychologically broken. People panicked and looked around for imaginary agents and saboteurs, enemy spies and paratroopers were seen everywhere. So, in the same Hague, rumors of sabotage agents dressed as Dutch agents forced some units to remove insignia. Like, we outwit the Germans. This "ingenious step" led to the fact that other Dutch units that did not remove the insignia began to take their own for a "disguised" enemy. A “friendly fire” began, order was restored only on the fourth day of the war, when troops were withdrawn from The Hague. Spy mania hit Amsterdam and The Hague, the whole country. It came to shooting vigilant citizens at their officers, attempts to detain their police and soldiers.

The authorities and citizens were sure that there were plenty of Hitler's accomplices in civilian and military uniforms. There were wild rumors about the betrayal in the leadership and among the military, about the poisoning of water in the water supply and foodstuffs, about the poisoning of roads with poisonous substances, about mysterious signs and light signals, etc. All this cleared the way for German troops advancing from the east. Thanks to the press and radio, letters and oral rumors, the whole world learned about these events. A wave of horror and panic swept the West. German intelligence and the propaganda department found that Western consumer society is prone to hysteria and generally exists on the verge of common sense and a sick imagination. And skillfully dealt a psychological and military blow to the countries of Western democracy. The Nazis skillfully combined propaganda and psychology with the then-advanced methods of war — the actions of special forces and airborne forces, diving bombers and mobile armored formations.


The column of German infantry moves on the street of Rotterdam


German officers on the street of destroyed Rotterdam

Rotterdam ashes. Surrender


The Nazis hit the Netherlands primarily not with tanks, not with artillery shelling and air strikes, not with the landing forces (Hitler’s airborne forces were few and took part in only a few relatively small operations), but with a wave of skillfully raised fear. There were few German agents and representatives of the “fifth column” in Holland - several dozen people. Special forces and paratroopers were also few, but they hit at once in many places and simultaneously. They created a feeling of the ubiquitous presence of the enemy in Holland. They caused chaos, disorder and panic.

The German embassy in the Netherlands played a large role in spreading the panic, distributing allegedly secret documents and maps. The psychological war was skillfully organized and led to great success. Even the military failures of the German forces led to psychological victories over Dutch society. The Dutch themselves did everything to quickly lose the war. As German troops advanced from the east in Holland, the Dutch army, police, and societies frantically fought spies, agents, and paratroopers. The Dutch units were feverishly deployed to Rotterdam and The Hague to fight against the insignificant forces of the German landing force and to suppress the nonexistent "Nazi uprising."

And at this time, German troops advanced rapidly. Dutch defense was falling apart before our eyes. Already on May 12, the Nazis broke through in several places the second line of the enemy’s defense. On the evening of May 12, the advanced units of the German division entered Murdeyk. On the 13th, the 9th Panzer Division, crossing the bridge, defeated the Dutch light division, which was almost entirely captured and rushed to Rotterdam. The advanced units of the 7th French Army reached the city of Breda on May 11, but they refused to attack the Germans who had captured the crossing in Murdeyka. They wanted to wait for the main forces. Meanwhile, the Germans developed an offensive.

On the fifth day of the operation, May 14, 1940, the Nazis launched an air strike on Rotterdam. The day before, on the evening of May 13, the tanks of the 9th Panzer Division from the south reached the bridges over the Meuse in Rotterdam. But the Germans could not force the river, the bridges were under fire. It was urgent to occupy Rotterdam, otherwise the offensive would stop. The Dutch refused to give up. Then they decided to strike an air strike and force the river under cover of bombing.

On the morning of May 14, Colonel Sharo, the commander of the Rotterdam garrison, was warned that if you don’t add up weaponthen there will be a bombardment. Sharo hesitated and asked for command. Negotiations have begun. But the bombers were already on their way and by 3 o’clock in the afternoon they were above Rotterdam. The pilots did not know about the outcome of the negotiations, they were told that if everything goes well, the ground forces will signal red missiles. However, when Heinkeli 111 approached the city, the Dutch air defense opened heavy fire. In addition, the city was in smoke, a tanker was blazing in the port. At first, the pilots simply did not notice the red rockets that the Germans launched (according to another version, the strike was deliberate). 57 out of 100 bombers managed to drop their cargo (97 tons of landmines). The city center was on fire. The bombs fell into port oil storage facilities and margarine plants, and from there the wind drove the flame into the old part of Rotterdam, where there were many old buildings with wooden structures.

The result was an act of air terror. Killed about a thousand people, was even more injured and crippled. This horror before the German Air Force finally broke Holland. The garrison of Rotterdam laid down his arms. Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina and the government fled to London. The Dutch military and merchant fleet under the command of Admiral Furstner also left the Netherlands - there was still a huge colonial empire. The Dutch fleet (500 ships of all sizes with a total displacement of 2,7 million tons and with crews of 15 thousand people) seriously replenished the naval forces of the Allies.

In the evening of May 14, 1940, the commander in chief of the Dutch army, General Winkelmann, not wanting to take responsibility for the destruction of the country, ordered the troops to lay down their arms and announced the surrender of the country. The Dutch decided that they would wait for real help from the Anglo-French, and attempts to further resistance would lead to the destruction of cities and mass deaths. Recent Dutch units, supported by allies, resisted in the province of Zealand, especially on the islands of Süd Beveland and Walheeren. There the Dutch surrendered or evacuated to Britain on May 16-18.

Holland fell in just five days. The Nazis got a whole developed country with unscathed railways, bridges, dams, power plants, industry and cities. Dutch troops lost more than 9 thousand killed and captured, the remaining 270 thousand surrendered or fled. German losses - over 8 thousand people and 64 aircraft.


Calculation of the German 37-mm Flak 36 anti-aircraft guns on the Sd.Kfz tractor. 6/2 on the street of the Dutch town


Artillerymen of the SS regiment “Der Führer” in a passenger car Wanderer W-11 drive past the Royal Palace in Amsterdam
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Photos used:
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Articles from this series:
Blitzkrieg in the West

Blitzkrieg in the West. How the Holland, Belgium and France fell
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  1. Vladimir_2U 26 May 2020 05: 37 New
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    even partially plow the runways
    And even sowed, just did not have time to get up. And what exactly is still hidden in the archives! laughing
    1. Basil50 26 May 2020 06: 27 New
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      You are right, the author of a lot of things about * genius * Germans, but nothing about the qualifications of the Dutch military.
      But in the colonies, these Dutch-Belgian-Luxembourgers were very * courageous * when they destroyed the natives. There they did not know * fear and reproach * for a robbery.
      It was amusing that * fearing destruction .... * the warriors surrendered. Apparently they could not bear the fact that the loot is threatened with destruction. Accustomed to live well.
      For the sake of this * good *, TOGETHER with the Nazis, the Dutch-Belgians, Luxembourgers fought without sparing anyone in the Soviet Union.
      But after 1945, these all, without exception, declared themselves * resistance *.
      1. rich 26 May 2020 08: 37 New
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        Interesting statistics:
        The forces of the parties
        Netherlands
        9 divisions
        676 guns
        1 tank
        124 aircraft
        Total: 280 thousand people
        Germany:
        22 divisions
        1378 guns
        759 tanks
        1150 aircraft
        Total: 750 thousand people.

        Losses
        Netherlands
        2332 killed
        7 thousand wounded
        271668 prisoners and deserters
        70 aircraft
        2 thousand civilians
        Germany:
        2120 killed
        5,5 thousand wounded
        700 missing
        20 prisoners
        64 aircraft
        The bottom line: During the first five days of the war, the Netherlands was withdrawn from the war and the 18th German Army freed up for operations elsewhere.
        1. bubalik 26 May 2020 09: 21 New
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          ,,, while equipping the army worthy of resistance.
          1. Vol4ara 26 May 2020 12: 47 New
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            Quote: bubalik

            ,,, while equipping the army worthy of resistance.

            Ahaha what a horror! : D
      2. Olgovich 26 May 2020 09: 15 New
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        Quote: Vasily50
        But after 1945, these all, without exception, declared themselves * resistance *.

        and how different is their behavior from the behavior of the Russian people:

        exactly 75 years ago June 25, Stalin said toast "FOR THE RUSSIAN PEOPLE!"
        I drink first of all for the health of the Russian peoplebecause he is nthe most prominent nation of all the nations that make up the Soviet Union.

        I raise a toast to the health of the Russian people because in this war he earned general recognition as the leading force of the Soviet Union among all the peoples of our country.

        I raise a toast to the health of the Russian people, not only because they are the leading people, but also because he has a clear mind, persistent character and patience. which ensured a historic victory over the enemy of mankind - over fascism.

        Thanks to him, the Russian people, for this trust! For the health of the Russian people!


        Glory, glory from generation to generation,
        Glory to our beloved Russian people!
        Enemies encroaching on the edge of the native
        Strike with a merciless powerful hand!
        yes

      3. tihonmarine 26 May 2020 10: 02 New
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        Quote: Vasily50
        But in the colonies, these Dutch-Belgian-Luxembourgers were very * courageous * when they destroyed the natives. There they did not know * fear and reproach * for a robbery.

        And on the territory of the USSR, the 23rd Dutch, 27th Flemish, 28th Walloon, 34th Netherlands were atrocious. 4th SS Volunteer Tank Grenadier Brigade Nederland, 48th brigade regiment was destroyed in encirclement in July 1944. When evacuating from Libava at the end of January 1945 by sea, the Moira transport with the brigade personnel was torpedoed and sank, setting a kind of record for the mass death of SS officers at sea. About 300 Dutch SS mana survived.
      4. Dr. Frankenstucker 26 May 2020 10: 43 New
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        But in the colonies, these Dutch


        fair remark. By and large, World War II for the Dutch was not a European war, but a fight for the colonies, for the mother oil in the Dutch East Indies.
  2. igordok 26 May 2020 06: 44 New
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    Thank you for the article. Quite a lot of photos and interesting information.
    1. Doctor Evil 26 May 2020 08: 04 New
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      Quote: igordok
      Thank you for the article. Quite a lot of photos and interesting information.

      The article is so-so. Read better here: https://warspot.ru/9755-nemetskie-parashyutisty-v-gollandii-udar-s-neba
    2. ccsr 26 May 2020 11: 51 New
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      Quote: igordok
      Thank you for the article. Quite a lot of photos and interesting information.

      There are really a lot of photographs selected, you study them with inters. Especially one of them is “Calculation of the German 37-mm Flak 36 anti-aircraft guns on the Sd.Kfz. 6/2 truck on the street of the Dutch town”, which gives an idea of ​​the level of defense of the German Ground Forces and how much ahead of us they were in similar technology in 1941. Firstly, the permeability of such an installation is striking, secondly, the ability to fire at ground targets from a 37-mm gun, and thirdly, the availability of communication equipment using such equipment. In a word, this once again shows why the German tank formations were not afraid to break deep into our troops, because they had similar air defense systems for cover that could provide them with cover from our aircraft. As far as we know, the most sore point for us in 1941 was the lack of anti-aircraft guns even to cover large cities - the Germans decided this question even before the attack on the USSR.
      1. Dr. Frankenstucker 26 May 2020 17: 35 New
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        the most sore point for us in 1941 was the lack of anti-aircraft guns


        if you take the nearest owl. analogue flak 36 / 3.7cm, then in the Red Army anti-aircraft divisions (we don’t take the fleet) by the beginning of the war there were about 1200 61-K 37mm assault rifles. Half of them during the blitzkrieg went to the Germans and was adopted by them. Maybe the quantity was not the case?
        1. ccsr 26 May 2020 18: 46 New
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          Quote: Dr. Frankenstucker
          by the beginning of the war there were about 1200 61-K 37mm submachine guns.

          They were towed and this fundamentally distinguishes their capabilities from German equipment based on a tractor. On the battlefield or accompanied by columns, this gave the Germans an advantage.
          Quote: Dr. Frankenstucker
          Maybe the quantity was not the case?

          Of course, not only in quantity, but also in the loss of mobile equipment at the beginning of the war, in the absence of fuel, in the poor preparation of our calculations, which did not have combat experience - in general, there were many reasons that the Germans achieved such successes in the first months of the war.
          1. Dr. Frankenstucker 26 May 2020 19: 11 New
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            They were towed


            So what? Flak 36 was also towed, also on a biaxial carriage (only Italians thought of uniaxial for their delirium). ZSU based on half-husks, only 340 pieces were produced for the entire WWII (including, by the way, and cars with captured Soviet 61-K)

            No doubt, the lack of mobile ZSU with the complete superiority of the enemy in the sky is bad. But their presence also does not guarantee anything - did the flankpaners on the Western Front greatly help the Germans?
            1. ccsr 26 May 2020 19: 26 New
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              Quote: Dr. Frankenstucker
              Flak 36 was also towed, also on a biaxial carriage

              I discussed the mobile version, which is shown in the photograph below. As for the towed German air defense systems, they also had to protect stationary objects or field headquarters, and such towing is enough there.
              Quote: Dr. Frankenstucker
              ZSU based on half-husks, only 340 were issued for the entire WWII

              Nevertheless, even in Holland they lit up, and this speaks of their combat experience to the beginning of World War II. Even if we assume that the battery of such ZSU consists of 8-10 units (this is just my guess), and each is attached to one tank regiment, they could cover 34 tank regiments during any advancement. And these are very large forces for breaking through to the rear of our troops. Of course the calculation is conditional, but the most important thing is that they had maneuverability and the speed of movement is the same as the tank units.
              Quote: Dr. Frankenstucker
              But their presence also does not guarantee anything

              I talked about the fact that the Germans were seriously preparing for war against the USSR and worked out in advance the interaction of various branches of the armed forces, including air defense. We were far behind in this.
              1. Dr. Frankenstucker 26 May 2020 20: 45 New
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                the Germans were seriously preparing for war against the USSR and were working out in advance the interaction of various branches of the armed forces


                unconditionally. Although, along with thoroughness and circularism, tactical improvisations were present in the campaign in the West (remember Guderian). As for thoroughness, the Koch Assault Battalion was preparing for the six months to capture Eben-Enamel. In Hildesheim even built his model, and Koch hoists "took" him, armed with special paint guns)
                Victory loves prepared, as they say)
              2. Dr. Frankenstucker 26 May 2020 21: 02 New
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                As for the towed German air defense systems, they also had to protect stationary objects or field headquarters, and such towing is enough there.


                No. You misunderstand the structure of the light anti-aircraft mouths of the 1940 sample. They included 3 platoons - 1 towed (4 guns) and 2 self-propelled (4 + 2 guns). They were attached to tank and motorized infantry divisions. So, not "stationary objects and headquarters".
                1. ccsr 27 May 2020 10: 19 New
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                  Quote: Dr. Frankenstucker
                  No. You misunderstand the structure of the light anti-aircraft mouths of the 1940 sample. They included 3 platoons - 1 towed (4 guns) and 2 self-propelled (4 + 2 guns). They were attached to tank and motorized infantry divisions. So, not "stationary objects and headquarters".

                  So 37 mm guns were also part of the heavy air defense battalions, but I will not dwell on this, because I did not specifically deal with this topic. By the way, for the deployed headquarters of the division, which is less likely to move and has staff vehicles, towed air defense systems are just suitable, unlike tank regiments, which need self-propelled guns. Therefore, it is not surprising that part of the anti-aircraft company followed the tank regiment, and part of the company’s guns remained to cover the headquarters - at least any normal chief of staff of the division would do so, setting the task to the commander of the air defense unit when organizing the attack.
                  By the way, here is a translation of one of the articles that indicates how anti-aircraft guns were used on different fronts:
                  Naturally anti-aircraft guns were not used exclusively for defense against strategic bombing. Many Flack units were incorporated into German ground units. Often their guns were used to destroy armored vehicles and ground fortifications, due to the high muzzle velocity of the shells of anti-aircraft guns.
                  So, during the French company of 1940, the destruction of 503 aircraft, 152 tanks, 151 bunkers, 13 forts, more than 20 ships and transports were credited to the Flac units account.
                  In Africa, by the end of 1941, Flac units (namely, two battalions) were credited with the destruction of 42 aircraft and 263 tanks.
                  In the USSR, by the end of 1941 Flac parts (namely, 30 mixed and 11 light battalions) the destruction of 1891 aircraft, 926 tanks and 583 bunkers was credited.
                  1. Dr. Frankenstucker 27 May 2020 10: 32 New
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                    this is a dispute for the sake of argument. You have already entered heavy air defense batteries.
                    1. ccsr 27 May 2020 11: 39 New
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                      Quote: Dr. Frankenstucker
                      this is a dispute for the sake of argument. You have already entered heavy air defense batteries.

                      Actually, I evaluated the installation of anti-aircraft guns based on an army tractor from the point of view of operational use, and did not find any analogue in our spacecraft on the eve of the war. And how the Germans could use them depended on the situation, but in any case it was a prototype of what later appeared in service with us, including the ZSU-37.
                      1. Dr. Frankenstucker 27 May 2020 12: 37 New
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                        and did not find any analogue in our spacecraft on the eve of the war


                        as "some kind of analogue", I believe, we can consider the ZSU 29K (3K gun on the chassis of the three-axis YAG-10). Well, of course, the most massive M4 Tokarev system on the GAZ-AA / AAA. Well, as a mass .... The rifle regiment had only a company with the 6th ZPU M4.
                        Well, improvisations with the DShK (double, built and even quadruple) and 72-k (25mm) on the chassis of one and a half lorries and ZiSov - this is already during the war.
                      2. ccsr 27 May 2020 12: 51 New
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                        Quote: Dr. Frankenstucker
                        as "some kind of analogue", I believe, we can consider the ZSU 29K (3K gun on the chassis of the three-axis YAG-10).

                        Quite conditionally - patency is different, reclining supports, lack of communication equipment and even the return of the gun would blow the bottom and axles of the car over time. That is why they were released in a limited series, and as I understand it, it was an unfinished machine, which in the end did not go into service with the spacecraft.
                        Quote: Dr. Frankenstucker
                        Well, of course, the most massive M4 Tokarev system on the GAZ-AA / AAA.

                        I hope you understand why wheeled vehicles are inferior to vehicles on a caterpillar basis when placing guns, that’s why our armored cars with guns did not develop after the war. Even if we take the self-propelled guns that we had during the war, and which the Germans had before the Great Patriotic War, it is easy to guess that they overtook us in the development of these types of weapons, and this must be recognized.
                      3. Dr. Frankenstucker 27 May 2020 13: 04 New
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                        that they overtook us in the development of these types of weapons, and this must be recognized.


                        Well, you talked about "some kind of analogue" of ZSU - I brought such "some")

                        Yes, with half gusli, it was, to put it mildly, very bad. They took care to put the 61-K on the GAZ-42 only at the end of 1942, and even then it was a dead end. And there the Lendlizovskie M17 arrived in time)
  • Olgovich 26 May 2020 06: 50 New
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    the enemy himself surrendered, although he had the resources and strength for serious and lasting resistance.
    No fortress is worth ANYTHING if the garrison does NOT want to resist.

    the Dutch, Czechs, Danes and other Frenchmen valued their precious lives too much and were ready to pay any price for this — humiliation, shame, creeping before the invader, mass apostasy to him.

    Let in darkness, but alive and with a cup of coffee in the morning. Shame ...

    And these people teach Russia ... dignity and democracy .... belay lol
    1. DeKo 26 May 2020 07: 06 New
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      One of NATO’s modern textbooks says: if you’re wounded, tired, you’re running out of ammunition, then safely surrender. And demand human care
      1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 07: 44 New
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        Can I link to a tutorial? )))
        1. bober1982 26 May 2020 07: 47 New
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          In the NATO army, this is not, but in the Israeli army - yes, not in textbooks, of course, in the Charter? or oral recommendations?
          1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 08: 09 New
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            In the charter. You memorize this in the recruiting office. And only when you know all these rules by heart, are you allowed to bomb Syria from around the Lebanese corner, vilely avoiding the S-300, covered by Buk Em, covered by the Shell of Es and blocked by Krasukha fellow
            1. bober1982 26 May 2020 08: 15 New
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              The main thing to remember is the most precious thing in life.
              If in a hopeless situation, immediately surrender.
              In captivity, give out all the military secrets you know.
              1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 08: 24 New
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                Yes, I’m too late to say - I even finished the reservist service 8 years ago ... but before the call, about 23 years ago, it would be useful to me soldier Together with the ability to march beautifully, paint grass and draw a wall newspaper - all the things that the Israeli Military has deprived me crying
                1. Siberian54 27 May 2020 06: 08 New
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                  Are you the son of an officer? Otherwise, where did the non-serving person get such knowledge about the Russian army.
                  1. Krasnodar 27 May 2020 06: 54 New
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                    Yeah, stock)). I live, like, in society
                    1. Siberian54 28 May 2020 05: 14 New
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                      Come on! My son served 24 years ago, literally outside the garden, 250 kilometers across the federal road to the east, so I often went to see him, So there wasn’t even paint on the caponiers, and you’re poisoning a joke about grass .. And marching is the fastest everywhere and a cheap way to put together a military team of civilian sheep .. And he himself served in the SA in legendary stagnation and also did not see the “painted grass”, but marching on the parade ground before Akhromeev when he flew with an inspection in the Siberian district
                      1. Krasnodar 28 May 2020 07: 55 New
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                        So it’s specially anecdotal and presented
                        I do not agree, about the fastest and cheapest .. when they drive 15 seconds here-there-built in full gear, focusing on the latter - it's faster (in my opinion).
                      2. Siberian54 28 May 2020 13: 15 New
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                        I agree, before the visit of the Marshal, he broke the heels under the mushroom hat twice .. Now with humor, and then with obscenities ...
                      3. Krasnodar 28 May 2020 13: 19 New
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                        Wow! Marshal’s visit ... I always loved closer to the kitchen, away from the authorities laughing It didn’t always work out, though
        2. Olgovich 26 May 2020 08: 47 New
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          Quote: Krasnodar
          In the charter. You memorize this in the recruiting office. And only when you know all these rules by heart, are you allowed to bomb Syria from around the Lebanese corner, vilely avoiding the S-300, covered by Buk Em, covered by the Shell of Es and blocked by Krasukha


          ..
          Israeli police confirmed the deaths of four soldiers after a truck drove into a group of soldiers in the center of Jerusalem, near the walls of the Old City. Another 15 people injured
          .
          And neither the vaccinated art of surrendering helped. covered with f 16, protected by "Patriots" under the cover of the "Iron Dome", no reinforced concrete wall ...request
          1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 08: 54 New
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            F-16 protected by the Patriots is a worthy topic for the army wall newspaper - and it’ll do the trick. lol
            1. Olgovich 26 May 2020 09: 18 New
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              Quote: Krasnodar
              F-16 protected by the Patriots is a worthy topic for the army wall newspaper - and it’ll do the trick.

              like ... "Lebanese corner"lol : I can see how, from around the corner, the barrel sticks out in a curve .... lol
              1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 09: 22 New
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                Well, so mean, it means - from around the corner. laughing But you are better versed in army wall newspapers, aren't you? wink
                1. Olgovich 26 May 2020 09: 34 New
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                  Quote: Krasnodar
                  Well, so mean, it means - from around the corner.

                  no, that means a crooked trunk yes
                  Quote: Krasnodar
                  But you are better versed in army wall newspapers, aren't you?

                  foreman ... in the wall newspaper? belay

                  а work-who will be? what

                  we had for that party organizer Major Zotov.

                  Long live in Israel. yes

                  Oh, if you knew how he taught us Love homeland! good
                  1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 09: 36 New
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                    That's right, why learn to shoot, and fight, when the most important thing is Love homeland! laughing
                  2. Catfish 26 May 2020 10: 32 New
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                    You can’t remember the wonderful film “Scout feat”.
                    Conversation of our major Fedotovva and Willy Pommer in a tavern:

                    Pommer - A scout must have a special talent. A special flair. Special nose. Special eyes. And anger ...
                    Fedotov - You have to really love your homeland.
                    Pommer - Sentimentality ...
                2. Alexey RA 26 May 2020 13: 48 New
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                  Quote: Olgovich
                  Oh, you would know how he taught us to love the Motherland!

                  The fourth kind of love is love for the motherland. And now - the slides!
                  © smile
            2. Ryazan87 26 May 2020 10: 41 New
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              Yes, the famous Israeli curve
              1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 12: 47 New
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                Quote: Ryazanets87
                Yes, the famous Israeli curve

                All of them are thugs and in their pants they have trimmings (C)
    2. DeKo 26 May 2020 19: 59 New
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      Tomorrow the name of the ladies
  • DeKo 26 May 2020 19: 57 New
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    Can. I'll write tomorrow
  • DeKo 1 June 2020 08: 08 New
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    Hmak. Military man textbook.
    Kopenhagen 1994
  • Kronos 26 May 2020 10: 25 New
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    And what is not so normal advice?
  • rich 26 May 2020 08: 44 New
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    Dutch government hoped for help from France

    Although parts of the 7th French army arrived on May 11 in the city of Breda, the French refused to attack the German troops that captured the bridge at Murdeyk. They first wanted to wait for reinforcements to approach. During this time, the 9th German Panzer Division approached Murdeyk and provided protection for the German paratroopers from enemy attacks from Bred
    1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 08: 48 New
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      There was a strange company in general - the French did not burn their desire to fight, the Britons twitched less or less, but looking at the Franks, they did not strive for battle out of principle))
      1. rich 26 May 2020 09: 02 New
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        Good morning albert hi
        There was a strange company there

        And don’t talk. Here is a photo of 1940 "Holland - the winners and the vanquished"




        1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 09: 07 New
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          Good morning! hi
          Thank you for the photos - it seems that they are meeting the liberators, and the Germans are not really worried about finding the citizens of the occupied country near the captured weapons.
  • Dr. Frankenstucker 26 May 2020 18: 23 New
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    Does your own pathos bore you? By June 30, the 41st Wehrmacht occupied the territory of the USSR, much larger in area than the Benelux. The number of Soviet prisoners was about a quarter of the Dutch population, which was a shock even for the Germans. The Reichskommissariat Ukraine was ten times larger than the Reichskommissariat in the Netherlands. Why is this arrogant swagger?
    1. Kronos 26 May 2020 19: 29 New
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      By the number of prisoners per population in the USSR there were no more than others
      1. Dr. Frankenstucker 26 May 2020 22: 17 New
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        Yes, that's not the point, in the end. When they talk about the "cowardly" Dutch who surrendered the country in five days, they forget that Holland is 40 thousand square kilometers - it’s just like the Lviv and Rivne regions combined, which, incidentally, were captured by the Wehrmacht in the same five or seven days. What, too, "cowardly" the Red Army surrendered, following this stupid logic? Or what - again, "well, that's different ....". With comparable forces, we surrendered the territory much larger. Well, of course - there was still ... So Queen Wilhelmina hit the road to London, since the Netherlands (the colonial empire) also "had territory", where, in fact, she fought until the end of WWII. Let's figure out with our skeletons in the cabinets, why is this liquid-dispersed pathos? Enough to endlessly smoke incense to Comrade Stalin and blame everything on Pavlov for the collapse of 1941.
        1. Kronos 26 May 2020 22: 20 New
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          So I do not blame the Dutch for everything they fought as they could. The fact that the USSR was much better because it withstood the strongest blow of the Nazis in the end is silly to argue
          1. Dr. Frankenstucker 26 May 2020 22: 40 New
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            but I don’t argue. Paphos gets it easy. Most of the hooters about "rewriting history" know the trivial story a bit poorly.
          2. The comment was deleted.
  • DeKo 26 May 2020 07: 04 New
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    No matter how these Dutch and other Norwegians licked Hitler’s ass, the result was one
  • Moskovit 26 May 2020 08: 58 New
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    The Dutch authorities continued to conscientiously search for enemies - now they were Jews. The famous Anna Frank was given to the Germans by the Dutch.
    1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 09: 38 New
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      Yes, but there were many Dutch who harbored Jews.
      1. bober1982 26 May 2020 09: 43 New
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        Quote: Krasnodar
        Yes, but there were many Dutch who harbored Jews.

        It was a mass phenomenon, hiding and hiding from the Germans.
      2. Moskovit 26 May 2020 10: 34 New
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        Yes, Holland ranks second for the Righteous of the World - 5595. Poland comes first - 6700. Russia is modest - 204. But in the figures for the dead Jews, not everything is so rosy. Holland is in the lead among Western European countries. It turns out they saved with one hand, and surrendered with the other ...
        1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 12: 52 New
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          They could not save everyone. The following cartoon is here - are you ready to risk the life or well-being of your family because of a neighbor. Fair? I would only hide children. And then - I would think twice before putting my children in danger.
          PS I myself am a Jew, if Th.))
          1. ccsr 26 May 2020 18: 49 New
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            Quote: Krasnodar
            PS I myself am a Jew, if Th.))

            Didn’t you sign up for the Black Hundreds? Nobody expected such a trick ...
            1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 18: 51 New
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              lol
              This is from the series “what is the connection with the above”?
              1. ccsr 26 May 2020 19: 01 New
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                Quote: Krasnodar
                This is from the series “what is the connection with the above”?

                Yes, this phrase led me to this thought:
                Fair? I would only hide children. And then - I would think twice before than putting your children in danger.
                1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 19: 03 New
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                  And how does this relate to the Black Hundreds or anti-Semitism? )))
                  1. ccsr 26 May 2020 19: 32 New
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                    Quote: Krasnodar
                    And how does this relate to the Black Hundreds or anti-Semitism?

                    Well, imagine that Russian people, fearing for their children, would not save Jews during the war — you would immediately sing that they are Black Hundreds and anti-Semites. But in reality, they, unlike you, did not think about the fate of their children when they hid the Jews from the Germans, knowing that they would suffer in the first place.
                    1. Krasnodar 26 May 2020 19: 35 New
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                      Well, here I am about that - Russians, Dutch, Ukrainians and Poles, who saved strangers at the risk of their own family's life - heroes.
                      I am not a hero.
                      And I do not blame those who did not.
                      I condemn those who handed over
  • Dr. Frankenstucker 26 May 2020 09: 44 New
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    On the morning of May 14, Colonel Sharo, the commander of the Rotterdam garrison, was warned that if you did not lay down your arms, there would be a bombardment. Sharo hesitated and asked for command. Negotiations have begun. But the bombers were already on their way


    a little wrong, a little vaudeville: the ultimatum was sent between the 9th and 10th hours of the morning, but Scharro and Aud (mayor of R-damme) noticed that not a single copy of the ultimatum was signed. They returned the ultimatum. Schmidt (room 39 of the Wehrmacht TC) agreed to rewrite and move the deadline until 16.20. But it so happened that Xe 111 from the base in Westphalia had already taken off.

    that if everything goes well, the ground forces will signal red missiles.


    like, a red rocket means "mine! don't bomb!". Pilots so perceived them.

    By the way, Rudolf Schmidt, threatening the Dutch Luftwaffe, requested only 25 "pieces" for precision bombing, but received Xe 111, and even in large numbers.
    The Germans had no plans to organize a demonstration bombing. In Directive 11, signed by the Fuhrer on May 14, there was no indication of this. I think that he already endured fantasies - they say, Hitler, furious with the stubbornness of the Dutch, ordered ..... etc. This, of course, is nonsense. Paragraph 5 of the Directive spoke only of the full support of the Luftwaffe of the ground group.
  • The comment was deleted.
  • The comment was deleted.
  • lucul 26 May 2020 10: 25 New
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    The Dutch decided that real help from the Anglo-French they will wait, and attempts to further resistance will lead to the destruction of cities and mass deaths.

    Probably missed - DO NOT WAIT.
  • Operator 26 May 2020 10: 26 New
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    "Hitler was not only a brilliant statesman, but also a commander" - hello to the 75th anniversary of the Victory from the administration of VO.

    The surrender of the Netherlands to Hitler was agreed in advance with the Dutch leadership according to the following scenario: the Wehrmacht depicted the war, and the Dutch - the fight against the fifth column (i.e. with themselves) in the rear instead of conducting military operations at the front. The only damage to Holland in 5 days of a comedy called "war with Germany" is the burned-out center of Rotterdam's scanty square.

    After the capture of Holland, Hitler declared the locals Germans and those on their hind legs began to learn German in schools instead of Dutch. A new pro-German government of the protectorate of Holland was formed and the former Dutch (as well as the Czechs, Norwegians, Danes, Belgians and French) began to work shockingly for the benefit of their Third Reich, serve in the SS troops, form their own police and send Jews to death camps.

    The first attempts of sabotage by the new Germans were noted only after the landing of the US-British allies in Normandy in 1944, as the new Germans felt that they smelled fried. Nevertheless, the Dutch did not provide any support to the Allied paratroopers, who landed in the Netherlands in the rear of German troops.
    1. Sergey Zhikharev 26 May 2020 12: 56 New
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      And the Dutch merchant fleet in the meantime (1940-1945) ...
      Self-flooding?
      Came to German ports?
      or participated in WWII helping the Allies fight the Germans?
      1. Operator 26 May 2020 13: 22 New
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        The new Germans surrendered on a contractual basis to the old Germans in Holland, the Japanese in Indonesia and the British in the merchant fleet.
        1. Sergey Zhikharev 26 May 2020 14: 51 New
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          and as part of the British fleet, Dutch merchant ships went through the war.
          Without this increase, the position of Great Britain would have been much worse
          1. Operator 26 May 2020 14: 57 New
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            Without 100 American destroyers, it would be much worse.

            The shipping fleet, providing Britain, suffered the greatest losses in 1942, when the Liberty steamers built a series of 2710 units left the American conveyor for a year.
            1. Sergey Zhikharev 26 May 2020 15: 34 New
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              If only the destroyers could carry various resources.
              July 1940 - December 1941. A sharp change in the situation on land, the capture by Germany of new bases, industrial areas, sources of raw materials. The way out of the war in France, the entry into the war of Italy .... Successful operations of German submarines (known as "Happy Times"), their massive build-up, expansion of areas of operation. Losses of allies in communications are growing sharply

              и
              Ordinary Germans really had something to admire: in June 1940, German boats sank 140 ships from the Allied convoys with a total displacement of 585 tons in the Atlantic .....,
              Every month, the British lost about 400 tons of the merchant fleet, which put Britain in an extremely difficult position. The country began to feel a shortage of food and strategic materials ...... In 000, 1941 vessels were sunk with a total displacement of 4398 tons and 2 German boats were lost.

              And now we are removing 500 Dutch ships from the 2,7 million tons from the English fleet (without even adding them to the German fleet) and Britain is waiting for a complete Arctic fox.
              1. Operator 26 May 2020 15: 44 New
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                The destroyers did not carry, but guarded ships with cargo from drowning, all of a sudden.

                With what kind of hangover the crews of the Dutch courts would have opposed the "proposal" of the Anglo-Saxons, especially since the most that the new Germans could do was voluntarily agree to internment and a half-starved existence in British concentration camps before the surrender of their Third Reich.

                And the ships themselves would continue to sail with the British crews.
                1. Sergey Zhikharev 26 May 2020 16: 05 New
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                  Sudden: In order for the destroyers to guard vessels with cargo from drowning, these vessels must be.
                  The British sent the Dutch sailors to concentration camps?
                  For the British crews to sail on Dutch ships, there must be Dutch ships.

                  Dear Operator, you do not take into account the growth of forces that Germany, that the UK
                  1. Operator 26 May 2020 16: 09 New
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                    What problems did the British have in 1940, including the dominions, colonies, and US covert assistance, for interning new German ships around the world with replacing crews?
                    1. Sergey Zhikharev 26 May 2020 16: 12 New
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                      Most likely it wasn’t special.
                      But getting 500 ships out of thin air is a problem.
                      1. Operator 26 May 2020 16: 15 New
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                        You start a stop list for all ports in Asia, Africa and both Americas and voila - 500 new German ships at your disposal. And which of the neutrals disobeys - for that there is a British fleet.
                      2. Sergey Zhikharev 26 May 2020 17: 15 New
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                        But I naively thought that the ship turned out, it must first be built, for this to spend a certain amount of man-hours, thousands of tons of steel (or other material), electricity, all this costs money.
                        But it turns out ships from the air appear ....
                        Probably the crew and fuel also come from the air in the kit
                      3. Operator 26 May 2020 17: 20 New
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                        And the devil pulled me to answer you.
                      4. Sergey Zhikharev 26 May 2020 17: 24 New
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                        I am interested in the same question.
                        And also why did the British have problems with ships in the battle for the Atlantic, if they had such a thing as a “stop list”. There are 500 ships. The Germans sunk 300 ships, and the British - a stop list, and another 500 ships.
                    2. Kronos 26 May 2020 19: 34 New
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                      When the Germans captured France, the British simply brought the fleet and sank the French ships, and here it would be easy to get
  • Dr. Frankenstucker 26 May 2020 13: 30 New
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    Self-flooding?

    as far as I know, only the Freiber gunboat and floating battery were flooded by the Dutch themselves. In general, in five days the Royal Navy lost one destroyer, five minesweepers, three gunboats, a destroyer and three submarines.
    And as regards the merchant fleet, Holland provided 500 vessels at the disposal of the Allies (tonnage somewhere under 3 million tons)
  • fruit_cake 26 May 2020 13: 00 New
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    and now they pretend to be Nazi victims, all their losses in the Second World War are the losses of SS volunteers on the eastern front, i.e. loss of the Dutch Nazis, not fighters with them
  • Dr. Frankenstucker 26 May 2020 18: 25 New
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    Quote: Operator
    The surrender of the Netherlands to Hitler was agreed in advance with the Dutch leadership in the following scenario:

    where such confidence?
  • ccsr 26 May 2020 19: 40 New
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    Quote: Operator
    The only damage to Holland in 5 days of a comedy called "war with Germany" is the burned-out center of Rotterdam's scanty square.

    Here is how our outstanding intelligence officer Gurevich-Kent describes the war in Holland:
    So, for example, when attempts were made in the Netherlands to put the entire economy of the country on a war footing with the outbreak of war, in order to promote fuel economy, everyone was advised to transfer to bicycles from cars and personal motorcycles. Then, in a conversation with my friends, I heard a very amusing story. Queen Wilhelmina I allegedly defiantly rode a bicycle during her walk. By this, she apparently wanted to prove that the royal court was also forced to save fuel. Of how true this was, of course, I could not judge, but the storytellers, accompanying their stories with laughter, indicated that behind the royal bicycle, just in case, there were two cars, one of which was ready to take the tired queen into its arms at any moment, and in the second car guards rode.
  • Dr. Frankenstucker 26 May 2020 12: 21 New
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    Okenburg was also bad .... Then the British bombed the runway and made it unsuitable for landing new German transporters.


    In fact, the Dutch bombed the Ockenburg airfield with their Fokker TVs - four cars - all that remained of the beating of the bombers in Schiphol. The Dutch, on the whole, recouped pretty well on the “Aunts Yu” that had accumulated on the airfield - for two raids, it seems, they destroyed and broke 30 amphibious Yu-52s. True, after this action of the four bombers, the Dutch left two. On May 11, they tried to bomb the bridges over the Meuse, but to no avail. At the same time, one of the fokers shot down the Luftwaffe, although fokker gunners managed to knock out one Bf.109. The last fokker TV was shot down the next day, May 12, when trying to bomb the bridge.
    So, kmk, the Royal Air Force saved face.
  • aglet 26 May 2020 18: 11 New
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    Quote: DeKo
    No matter how these Dutch and other Norwegians licked Hitler’s ass, the result was one

    Well, they licked, they didn’t lick, but they were able to inflict comparable losses on the Wehrmacht, another thing, the sphincter was weak among their leaders, but the soldiers had nothing to do with it
  • Doctor Evil 26 May 2020 19: 04 New
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    Here is another reference to the events of May 1940. Maybe someone is interested: https://m2kozhemyakin.livejournal.com/51330.html
  • Comrade Michael 26 May 2020 20: 51 New
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    I read how their pilots fought ... And they fought bravely with the utter hopelessness of their cause. Sometimes bombers returned home (of which there were very few), and there was already a German landing on the strip .... And still they didn’t give up. They did not have a reserve of resources and territory, like ours.
    1. Dr. Frankenstucker 26 May 2020 21: 25 New
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      You are absolutely right. I wrote my opinion above that the Royal Air Force saved face - they fought literally until the last plane (of which there were so few). Despite the fact that the fokker d.21 did not go to any comparison with the “emiles”, the Dutch were not cowards, as many here draw them.
  • Cypa 27 May 2020 09: 33 New
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    [quote = Olgovich] [quote = Basil50] But after 1945, all of them, without exception, declared themselves * resistance *. [/ quote]
    and how different is their behavior from the behavior of the Russian:

    exactly 75 years ago June 25, Stalin said toast "FOR THE RUSSIAN PEOPLE!"
    [quote] I drink first of all for the health of the Russian peoplebecause he is [b] the most



    Yes, but there were many Dutch who harbored Jews. [/ Quote]
    And then the Germans
  • Prisoner 27 May 2020 21: 20 New
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    "Allegedly they disguise themselves as peasants, postmen and priests ..." winked Poor postmen and priests. I can imagine how they flew from suspicious fellow citizens.
  • Viktor Sergeev 28 May 2020 08: 07 New
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    The Dutch were like in a joke about chicken: aren't we really resisting too much?