German soldiers at the monument to God of war - Mars: "We will conquer the whole world!"
The Germans are warriors, yes ... Unleash two world wars, but what wars! After all, a little bit was not enough for them to create an atomic bomb. And the FAA missiles they managed to create. Yes, we had a lot of things: soap, for example, was cooked from human fat ... So we, the inhabitants of the third planet from the Sun, simply slipped out of World War II. It was lucky - after all, start the Germans a little later, at a higher scientific and technical level, if you were a kirdyk, one hundred percent, dear earthmen.
The current Germany began to form at the beginning of the 17th century with the modest elector Brandenburg. The whole territory of the future thunderstorm of Europe and the world is a piece of land in the area of Berlin, even without access to the sea in the area of the Oder, which was kept by the Swedes. Neither minerals, nor significant human resources, nor a decent territory - no-thing! All previous attempts to expand ended unsuccessfully, although many in Europe remembered the fighting character, aggressiveness and obvious German military skills, starting perhaps with Roman legionaries. Under the Hohenzollern, Brandenburg peacefully united with East Prussia, at the same time annexing several smaller lands and finally getting access to the sea in the region of Koenigsberg. Then Friedrich Wilhelm came to the fore, stating:
- The value of our state should be based on the sword and science!
From that time on, the German bayonet flashed on the world, the German grenadiers twisted their mustaches, looking adoringly at the victorious king jumping along the line of troops. Then the most important thing began ...
The Germans began with the Swedes. They beat them, beat them, and drove them almost from the whole coast of the sea. Then they took up the Poles. The Poles were in force then, and the Swedes in general had a modern professional army, which even Peter I and his homespun army would teach to fight. And teach! So, the Germans beat the arrogant Polish gentry, reached Warsaw, fought 3 of the day and took the city in 1656 year. Poles were unlucky after all: they were trapped between the Germans and the Russians ... The Swedes were still twitching in the 1675 year, but under Ferbellin the 8 thousands of Germans routed 15 thousands of Swedes. It was after this that Europe was upset, and the main Austrian Habsburgs and their Holy Roman Empire, which occupied half of Europe, were listed at that time. The Hapsburgs contemptuously called the Germans "vandals" ("chocks", if we like ours), and the main lands inhabited by the Germans were part of their empire. That is where German bayonets headed in the next - XVIII century.
With the empire, the Germans fought long and carefully under the leadership of Frederick II. A talented commander, to be sure. Under him, the principle prevailed: "not an army for the state, but a state for the army." From half to two thirds of the state budget was spent on the maintenance of the army. Much was done to raise the prestige of military service: the officer was respected in society, received decent pay, but his level of military training was extremely high. 2, a candidate officer, was trained in the cadet corps, and then enrolled in the regiment, where the combat training load only increased. There was no speech in the German army, so that someone could get an officer's rank "under the protection", or simply buying it, as was practiced in many European countries. In the case of leaving the position without an order, the unit commander went to court with the inevitable sentence - shooting before the formation. The system of training an ordinary soldier has reached such a level that at one time they did not even take hard-working German peasants to the army (let them work for the good of the state!), But recruited any rabble, including foreign ones. With the help of sticks, fuhtels and the most severe punishments for the slightest offense, Prussian corporals and sergeant frontiers in a short time made a vagabond almost ideal for that time soldier. Frederick managed to make a qualitative breakthrough in the then military art. The German infantry was superior to the head of the army of all the then enemies in the rate of fire, speed of movement, controllability on the battlefield, and other important indicators. The German cavalry has become an incredible force of shock power. One of the Friedrich’s orders of the time said: “His Majesty is pleased that not a single healthy horse remains for two days in a row at the stable. This is the only way to get a cavalryman who deftly manages a horse and owns weapons... "Given the fact that the European cavalry (not excluding the Russian) saddled their horses once in 7-10 days, this order sounded truly revolutionary. But the results of all these military reforms were amazing! Under Rosbach, in just one hour, Friedrich broke the combined forces of the French, the Austrians, and the separate German principalities that joined them, surpassing the German army 2 times like a Tuzik heater. At the same time, about 10 thousands were destroyed, 7 thousands were captured and their soldiers lost 165. Prussian grenadiers, cuirassiers of Seidlitz covered themselves with undying military glory. Realizing that they could not cope with the brazen Germans, the Austrians called for help from the Russians, who had by that time strengthened and expanded the Russian Empire, created by Peter the Great. The battle of the German and Russian armies at Zorndorf is very significant.
The day turned out to be hot ... After the 2's hour-long shelling, which caused considerable damage to the Russian forces, Friedrich decided to strike the 20 battalions of infantry on the Russian right flank. To support the grenadiers was the cavalry. They walked by ledges - a proprietary German "oblique" attack. However, during the execution of the maneuver, because of the dustiness, as well as the smoke of the battlefield (the village was burning nearby), the forces of the German infantry and the cavalry missed. Suddenly, Russian dragoons flew out of smoke clouds, crashed into the Prussian army, and let's crush it. Russian infantry broke in behind the dragoons, the Prussians quivered and ran. Russian drove them selflessly, the entire Russian right flank rushed to the counter. After quietly waiting for the Russians to expose not only their flank, but also the rear, 46 of Seidlitz's selected squadrons rushed into a crushing attack, which no army in Europe could withstand. However, the Russian infantry did not run. Fighting from the cavalry, back to back, taking the place of the trampled and chopped comrades, the Russians fought to the death. Started a terrible massacre. The shots were barely audible, a clang of tens of thousands of bayonets and sabers stood over the field, at times the Germans' fury drowned out the Russians at times, and only the wounded moaned in one language that everyone understood — the language of the dying soldiers ... Both armies fought so fiercely that At the end of the battle, command and control was lost for all. Virtually all German and Russian generals were injured. Killed Russian lost 17 thousands, the Germans - 10, and both armies remained on the battlefield, not yielding to his enemy.
Painting A. Kotzebue "Zorndorfskoy battle"
In fact, the whole of the XVIII century Europe spent in the wars unleashed by the Germans. These battles meant a real world war. Total war ... The war that devastated the center and north of Europe. The war that destroyed the last claims of the Poles for hegemony in Northern Europe, and severely curtailed Austrian ambitions. The German people, in order to survive and win under the leadership of their kings, took militarism as a national order. There was a strong military spirit in the German nation, mixed with patriotism, loyalty to its leaders, devotion to traditions, a deeply rooted habit of order, obedience, pedantry. Observance of the established rules was strictly followed at all the steps of the German power hierarchy - from the king to the sergeant-major. Not only in the army, but also in civil society, the guilty subjects beat out mercilessly with fuchtels and gauntlets. The king himself did not disdain to call a cane to the one who falls under the arm. The upbringing of the royal monarchs proceeded exclusively in a militaristic spirit, and the first thing that the German kings cherished and cherished was, of course, the army. German women under the slogan “Kuche, Kinder, Kirche” (kitchen, child, church) were driven into the kitchen, periodically released into the church, sometimes they were allowed to wipe their snot to young grenadiers - but without the tenderness of the calf! In bed, too, there are no unpleasant excesses: the hands are strictly at the seams, the fingers are bent. The military has become a symbol of the nation, and the principle of the strict observance of discipline has become the basis for the existence of the nation.
Interestingly, the long conflict relations of Germany and England were laid precisely in those old times by two boys: the future king George II and his cousin Frederick Wilhelm (not the Great, the other). In adolescence, these two relatives had a fight. Well, how they fought: Georg simply bluffed Friedrich, shooing him like a hardened kitten of a naughty kitten, taking advantage of a five-year advantage in age. Frederick then harbored a grave resentment for life. In the future, both became kings and did not favor each other. And since the ambitions of both nations — both English and German — did not hold, they fought with each other for a long time and ... almost wrote - happily ...
So, the German - the focus of order. He organizes everything: pavement, forest, cavalry attack, world philosophy, cutting of human bodies in death camps. It is interesting how world values spoke of the national character of the Germans. So, Goethe believed that "the Germans complicate everything for themselves and others." English playwright B. Shaw: “The Germans have great virtues, but they have one dangerous weakness - obsession. Every good deed is taken to the extreme, so that goodness becomes evil. ” Russian philosopher N.A. Berdyaev noted that “other Germans never feel fraternal, as equal before God, with the acceptance of their soul. He always feels them as disorder, chaos, darkness, and only the German himself feels as the only source of order, organization and light, culture for all these unfortunate nations. ” Berdyaev wrote this during the First World War.
While the Germans were desperately freeing their place in Europe, the British hoisted their banners on other continents. The French, too, decently colonies grabbed. At the end of the XIX century, the Germans discovered that the world was divided without them. Here's a bummer ... Watch how your neighbors thrive - what could be worse ?! During the 200 years of war, the Germans quadrupled their territory, but what about England? In 20, in 30 times? "Guard, dishonest-oh-oh-oh !!!" - the Germans screamed, and with their pedantic scrupulousness (or scrupulous pedantry, as they like) began to prepare a new big war.
History The world wars unleashed by the German nation and its leaders in the twentieth century have been well studied. After losing the First World War, humiliated Germans were eager for revenge. Against the background of chauvinistic and revanchist sentiments, the Nazis came to power. And again - the total militarization of the state and nation! The Germans again, as has been repeatedly in history, made a qualitative leap in military affairs. They created an effective system of winning air supremacy, and the number of hours of training raid by the average German pilot exceeded the number of raids by the army of future opponents several times. Their ground forces outnumbered any adversary in many key indicators, and the German commanders were on 2 heads above the commanders of other armies in the ability to control troops. In the world ocean prowled the “wolf packs” of German submarines ready to paralyze shipping. And then ... They clicked like nuts, one country after another. The Czech Republic and Austria were swallowed, Poland was torn to pieces, France was crushed, and the incredibly risky operation to seize Norway was also crowned with success. Pushing aside the stupid Italians, they captured Yugoslavia with Greece, and splashing in the warm waters of the Mediterranean Sea with pleasure. "Junkers" drove the English fleet to distant bases. Rommel drove the British across the deserts of North Africa like rats. The German General Staff forgot the word "impossible", he was only looking for new "whipping boys" ...
In May 1941, the lead waters of the North Atlantic - the traditional estate of the English royal fleet (Royal Fleet) - impudently ripped up the arrogant stem of the battleship Bismarck - the flagship of the German navy.
It was a unique ship - the subject of inexhaustible pride not only of shipbuilders and sailors, but also of the entire German people, the focus of German power, practically - a symbol of the nation. The four main-caliber towers contained 8 guns (380 mm caliber), firing at 36 km with a projectile weighing 800 kg; maximum speed of 29 knots, total displacement of 50 thousand tons. A breakthrough into the central Atlantic meant automatic paralysis of all shipping between England and the United States. And the isolation of Great Britain meant its death in a matter of months. Despite the disgusting weather, the British still found a battleship in the area between Greenland and Iceland, and attacked. Fending off, the Bismarck covered the pride of the Royal Navy with a third salvo - the newest battle cruiser Hood, from which the artillery cellars exploded. However aviation overtook the German battleship and began to torment, then the destroyers arrived, followed by the English cruisers. Soon the silhouettes of the traditional owners of the Atlantic appeared - the battleships “King George V” and “Rodney”. A ton of shells rained down on the Bismarck, and due to damage to the helm the torpedo could not keep its course and conduct accurate fire. But the German sailors did not lower the flag. Soon it was all over, a flaming giant was shot by torpedoes at point-blank range by the English cruiser Dorsetshire. Germany did not take the tragic end of Bismarck as a warning sign - the land victories turned her head. In June, the Hans, Fritz and Adolf, completely stunned by the long impunity, attacked Russia. Started for health, ended for peace. Two great nations, worthy of each other in their military valor, again met to death, as then - under Zorndorf. Only now zorndorf was on a huge front almost every day.
The greatest battle of all time and people took place in the area of Stalingrad. This city was of great symbolic and strategic importance. German "Junkers" made hundreds and sometimes thousands of sorties on the day of Stalingrad bombing, rising to attacks from a handful of soldiers to several divisions. Dust, stench, ruins ... Even individual houses passed from hand to hand many times in this gigantic meat grinder. Once, a Soviet rifle division that crossed the Volga River flooded with burning oil from huge reservoirs and burning soldiers went into the attack ....
September to November 1942. in Stalingrad, significantly more 1 million people died on both sides, and the loss in the whole battle was an incredible number: 2,5 million people. It is impossible to become impudent: the Germans forgot this law, and the Russians reminded them. Russian military secret won the German military secret. The Germans who got stuck in street battles, having spent their reserves, were captured by the Russians with deadly ticks, squeezed and not released. But the Germans were not blown away in this war, like some European nations: not there, in the frozen deadly Stalingrad steppes, or later. They fought until the very end.
Because of their excessive ambitions, tens of millions of people died, hundreds of millions were plunged into poverty and inhuman suffering. Their operational and tactical art of war is worthy of the highest praise, but at the strategic level, their leaders committed grave mistakes. Their pseudo-moral allowed them everything, even worse than everything, and this is disgusting - when morality is replaced by ideology and discipline. Although this is not only Germans concerned. In the 1945 year, on the ashes and ruins of their native cities, under the hating glances of Russians and contemptuous ones - Americans, the Germans finally realized: we must live more calmly, without hysterics of these militaristic ones. They let their women out of their kitchens, allowed them to go to the theater, order fashionable hats, and even in bed they already allow different kinds of liberties. So different that the production of porn Germans, they say, ahead of the rest. Now the Germans are building beautiful cars that are worn on the magnificent autobahn; with their traditional scrupulous meticulousness perform the installation - to be friends without fail with all. But the Germans are especially pedantic and disciplined now with Russia, as their wise Chancellor Otto von Bismarck bequeathed in the 19th century. They drink good beer, eat thick fat sausages, and only occasionally glance in the direction of the cold sea, swallowed up in the turning point of 1941, their famous battleship Bismarck. And they sigh heavily ...
"Iron Chancellor" of Germany Otto von Bismarck.