There are two versions of the appearance of the word gringo. But both of them come from Mexico, belong to the middle of the nineteenth century and belong to the Americans. According to one of them, "green" means grunts, grunting like a pig (from the Spanish grunir - grunt).
According to the second version, when American troops invaded Mexico, they were already dressed in a new green uniform. And the Mexicans shouted “Green, go away!” (Green, go home), which subsequently fell to the Green go - gringo.
Whichever version is true, both of them were initially consistently negative and anti-American. For the next one and a half centuries, the Yankees did everything possible and impossible for the inhabitants of Latin America to develop a genetic rejection of the gringos.
It makes no sense to repeat descriptions of what the "most democratic country" did in its backyard, which to this day considers the American continent to the south of its own lands. Slave and semi-slave labor, barbaric extraction of "black gold", paramilitary operations are not just the US Army - armies of private corporations, constant pronuncimento, in which they changed objectionable rulers, appointing more compliant and less greedy puppets as presidents ...
It is therefore not surprising that Comrade Che and Bolivar are honored in all countries south of the United States, and Cuba is the pride of all the Latin states of the region (at least the population).
After the collapse of the USSR, the United States frolicked enough in the region of more than 21 million square kilometers. Russia in the "dashing 90-e" was simply not up to something to strive for, and only with the beginning of the 21-th century, the recovering country "remembered" that beyond the ocean there is not only life, but also buyers.
British Analytical Center Chatham House calculated that in the 2000-2016 years, of all Russian arms exports, this region accounted for only 4,6 percent. In this case, even such a small proportion in the bulk went to Venezuela - 80 percent.
Until now, only this country and Nicaragua, well remembering the American invasion and the suppression of the Sandinistas, buy about 60 percent of all the weapons they need from Russia. Other countries buy weapon in Brazil (which also buys weapons in Russia itself), China, the EU and the USA. By the way, it was China in the 2015 year that “beat off” Venezuela from Rosoboroneesport - that year, the People's Republic of China received 90 percent of the money spent on weapons purchases.
However, Russia is quite aggressively fighting for the arms market. This year, the country took part in four regional arms and security exhibitions, and the head of Rosoboronexport assures that it is ready for almost everything:
In Latin America, from 2001 to the present day, they supplied weapons and military equipment worth over 10 billions of US dollars. In recent years, competition from American and European arms manufacturers has increased significantly in this region, but we are ready to fight for the customer. For this we use all modern marketing tools. We offer flexible financial schemes, including netting, offset, trade-in, individual approach to each partner. Customers are confident in us and appreciate high-quality after-sales service, wide possibilities of modernization, as well as readiness to provide any technical and legal advice in the 24 / 7 format
While the numbers are not great, but there is success. So, for 20 with more than years of cooperation, we managed to deliver weapons to Colombia for half a billion dollars. At the Expodefense-2017 exhibition now taking place in Bogota (Colombia), a representative of Rosoboronexport Denisov said that
Today, the Colombian army is armed with more than 20 Mi-17 helicopters, and Rosoboronexport organizes their maintenance and repair in a timely manner. In addition, we see interest in active cooperation in other types of Russian products for all types of armed forces, as well as special units of the army and police.
At the same exhibition, it became known that Russia provided Argentina with documents for participation in the tender for the supply of MiG-29 fighters. Of course, the victory is still far away, but the market is promising and the experience of selling the MiG-29 from Russia is large.
There are also successes in negotiations with Brazil, which has already acquired in Russia Igla-S man-portable air defense systems several times. Anatoly Punchuk (head of the delegation), who is at the Expodefense-2017 exhibition, said:
Currently, the Brazilian side already has Igla-S MANPADS. It is obvious that the foreign customer acquired the amount of weapons that he considered sufficient to ensure his national security. At the same time, we are working with our Brazilian partners about the possibility of supplying an additional lot of this property.
Brazil has already received a previous order. But given that this country successfully sells weapons in the region, we can talk about additional purchases with further resale. MANPADS "Igla-S" is designed to destroy low-flying air targets including and catch-up courses under the influence of false heat noise. And since the Russian army is moving to a new generation of “Verba” MANPADS, there are an abundance of previous MANPADS.
With Venezuela, which received a loan of 6 billions of dollars for the purchase of weapons in Russia (from 2009 of the year), more than a dozen contracts have been fully implemented this year. Russia supplied Caracas with armored vehicles, missile and artillery weapons, air defense systems and "related military equipment." The plant for the production of AK-103 automatic machines is built according to the schedule and "commissioning will be carried out as scheduled."
In general, before Russia lies an almost immense market, which is still to be mastered and mastered.
At the last hour. Commander of the Ground Forces of the Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of Colombia, General José Alberto Mejía Ferrero awarded the Deputy Director General of Rosoboronexport Sergey Goreslavsky "for his significant contribution to maintaining the airworthiness of helicopter military equipment aviation land forces of the country. ”The Medal of Merit of the Colombian Ministry of National Defense was established for military and civilians who made a significant contribution to ensuring the accomplishment of tasks by the ground forces of the Republic.