Military Review

October 4 - Civil Defense Day of the Russian Emergencies Ministry

33
October 4 in our country celebrates the Day of Civil Defense Emergencies Ministry. Why October 4? The fact is that on this day in the 1932, in the USSR, a centralized system of local anti-aircraft defense (local air defense) was created. At the same time, the position was approved. The provision on the Ministry of Defense and Military Defense assumed the construction of shelters, the formation of rescue brigades, and the conduct of work on training the population in action during an air attack.


The structure of the MPVO was deployed in the system of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs. Local air defense from the day of its creation began to cover large industrial centers, cities, and important infrastructure facilities. In fact, the creation of a centralized air defense system was the beginning of the full development of civil defense in the country, which played an important role during the Great Patriotic War. Preparing the population for possible evacuation measures in case aviation The bombing helped save hundreds of thousands of lives from Minsk and Kiev to Leningrad, Tula and Moscow.

By 1961, the local air defense system was transformed into the USSR civil defense system (civil defense).

For your information:
civil defense - a system of measures to prepare for the protection and protection of the population, material and cultural values ​​in the country from the dangers arising from the conduct of hostilities or as a result of these actions, as well as in emergency situations of natural and man-made nature.

Attention was paid not only to protection against aerial bombardments, but also to protection against other variants of potential aggression from unfriendly states. Special attention was paid to the preparation of the Soviet population for a nuclear strike by American, as it were now expressed, “partners”. The actions of local authorities in warning the population with the “Air-raid”, “Radiation hazard”, “Chemical alarm” signals were practiced. Much attention was paid to the fact that a citizen should take with him to the shelter in case of receipt of one of these signals or several at once.

One of the posters on the subject “Civil Defense of the USSR”, connected with the protection of children from weapons mass destruction:
October 4 - Civil Defense Day of the Russian Emergencies Ministry


Poster "Civil Defense of the USSR", telling about the rules of evacuation of the population to the asylum:


These posters lucidly explained to the population the set of actions that must be taken to preserve their lives, health, and also to preserve the health and lives of other people. And these simple illustrations and tips, so it goes, do not lose their relevance to this day. If the Soviet authorities in April 1986 didn’t pull in with the recognition of the monstrous disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, they would promptly inform the public about the danger, taking care of the evacuation not several days after the explosion and fire, but on the same day, then perhaps many lives would be saved. But историяAs you know, it does not tolerate the subjunctive mood, and today no one, even one of the major specialists, can reliably say how many people were negatively affected by such a factor as radiation contamination of an area. Until now, the echo of the disaster that occurred 30 years ago, demonstrates its echoes in Belarus, Ukraine and Russia.

Speaking of the Chernobyl accident, one cannot but mention the feat that the USSR emergency services officers, soldiers, doctors, miners, firefighters, builders, drivers associated with the elimination of the consequences of what happened at night 26 on April 1986, committed then.

Civil defense activities are actively carried out in our country today. Civil defense events are held under the auspices of the Russian Emergencies Ministry.

So, on the day of Civil Defense, a large-scale training begins in all regions of the Russian Federation without exception. The press service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations reports that the training will involve both local governments and executive authorities of regions, territories, republics, as well as federal executive authorities.

The name of the GO training: "Organization of the implementation of civil defense measures in the face of large-scale natural and man-made emergencies in the Russian Federation."

The training will take place over the course of 4 days and consist of 3 different stages.
The 1 stage consists in working out the issues of warning and gathering representatives of various authorities.
2 stage: planning and organizing civil defense events, deploying force groupings to eliminate emergency situations.
3 stage: the organization of interaction between the authorities of the forces of civil defense.



From the press service of the department:
In the course of the training, it is planned to work out practical measures for the radiation, chemical and biological protection of workers and the public in the event of an emergency at critical and potentially dangerous facilities. It is also planned to conduct preventive measures on fire safety, civil defense, protection of the population and territories from natural and man-made emergencies at socially significant facilities, as well as at facilities with a massive presence of people.


The training will involve about 40 millions of people, more than 200 thousand specialists of rescue teams and more than 50 thousand units of various equipment.

One of the important areas of work of specialized services in the field of civil defense is preventive work with the public. After all, it is often the person who becomes the cause of an emergency. Burning a campfire in the forest can turn ashes of pine forest into ashes in a matter of hours. The exit of the fishermen to the open ice in the pre-flooding season may lead to the fact that hundreds of people will be held hostage to the elements. It is clear that there is a special category of people for whom warnings and prohibitions are some kind of book terms, but for most citizens preventive work on the part of specialists plays an important role.

The scheme of civil defense management in our days:


Activities in the field of civil defense allows you to maintain the livelihood of the population of the country in emergency situations of both man-made and natural nature.
Photos used:
http://www.mchs.gov.ru/
33 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Constructor1
    Constructor1 4 October 2016 06: 32
    0
    Tin!
    My wife, a teacher, got into this whirl ...))
    October 4, Teacher’s Day, teachers come during the parade, students congratulate, give flowers, hold concerts. And after lunch, she is engaged in the formation of trains and sending them to the evacuation soldier AWESOME!
    In addition, she has the 4th day off (day method), and today she has essentially 9 lessons ..., Try to survive after that ...
    1. Volodin
      4 October 2016 06: 59
      +1
      Quote: Designer 1
      4-October, Teacher's Day,

      So the teacher's day is like October 5th. And with the "sending trains to evacuation" by the teachers, you clearly overdid it. Is your wife a teacher? smile
      1. Constructor1
        Constructor1 4 October 2016 07: 40
        +2
        Quote: Volodin
        So teacher’s day is like October 5th

        Of course the 5th. And on the 5th and not the 4th, they have a GO (a little mistake) recourse . And on the basis of their gymnasium, an evacuation point is organized ...
        Yesterday the teachers taught the rules for HE and immediately passed the test to some "muddy" types wassat . A muddy because she does not even know who they are. They came and gave TsU, took off and left soldier
    2. Red_Hamer
      Red_Hamer 4 October 2016 09: 44
      +3
      Everything is new, well forgotten old! The "breeze" of the early 40s of the twentieth century blows more and more often. What to expect this time and from where? But you need to be ready for everything, a fact!
  2. aszzz888
    aszzz888 4 October 2016 06: 51
    +2
    Holiday of real men! Congratulations, heroes! Without you - no where! drinks
  3. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 4 October 2016 07: 00
    +7
    A holiday is good, but ... A service that lives and works should celebrate, and GO today is simply killed. First, you need to give birth again, and then celebrate.
    But veterans GO - HOLIDAY! HEALTH TO YOU AND LONG YEARS!
  4. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 4 October 2016 07: 30
    +5
    Quote: avg-mgn
    and GO is simply killed today. First, you need to give birth again, and then celebrate.

    I will support you. During the 90s they relaxed to such an extent that the bomb shelters turned, if not into warehouses, then into catacombs flooded with water. Gas masks in the warehouses of enterprises rotted (who will spend money on refreshing the stock). At some enterprises, even sirens do not work. Documentation since the 80s.
    1. PHANTOM-AS
      PHANTOM-AS 4 October 2016 11: 12
      0
      Quote: avg-mgn
      and GO is simply killed today. First, you need to give birth again, and then celebrate.
      But veterans GO - HOLIDAY! HEALTH TO YOU AND LONG YEARS!

      I fully support and join the congratulations !!!
  5. Masya masya
    Masya masya 4 October 2016 08: 18
    +8
    In my school years, civil defense classes were held at the NWP lessons ... Why not to return the NWP to schools? what
  6. wandlitz
    wandlitz 4 October 2016 09: 05
    +4
    October 4 - Civil Defense Day of the Russian Emergencies Ministry
    All those who served and participated in the exercises of GO units with HOLIDAY !!!
  7. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 4 October 2016 09: 21
    +2
    Quote: Designer 1
    Yesterday, teachers taught the rules of civil defense and immediately passed the test

    EXACTLY! It all started from school earlier. The teacher should be the first to convey to the young citizen the elementary actions in case of emergency, and not teach the "rules for civil defense" on the eve of the check. A mess, we lost our scent, and the enemy is at the gate. This is how many victims there will be absolutely superfluous !!!
  8. vladimirvn
    vladimirvn 4 October 2016 09: 27
    +5
    This organization is only at the beginning of its formation. To bring pig-iron heating batteries by air to the Far East is not a lot of mind. No one denies the heroism of ordinary employees in the liquidation of an emergency, but the Ministry of Emergencies does not fulfill its direct mission. The Ministry of Emergencies has removed itself from direct work with the population, taking on only inspector functions. A huge organization with an incomprehensible structure and vague responsibility.
    Do we have a trained and trained population for operations in civil defense and emergency situations?
    Have emergency and emergency rescue units been created and equipped at production facilities and at the place of residence?
    Do we have a notification system?
    Do we have at least 10% of the population asylum?
    Do not tell my slippers. And the inclusion of a siren on holidays is an indicator of their work.
    But with the holiday! For work comrades!
    1. nazgul-ishe
      nazgul-ishe 4 October 2016 12: 55
      0
      Civil defense and emergency situations are two different tasks. When forests and villages are on fire, this is one thing, when "atom" and "chemistry" are used, this is another. Putting everything in one hand is simply not capable. The small is hardly visible behind the big one. Emergency situations are different for everyone, but civil defense is large-scale and different money.
      1. Anatole Klim
        Anatole Klim 4 October 2016 15: 12
        +2
        Quote: nazgul-ishe
        An emergency is for everyone, but civil defense is large-scale and the money is different.

        Civil defense takes place under the threat of war and events are held in wartime, emergency is peacetime, measures for the localization and liquidation of emergencies.
        When forests and villages are on fire, this is one thing, when "atom" and "chemistry" are used, this is another.

        In peacetime, unfortunately, there can also be accidents at facilities with the release of "chemistry" and "radiation".
        To give everything in one hand is simply not capable

        Previously, there was no Ministry of Emergency Situations, firefighters were part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, GO troops were part of the Ministry of Defense, local authorities also had mobplanes for the war. Then they created the Ministry of Emergencies, but whether it became better, the question is big and not festive.
        1. INTA_VEGA
          INTA_VEGA 4 October 2016 16: 42
          0
          I look here information training has begun to prepare the population for the dismantling of the Ministry of Emergencies. Well, in principle, and rightly so. Kozhugetych gave birth to them, and he will destroy them.
          As I understand it, the Government still wants to divide the civil defense and the emergency: give the first to the military, and the second to the weakened National Guard of the Ministry of Internal Affairs?
        2. Igor V
          Igor V 4 October 2016 22: 21
          +3
          On the basis of our separate mechanized regiment of GO, as well as others, a mobile detachment of special protection was formed. As part of the regiment, we had to act in wartime, as part of a mob squad - in peacetime. Although the regiment left for the earthquake (a repetition of the Chait tragedy was predicted). There is not much difference: a storage facility with chlorine, for example, is destroyed by bombs or a composition with chlorine tanks has gone off the rails. The actions both there and there will be the same, only there will be its own specifics - communications, security, etc.
          I want to add that in the parts of the GO there was a strong engineering component. From drilling rigs to IMR. Now the Ministry of Emergencies does not see this.
    2. Crimean partisan 1974
      Crimean partisan 1974 4 October 2016 18: 17
      0
      that's for work, no one but us
    3. Crimean partisan 1974
      Crimean partisan 1974 4 October 2016 18: 20
      0
      vladimirvn- not that I wanted to deliver, here is the same
  9. VVM
    VVM 4 October 2016 11: 01
    +1
    Guys, Happy Holiday! I wish you as little as possible emergency
  10. Igor V
    Igor V 4 October 2016 11: 03
    +1
    Earlier there was a civil defense of the country and a republican (regional) civil defense, and now it has become a "civil defense ministry" ???
    Happy Holidays! drinks
  11. Leksandr
    Leksandr 4 October 2016 11: 10
    +3
    79-81 ..... how long has it been ....))
    1. Igor V
      Igor V 4 October 2016 11: 33
      +2
      I am 83-85 ..... soldier
  12. PKTRL
    PKTRL 4 October 2016 12: 43
    +1
    Today is the 59th anniversary of the launch of the first satellite. The 14th anniversary of the military space forces. 59th anniversary of the creation of the first military unit for the management of satellites in Bolshevo (Korolev), Moscow Region What a holiday today! .. wink
  13. nazgul-ishe
    nazgul-ishe 4 October 2016 13: 04
    +1
    Firefighters celebrate, rescuers celebrate, GO dances. Give earrings to all sisters and let everyone do their own thing. Still with HOLIDAY.
  14. Sashka
    Sashka 4 October 2016 13: 23
    0
    Here at VO there are guys from different parts of our Motherland! I suggest creating a topic such as "GO Results" or the like. And for each subject, unsubscribe, how it went, what happened, etc.
    Here, for example, is still silent in our Kanevsky district of the Krasnodar Territory. No events. I even learned about what will be (will we have?) Conducted on all subjects from the media.
    Good day!
    1. Igor V
      Igor V 4 October 2016 22: 04
      +1
      The main work of civil defense officers is to draw up mobile plans for all facilities for any emergency. This work is not visible to anyone, but it greatly affects the outcome of technological accidents and natural disasters.
  15. PKTRL
    PKTRL 4 October 2016 14: 45
    +2
    Quote: Sashka
    Here at VO there are guys from different parts of our Motherland! I suggest creating a topic such as "GO Results" or the like. And for each subject, unsubscribe, how it went, what happened, etc.
    Here, for example, is still silent in our Kanevsky district of the Krasnodar Territory. No events. I even learned about what will be (will we have?) Conducted on all subjects from the media.
    Good day!

    In St. Petersburg, sometimes from the "matyugalniks" located on the houses and in the metro, a male voice tells what to do when receiving an "air raid" signal by SMS notification or sound signaling .. I have not yet observed the repair of the bomb shelters.
    1. Paranoid50
      Paranoid50 4 October 2016 21: 02
      +4
      I confirm in St. Petersburg. SMS alerts from the Ministry of Emergency Situations about the upcoming vagaries of nature come regularly. Less than a month ago, he himself heard a voice from the reproducers, and immediately after the notification, Peter's steady heartbeat was metronome (the interval corresponded to the end of an air alert). Maybe it just coincided, but it was ... September XNUMXth.
  16. Gardamir
    Gardamir 4 October 2016 18: 17
    +3
    It was on October 4 that the liberals made the final coup d'etat and are still in power.
  17. PKTRL
    PKTRL 4 October 2016 18: 40
    +5
    Quote: Gardamir
    It was on October 4 that the liberals made the final coup d'etat and are still in power.

    On October 4, the launch of the first artificial earth satellite was always celebrated in Our country (USSR, Russia)! It is a pity that they do not understand this meaning now.
  18. murriou
    murriou 5 October 2016 11: 08
    +2
    Quote: nazgul-ishe
    Civil defense and emergency situations are two different tasks. When forests and villages are on fire, this is one thing, when "atom" and "chemistry" are used, this is another.

    When my father worked at the headquarters of the GO of the Ivanovo Region, he repeatedly organized fire fighting on peatlands and forests, specifically through the GO line and with the involvement of the GO staff.
    And this seems to me right: the structure of civil defense does not stagnate, people gain work experience, but do not lose it, duplication of huge expenses for maintaining a structure of such a scale is not required.
  19. atakan
    atakan 6 October 2016 14: 03
    0
    If a quarter of the shelters are ready, and not plundered, then this is our holiday,
    Day of Civil Defense and Emergencies.
  20. Konstantin M
    Konstantin M 2 December 2017 00: 18
    0
    An all-Russian educational and informational community for the discussion of civil defense has been created.
    WWW.COMMUNITY.CIVIL-DEFENCE.RU
    We discuss topical issues of civil defense and life safety.
    We are waiting for everyone among the registered users of the community !!!