Since 15 July, the Federal Law 61-FZ “On Defense” has come into effect in a new edition of 3 July this year. Obviously, the changes in the 1996 law of the year are caused by the appearance of the Rosguards, and are also associated with an analysis of the results of the two strategic exercises. As is known, civilian ministries, departments, as well as authorities of several subjects of the Federation participated in them. It is clear that in this case we can talk about mobilization measures. They are carried out in accordance with Section V “State of War. Martial law. Mobilization. Civil defense. Territorial defense "of the federal law.
The most recent sudden random test of the mobilization readiness of military and state authorities to act in armed conflicts of varying intensity and in crisis situations took place from 14 to 22 in June of this year. The state of the reserve formations, the stockpiles of weapons and military equipment, the organization of the interaction of the staffs with the executive authorities and military commissariats, and the readiness of the control system were checked. The mobilization readiness and ability to perform the tasks of territorial defense with the mobilization of individual military authorities and units was assessed. At the final stage, the possibility of the military districts to co-ordinate and withdraw the formed formations and units of special forces to the areas of emergency situations of natural and man-made character was tested.
The results of the verification were not reported anywhere. This is understandable, because the country's mobility and mobilization training are the most closed areas of government. Speaking at the joint Plenum of the Central Committee and Central Control Commission of the CPSU (b) in 1927, a member of the Politburo and Chairman of the USSR Supreme Economic Council Alexei Rykov, who replaced Vladimir Lenin in this post, said: “In military affairs, we have a number of such conspiratorial issues and things that we avoid sending out notes even to members of the Politburo and, in some cases, familiarize them with a single instance. ”
Nowadays, everything that relates to defense and security falls into the category of state and military secrets, and mobilization plans and mobilization schedules for deploying the armed forces and economic sectors during the transition period and in a state of war are in the first place among specially protected state secrets.
From the scanty bits of information, one can guess some conclusions drawn from strategic exercises and checks. It became known, for example, that 30 June at a meeting of the government of the Russian Federation discussed changes in some acts of the government. In particular, the powers of the Ministry of Environment, Rosprirodnadzor, Rosnedra, Rosgidromet, Rosvodresursy and Rosleskhoz to organize and ensure mobilization training and mobilization, as well as to monitor and coordinate the activities of their territorial bodies and subordinate organizations for mobilization training and mobilization were specified. Following the results of the discussion, the government of the Russian Federation, by its resolution 7 July, approved changes in some state acts. In accordance with them, the listed federal authorities should organize and ensure mobilization training and mobilization of their departments, as well as control and coordination of the activities of their territorial bodies and organizations under their authority for mobilization training and mobilization.
In follow-up to the decisions taken and in connection with the start of the budget process for the next three years, President 12 July held a meeting on the formation of the budget of the security forces in the current economic realities, taking into account the need to unconditionally ensure national security. The meeting was attended by Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev, Head of the Presidential Control Department Konstantin Chuichenko, Interior Minister Vladimir Kolokoltsev, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, Presidential Aide Andrei Belousov, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov, Chairman of the Accounts Chamber Tatiana Golikova, FSB Director Alexander Bortnikov, Director of the Federal National Guard Service - Commander-in-Chief of the National Guard Viktor Zolotov.
However, the motives, focus, institutional framework and dynamics of mobilization planning remain unclear. It may seem from the outside that military preparations are situational in nature and have little to do with the strategy for the development of international relations and Russia's place in them. It is not by chance that there are accusations from NATO that the Russian side formally violates the Vienna document 2011 on confidence-building and security measures. The next test of the nerves of NATO generals will be the West-2017 strategic command and staff exercise. At the board of the Ministry of Defense in March of this year, Sergei Shoigu noted that special attention is paid to the preparation of the Russian-Belarusian Regional Group of Forces for training. It is not difficult to guess that the exercises are a key event in the plan approved by the leadership of Russia and Belarus to create a unified military organization by the year of 2018. It is possible that the Union State will also have general mobilization plans. However, much in this matter depends on Moscow.
The large-scale re-equipment of the Russian army means a transition from the development of production facilities to the mass production of weapons and the accumulation of military stocks. It is argued that the military industry is the locomotive for the development of the entire economy. This statement is true here and now, but does not take into account the long-term perspective at all, and the process of turning to the strengthening of the military component in the economy causes the West to fear that having reached a critical mass, the Russian weapon may or should be directed against someone. Moscow’s assurances that the country's readiness is not being tested with the aim of committing aggression, but to strengthen the defense of the state, in the West do not want to hear.
The Kremlin makes up new mobilization plans
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