Military Review

Our memory. Brest Fortress. Part of 1

16



We continue our publications following a trip to Brest. And today we offer you a tour of one of the museums of the Brest Fortress.

The museum is located in one of the barracks in the citadel of the fortress. Actually, the barracks and the church (it’s a former club) is almost all that has survived on the island today. But the video tour along the fortress is still ahead, and we will proceed to the exposition of the museum of defense of the Brest Fortress.

The museum itself, let's say, is basically not impressive. Moreover, some moments, like lattices closing the aisles during off-hours, welded from the barrels of rifles, machine guns and bayonets found, caused misunderstanding and rejection. Not so it should be. Not deserved weaponwho fought in the fortress, a similar attitude to themselves. Silly and ungrateful.

In general, the museum as a museum. There were dozens, if not hundreds of them in the USSR. About the same content. In general, the spirit of the USSR is present.

But after some time, you begin to capture the essence that separates this particular museum from dozens of other brethren. Apparently, it was once reconstructed, and these inters and new windows breathed in, if not a new life, then they created their own spirit of this museum.

In the selection of photos, I tried to focus on these points. As far as it turned out, judge you already.


Sculpture at the entrance to the first hall.

In the first halls of many interesting documents relating to the time of construction of the fortress


8 thousand soldiers and 1 thousand horses ... And the fortress will be. Russia...












Each brick in the wall of the fortress carried the mark. Year and "BLK" - "Brest-Litovsk fortress".


Symbolic key to the fortress. Not been awarded once.


This was how direct fire issues were solved in the forts of the fortress.






Machine gun from the First World War. Found in the fortress citadel in our time.




The Soviet time began.








So tell me afterwards that "they did not believe, did not prepare, did not wait."


Please note that the signature of the commander 9 of the 17 frontier guard of the frontier detachment Lieutenant A.M. Kizhevatov. Subsequently - Hero of the Soviet Union.


They did not believe.




Typical room commander of those times.


Veterinary detachment of the Brest Fortress.


What can I say? Prepared, knew how.




Rare samples of weapons obtained by search engines.


What was the time for them after 22.06.1941? And whether it happened at all ...


Undermining the combat capability. And one of the worst. But how not to believe Tass?


By the way, a certain civilization of the Germans. Yes, pragmatic. But not more.

[Center]

Very impressive composition. On both sides of the border. Two soldiers: our and German. Two destinies. Short


[/ Center]
Entered ... Not all, but entered.






Please read it. It is impossible not to feel the peace and confidence of a man who met the war face to face just a week ago. And as far as Alexander was clearly aware that all the difficulties are still ahead ...




The tree of war. The trunk of the tree from the territory of the fortress.


Another letter from the front. Where are the cries of "all gone!"? Where is the panic? Imbued with the greatness of the spirit of these people.




Weapons invaders.




In the last rooms there are almost no exhibits. Only people. Those about which at least something is known. Small share.


Battle Order. It is written, apparently, on the tablet. 22.06.41. 20-00.






In the fortress were cavalrymen.




Everything is almost as it was found: a machine gun, empty boxes from under the tapes, a sea of ​​spent cartridges. And not a single patron ...




"We die, not shame ..." The bricks were removed from the wall in the basement of the Eastern fortification.




Known to all the inscription from the basement of the club. Original.




It was joyful then to the allies. Then it was joyful.








Faces, faces, faces ... "To be remembered."

[/ Center]
The last exhibit of the museum: a portrait of the writer Sergey Sergeevich Smirnov. The person who essentially saved the Brest Fortress from parsing construction materials. But we will talk about it separately.

Here is a museum. It is called the Museum of Defense of the Brest Fortress. It seems to me that it would be more correct to call it the “Museum of the People of the Brest Fortress”. So it would be more accurate.

In the next report I will talk about a completely new, recently opened museum. There, in the Brest Fortress. It causes very difficult feelings and sensations. Moreover, I still don’t know any analogues at all. So do not pass by.
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16 comments
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  1. EvgNik
    EvgNik 30 June 2016 06: 37
    +12
    Letters. I have preserved an excerpt from a letter from my cousin. The same calm, confident tone. He reassured his loved ones and faith in victory showed through in a small piece.
    The photos are gorgeous. As if he himself had visited a museum.
    1. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith 30 June 2016 11: 53
      +7
      Thanks for the nice photo review! We remember these hard days. It’s not possible to watch documentaries about the war without tears, especially now that we are at war.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 30 June 2016 07: 51
    +4
    So do not pass by.... Thank you, we won’t get through ..
  3. Aleksander
    Aleksander 30 June 2016 08: 05
    +6
    Thanks to Roman, the museum is still unusual: this is a museum "June 22, 1941"- the worst day in the history of our country ....
  4. gavrik
    gavrik 30 June 2016 09: 10
    +4
    Wonderful article. Thank. The great history of the Great Country and People.
  5. Evver
    Evver 30 June 2016 09: 13
    +2
    At the beginning of 90-x was on a business trip in Brest ... The host party gave us an excursion to the Fortress ...
    A unique, of course, place. And thanks to the Belarusians for keeping and honoring this memory with care!

    Novel, correct in the signature to the border violation scheme - it would not be more correct
    "signature of the commander of the 9th frontier post of the 17th frontier detachment, Lieutenant A.M. Kizhevaty."
    a "signature of the commander of the 9th frontier post of the 17th frontier detachment lieutenant A.M. Kizhevatov."
  6. Mikhail Matyugin
    Mikhail Matyugin 30 June 2016 09: 35
    +3
    Many thanks to the respected Roman for such a wonderful, directly soulfully selected material! Loved it!
  7. Nonna
    Nonna 30 June 2016 10: 19
    +4
    Great museum and stuff. Thanks for the article. Will wait
  8. Torins
    Torins 30 June 2016 11: 06
    +2
    I want to bring my wife Ukrainian there, but while the car is not on track)
  9. KOMA
    KOMA 30 June 2016 11: 23
    +2
    Eternal memory to the Heroes!
  10. Ilmir099
    Ilmir099 30 June 2016 13: 05
    +2
    The wonderful museum has the feeling that time stopped there, there is a great desire to get there on May 9th.
  11. Starik72
    Starik72 30 June 2016 17: 30
    +2
    THANKS NOVEL !!! Sincerely . Vladimir
  12. Dr. Sorge
    Dr. Sorge 30 June 2016 17: 48
    +3
    Thanks for the article and feedback.
    About the decision of the grids do not rush to draw conclusions. This was the idea of ​​the authors, restoring the complex. One of the ideas that even now this weapon protects firmly the openings of fortifications from enemies. :)
  13. Todessichel
    Todessichel 30 June 2016 18: 32
    +1
    Thank you!
    Very interesting.
  14. m262
    m262 30 June 2016 21: 23
    +2
    Was a year ago in the fortress, a place amazing in terms of energy, if there are places of "power" somewhere, it is here. I went down to the basement of the 333rd Infantry Regiment and I don't understand how they stayed there for more than a month ...
  15. not main
    not main 30 June 2016 21: 43
    +3
    Thank you for the article! He was in the Brest Fortress in 1976. I was 13 at the time, but the memory of a lifetime struck is the entrances to the casemates with melted bricks! What temperature must be created in order to melt clay and burnt bricks? And the fact that the Germans used flamethrowers to fight against the defenders of the Brest Fortress is not a secret at all!
  16. igordok
    igordok 30 June 2016 22: 03
    +2
    Thank you.
    Since my childhood, a lot has changed. Here are just bricks, melted and with inscriptions that remained in memory.