Military Review

Let's face it - sanctions failed (Foreign Policy, USA)

92
Let's face it - sanctions failed (Foreign Policy, USA)



Europe is discussing the resumption of economic ties with Russia. But do the sanctions imposed by the United States against Moscow remain effective?

From Iran to Russia, Africa and North Korea - the Obama administration is constantly using financial sanctions everywhere as the preferred means against the opponents of the United States. However, over the past year, it was the allies of America who were increasingly confronted with troubles, forcing Washington to ask itself the question: is this favorite economic tool not becoming as a result of excessive use ineffective and in some cases counterproductive?

The American financial system is the engine of all global trade. Sanctions, which are prohibitive or in some other respects too restrictive to encourage trade risks, direct business to foreign markets - and thus they create new alliances between long-standing friends and enemies of America.

“It is important to be confident that our sanction tools remain effective and that they are not being used excessively,” said Acting Deputy Secretary of the Treasury Adam Shubin (Adam Szubin) this month. “We must continue to weigh the costs and benefits of our sanctions regimes, and ensure that this ratio is in our favor.”

Shubin oversees counter-terrorism issues in the Ministry of Finance, as well as the direction related to financial intelligence. His boss, Treasury Secretary Jack Lew (Jack Lew) warned Congress in March that financial transactions could be bypassed by the United States if sanctions “make the business environment too complicated and unpredictable, and also if they are too active intervene in cash flows all over the world.

We must be aware of the risk that the excessive use of sanctions could undermine our leadership position within the global economy, as well as the effectiveness of the sanctions themselves, ”said Lew.

For example, the tension associated with the United States imposed sanctions against Russia and Ukrainian separatists, has split the US allies in Europe, who are already experiencing financial difficulties, and soon they will face the indirect impact of the imposed penalties. On Thursday, the lower house of the French Parliament approved a non-binding resolution calling for the lifting of sanctions imposed by the European Union against Russia.

“Sanctions have been successful? Not. This is a real failure, ”said Italian lawmaker Deborah Bergamini, who is also a delegate to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, in her speech at a forum in Rome devoted to the analysis of relations between the West and Russia. According to her, Italy lost at least 1,25 a billion euros in its exports after the United States and the European Union imposed sanctions in 2014.

Chief Coordinator for US Department of State Sanctions Ambassador Daniel Fried disagreed with her argument and noted that it was the sanctions that made it possible to reach an agreement on a ceasefire, known as the Minsk Agreements, which after that are almost not implemented in the Donetsk region in eastern Ukraine .

“I disagree with the fact that the sanctions have failed,” said Fried of this conference, held at the Center for American Studies in Rome. - If it were not for the sanctions, then there would be no Minsk agreements at all - and there would be more hostilities. The sanctions created an opportunity for a diplomatic solution. ”

Bergamini objected: “The sanctions were a failure; I insist on it ... Europe pays a big price for it. Let's face it. ”

At this time, Kremlin adviser Dmitry Suslov (Dmitry V. Suslov), deputy director of the Russian Council on Foreign and Defense Policy, sat quietly in his chair, and a slight smile played on his reddish face.

“Sanctions harm both sides,” said Suslov and added that economic measures had little impact on Russian military actions in the Donbas. "They could not change the behavior of Russia."

New studies by the Cato Institute and the New American Security Center (Center for a New American Security - CNAS) raise the question of how effective sanctions are, in fact, as well as evidence that there is growing evidence that they have a negative wave pattern. Effect.

Researcher at the Catona Institute Emma Ashford (Emma Ashford), an expert in the field of energy policy, called the sanctions against Russia "a complete failure." In her opinion, the sanctions caused a shortage of food and problems with loans from ordinary Russians, and ultimately "they are detrimental to the US economy and the geopolitical interests of the United States."

The Ministry of Finance in its message sent to the editorial office of Foreign Policy magazine by e-mail, did not agree with this statement.

"It is obvious that the sanctions, together with the collapse in oil prices, force the Russian leadership to pay a high price, while all this has a limited macroeconomic effect on the economy of the United States and Europe," the statement said. It further states that transatlantic economic sanctions "have already contributed to worsening financial conditions, reducing confidence and reducing investment in Russia." The Russian economy is in recession, as its pillar has suffered from sanctions from the United States and the European Union, introduced in 2014 as punishment for invading Ukraine. This year, the ruble showed a record fall against the US dollar, and, moreover, Moscow suffers from a decline in oil prices, which led to a sharp reduction in planned budget revenues. A poll conducted by Reuters on Thursday says that the Russian economy will shrink by another 1,5% in 2016, and experts from the International Monetary Fund believe that the Russian economy will not be out of recession next year.

There is one successful example of sanctions - Iran.

In the middle of 2000-ies, the United States, the UN and the European Union imposed a number of sanctions against Tehran in order to force the Islamic Republic to comply with the terms of an international non-proliferation treaty, under which it cannot possess nuclear weapons. These sanctions were strengthened in 2012 against the backdrop of protracted and ineffectual negotiations between the world powers and Tehran; As a result, Iran’s economy was severely affected, oil production declined, and its exports fell by more than half — from 2,5 million barrels in 2011 to 1,1 million barrels in 2013.

The financial implications, as well as the coming to power as a result of the election of relatively moderate Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, gave a new edge to the negotiations on the nuclear issue. In July, 2015, the world powers agreed to lift the sanctions in exchange for Iran’s reduction of its nuclear program, although such a goal for a long time seemed unrealistic.

“Our sanctions against Iran’s nuclear program are the most convincing example of how global efforts with serious diplomacy can ensure success,” Lew said in a speech in Washington last month.

However, the nuclear deal reached with the help of the sanction also provoked a backlash against the United States by Israel and Saudi Arabia - two key allies in the Middle East - and Washington still has to somehow mitigate the problems that have arisen. In the Congress, Republicans and some Democrats insist on rejecting this deal, including by increasing the sanctions against Iran. Lawmakers from the Republican Party also oppose attempts by the Obama administration to provide Tehran with greater access to the global financial system, including conducting dollar transactions.

But even Iran is unhappy: The head of the Central Bank of Iran, Valiollah Seif, this month accused the United States and Europe of not complying with the terms of the nuclear deal, as they are blocking the Islamic Republic’s access to the international financial system.

В stories about the impact of sanctions on Iran is not paying due attention to what CNAS believes is the main - if not the main - reason for Iran’s financial difficulties: “the fall in oil prices in 2014, as well as significant omissions caused by poor economic management” . CNAS experts believe that this also applies to Russia.

In the world as a whole, the Ministry of Finance has introduced existing sanctions for 28 programs. Some apply to geographic regions and countries, while others are limited to individuals and business elites. Although most of them remain invisible - with the exception of those people, businesses and governments that they directly affect - very many of them are very far from stopping the aggression of unfit players. As for North Korea, the trade embargo imposed to punish Pyongyang for its nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs did not force the hermit kingdom to abandon frequent rocket launches, including the one that was carried out on Thursday this week.

As for South Sudan, the Obama administration has long been threatening - the last time this week - to impose sanctions on President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar for not complying with the rather vague peace agreement, as well as for the ongoing bloody power struggle in the third year of his reign. However, Washington has so far refrained from directly punishing Kiir and Machar, although he has imposed large-scale sanctions against those who threaten the stability of Southern Sudan, including through war crimes and human rights violations.

The United States also warns that they may eventually ask the United Nations Security Council to impose a supply embargo on South Sudan, although the Obama administration has opposed such measures for several years.

American sanctions against Somalia led to unexpected - and devastating - consequences. According to experts, restrictions on the money sent to Somalia stopped the financing of the Al-Shabab terrorist group operating in that country. However, a report from the Center for Global Development, published in 2015, concluded that legal cash transfers to non-profit aid organizations or impoverished relatives also declined.

“The main sources of income, as everyone in Somalia recognizes, are remittances,” emphasizes Elizabeth Rosenberg, senior researcher at CNAS. “You have closed the main source of income for the country.”

However, American sanctions imposed on Russian oligarchs and warring separatists in eastern Ukraine are the most puzzling, as well as the question of whether Europe will extend its restrictive measures.

In addition to France and Italy, the number of those who support the lifting of sanctions is also growing in Germany. Last month, German Economy Minister Sigmar Gabriel called on the European Union to try to create conditions for the lifting of sanctions by the summer of this year. The trade between Moscow and Berlin fell by about 12 billion euros (13,6 billion dollars), which is a quarter of the total trade from 2014 to 2015 year, said Michael Harms, chairman of the Russian-German Chamber of Commerce.

As expected, the leaders of the European Union in June will decide on the extension of their sanctions. Representatives of the Ministry of Finance said on Thursday that, in their opinion, the sanctions will continue, as evidenced by the talks held by Barack Obama last week with some European leaders.

Foreign direct investment in Russia fell from 69 billions of dollars in 2013 to 23 billions in 2014, that is, after the invasion of Moscow in the Crimea. Anders Åslund, an expert on the economic policy of the Atlantic Council, noted that it was precisely these goals that pursued sanctions, and this is evidence that they have a certain negative impact.

“International finance in Russia is a one-way street from Russia. There is no possibility to receive alternative financing, ”he added. However, the flip side of this coin is the economic impact of the imposed sanctions on Europe.

According to the European Commission, the sanctions have reduced economic growth in the European Union by 0,3% of GDP in the 2015 year, that is, at a time when there was an urgent need for economic expansion. Austrian Institute for Economic Research (ASTI) experts concluded that continuing sanctions against Russia could cost over 92 billion euros, or 104 billion dollars in the next five years, in the form of losses in export earnings, as well as 2,2 million jobs. Financial problems are particularly acute in Germany, which could lose about 400 thousands of jobs due to sanctions.

A CNAS report released this month stresses that modern sanctions "do not have a significant impact on the target country's GDP."

However, the sanctions, in fact, "have a significant impact on foreign investment, corruption, business conditions, governance, as well as other components of the country's hospitable attitude towards the international financial community," the report stresses.

Perhaps it is for this reason that Western officials rethink their attitude towards the use of sanctions instead of other means of influence on the enemy. In February of this year, Deputy Defense Minister Christine Wormuth admitted that the sanctions “have not yet changed what Russia is doing on the ground, and this is causing great concern.”

Roseberg, a CNAS researcher, believes that sanctions do not have a direct impact on GDP and do not cause its decline. In her opinion, there is no single and simple way to measure the effectiveness of sanctions, which are detrimental to the American economy, although it is not possible to establish its size.

“It’s terrible that we are so aggressively using this set of economic instruments against Russia, the vast global economy, without conducting a thorough simulation of their impact and their consequences,” Rosenberg emphasized.

"All this, of course, has its price, and the question is whether we want to pay it."
Author:
Originator:
http://foreignpolicy.com/2016/04/28/sanctions-are-a-failurelets-admit-that/
92 comments
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  1. Altona
    Altona 4 May 2016 21: 20
    +51
    The essence of the sanctions is cutting off financing of our economy by foreign banks. In general, we would not need it if the Government itself was doing this instead of buying treasures. Excessive purchases, when "money has nowhere to go because it will be stolen," to quote Kudrin's thesis. In general, that's all. As for counter-sanctions, we would have dealt a tangible blow if we had not imported ready-made European and American cars, at least. But now there will be a lot of opponents of this measure with the arguments "we are doing ours badly, and we will also stop buying" good ". For the record, the Germans themselves buy Skoda instead of the kosher Folks, and the Honda instead of the Merce. But here the taste and color of the counter-sanctions are different. And so the dead-end economic policy of the Government hurts many times more than the American fences of sanctions.
    1. Michael67
      Michael67 4 May 2016 21: 24
      +35
      Without parmesan somehow norms. I live. From time immemorial I have been consuming only Crimean wine.
      I didn’t feel the sanctions. Personally.
      We build ships, pl and apl, planes (the best in the world). Stimulated their industry and agriculture.
      He felt a rise in prices due to cheaper oil. But oil is not connected with sanctions.
      So, let them keep all Western speculations about "take-not-take off" with them, along with rotting agricultural products, etc.
      Our time is coming to dictate the conditions for lifting sanctions.
      And one more thing: to ban the sale of RD-18 outside the Russian Federation.
      1. Asadullah
        Asadullah 4 May 2016 21: 36
        +15
        But oil is not connected with sanctions.


        Oil is an element of economic war. Sanctions are also an element of this war. And much more. The most interesting thing is that the agreements between the United States and the Saudis, showed the last real US weakness. When the SA decided to exit the game with prices, the Americans threatened them with a report on September 11th. Then the Saudis threatened to return American assets to their homeland. At this blackmail exchange ended. Talked with familiar Arabs from the SA, they openly mock the Americans. What kind of superpower is it that a bunch of medieval princes with a king at their head, whom the United States themselves have made super-rich .... can fight for, why the hell did they put in place?
      2. Altona
        Altona 4 May 2016 21: 46
        +15
        Quote: Michael67
        He felt a rise in prices due to cheaper oil. But oil is not connected with sanctions.

        ----------------------
        In principle, price increases hit shopaholics who need new pants every three months and a new TV every year. I have been wearing pants and shoes for three years, for example. The old LCD TV is easily upgraded with a console with the DVB-T2 tuner for 2500 thousands instead of buying a new one for 30 thousands, before that a video player for flash drives for a thousand was bought. Now, through the HDMI connector, you can connect to the TV set a minicomputer for 8 thousand with an Atom processor (who needs only Word and the Internet). So everything is relative and reserves of savings are quite there.
        PS It was written for those who are limited in means, and not as a panacea. Price growth itself is certainly evil, as is excessive consumption.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. Horst78
          Horst78 5 May 2016 04: 49
          +5
          Quote: Altona
          In principle, price increases hit shopaholics who need new pants every three months and a new TV every year.

          I have a telly SONY 1996. plowing not complaining. I put the Rolsen prefix but from the 168 channels I look at the order of 20.
          1. Ros 56
            Ros 56 5 May 2016 06: 54
            +4
            Go to the cable, you will watch 200 channels. But from experience I’ll say the maximum I use in practice, from strength well, 15-20. hi
      3. Zoldat_A
        Zoldat_A 4 May 2016 22: 16
        +35
        Quote: Michael67
        Without parmesan somehow norms. I live. From time immemorial I have been consuming only Crimean wine.

        Cognac of the Kizlyar plant (Ordzhonikidze, 60 - not to be confused with Kirov, 70 !!!), medical alcohol in the form of its own tinctures (there is ANYWHERE good vodka), its wine, from grapes from the dacha. In autumn, the week of hell in the kitchen - all winter and other gadgets snacks. There’s enough pension for a bucket of potatoes, and there’s still enough money to make a kilo of meat.

        Quote: Michael67
        He felt a rise in prices due to cheaper oil. But oil is not connected with sanctions.

        Oil is getting cheaper - gas is getting more expensive - prices are rising. Oil rises in price - gas rises in price - prices for everything rise .... So do not care about them? For prices, for oil, for sanctions, for hucksters, the Government, together with their spiritual father - Kudrin ...

        Show me a person in our country who has not developed immunity to price increases in 25 years?


        Dostom has not tried us yet ... Although something tells me that we will survive it ... We’ll bite some alcohol and fried potatoes ...
        1. vlad66
          vlad66 4 May 2016 22: 59
          +21
          Quote: Zoldat_A
          We haven’t tasted us with Dost ... Although something tells me that we will survive it too ... We’ll drink alcohol and fried potatoes ...

          And we have not experienced this, we will survive the sanctions. fellow laughing
      4. Vitali-46
        Vitali-46 5 May 2016 10: 35
        0
        To ban the sale of RD 180 to the States is a good idea, because it’s no secret that everything that they launch into space, including spy satellites, flies with the help of RD 180 ... But if I'm not mistaken, NPO Energomash named after academician V.P. Glushko "makes this engine only for the US ... If you prohibit the sale, the company will be left without a solid profit!
        1. ver_
          ver_ 5 May 2016 15: 03
          0
          .. buying these RD 180 mattress covers from us hinders the development of our industry - this is profitable for us - using this "event" we are moving forward in the development of our military space industry .. By the way, about the birds: hypersound in Russia (product 4202) has been tested successfully yet in 2004 .. it just wasn't advertised until the right moment ..
    2. Major Yurik
      Major Yurik 4 May 2016 21: 28
      +7
      Yankees, you still falter Yuroston volcano to declare sanctions to declare, after all smokes, you bastard, on your striped ass! fool
    3. Vadim237
      Vadim237 4 May 2016 21: 28
      +2
      If European cars were banned, it would have a great impact on those who assemble, sell and service these cars - this is about a million more unemployed in Russia.
      1. Reserve officer
        Reserve officer 4 May 2016 21: 42
        +10
        The sanctions generated by the Americans have shamed everyone - both us and the EU. But only that.
        And if it were not for the stupid position of our own Government, then they would only benefit us - in the sphere of development of production and agriculture. It’s more difficult with the banking sector, but even there you can’t always lag behind. If you want to establish your own credit and payment system without Western money, it is quite realistic.
        So I would not say whether the sanctions have failed or not. Just a new reality. With new losses, but also with new opportunities.
        1. guzik007
          guzik007 5 May 2016 08: 19
          0
          And if not for the stupid position of our own Government, then they would only benefit us
          ---------------------------------------
          How much do you demand from our government?
        2. ver_
          ver_ 5 May 2016 15: 14
          0
          .. have not tried to go to the site "made by us" - there is infa for every day where, what, how much was built .. - in the feed section you can track the development over several years - from the moment the site started working ..
      2. Altona
        Altona 4 May 2016 21: 55
        +2
        Quote: Vadim237
        If European cars were banned, it would have a great impact on those who assemble, sell and service these cars - this is about a million more unemployed in Russia.

        --------------------------
        Importing finished cars is useless. But we have localization quite. Mazda, in order to stay on the Russian market, went to the construction of a full-cycle motor plant in the Far East. And this is very good. These are not the cunning Americans who banned the Germans from selling Sberu the exhausted Adam Opel AG in 2009.
        1. Signore Tomato
          Signore Tomato 5 May 2016 13: 04
          0
          Quote: Altona
          ...
          Importing finished cars is useless. But we have localization quite. ... y.


          Oga-oga!

          Localization with us is a complete story! I have a Bosch washing machine. A true Aryan. It has been plowing for 12 years. He washes six of them. Half a year ago I changed the brushes, and the shock absorbers creak. But a neighbor bought a "localized" washing machine two years ago. Also Bosch. Already changed the electronics, while under warranty. Che, he says, shakes her strongly - he climbed to feel the shock absorbers - one is already dangling, like it is in the hole!
          And so in everything! What cars, what the rest!
          1. fzr1000
            fzr1000 5 May 2016 18: 45
            +1
            I have Bosch onwards. Flight is normal. I will tell you so, now you can buy a machine made in the EU and get the same result. Quality drops intentionally. Everything is like with cars.
      3. 33 Watcher
        33 Watcher 5 May 2016 04: 11
        0
        Quote: Vadim237
        If European cars were banned, it would have a great impact on those who assemble, sell and service these cars - this is about a million more unemployed in Russia.

        Well, it was possible to impose an oil and gas imbargo, but they themselves would sprinkle, and they don’t want to ...
    4. OlegLex
      OlegLex 4 May 2016 22: 09
      +7
      It should be understood that the imposition of sanctions on our country was mainly aimed not at the Russian economy, but at the pockets of its oligarchs, with the goal of creating, first of all, the necessary conditions for an internal conspiracy against the ruling elite of our State. However, as with sanctions against the economy, this led to the exact opposite effect, firstly they took up money refugees very quickly (well, when they grab a billion and tear their claws to London), secondly, those who really make money in our economy began to transfer their assets to Russia in order to protect them. So please do Comrade Putin so that sanctions are not lifted (quote from an appeal to our President)
      1. 33 Watcher
        33 Watcher 5 May 2016 05: 48
        +4
        Quote: OlegLex
        So please do Comrade Putin so that sanctions are not lifted (quote from an appeal to our President)

        This is us at a time! Now we will take South Ossetia into the composition and another five years Wed ... cha provided. laughing
    5. Denis Obukhov
      Denis Obukhov 4 May 2016 23: 38
      +10
      I don’t know how others do, but for some reason the sanctions themselves cause me more irritation than the sanctions themselves, but the fact that they were imposed as PUNISHMENTS. What are we boys in pants that can be put in a corner and give a belt? The punishment for Assad is ISIS. The punishment for Yanukovych is the Maidan. Gaddafi's punishment is the bombing and no-fly zone.
    6. Denis Obukhov
      Denis Obukhov 4 May 2016 23: 41
      +13
      The greater the specialization of the economy, the more acute are the sanctions. The phenomenon of sanctions in relation to Russia is that the population of Russia has a great alternative: cottages, land, a garage economy and other trash, etc., which contributes to a temporary experience of a fall in human income. In the West, they don’t even think in such categories; for them, a decrease in the standard of living will be more sensitive and catastrophic, because a person is engaged in highly specialized activities and does not think that you can cheat. How can you intimidate a population if it has survived 90 years?
      1. ver_
        ver_ 5 May 2016 15: 27
        0
        ... a person does not live for the accumulation of wealth - in the afterlife it is not quoted. Live without falling into poverty and do not strive for wealth - the middle is the meaning of Buddhism ..
    7. mihasik
      mihasik 5 May 2016 00: 10
      +8
      Quote: Altona
      And so the deadlock economic policy of the Government is much more harmful than the American fences of sanctions.

      I agree.
      Western sanctions limited the flow of cheap and long-term loans from abroad, to the same banks. Simultaneously with the West, the "native" Central Bank introduced internal sanctions against businesses and the population, raising the interest rate. If there is nowhere to take cheap money, how do you think prices and inflation will rise?) So, personally, it seems to me that we have lost more from the actions of the Central Bank and the Government of the Russian Federation than from Western sanctions.
      And if the West and the Central Bank with the Government "work" in unison against the economy and the population of Russia, the question arises, and to whom are these Russian structures subordinate? And what kind of development are our media talking about if there is such an internal "brake"?
      1. Sid.74
        5 May 2016 09: 24
        +7
        The apotheosis of American sanctions is probably in this ....

        The US Congress supported an increase in the RD-180 rocket engines purchased from Russia

        The US House of Representatives Committee on Armed Forces voted to purchase twice as many Russian-made RD-180 rocket engines from Russia, increasing their number from nine to 18
        Looking at this, Europeans probably bite their elbows ... imposed sanctions on their heads ... and we imposed an embargo on them in full ... fellow

    8. Vitali-46
      Vitali-46 5 May 2016 10: 01
      0
      Skoda say ... First, Skoda belongs to Volkswagen concern !! For 25 years already !!! And secondly, here’s the top 10 of brands sold to you in Europe in the 1st quarter of 2016:

      1 VW-534 CARS (decline-060%) 1,8 Ford-2 (increase-370%)
      3 Renault-368 209 (increase-5,8%) 4 Opel-296 286 (increase-7,8%)
      5 Peugeot-287 977 (increase-5,2%) 6 Fiat-255 287 (increase-10,4%)
      7 Mercedes-248 011 (increase-7,3%) 8 Audi-224 209 (increase-10,8%)
      9 BMW-217 629 (increase-11,0%) 10 Citroen-201 935 (decline-0,7%) For information: the EU market has been growing for 32 consecutive months! According to the results of 2015, sales grew by 9,3% reaching 13 713 526 cars!
    9. GSH-18
      GSH-18 5 May 2016 11: 16
      +1
      Let's face it - sanctions failed (Foreign Policy, USA)

      Having introduced sanctions against us with America, Europe is currently in the position of tsutswang, when any step in aggravating the sanctions only worsens their situation. Their problems will grow like a snowball. Overstocking of their own markets, quotas is a serious obstacle to the acceleration of production and the economy.
  2. poquello
    poquello 4 May 2016 21: 20
    +2
    the bourgeois stepped on their own eggs
  3. Vadim237
    Vadim237 4 May 2016 21: 21
    +4
    The price of oil at $ 90 per barrel would have multiplied all these sanctions, from around the world, against Russia by zero.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  4. lexa333
    lexa333 4 May 2016 21: 25
    0
    Interesting article.
  5. rosstov
    rosstov 4 May 2016 21: 26
    +9
    "Let's face it - the sanctions have failed"

    Why failed? We have not had such an incentive to develop our own economy for a long time.
  6. Aandrewsir
    Aandrewsir 4 May 2016 21: 26
    +6
    The main and only producers of "cut green paper" "scared the hedgehog naked well ... sing"! Only the "hedgehog" turned out to be not at all shy and helpless, but well ... she was somehow too skinny ... And black too!
  7. Asadullah
    Asadullah 4 May 2016 21: 28
    +10
    Something like articles began to appear quite a lot, probably really decided to remove the sanctions. Damn, they suffered at least two more years, so that industry would get on the wing ....
    1. halzan7
      halzan7 4 May 2016 22: 03
      +2
      which specify?
      1. mark2
        mark2 4 May 2016 22: 18
        0
        which specify?


        Yes, practically, no smile
    2. GELEZNII_KAPUT
      GELEZNII_KAPUT 5 May 2016 04: 49
      +3
      Quote: Asadullah
      Something like articles began to appear quite a lot, probably really decided to remove the sanctions. Damn, they suffered at least two more years, so that industry would get on the wing ....

      The economy began to stir, apparently the debts were paid back to the main EU and to the rest of the various hegemons and their assistants, and the money that has been freed up remains in Russia, so they began to understand, realizing that nothing would break off! bully
  8. m077ea
    m077ea 4 May 2016 21: 32
    +1
    that the sanctions “have not yet changed what Russia is doing on earth, and this is a matter of great concern” - I read it as “enough to wage economic wars, it's time to crush it by force.” Although, of course, my imagination may have run wild.
    1. Barakuda
      Barakuda 4 May 2016 22: 17
      +2
      Under Secretary of Defense Christine Wormuth admitted that the sanctions “have not yet changed what Russia is doing on earth, and this is of great concern

      Personally, I am concerned about her - "deputy minister" bespectacled existence, a victim of an unsuccessful abortion, God forgive me .. (the photo of the pancake is not inserted already from the 4th attempt)
      1. Sid.74
        5 May 2016 09: 06
        +2
        Quote: Barracuda
        photo damn is not inserted already with 4 th attempt

        Yes please ... here she is ...
  9. Baloo
    Baloo 4 May 2016 21: 41
    +5
    I have long introduced economic sanctions against the FSA: I did not buy and I do not buy bucks. bully
    1. Barakuda
      Barakuda 4 May 2016 22: 26
      +1
      Oh you spoiled bear smile And the OSes can be seen enemy "Windows"? not Penguin-Linux, and Intel percent, not Neuron. wink
      1. Passer
        Passer 4 May 2016 22: 54
        +2
        The processor was recently released by "Baikal", we will see what kind of beast. At work, the equipment is on Everest, I have no complaints about it.
        1. GSH-18
          GSH-18 5 May 2016 11: 22
          +1
          Quote: Passer
          The processor was recently released by "Baikal", we will see what kind of beast. At work, the equipment is on Everest, I have no complaints about it.

          While the cost of the system unit in this process is sky-high. These boxes can only afford defense! Till.. request
      2. Starshina wmf
        Starshina wmf 5 May 2016 08: 44
        0
        I have a computer in general Chinese. And the monitor Made Made China.
        1. Sid.74
          5 May 2016 09: 09
          +5
          Quote: Barracuda
          And the OSes can be seen enemy "Windows"?

          Nothing like this ... trophy ... laughing
      3. Weyland
        Weyland 5 May 2016 22: 51
        0
        Quote: Barracuda
        And the OSes can be seen enemy "Windows"?


        So what?
        So it happened to us in Russia -
        never pay for software to PC!
        And once again
        Bill got angry at us -
        No, Bill, I'm sorry, suck! laughing
      4. The comment was deleted.
  10. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 4 May 2016 21: 42
    +4
    The USA has several ways to persuade other states to its side.
    1. Bribing the rulers of countries in one way or another.
    2. Economic sanctions.
    3.Military intervention.
    It is in this sequence that they are applied.
    Ukraine got on the first method. Russia is on the second.
    Iran, Iraq, Libya, Serbia, Syria have experienced military intervention.
    Military intervention does not threaten Russia and its allies.
    This is the choice of countries that do not want to fall under the influence of the United States.
    1. Shurik70
      Shurik70 4 May 2016 23: 22
      +1
      Quote: Pvi1206

      Military intervention does not threaten Russia and its allies.

      Do not be so optimistic.
      Enough of a couple of idiots.
      One vyaknet for the catchphrase "next time we will shoot down the plane."
      The other will really bring down.
      We will drown their ship.
      And the mess will go.
      Now everything is on the brink of war.
      1. Ros 56
        Ros 56 5 May 2016 07: 05
        +1
        Quote: Shurik70
        Now everything is on the brink of war.


        Of course this is sad, but wolves should not be afraid to go to the forest. And in fact, the states are the same Hitler, only in a different form and also dream of the Millennium Reich, only the state. And oddly enough, but they succeed.
      2. GSH-18
        GSH-18 5 May 2016 11: 28
        +1
        Quote: Shurik70
        Quote: Pvi1206

        Military intervention does not threaten Russia and its allies.

        Do not be so optimistic.
        Enough of a couple of idiots.
        One vyaknet for the catchphrase "next time we will shoot down the plane."
        The other will really bring down.
        We will drown their ship.
        And the mess will go.
        Now everything is on the brink of war.

        No. I am sure the Americans will never shoot down our planes. Firstly, their soldier from the Navy announced this (there was also a sober head there). Secondly: you have to be on top of your head ... To shoot down the "partner's" combat aircraft being near his bases and in the affected area of ​​his anti-ship missile system, being already tracked. Americanoses are impudent, but they are not suicidal. Believe me.
    2. crumb
      crumb 5 May 2016 08: 06
      +1
      You’re to blame for the fact that I want to eat " lol
  11. atamankko
    atamankko 4 May 2016 21: 44
    0
    It’s good that the USA and the EU began to think about the benefits of sanctions.
  12. NordUral
    NordUral 4 May 2016 22: 01
    0
    SHUBIN, ZLOBIN ..........
    1. Weyland
      Weyland 5 May 2016 23: 02
      0
      Since Shubin is written as Szubin, it means a Pole!
    2. Weyland
      Weyland 5 May 2016 23: 02
      0
      Since Shubin is written as Szubin, it means a Pole!
  13. Lens
    Lens 4 May 2016 22: 03
    +9
    It seems to me that the author is too optimistic in the article. Actually, no one expected that such a giant as Russia would fall to its knees and pray for mercy. Sanctions are an element of inhibition. And they didn’t give up the economy at the level of Parmesans and French wines. Maybe someone will argue, they say nothing has changed? Raise your eyes above your plate, call your aunt in the village and ask how she began to live on retirement. I do not know this from the Ukrainian media. Listen to them - Russia eats up the last crust. But you need to remain realistic. Europe has made fundamental decisions. The members of the union as an unreliable partner will let go of them and the first.
    1. Passer
      Passer 4 May 2016 22: 48
      +5
      Igor, you are too pessimistic. It was not economic sanctions that undermined the economy, but several decades of liberal rule. And the deterioration in the lives of ordinary citizens is due, first of all, to the fact that someone at the top who calls himself an elite decided to improve his financial situation. Even if there were no sanctions, they would have come up with something anyway. And now it’s easier, all questions have one answer - sanctions. No one will say about the fact that they have dried out for a decade and instead of organizing and modernizing the real sector of the economy stupidly drank petrodollars. As always, bad Americans are to blame for everything.
    2. GSH-18
      GSH-18 5 May 2016 11: 39
      0
      Quote: Lens
      Europe has made fundamental decisions. The members of the union as an unreliable partner will let go of them and the first

      The French voted against anti-Russian sanctions and even adopted a resolution. Who let them go where? And such sentiments are growing in Europe. Quantity always turns into quality.
      1. Lens
        Lens 5 May 2016 21: 13
        +1
        The French have made a NON-FAIR decision. Feel the difference? He promised not to get married ....
  14. Flinky
    Flinky 4 May 2016 22: 11
    +1
    Monkeys cried, twitched, but continued to masturbate dry.
  15. Prisoner
    Prisoner 4 May 2016 22: 11
    0
    It finally came to giraffes. But they warned. And when only these carers of democracy will begin to listen to smart people - Putin and Lavrov.
    1. dauria
      dauria 4 May 2016 22: 58
      +1
      And when only these carers of democracy will begin to listen to smart people - Putin and Lavrov.


      In your opinion, there are people more stupid than Putin and Lavrov? Naively, they play a long-long game, which is designed for a period when these figures will have time to charm, praise, charm again, etc. Someone naively believes that there can be no "another debunking of the personality cult" ? wink

      And in general, they are no longer up to Russia, they have a real enemy looming - China. And so we, the country of the 2nd plan ... Probably, soon and in allies they will call against China.
      1. GSH-18
        GSH-18 5 May 2016 11: 33
        0
        Quote: dauria
        And in general, they are no longer up to Russia, they have a real enemy looming - China. And so we, the country of the 2nd plan ... Probably, soon and in allies they will call against China.

        This is their normal behavior. Bribery, betrayal, lizobluzhenie, flirting with terrorism, all to achieve the goals of the minke whales request
        We went through it, there is immunity yes
  16. Vlad5307
    Vlad5307 4 May 2016 22: 14
    0
    "All this, of course, has its price, and the question is whether we want to pay it."

    For Europe, this price has long been known - it is an opportunity to pursue an independent policy without regard to the striped overseas host. And so the vassal can only squeak about his interests, another is not given to him. And with their words they only cover up their helplessness in politics and the poverty of thinking. hi
  17. mark_rod
    mark_rod 4 May 2016 22: 24
    +22
    I felt the sanctions ... The salary was reduced by 13% and there is a threat of reduction, prices in stores increased by almost 50%, and I generally keep quiet on imports - they went off scale. Anyone who says that he does not feel sanctions is lying! He took a loan for the construction of a house at much higher interest rates than before the sanctions. Gasoline has risen in price, even though oil has fallen off. In the store, the list of products for the family has changed for the worse, because the money for what I used to buy is not enough ... So, the sanctions did not affect only our rulers and officials of all stripes, but they hit the common man significantly. Of course, we will survive them somehow, but I would like our stupid government to stop feeding the mattress economy and finally begin to really import something to replace! Yes, and the last - because of the sanctions, I became fiercely hating mattresses and gay men!
    1. Barakuda
      Barakuda 4 May 2016 22: 49
      +12
      I invite you to (in) Ukraine neighing over sanctions against Russia. Inflation over 2 years 300%. Pensions and salaries are mostly in place ... Without any SANCTIONS. So Rejoice! bully And in joy, beat there all sorts of bulk, touched Makarevichs, etc.
    2. PValery53
      PValery53 4 May 2016 23: 39
      +2
      It’s hard to disagree with you. You're right. And further. The Central Bank, the violator of the Constitution, will answer for the collapse of the ruble.
    3. Denis Obukhov
      Denis Obukhov 4 May 2016 23: 48
      -3
      Quote: mark_rod
      I felt the sanctions ... The salary was reduced by 13% and there is a threat of reduction, prices in stores increased by almost 50%, and I generally keep quiet on imports - they went off scale. Anyone who says that he does not feel sanctions is lying! He took a loan for the construction of a house at much higher interest rates than before the sanctions. Gasoline has risen in price, even though oil has fallen off. In the store, the list of products for the family has changed for the worse, because the money for what I used to buy is not enough ... So, the sanctions did not affect only our rulers and officials of all stripes, but they hit the common man significantly. Of course, we will survive them somehow, but I would like our stupid government to stop feeding the mattress economy and finally begin to really import something to replace! Yes, and the last - because of the sanctions, I became fiercely hating mattresses and gay men!



      The only foodstuff for which prices rose sharply are cookies! I don’t know what this is connected with. :)
      Judging by my "consumer basket": all price changes are within the usual seasonal fluctuations.
      1. Dimon19661
        Dimon19661 5 May 2016 01: 41
        +6
        Oh don’t lie, or are you just buying salt ???
      2. m077ea
        m077ea 5 May 2016 07: 24
        0
        Do you think that it was unprofitable for nuland?)))
      3. Lens
        Lens 5 May 2016 21: 17
        0
        So are you the same representative of the elite along the way? And you are all stable well without changes? Can I take a selfie with you? Or an autograph for the worst ...
    4. Stanislas
      Stanislas 5 May 2016 02: 17
      0
      Quote: mark_rod
      Anyone who says that he does not feel sanctions is lying!
      I would argue with that.
      Quote: mark_rod
      He took a loan for the construction of a house at much higher interest rates than before the sanctions. Gasoline has risen in price, even though oil has fallen off. In the store, the list of products for the family has changed for the worse, because there is not enough money for what I used to buy ...
      I heard about jamon ... condolences!
      Quote: mark_rod
      So, the sanctions did not affect only our rulers and officials of all stripes, but they hit the common man significantly
      How do rulers differ from officials? You, obviously, have written yourself down in "simple" ones, not realizing, probably, that not every official can afford to take out a loan for building a house today. The sanctions affected the consumers of loans, of course, more noticeably, not only than the notorious "rulers", but also than the recipients of salaries and pensions, for which not only a house, but Lada on credit will not be sold (unless there is no housing in the property), so they go they are on a public lox carrier or a bike, and the price of gas does not bite them. These are the latter, of which there is an immeasurable majority, and should be classified as "common people". On behalf of the common people, I want to tell you: sanctions are bullshit! smile
    5. GSH-18
      GSH-18 5 May 2016 11: 43
      0
      Quote: mark_rod
      Yes, and the last - because of the sanctions, I became fiercely hating mattresses and gay men!

      The same crap! angry
  18. kmv.km
    kmv.km 4 May 2016 23: 11
    +12
    Is it somehow the sanctions failed ??? They act, and will act for a long time!
    And all sorts of "arguments" that sanctions are a "blessing" are UNCONVINCIBLE !!!

    GOOD - Success can be called only Counter-sanctions in the Food Sphere !!! Here It Really Could Help The Industry Overall! But given the fact that, after the initial promises and even partially declared Successes, your authorities moved rather to searching for alternative sources, and NOT to Supporting Yours, It causes Concern ...
    Only, please, you DO NOT need to mock and mock Belarusian "shrimps, herring, cheeses", etc. etc. I assure you that the people of Belarus understand perfectly well what is happening!
    But was it necessary to introduce the Measures to Protect the Domestic (Your, Mine and Our) Food Market only under "sanctions"?
    And regarding the competition between Russian and Belarusian enterprises, I will say the following, let Quality and Price Win! If you think that Old Man UNLESSLY dumping and "smuggling" in pursuit of the Russian ruble, then limit it! But, please, do it in Adequate Quality and Price, and take into account the fact that your Ally does not have Oil-Gas ...
    Well, that is, I just ASK Support !!!

    Sanctions slow down and pose a real threat to the development of our countries! Everything's Too Connected! Even our "elites" understand this perfectly and do everything possible to "get out" from under "them" !!!

    If it is more convenient for someone at the Forum to pretend that These are "sanctions" - "POFIG", let him remain on his conscience ...
    1. m077ea
      m077ea 5 May 2016 07: 28
      +1
      These sanctions, at least to some extent, make it possible to act without regard to "pests". And yes - not really. Well, the goal was for those who introduced - not "bright communism".
  19. The comment was deleted.
  20. Gray brother
    Gray brother 5 May 2016 00: 01
    +3
    Either "the sanctions have proven their effectiveness", then "the sanctions have failed" - just some kind of chamomile.
    I'm confused. lol
  21. arlekin
    arlekin 5 May 2016 01: 43
    +5
    Quote: Altona
    Quote: Michael67
    He felt a rise in prices due to cheaper oil. But oil is not connected with sanctions.

    ----------------------
    In principle, price increases hit shopaholics who need new pants every three months and a new TV every year. I have been wearing pants and shoes for three years, for example. The old LCD TV is easily upgraded with a console with the DVB-T2 tuner for 2500 thousands instead of buying a new one for 30 thousands, before that a video player for flash drives for a thousand was bought. Now, through the HDMI connector, you can connect to the TV set a minicomputer for 8 thousand with an Atom processor (who needs only Word and the Internet). So everything is relative and reserves of savings are quite there.
    PS It was written for those who are limited in means, and not as a panacea. Price growth itself is certainly evil, as is excessive consumption.

    The reduction in consumption (tightening the belts) that you offer is the most evil for the economy. If you don’t buy pants, the sewing factory closes, you drive a car for decades, and the car factory stops. New unemployed people appear in the country, and the state, instead of receiving taxes, pays benefits itself.
    So, if you consider yourself a patriot, quickly get all the money out of the piggy banks and run to the store to shop. "push the country forward" (c) laughing
    1. Dimon19661
      Dimon19661 5 May 2016 05: 46
      +4
      But they don’t understand this. They don’t like it, JUST WELL LIFE, and don’t refuse anything. They like the endless tightening of their belts, the meager set of products that they can afford, the instability, the uncertain future, the permanent disappearance of pension savings from the same fund. they don’t understand that only the presence of a strong middle class is really the locomotive of the whole economy. And we, alas, practically do not. And by the way, people who have imposed sanctions do not connect the minicomputer to the TV set for 8 thousand, and they don’t upgrade buying a set-top box ... But the question for these people is different - where did they get the money from the sale of oil, when its price went over 100 dollars, why didn’t they build factories, roads. After all, it was just a unique opportunity to quickly boost the economy. Alas, you can only nod towards the Emirates, where the indigenous people live like in a fairy tale, and oil is no longer the main article for budgeting ...
  22. shinobi
    shinobi 5 May 2016 03: 18
    0
    All these sanctions hit primarily speculators. Here they are moaning. Do not drop prices on the global commodity market, this is a separate issue, we did not even notice these sanctions. Then, for the sake of interest, I drew attention to the manufacturer of the products I buy. All Russian, moreover, it’s 80% of local production. Well, brandy is only Armenian. And it’s not even patriotism, in terms of price and quality. In general, it’s even funny somewhere. Sanctions cut off Europe, and the main commodity circulation is through Asia. Even the Japanese, at least and for sanctions, in words, but business separately.
    1. Starshina wmf
      Starshina wmf 5 May 2016 08: 51
      +3
      For example, in our provinces, food is about 98% Russian. Well, apples, oranges, tangerines, bananas are not counted there. Now, we don’t buy anything from fruits except apples. Yes, they don’t even want to eat fruit. vegetables are almost all Russian. And their meat.
  23. ver_
    ver_ 5 May 2016 04: 13
    0
    Quote: Asadullah

    Quote: Asadullah
    Something like articles began to appear quite a lot, probably really decided to remove the sanctions. Damn, they suffered at least two more years, so that industry would get on the wing ....

    Quote: Asadullah
    Something like articles began to appear quite a lot, probably really decided to remove the sanctions. Damn, they suffered at least two more years, so that industry would get on the wing ....

    ..And who can force us to end our retaliatory sanctions ..? We will need a lot of money and we will keep them, we can even expand the assortment, in return we will get a "bigger hit" on our Buratinoks and they will keep their bags on the inner field even faster, so as not to lose them ..
  24. Koronik
    Koronik 5 May 2016 04: 38
    +1
    Adam Szubin “We must continue to weigh the costs and benefits of our sanctions regimes and ensure that this ratio is in our favor.”
    Here it is American politics, everything should be only for their benefit, and of course when this benefit ends it must be found in another, but only with the benefit for the striped and not otherwise. I think our financiers should adhere to the same policy for their country.
  25. Wolka
    Wolka 5 May 2016 06: 37
    0
    the possibility of the imposition of economic sanctions is a consequence of the global mistake of the world community, precisely when it adopted the system of domination of the American Fed in international payments, it was the uncontested domination of the American dollar that allowed the United States to dominate the world categorically and brazenly, frankly fantasizing the discontented and weak, thereby getting rich due to others. That is why the Russian Federation, China and a number of other states announced the transition to mutual settlements in national currencies, based on the gold exchange rate, as it was before ... Having abandoned the dollar, the United States instantly becomes international bankrupt, and this keeps the world so used to American papers unsecured
  26. kostyan77708
    kostyan77708 5 May 2016 06: 58
    +2
    “Sanctions are harmful to both sides,” Suslov said and added that economic measures did not have much impact. on Russian military operations in the Donbass. "They could not change the behavior of Russia." The first time I hear that Russia fought in the Donbas
    1. GSH-18
      GSH-18 5 May 2016 11: 48
      0
      Quote: kostyan77708
      “Sanctions are harmful to both sides,” Suslov said and added that economic measures did not have much impact. on Russian military operations in the Donbass. "They could not change the behavior of Russia." The first time I hear that Russia fought in the Donbas

      This line surprised me too!
  27. nivander
    nivander 5 May 2016 07: 24
    +1
    let's not forget that sanctions are mutual
  28. Spike
    Spike 5 May 2016 07: 29
    +3
    And I had to master poultry farming. I tried it last year, it turned out. Now I supply myself with eggs, chicken, ducks, geese. This year the stock has expanded greatly. Parents have a huge greenhouse. So, in fact, we supply ourselves with everything. on these sanctions.
  29. Volksib
    Volksib 5 May 2016 08: 09
    0
    Private capital always votes in rubles, euros, yuan and so on. Economic connections are when it is beneficial to both. Sanctions artificially cut these connections. But note how the contacts were so. You can’t forbid everything to everyone. American stealth is invisible to American radars. ... Alternative reserve currencies are being created for the dollar. New economic ties are being established. Society in the countries of the West is sobering up. It seems like the officers of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service are steadily steering in the USA)))
  30. Volzhanin
    Volzhanin 5 May 2016 08: 19
    +2
    America has a cognitive dissonance, apparently - they will not understand in any way - sanctions have failed or not.
    A nearby article says that "the White House has no doubts about the effectiveness of anti-Russian sanctions." Some kind of miscarriage Ernest blurted out: “The United States and our European allies have been able to effectively coordinate the imposition of sanctions. This had a negative effect on their (Russian) economy. "
    Or maybe this dissonance in the head of our authorities?
  31. guzik007
    guzik007 5 May 2016 08: 31
    +1
    Russia is a unique country, similar to a cornucopia. How many times have they tried to rob it clean, how many trillions have been exported only in our century, and nothing ends, the Christmas tree is a stick. Only one thing is bad. This simple truth has long been assimilated by our powers that be. Hence, they waved a hand at both the mass embezzlement of budget money and the export of capital, sometimes arranging mask shows for the layman for decency.
    By the way, Saltykov-Shchedrin is even excluded from textbooks on literature. Too relevant, probably, it’s unpleasant for the authorities to look in the mirror.
  32. ibu355yandex.ru
    ibu355yandex.ru 5 May 2016 08: 55
    +1
    Sanctions should be preserved and, if possible, expanded, until Russia establishes its own production, becomes self-sufficient in all sectors of the economy, ceases to be dependent on commodity exports and can impose sanctions on the turnover of green candy wrappers !!!
  33. itr
    itr 5 May 2016 09: 47
    +1
    Damn sanctions really bent us
    the only thing that pleased us was that the sanctions showed what kind of bogus officials we had with long tongues and crooked hands. I hope that Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin made org conclusions and will apply these languages ​​for their intended purpose! wet cleaning sort
  34. bolgove
    bolgove 5 May 2016 10: 02
    +3
    “Sanctions harm both sides,” said Suslov and added that economic measures had little impact on Russian military actions in the Donbas. "They could not change the behavior of Russia."

    Oh, how skillfully they attributed it between quotations, I even read 2 times to catch the point and almost believed it. It looks as if we fully admit to ourselves that we are fighting in Ukraine)))
    Hmm skillful hand ...
  35. NEXUS
    NEXUS 5 May 2016 10: 16
    +2
    Sanctions in fact had the opposite effect. Economics, industry, agriculture, science, production, etc., on the contrary, were stimulated, so to speak, but certainly not strangled. But it’s too early to speak about the complete failure of sanctions. That's when Europe starts to lift bans and trade with us then the collapse of the sanctions will be complete.
  36. t118an
    t118an 5 May 2016 11: 52
    0
    The article only confirms that sanctions against Russia are used only with one single purpose - to restrain the development of Russia in all directions. And they do not care about Ukraine. It is only an excuse to apply sanctions. If she hadn’t, they would have found another. The behavior of omerica is similar to the behavior of a courtyard ambul with a codla. They beat everyone in the yard individually, and shake the dime. There is only one way out of this situation - by uniting to pile on an ambala, albeit with some damage to health. I hope that someday it will reach all the affected countries, and all of them together, on a united front, will announce sanctions to the ambal. Then we’ll see who’s whom. But this mockery cannot last forever! When that patience bursts.
  37. krops777
    krops777 5 May 2016 17: 21
    +1
    The increase in food prices in Russia is not due to a fall in oil prices and the imposition of sanctions, but mainly due to the collusion of retailers and other large campaigns that, having lost light foreign money, decided to warm their hands on the population. And the sanctions imposed by the United States and its minions did a good job for our economy, thanks to the closure of our market from them goods, thereby giving the opportunity to develop domestic industry and rural economy.
  38. potap6509
    potap6509 5 May 2016 20: 01
    +1
    Well, something like this.
  39. RedBaron
    RedBaron 6 May 2016 05: 12
    -2
    Sanctions in fact had the opposite effect. Economics, industry, agriculture, science, production, etc., on the contrary, were stimulated, so to speak, but certainly not strangled. But it’s too early to speak about the complete failure of sanctions. That's when Europe starts to lift bans and trade with us then the collapse of the sanctions will be complete.

    Well, where does so much optimism come from? Is there any confirmation to him? This is probably super-expensive lending so helped, do not remind me the interest on loans?