Military Review

Carefully, poison!

1
(About one of the chapters of the book "The Liberator" by V. Suvorov)


The fact that Mr. V.B. Rezun, working in the field of anti-Russian propaganda, is a great master of cooking under the guise historical studies of a poisonous soup of truth, half-truths and outright lies have long been known. You cannot deny him this brain-culinary skill. Some Russian venerable publishing houses such as AST, Veche, EKSMO are actively helping him, apparently getting their share of the green broth.

And unfortunately, in our country there are a lot of people whose brains he poison very successfully.

We will try to give them an antidote, although, poisoned by Rezun, usually already like drug addicts do not perceive objective reality in undistorted form. But serious experts have exposed more than once and not two of Rezun's lies. Exposed with the documents and with the facts in their hands.

Among the many creations of Mr. Rezun there is one called "The Liberator". Here on this book, more precisely, on one of the chapters and dwell. Namely, on the chapter "Operation Bridge".

For those unfamiliar with this book, I specifically give this chapter completely and without cuts:

From the book of V. Suvorov
"Liberator"


Chapter "Operation" Bridge "

1967 year

“Comrades,” began the Minister of Defense, “in the new, 1967, year of the Soviet Army, a number of extremely complex and responsible tasks are to be solved and their implementation marks the fiftieth anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution. The first and most difficult task is the final solution of the Middle East problem. This task falls entirely on the Soviet Army. The fiftieth year of the Soviet state will be the last year of Israel. We are ready to accomplish this honorable task, we are constrained only by the presence of UN troops between the Arab and Israeli troops.

After the settlement of the Middle East problem, all forces will be thrown to resolve European problems. This task is not only diplomats. The Soviet Army has a lot of problems to solve here.

The Soviet Army, in accordance with the decision of the Politburo, "will show its grin." By this we mean a number of activities. Holding an unprecedented air parade in Domodedovo. Immediately after the victory in the Middle East, grandiose maneuvers will be carried out fleet in the Black, Mediterranean, Barents, Northern, Norwegian and Baltic seas. After that, we will conduct the Dnepr exercises, which are colossal in scope, and end our demonstrations on November 7 at a grand parade on Red Square. Against the background of these demonstrations and victories in the Middle East, under any pretext, we will demand from the Arab countries to stop for a week or two all oil supplies to Europe and America.

I think, - the minister smiled, - after all this, Europe will be more accommodating in signing the documents that we will offer.

- Will there be demonstrations in space? - The first deputy commander-in-chief of the land forces asked the question.

The Minister of Defense frowned: “Unfortunately, no.” In the period of voluntarism, gross errors were made in this area. Now we have to pay for them. In the coming 10, and maybe 15 years, we will not be able to do something fundamentally new in space, there will only be a repetition of the old with minor improvements.

- What will be done in relation to Vietnam? - asked the commander of the troops of the Far Eastern Military District. - We will be able to successfully solve European problems only in the period when the Americans are completely bogged down in Vietnam. I think we should not rush to the victory in Vietnam.

The hall brightened up, demonstrating clear approval.

“And ending with general questions,” continued Marshal Grechko, “I would ask all of you to think about this.” During all our demonstrations of power, in addition to the number of troops and their training, it would be nice to demonstrate something that was previously unprecedented, stunning and amazing. If any of you, comrade generals, have any original thought, please contact me immediately or the chief of the General Staff. Please do not offer to increase the amount in advance tanks, guns and planes, there will be so many that you cannot even imagine - we will collect everything that is and show. Of course, one should not offer to show the latest equipment, everything that is possible - we will show everything: BMP, T-64, MiG-23, MiG-25, and possibly all experimental machines; it is, of course, dangerous, but it is necessary to show. I repeat that we need an original idea of ​​something unusual.

All those present interpreted the last words of the Minister of Defense as a promise of a high award for an original idea. So it was. And the military thought earned. Just because you invent, except for the quantity and quality?

And yet the original idea was found. It belonged to Colonel General Ogarkov, a former officer of the demining troops.

Ogarkov offered not only to demonstrate the power of the army, but also to show that all this power stands firmly on a granite base of an equally powerful rear and military industry. Of course, he was not going to disclose the entire supply system, it was not necessary. To convince guests of their wealth, the owner of the house does not necessarily have to show all his treasures, it is enough to show one genuine Rembrandt picture.

Ogarkov also wanted to show only one element, but rather convincing. According to his plan, it was necessary in record time, for one hour, for example, to build a railway bridge across the Dnieper and launch railway trains loaded with military equipment and columns of tanks along it. Such a bridge would not only symbolize the power of the rear, but also vividly demonstrated to Europe that no Rhine would save it.

Ogarkov's idea was met with delight in the Ministry of Defense and in the General Staff. It was exactly what was required. Of course, there was no such bridge in the Soviet Army, and there was very little time left before the start of the exercises.

This, however, did not bother anyone - most importantly, the desired idea was found. Colonel-General Ogarkov was given absolute powers, no less than the General Designer before the launch of the first cosmonaut. Ogarkov himself is not only a brilliant erudite and an experienced bridge engineer, he is also an unprecedentedly demanding and strong-willed commander, just like Zhukov before him. This, of course, facilitated the task. All scientific and research institutions of engineering and railway troops, as well as all industrial enterprises producing army engineering equipment were transferred under his direct leadership. At these plants, all production was halted in anticipation of the moment when the order was received to produce something unprecedented.

Meanwhile, while the designers made the first sketches and sketches of the future bridge, which was to be used only once, the selection of the youngest, healthiest and strongest officers, as well as the most competent and experienced engineers, began in the railway and engineering troops.

In addition, competitions were held among graduate cadets, almost already officers, railway and engineering schools of the Soviet Army. Thousands of the best officers and graduate students dressed in soldier's uniform and from all over the Union gathered in Kiev.

It was formed 1-I Guards Railway Bridge Division. While it was not clear what the bridge would be, the division began to work out extremely hard - no matter what the bridge was, and everyone who would assemble it should work like acrobats under a circus dome.

In the meantime, the idea of ​​a super-fast assembly of a railroad bridge continued to develop and deepen. It was proposed to immediately pass the tracklayer and several trains with rails and at the same speed to lay a section of the railway line on the right bank, and after that start trains with troops and military equipment across the bridge.

This idea was also accepted and approved. Meanwhile, all design bureaus, which independently developed the bridge, stated that it was impossible to build a floating bridge even with a load capacity of 1 500 tons in such a short time.

Ogarkov boiled. His reputation and future were at stake. He reacted quickly and accurately. First, he appealed to the Central Committee and secured assurances that the designer, who would still be able to create such a bridge, would be awarded the Lenin Prize.
Secondly, he gathered all the designers for the meeting and, informing them of the decision of the Central Committee, offered to discuss all the details again. At this meeting, the opportunity to ship the track laying machine and rail trains was rejected. It was also decided not to ship columns of tanks at the same time with the train echelons. In addition, all the wagons decided to ship only empty ones, and next to the train, to put not a convoy of tanks, but a convoy of trucks, also empty.

There was only one problem: how to ship a locomotive that weighs 300 tons. Naturally, the idea to reduce the weight of the locomotive, as far as possible. Two locomotives, the main one and the backup one, were urgently remade. All possible steel parts have been replaced by aluminum. Steam boilers and fireboxes were replaced. The tenders of the locomotives were completely empty, neither coal nor water, only for a very small barrel of extremely high-calorie fuel, possibly aviation gasoline or kerosene.

And time flew like never before. The project of the bridge was finished right at the factory. There at the factories sent most of the officers 1-th Guards Railway to get acquainted with its design directly during the manufacture.

Plants that had not worked for a few months in anticipation of the project were transferred to the military regime. 24 hours of operation from 24. All workers received huge sums of money, and they promised everyone, in case they were on time, unprecedented bonuses personally from the Minister of Defense.

The first elements of the bridge entered the time in the division, and began training. Every week more and more new elements of the bridge arrived, and during each training assembly it became longer and longer. Theoretical calculations showed that he must withstand an empty echelon.

How it will be in practice, no one, of course, knew. The most dangerous thing was that with a strong deflection of the bridge under the locomotive, the train could roll over into the water. Crews of locomotives and drivers of cars, disguised officers of automobile troops, who were to move along the bridge simultaneously with the train, began hastily to learn how to use the rescue equipment used by tankers while driving under water.

It was impossible to give them practical training in the crossing over the bridge - there were still not enough elements of the bridge to connect the two banks .. On the day when the last two pontoons came to the division, the most powerful military maneuvers in the history of mankind began under the code name "Dnieper".

The railway bridge over the Dnieper was built in a record short time, and when the last piles were driven in on the right bank, a locomotive smoothly entered the bridge from the left bank and slowly pulled a long train. Simultaneously with the train, a column of military vehicles entered the bridge.

The leaders of the party and the government and numerous foreign guests who oversaw the construction of the giant bridge simply did not expect it to be built for railway communication, and when the locomotive entered the bridge, they applauded on the government platform.

As the engine moved farther and farther away from the coast, the deflection of the bridge beneath it increased menacingly. From the trough of the bridge to the two banks of the river, heavy slow waves began and, reflected from the shores, returned to the bridge, smoothly pumping it from side to side. Three figures of frightened machinists instantly appeared on the roof of a locomotive.

None of the foreign guests hitherto paid attention to the strange fact that there was no smoke above the locomotive pipe, but the appearance of the machinists on the roof was noticed by everyone at once and was met with condescending smiles. Subsequently, from all the photographs and films about the famous crossing, these frightened machinists were skillfully removed, but at that moment it was necessary to save authority. The riskiest trick could turn into a comedy. The engine, meanwhile, slowly swaying with the machinists on the roof, continued its hard way.

- Who's that on the roof? - Marshal Grechko muttered through his teeth. Soviet marshals and generals fell silent. Colonel General Ogarkov stepped forward and loudly minted: “Comrade Marshal of the Soviet Union!” We have fully taken into account the experience of the recent Arab-Israeli war, where aviation played a crucial role. We are taking measures to protect the rear communications from enemy air raids. In the event of war, on each locomotive, we plan to have, in addition to the engine drivers, three more people with Strela-2 automatic anti-aircraft grenade launchers. The grenade launcher has not yet entered service with the troops, but we have already begun training calculations. Now the drivers are inside the steam locomotive cabin, and the anti-aircraft crew is on top: it is monitoring the air.

Foreign guests were overwhelmed by the promptness of the Soviet General Staff and the lightning reaction to all changes in the practice of warfare. And the Minister of Defense was stunned by Ogarkov's ability so quickly, convincingly, beautifully and in time to lie without blinking an eye.

Immediately after the exercise "Dnepr" the famous bridge was sent to the smelter, the bridge-building division was disbanded as superfluous. All participants in the creation and guidance of the bridge were generously rewarded. And Colonel-General Ogarkov was instructed to continue to lead such operations.

Thus was born the General Directorate of Strategic Disguise. The first head of this powerful organization, Colonel-General Ogarkov, in a few months received the fourth star and became a general in the army.

GUSM subordinated itself first to the military, and then to state censorship, and then most of the organizations and institutions that produce false information. Then the GUSM tentacles stretched out to all the organs of the army: how do you hide the real state of affairs from the enemy? And then to the military industry, Ogarkov's paw stretched out. And our industry is practically all military. If you want to build a factory, first prove that you have managed to conceal its real purpose from the adversary. So the ministers reached out to Nikolai Vasilyevich for the signature. And the power of GUSM was growing. Is there anything in our life that we don’t need to hide? Is there an area in our life in which the enemy does not need to be fooled? There are no such areas. How much vodka was released, how many suicides in the country, how many people in prisons - all these are state secrets, and in every question you need to hide, trap, rearrange everything. And Nikolai Vasilievich over these problems is the main controller. He does not give life to others and works by the sweat of his brow. It is necessary to deceive the Americans at strategic negotiations, Nikolai Vasilyevich sends his first deputy, Colonel-General Trusov. And as it came to signing, he entered the delegation himself. Worked well, deceived the American trustful president. Nikolai Vasilyevich - praise and honor: the title of Marshal and the post of Chief of General Staff. Heather Nikolai Vasilyevich. It will go far ... if the rivals do not eat it.

Source
Victor Suvorov. Liberator. (Site smallweb.ru/library/viktor_suvorov/viktor_suvorov--osvoboditel.htm)


Read? Carefully?

Who, after reading these incriminating lines. He does not burn with his heart anger towards all these spectators in the stripes, to their vicious, sophisticated desire to destroy the whole free world, to the general's window dressing. And in general to the totalitarian socialist regime.

But you are not alarmed in this chapter? Well, at least the fact that Rezun writes about this meeting, and about the subsequent turbulent activity of General Ogarkov, as if he was with him all the time? He sat and carefully outlined everything said by the Minister of Defense and other generals.

No?

Let's read more carefully.

Well, we forgive Rezun a bloop about the title of Ogarkov. In the time described in the book, Ogarkov was commander of the Volga Military District with the rank of lieutenant general. The rank of colonel-general (and not the army general) he will receive only 25 of October 1967 of the year). Let's just put it just to the carelessness of the author. And this is irrelevant.
As well as the fact that Ogarkov in 1968 will be appointed not as the chief of the mythical "General Directorate of Strategic Disguise", but only as the deputy chief of the General Staff of the USSR Supreme Soviet, which can hardly be called a promotion.
Whether it's a matter of being the number one figure in Kuibyshev, or the number three figure in Moscow. Anyway, and this will be confirmed by any senior officer that the district commander is a figure as important as the chief of the general staff, if not the minister of defense. And in something higher.

But regarding the pontoon railway bridge across the Dnieper, which, at the 1967 exercises of the year, according to Rezun, Ogarkov offered to bring in an hour ...

Here is that Rezun lies big.

Lying artistic, inspired and very convincing. At the level of film director Nikita Mikhalkov with his "The Siberian Barber" (though he does not try to claim the role of the historian, but openly says that he creates purely artistic works on historical canvas).
But the Rezunovsky novel makes an impression on those who are completely unfamiliar with bridges, with their construction, do not know what the carrying capacity of the bridge is and other terms that any engineer can easily operate with.

But Rezun is lying, he is lying completely illiterate. And if you write the truth, even if you are not an expert in the field of bridge building, then it is simply impossible to issue pearls of illiteracy.

Any bridge builder, having come to the words "... a floating bridge, even with a carrying capacity of 1, 500 tons ..." will be amazed to raise an eyebrow. Railway bridges of such a carrying capacity even on rigid supports do not exist in the world at all. And this is not necessary. It is enough to look at building codes for bridges. Having loaded search engines Google and Rambler, I did not find bridges of such carrying capacity at all.

If the train weighs 1500 tons, this does not mean that the bridge at each point must withstand 1500 tons. The weight of the composition is distributed over several hundred meters. The bridge is required to withstand the load falling on the bridge span and two or three adjacent supports. Those. very small part of the total weight of the composition. And this is from one to several platforms. For example, if the span is equal in length to two platforms, then the span itself and two supports should be able to withstand the weight of these two platforms and the load on them. And nothing more. The weight of other platforms will also be held by neighboring spans and supports.

Well, or even simpler explanation. Here lies a chain with a length of 100 meters on the ground. And it weighs a ton of 1. Can you lift it in any place? Yes, without difficulty! On the meter circuit accounts for just 10 kilogram. So the train. He is not a rigid beam weighing 1500 tons, but a kind of chain.
As 100 people will easily keep a hundred-kilogram kilogram chain on weight, so the bridge will hold the composition of any mass.

You know, this is even the level of the school physics course. To understand this, you do not even need to be a bridge builder. You just need to be a thinking person.

And where did Rezun get the weight of the 300 locomotive tons? None of the Soviet diesel locomotives weighed more than a ton of 131. Electric locomotive? Yes, these will be heavier. The heaviest and most common VL-10 184 tons. But not three hundred tons! Where did Rezun find such heavy locomotives? Locomotives? But the heaviest P 38 weighed 214 tons. All other domestic main steam locomotives from 100 to 180 tons.

And somehow, by the year 67, the locomotives in the country had already disappeared from the railway. The USSR in this regard (and not only in the field of rockets and ballet) was ahead of developed and enlightened Europe. Mainly used locomotives and electric locomotives.
O.Izmerov in his website parovoz.com/semafor/2004-06d-print.pdf writes that 1967, 92,4 percent of all railway traffic was carried out by diesel and electric locomotives, and the production of locomotives was stopped 10 years ago. Where did Rezun manage to find a steam locomotive for crossing the bridge? Obviously, in his imagination. Or looking at "the most advanced European railways in the world", where many locomotives still ran.

And Rezun obviously does not know that it is not smoke that flies out of the engine tube, but exhaust steam. In any case, steam is much more visible than smoke. If the locomotive pulls the train, then he simply cannot spew the beautiful white steam out of the pipe. Only smoke from a steam pipe without steam can go only in one case - if its car is not working and the engine is standing or is rolling by inertia.

Maybe I’m wrong and the exhaust steam from the cylinders of the steam engine is not thrown into the chimney, but otherwise ?. But then Wikipedia is lying. Here is what is said in the article "Locomotive Device" (http://ru.wikipedia.org/wik)

"..The cone device releases the exhaust steam into the chimney, creating cravings in the firebox. In some locomotives, the size of the orifice of the cone device could change, respectively, changing the draft. In the steam locomotives with steam condensation, instead of a cone device, a fan was used driven by a steam turbine ..... "


Or is there a whole site called “Locomotive Device”, where it says: “In order to create the craving necessary for intensive burning, the steam driving the car, after passing through the cylinders, is also discharged into the chimney ...” also deceives us?

And the ejection of steam from the pipe when the steam locomotive is operated does not depend on whether the water in the boiler heats up - coal, firewood, peat or kerosene. And the lack of water in the tender of a steam locomotive is as ridiculous as the absence of kerosene in the tanks of the airliner taking off. There will be no water, the steam engine will not work either.
Obviously, our sawnack of military history and technology locomotives only saw, but their devices and the principle of operation does not know.

And the Strela-2 was never listed as a grenade launcher. This is MANPADS (portable anti-aircraft missile system).

And why for the bridge to drive in piles, and even on the shore, if the bridge is pontoon?

No guards bridge building divisions never existed in the Soviet Army. Even temporarily. Guards ranks of compounds, yes, but ignorant of ignorance, were assigned only during the war in the 1941-45.
And in no army in the world, so many bridges were required for any bridges.

Your humble servant studied in 1967 just at the Kaliningrad Higher Military Engineering School (2 course, 1 battalion of Lieutenant Colonel Kolomatsky, 2 company of Major Suturin, 2 platoon of Lieutenant Martynov). There were only two schools in the country of military engineering - in Kaliningrad and in Tyumen. Moreover, Kamenetz-Podolskoye was just opened (there, in 1967, only the first course was recruited). I can solemnly assure that not a single cadet of the Kaliningrad school participated in the Dnepr exercise. Leaving the whole course for the rest of the cadets could not pass unnoticed.

Yes, and in both military engineering schools of graduate cadets there were only 240 in Kaliningrad and 300 in Tyumen. A good battalion does not reach. Railway schools? Well, there was such a school in Leningrad. One thing. Where did Rezun manage to recruit several thousand cadets graduating from engineering and railway schools?

Well, all this can be attributed to my petty nagging and trying to catch Rezun on inaccuracies. Although ... one small lie, the other ... So a big one is lining up. Malicious.

But in relation to the most floating railway bridge, Rezun lies in the most dishonest and obscene way, surpassing Baron Munchhausen himself in the "veracity".

So did the story described by Rezun take place or not? Judge for yourself.

Below I give a brief description of the floating railway bridge, which in 1967, took part in the exercise "Dnepr". He and no other.

So.

Pontoon Park PPS (aka NZHM-56) began to be developed in 1946 year (and not in 1967, as Rezun claims) in Nizhny Novgorod at a shipbuilding plant by a team of designers: A.A. Dryakhlov, N.A. Kudryavtseva, M.P. Lapteva, V.I. Sheludyakov, GD Korchin, E.M. Durasova, I.A. Dychko, G.F. Piskunov, L.M. Naydenov, G.P. Kuzin, M. Dolgova, Z.A. Smirnova, L.A. Petrova, E.L. Shevchenko, P. Andrianova.

Carefully, poison!


Project Manager, Chief Designer of the Plant M.N. Burdastov, lead designer of the project M.I. Schukin.

Military engineers V.I. took an active part in creating the faculty park. Asev, BC Osipov, A.V. Karpov and I.V. Borisov.

The park was designed for equipment of bridge and ferry crossings of standard (60 tons) and large (200 tons) carrying capacities across wide water barriers. He provided the crossing of all military equipment and railway cargo.

By its principal decision, the PPS park did not differ from all previously existing floating bridges and was designed as a bridge on separate floating supports (pontoons) with improved contours in the fore and aft ends.



Floating supports consisted of six collapsible collapsible pontoons, each of which consisted of the bow, four middle and aft sections. In the aft section was placed the engine ZIL-120SR (75 hp) with the appropriate transmission.
When assembling the section, they were connected with each other by quick-coupling devices. The fodder connection with the middle section was made articulated, which made it possible to maintain a constant depth of the propeller.

The pontoons were interconnected by a span structure in the form of trusses assembled from separate sections with quick-connect butt devices.
Over the farms were laid and fixed flooring boards or rail structure.

The material part of the fleet was transported in cars ZIL-157 (later ZIL-131), equipped with special platforms, which were mounted on a car chassis in pontoon units by military forces.



The kit included: bow, middle and stern sections of pontoons, truss sections, transverse beams, floor boards and rail beams. All this was transported on pontoon, span, assembly, entry, ferry and railway cars. The kit also included: speedboat, towing and motorboats, car cranes, accessories and spare parts.

To build a floating bridge from the complete set of the park, a calculation of the pontoon was needed - about 700 people.

From the author. 700 man, this is actually a battalion, but taking into account the driver’s staff, various support units (remrota, material supply company, reconnaissance platoon, headquarters, etc.) it turns out to be a regiment. Pontoon-bridge regiment. But the division is not the same as Rezun lies. The division is 12 - 16 thousand people.

The PPS fleet was transported by land in specially equipped vehicles ZIS-151 (later ZIL-157) was unloaded from vehicles and assembled by pontoon drivers and drivers into ferries and floating bridges (including railway bridges) using mechanical winches of cars, steel cable systems and roller tables.

Tests of the park were carried out in the first half of the fifties on the Oka River near the city of Mur.

For the most suspicious, I list the patent numbers that protected the faculty:

1. No.143 / 6986 / 8735 - "PTS Pontoon Park", authors: M.I. Schukin, M.N. Burdastov, E.Ya. Slonim, B.S. Levitin, BC Osipov, V.I. Asev, S.A. Ilyasevich, A.L. Pakhomov, V.I. Sheludyakov, V.I. Kharitonov;
2. No.151 / 7990 - "Self-propelled pontoons of the PPS fleet of non-selectable corrugated structure", authors: M.I. Schukin, A.G. Shishkov;
3.№152 / 8643 - "Remote control of the screw-motor group of the object 140", authors: M.I. Schukin, M.N. Burdastov;
4.№147 / 8642 - "Anchor and mooring devices of the bow section of the 140 object", author M.I. Schukin;
5. №149 / 7941 - "Adaptation to the winches of cars to ensure the independence of the work of cables", the author M.I. Schukin;
6.№36 / 8641 - "Installation on the propeller ring nozzle", the author M.I. Schukin.

From the author. I don’t know, maybe Rezun is so brilliant technically that he can construct an entirely new tank or pontoon fleet from scratch in a week, but in general, pontoon bridges have been built for several years. The famous park PPP began to design in 1947, and they began to enter the army only in 1962. Park PPP in 1946, and adopted by the 1957.

So, ten years later, by the year 1967, he was far from new, and the General Staff knew this bridge perfectly. Consequently, the Ogarkov's sensational proposal described in the book is nothing more than Rezun's fantasies.

By the way, even before the war, the Red Army was armed with the railway pontoon bridge SP-19, which by 1946 was considered obsolete and assigned the task of developing a new model.

How many PPS regiments in the Soviet Army I do not know. I know for sure about the regiments in Renee on the Danube and in the Red River on the outskirts of Khabarovsk on the Amur. I visited the last regiment a couple of times. I saw the work of this park during exercises on the Zeya River near the Middle Belaya station in August 1973 of the year. True, they did not build a bridge there, but provided an evacuation and rescue service with the help of their own ferries.

And finally, the tactical and technical characteristics of the PPP park.

1. Load carrying capacity of floating bridges - 50 tons or 200 tons.
2. The length of the bridge from the complete set of the park
- 50-ton 790 meters,
- 200-ton 465 meters,
3. You can assemble ferries from the park set:
60-ton - 16 ferries,
200-ton - 6 ferries.
4. The width of the roadway is 6 meters.
5. Bridge pickup time:
for tracked and wheeled vehicles - 4.5-5 hour.
for trains - 7-7.5 hour.
6. The maximum allowable flow rate 3 m / s.
7. The maximum wave height of the 1.5 meter.
8. Number of vehicles for the transport of the park (ZiS-151) - 480

PS Of course, with the advent of the PMP park, the brightness of the PPP has faded. By the way, he also had the designation NZHM-56. And over time, railway pontoon bridges were developed on the basis of the PMP park. One of the latest MLS-VT.

PPS But what I found on the site parovoz.com/semafor/2004-06d-print.pdf

Fokin writes: FLOOR BRIDGES FOR THE WARSAW AGREEMENT

If you look closely at the map of Poland, there are two bridges over the Vistula River and the Vepš near the large junction station Deblin, located at the intersection of the Warsaw-Lublin and Lukow-Radom lines. Bridges, especially through the Vistula, were large strategic objects at the time of the Warsaw Pact, and relations with the West were not always warm.

In order to duplicate the bridge and quickly restore the message in the event of its destruction, an interesting object was constructed in the area of ​​the city of Pulawy, located between Deblin and Lublin. The topographic map of this area clearly shows that the railway line departs from the Lukov-Radom line between the Demblin and Pienka stations in the south-east direction and opposite to Pulaw turns to the Vistula, resting on it. On the opposite side of the river, the line continues and connects to the Warsaw-Lublin line in Pulawy.

It begs the idea that once there was a bridge. But there was no bridge ... The lines were led from both sides to the Vistula, and descended to the very shore. And if necessary, a pontoon bridge was built across the Vistula; pontoons lay in close proximity to the river. At least once, during the exercises, such a bridge was built, and a train with loaded gondolas passed through it. Directly on the bank of the river there were two pillars used to fix the bridge. (This is how to build floating bridges, Mr. Suvorov! See page 32-34. - Ed.) Times have changed, the Warsaw Pact is gone, Poland is in NATO, bridge pontoons have been taken away, although partially disassembled.

D. Fokin (Moscow)

Literature

1. Site "Little Web" (smallweb.ru/library/viktor_suvorov/viktor_suvorov-osvoboditel.htm)
2.SNiP.05.03-84.
3. Site "Courage" (otvaga2004.narod.ru/index.htm)
4.Pontoon park special PPP. Book 1. The material part of the park. Military publishing house of the USSR Ministry of Defense.
Moscow. 1959
5. Magazine "Supernovae Reality". No.2-2007g.
6.Site parovoz.com/semafor/2004-06d-print.pdf
7.Wikipedia website. Article "Locomotive Device" (ru.wikipedia.org/wiki)
8.Site "Locomotive Device". (www.train-deport.by.ru/bibliotec/parovoz/ustroystvo1.htm).
9. Magazine "Technique and armament" №7-2001g.
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  1. s.cot
    s.cot 7 June 2012 01: 15
    +1
    It’s very interesting! I read Rezuna, but I missed many episodes because of the author’s obvious bias. I really remember this, really, I think they did the pontoon bridge for the railway in the Union? Thanks for the information.
  2. rocketman
    rocketman April 23 2014 18: 50
    +1
    great article. I remember how at first everyone was read by Suvorov, but then enlightenment came, especially when I found out that such an information war