Military Review

Arkady Brish - one of the founders of the Soviet "nuclear shield"

34
On Saturday, Arkady Adamovich Brish, a designer, a participant in the creation of the first Soviet atomic bomb, one of those who “helped reliably shelter Russia with a nuclear shield,” died on 99. RIA News.


Arkady Brish - one of the founders of the Soviet "nuclear shield"


Arkady Brish is one of those specialists whose names are rarely widely known because of the secrecy of their development. But what has been created by these people for the security of their homeland can be called, without exaggeration, a feat.

The designer has long become a nuclear legendarmory industry. Brish's colleagues admired his professional and human qualities.

In his own words, the idea of ​​the need for reliable powerful weapons arose in the first days of World War II, when the Nazis quickly captured Minsk, in which the future nuclear engineer lived.

War Brish was a partisan detachment in the intelligence unit. Many times he was on the verge of death. Later, he noted that the "partisan grip" developed during the war years helped him in science, when in the shortest time in post-war conditions it was necessary to create domestic nuclear weapons.

“Brish’s major success in the atomic project was the idea of ​​how best to make a neutron initiator for an atomic bomb - figuratively speaking, that“ match ”that“ ignites ”the chain reaction leading to a nuclear explosion. The first neutron initiators were inserted into the sphere from plutonium, but this scheme was not very efficient and the power of the explosion was relatively small. It was proposed to put the initiator outside the plutonium "explosives". At first, nobody believed in this idea - it was believed that such a scheme would be cumbersome and therefore unsuitable for the creation of nuclear weapons, ”says the publication.

However, Brish defended his point of view, thanks to which the effectiveness of the charges increased dramatically.

A scientist more than 30-years served as chief designer of the Atomic Research Institute of Automation them. Spirit. And during this time he became an ideologue of many areas, which have no analogues in the world.

“One of the main features of Brish was his colossal efficiency and will to achieve success. Someone from his colleagues even jokingly suggested introducing a unit of business activity - “one Brish”. But it was an unattainable value, so they used units smaller than a thousand and a million times - “milli-Brishi” and “micro-Brishi”, ”colleagues recalled.

In 2014, when asked by the correspondent whether he considers himself a happy person, Brish answered: “Yes, happy. Because I participated in the creation of weapons that protected our homeland. It always inspired me. ”

Bright memory.
Photos used:
FSUE "VNIIA"
34 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. dzzen
    dzzen 20 March 2016 09: 41
    +28
    Eternal memory and honor, only after death can be called by name and surname.
    1. Finches
      Finches 20 March 2016 10: 03
      +18
      The main thing is that students would remain from such people - not just smart scientists, engineers ... but endlessly in love with our country, so that at the end of their lives they could also say that they are happy not for the billions earned, a house in Switzerland and for participation in the development of a budget withdrawal scheme in offshore, and "..., happy. Because he participated in the creation of weapons that protected our homeland."
    2. 79807420129
      79807420129 20 March 2016 10: 03
      +21
      Eternal memory, the kingdom of heaven and a deep bow from the grateful Russians who now live with a reliable nuclear shield which was created by such people from a capital letter as Arkady Adamovich Brish.
    3. gergi
      gergi 20 March 2016 10: 41
      +3
      Legend people leave, but their students remain. Such People in Russia will never be translated.
    4. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith 20 March 2016 10: 52
      +3
      The Kingdom of heaven!
    5. kodxnumx
      kodxnumx 20 March 2016 11: 50
      +2
      Eternal memory! Earth rest in peace worthy people die.
  2. milann
    milann 20 March 2016 09: 42
    +14
    I join the author of the note - bright memory!
    Judging by the current weapons, the Russian land is still generous with talents. But patriotism, spirit, faith in oneself and one’s strength are enough for us for even one generation. Let our enemies worry about their future, for the dust of their hatred, arrogance and envy, has been scattered by us all over the world more than once.
  3. V.ic
    V.ic 20 March 2016 09: 42
    +14
    Good people are leaving. Peace be upon him. Condolences to the near and dear ones.
    1. Muvka
      Muvka 20 March 2016 10: 05
      +5
      Quote: V.ic
      Good people are leaving. Peace be upon him. Condolences to the near and dear ones.

      And I consider it lucky to die at 98 years old. Like it or not, we cannot live forever. I am not saying that this is good, but not as bad as it might seem.
      1. Yasha Gypsy
        Yasha Gypsy 20 March 2016 19: 11
        +3
        Happiness is not HOW MANY we live. It is important HOW: was our life important for the Motherland, what did you do not for yourself and loved ones (although this is also IMPORTANT), but for her - the Motherland! It's a pity ... that you will only learn about such people after their death. The media are silent about them for some reason. But in full swing about any negative: who killed whom and how, which of the "stars" got along with or from whom left, who stole how much, deceived, etc. The priorities are not the same, so we know practically nothing about such PEOPLE. This is the disease of our society. Blessed memory of A. Brish, peace be upon him! Condolences to family and friends.
        1. midivan
          midivan 21 March 2016 00: 31
          +2
          Quote: Yashka Gypsy
          The priorities are not the same, so we practically do not know anything about such PEOPLE. This is the disease of our society

          this is not a disease, but a guarantee that such a person will live to such years, if you have not heard this, then in a nutshell I will try to explain, there are media personalities, for example, like Motorola in Donbass and Givi who are doing their job and at the same time Heroes on TV and media ", I hope you admit that besides them, there are people that we have not heard of, but they made (contributed) no less well-known Heroes, and believe me, those about whom we do not hear and those whom we do not see do much no less (significantly more)
  4. MARK
    MARK 20 March 2016 09: 43
    +5
    Honestly I have not heard such a name ... Looks like it was one of the center and secret! The generation that created everything that we are proud of now and we live in peace leaves, knowing that we will avenge ourselves if they come to us! Eternal memory, thank you for everything ... hi
  5. weksha50
    weksha50 20 March 2016 09: 43
    +12
    "When asked by a reporter if he considers himself a happy person, Brish replied:"Yes, happy. Because he participated in the creation of weapons that defended our homeland. It has always inspired me. ”"...


    People are leaving - Humans with a capital letter, if I may say so, albeit stagnantly ...

    I hope that the successors and students of Arkady Brisha will continue his work with dignity ...

    Peace be upon him ...

    PS A good life: to live to 99 years and bring so much benefit to your country ...
    Unlike the political pygmies, all his life he was invisible and invisible to most people ...
  6. Alexander 3
    Alexander 3 20 March 2016 09: 45
    +10
    The kingdom of heaven to the late Arkady Brishu, eternal memory. Our Motherland holds onto such people.
  7. AlexTires
    AlexTires 20 March 2016 10: 01
    +6
    Everlasting memory! A better memory than the Shield and Sword of our Motherland, that it leaves behind it is difficult to imagine ....
  8. sabakina
    sabakina 20 March 2016 10: 03
    +7
    Quote: Alexander 3
    The kingdom of heaven to the late Arkady Brishu, eternal memory. Our Motherland holds onto such people.

    Join.
    Not death is scary. The terrible thing is that the people who brought up the COUNTRY leave. Actors, directors, hereditary metallurgists, grain growers, scientists ...
    1. weksha50
      weksha50 20 March 2016 11: 29
      +3
      Quote: sabakina
      The scary thing is that people who brought up COUNTRY. Actors, directors, hereditary metallurgists, grain growers, scientists ...



      I fully support ... However, I would like to specify a little: those who CREATED the country and supported its economic and defense power, and who by their life set an example for educating the future generation ...

      PS Every time you hear about the death of SUCH people, it hurts on the heart and soul ...
  9. VNP1958PVN
    VNP1958PVN 20 March 2016 10: 04
    +1
    The question arises - for twenty years, young Russian scientists have been "leased" to the Americans. When will such cadres grow up in Russia, and will they grow up at all? In the USSR, science was not driven by money at all, but sometimes the aforementioned ones were moved to ... well, you know where! Eternal memory to MAN!
  10. yuriy55
    yuriy55 20 March 2016 10: 10
    +6
    Thanks from all the people of Russia ... Eternal memory!
    1. kimyth1
      kimyth1 20 March 2016 10: 25
      +1
      Everlasting memory!
  11. Dmitry Potapov
    Dmitry Potapov 20 March 2016 10: 10
    +6
    Willy nilly, such people can be referred to the category "YOUR NAME IS NOT KNOWN, YOUR FEAT IS IMMORTAL!" Bright memory!
  12. dchegrinec
    dchegrinec 20 March 2016 10: 16
    +2
    Eternal memory and eternal glory!
  13. Panabebis
    Panabebis 20 March 2016 10: 20
    -14%
    one of those who "helped to reliably cover Russia with a" nuclear shield ""

    Not Russia, but the USSR! Why does everyone compare the current Russian colony with a superpower?
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 20 March 2016 10: 51
      +4
      For paranoid schizophrenics of the Russian Federation, the colony, for all who live in reality - Russia is a superpower, it will remain that way.
      1. Panabebis
        Panabebis 20 March 2016 14: 48
        -2
        Russia is a superpower, and it will remain so.

        The superpower does not write the constitution of other countries :)))
    2. iouris
      iouris 20 March 2016 10: 53
      +2
      The concepts of "Russia" and "the state of Russia (RF)" for some "unfinished" citizens of the Russian Federation do not coincide.
      This is explained by the principle that Nicholas II seems to have expressed something like this: "Where the Russian flag was raised, there it should not be lowered."
      Churchill and Roosevelt called the USSR "Russia". When our Soviet army was stationed in Germany, for a German "Russian" is a Russian, a Kazakh, a Ukrainian, and an Uzbek, dressed in the SA uniform.
      Now for a German, "Russian" is that nouveau riche who grabbed a billion and lives in Londongrad.
  14. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 20 March 2016 10: 32
    +3
    Bright memory! He died a happy man. His shield still protects us from "American democratization."
  15. acetophenon
    acetophenon 20 March 2016 10: 42
    +1
    The same could be said of Sakharov. But I will not tell.
  16. Straight
    Straight 20 March 2016 11: 03
    +1
    Rest in peace! And thanks for the work for the good of the country.
  17. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 20 March 2016 11: 54
    +1
    Quote: Panaebis
    one of those who "helped to reliably cover Russia with a" nuclear shield ""

    Not Russia, but the USSR! Why does everyone compare the current Russian colony with a superpower?


    Why do you live, idiot (There are no other words for you) in the colony? take a ticket in one direction and don’t smell here, and we, the colonists, will not cry.
  18. wervolf
    wervolf 20 March 2016 12: 21
    +3
    Quote: Panaebis
    one of those who "helped to reliably cover Russia with a" nuclear shield ""

    Not Russia, but the USSR! Why does everyone compare the current Russian colony with a superpower?

    Hear, dear, here people gathered to honor the memory of a man who devoted his whole life to serving his country and, as it turns out, has done much more for his country than many of us, but what did YOU do to appropriate the right to insult millions of compatriots? You would, dear in pindo .. I have to pull well, or in Vilnius just recently the same idiots were going to
  19. ovod84
    ovod84 20 March 2016 13: 27
    +2
    Well, there is such a profession to defend the homeland, so this person did a good job. Everlasting memory.
  20. user3970
    user3970 20 March 2016 16: 13
    0
    Calm down next to Kalashnikov.
  21. sw6513
    sw6513 20 March 2016 18: 17
    +1
    Earth rest in peace ... Sorry, the best are leaving
  22. faterdom
    faterdom 20 March 2016 22: 06
    +2
    The same grandfather, to whom personally and specifically you can say thank you, both for the Victory and for the fact that "Dropshot" has remained a wish for exceptional nations. The land rest in peace to him, and the people at least hear the name. And point.
  23. Platonich
    Platonich 21 March 2016 04: 57
    0
    A huge loss for the country! The blessed memory of Russia for centuries!
  24. Old26
    Old26 21 March 2016 09: 53
    0
    Bright memory! Alas, we often learn about such people after their death ...