Military Review

Tank aspires to the sky. Part of 1

70
Tank aspires to the sky. Part of 1



24 February 1898 was born in the Prussian city of Bromberg of the German Empire, Kurt Tank was born, the future creator of a whole series of aircraft of various modifications.

He always built airplanes: in Germany, Argentina (Ta 183 and the Pulka II fighter jet), India (HF24 interceptor aircraft). But the FW-190 and its modifications brought him the greatest fame, as well as the Fw-189 “frame” scout, who became the hated forerunner of air attacks by the Luftwaffe forces.

But what to say - Kurt was lucky in life. He survived after the First World War, was treated kindly and received all kinds of honors from the hands of the rulers of Germany, Argentina, and India. Although they were strange gifts.

I wonder what his mother called him: “Mayn Libe Kinder Kurt”. There are no diminutive words in German, as in Russian. Maybe that's why Kurt had a rather tough and cocky temper. In his student years, he repeatedly participated in duels organized by students. He has a scar on his face.

But Kurt’s war saga began at sixteen, when he, raving like many boys of that generation, aviation, was forced at the insistence of his father to go to study not where his soul was torn, but where his father determined - in horse cavalry. Because his grandfather served with a lancer as a sergeant, and his father in the dragoon troops.

Kurt passed the First World War with honor, he returned home wounded and thoroughly exhausted, but, I think, he was proud of himself - because he could bring his favorite book of physical experiments through all tests to understand many natural and technical phenomena. He was thoroughly prepared, and therefore surprised the teachers at the entrance exam at the Berlin Higher Technical School with a thorough knowledge of subjects. He studied well and also thoroughly, and entered the number of students who have graduated from a technical school. At that time, Kurt was already 26 years old. When this happened, he knew exactly what he would do all his life, paradoxically and self-confidently sounded. This self-confidence helped him to acquire his student love, a professorial daughter of Charlotte, whose name he would call his first paraglider, assembled in a technical school workshop under the guidance of a professor, the father of that same Charlotte.

Kurt sought to maximize the knowledge provided not only by the curriculum. He learned that the lectures of two professors of a technical school — Everling (taught aerodynamics) and Racener (taught aircraft engineering) — are the most popular.

Kurt voluntarily enrolled in the lectures of these two professors and did not miss a single lesson, because he understood that here you can get advanced views on certain phenomena.

This allowed him to assemble his second glider, which he called the “Devil” or “Devil” (his span of 11,5 m, wing area 13,7 м2) and presented the drawings of this glider to offset his predegree work. German teachers appreciated his work for the four with a “plus” and wished the young aircraft builder to give more strength to study than to disappear in the workshop. It was there Kurt sought almost all the time. At that time, he was not interested in ordinary theory, he wanted to try out and learn from his mistakes and successes in practice. There were a lot of mistakes. So, his very first glider “Charlotte” with the size of 15 meters crashed during one of the flights. In this Kurt saw some omen of his unhappy love for a professorial daughter. Kurt often thought about this, making his numerous trips on a commuter train. It was this train that once again had a truly mystical role in destiny: here he accidentally met with one of his former teachers, who worked in an aircraft-building company and invited his extraordinary student to go to work for him.

So it was just decided the fate of Kurt, who was offered at that moment to work in the company "Siemens". And how could it be история German Luftwaffe, if only. But the subjunctive mood is not about Kurt. Even then, one of his character traits, fearlessness, becomes noticeable. He becomes not only a designer, but he himself is called to test his aircraft, having received for this several piloting lessons in a private school and the coveted pilot certificate. Years later, Kurt will be proud of this particular title - test pilot - and value him above all awards. He will fly on his planes at almost every opportunity, rising into the sky, causing envy of rival designers. The sky, apparently, gave Kurt new creative powers, an understanding of the need to improve the apparatus, far from perfect. Landing on one of his first planes, Kurt felt the hard landing and offered the company a drawing of pillows with a damping keel. The management approved the idea and soon the drawings became a reality.

Thanks to flying on the Ro-VII plane, Kurt was able to solve and implement the idea of ​​high-mounted engines and pushing propellers.

During the six years that Kurt worked at the company, he managed to bring together many of his developments concerning the creation of new aircraft, but he lacked space. This was one of the main reasons that Kurt accepted the offer of the engineer Messerschmitt to go to work for him. In the 1930-ies Messerschmitt one after another, there were major accidents, the pilots died. One case shook Kurt. One of the test pilots working for Messerschmitt decided to show his young wife flights. Gallant cavalier instructed Kurt to accompany his wife, and he rose into the air. A few seconds later the tragedy occurred - the plane exploded and crumbled into small pieces. Kurt had to hold in her hands a woman who had fainted.

This case and the position of Messerschmitt himself, who sought to ease the plane and thereby achieve speed, had a decisive influence on Kurt’s decision in September 1931 to leave the branch of the Bavarian Aircraft Plant, managing to talk so friendly with Willy Messerschmitt that he was not offended and between the two designers Subsequently, good relations developed, sometimes even they were considered friends. But this was not the case. Moreover, over time they will begin to use any information about failures and failures made during the course of their usual research work, in order to present the rival’s developments in a negative light to members of the German Technical Council.

And there were a lot of failures.

In Bremen, in the Focke-Wulf company, Kurt himself finds himself close to death when he wants to understand how to deal with the flutter. He climbed to a height of about 4000 meters and deliberately put the car into a dive, somewhere at the level of 2000 meters, he could barely manage to level the plane and land on the airfield. It seemed the danger had passed. Not! The wings of the aircraft instantly turn into debris, the cockpit is about to be ignited. Kurt is able to instantly get out of the cab and at this moment everything is in a flame.

But he does not stop his flights. In the course of one of them, Kurt's eyes accidentally fell on the tail. And how can this happen! He noticed that the shadow of the tail began to tremble before the wings began to vibrate. Tail! That's where it was necessary to look for the cause of the miscalculations of German designers.

And again the fateful meeting on the road. Returning from a vacation in the spring of 1936, Kurt met the technical manager of Lufthansa and briefly outlined the bold idea of ​​creating a transcontinental passenger aircraft that can travel more than 1500 kilometers. Kurt deliberately told this grandiose idea at the time because he did not find supporters of his fantastic plan.

In the new company, the new aircraft was created within one year, he received the name "Condor" and was able to make the flight "Berlin-New York", covering the distance even more than Kurt had originally planned - 6371 km. And if the crew of Lufthansa flew to America at an average speed of 255,49 km / h, then the Germans decided to “chase” the plane back faster and flew at an average speed of 320,9 km / h. Of course, they made a splash. The company's management, who had managed to believe in Kurt's fantastic idea, realized that you could quickly get rich from large orders that began to arrive almost immediately after giving publicity to a grand flight. Even Hitler wished to have such a plane in his fleet, however, made with special comfort.



And although official biographers carefully tried to remove from the biography all these walks Kurt Tank according to companies, one cannot erase words from a song, as they say. If you read the official biography of Kurt, it turns out that in 1931 he immediately began working for the Fokke-Wulf company and created his own Condor there, but this is far from the case. Indeed, in this company he will make one of the modifications of the Condor - the FW-200 aircraft.

But the serial passenger aircraft of Germany after the arrival of Hitler were no longer needed. All the German aviation industry has risen under a new, fascist flag and new leaders have demanded that designers carry out completely different designs.

In 1935, Kurt managed to get a state order for the manufacture of more than five hundred Fw-56А-1 aircraft.



By this time, Focke-Wulf Fw-56 had already been put into service, and the German command favorably accepted this machine, without particularly distinguishing it from firms competing with each other. Willy Misserschmitt and his development enjoyed in the aviation environment far more prestige than Kurt Tank.

The ending should ...
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  1. Koshchei
    Koshchei 29 February 2016 07: 14 New
    +1
    "Mei Liebe, Kinder, Kurt"

    Oh, how many mistakes: "kinder" is not a child, but "children", well, "mine", this is "mine"
    1. Now we are free
      Now we are free 29 February 2016 09: 44 New
      +4
      Thank you for the article from me +, but it really would not hurt to test it before publication for literacy ...
      And if the crew of the Lufthansa flew to America at a speed of 320,9 km / h, then back the Germans decided to “drive” the plane faster and flew at a speed of 255,49 km / h.
      1. Cap.Morgan
        Cap.Morgan 29 February 2016 22: 59 New
        0
        Kurt also served in the cavalry.
        But in general, the article is not bad.
        1. Sergei 34
          Sergei 34 2 March 2016 00: 53 New
          +1
          Well, horse cavalry is much better on foot!)
          1. Mushroom
            Mushroom April 20 2016 11: 34 New
            0
            Joking as a joke, amers had cavalry on tanks. So maybe this is not a typo
      2. Sergei 34
        Sergei 34 2 March 2016 00: 52 New
        -1
        Everything is correctly written there about speed. Read carefully.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. avt
      avt 29 February 2016 10: 39 New
      +1
      Quote: Koshchei
      Oh, how many mistakes: "kinder" is not a child, but "children", well, "mine", this is "mine"

      Bullshit, all the more so like in German, pinned me more
      in horse cavalry.
      wassat I would like at least one photo, well, to compare with the non-regular cavalry. And maybe the cavalry, this is a collection of cavaliers, but without horses? And the horse, is it when they are already with horses? laughing And so normal, let him go on daring further, but really desirable without
      Quote: Now we are free
      And if the Lufthansa crew flew to America at a speed of 320,9 km / h, then the Germans decided to “drive” the plane back faster and flew at a speed of 255,49 km / h.

      And in order to write who drove someone, it would be nice to work with a search engine and find out at least in which direction and with what force the wind blows. Then it will be very good. But if you completely squeeze emotions, then it will be bad. So it’s really not worth running into Polina. Let not be offended, we are not from evil. smile
      Quote: parusnik
      Yeah, Polina swung you, however, on the subject .. However, this is typical for you .. We are waiting. graduation ..

      We are waiting, only more carefully, please, or else the people here on the site come across toothy, rude and non-feminine. laughing
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 29 February 2016 17: 34 New
        +5
        The article is an explicit translation from English, which, in turn, is a translation
        from German. Due to double translation - all errors laughing .
        The article "Tank aims at the sky" appeared today at the same time
        on three sites .ru, but only on one of them in the "author's?" option
        "Author Polina Efimova"
        1. efimovaPE
          29 February 2016 19: 15 New
          0
          So these sites steal roughly and blatantly many of the author's articles that are published on HE. It can be seen there are constantly monitor VO. I know this because once my article was posted on the VO website, and then its moderators removed it. My article was on VO only a few minutes, but during this time it was managed to copy and place the craftsmen from another site. And when I tried to correct my article and checked it on Antiplagiat, the program showed the site thief.
          1. aiw
            aiw 1 March 2016 19: 42 New
            0
            Polina, thanks for the article, but all the same, the first aircraft assembled by Kurt was probably PLANER "Charlotte" and not PARAPLAN. These are two big differences, before the advent of the paraglider there was still half a century.

            Horse cavalry also delivered. Apparently Kurt was eating sandwiches made of bread, buttered with sausage and butter ...
      2. Combitor
        Combitor 29 February 2016 22: 38 New
        -1
        Quote: avt
        the people here on the site come across toothy, rude and feminine

        Rather, picky, not doing discounts for women. Honestly, if you omit some inaccuracies, the article, on the whole, is good, doing honor to Polina. After reading the article, I thought, if Germany had not fallen into the abyss of Nazism, then with its potential flights into space (and the moon) would have become a reality twenty years earlier.
        Continued waiting ...
  2. bionik
    bionik 29 February 2016 07: 16 New
    +7
    In the 2nd photo, German aircraft designer Kurt Tank (Kurt Tank, chief designer of the Fokke-Wulf company from the right) and pilot ace Josef Priller (on the left, in military uniform) on the airfield. The photo shows Fw-190 aircraft.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 29 February 2016 07: 49 New
    +3
    Yeah, Polina swung you, however, on the subject .. However, this is typical for you .. We are waiting. graduation ..
  4. kvs207
    kvs207 29 February 2016 07: 51 New
    +3
    The Germans have a diminutive-weasel suffix "hen" and what kind of horse cavalry?
  5. Dimon19661
    Dimon19661 29 February 2016 07: 52 New
    +3
    "Frame" Fw-189 - a good scout, it was hard to shoot him down.
  6. inkass_98
    inkass_98 29 February 2016 07: 52 New
    +4
    The tank is a separate song in the German aircraft industry, it has always followed its own original path. Towards the end of the war, he received his "Ta" index as a recognition of his merits, but did not have time to turn around.
    1. dauria
      dauria 29 February 2016 14: 55 New
      +3
      At the end of the war, he received his index "Ta"


      The famous Messer "one hundred and nine" has never been a "Messerschmitt" either smile BF.109 (bayerische flugzeugwerke) They had a difficult time with their "own" index.
      Well, according to the article, I don't consider Tank and his group of special innovators. All of them (and in all countries) actually accepted and developed the idea of ​​Polikarpovsky's "Ishachka". Do you know what the Germans called the La-5, which is easily confused with the FW.190? "Big Rat". This despite the fact that their "rat" was our famous I-16.

      To the author, the names of German planes were written through a dot, not through a hyphen
      1. rubin6286
        rubin6286 29 February 2016 16: 41 New
        0
        I wonder what idea Messerschmitt developed for Polikarp's "Ishachka"? Let's talk about it in more detail. The machines, frankly, are "very similar", like a horse and an elephant.
        1. dauria
          dauria 29 February 2016 18: 20 New
          +2
          The machines, frankly, are "very similar", like a horse and an elephant.


          A cantilever monoplane with retractable landing gear, with a large wing load at that time. Here's the idea. Willie put the most decent engine in the smallest glider he could do in the same way, and several years later than the serial I-16. A constant-speed propeller with automatic "step-gas" and carburetor-free injection is a current trifle, not an innovation. Not going to blame the decent workhorses of war BF.109 FW.190. Many machines can be considered innovation among the Germans, but not these.
          1. Alf
            Alf 29 February 2016 22: 27 New
            0
            Quote: dauria
            Freestanding monoplane with retractable landing gear, with a large wing load at that time.

            Then let's put Spitfire and Mustang into this company.
            Quote: dauria
            Willy just stuck the most decent engine in the smallest glider,

            Ishak has an air-cooled engine, Messer has a water one. Quite "the same thing".
            Quote: dauria
            A constant speed screw

            The screw is fixed and variable pitch. A plane with a propeller of constant speed does not take off at all. Learn the materiel.
            1. dauria
              dauria 29 February 2016 22: 48 New
              +2
              A plane with a propeller of constant speed does not take off at all. Learn the materiel. smile


              He smiled .... The general step-gas regulator is on any helicopter, the automation maintains constant rotational speed of the propeller within very tight boundaries. The Germans also had this machine gun. At first, our La-5 had two separate controllers, which was bad, and was noted in comparative tests.

              I give you "Teach materiel". I forgot when I learned mine. smile
          2. rubin6286
            rubin6286 4 March 2016 00: 01 New
            +1
            Although the Soviet I-16 fighter was one of the first monoplane fighters in the world with a retractable landing gear and a high wing load, the advantages and disadvantages of this kind of concept by the beginning of the 30s had already been studied and described in sufficient detail. A feature of the Me-109 was a combination of technical design excellence using just the “current little things” that made this aircraft a highly effective means of conducting air combat. N.N. Polkarpov, modifying the I-16 and creating the I-185, with all obviousness, ignored much of what was used not only on the Me-109E, but also on the Yak-1, LaGG-3, MiG-3, La -5, Spitfire, Aerocobra. Its I-185 in wartime conditions was "carried on" for an unreasonably long time and by 1943 it no longer had significant advantages. Confirmation of this you can easily find in the educational and memoirs. From personal experience, I can say that sometimes the presence of “current little things” can ensure the fulfillment of a combat mission and, under certain conditions, save a life. Performing a reconnaissance flight on the MiG-21 under the “tutelage” of our “friends and partners”, for example, I was very sorry that at that time I did not have a rear-view radar. In general, there are no trifles in aviation and what increases the combat effectiveness of a machine is precisely innovation. The undisputed innovation was the use of German “commando-geret” fighters, a turbocharger, an injection of water-methanol mixture to increase engine power, an emergency discharge lamp, a sight that allows firing at 2 targets at once, and so on, not to mention jet engines, radars and assembly glider using special glue.
      2. Litsvin
        Litsvin 29 February 2016 21: 39 New
        +1
        Do you know how crumpled British pilots called "Fockewulf-190" !!! ??? - "Killer Bird" !!!
        The Germans did not copy any "donkeys". We copied German planes - yes. Back in the period 1937-1940, through the People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs of the USSR, he signed a number of contracts with Germany in various areas, including the military. We have officially purchased a lot of things for the fleet (diesel, periscopes, GASs, etc.), for aviation (products of Junkers, Messerschmitt, sights for bombing, etc.), for the ground army (tanks Pz-3, tank sights, etc.), a lot of modern equipment, especially for metalworking. The list of acquisitions is quite impressive. The concept of "donkey" died during the war in Spain, when the Me-109 appeared there and put order in the air. The Germans had nothing to get involved in a maneuverable battle with the "Russian rat" - they simply imposed the conditions of the battle on our pilots, put them in deliberately losing conditions, shot to kill and went after the next victim. After analyzing the combat losses of Soviet fighters in the skies of Spain, it was POLIKARPOV who began the development of his new fighter with completely new contours, contours, engine and weapons.
        1. Alf
          Alf 29 February 2016 22: 37 New
          +1
          Quote: Litsvin
          ... The concept of "donkey" died during the war in Spain, when the Me-109 appeared there and put order in the air.

          With the appeared in Spain, ME-109 modifications B and C I-16 fought on an equal footing, but the modification E really began to surpass Ishaki.
          Quote: Litsvin
          it was POLIKARPOV who began the development of his new fighter with completely new contours, contours, engine and weapons.

          How did the Polikarpovsky I-180 differ from the I-16? BASICALLY NOTHING. The same air-cooled engine, the same minimized dimensions, the same machine-gun weapons.
        2. dauria
          dauria 29 February 2016 22: 52 New
          +4
          The concept of "donkey" died during the war in Spain


          I honestly go crazy sometimes. We stick out the invented merits and circulate the real ones. Remember, from 1934 to 1937 no country in the world did not have a fighter of type I-16. Remember, and be proud of Polikarpov, as Korolev and Gagarin.
      3. Alf
        Alf 29 February 2016 22: 21 New
        0
        Quote: dauria
        The famous Messer "one hundred and nine" has never been a "Messerschmitt" either

        In 1942, the fighter became officially called ME-109 in connection with the transfer of the plant to the ownership of Willy Messerschmitt.
  7. Xpyct89
    Xpyct89 29 February 2016 08: 24 New
    +3
    The Germans were National Socialists and not Fascists
  8. baudolino
    baudolino 29 February 2016 08: 36 New
    +4
    Horse Cavalry sounds great).
    1. KBR109
      KBR109 29 February 2016 10: 45 New
      +3
      "... served in the dragoon troops" is also not true, but I suggest not to judge a woman strictly for her shortcomings in special terminology. In general, the article is interesting. But more like a popular novel.
    2. tundra
      tundra 29 February 2016 15: 09 New
      0
      Almost like a squadron of equestrian divers.
    3. rubin6286
      rubin6286 29 February 2016 17: 16 New
      +1
      When I chose the military profession, the military commissariat explained to me:
      "The dandy is in the cavalry,
      smart in artillery,
      a drunkard - in the navy,
      a - in the infantry. "

      "Horse cavalry" and "dragoon troops" are trifles. Listen to what Zhirinovsky says on TV. This is n .... c.
  9. Fitter65
    Fitter65 29 February 2016 08: 38 New
    0
    And if the Lufthansa crew flew to America at a speed of 320,9 km / h, then the Germans decided to “drive” the plane back faster and flew at a speed of 255,49 km / h. Of course, they made a sensation.
    Yes, this is of course a sensation. OCHUCHETSA. laughing
  10. tchoni
    tchoni 29 February 2016 08: 58 New
    +4
    Well. Let's read another "dissenting opinion". But, the article is still a plus. Let's see what will happen next. Although the genre is more of a "literary novel" than a serious study. Perceived accordingly.
    1. rubin6286
      rubin6286 29 February 2016 16: 46 New
      +1
      The author of the article is still worth respecting. The woman took the risk of writing about the aircraft designer. Some technical issues. Today it is a great rarity. More often women write empty stupid detective stories or similar "female" novels - a mixture of tearful chatter and pornography.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 29 February 2016 17: 48 New
        +3
        The woman did not write anything, but signed
        under a not very well translated article.

        Interesting article. fellow
        1. Mooh
          Mooh 29 February 2016 21: 23 New
          0
          And I think she wrote, or at least supplemented. Very specific turns are used, and indeed the article is all about emotions. Of the peasants, it seems that only Koptsov and Samsonov write, but they obviously have nothing to do with it.
        2. rubin6286
          rubin6286 1 March 2016 00: 55 New
          +2
          Women need to give in and help, not because they are weak and cannot do otherwise, but because they are fools and otherwise will be killed.
        3. gladcu2
          gladcu2 1 March 2016 04: 10 New
          +1
          voyaka

          This is an authorial style. Speech revolutions belong to the author.
  11. guzik007
    guzik007 29 February 2016 08: 59 New
    +2
    We were pleased with the oxen at the airfield. Immediately I remembered the columns of Germans in the 41st on carts and with rifles in the original photos, in contrast to the official pearls of our historians about the "mechanized lava" entirely of machine gunners
    1. Fitter65
      Fitter65 29 February 2016 09: 50 New
      +1
      By the way, this is a training airfield, since by the end of the war (and in the photo the end of 1944 (more precisely, I will not say it in the archive), Germany felt an acute shortage of fuel. Therefore, all secondary, etc. work where it was possible to replace the car they changed there, in order to save precious gasoline. There is a photo where the same bulls tow TZ at the OPEL-BLITZ base for refueling BF-109K fighters. The same "columns of Germans on carts" are part of the second line, well, or one of their allies , such as volunteers from Spain, and the rear units very often used animal-drawn transport.
      1. WUA 518
        WUA 518 29 February 2016 13: 16 New
        +3
        Quote: Fitter65
        This is by the way a training airfield, since by the end of the war (
        Bulls tow the Fokke-Wulf Fokke-Wulf Fw.190S-8 training fighter past pilots of the 2nd group of the 301st Luftwaffe fighter squadron (II.JG301). Location: Stendal, Germany
        Time taken: 1945/XNUMX/XNUMX
        1. Fitter65
          Fitter65 29 February 2016 13: 50 New
          +1
          I’m saying that I don’t remember the summer, while I found you already specified ...
    2. alpamys
      alpamys 29 February 2016 12: 16 New
      0
      Quote: guzik007
      We were pleased with the oxen at the airfield. Immediately I remembered the columns of Germans in the 41st on carts and with rifles in the original photos, in contrast to the official pearls of our historians about the "mechanized lava" entirely of machine gunners

      communicated with one Me109 pilot, he said that from the 44th year, in order to save fuel, the planes pulled oxen to take off
  12. Stas57
    Stas57 29 February 2016 09: 32 New
    +6
    oh, that lovely provincial journalism .....

    In the German language there are no diminutive words, as in Russian. Maybe that's why Kurt had a rather tough and cocky disposition.

    hand face.....

    where his father identified - in horse cavalry.

    two hands to face
    in general, he served in the infantry, it is simply written in the English wiki that his father insisted on cavalry.)))) but he served in the commanders in the 71 Erfurt Infantry Regiment

    and father - in the dragoon troops.

    father was a grenadier!

    this is enough to understand the level of this opus

    therefore surprised teachers at the entrance exam at the Berlin Higher Technical School

    the famous Berlin Polytechnic or Technische Universität Berlin (although RWTH Aachen University is in another source, but I think it is later, the department after the university).

    shorter than such articles of provincial journalism and Topwar will become like RenTV or TV3
    1. parusnik
      parusnik 29 February 2016 10: 25 New
      +6
      Do not judge too harshly .. there are bloopers, yes .. smile But the young lady writes ... she is looking for herself ... she will learn .. smile Or understand .. that such topics are not hers ... Do not shoot the pianist, he plays as best he can ...
      1. Stas57
        Stas57 29 February 2016 13: 06 New
        0
        Quote: parusnik
        Do not judge too harshly .. there are mistakes, yes .. But the young lady writes ... she searches for herself ... she will learn .. Or she will understand .. that such topics are not hers ... Do not shoot the pianist, he plays as best he can ..

        No, it’s Wuhu Matzah who can write articles on his knees, and so everyone knows that for the patriotic, military-historical, this is strictly prohibited. Only clearly, everything to the point, without "lifenuz", sensation, myth, invention and pearls.
        we already have enough-girls-designers, prompting Stalin vopopudanites, space SMERShevtsev and other low-grade garbage.
  13. Kim Klimov
    Kim Klimov 29 February 2016 09: 32 New
    +3
    An outstanding designer, of course. Yes, and a brave pilot.
    1. Aleksandr72
      Aleksandr72 29 February 2016 13: 39 New
      +6
      It remains to add that Kurt Tank was the creator of the aircraft, which became the prototype for post-war fighter aircraft made according to the sweep wing scheme
      The Focke-Wulf Ta.183 fighter, according to the plans of the German command, was to become the main single-engine Luftwaffe fighter. This plane never took off, it was not even completed to the end. Nevertheless, his contribution to the development of aviation is enormous. The solutions that were incorporated into it were then replicated in thousands of aircraft in other countries for many years. Its external forms, wings, plumage, air intake, fuselage were repeated many times later in other designs. Almost indistinguishable from each other for an unprofessional look, "twin brothers", jet fighters of the late 1940s - early 50s, including the MiG-15 and 17. F-84 and F-86 "Saber", Dasault "Ouraqan" - all they are the "chicks" of his nest.
      Here is his post-war image:
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 29 February 2016 18: 22 New
        +1
        Handsomely. Yes, this form defined the entire military aviation of the 50s.
      2. Argon
        Argon 29 February 2016 23: 57 New
        +2
        Dear Alexander, it seems to me that you overestimate the contribution of the Germans to the development of jet aviation. In general, the rearmament of the Air Force (namely, by August 45th) during the period of "total" war for a radically new type of technology seems to be at least a gamble. And the Reich did not have so to speak "academic" potential for solving such a problem. As a result, all the serial jet machines of the Germans had fundamental problems with stability, controllability. So the unit you presented still flew, though in the late 40s and in Argentina and did not demonstrate anything outstanding. that it was a different car, a different engine (it was being built for "Nin"). But in the presented (in the picture) form, he could not fly at all. Yes, and it was built on the basis of parts exported from Germany.
  14. Fitter65
    Fitter65 29 February 2016 09: 36 New
    10
    In 1931, Kurt Tank, who had previously worked for Rohrbach and BFW, came to the Focke-Wulf company. In 1933, K. Tank headed the design bureau of the Focke-Wulf company. Preliminary design of a passenger aircraft, began 19.01.1936/9/1936. July 4, 2 Focke-Wulf submitted to RLM a technical proposal for the project. And after 200.1.08.1936 days, preliminary permission was received to start full-scale design and construction of 1.08.1937 prototypes that received the FW-200 index. 27.07.1937/27.06.1938/200 FV signed an agreement with Lufthansa, where the flight date of the first prototype was determined on 0/3155/10 Taking care of advertising K.Tank achieved the assignment of its own name to his brainchild "CONDOR". In many publications and publications, the date of the first flight of the FV-21 indicates 304,381/10/1938. 200/1/20.05 FW-80А-6371,3 (D-ADHR) set a flight speed record on the Berlin-Cairo highway (with one stopover), having overcome a distance of 255,499 km in 13h14min flight time at a center speed of 19 km / h, a record flight was made on August 55, 320,919aircraft FW-XNUMXVXNUMX (which received a new registration D-ACON) at XNUMX the aircraft took off from the Berlin-Staaken airfield and landed a day later in New York at the Floyd Bennett Field airfield. Despite the strong headwind the speed of which reached XNUMX km / h, the aircraft without landing overcame XNUMX km with an AVERAGE speed of XNUMX km / h. During the return flight, which took place on August XNUMX-XNUMX, the wind blew in the "back" and the plane covered the same distance in XNUMXh XNUMXmin, with an average speed of XNUMX km / h ...
    Dear author, if you, by virtue of education, do not understand such values ​​as constant and average speed, then you would not at least confuse the directions. And it’s just like a well-known general turns out to be south-north. And in general, where are you such nonsense (sorry, MATERIAL) for Have you typed your articles? It seems that you’re reading a woman’s novel and not an article about an aircraft designer,Professor Charlotte, whose name he will name his first paragliderA paraglider differs from a glider (correctly say a glider) like a steam locomotive from an atomic boat. In a nutshell, a glider is an airplane without a motor, and a paraglider is, roughly speaking, a modified parachute.
    Pauline doesn’t have to do so anymore, especially where you’re not 0 but rather -1 hi
  15. Bredovich705
    Bredovich705 29 February 2016 10: 49 New
    +1
    Plus, but you need to work with spelling! By the way, one more minus to moderators! Please deal with the flag!
  16. Miner
    Miner 29 February 2016 12: 33 New
    +3
    "And if the Lufthansa crew flew to America at a speed 320,9 km / h, then the Germans decided to “drive back” the plane faster and flew at a speed 255,49 km / h. "

    +

    "Horse Cavalry" = What, what kind of cavalry? What kind of oil is oil? Wow :)



    Conclusion: good intentions in order to give colors to the material should not be so stupidly broken into elementary factual inaccuracies and blunders.

    Well, nothing. It could be worse...
    We are waiting for the continuation.
  17. Amurets
    Amurets 29 February 2016 13: 04 New
    +1
    For an attempt to write about an interesting person and a designer +. But still the numbers and data need to be checked and clarified. There are many sites on aviation. First of all, I would recommend the online encyclopedia "Corner of the Sky". There is also a series of books by Leonid Ancelovich about aircraft designers the world.
  18. efimovaPE
    29 February 2016 14: 50 New
    +6
    Dear comrades! I read all your comments and just conscience tortured me for all my bloopers. Yes, I admit, I wrote in a hurry, with a fever and a screaming child nearby. The head turned off. I wrote "on the machine". Yes, now I sit and roar again. It is a shame and a shame that in a hurry, with a desire to do at least something, what happened was what happened.
    1. Stas57
      Stas57 29 February 2016 14: 52 New
      +2
      crying is stupid, correct mistakes, and continue to work efficiently and not rush.
      good luck!
    2. rubin6286
      rubin6286 29 February 2016 17: 03 New
      0
      Do not worry, for God's sake, this is many a glorious way .....
      We are waiting for the second part.
      1. Bashibuzuk
        Bashibuzuk 29 February 2016 19: 52 New
        +1
        Pauline, do not pay much attention to us.
        Firstly, this is a male type of behavior - we know the technique better than women!
        And secondly .... here I would ... with my head off and a screaming child nearby, in a hurry, and even suppose with a hangover - I would never write
        how to choose the right bra.
        Or which of the shampoos eliminates the birth rash.
        .
        So, do not take it to heart.
        Publications about people and their relationships you get.
        Even as it turns out.
        .
        Maybe it's better after all, a titmouse in her hands. And a contented kinder nearby, nicht war?
    3. Alf
      Alf 29 February 2016 23: 24 New
      +1
      Quote: efimovaPE
      Dear comrades! I read all your comments and just conscience tortured me for all my bloopers. Yes, I admit, I wrote in a hurry, with a fever and a screaming child nearby. The head turned off. I wrote "on the machine". Yes, now I sit and roar again. It is a shame and a shame that in a hurry, with a desire to do at least something, what happened was what happened.

      Dear Polinochka! Here, no one is going to you, God forbid, humiliate and mock you. It’s simple, and this is my personal opinion, if a light bulb burns out in my apartment or the door doesn’t close in the wall, I will first eliminate these shortcomings and only then climb onto the forum. And to do three things at once, at the same time no one succeeded.
      And, if you like, advice for the future. Be very careful with translated literature, especially technical. Sometimes such nonsense translates that one mat breaks loose. Classic Case — A naked steward climbs under a wagon. The original was Non-insulated conductor passes under the trolley. Good luck to you ! No offense.
    4. 5234
      5234 29 February 2016 23: 52 New
      +1
      Please forgive me.
      But what makes you write an article in such conditions? ...
      It’s not a war. What for? There are things.
    5. Fitter65
      Fitter65 1 March 2016 04: 56 New
      +1
      Why was it necessary to write in general under such conditions? It’s on the level - I'm sorry that I drove into your side, well, firstly I spoke on the phone. Secondly, I painted my lips, thirdly, I urgently needed to, and it’s your problem that you were driving on green, I like red more ...
  19. Former battalion commander
    Former battalion commander 29 February 2016 15: 11 New
    -11 qualifying.
    That is why on this resource savor every city but German? About his designers for some reason, silence! And beaten fascists are so directly licked and savored from all sides. To avoid such articles and not to let them go to print at all.
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 29 February 2016 15: 16 New
      +4
      It wasn’t like that ... (German planes), great cars. You need to know who you fought and won against.
  20. Lone wolf
    Lone wolf 29 February 2016 17: 10 New
    0
    In 1931, Kurt Tank, who had previously worked for Rohrbach and BFW, came to the Focke-Wulf company. In 1933, K. Tank headed the design bureau of the Focke-Wulf company. Preliminary design of a passenger aircraft, began 19.01.1936/9/1936. July 4, 2 Focke-Wulf submitted to RLM a technical proposal for the project. And after 200.1.08.1936 days, preliminary permission was received to start full-scale design and construction of 1.08.1937 prototypes that received the FW-200 index. 27.07.1937/27.06.1938/200 FV signed an agreement with Lufthansa, where the flight date of the first prototype was determined on 0/3155/10 Taking care of advertising K.Tank achieved the assignment of its own name to his brainchild "CONDOR". In many publications and publications, the date of the first flight of the FV-21 indicates 304,381/10/1938. 200/1/20.05 FW-80А-6371,3 (D-ADHR) set a flight speed record on the Berlin-Cairo highway (with one stopover), having overcome a distance of 255,499 km in 13h14min flight time at a center speed of 19 km / h, a record flight was made on August 55, 320,919aircraft FW-XNUMXVXNUMX (which received a new registration D-ACON) at XNUMX the aircraft took off from the Berlin-Staaken airfield and landed a day later in New York at the Floyd Bennett Field airfield. Despite the strong headwind the speed of which reached XNUMX km / h, the aircraft without landing overcame XNUMX km with an AVERAGE speed of XNUMX km / h. During the return flight, which took place on August XNUMX-XNUMX, the wind blew in the "back" and the plane covered the same distance in XNUMXh XNUMXmin, with an average speed of XNUMX km / h ...

    The priest passed away four hours ago, right after the Charlie flew away. Tyndall made a mistake in his calculations. Charlie didn’t arrive in an hour. He arrived at almost noon, but then accompanied by three of his own reconnaissance aircraft. A huge distance separated them from the Norwegian coast to the tenth degree of west longitude, the point where Ulysses was located. But such a distance was beyond the reach of these gigantic Focke-Wulf-200 machines, which flew day after day, from dawn to dawn, in a giant semicircle from Trondheim to occupied France, while encircling the British Isles from the west.
    quote from the book of Alistair Mack Lyn .. The cruiser of His Majesty Ulysses ...
    1. Kostya Andreev
      Kostya Andreev 1 March 2016 19: 39 New
      0
      Polar convoy
  21. Filxnumx
    Filxnumx 29 February 2016 19: 27 New
    +2
    Dear Polina! I appreciate your courage and hope that you learn this lesson; only one who does nothing is not mistaken. Good luck in the field of writing.
    And regarding the fact that Saber is the heir of the Tank school, one can argue with the respected Alexander 72. In my opinion, there is more influence of Willie Messerschmitt. After all, it was his model P1102 that the Americans took out and tested at home, having received the Bell X5 at the end. And Ta-183 nevertheless took off in Argentina, it seems in 1951, albeit under the name "Pulki II".
  22. Kostya Andreev
    Kostya Andreev 29 February 2016 20: 43 New
    0
    Pauline, thank you very much. an interesting article about errors, do not pay attention and do not follow the advice not to write.
  23. Dekabrev
    Dekabrev 29 February 2016 23: 02 New
    0
    And most importantly!
    What a discussion!
    There are no indifferent!
    Plus did not set, but did not minus.
    I hope the second part will be with fewer errors.
    Good luck!
  24. Dekabrev
    Dekabrev 29 February 2016 23: 23 New
    0
    Pauline, congratulations!
    You raped us ... I'm sorry, success!
  25. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 4 March 2016 18: 47 New
    0
    Quote: Dimon19661
    "Frame" Fw-189 - a good scout, it was hard to shoot him down.
    Frankly speaking, the Tank Design Bureau had practically no unsuccessful vehicles launched into the series.

    Quote: dauria
    The famous Messer "one hundred and nine" was never a "Messerschmitt" either smile BF.109 (bayerische flugzeugwerke)

    It seems like the plant has been transformed since the 1943 of the year and I don’t remember either from the end of the 43, or from the beginning of the 1944 of the year Me109 started to appear instead of the Bf109 exactly - the K series went under that index exactly.

    Quote: dauria
    Do you know what the Germans called the La-5, which is easily confused with the FW.190? "Big Rat". This despite the fact that their "rat" was our famous I-16.
    All due to the similarity of air-cooled engines. Incidentally, very accurate in silhouette.

    Quote: Litsvin
    Do you know how crumpled British pilots called "Fockewulf-190" !!! ??? - "Killer Bird" !!!
    Well, actually this bird is called "shrike".

    Quote: Argon
    Dear Alexander, it seems to me that you overestimate the contribution of the Germans to the development of jet aviation. In general, the rearmament of the Air Force (namely, by August 45) during the period of "total" war with a radically new type of technology seems to be at least a gamble.
    I would say that he also underestimates. Both the USA and the USSR very actively used German developments - and even the famous B-2 "flying wings" - come precisely from the gloomy Teutonic genius, not to mention Migi and Sabra ...

    In general, if Messerschmidt was more of a popular personality, a "media person", then Tank was more modest and more humane or something. Yes, the Messerschmidt Design Bureau produced often revolutionary models, but they were like some kind of star machines, while the Tank Design Bureau came out with reliable, life-saving machines for poorly trained pilots.

    But still, in the factories of the Reich they produced something about 38000 Messerschmidt aircraft and about 26000 Tank aircraft of various types.
  26. Alex_623
    Alex_623 April 3 2016 18: 11 New
    0
    Quote: Sergey 34
    Well, horse cavalry is much better on foot!)

    Dragoons - this is precisely the cavalry on foot!
    Move on horseback - fight on foot ...

    Well this is certainly a joke of humor ...
  27. SerB60
    SerB60 April 4 2016 06: 51 New
    0
    Slanting, not Russian-built sentences.
  28. Mushroom
    Mushroom April 20 2016 11: 36 New
    0
    FV-189 - turned out to be a very successful aircraft for a long time.